44 found
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  1. Forms of Mathematization: (14th-17th Centuries).Sophie Roux - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (4-5):319-337.
    According to a grand narrative that long ago ceased to be told, there was a seventeenth century Scientific Revolution, during which a few heroes conquered nature thanks to mathematics. When this grand narrative was brought into question, our perspectives on the question of mathematization should have changed. It seems, however, that they were instead set aside, both because of a general distrust towards sweeping narratives that are always subject to the suspicion that they overlook the unyielding complexity of real history, (...)
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  2.  15
    Forms of Mathematization (14th -17th Centuries).Sophie Roux - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (4-5):319-337.
    According to a grand narrative that long ago ceased to be told, there was a seventeenth century Scientific Revolution, during which a few heroes conquered nature thanks to mathematics. This grand narrative began with the exhibition of quantitative laws that these heroes, Galileo and Newton for example, had disclosed: the law of falling bodies, according to which the speed of a falling body is proportional to the square of the time that has elapsed since the beginning of its fall; the (...)
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  3.  62
    Thought Experiments in Methodological and Historical Contexts.Katerina Ierodiakonou & Sophie Roux (eds.) - 2011 - Brill.
    Thought experiments being central to contemporary philosophy and science, the following questions were asked in recent literature. What is their definition? Are they heuristic devices, arguments, paradoxes? Are they comparable to real experiments? Do intuition and conceivability intervene? Equally imaginative thought experiments are found in ancient, medieval, and Renaissance texts. Paying attention to prime historical examples of thought experiments, we show that historical perspectives help answer these general questions.
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  4.  23
    What to Do with the Mechanical Philosophy?Sophie Roux - 2022 - In David Marshall Miller & Dana Jalobeanu (eds.), Cambridge History of Philosophy of the Scientific Revolution.
    The mechanical philosophy that emerged during the Scientific Revolution can be characterised as a reductionism according to which all physical phenomena are to be explained in terms of corpuscles of different sizes, shapes, and motions. It provided early modern natural philosophers with a unified view of nature that contrasted primarily with the Aristotelian view of nature, but also with other naturalist, hermetic, mystic, occultist, Paracelsian, and chymical accounts. Indeed, early modern natural philosophers devised mechanical explanations of almost every kind of (...)
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  5.  12
    The Mechaniziation of Natural Philosophy.Daniel Garber & Sophie Roux (eds.) - 2012 - Springer.
    Voir : https://philosophie.ens.fr/Dir-avec-D-Garber-The-Mechanisation-of-Natural-Philosophy.html.
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  6. Le scepticisme et les hypothèses de la physique.Sophie Roux - 1998 - Revue de Synthèse 119 (2-3):211-255.
    The History of scepticism from Erasmus to Spinoza is often called upon to support three theses: first, that Descartes had a dogmatic notion of systematic knowledge, and therefore of physics; second, that the hypothetical epistemology of physics which spread during the xviith century was the result of a general sceptical crisis; third, that this epistemology was more successful in England than in France. I reject these three theses: I point first to the tension in Descartes’ works between the ideal of (...)
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  7. L'Essai de logique de Mariotte: archéologie des idées d'un savant ordinaire.Sophie Roux - 2011 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    On sait peu de choses d’Edme Mariotte, membre de l’Académie royale des sciences de 1668 à 1684. Une analyse de son Essai de logique montre cependant que, pour défendre ses pratiques expérimentales, il s’appropria des bribes venues de différentes traditions intellectuelles. Ainsi, ce livre examine ce qu’on entendait par « méthode » à la fin du XVIIe siècle, les épistémologies de la physique qui s’affrontaient alors, quelques débats ouverts par la gestion de l’héritage cartésien. Mais l’essentiel sera peut-être la question (...)
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  8.  11
    From the Mechanical Philosophy to Early Modern Mechanisms.Sophie Roux - 2017 - In Stuart Glennan & Phyllis McKay Illari (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 26-45.
    Early modern natural philosophers put forward the ontological program that was called "mechanical philosophy" and they gave mechanical explanations for all kinds of phenomena, such as gravity, magnetism, the colors of the rainbow, the circulation of the blood, the motion of the heart and the development of animals. For a generation of historians, the mechanical philosophy was regarded as the main alternative to Aristotelian orthodoxy during the so-called Scientific Revolution and mechanical explanations were presented as paving the way for the (...)
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  9.  14
    An empire divided: french natural philosophy (1670-1690).Sophie Roux - 2012 - In Dan Garber & Sophie Roux (eds.), The Mechanization of Natural Philosophy. pp. 55-98.
    During the seventeenth century there were different ways of opposing the new mechanical philosophy and the old Aristotelian philosophy. Remarkably enough, one of this way succeeded in becoming stable beyond the moment of its formulation, one according to which Descartes would be the benchmark by which the works of other natural philosophers of the seventeenth century fall either on the side of the old or the new. I consequently examine the French debate where this representation emerges, a debate that took (...)
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  10. Introduction : the emergence of the notion of thought experiments.Sophie Roux - 2011 - In Katerina Ierodiakonou & Sophie Roux (eds.), Thought Experiments in Methodological and Historical Contexts. Brill.
    Roux begins by exploring the texts in which the origins of the scientific notion of thought experiments are usually said to be found. Her general claim is simple: the emergence of the notion of thought experiments relies on a succession of misunderstandings and omissions. She then examines, in a more systematic perspective, the three characteristics of the broad category of thought experiments nowadays in circulation: thought experiments are counterfactual, they involve a concrete scenario and they have a well-delimited cognitive intention. (...)
     
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  11.  8
    Physics and Metaphysics in Descartes and in His Reception.Delphine Antoine-Mahut & Sophie Roux (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    This volume explores the relationship between physics and metaphysics in Descartes' philosophy. According to the standard account, Descartes modified the objects of metaphysics and physics and inverted the order in which these two disciplines were traditionally studied. This book challenges the standard account in which Descartes prioritizes metaphysics over physics. It does so by taking into consideration the historical reception of Descartes and the ways in which Descartes himself reacted to these receptions in his own lifetime. The book stresses the (...)
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  12. A French Partition of the Empire of Natural Philosophy (1670-1690).Sophie Roux - 2013 - In Garber and Roux (ed.), The Mechanization of Natural Philosophy. pp. 55-98.
    During the seventeenth century there were different ways of opposing the new mechanical philosophy and the old Aristotelian philosophy. Remarkably enough, one of this way succeeded in becoming stable beyond the moment of its formulation, one according to which Descartes would be the benchmark by which the works of other natural philosophers of the seventeenth century fall either on the side of the old or the new. I consequently examine the French debate where this representation emerges, a debate that took (...)
     
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  13.  24
    Everything You Always Wanted to Know About the Summa quadripartita that Descartes Never Wrote.Sophie Roux - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (5):563-578.
    Roger Ariew's new book, Descartes and the First Cartesians, will not be a methodological surprise for those who already read his previous work, Descartes and the Last Scholastics, as well as its expanded version, Descartes Among the Scholastics. Right at the beginning of DAS, Ariew justified the title of this book in the following way: A philosophical system cannot be studied adequately apart from the intellectual context in which it is situated. Philosophers do not usually utter propositions in a vacuum, (...)
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  14. Les lois de la nature à l''ge classique la question terminologique.Sophie Roux - 2001 - Revue de Synthèse 122 (2-4):531-576.
    Four propositions relative to the laws of nature in the classical period must be noted. 1. Certain regularities in phenomena had been discovered. 2. A concept of law had emerged. 3. Classical science is characterized by the introduction of the notion of the legality of nature. 4. New uses of the word «law» had appeared in scientific texts. This article is devoted to the analysis of only this last proposition, that is to say to a terminological problem. First we will (...)
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  15.  27
    Mechanics and natural philosophy before the scientific revolution.Walter Roy Laird & Sophie Roux (eds.) - 2008 - London: Springer.
    This volume deals with a variety of moments in the history of mechanics when conflicts arose within one textual tradition, between different traditions, or ...
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  16. Cartesian Mechanics.Sophie Roux - 2004 - In Palmerino and Thijssen (ed.), The Reception of the Galilean Science of Motion in Europe. pp. 25-66.
    In the history of the scientific revolution, Descartes is often considered as the mechanical philosopher par excellence, and opposed as such to the founder of mechanical science, that is to say, Galileo: this cliché is not without foundation, but it must not make us forget that Descartes was himself a practitioner of mechanical science. In the article "Cartesian Mechanics" I detail the meaning and reach of "mechanics" in the Cartesian corpus, and do so in three steps. 1. I begin by (...)
     
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  17. Littéraires et scientifiques: trivialiser n'est pas sans danger.Sophie Roux - 2007 - In Retours sur l'affaire Sokal. Paris: Harmattan. pp. 89--132.
    Sophie Roux confronte la critique du « sokalisme » qu’on trouve dans La Querelle des imposteurs d’Yves Jeanneret et la manière dont Impostures intellectuelles dessine le partage entre « littéraires » et « scientifiques ».
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  18.  21
    The Two Comets of 1664-1665 : A Dispersive Prism for French Natural Philosophy Principles.Sophie Roux - 2017 - In Peter R. Anstey (ed.), The Idea of Principles in Early Modern Thought,. pp. 98-146.
    In November 1664, a comet appeared in the European skies; by early March 1665, it had disappeared, but, at this very moment, another comet appeared, which stayed among the stars until mid-April. Observations of these two comets were made all over Europe, and even beyond. Although most secondary literature dedicated to these two comets has been focused on England and Italy, France was not to be outdone in terms of observations, small talk and publications. In this paper, I would like (...)
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  19. D'une affaire aux autres.Josquin Debaz & Sophie Roux - 2007 - In Sophie Roux (ed.), Retours sur l'affaire Sokal. Paris: Harmattan. pp. 1--48.
    L’article « D’une Affaire aux autres » de Josquin Debaz et Sophie Roux, montre combien il est difficile de délimiter ce qu’on appelle « l’Affaire Sokal » et analyse, par un recensement aussi systématique que possible des articles de presse, la différence entre l’affaire américaine et l’affaire française.
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  20.  22
    Une histoire intellectuelle de la tripartition notion, concept, idée selon les dictionnaires philosophiques.Sophie Roux - 2022 - Revue de Synthèse 144 (3-4):279-322.
    Résumé Cet article esquisse une généalogie du privilège que le terme concept a acquis en français par rapport à notion et à idée en se fondant non seulement sur les ouvrages des philosophes, mais sur des dictionnaires de langue philosophique. Il comprend quatre parties chronologiques. Après avoir étudié l’introduction des termes concept, notion, idée dans la langue philosophique, la première partie répertorie leurs usages dans les dictionnaires scolastiques du SVIIe siècle. La deuxième montre que Descartes a imposé idée en donnant (...)
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  21.  10
    La mathématisation comme problème.Hugues Chabot & Sophie Roux (eds.) - 2011 - Paris (France): Édiitons des Archives contemporaines.
    L'histoire des sciences suffit à réfuter la thèse de la mathématisation impossible, selon laquelle la mathématisation procéderait d'un formalisme abstrait manquant les choses mêmes ou la spécificité d'un domaine d'objets. Cette histoire montre en effet qu'on n'a pas cessé de mathématiser des choses dont il avait été longtemps dit qu'elles devaient, étant donné leur nature, éternellement résister à la mathématisation. À la thèse de la mathématisation impossible, il est dès lors tentant d'opposer la thèse de la mathématisation inéluctable, selon laquelle (...)
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  22.  26
    Histoire de la philosophie.Laurence Devillairs, Sophie Roux, Pascal Séverac, Gabrielle Radica, Luc Ruiz, Mai Lequan, Jean-François Goubet, Jean-Marc Rohrbasser & Sophie Nordmann - 2001 - Revue de Synthèse 122 (1):207-232.
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  23.  44
    Comptes rendus.Jean-Marc Drouin, Patrick Gautier Dalché, Fabien Chareix, Charles Lenay, Monique Cottret, Bernard Vandewalle, François Laplanche, Françoise Waquet, Agnès Spiquel, Ariane Poulantzas, Olivier Martin, Sophie Roux, Ilana Löwy, Isabelle Brian, Michel Cassan, Jean-Marc Rohrbasser, Jean-Michel Vienne, Marc Renneville, Bernard Lahire, Mikhaäl Xifaras, Bertrand Binoche, Stéphane Haber, Jean-François Pradeau, Noël Bonneuil & Marie Jaisson - 1997 - Revue de Synthèse 118 (4):551-613.
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  24.  4
    Un colloque international « L'automate: modèle, machine, merveille ».Aurélia Gaillard, Jean-Yves Goffi, Bernard Roukhomovsky & Sophie Roux - 2009 - Revue de Synthèse 130 (1):217-219.
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  25. On the very idea of a thought experiment.Jean-Yves Goffi & Sophie Roux - 2011 - In Katerina Ierodiakonou & Sophie Roux (eds.), Thought Experiments in Methodological and Historical Contexts. Brill.
    Goffi and Roux are interested in what makes some thought experiments work, while others do not work. They do not attempt to draw an a priori line between two types of thought experiments, but rather ask the following question: inasmuch as thought experiments are arguments, and notwithstanding the fact that some of them might involve the contemplation of an imaginary scenario, how is it that some of them work, while others do not? Taking inspiration from a counterfactual thought experiment presented (...)
     
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  26.  5
    Physics and metaphysics in Descartes and in his reception.Delphine Kolesnik-Antoine & Sophie Roux (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.
    This volume explores the relationship between physics and metaphysics in Descartes’ philosophy. According to the standard account, Descartes modified the objects of metaphysics and physics and inverted the order in which these two disciplines were traditionally studied. This book challenges the standard account in which Descartes prioritizes metaphysics over physics. It does so by taking into consideration the historical reception of Descartes and the ways in which Descartes himself reacted to these receptions in his own lifetime. The book stresses the (...)
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  27.  23
    Présentation.Irène Passeron & Sophie Roux - 2001 - Revue de Synthèse 122 (2-4):271-286.
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  28.  7
    A Deflationist Solution to the Problem of Forces.Sophie Roux - 2018 - In Delphine Antoine-Mahut & Sophie Roux (eds.), Physics and Metaphysics in Descartes and in His Reception. New York: Routledge. pp. 141-159.
    The ontological status of forces and their causal role in Descartes’ physical world is debated among Descartes scholars. The question of forces is embedded in another more general question, namely to determine which causal activity should be attributed to God, and which causal activity should be attributed to physical bodies. Three distinct positions were attributed to Descartes: 1. he was an occasionalist and he attributed no causal power to forces, 2. he was a pure conservationist and he conceived forces as (...)
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  29.  10
    Exact Experiences and Mathematical Deductions: Physics according to Mariotte.Sophie Roux - 2010 - In Felix Meiner Verlag (ed.), Departure for Modern Europ. Philosophy between 1400 and 1700. pp. 715-733.
    Leaving aside here the question of the author of the Essai de logique, I show that, if Mariotte insisted on the specificity of physics, he also sought a certain inspiration in mathematics as to the way in which to lay out the propositions in a proof. To do so, I start off from the ontological distinction made in the Essai among three types of possibles; next we will show that the three types of propositions correspond to three types of knowledge, (...)
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  30.  5
    Introduction to the volume The Mechanization of Natural Philosophy.Sophie Roux & Daniel Garber - unknown
    The mechanical (or corpuscular philosophy) has been well-established as a historiographical category for some years now. While it certainly began as an actor’s category, it has slipped into being something else, a kind of broad catch-all category that is taken to include most of those who opposed the Aristotelian philosophy of the schools throughout the entire seventeenth century, part of a broad master narrative about the demise of the scholastic Aristotelian philosophy of the schools and the rise of modern mathematical (...)
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  31.  34
    L'Art D'Etre Classique.Sophie Roux - 2001 - Early Science and Medicine 6 (1):39-45.
  32.  11
    L'art D'etre Classique.Sophie Roux - 2001 - Early Science and Medicine 6 (1):39-45.
  33.  5
    Logique et méthode au xviie siècle.Sophie Roux - 2012 - Les Cahiers Philosophiques de Strasbourg 32:21-45.
    I begin by briefly recalling two facts of seventeenth century intellectual history: not only is a fourth part devoted to method added to the three parts traditionally contained in logic treatises, but in a number of texts the terms "logic" and "method" are blurred. I then give an explanation of these two facts with the following ideas: 1/ Since the criticism of Aristotelian sciences at the beginning of the seventeenth century was in particular focused on logic, the question was asked (...)
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  34.  15
    Mechanism. A visual, lexical and conceptual history: by Domenico Bertoloni Meli, Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2019, xii + 188 pp., $50.00 (hardcover), ISBN 978-0-8229-4547-9.Sophie Roux - 2022 - Annals of Science 79 (3):411-413.
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  35. Meyerson et les mathématiques.Sophie Roux - 2010 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 58:3-38.
    Mes réflexions sur Meyerson et les mathématiques ont pour origine trois questions : 1) Une idée reçue est que, des trois synthèses de Meyerson -- Identité et réalité, De l'explication dans les sciences et Du cheminement de la pensée -- , seule la dernière analyse les mathématiques, en elles-mêmes aussi bien que dans leurs rapports avec la pensée. La première question est donc de déterminer si cette idée reçue est correcte ou bien si l'on peut trouver dans les deux autres (...)
     
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  36.  12
    À propos du colloque « The Machine as Model and Metaphor » Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte Berlin, novembre 2006.Sophie Roux - 2009 - Revue de Synthèse 130 (1):165-175.
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  37.  20
    Retours sur l'affaire Sokal.Sophie Roux (ed.) - 2007 - Paris: Harmattan.
    On appelle « Affaire Sokal » l’ensemble de controverses que suscitèrent la publication en 1996 d’une parodie écrite par un physicien américain, Alan Sokal, puis, en 1997, de l’ouvrage Impostures intellectuelles, qu’il co-signa avec un physicien belge, Jean Bricmont. Dans Retours sur l’Affaire Sokal¸ des historiens des sciences reviennent sur cette affaire. Ils montrent qu’elle recouvre différentes controverses et qu’il faut distinguer ces dernières non seulement selon la nature des écrits qui les ont occasionnées, mais aussi en fonction des questions (...)
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  38. The condemnations of Cartesian natural philosophy under Louis XIV (1661-91).Sophie Roux - 2019 - In Steven Nadler, Tad M. Schmaltz & Delphine Antoine-Mahut (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
     
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  39.  29
    Histoire intellectuelle du xviiie siècle.Mariana Saad, Anne Lagny, Bruno Neveu, Françoise Waquet, Elsa Dorlin & Sophie Roux - 2001 - Revue de Synthèse 122 (2-4):688-705.
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  40.  80
    The enigma of the inclined plane from Heron to Galileo.Sophie Roux & Egidio Festa - 2008 - In W. R. Laird & S. Roux (eds.), Mechanics and Natural Philosophy Before the Scientific Revolution. pp. 195-222.
    Festa, E., Roux, S. (2008). The Enigma of the Inclined Plane from Heron to Galileo. In: Laird, W.R., Roux, S. (eds) Mechanics and Natural Philosophy Before the Scientific Revolution. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol 254. Springer, Dordrecht.
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  41. Everything You Always Wanted to Know About the Summa quadripartita that Descartes Never Wrote. [REVIEW]Sophie Roux - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (1):171-186.
    Essay review of Roger Ariew, Descartes and the first Cartesians. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014. xix + 236 S.
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  42. Un Manifeste Pour l’Histoire Intellectuelle. Le Dictionnaire des Concepts Nomades. [REVIEW]Sophie Roux - 2012 - Revue de Synthèse 133 (3):393-400.
  43.  40
    Between the Arsenal and the Cabinet: A Story Whose Heroes are Objects. [REVIEW]Sophie Roux - 2009 - Metascience 18 (1):69-73.
  44.  9
    Mechanism. A visual, lexical and conceptual history: by Domenico Bertoloni Meli, Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2019, xii + 188 pp., $50.00 (hardcover), ISBN 978-0-8229-4547-9. [REVIEW]Sophie Roux - 2022 - Annals of Science 79 (3):411-413.
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