Results for 'Situation semantics'

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  1.  33
    Situated semantics.Varol Akman - 2009 - In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 401-418.
    Situated semantics can be regarded as an attempt at placing situational context (context of situation) at the center of all discussions of meaning. Situation theory is a theory of information content that takes context very seriously. Individuals, properties, relations, and spatiotemporal locations are basic constructs of situation theory. Individuals are conceived as invariants; having properties and standing in relations, they tend to persist in time and space. An anchoring function binds the location parameters to appropriate objects (...)
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  2.  38
    Situational semantics.Varol Akman - 2009 - In Siobhan Chapman & Christopher Routledge (eds.), Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language. Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 209-212.
    An information-based approach to natural language semantics. Formulated by Jon Barwise and John Perry in their influential book Situations and Attitudes (1983), it is built upon the notion of a 'situation' --- a limited part of the real world that a cognitive agent can individuate and has access to. A situation represents a lump of information in terms of a collection of facts. It is through the actualist ontology of situations that the meaning of natural language utterances (...)
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  3.  41
    Situating Semantics: Essays on the Philosophy of John Perry.Michael O'Rourke & Corey Washington (eds.) - 2005 - MIT Press.
    15 Situating Semantics: A Response John Perry Introduction I am very grateful to Michael O'Rourke and Corey Washington for envisaging and putting together ...
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  4.  18
    Situation semantics.Varol Akman - 2009 - In Keith Brown & Keith Allan (eds.), Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. pp. 890-893.
    This article first appeared in "Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2nd Edition," Keith Brown, ed., pp. 398-401, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2006.
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  5. Situation Semantics.Isidora Stojanovic - unknown
     
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  6. Situating semantics: A response.John Perry - 2007 - In Michael O'Rourke Corey Washington (ed.), Situating Semantics: Essays on the Philosophy of John Perry. pp. 507--575.
     
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  7. Situating Semantics : Essays on the Work of John Perry.Michael O'Rourke & Corey Washington (eds.) - 2007 - MIT Press.
  8.  3
    Anaphora and Quantification in Situation Semantics.Jean Mark Gawron & Stanley Peters - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    A principal goal of this book is to develop and apply the Situation Semantics framework. Jean Mark Gawron and Stanley Peters adopt a version of the theory in which meanings are built up via syntactically driven semantic composition rules. They provide a substantial treatment of English incorporating treatments of pronomial anaphora, quantification, donkey anaphora, and tense. The book focuses on the semantics of pronomial anaphora and quantification. The authors argue that the ambiguities of sentences with pronouns cannot (...)
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  9. On situation semantics for perception.Frank Vlach - 1983 - Synthese 54 (January):129-152.
  10. Situation Semantics Analysis of Some Nominals in Bulgarian.Radoslav Pavlov & Rusanka Lukanova - 1992 - In Maksim Stamenov (ed.), Current Advances in Semantic Theory. John Benjamins. pp. 73--377.
  11.  69
    Situation semantics and the “slingshot” argument.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1983 - Erkenntnis 19 (1-3):91 - 98.
  12.  17
    Situation Semantics, Time, and Descriptive Indexicals.Katarzyna Kijania-Placek - 2014 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Semantics and Beyond: Philosophical and Linguistic Inquiries. De Gruyter. pp. 127-148.
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  13.  5
    Situation Semantics, Time, and Descriptive Indexicals.Katarzyna Kijania-Placek - 2014 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Semantics and Beyond: Philosophical and Linguistic Inquiries. Preface. De Gruyter. pp. 127-148.
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  14. 1 history of situation semantics.John Perry - manuscript
    Situation semantics was originally conceived as an alternative to extensional model theory and possible world semantics especially suited to the analysis of various problematic constructions, including naked-infinitive perception verbs (Barwise 1981) and belief-reports (Barwise and Perry 1981a, 1981b). In its earliest forms, the central ideas were.
     
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  15.  41
    Situation semantics and models of analogy.David H. Helman - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 49 (2):231 - 244.
    The preceding theory represents, I believe, a large improvement over conceptual graph theories of analogy. In particular, it is possible for analogical reasoning to be flexible or ‘creative’ on this approach, an aspect of analogy that is not accounted for in conceptual graph theories. I also believe that searching by constraint violations is a more reasonable way to organize memory search than to look for properties of conceptual hierarchies. Proof of this last point, however, awaits an more detailed classification of (...)
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  16. A compositional situation semantics for attitude reports.Robin Cooper & Jonathan Ginzburg - 1996 - In Jerry Seligman & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic, Language and Computation. Csli Publications, Stanford. pp. 1--151.
     
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  17. Bolzano and Situation Semantics: Variations on a Theme of Variation in Bolzano-Studien.J. Berg - 1987 - Philosophia Naturalis 24 (4):373-377.
  18. Bolzano and Situation Semantics: Variations on a Theme of Variation.Jan Berg - 1987 - Philosophia Naturalis 24 (4):373-377.
     
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  19.  46
    Implicit arguments in situation semantics.Richard K. Larson - 1988 - Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (2):169 - 201.
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  20.  40
    R. Suszko's situational semantics.Ryszard Wójcicki - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (4):323 - 340.
  21.  68
    Two formal systems for situation semantics.Juan Barba Escriba - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 33 (1):70-88.
  22.  75
    Spanish Imperfecto and Pretérito: Truth Conditions and Aktionsart Effects in a Situation Semantics[REVIEW]Alicia Cipria & Craige Roberts - 2000 - Natural Language Semantics 8 (4):297-347.
    Spanish verbs display two past-tense forms, the pret´rito and the imperfecto. We offer an account of the semantics of these forms within a situation semantics, addressing a number of theoretically interesting questions about how to realize a semantics for tense and events in that type of framework. We argue that each of these forms is unambiguous, and that the apparent variety of readings attested for them derives from interaction with other factors in the course of interpretation. (...)
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  23. The logic of perceptual reports: An extensional alternative to situation semantics.James Higginbotham - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (February):100-127.
  24. Situations in natural language semantics.Angelika Kratzer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Situation semantics was developed as an alternative to possible worlds semantics. In situation semantics, linguistic expressions are evaluated with respect to partial, rather than complete, worlds. There is no consensus about what situations are, just as there is no consensus about what possible worlds or events are. According to some, situations are structured entities consisting of relations and individuals standing in those relations. According to others, situations are particulars. In spite of unresolved foundational issues, the (...)
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  25.  17
    Preliminaries to the treatment of generalized quantifiers in situation semantics.Robin Cooper - 1987 - In Peter Gärdenfors (ed.), Generalized Quantifiers. Reidel Publishing Company. pp. 73--91.
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  26.  27
    Review of Michael O'Rourke, Corey Washington (eds.), Situating Semantics: Essays on the Philosophy of John Perry[REVIEW]Lenny Clapp - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (2).
  27.  14
    Incomplete descriptions: problems of elliptical analysis, situation semantics and relevance.Roger Vergauwen & Raymond Lam - 2002 - Logique Et Analyse 45 (177-178):129-153.
  28.  35
    Common knowledge: Relating anti-founded situation semantics to modal logic neighbourhood semantics[REVIEW]L. Lismont - 1994 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (4):285-302.
    Two approaches for defining common knowledge coexist in the literature: the infinite iteration definition and the circular or fixed point one. In particular, an original modelization of the fixed point definition was proposed by Barwise in the context of a non-well-founded set theory and the infinite iteration approach has been technically analyzed within multi-modal epistemic logic using neighbourhood semantics by Lismont. This paper exhibits a relation between these two ways of modelling common knowledge which seem at first quite different.
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  29. The equation of information and meaning from the perspectives of situation semantics and Gibson's ecological realism.M. T. Turvey & Claudia Carello - 1985 - Linguistics and Philosophy 8 (1):81 - 90.
  30.  49
    Tense and discourse location in situation semantics.Robin Cooper - 1986 - Linguistics and Philosophy 9 (1):17 - 36.
  31.  15
    The Liar Paradox: An Extensional Alternative to the Situation Semantics Approach.Ulla Wessels & Georg Meggle - 1994 - In Ulla Wessels & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyōmen 1 =. De Gruyter. pp. 421-433.
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  32.  42
    A multidimensional modal translation for a formal system motivated by situation semantics.Juan Barba Escriba - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (4):598-608.
  33. Situations, Alternatives, and the Semantics of 'Cases'.Friederike Moltmann - 2019 - Linguistics and Philosophy (1):1-41.
    This paper presents a systematic semantic study of constructions with the noun 'case'. It argues that 'cases' are situations acting as truthmakers within a sentential or epistemic case space. It develops a truthmaker-based alternative semantics of 'case'-constructions, based on Fine's recent truthmaker semantics.
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  34. Semantic innocence and uncompromising situations.Jon Barwise & John Perry - 2019 - In John Perry (ed.), Studies in language and information. Center for the Study of Language and Information.
     
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  35. Situations, alternatives, and the semantics of ‘cases’.Friederike Moltmann - 2019 - Linguistics and Philosophy (1):1-41.
    This paper argues that NPs with case as head noun stand for situations in their role as truthmakers within a sentential or epistemic case space. The paper develops a unified semantic analysis of case-constructions of the various sorts within a truthmaker-based version of alternative semantics.
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  36. Semantic Innocence and Uncompromising Situations.Jon Barwise & John Perry - 1981 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):387-404.
  37. Robin Cooper.Situation Semantics - 1987 - In Peter Gärdenfors (ed.), Generalized Quantifiers. Reidel Publishing Company. pp. 31--73.
     
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  38.  16
    Situated legal systems and their operational semantics.Antônio Carlos da Rocha Costa - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 23 (1):43-102.
    This work adopts H. Kelsen’s concept of legal system, proposes a formal definition for such notion, and introduces an operational semantical framework for legal systems that are situated in agent societies. Agent societies are defined. Relevant formal properties of situated legal systems are discussed; the way they are exposed in the operational semantical framework is explained, and their truth formally proved. Also, for the sake of a better understanding of the legal-theoretic assumptions of the paper, recurring issues regarding Kelsen’s theory (...)
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  39. Scope and situation binding in LTAG using semantic unification.Maribel Romero & Laura Kallmeyer - manuscript
    This paper develops a framework for TAG (Tree Adjoining Grammar) semantics that brings together ideas from different recent approaches. Then, within this framework, an analysis of scope is proposed that accounts for the different scopal properties of quantifiers, adverbs, raising verbs and attitude verbs. Finally, including situation variables in the semantics, different situation binding possibilities are derived for different types of quantificational elements.
     
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  40.  1
    A semantic characterization of a useful fragment of the situation calculus with knowledge.Gerhard Lakemeyer & Hector J. Levesque - 2011 - Artificial Intelligence 175 (1):142-164.
  41. Part Structures in Situations: The Semantics of 'Individual' and 'Whole'.Friederike Moltmann - 2005 - Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (5):599 - 641.
    This paper develops the notion of a situated part structure and applies it to the semantics of the modifiers 'whole' and 'individual'. It argues that the ambiguity of 'whole' should be traced to two different conceptions of part structures of objects being at play: one according to which the parts of an objects are just the material parts and another, Aristotelian conception according to which the parts of an object include properties of form.
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  42. Does the Situation Calculus Have a Semantics?G. Graham White - unknown
     
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  43. Frames of semantic situations.André Wlodarczyk - 2013 - In Hélène Wlodarczyk & André Wlodarczyk (eds.), Meta-informative centering of utterances between semantics and pragmatics. John Benjamins.
     
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  44. Roles and anchors of semantic situations.André Wlodarczyk - 2013 - In Hélène Wlodarczyk & André Wlodarczyk (eds.), Meta-informative centering of utterances between semantics and pragmatics. John Benjamins.
     
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  45. Situation Pronouns in Determiner Phrases.Florian Schwarz - 2012 - Natural Language Semantics 20 (4):431-475.
    It is commonly argued that natural language has the expressive power of quantifying over intensional entities, such as times, worlds, or situations. A standard way of modelling this assumes that there are unpronounced but syntactically represented variables of the corresponding type. Not all that much as has been said, however, about the exact syntactic location of these variables. Meanwhile, recent work has highlighted a number of problems that arise because the interpretive options for situation pronouns seem to be subject (...)
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  46. Rich Situated Attitudes.Kristina Liefke & Mark Bowker - 2017 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science 10247:45-61.
    We outline a novel theory of natural language meaning, Rich Situated Semantics [RSS], on which the content of sentential utterances is semantically rich and informationally situated. In virtue of its situatedness, an utterance’s rich situated content varies with the informational situation of the cognitive agent interpreting the utterance. In virtue of its richness, this content contains information beyond the utterance’s lexically encoded information. The agent-dependence of rich situated content solves a number of problems in semantics and the (...)
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  47.  39
    The Situation in Logic.Jon Barwise - 1988 - Cambridge, England: Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    The present volume collects some of Barwise's papers written since then, those directly concerned with relations among logic, situation theory, and situation semantics. Several papers appear here for the first time.
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  48.  5
    Species Concepts: Semantics and Actual Situations.G. Ledyard Stebbins - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):198.
  49. Semantics without semantic content.Daniel W. Harris - 2022 - Mind and Language 37 (3):304-328.
    I argue that semantics is the study of the proprietary database of a centrally inaccessible and informationally encapsulated input–output system. This system’s role is to encode and decode partial and defeasible evidence of what speakers are saying. Since information about nonlinguistic context is therefore outside the purview of semantic processing, a sentence’s semantic value is not its content but a partial and defeasible constraint on what it can be used to say. I show how to translate this thesis into (...)
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  50.  4
    Situations and Individuals.Paul D. Elbourne - 2005 - MIT Press.
    In Situations and Individuals, Paul Elbourne argues that the natural language expressions that have been taken to refer to individuals — pronouns, proper names, and definite descriptions — have a common syntax and semantics, roughly that of definite descriptions as construed in the tradition of Frege. In the course of his argument, Elbourne shows that proper names have previously undetected donkey anaphoric readings.This is contrary to previous theorizing and, if true, would undermine what philosophers call the direct reference theory (...)
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