Results for 'Spreng Nathan R.'

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  1. The Neuroscience of Spontaneous Thought: An Evolving, Interdisciplinary Field.Andrews-Hanna Jessica, Irving Zachary C., Fox Kieran, Spreng Nathan R. & Christoff Kalina - forthcoming - In Fox Kieran & Christoff Kieran (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought and Creativity. Oxford University Press.
    An often-overlooked characteristic of the human mind is its propensity to wander. Despite growing interest in the science of mind-wandering, most studies operationalize mind-wandering by its task-unrelated contents. But these contents may be orthogonal to the processes that determine how thoughts unfold over time, remaining stable or wandering from one topic to another. In this chapter, we emphasize the importance of incorporating such processes into current definitions of mind-wandering, and propose that mind-wandering and other forms of spontaneous thought (such as (...)
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  2.  12
    Episodic memory solves both social and nonsocial problems, and evolved to fulfill many different functions.Raymond A. Mar & R. Nathan Spreng - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  3.  10
    The Obscure Object of Rhetoric.Nathan R. Wagner - 2021 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 54 (2):128-148.
    ABSTRACT This paper proposes a vision of rhetoric as metaphysical enactment. This position contrasts with traditionally accepted views of rhetoric as phenomenological practice, evidenced prominently in contemporary rhetorical theory. I advance a framework that employs metaphorical accommodation and indicates a way that rhetoric can be situated as a perpetually productive force. The analytic tradition affords a method and vocabulary that when placed in conversation with rhetorical studies offers an alternative for viewing rhetoric as metaphysical enactment. I determine that rhetorical theory (...)
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  4.  8
    Aristotle on Knowledge of Nature and Modern Skepticism.Nathan R. Colaner - 2014 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Nathan R. Colaner articulates a notion of knowledge that is characteristically Aristotelian without being dependent on his metaphysics. Simultaneously, Colaner places Aristotle’s epistemology in dialogue with modern thinkers’ works to create a bridge between classical and modern philosophy.
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  5.  6
    The secret of the universe.Nathan R. Wood - 1936 - Chicago, [etc]: Fleming H Revell co..
    The expression "Thy heavens" included for him that universe whose existence was demonstrated by the "Moon and the stars." Evidently it was a song composed..
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  6.  14
    Corey W. Dyck, Kant and Rational Psychology. Reviewed by.Nathan R. Strunk - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (3):97-99.
    Corey W. Dyck presents a new account of Kant's criticism of the rational investigation of the soul in his monumental Critique of Pure Reason, in light of its eighteenth-century German context. When characterizing the rational psychology that is Kant's target in the Paralogisms of Pure Reason chapter of the Critique commentators typically only refer to an approach to, and an account of, the soul found principally in the thought of Descartes and Leibniz. But Dyck argues that to do so is (...)
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  7.  23
    God and Being.Nathan R. Strunk - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (2):439-441.
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  8.  13
    Klima, Gyula and Alexander W. Hall, eds., Medieval Metaphysics, Or Is It “Just Semantics”?Nathan R. Strunk - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (1):168-169.
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  9.  16
    White, Alan , Toward a Philosophical Theory of Everything: Contributions to the Structural-Systematic Philosophy . Reviewed by.Nathan R. Strunk - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (6):345-348.
  10.  14
    William Desmond, The Intimate Universal: The Hidden Porosity Among Religion, Art, Philosophy, and Politics. Reviewed by.Nathan R. Strunk - 2017 - Philosophy in Review 37 (4):138-140.
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  11.  3
    Beyond the Problem of Evil: Derrida and Anglophone Philosophy of Religion.Nathan R. B. Loewen - 2018 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book reinvents the philosophy of religion, investigating how social actors perceive necessities and grapple with accidents that disrupt them. Loewen draws upon on the work of Derrida and critical theorists of religion to argue that the usual commitments to categories structured by theism no longer prevent cross-cultural studies of “evil.”.
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  12.  10
    Memory and transformations in concept learning.Nathan R. Denny - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):63.
  13.  10
    Christian Attitudes to War, Peace, and Revolution – By John Howard Yoder.Nathan R. Kerr - 2011 - Modern Theology 27 (3):535-537.
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  14.  6
    Stacking the evidence: Parents’ use of acoustic packaging with preschoolers.Nathan R. George, Federica Bulgarelli, Mary Roe & Daniel J. Weiss - 2019 - Cognition 191:103956.
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  15.  12
    The role of overlearning trials in determining resistance to extinction.Nathan R. Murillo & E. J. Capaldi - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):345.
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  16.  11
    God and Being. [REVIEW]Nathan R. Strunk - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (2):439-441.
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  17.  16
    Review of Crockett Clayton, Derrida and the End of Writing: Political Theology and New Materialism: New York: Fordham University Press, 2018, ISBN:978-0-8232-7784-1, pb, 183 pp. [REVIEW]Nathan R. B. Loewen - 2019 - Sophia 58 (1):99-101.
  18.  26
    From necessity to hope: A Continental Perspective on Eschatology without Telos.J. Aaron Simmons & Nathan R. Kerr - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (6):948-965.
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  19.  20
    Between faith and belief: toward a contemporary phenomenology of religious life, by Joeri Schrijvers. [REVIEW]Nathan R. Strunk - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 77 (4):337-339.
    Between Faith and Belief builds significantly on Schrijvers’s earlier work Ontotheological Turnings?1 In his earlier work, Schrijvers argues that traces of ontotheology remain among French phenomen...
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  20.  4
    Conflict-based search for optimal multi-agent pathfinding.Guni Sharon, Roni Stern, Ariel Felner & Nathan R. Sturtevant - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence 219 (C):40-66.
  21.  4
    MM: A bidirectional search algorithm that is guaranteed to meet in the middle.Robert C. Holte, Ariel Felner, Guni Sharon, Nathan R. Sturtevant & Jingwei Chen - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence 252 (C):232-266.
  22.  14
    The diversification of developmental biology.Nathan Crowe, Michael R. Dietrich, Beverly S. Alomepe, Amelia F. Antrim, Bay Lauris ByrneSim & Yi He - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 53:1-15.
  23.  10
    Changes in the Social Responsibility Attitudes of Engineering Students Over Time.Nathan E. Canney & Angela R. Bielefeldt - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1535-1551.
    This research explored how engineering student views of their responsibility toward helping individuals and society through their profession, so-called social responsibility, change over time. A survey instrument was administered to students initially primarily in their first year, senior year, or graduate studies majoring in mechanical, civil, or environmental engineering at five institutions in September 2012, April 2013, and March 2014. The majority of the students did not change significantly in their social responsibility attitudes, but 23 % decreased and 20 % (...)
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  24. Clinical studies of muscle breakdown and repair in man.R. H. T. Edwards, M. Nathan, J. M. Round & M. J. Rennie - 1981 - In G. Adam, I. Meszaros & E. I. Banyai (eds.), Advances in Physiological Science.
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  25.  4
    Object Clusters or Spectral Energy? Assessing the Relative Contributions of Image Phase and Amplitude Spectra to Trypophobia.R. Nathan Pipitone & Christopher DiMattina - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  26.  18
    End of the line: Line bisection, an unreliable measure of approach and avoidance motivation.Nathan C. Leggett, Nicole A. Thomas & Michael E. R. Nicholls - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  27. Tutored problem solving vs.“pure” worked examples.R. Kim, Rob Weitz, N. Heffernan & Nathan Krach - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  28.  4
    Evaluating the ‘skin disease-avoidance’ and ‘dangerous animal’ frameworks for understanding trypophobia.R. Nathan Pipitone, Christopher DiMattina, Emily Renae Martin, Irena Pavela Banai, KaLynn Bellmore & Michelle De Angelis - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (5):943-956.
    Trypophobia refers to the extreme negative reaction when viewing clusters of circular objects. Two major evolutionary frameworks have been proposed to account for trypophobic visual discomfort. The skin disease-avoidance (SD) framework proposes that trypophobia is an over-generalised response to stimuli resembling pathogen-related skin diseases. The dangerous animal (DA) framework posits that some dangerous organisms and trypophobic stimuli share similar visual characteristics. Here, we performed the first experimental manipulations which directly compare these two frameworks by superimposing trypophobic imagery onto multiple image (...)
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  29.  21
    Medical Humanities: An Introduction.Thomas R. Cole, Nathan S. Carlin & Ronald A. Carson - 2014 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Nathan Carlin & Ronald A. Carson.
    This textbook brings the humanities to students in order to evoke the humanity of students. It helps to form individuals who take charge of their own minds, who are free from narrow and unreflective forms of thought, and who act compassionately in their public and professional worlds. Using concepts and methods of the humanities, the book addresses undergraduate and premed students, medical students, and students in other health professions, as well as physicians and other healthcare practitioners. It encourages them to (...)
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  30.  14
    Capital Investment by Independent and System-Affiliated Hospitals.Nathan W. Carroll, Dean G. Smith & John R. C. Wheeler - 2015 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 52:004695801559157.
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  31.  19
    How to choose your research organism.Michael R. Dietrich, Rachel A. Ankeny, Nathan Crowe, Sara Green & Sabina Leonelli - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 80:101227.
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  32. Mind-wandering as spontaneous thought: a dynamic framework.Christoff Kalina, Irving Zachary C., Fox Kieran, Spreng Nathan & Andrews-Hanna Jessica - 2016 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17:718–731.
    Most research on mind-wandering has characterized it as a mental state with contents that are task unrelated or stimulus independent. However, the dynamics of mind-wandering—how mental states change over time—have remained largely neglected. Here, we introduce a dynamic framework for understanding mind-wandering and its relationship to the recruitment of large-scale brain networks. We propose that mind-wandering is best understood as a member of a family of spontaneous-thought phenomena that also includes creative thought and dreaming. This dynamic framework can shed new (...)
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  33.  63
    Assessment of parental decision-making in neonatal cardiac research: a pilot study.A. T. Nathan, K. S. Hoehn, R. F. Ittenbach, J. W. Gaynor, S. Nicolson, G. Wernovsky & R. M. Nelson - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):106-110.
    Objective To assess parental permission for a neonate's research participation using the MacArthur competence assessment tool for clinical research (MacCAT-CR), specifically testing the components of understanding, appreciation, reasoning and choice. Study Design Quantitative interviews using study-specific MacCAT-CR tools. Hypothesis Parents of critically ill newborns would produce comparable MacCAT-CR scores to healthy adult controls despite the emotional stress of an infant with critical heart disease or the urgency of surgery. Parents of infants diagnosed prenatally would have higher MacCAT-CR scores than parents (...)
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  34.  40
    Protagoras’ great speech.A. R. Nathan - 2017 - Classical Quarterly 67 (2):380-399.
    This article seeks to present a detailed textual analysis of Protagoras’ Great Speech in Plato'sProtagoras. I will argue that the concept of ἀρετή as it appears in the Great Speech is whittled down to a vague notion of civic duty. In this respect, Protagoras is bringing himself in line with the democracy, but in doing so the ἀρετή he claims to teach loses much of its initial appeal, particularly in the eyes of his aristocratic clientele. Nevertheless, if thecontentof Protagoras’ Great (...)
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  35.  22
    Taste aversions induced by d-amphetamine: Dose-response relationship.B. A. Nathan & J. R. Vogel - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (3):287-288.
  36.  50
    The phasmid and the twig.Tobie Nathan & Devorah R. Karp - 2004 - Common Knowledge 10 (3):518-531.
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  37. An Intellectually Humbling Experience: Changes in interpersonal perception and cultural reasoning across a 5-week course.Hanna Gunn, Nathan Sheff, Benjamin R. Meagher & Daryl Van Tongeren - 2019 - Journal of Psychology and Theology 3 (47):217-229.
    Finding ways to foster intellectual humility (IH)—the willingness to own one’s limitations—is an important goal for facilitating effective learning. We report the results of a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study, conducted across six undergraduate, culturally diverse (58% racial/ethnic minority) introductory philosophy courses, that evaluates how social perceptions and cross-cultural reasoning change following a course on epistemology and social ethics. Critically, we manipulated whether each class received a standardized lesson in IH at the start of the course or not. Participants provided self-ratings of (...)
     
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  38.  9
    Educating the Prince: Essays in Honor of Harvey Mansfield.John Gibbons, Nathan Tarcov, Ralph Hancock, Jerry Weinberger, Paul A. Cantor, Mark Blitz, James W. Muller, Kenneth Weinstein, Clifford Orwin, Arthur Melzer, Susan Meld Shell, Peter Minowitz, James Stoner, Jeremy Rabkin, David F. Epstein, Charles R. Kesler, Glen E. Thurow, R. Shep Melnick, Jessica Korn & Robert P. Kraynak (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    For forty years, Harvey Mansfield has been worth reading. Whether plumbing the depths of MachiavelliOs Discourses or explaining what was at stake in Bill ClintonOs impeachment, MansfieldOs work in political philosophy and political science has set the standard. In Educating the Prince, twenty-one of his students, themselves distinguished scholars, try to live up to that standard. Their essays offer penetrating analyses of Machiavellianism, liberalism, and America., all of them informed by MansfieldOs own work. The volume also includes a bibliography of (...)
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  39.  50
    Trade‐Offs Between Grounded and Abstract Representations: Evidence From Algebra Problem Solving.Kenneth R. Koedinger, Martha W. Alibali & Mitchell J. Nathan - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (2):366-397.
    This article explores the complementary strengths and weaknesses of grounded and abstract representations in the domain of early algebra. Abstract representations, such as algebraic symbols, are concise and easy to manipulate but are distanced from any physical referents. Grounded representations, such as verbal descriptions of situations, are more concrete and familiar, and they are more similar to physical objects and everyday experience. The complementary computational characteristics of grounded and abstract representations lead to trade‐offs in problem‐solving performance. In prior research with (...)
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  40.  20
    Changes in the Social Responsibility Attitudes of Engineering Students Over Time.Angela R. Bielefeldt & Nathan E. Canney - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1535-1551.
    This research explored how engineering student views of their responsibility toward helping individuals and society through their profession, so-called social responsibility, change over time. A survey instrument was administered to students initially primarily in their first year, senior year, or graduate studies majoring in mechanical, civil, or environmental engineering at five institutions in September 2012, April 2013, and March 2014. The majority of the students did not change significantly in their social responsibility attitudes, but 23 % decreased and 20 % (...)
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  41.  66
    An Embedded Model for Ethics Consultation: Characteristics, Outcomes, and Challenges.Courtenay R. Bruce, Adam Peña, Betsy B. Kusin, Nathan G. Allen, Martin L. Smith & Mary A. Majumder - 2014 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 5 (3):8-18.
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  42.  6
    Progress or Pathology? Differential Diagnosis and Intervention Criteria for Meditation-Related Challenges: Perspectives From Buddhist Meditation Teachers and Practitioners.Jared R. Lindahl, David J. Cooper, Nathan E. Fisher, Laurence J. Kirmayer & Willoughby B. Britton - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  43.  30
    The ethics of animal research: a survey of pediatric health care workers.Ari R. Joffe, Meredith Bara, Natalie Anton & Nathan Nobis - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:20.
    Pediatric health care workers often perform, promote, and advocate use of public funds for animal research . We aim to determine whether HCW consider common arguments in support of AR convincing.
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  44.  15
    Intentions and Interpretations.Alfred R. Mele & Paisley Nathan Livingston - 1992 - MLN 107 (5):931-949.
    Even if everything is up for grabs in philosophy, some things are very difficult to doubt. It is hard to believe, for example, that no one ever acts intentionally. Even the most powerful arguments for the unreality of intentional action could do no more, we believe, than place one in roughly the position in which pre-Aristotelian Greeks found themselves when presented with one of Zeno's arguments that nothing can move from any given point A to any other point B. One (...)
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  45.  27
    The ethics of animal research: a survey of the public and scientists in North America.Ari R. Joffe, Meredith Bara, Natalie Anton & Nathan Nobis - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundTo determine whether the public and scientists consider common arguments in support of animal research convincing.MethodsAfter validation, the survey was sent to samples of public, Amazon Mechanical Turk, a Canadian city festival and children’s hospital), medical students, and scientists. We presented questions about common arguments to justify the moral permissibility of AR. Responses were compared using Chi-square with Bonferonni correction.ResultsThere were 1220 public [SSI, n = 586; AMT, n = 439; Festival, n = 195; Hospital n = 107], 194/331 medical (...)
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  46.  16
    Editorial: Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Descriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Perspectives.David R. Mandel, Gorka Navarrete, Nathan Dieckmann & Jonathan Nelson - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  47.  6
    Exploratory Investigation of Personal Influences on Educators’ Engagement in Engineering Ethics and Societal Impacts Instruction.Madeline Polmear, Angela R. Bielefeldt, Daniel Knight, Chris Swan & Nathan Canney - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3143-3165.
    Cultivating an understanding of ethical responsibilities and the societal impacts of technology is increasingly recognized as an important component in undergraduate engineering curricula. There is growing research on how ethics-related topics are taught and outcomes are attained, especially in the context of accreditation criteria. However, there is a lack of theoretical and empirical understanding of the role that educators play in ethics and societal impacts instruction and the factors that motivate and shape their inclusion of this subject in the courses (...)
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  48.  44
    “Systematizing” Ethics Consultation Services.Courtenay R. Bruce, Margot M. Eves, Nathan G. Allen, Martin L. Smith, Adam M. Peña, John R. Cheney & Mary A. Majumder - 2015 - HEC Forum 27 (1):35-45.
    While valuable work has been done addressing clinical ethics within established healthcare systems, we anticipate that the projected growth in acquisitions of community hospitals and facilities by large tertiary hospitals will impact the field of clinical ethics and the day-to-day responsibilities of clinical ethicists in ways that have yet to be explored. Toward the goal of providing clinical ethicists guidance on a range of issues that they may encounter in the systematization process, we discuss key considerations and potential challenges in (...)
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  49.  47
    Cardiovascular and nervous system changes during meditation.Steven R. Steinhubl, Nathan E. Wineinger, Sheila Patel, Debra L. Boeldt, Geoffrey Mackellar, Valencia Porter, Jacob T. Redmond, Evan D. Muse, Laura Nicholson, Deepak Chopra & Eric J. Topol - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  50.  50
    Expectations for methodology and translation of animal research: a survey of health care workers.Ari R. Joffe, Meredith Bara, Natalie Anton & Nathan Nobis - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):29.
    Health care workers often perform, promote, and advocate use of public funds for animal research ; therefore, an awareness of the empirical costs and benefits of animal research is an important issue for HCW. We aim to determine what health-care-workers consider should be acceptable standards of AR methodology and translation rate to humans.
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