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Sophia Connell [14]Sophia M. Connell [11]Sophia Elliott Connell [1]
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Sophia Connell
Birkbeck, University of London
  1.  3
    Aristotle on Female Animals: A Study of the Generation of Animals.Sophia M. Connell - 2015 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's account of female nature has received mostly negative treatment, emphasising what he says females cannot do. Building on recent research, this book comprehensively revises such readings, setting out the complex and positive role played by the female in Aristotle's thought with a particular focus on the longest surviving treatise on reproduction in the ancient corpus, the Generation of Animals. It provides new interpretations of the nature of Aristotle's sexism, his theory of male and female interaction in generation, and his (...)
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  2.  55
    Nurture and Parenting in Aristotelian Ethics.Sophia Connell - 2019 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 119 (2):179-200.
    For Aristotle, in making the deliberate choice to incorporate the extensive requirements of the young into the aims of one’s life, people realise their own good. In this paper I will argue that this is a promising way to think about the ethics of care and parenting. Modern theories, which focus on duty and obligation, direct our attention to conflicts of interests in our caring activities. Aristotle’s explanation, in contrast, explains how nurturing others not only develops a core part of (...)
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  3.  28
    Toward an Integrated Approach to Aristotle as a Biological Philosopher.Sophia M. Connell - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (2):297 - 322.
    EVER SINCE BALME’S GROUNDBREAKING WORK on the subject, there has been substantial progress in our understanding of the importance of biology in Aristotle’s philosophy. Despite a certain reluctance to incorporate treatises on animals into the undergraduate curriculum, it is now inadvisable to avoid any reference to Aristotle’s biological work when discussing most aspects of his thought. The new tendency of scholarship on Aristotle’s biology employs various methodologies but, in the main, argues for the importance of Aristotle’s biological treatises on the (...)
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  4.  85
    Aristotle and Galen on Sex Difference and Reproduction: A New Approach to an Ancient Rivalry.Sophia M. Connell - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (3):405-427.
    In contrast to Aristotle's male oriented explanation of procreation the Galenic was 'feminist' inasmuch as both sexes were presented as contributing equally in conception and accordingly both had to experience pleasure... Anatomically, the two sexes were presented in Galenic accounts as complementary, the difference being that the man's genitalia were on the outside and the woman's on the inside. The clitoris was likened to the penis and the ovaries considered 'testicles' or 'stones' that produced seed. The male seed was, it (...)
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  5.  8
    Aristotelische Biologie: Intentionen, Methoden, Ergebnisse. [REVIEW]Sophia Elliott Connell, W. Kullmann & S. Follinger - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:169-169.
  6.  21
    Aristotle’s Anthropology: Edited by Geert Keil and Nora Kreft, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Pp. Ix + 295, £75.00 (Hb), ISBN: 978-1107192690.Sophia M. Connell - 2021 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 29 (1):181-184.
    This volume collects research essays varying in style and quality. Some are broad-ranging while others are focused on specific interpretative issues. Despite what one might expect given the title,...
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  7.  15
    Alice Ambrose and Early Analytic Philosophy.Sophia M. Connell - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-24.
    Alice Ambrose (1906–2001) is best known as Wittgenstein’s student during the 1930s. Her association with probably the most famous philosopher of the twentieth century contributes to her obscurity. Ambrose is referred to in historiography of this period as ‘follower’ or ‘disciple’ but never considered in her own right as a philosopher. The neglect of her place in the history of philosophy needs to be resisted. This paper explores some of Ambrose’s most interesting ideas from the early 1950s, when she developed (...)
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  8.  15
    Aristotle’s Explanations of Monstrous Births and Deformities in Generation of Animals 4.4.Sophia Connell - 2018 - In A. Falcon & D. Lefebvre (eds.), Aristotle's Generation of Animals: A Critical Guide. Cambridge, U.K: Cambridge University Press. pp. 207-223.
    Given that they are chance events, there can be no scientific demonstration or knowledge of monsters. There are still, however, many recognizable elements of scientific explanation in Aristotle's Generation of Animals Book IV chapter 4. What happens in cases of monsters and deformities occurs in the process of generation, and there is much that we can know scientifically about this process—working from the animal’s essential attributes outward to factors that influence these processes. In particular, we find Aristotle looking for and (...)
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  9.  62
    Aristotle for the Modern Ethicist.Sophia Connell - 2019 - Ancient Philosophy Today 1 (2):192-214.
    Elizabeth Anscombe and Mary Midgley discussed Aristotle's ethics as an alternative to modern moral philosophy. This idea is best known from Anscombe's 1958 paper ‘Modern Moral Philosophy’. The main...
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  10.  17
    Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life.Sophia Connell - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
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  11.  2
    Aristotle on Women: Physiology, Psychology, and Politics.Sophia M. Connell - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element provides an account of Aristotle on women which combines what is found in his scientific biology with his practical philosophy. Scholars have often debated how these two fields are related. The current study shows that according to Aristotelian biology, women are set up for intelligence and tend to be milder-tempered than men. Thus, women are not curtailed either intellectually or morally by their biology. The biological basis for the rule of men over women is women's lack of spiritedness. (...)
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  12.  88
    Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Sciences.Sophia Connell - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):509-513.
  13.  30
    From Natural Character to Moral Virtue in Aristotle, by Mariska Leunissen. [REVIEW]Sophia M. Connell - 2018 - Mind 127 (507):938-946.
    From Natural Character to Moral Virtue in Aristotle, by LeunissenMariska. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. vii + 216.
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  14. John Mouracade, Ed., Aristotle on Life Reviewed By.Sophia Connell - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (6):432-434.
     
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  15.  7
    Leroi The Lagoon: How Aristotle Invented Science. London: Bloomsbury Circus, 2014. Pp. 501, Illus. £25. 9781408836200. [REVIEW]Sophia Connell - 2015 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 135:290-291.
  16.  30
    'Nous Alone Enters From Outside' Aristotelian Embryology and Early Christian Philosophy.Sophia Connell - 2021 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 2 (15):109-138.
    In a work entitled On the Generation of Animals, Aristotle remarks that “intellect (nous) alone enters from outside (thurathen)”. Interpretations of this passage as dualistic dominate the history of ideas and allow for a joining together of Platonic and Aristotelian doctrine on the soul. This, however, pulls against the well-known Aristotelian position that soul and body are intertwined and interdependent. The most influential interpretations thereby misrepresent Aristotle’s view on soul and lack any real engagement with his embryology. This paper seeks (...)
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  17.  23
    Nutritive and Sentient Soul in Aristotle’s Generation of Animals 2.5.Sophia M. Connell - 2020 - Phronesis 65 (3):324-354.
    This paper argues that focusing on Aristotle’s theory of generation as primarily ‘hylomorphic’ can lead to difficulties. This is especially evident when interpreting the association between the male and sentient soul at GA 2.5. If the focus is on the male’s contribution as form and the female’s as matter, then soul becomes divided into nutritive from female and sentient from male which makes little sense in Aristotle’s biological ontology. In contrast, by seeing Aristotle’s theory as ‘archēkinētic’, a process initiated by (...)
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  18.  52
    Parallels Between Tyrant and Philosopher in Plato’s Republic.Sophia Connell - 2018 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 35 (2):447-477.
    Plato's Republic presents the characters of the philosopher and the tyrant as similar. Strongly focused by indiscriminate erotic motivation, both defy convention and lack familiar emotional responses, which make them appear to be mad. This essay argues that Plato put forward these parallels partly in order to defend Socrates from the charge of corrupting the young, partly to present a possible way to overthrow the current regime and partly to show the ineffectiveness of democracy. The very best leaders may look (...)
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  19.  23
    Philosophers in the Republic: Plato's Two Paradigms.Sophia Connell - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly:pqv043.
  20.  20
    Race, Gender, and the History of Early Analytic Philosophy: By Matt LaVine, London, Rowman and Littlefield, 2020, Pp. Xv + 229, £81.00 (Hb), ISBN: 978-1-4985-9555-1.Sophia M. Connell - 2021 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 29 (5):964-967.
    This thought-provoking book sets out to restructure philosophical enterprise in the analytic tradition. The aim is to disprove the following statements: Soames 2003a, xiv: “In general, philosophy d...
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  21.  13
    Review of Pavlos Kontos (Ed.), Evil in Aristotle. [REVIEW]Sophia Connell - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 12.
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  22. Thinking Bodies: Aristotle on the Biological Basis of Human Cognition.Sophia Connell - forthcoming - In Encounters with Aristotelian Philosophy of Mind. London, UK:
    This paper aims to establish that, for Aristotle, the state of the physical body is crucial to the human capacity for theoretical understanding. In recent years, scholars have begun to recognise the importance of Aristotle’s biological writings for understanding his psychology, after the relative neglect of these connections. The relevance in particular of the so-called Parva naturalia, small works on what is common to body and soul, and the De motu animalium, a work devoted to animal motion in broad terms, (...)
     
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  23.  10
    The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Biology.Sophia M. Connell (ed.) - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's voluminous writings on animals have often been marginalised in the history of philosophy. Providing the first full-length comprehensive account of Aristotle's biology, its background, content and influence, this Companion situates his study of living nature within his broader philosophy and theology and differentiates it from other medical and philosophical theories. An overview of empiricism in Aristotle's Historia Animalium is followed by an account of the general methodology recommended in the Parts of Animals. An account of the importance of Aristotle's (...)
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  24.  4
    The Female Contribution to Generation and Nutritive Soul in Aristotle’s Embryology.Sophia M. Connell - 2020 - In Giouli Korobili & Roberto Lo Presti (eds.), Nutrition and Nutritive Soul in Aristotle and Aristotelianism. De Gruyter. pp. 63-84.
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  25.  3
    Women in Science.Sophia Connell - 2021 - Oxford Classical Dictionary.
    Women were involved in both practical and theoretical aspects of scientific endeavour in the ancient world. Although the evidence is scant, it is clear that women innovated techniques in textile manufacture, metallurgy, and medical sciences. The most extensive engagement of women in science was in medicine, including obstetrics, gynaecology, pharmacology, and dermatology. The evidence for this often comes from male medical writers. Women were also involved in the manufacture of gold alloys, which interested later alchemists. Maria of Alexandria innovated equipment (...)
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  26. Aristotle's Generation of Animals: Critical Guide.Andrea Falcon & Sophia Connell (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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