Results for 'Stefan M. Schulz'

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  1.  42
    Enhanced Cardiac Perception Is Associated With Increased Susceptibility to Framing Effects.Stefan Sütterlin, Stefan M. Schulz, Theresa Stumpf, Paul Pauli & Claus Vögele - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (5):922-935.
    Previous studies suggest in line with dual process models that interoceptive skills affect controlled decisions via automatic or implicit processing. The “framing effect” is considered to capture implicit effects of task-irrelevant emotional stimuli on decision-making. We hypothesized that cardiac awareness, as a measure of interoceptive skills, is positively associated with susceptibility to the framing effect. Forty volunteers performed a risky-choice framing task in which the effect of loss versus gain frames on decisions based on identical information was assessed. The results (...)
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  2.  16
    Aerobic Exercise Induces Functional and Structural Reorganization of CNS Networks in Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Jan-Patrick Stellmann, Adil Maarouf, Karl-Heinz Schulz, Lisa Baquet, Jana Pöttgen, Stefan Patra, Iris-Katharina Penner, Susanne Gellißen, Gesche Ketels, Pierre Besson, Jean-Philippe Ranjeva, Maxime Guye, Guido Nolte, Andreas K. Engel, Bertrand Audoin, Christoph Heesen & Stefan M. Gold - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  3.  14
    Definition und Evaluation einer Guideline zur Entwicklung von qualitativ guten Ontologien.M. Boeker, S. Schulz, D. Seddig-Raufie, D. Schober, J. Röhl, N. Grewe & L. Jansen - 2013 - GMDS 2013: 58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie Und Epidemiologie E.V. (GMDS). Lübeck 1.
    Ontology engineering is mainly done by domain experts who are specialists in their domain but have, if at all, limited knowledge in logics, computer science, or analytic philosophy. The literature on formal ontologies and biomedical ontologies is neither suited nor intended to serve as an educational resource that would help domain experts to become good ontologists. Existing educational resources focus rather on ontology tools and languages than on good practice. The purpose of the GoodOD guideline is to pave the road (...)
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  4.  8
    Cosmologies et cosmogonies dans la littérature antique: huit exposés suivis de discussions et d'un épilogue.Stefan M. Maul, Therese Fuhrer, Michael Erler & Pascale Derron (eds.) - 2015 - Vandoeuvres: Fondation Hardt.
  5.  10
    Altorientalische Schöpfungsmythen.Stefan M. Maul - 2004 - In Reinhard Brandt & Steffen Schmidt (eds.), Mythos Und Mythologie. Akademie Verlag. pp. 43-54.
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  6.  50
    Dissociative Identity Disorder and the Law: Guilty or Not Guilty?Stefane M. Kabene, Nazli Balkir Neftci & Efthymios Papatzikis - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Dissociative identity disorder is a dissociative disorder that gained a significant rise in the past few decades. There has been less than 50 DID cases recorded between 1922 and 1972, while 20,000 cases are recorded by 1990. Therefore, it becomes of great significant to assess the various concepts related to DID to further understand the disorder. The current review has a goal of understanding whether an individual suffering from DID is legally responsible for the committed crime, and whether or not (...)
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  7.  15
    Increased metabolic activity in the septum and habenula during stress is linked to subsequent expression of learned helplessness behavior.Martine M. Mirrione, Daniela Schulz, Kyle A. B. Lapidus, Samuel Zhang, Wayne Goodman & Fritz A. Henn - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  8.  36
    Teaching Good Biomedical Ontology Design.D. Seddig-Raufie, M. Boeker, S. Schulz, N. Grewe, J. Röhl, L. Jansen & D. Schober - 2012 - In Ronald Cornet & Robert Stevens (eds.), International Conference for Biomedical Ontologies (ICBO 2012), KR-MED Series, Graz, Austria July 21-25, 2012.
    Background: In order to improve ontology quality, tool- and language-related tutorials are not sufficient. Care must be taken to provide optimized curricula for teaching the representational language in the context of a semantically rich upper level ontology. The constraints provided by rigid top and upper level models assure that the ontologies built are not only logically consistent but also adequately represent the domain of discourse and align to explicitly outlined ontological principles. Finally such a curriculum must take into account the (...)
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  9.  11
    Herzberuhigungsklagen: Die sumerisch-akkadischen Erša-hunga-GebeteHerzberuhigungsklagen: Die sumerisch-akkadischen Ersa-hunga-Gebete.Mark E. Cohen & Stefan M. Maul - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (3):571.
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  10.  8
    Rezension: Was wir Karl R. Popper und seiner Philosophieverdanken.A. Ungar, M. Stefan, N. Pfeifer, M. Karlegger, F. Greinecker, N. Furlan, P. Brössel & A. Anglberger - 2003 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 1 (17):23-27.
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  11.  43
    Causal Learning Mechanisms in Very Young Children: Two-, Three-, and Four-Year-Olds Infer Causal Relations From Patterns of Variation and Covariation.Clark Glymour, Alison Gopnik, David M. Sobel & Laura E. Schulz - unknown
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  12.  50
    The Controversy Over Pediatric Bariatric Surgery: An Explorative Study on Attitudes and Normative Beliefs of Specialists, Parents, and Adolescents With Obesity.Stefan M. van Geelen, Ineke L. E. Bolt, Olga H. van der Baan-Slootweg & Marieke J. H. van Summeren - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (2):227-237.
    Despite the reported limited success of conventional treatments and growing evidence of the effectiveness of adult bariatric surgery, weight loss operations for (morbidly) obese children and adolescents are still considered to be controversial by health care professionals and lay people alike. This paper describes an explorative, qualitative study involving obesity specialists, morbidly obese adolescents, and parents and identifies attitudes and normative beliefs regarding pediatric bariatric surgery. Views on the etiology of obesity—whether it should be considered primarily a medical condition or (...)
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  13. Risk factors for worsening of somatic symptom burden in a prospective cohort during the COVID-19 pandemic.Petra Engelmann, Bernd Löwe, Thomas Theo Brehm, Angelika Weigel, Felix Ullrich, Marylyn M. Addo, Julian Schulze zur Wiesch, Ansgar W. Lohse & Anne Toussaint - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionLittle is known about risk factors for both Long COVID and somatic symptoms that develop in individuals without a history of COVID-19 in response to the pandemic. There is reason to assume an interplay between pathophysiological mechanisms and psychosocial factors in the etiology of symptom persistence.ObjectiveTherefore, this study investigates specific risk factors for somatic symptom deterioration in a cohort of German adults with and without prior SARS-CoV-2 infection.MethodsGerman healthcare professionals underwent SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody testing and completed self-rating questionnaires at baseline (...)
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  14. What is a machine? Exploring the meaning of ‘artificial’ in ‘artificial intelligence’.Stefan Schulz & Janna Hastings - 2024 - Cosmos+Taxis 12 (5+6):37-41.
    Landgrebe and Smith provide an argument for the impossibility of Artificial General Intelligence based on the limits of simulating complex systems. However, their argument presupposes a very contemporary vision of artificial intelligence as a model trained on data to produce an algorithm executable in a modern digital computing system. The present contribution explores what it means to be artificial. Current artificial intelligence approaches on modern computing systems are not the only conceivable way in which artificial intelligence technology might be created. (...)
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  15. Molecular Interactions. On the Ambiguity of Ordinary Statements in Biomedical Literature.Stefan Schulz & Ludger Jansen - 2009 - Applied ontology (4):21-34.
    Statements about the behavior of biochemical entities (e.g., about the interaction between two proteins) abound in the literature on molecular biology and are increasingly becoming the targets of information extraction and text mining techniques. We show that an accurate analysis of the semantics of such statements reveals a number of ambiguities that have to be taken into account in the practice of biomedical ontology engineering: Such statements can not only be understood as event reporting statements, but also as ascriptions of (...)
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  16. Lmn-2 interacts with Elf-2. On the meaning of common statements in biomedical literature.Stefan Schulz & Ludger Jansen - 2006 - In KR-MED 2006 – Biomedical Ontology in Action. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Formal Knowledge Representation. MD. pp. 37-45.
    Statements about the behavior of biological entities, e.g. about the interaction between two proteins, abound in the literature on molecular biology and are increasingly becoming the targets of information extraction and text mining techniques. We show that an accurate analysis of the semantics of such statements reveals a number of ambiguities that is necessary to take into account in the practice of biomedical ontology engineering. Several concurring formalizations are proposed. Emphasis is laid on the discussion of biological dispositions.
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  17.  91
    Rezension: Was wir Karl R. Popper und seiner Philosophieverdanken.A. Anglberger, P. Brössel, N. Furlan, F. Greinecker, M. Karlegger, N. Pfeifer, M. Stefan & A. Ungar - 2003 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):23-27.
  18.  65
    Lyotard, postmodernism and science education: A rejoinder to Zembylas.Roland M. Schulz - 2007 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (6):633–656.
    Although postmodernist thought has become prominent in some educational circles, its influence on science education has until recently been rather minor. This paper examines the proposal of Michalinos Zembylas, published earlier in this journal, that Lyotardian postmodernism should be applied to science educational reform in order to achieve the much sought after positive transformation. As a preliminary to this examination several critical points are raised about Lyotard's philosophy of education and philosophy of science which serve to challenge and undermine Zembylas’ (...)
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  19.  11
    Lyotard, Postmodernism and Science Education: A Rejoinder To Zembylas.Roland M. Schulz - 2007 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (6):633-656.
    Although postmodernist thought has become prominent in some educational circles, its influence on science education has until recently been rather minor. This paper examines the proposal of Michalinos Zembylas, published earlier in this journal, that Lyotardian postmodernism should be applied to science educational reform in order to achieve the much sought after positive transformation. As a preliminary to this examination several critical points are raised about Lyotard's philosophy of education and philosophy of science which serve to challenge and undermine Zembylas’ (...)
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  20. Repentance and Continuous Improvement: Ethical Implications for the Modern Leader. [REVIEW]Cam Caldwell, Rolf D. Dixon, Ryan Atkins & Stefan M. Dowdell - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (3):473-487.
    Although leadership of organizations rarely is discussed in terms of the religious construct of repentance, we propose that repentance and continuous improvement are closely related ideas that profoundly impact individuals and organizations. We identify six parallels between repentance and continuous improvement and then show how these parallels apply to the fundamental principles associated with highly regarded leadership perspectives. We conclude by identifying five contributions of the article to the management literature.
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  21.  58
    BioTop: An upper domain ontology for the life sciencesA description of its current structure, contents and interfaces to OBO ontologies.Elena Beisswanger, Stefan Schulz, Holger Stenzhorn & Udo Hahn - 2008 - Applied ontology 3 (4):205-212.
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  22. Vantagens e limitações das ontologias formais na área biomédica.Stefan Schulz, Holger Stenzhorn, Martin Boeker & Barry Smith - 2009 - RECIIS: Revista Electronica de Comunicacao Informacao, Inovacao Em Saude 3 (1).
    Propomos uma tipologia dos artefatos de representação para as áreas de saúde e ciências biológicas, e a associação dessa tipologia com diferentes tipos de ontologia formal e lógica, chegando a conclusões quanto aos pontos fortes e limitações da ontologia de diferentes tipos de recursos lógicos, enquanto mantemos o foco na lógica descritiva. Consideramos quatro tipos de representação de área: (i) representação léxico-semântica, (ii) representação de tipos de entidades, (iii) representação de conhecimento prévio, e (iv) representação de indivíduos. Defendemos uma clara (...)
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  23.  23
    SNOMED CT and Basic Formal Ontology – convergence or contradiction between standards? The case of “clinical finding”.Stefan Schulz, James T. Case, Peter Hendler, Daniel Karlsson, Michael Lawley, Ronald Cornet, Robert Hausam, Harold Solbrig, Karim Nashar, Catalina Martínez-Costa & Yongsheng Gao - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (3):207-237.
    Background: SNOMED CT is a large terminology system designed to represent all aspects of healthcare. Its current form and content result from decades of bottom-up evolution. Due to SNOMED CT’s formal descriptions, it can be considered an ontology. The Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) is a foundational ontology that proposes a small set of disjoint, hierarchically ordered classes, supported by relations and axioms. In contrast, as a typical top-down endeavor, BFO was designed as a foundational framework for domain ontologies in the (...)
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  24.  24
    Consolidating SNOMED CT's ontological commitment.Stefan Schulz, Ronald Cornet & Kent Spackman - 2011 - Applied ontology 6 (1):1-11.
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  25. Semantic Applications in Life Sciences. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Formal Biomedical Knowledge Representation, hosted by Bio-Ontologies 2010.Ronald Cornet & Stefan Schulz (eds.) - 2011
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  26. Clinical ontologies interfacing the real world.Stefan Schulz, Holger Stenzhorn, Martin Boeker, Rüdiger Klar & Barry Smith - 2007 - In Schulz Stefan, Stenzhorn Holger, Boeker Martin, Klar Rüdiger & Smith Barry (eds.), Third International Conference on Semantic Technologies (i-semantics 2007), Graz, Austria. pp. 356-363..
    The desideratum of semantic interoperability has been intensively discussed in medical informatics circles in recent years. Originally, experts assumed that this issue could be sufficiently addressed by insisting simply on the application of shared clinical terminologies or clinical information models. However, the use of the term ‘ontology’ has been steadily increasing more recently. We discuss criteria for distinguishing clinical ontologies from clinical terminologies and information models. Then, we briefly present the role clinical ontologies play in two multicentric research projects. Finally, (...)
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  27. How to Distinguish Parthood from Location in Bioontologies.Stefan Schulz, Philipp Daumke, Barry Smith & Udo Hahn - 2005 - In Stefan Schulz, Philipp Daumke, Barry Smith & Udo Hahn (eds.), Proceedings of the AMIA Symposium. American Medical Informatics Association. pp. 669-673.
    The pivotal role of the relation part-of in the description of living organisms is widely acknowledged. Organisms are open systems, which means that in contradistinction to mechanical artifacts they are characterized by a continuous flow and exchange of matter. A closer analysis of the spatial relations in biological organisms reveals that the decision as to whether a given particular is part-of a second particular or whether it is only contained-in the second particular is often controversial. We here propose a rule-based (...)
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  28. Proceedings of the AMIA Symposium.Stefan Schulz, Philipp Daumke, Barry Smith & Udo Hahn (eds.) - 2005 - American Medical Informatics Association.
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  29. Third International Conference on Semantic Technologies (i-semantics 2007), Graz, Austria.Schulz Stefan, Stenzhorn Holger, Boeker Martin, Klar Rüdiger & Smith Barry (eds.) - 2007
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  30.  10
    How versioning of terminology systems can be supported by ontological models – a case study on TNM tumor classification.Susanne Zabka, Stefan Schulz, Oliver Brunner & Martin Boeker - forthcoming - Applied ontology:1-20.
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  31. Adapting Clinical Ontologies in Real-World Environments.Holger Stenzhorn, Stefan Schulz, Martin Boeker & Barry Smith - 2008 - Journal of Universal Computer Science 14 (22):3767-3780.
    The desideratum of semantic interoperability has been intensively discussed in medical informatics circles in recent years. Originally, experts assumed that this issue could be sufficiently addressed by insisting simply on the application of shared clinical terminologies or clinical information models. However, the use of the term ‘ontology’ has been steadily increasing more recently. We discuss criteria for distinguishing clinical ontologies from clinical terminologies and information models. Then, we briefly present the role clinical ontologies play in two multicentric research projects. Finally, (...)
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  32.  21
    Entscheiden und Handeln am Krankenbett. Eine Online-Simulation im Blended-Learning-Format.Sebastian Kuhn, Stefan Schulz & Susanne Michl - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (3):407-412.
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  33. Proceedings of the AMIA Symposium.Schulz Stefan, Daumke Philipp, Smith Barry & Hahn Udo - 2005 - .
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  34.  19
    Effects of Guideline-Based Training on the Quality of Formal Ontologies: A Randomized Controlled Trial.M. Boeker, L. Jansen, J. Röhl, N. Grewe, D. Seddig-Raufie & S. Schulz - 2013 - PLoS ONE 1.
    BACKGROUND -/- The importance of ontologies in the biomedical domain is generally recognized. However, their quality is often too poor for large-scale use in critical applications, at least partially due to insufficient training of ontology developers. -/- OBJECTIVE -/- To show the efficacy of guideline-based ontology development training on the performance of ontology developers. The hypothesis was that students who received training on top-level ontologies and design patterns perform better than those who only received training in the basic principles of (...)
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  35.  16
    Automatic behavioural responses to valence: Evidence that facial action is facilitated by evaluative processing.Roland Neumann, Markus Hess, Stefan Schulz & Georg Alpers - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (4):499-513.
  36.  6
    Announcement of Zeitschrift fur vergleichende Sprachforschung.C. W. E. M. & Wilhelm Schulze - 1933 - American Journal of Philology 54 (2):198.
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  37.  35
    Grains, Components and Mixtures in Biomedical Ontologies.Ludger Jansen & Schulz Stefan - 2011 - Journal of Biomedical Semantics 2 (4).
    BACKGROUND -/- In biomedical ontologies, mereological relations have always been subject to special interest due to their high relevance in structural descriptions of anatomical entities, cells, and biomolecules. This paper investigates two important subrelations of has_proper_part, viz. the relation has_grain, which relates a collective entity to its multiply occurring uniform parts (e.g., water molecules in a portion of water), and the relation has_component, which relates a compound to its constituents (e.g., molecules to the atoms they consist of). -/- METHOD -/- (...)
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  38. Die Biomedizin Im Europa- Und Völkerrecht Eine Einführung in Internationale Instrumente, Prinzipien Und Regelungen der Humangenetik.Stefan F. Schulz - 2002 - Irp.
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  39.  5
    Kants Verteidigung der Metaphysik: eine Untersuchung zur Problemgeschichte des Opus Postumum.Stefan Schulze - 1994 - Marburg: Tectum.
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  40.  13
    Rezension: Patientenwege. Die Konsiliarkorrespondenz Lorenz Heisters in der Trew-Sammlung Erlangen von Marion Maria Ruisinger.Stefan Schulz - 2010 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 33 (2):211-212.
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  41. Anatomical information science.Barry Smith, Jose Mejino, Stefan Schulz, Anand Kumar & Cornelius Rosse - 2005 - In A. G. Cohn & D. M. Mark (eds.), Spatial Information Theory. Springer. pp. 149-164.
    The Foundational Model of Anatomy (FMA) is a map of the human body. Like maps of other sorts – including the map-like representations we find in familiar anatomical atlases – it is a representation of a certain portion of spatial reality as it exists at a certain (idealized) instant of time. But unlike other maps, the FMA comes in the form of a sophisticated ontology of its objectdomain, comprising some 1.5 million statements of anatomical relations among some 70,000 anatomical kinds. (...)
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  42. Measuring the Effect of a Guideline-based Training on Ontology Design with a Competency Questions based Evaluation Approach.M. Boeker, N. Grewe, J. Röhl, D. Schober, S. Schulz, D. Seddig-Raufie & L. Jansen - 2013 - In M. Horbach (ed.), Informatik 2013. Informatik angepasst an Mensch, Organisation und Umwelt. pp. 1783-1795.
    OBJECTIVE: (a) To measure the effect of a guideline-based training on the performance of ontology developers compared with the performance after unspecific training by a competency question based evaluation; and (b) to provide empirical evidence for the applicability of competency questions in formal ontology evaluation in general. BACKGROUND: A close connection between ontology development and ontology evaluation as quality management procedure can been attained with the use of competency questions. Competency questions are often used as a semi-formal specification of requirements (...)
     
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  43.  12
    Substance concentrations as conditions for the realization of dispositions.J. Hastings, L. Jansen, Stefan Schulz & C. Steinbeck - 2011 - In Ronald Cornet & Stefan Schulz (eds.), Semantic Applications in Life Sciences. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Formal Biomedical Knowledge Representation, hosted by Bio-Ontologies 2010.
    Ontologies aim to represent what is general, by means of universal statements. In contrast, dispositional predications capture knowledge about what is likely to happen if a certain set of circumstances obtain, which is crucial in investigative research such as in drug discovery and systems biology, where entities which are constitutionally dissimilar can nevertheless have similar behavior in a biological context. While such dispositional properties are increasingly included in biomedical ontologies, the circumstances under which the dispositions are realized are seldom explicitly (...)
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  44.  21
    Modeling knowledge‐based inferences in story comprehension.Stefan L. Frank, Mathieu Koppen, Leo G. M. Noordman & Wietske Vonk - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (6):875-910.
    A computational model of inference during story comprehension is presented, in which story situations are represented distributively as points in a high‐dimensional “situation‐state space.” This state space organizes itself on the basis of a constructed microworld description. From the same description, causal/temporal world knowledge is extracted. The distributed representation of story situations is more flexible than Golden and Rumelhart's [Discourse Proc 16 (1993) 203] localist representation.A story taking place in the microworld corresponds to a trajectory through situation‐state space. During the (...)
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  45.  37
    Modeling knowledge‐based inferences in story comprehension.Stefan L. Frank, Mathieu Koppen, Leo G. M. Noordman & Wietske Vonk - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (6):875-910.
    A computational model of inference during story comprehension is presented, in which story situations are represented distributively as points in a high‐dimensional “situation‐state space.” This state space organizes itself on the basis of a constructed microworld description. From the same description, causal/temporal world knowledge is extracted. The distributed representation of story situations is more flexible than Golden and Rumelhart's [Discourse Proc 16 (1993) 203] localist representation.A story taking place in the microworld corresponds to a trajectory through situation‐state space. During the (...)
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  46.  2
    Hybrid hardware for a highly parallel search in the context of learning classifiers.M. Bode, O. Freyd, J. Fischer, F. -J. Niedernostheide & H. -J. Schulze - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence 130 (1):75-84.
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  47.  36
    Interaktives Lernen: Ethik Online im Medizinstudium.Dennis Krämer, Stefan Schulz, Joschka Haltaufderheide, Esther Braun, Matthé Scholten & Jochen Vollmann - 2021 - Ethik in der Medizin 33 (3):405-408.
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  48.  13
    Erratum zu: Entscheiden und Handeln am Krankenbett. Eine Online-Simulation im Blended-Learning-Format.Sebastian Kuhn, Stefan Schulz & Susanne Michl - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (3):475-476.
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  49.  25
    Motivational Factors in the Typical Display of Humor and Creative Potential: The Case of Malevolent Creativity.Corinna M. Perchtold-Stefan, Andreas Fink, Christian Rominger & Ilona Papousek - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  50.  4
    Alexander Bogdanov: Theoretiker für das 20. Jahrhundert.Stefan Plaggenborg & M. E. Soboleva (eds.) - 2008 - München: Sagner.
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