Results for 'Sophia Ananiadou'

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  1. Hypothesis, analysis and synthesis, it’s all Greek to me.Ioannis Iliopoulos, Sophia Ananiadou, Antoine Danchin, John P. A. Ioannidis, Peter D. Katsidis, Christos A. Ouzounis & Vasilis J. Promponas - 2019 - eLife 8:e43514.
    The linguistic foundations of science and technology include many terms that have been borrowed from ancient languages. In the case of terms with origins in the Greek language, the modern meaning can often differ significantly from the original one. Here we use the PubMed database to demonstrate the prevalence of words of Greek origin in the language of modern science, and call for scientists to exercise care when coining new terms.
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  2.  39
    Aristotle on Sexual Difference: Metaphysics, Biology, Politics.Sophia M. Connell - forthcoming - Mind:fzad032.
    This meticulously researched and philosophically sophisticated book provides a comprehensive reassessment of sexual difference in Aristotle, covering metaphysic.
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  3.  10
    Bertrand and Dora Russell on Sex, Marriage and the Rule of Fathers.Sophia Connell - 2024 - In Landon D. C. Elkind & Alexander Mugar Klein (eds.), Bertrand Russell, Feminism, and Women Philosophers in his Circle. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 37-82.
    Reviewers of Bertrand Russell’s Marriage and Morals (MM) came to no consensus on the purpose of the work. Some saw it as advocating love in marriage, others as destroying marriage and still others as an attempt to justify promiscuity (Kayden, Tract on Sex and Marriage: Review of Marriage and Morals by Bertrand Russell. The Sewanee Review 38(1), 104–108, 1930; Pan, Review of Marriage and Morals by Bertrand Russell. The China Critic 3(8), 186–187, 1930). Their confusion is understandable given the tensions (...)
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  4.  34
    Interview: Sophia Collier.Sophia Collier & Marjorie Kelly - 1993 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 7 (1):33-35.
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  5.  13
    Multi-professional perspectives to reduce moral distress: A qualitative investigation.Sophia Fantus, Rebecca Cole, Timothy J. Usset & Lataya E. Hawkins - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics.
    Background Encounters of moral distress have long-term consequences on healthcare workers’ physical and mental health, leading to job dissatisfaction, reduced patient care, and high levels of burnout, exhaustion, and intentions to quit. Yet, research on approaches to ameliorate moral distress across the health workforce is limited. Research Objective The aim of our study was to qualitatively explore multi-professional perspectives of healthcare social workers, chaplains, and patient liaisons on ways to reduce moral distress and heighten well-being at a southern U.S. academic (...)
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  6.  35
    The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Biology.Sophia M. Connell (ed.) - 2021 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's voluminous writings on animals have often been marginalised in the history of philosophy. Providing the first full-length comprehensive account of Aristotle's biology, its background, content and influence, this Companion situates his study of living nature within his broader philosophy and theology and differentiates it from other medical and philosophical theories. An overview of empiricism in Aristotle's Historia Animalium is followed by an account of the general methodology recommended in the Parts of Animals. An account of the importance of Aristotle's (...)
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  7. Women's Medical Knowledge in Antiquity: Beyond Midwifery.Sophia M. Connell - 2023 - In Katharine R. O'Reilly & Caterina Pellò (eds.), Ancient women philosophers: recovered ideas and new perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  8.  1
    Grace de Laguna: Why Forgotten as a Philosopher?Sophia Connell - 2022 - Australasian Philosophical Review 6 (1):33-38.
    Grace de Laguna’s philosophical work was bold and original. She was also able to connect together seemingly disparate strands of the pragmatic, metaphysical and psychological research going on around her, as Joel Katzav shows in his paper. This commentary gives some historical background to her academic career in an attempt to explain how she could have been forgotten as a philosopher. Social and institutional factors led to her work not being recognized when she wrote and thus sinking into obscurity in (...)
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  9.  6
    Von der Kunst des Gebens: die Schwierigkeit, von der Gabe zu sprechen.Sophia Panteliadou - 2015 - Wien: Passagen Verlag.
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  10.  2
    Marsilio Ficino and His World.Sophia Howlett - 2016 - New York, NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book makes the case for Marsilio Ficino, a Renaissance philosopher and priest, as a canonical thinker, and provides an introduction for a broad audience. Sophia Howlett examines him as part of the milieu of Renaissance Florence, part of a history of Platonic philosophy, and as a key figure in the ongoing crisis between classical revivalism and Christian belief. The author discusses Ficino's vision of a Platonic Christian universe with multiple worlds inhabited by angels, daemons and pagan gods, as (...)
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  11.  43
    Subject and body in baṣran mu‘tazilism, or: Mu‘tazilite kalām and the fear of triviality: Sophia Vasalou.Sophia Vasalou - 2007 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 17 (2):267-298.
    In this paper, my aim is to offer some comments on the study of Mu‘tazilite kalām, framed around the study of a particular episode in the Mu‘tazilite dispute about man – a question with a deceptively Aristotelian cadence that is not too difficult to dispel. Within this episode, my focus is on one of the major arguments used by the late Baṣrans to hold up their side of the dispute, and on the relationship between the mental and the physical which (...)
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  12.  49
    Nutritive and Sentient Soul in Aristotle’s Generation of Animals 2.5.Sophia M. Connell - 2020 - Phronesis 65 (3):324-354.
    This paper argues that focusing on Aristotle’s theory of generation as primarily ‘hylomorphic’ can lead to difficulties. This is especially evident when interpreting the association between the male and sentient soul at GA 2.5. If the focus is on the male’s contribution as form and the female’s as matter, then soul becomes divided into nutritive from female and sentient from male which makes little sense in Aristotle’s biological ontology. In contrast, by seeing Aristotle’s theory as ‘archēkinētic’, a process initiated by (...)
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  13.  3
    Investigating the Source of Idiom Transparency Intuitions.Sophia Skoufaki - 2008 - Metaphor and Symbol 24 (1):20-41.
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  14.  9
    Der apokryphe Nietzsche: auf den Spuren des Denkens von Friedrich Nietzsche in Rechtsphilosophie und -theorie.Sophia Gluth - 2021 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Wahrend Friedrich Nietzsche als eine der bedeutendsten Figuren innerhalb der deutschen Kulturgeschichte gilt, wird sein Einfluss auf den juristischen Diskurs als marginal beurteilt. Es scheint, als hatten sich die Rechtsphilosophen und -theoretiker einer vertieften Auseinandersetzung mit dem Denker enthalten. Sophia Gluth hinterfragt diesen Umstand und beleuchtet, ob und wie theoretisierende Juristen mit Nietzsche umgegangen sind. Dabei deckt sie ein Phanomen auf, das bisher weder gesehen noch beschrieben wurde: die konstante Rezeption Friedrich Nietzsches in der Rechtswissenschaft. Untersucht werden die Rezeptionsansatze (...)
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  15.  7
    The Affective Processes of Ethical Leadership: The Role of Moral Emotions.Sophia Soyoung Jeong, Cong Sun & Kai Chi Yam - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-19.
    Building on appraisal theory of emotions and theories on moral emotions, we contend that ethical leadership triggers other-praising moral emotions directed at the supervisor and leads to feedback-seeking behavior. We further predict that the affective processes of ethical leadership have implications for workplace behaviors, namely organizational citizenship behavior directed at the supervisor and employee voice. We develop a new measure of supervisor-directed, other-praising moral emotions and test the validity of the measure. Then, we test and find support for the proposed (...)
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  16. Discrimination as Negligence.Sophia Moreau - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 36:123-149.
    There is a rich philosophical literature on the value of equality: on whether and why it matters, what its “currency” ought to be, and whether it should be balanced against other important values, such as freedom, or conceptualized in terms of equal access to them. Most of this literature is a contribution to debates about distributive justice: it is concerned with how we should understand equality when our aim is to arrive at general principles of justice that could guide social (...)
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  17.  1
    Das unterschlagene Erbe.Sophia Prinz - 2017 - Phänomenologische Forschungen 2017 (2):76-91.
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology of the body has so far been widely neglected in the debate on practice theory. This failure is surprising considering Merleau-Ponty’s early contribution of a number of fundamental insights – including bodily practice as a theoretical basic unit, the priority of “practical sense” and “implicit knowledge” over consciousness, and the collectivity of practice. The article addresses these approaches in detail, examining them relative to corresponding concepts from Bourdieu and Foucault. It turns out that both theorists owe more (...)
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  18.  27
    What the HEC-C? An Analysis of the Healthcare Ethics Consultant-Certified Program: One Year in.Janet Malek, Sophia Fantus, Andrew Childress & Claire Horner - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):9-18.
    Efforts to professionalize the field of bioethics have led to the development of the Healthcare Ethics Consultant-Certified (HEC-C) Program intended to credential practicing healthcare ethics consultants (HCECs). Our team of professional ethicists participated in the inaugural process to support the professionalization efforts and inform our views on the value of this credential from the perspective of ethics consultants. In this paper, we explore the history that has led to this certification process, and evaluate the ability of the HEC-C Program to (...)
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  19.  22
    Faces of Inequality: A Theory of Wrongful Discrimination.Sophia Moreau - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    This book defends an original and pluralist theory of when and why discrimination wrongs people, in particular, through unfair subordination, through the violation of their right to a particular deliberative freedom, or through the denial to them of access to a basic good.
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  20. Contractualism and aggregation.Sophia Reibetanz - 1998 - Ethics 108 (2):296-311.
    I argue that T.M. Scanlon's contractualist account of morality has difficulty accommodating our intuitions about the moral relevance of the number of people affected by an action. I first consider the "Complaint Model" of reasonable rejection, which restricts the grounds for an individual's rejection of a principle to its effects upon herself. I argue that it can accommodate our intuitions about numbers only if we assume that, whenever we do not know who will be affected, each individual may appeal only (...)
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  21.  15
    Red Foxes in the Filing Cabinet: Günter Tembrock's Image Collection and Media Use in Mid‐Century Ethology*.Sophia Gräfe - 2022 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 45 (1-2):55-86.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Volume 45, Issue 1-2, Page 55-86, June 2022.
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  22.  1
    Computational models of intrinsic motivation for curiosity and creativity.Sophia Becker, Alireza Modirshanechi & Wulfram Gerstner - 2024 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 47:e94.
    We link Ivancovsky et al.'s novelty-seeking model (NSM) to computational models of intrinsically motivated behavior and learning. We argue that dissociating different forms of curiosity, creativity, and memory based on the involvement of distinct intrinsic motivations (e.g., surprise and novelty) is essential to empirically test the conceptual claims of the NSM.
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  23.  12
    Re-evaluating Pico: Aristotelianism, Kabbalism and Platonism in the Philosophy of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola.Sophia Howlett - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book offers a re-evaluation of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, the prominent Italian Renaissance philosopher and prince of Concord. It argues that Pico is part of a history of attempted concordance between philosophy and theology, reason and faith. His contribution is a syncretist theological philosophy based on Christianity, Platonism, Aristotelianism and Jewish Kabbalism. After an introduction, Chapter 2 discusses Pico’s career, his power-relations and his work, Chapters 3 and 4 place his three pillars of Platonism, Aristotelianism and Kabbalism in their (...)
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  24.  4
    Introducing postfeminism.Sophia Phoca - 1999 - New York: Totem Books. Edited by Rebecca Wright & Richard Appignanesi.
    In style typical of this series Introducing Postfeminism uses text and integrated illustration to trace the effect of French feminist theory on contemporary gender, politics and culture.
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  25.  7
    Neoliberalism and the jurisprudence of privacy: An experiment in feminist theorizing.Sophia Jane Mihic - 2008 - Feminist Theory 9 (2):165-184.
    This essay demonstrates, and critiques, the pervasiveness of economic assumptions in the jurisprudence of privacy in US constitutional law as it extends from birth control and abortion rights to the so-called right to die. Finding in these cases metaphors of neoliberal productive practices and the assumption of the self as human capital, the self understood as a site of investment rather than a repository of worth, the essay brings privacy law into conversation with Kristin Luker's empirical work on abortion politics (...)
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  26.  3
    Push and pull factors associated with the consumption of women’s professional basketball games: A canonical correlation analysis.Sophia D. Min, James J. Zhang & Kevin K. Byon - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate the interrelationships between push and pull factors associated with the consumption of women’s professional basketball games. Multiple factors pertaining to sport consumers’ internal needs, identified as “push” factors, contain various intangible socio-psychological motivations representing an individual’s intrinsic desires that drive consumers toward certain goal-driven behaviors. On the other hand, “pull” factors, related to the supply side, refer to the different aspects of sport products the management of sport teams provides. It is (...)
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  27.  4
    Beyond Reach but Within Sight: Ethical Leaders’ Pursuit of Seemingly Unattainable Role Models in East Asia.Sophia Chia-Min Chou - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-22.
    Inspired by Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism, many East Asian ethical leaders have aspired to emulate seemingly unattainable sages and buddhas throughout history. This aspiration challenges the common psychological view that significant gaps between role models and actual selves might hinder emulation motivation. It also differs from Western findings, which suggest that ethical leadership often emerges from emulating attainable exemplars like immediate supervisors or mentors. To decipher this intriguing emulation behavior in East Asia, this study employed a multiple-case approach involving 25 (...)
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  28. What is discrimination?Sophia Moreau - 2010 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (2):143-179.
  29.  4
    Effects of Priming Discriminated Experiences on Emotion Recognition Among Asian Americans.Sophia Chang & Sun-Mee Kang - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    This study explored the priming effects of discriminated experiences on emotion recognition accuracy of Asian Americans. We hypothesized that when Asian Americans were reminded of discriminated experiences due to their race, they would detect subtle negative emotional expressions on White faces more accurately than would Asian Americans who were primed with a neutral topic. This priming effect was not expected to emerge in detecting negative facial expressions on Asian faces. To test this hypothesis, 108 participants were randomly assigned to one (...)
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  30.  4
    African women, religion and pandemics: Collective resilience, responsibility and adaptability.Sophia Chirongoma & Linda W. Naicker - 2023 - HTS Theological Studies 79 (3):3.
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  31.  1
    Religion, theology and constructions of earth and gender: An editorial.Sophia Chirongoma & Linda W. Naicker - 2023 - HTS Theological Studies 79 (3):1.
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  32. Epistemic Coercion.Sophia Dandelet - 2021 - Ethics 131 (3):489-510.
    In cases of self-gaslighting, the subject worries that other people will be skeptical of one of her beliefs—for instance, the belief that she has been sexually harassed. Prompted by this worry, she...
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  33.  23
    Schopenhauer and the Aesthetic Standpoint: Philosophy as a Practice of the Sublime.Sophia Vasalou - 2013 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    With its pessimistic vision and bleak message of world-denial, it has often been difficult to know how to engage with Schopenhauer's philosophy. Schopenhauer's arguments have seemed flawed and his doctrines marred by inconsistencies; his very pessimism almost too flamboyant to be believable. Yet a way of redrawing this engagement stands open, Sophia Vasalou argues, if we attend more closely to the visionary power of Schopenhauer's work. The aim of this book is to place the aesthetic character of Schopenhauer's standpoint (...)
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  34.  34
    Aristotle on Female Animals: A Study of the Generation of Animals.Sophia M. Connell - 2015 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's account of female nature has received mostly negative treatment, emphasising what he says females cannot do. Building on recent research, this book comprehensively revises such readings, setting out the complex and positive role played by the female in Aristotle's thought with a particular focus on the longest surviving treatise on reproduction in the ancient corpus, the Generation of Animals. It provides new interpretations of the nature of Aristotle's sexism, his theory of male and female interaction in generation, and his (...)
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  35. Interests Behind Directed Doxastic Wrongs.Sophia Dandelet - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Very often, when a belief or a method of reasoning strikes us as morally wrong, it also seems to wrong someone in particular. For instance, if an acquaintance j.
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  36. Validity as a thick concept.Sophia Arbeiter - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (10):2937-2953.
    This paper presents a novel position in the philosophy of logic: I argue that _validity_ is a thick concept. Hence, I propose to consider _validity_ in analogy to other thick concepts, such as _honesty_, _selfishness_ or _justice_. This proposal is motivated by the debate on the normativity of logic: while logic textbooks seem simply descriptive in their presentation of logical truths, many have argued that logic has consequences for how we ought to reason, for what we ought to believe, or (...)
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  37. Is it possible to give scientific solutions to Grand Challenges? On the idea of grand challenges for life science research.Sophia Efstathiou - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 56:46-61.
    This paper argues that challenges that are grand in scope such as "lifelong health and wellbeing", "climate action", or "food security" cannot be addressed through scientific research only. Indeed scientific research could inhibit addressing such challenges if scientific analysis constrains the multiple possible understandings of these challenges into already available scientific categories and concepts without translating between these and everyday concerns. This argument builds on work in philosophy of science and race to postulate a process through which non-scientific notions become (...)
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  38.  24
    Biobricks and Crocheted Coral: Dispatches from the Life Sciences in the Age of Fabrication.Sophia Roosth - 2013 - Science in Context 26 (1):153-171.
    ArgumentWhat does “life” become at a moment when biological inquiry proceeds by manufacturing biological artifacts and systems? In this article, I juxtapose two radically different communities, synthetic biologists and Hyperbolic Crochet Coral Reef crafters (HCCR). Synthetic biology is a decade-old research initiative that seeks to merge biology with engineering and experimental research with manufacture. The HCCR is a distributed venture of three thousand craftspeople who cooperatively fabricate a series of yarn and plastic coral reefs to draw attention to the menace (...)
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  39.  27
    The time has come to extend the 14-day limit.Sophia McCully - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e66-e66.
    For the past 40 years, the 14-day rule has governed and, by defining a clear boundary, enabled embryo research and the clinical benefits derived from this. It has been both a piece of legislation and a rule of good practice globally. However, methods now allow embryos to be cultured for more than 14 days, something difficult to imagine when the rule was established, and knowledge gained in the intervening years provides robust scientific rationale for why it is now essential to (...)
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  40.  45
    “Bad philosophy” and “derivative philosophy”: Labels that keep women out of the canon.Sophia M. Connell & Frederique Janssen-Lauret - 2023 - Metaphilosophy 54 (2-3):238-253.
    Efforts to include women in the canon have long been beset by reactionary gatekeeping, typified by the charge “That's not philosophy.” That charge doesn't apply to early and mid‐analytic female philosophers—Welby, Ladd‐Franklin, Bryant, Jones, de Laguna, Stebbing, Ambrose, MacDonald—with job titles like lecturer in logic and professor of philosophy and publications in Mind, the Journal of Philosophy, and Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. It's hopeless to dismiss their work as “not philosophy.” But comparable reactionary gatekeeping affects them, this paper argues, (...)
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  41.  55
    The Moral Personhood of Individuals Labeled “Mentally Retarded”.Sophia Isako Wong - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (4):579-594.
  42.  9
    Virtues of Greatness in the Arabic Tradition.Sophia Vasalou - 2019 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Sophia Vasalou investigates the 'virtues of greatness' in the Islamic world. Examining the virtue of magnanimity in ancient philosophical ethics and the 'greatness of spirit' in the Arabic tradition, she traces the genealogy of these ideals, explores the influences that shaped them, and highlights the contemporary relevance of these ideals.
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  43.  83
    Doxastic Wronging and Evidentialism.Sophia Dandelet - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy (1):82-95.
    It is a piece of common sense that we can be mean-spirited, cruel, and unfair in the ways that we form beliefs. That is, we can wrong others through our doxastic activity. This fact shows that, contrary to an increasingly widespread view in the ethics of belief literature, morality has a role to play in guiding doxastic deliberation, and evidence is therefore not the only ‘right kind of reason’ for belief. But the mere existence of doxastic wronging does not tell (...)
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  44.  9
    Stepping Up or Stepping Back: FDA Roles in Producing and Shaping Knowledge of Pediatric Covid-19 Vaccines.Sophia Bessias & Elizabeth Lanphier - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (10):26-28.
    We agree with Svirsky, Howard, and Berman that the US Food and Drug Administration plays various roles, only one of which is the technical review and evaluation of product safety and e...
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  45.  78
    A problem for the doctrine of double effect.Sophia Reibetanz - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98 (2):217–223.
    The Doctrine of Double Effect has been defended not only as a test of character but also as a criterion of wrongness for action. This paper criticises one attempt to justify the doctrine in the latter capacity. The justification, first proposed by Warren Quinn, traces the wrongness of intending harm as a means to the objectionable features of certain reasons for making this our intention. As I argue, however, some of the actions which seem to us to be permissible, and (...)
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  46.  14
    Feminist Theory Out of Science.Sophia Roosth, Astrid Schrader & Lynda J. Jentsch - 2012 - Duke University Press.
    Attending to the rich entanglements of scientific and critical theory, contributors to this issue scrutinize phenomena in nature to explore new territory in feminist science studies. With a special focus on relating theory to method, these scholars generate new feminist approaches to scientific practice. Contributors probe this relationship by way of topics from poetics of human-jellyfish interactions to a feminist reconsideration of a well-known thought experiment in thermodynamics. Two contributors analyze plant-insect encounter research to spin their own symbiotically inflected account (...)
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  47.  7
    Duties of Justice to Citizens with Cognitive Disabilities.Sophia Isako Wong - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 127–146.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Defining the Term “Citizens Labeled with Cognitive Disabilities” The Scope of Moral Personhood: The Potentiality View The Fully Cooperating Assumption How Are the Two Moral Powers Acquired? The Enabling Conditions Personhood as Requiring Enabling Conditions Blocking Developmental Pathways to Moral Personhood The Causal Relationship Between Epistemic Claims and the Concrete Lives of People with Disabilities First Objection: Responding to the Epistemic Difficulty Second Objection: The Argument from Marginal Cases Conclusion Acknowledgments References.
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  48.  7
    Wonder: A Grammar.Sophia Vasalou - 2015 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    _Synthesizes the most important recent work on wonder and brings a number of disciplines into conversation. _.
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  49.  22
    At Home with Down Syndrome and Gender.Sophia Isako Wong - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):89-117.
    I argue that there is an important analogy between sex selection and selective abortion of fetuses diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are surprising parallels between the social construction of Down syndrome as a disability and the deeply entrenched institutionalization of sexual difference in many societies. Prevailing concepts of gender and mental retardation exert a powerful influence in constructing the sexual identities and life plans of people with Down syndrome, and also affect their families' lives.1.
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  50. ANOTHER COMPANION TO PLUTARCH - (F.B.) Titchener, (A.V.) Zadorojnyi (edd.) The Cambridge Companion to Plutarch. Pp. x + 502, ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2023. Paper, £29.99, US$39.99 (Cased, £89.99, US$120). ISBN: 978-0-521-17656-9 (978-0-521-76622-7 hbk). [REVIEW]Sophia Xenophontos - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-3.
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