Results for 'Spencer John Maxey'

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  1.  34
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Spencer John Maxey, Virgil Hinshaw Jr, Richard A. Quantz, Dorothy Huenecke, Lyle K. Eddy, Neil R. Dauler-Phinney, Brian J. Spittle, I. I. I. E. Sidney Vaughan, Loretta Petit, H. George Bonekemper & Kas Mazurek - 1981 - Educational Studies 11 (4):435-450.
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  2. Approaches to Strict and Constructive Liability in Continental Criminal Law.John R. Spencer & Antje Pedain - 2005 - In Andrew Simester (ed.), Appraising Strict Liability. Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  44
    Point of Contention: The Scriptural Basis for the Jehovah's Witnesses' Refusal of Blood Transfusions.John R. Spencer - 2002 - Christian Bioethics 8 (1):63-90.
    John R. Spencer; A Point of Contention: The Scriptural Basis for the Jehovah's Witnesses' Refusal of Blood Transfusions, Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Stu.
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  4.  43
    Defending Realism: Reflections on Karl Rogers's Metaphysics of Experimental Physics.John Spencer - 2007 - Journal of Critical Realism 6 (1):126-147.
    The main goal of this paper is to argue against Karl Rogers's attacks on realism in physics. Rogers argues that electrons do not exist independently of the relevant socio-technological process, but I show that such an assumption would make our best scientific theories incomprehensible. While the paper supports Rogers's attempts to refute positivism, it demonstrates that his own position is positivistic, and it corrects his overemphasis on the roles of technology and the experimenter. Rogers assumes that the founders of modern (...)
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  5.  42
    On Painting.Leon Battista Alberti, John R. Spencer, Creighton Gilbert, E. W. Dickes & Brian Battershaw - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (1):148-148.
  6.  7
    Alfred North Whitehead’s Philosophy of Values. [REVIEW]John B. Spencer - 1971 - Process Studies 1 (1):66-68.
  7.  17
    Freedom and responsibility in reproductive choice.John R. Spencer & Antje Du Bois-Pedain (eds.) - 2006 - Portland, Or.: Hart.
    What responsibilities, if any, do we have towards our genetic offspring, before or after birth and perhaps even before creation, merely by virtue of the genetic link? What claims, if any, arise from the mere genetic parental relation? Should society through its legal arrangements allow 'fatherless' or 'motherless' children to be born, as the current law on medically assisted reproduction involving gamete donation in some legal systems does? Does the possibility of establishing genetic parentage with practical certainty necessitate reform of (...)
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  8.  8
    Meland’s Alternative in Ethics.John B. Spencer - 1976 - Process Studies 6 (3):165-180.
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  9.  21
    Word-Object Learning via Visual Exploration in Space (WOLVES): A neural process model of cross-situational word learning.Ajaz A. Bhat, John P. Spencer & Larissa K. Samuelson - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (4):640-695.
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  10.  62
    Ut rhetorica pictura: A study in quattrocento theory of painting.John R. Spencer - 1957 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):26-44.
  11.  50
    The essence of cognitive development.John P. Spencer - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):62-63.
    Psychologists have long debated the underlying cause of infants' perseverative reaching. Thelen et al. explain the error in terms of general processes that make goal-directed actions to remembered locations. The context- and experience-dependent nature of their model implies that there is no single cause of the A-not-B error, and, more generally, no core essence to cognitive development.
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  12.  65
    Autonomy in Action: Linking the Act of Looking to Memory Formation in Infancy via Dynamic Neural Fields.Sammy Perone & John P. Spencer - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (1):1-60.
    Looking is a fundamental exploratory behavior by which infants acquire knowledge about the world. In theories of infant habituation, however, looking as an exploratory behavior has been deemphasized relative to the reliable nature with which looking indexes active cognitive processing. We present a new theory that connects looking to the dynamics of memory formation and formally implement this theory in a Dynamic Neural Field model that learns autonomously as it actively looks and looks away from a stimulus. We situate this (...)
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  13.  23
    On PaintingThe Sociology of Literary TasteThe Mathematical Basis of the ArtsThe Schillinger System of Musical Composition.Leon Battista Alberti, John R. Spencer, Creighton Gilbert, Levin Schucking, E. W. Dickes, Brian Battershaw, Thomas Munro & Joseph Schillinger - 1967 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (1):148.
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  14.  29
    Defending realism: Reflections on Karl Rogers’ *Metaphysics of Experimental Physics.John Spencer - 2007 - Journal of Critical Realism 6 (1):126-147.
    The main goal of this paper is to argue against Karl Rogers's attacks on realism in physics. Rogers argues that electrons do not exist independently of the relevant socio-technological process, but I show that such an assumption would make our best scientific theories incomprehensible. While the paper supports Rogers's attempts to refute positivism, it demonstrates that his own position is positivistic, and it corrects his overemphasis on the roles of technology and the experimenter. Rogers assumes that the founders of modern (...)
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  15.  37
    On Painting.Leon Battista Alberti, John R. Spencer, Leonardo da Vinci & A. Philip Mcmahon - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 15 (4):488-489.
  16.  17
    Getting it Wrong from the Beginning: Our Progressivist Inheritance from Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.Kieran Egan, Herbert Spencer, John Dewey & Jean Piaget - 2002 - Yale University Press.
    The ideas upon which public education was founded in the last half of the nineteenth century were wrong. And despite their continued dominance in educational thinking for a century and a half, these ideas are no more right today. So argues one of the most original and highly regarded educational theorists of our time in 'Getting It Wrong from the Beginning'. Kieran Egan explains how we have come to take mistaken concepts about education for granted and why this dooms our (...)
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  17.  23
    How do neural processes give rise to cognition? Simultaneously predicting brain and behavior with a dynamic model of visual working memory.Aaron T. Buss, Vincent A. Magnotta, Will Penny, Gregor Schöner, Theodore J. Huppert & John P. Spencer - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (2):362-395.
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  18.  13
    In the Shelter of Elyon.Paul E. Dion, W. Boyd Barrick & John R. Spencer - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (1):132.
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  19.  27
    On Painting.Gabriel Laderman, Leon Battista Alberti & John R. Spencer - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 3 (1):140.
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  20.  43
    Moving Word Learning to a Novel Space: A Dynamic Systems View of Referent Selection and Retention.K. Samuelson Larissa, C. Kucker Sarah & P. Spencer John - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):52-72.
    Theories of cognitive development must address both the issue of how children bring their knowledge to bear on behavior in-the-moment, and how knowledge changes over time. We argue that seeking answers to these questions requires an appreciation of the dynamic nature of the developing system in its full, reciprocal complexity. We illustrate this dynamic complexity with results from two lines of research on early word learning. The first demonstrates how the child's active engagement with objects and people supports referent selection (...)
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  21.  27
    Moving Word Learning to a Novel Space: A Dynamic Systems View of Referent Selection and Retention.Larissa K. Samuelson, Sarah C. Kucker & John P. Spencer - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S1):52-72.
    Theories of cognitive development must address both the issue of how children bring their knowledge to bear on behavior in‐the‐moment, and how knowledge changes over time. We argue that seeking answers to these questions requires an appreciation of the dynamic nature of the developing system in its full, reciprocal complexity. We illustrate this dynamic complexity with results from two lines of research on early word learning. The first demonstrates how the child's active engagement with objects and people supports referent selection (...)
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  22.  32
    The role of experience in location estimation: Target distributions shift location memory biases.John Lipinski, Vanessa R. Simmering, Jeffrey S. Johnson & John P. Spencer - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):147-153.
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  23.  17
    On PaintingTreatise on Painting.Creighton Gilbert, Leon Battista Alberti, John R. Spencer, Leonardo da Vinci & A. Philip McMahon - 1957 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 15 (4):488.
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  24.  39
    Come down from the clouds: Grounding Bayesian insights in developmental and behavioral processes.Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson & John P. Spencer - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):204-206.
    According to Jones & Love (J&L), Bayesian theories are too often isolated from other theories and behavioral processes. Here, we highlight examples of two types of isolation from the field of word learning. Specifically, Bayesian theories ignore emergence, critical to development theory, and have not probed the behavioral details of several key phenomena, such as the effect.
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  25.  18
    Tell el-Hesi: The Muslim Cemetery in Fields V and VI/IX.Carolyn Kane, Kenneth J. Eakins, John R. Spencer & Kevin G. O'Connell - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (1):176.
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  26.  75
    Grounding Cognitive‐Level Processes in Behavior: The View From Dynamic Systems Theory.Larissa K. Samuelson, Gavin W. Jenkins & John P. Spencer - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):191-205.
    Marr's seminal work laid out a program of research by specifying key questions for cognitive science at different levels of analysis. Because dynamic systems theory focuses on time and interdependence of components, DST research programs come to very different conclusions regarding the nature of cognitive change. We review a specific DST approach to cognitive-level processes: dynamic field theory. We review research applying DFT to several cognitive-level processes: object permanence, naming hierarchical categories, and inferring intent, that demonstrate the difference in understanding (...)
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  27.  14
    Learning words in space and time: Contrasting models of the suspicious coincidence effect.Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Will Penny & John P. Spencer - 2021 - Cognition 210 (C):104576.
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  28.  46
    Non‐Bayesian Noun Generalization in 3‐ to 5‐Year‐Old Children: Probing the Role of Prior Knowledge in the Suspicious Coincidence Effect. [REVIEW]Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Jodi R. Smith & John P. Spencer - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (2):268-306.
    It is unclear how children learn labels for multiple overlapping categories such as “Labrador,” “dog,” and “animal.” Xu and Tenenbaum suggested that learners infer correct meanings with the help of Bayesian inference. They instantiated these claims in a Bayesian model, which they tested with preschoolers and adults. Here, we report data testing a developmental prediction of the Bayesian model—that more knowledge should lead to narrower category inferences when presented with multiple subordinate exemplars. Two experiments did not support this prediction. Children (...)
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  29.  16
    The Role of Experience in Location Estimation: Target Distributions Shift Location Memory Biases.John P. Spencer John Lipinski, Vanessa R. Simmering, Jeffrey S. Johnson - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):147.
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  30. The Art of Logick Delivered in the Precepts of Aristotle and Ramus.Thomas Spencer, Nicholas Bourne & John Dawson - 1628 - Printed by John Dawson for Nicholas Bourne, at the South Entrance of the Royall Exchange.
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  31.  6
    The relativity of knowledge.Herbert Spencer & John Watson - 1877 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 11 (1):19 - 48.
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  32. Joannis Miltoni Angli, Artis Logicae Plenior Institutio, Ad Petri Rami Methodum Concinnata Adiecta Est Praxis Annalytica [Sic] & Petri Rami Vita. Libris Duobus.John Milton & Spencer Hickman - 1672 - Impensis Spencer Hickman ..
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  33.  34
    Measuring the relative importances of social responsibility components: A decision modeling approach. [REVIEW]Barbara A. Spencer & John K. Butler - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):573 - 577.
    In this study, a decision modeling approach is used to measure the relative importances of four social responsibility components. When given information concerning the economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic activities of 16 hypothetical organizations, 159 junior and senior management students judged the social responsibility of these firms. The study used two types of analysis: first, a within-subject regression, then a between-subject ANOVA. Results showed ethical behavior to be most important in judging social responsibility; legal behavior was second, discretionary behavior third, (...)
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  34.  16
    Onward and upward.John Stenhouse, Hamish Spencer & Paul E. Griffiths - 1998 - Metascience 7 (1):52-64.
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  35. The worlds of the earth.John Spencer Hall - 1902 - London,: Digby, Long & co..
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  36.  14
    The complexity of random ordered structures.Joel Spencer & Katherine St John - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 152 (1-3):174-179.
    We show that for random bit strings, Up, with probability, image, the first order quantifier depth D) needed to distinguish non-isomorphic structures is Θ, with high probability. Further, we show that, with high probability, for random ordered graphs, G≤,p with edge probability image, D)=Θ, contrasting with the results for random graphs, Gp, given by Kim et al. [J.H. Kim, O. Pikhurko, J. Spencer, O. Verbitsky, How complex are random graphs in first order logic? Random Structures and Algorithms 26 119–145] (...)
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  37.  40
    The motives, benefits, and problems of conversion to organic production.John Cranfield, Spencer Henson & James Holliday - 2010 - Agriculture and Human Values 27 (3):291-306.
    Using data from a survey of certified organic or in-transition to organic vegetable and dairy producers in Canada, we seek to understand a farmer’s decision to convert to organic production by exploring the motives, problems and challenges, and benefits of transition to organic. Results suggest that health and safety concerns and environmental issues are the predominant motives for conversion, while economic motives are of lesser importance. In contrast to the extant literature, results suggest that the motives underlying transition have not (...)
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  38.  45
    Quality control for hospitals' clinical ethics services: proposed standards.Cavin P. Leeman, John C. Fletcher, Edward M. Spencer & Sigrid Fry-Revere - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):257-.
    Hospital ethics committees have become widespread over the last 25 years, stimulated by the Quinlan decision of the New Jersey Supreme Court, the report of a President's Commission, and most recently by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations , which now man dates that each hospital seeking accreditation have a functioning process for the consideration of ethical issues in patient care. Laws and regulations in several states require that hospitals establish ethics committees, and some states stipulate that (...)
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  39.  9
    Elements of an Ethics Consultation.Edward M. Spencer & John C. Fletcher - 2019 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 30 (2):128-130.
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  40.  6
    The world as force.Herbert Spencer & John Watson - 1879 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 13 (2):151 - 179.
  41.  29
    The complexity of random ordered structures.Joel H. Spencer & Katherine St John - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 152 (1):174-179.
    We show that for random bit strings, Up, with probability, image, the first order quantifier depth D) needed to distinguish non-isomorphic structures is Θ, with high probability. Further, we show that, with high probability, for random ordered graphs, G≤,p with edge probability image, D)=Θ, contrasting with the results for random graphs, Gp, given by Kim et al. [J.H. Kim, O. Pikhurko, J. Spencer, O. Verbitsky, How complex are random graphs in first order logic? Random Structures and Algorithms 26 119–145] (...)
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  42.  11
    Equivocation and Impracticality in Spyridon Palermos’ “Data, Metadata, Mental Data? Privacy and the Extended Mind”.Alexander John Eugene Spencer - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (2):99-101.
    In a recent article, Spyridon Palermos claims there is a significant difference between ordinary data (“the contents of electronic communications”) and mental data (Palermos 2023). He defines “ment...
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  43. The world as force.Herbert Spencer & John Watson - 1878 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 12 (2):113-137.
     
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  44.  14
    Quality Control for Hospitals' Clinical Ethics Services: Proposed Standards.Cavin P. Leeman, John C. Fletcher, Edward M. Spencer & Sigrid Fry-Revere - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):257-268.
    Hospital ethics committees have become widespread over the last 25 years, stimulated by the Quinlan decision of the New Jersey Supreme Court, the report of a President's Commission, and most recently by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations, which now man dates that each hospital seeking accreditation have a functioning process for the consideration of ethical issues in patient care. Laws and regulations in several states require that hospitals establish ethics committees, and some states stipulate that certain (...)
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  45.  82
    Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room.Slawomir J. Nasuto, John Mark Bishop, Etienne B. Roesch & Matthew C. Spencer - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):209-223.
    John Searle’s Chinese Room Argument purports to demonstrate that syntax is not sufficient for semantics, and, hence, because computation cannot yield understanding, the computational theory of mind, which equates the mind to an information processing system based on formal computations, fails. In this paper, we use the CRA, and the debate that emerged from it, to develop a philosophical critique of recent advances in robotics and neuroscience. We describe results from a body of work that contributes to blurring the (...)
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  46. John Stuart Mill: His Life and Works, 12 Sketches by H. Spencer [and Others].Herbert Spencer - 1873
  47.  27
    The Glacial Theory.Martin John Spencer Rudwick - 1969 - History of Science 8 (1):136.
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  48.  20
    The Evolution of Pragmatism in India: Ambedkar, Dewey, and the Rhetoric of Reconstruction by Scott R. Stroud (review).Albert R. Spencer - 2024 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 59 (4):456-462.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:The Evolution of Pragmatism in India: Ambedkar, Dewey, and the Rhetoric of Reconstruction by Scott R. StroudAlbert R. SpencerBy Scott R. StroudThe Evolution of Pragmatism in India: Ambedkar, Dewey, and the Rhetoric of Reconstruction Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2023. 302 pp., incl. indexMore scholarly attention needs to be paid to the mutual influences between Asian and American thought, especially with regards to the development, (...)
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  49.  43
    The Modal Octagon and John Buridan's Modal Ontology.Spencer Johnston - 2016 - In Jean-Yves Béziau & Gianfranco Basti (eds.), The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought. Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser. pp. 35-52.
    In this paper we will argue that the ontology implicit in John Buridan’s modal octagon commits him to a form of contingentism. In particular, we will argue that Buridan is committed to denying the validity of the Barcan and converse Barcan formulae.
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  50.  16
    Evaluating a Modular Approach to Therapy for Children With Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, or Conduct Problems (MATCH) in School-Based Mental Health Care: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.Sherelle L. Harmon, Maggi A. Price, Katherine A. Corteselli, Erica H. Lee, Kristina Metz, F. Tony Bonadio, Jacqueline Hersh, Lauren K. Marchette, Gabriela M. Rodríguez, Jacquelyn Raftery-Helmer, Kristel Thomassin, Sarah Kate Bearman, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Spencer C. Evans & John R. Weisz - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Introduction: Schools have become a primary setting for providing mental health care to youths in the U.S. School-based interventions have proliferated, but their effects on mental health and academic outcomes remain understudied. In this study we will implement and evaluate the effects of a flexible multidiagnostic treatment called Modular Approach to Therapy for Children with Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, or Conduct Problems on students' mental health and academic outcomes.Methods and Analysis: This is an assessor-blind randomized controlled effectiveness trial conducted across five (...)
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