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Snait B. Gissis [9]Snait Gissis [8]
  1.  29
    Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology.Eva Jablonka & Snait Gissis (eds.) - 2011 - MIT Press.
    In 1809--the year of Charles Darwin's birth--Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach emphasizes the generation of developmental variations; Darwinism stresses selection. Lamarck's ideas were eventually eclipsed by Darwinian concepts, especially after the emergence of the Modern Synthesis in the twentieth century. The different approaches--which can be seen as complementary rather than mutually exclusive--have important implications for the kinds of questions biologists ask and for the type of research they conduct. (...)
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  2.  26
    Landscapes of Collectivity in the Life Sciences.Snait Gissis, Ehud Lamm & Ayelet Shavit (eds.) - 2017 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    The aim of the book is to explore common concerns regarding methodological individualism in different fields of the life sciences broadly construed. It will address conceptual problems regarding individuals and their relation and dependence on the collectivities they are part of and consider innovative new viewpoints, grounded in specific scientific projects that question the present descriptions and understanding and raise challenges. A wide variety of recent, influential contributions in the life sciences utilize notions of collectivity, sociality, rich interactions and emergent (...)
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  3.  25
    Is time future contained in time past?Snait B. Gissis - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 62:51-55.
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  4.  56
    Late Nineteenth Century Lamarckism and French Sociology.Snait Gissis - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (1):69-122.
    : The transfer of modes of thought, concepts, models, and metaphors from Darwinian and Lamarckian evolutionary biology played a significant role in the mergence, constitution, and legitimization of sociology as an autonomous discipline in France at the end of the nineteenth century. More specifically, the Durkheimian group then came to be recognized as "French sociology." In the present paper, I analyze a facet of the struggle among various groups for this coveted status and demonstrate that the initial adherence to and (...)
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  5.  88
    When is 'race' a race? 1946–2003 ☆.Snait B. Gissis - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (4):437-450.
    There has been a widely perceived sense of a contemporary resurgence of the category of race in western genetics, epidemiology and medicine. In what follows, some important American and British journals in these fields are surveyed for their content from 1946–2003, with the aim of comparatively tracing the use of the race category among American, British and Israeli authors. Three crucial stages are delineated along this time line, and the correlations between the use of the race category and developments in (...)
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  6.  75
    Interactions between social and biological thinking: The case of Lamarck.Snait Gissis - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (3):pp. 237-306.
    Lamarck's perspective on change within the organic world, in particular his conception of "la marche de la nature," , crystallized during the last decade of the 18th century and the early years of the 19th. I argue that it should be viewed as resulting in part from interactions with, and transfers from, the social thought—modes of thinking, ways of conceptualizing, models, metaphors and analogies—of the decades before the French revolution and of the revolutionary decade itself. Moreover, Lamarck's involvement with the (...)
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  7.  21
    When is ‘race’ a race? 1946–2003.Snait B. Gissis - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (4):437-450.
  8.  9
    Lamarck on feelings: From worms to humans.Snait B. Gissis - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Springer. pp. 211--239.
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  9.  24
    Is nationalizing universalizing and/or vice-versa?: A review essay on Elise K. Burton, Genetic Crossroads: The Middle East and the science of human heredity, Stanford University Press, 2021. IanMcGonigle, Genomic Citizenship: the molecularization of identity in the contemporaryMiddle East. The MIT Press 2021.Snait B. Gissis - 2022 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 44 (3):1-15.
    This is a review essay of two books published in 2021 on the history of human heredity-genetics/genomics investigations—in the Middle East. Both books are structured comparatively. Both books grapple with the many uses of biology in nationalizing projects in the Middle East and the unavoidable tension between these particularizing projects and the scientific claim of biology to universality. Furthermore, both grapple with issues of classifications of humans and their uses in biology: the presumably biological human classifications of race, ethnos, and (...)
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  10.  12
    The Neo-Lamarckian Tools Deployed by the Young Durkheim: 1882–1892.Snait B. Gissis - 2023 - Journal of the History of Biology 56 (1):153-190.
    I argue that the French sociologist Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) decided to constitute sociology, a novel field, as ‘scientific’ early in his career. He adopted evolutionized biology as then practiced as his principal model of science, but at first wavered between alternative repertoires of concepts, models, metaphors and analogies, in particular Spencerian Lamarckism and French neo-Lamarckism. I show how Durkheim came to fashion a particular deployment of the French neo-Lamarckian repertoire. The paper describes and analyzes this repertoire and explicates how it (...)
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  11.  38
    Gideon Freudenthal Leaves Science in Context.Leo Corry, Yehuda Elkana, Snait Gissis, Alexandre Métraux & Jürgen Renn - 2000 - Science in Context 13 (1):3-4.
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  12.  16
    Lamarckism and the Emergence of 'Scientific' Social Sciences in Nineteenth-Century Britain and France.Snait B. Gissis - 2024 - Springer Nature Switzerland.
    The book presents an original synthesizing framework on the relations between ‘the biological’ and ‘the social’. Within these relations, the late nineteenth-century emergence of social sciences aspiring to be constituted as autonomous, as 'scientific' disciplines, is described, analyzed and explained. Through this framework, the author points to conceptual and constructive commonalities conjoining significant founding figures – Lamarck, Spencer, Hughlings Jackson, Ribot, Durkheim, Freud – who were not grouped nor analyzed in this manner before. Thus, the book offers a rather unique (...)
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  13. Spencer's evolutionary entanglement: from liminal individuals to implicit collectivities.Snait Gissis - 2017 - In Scott Lidgard & Lynn K. Nyhart (eds.), Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  14.  26
    The continuing vitality of the problématique of vitalism?Snait B. Gissis - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:196-200.
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  15.  18
    Transfer of Lamarckisms and emerging ‘scientific’ psychologies: 19th – early 20th centuries Britain and France.Snait B. Gissis - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 83:101146.
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  16.  6
    Charles Wolfe, La philosophie de la biologie avant la biologie: Une histoire du vitalisme. Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2019. Pp. 514. ISBN 978-2-4060-8072-5. €93.00. [REVIEW]Snait Gissis - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Science 52 (4):719-721.
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  17.  22
    Massimo Mazzotti , Knowledge as Social Order: Rethinking the Sociology of Barry Barnes. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008. Pp. xi+184. ISBN 978-0-7546-4863-5. £50.00. [REVIEW]Snait Gissis - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (3):445.