Results for 'Simulated Universe'

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  1. The Simulated Universe.Brent Silby - 2009 - Philosophy Now 75 (75):28-30.
    This article explores the Simulated Universe argument with particular reference to Nick Bostrom’s formulation. After providing an exposition of the argument, I address two problems and conclude that we reject the possibility that we exist in a simulation.
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  2. Mathematical Shortcomings in a Simulated Universe.Samuel Alexander - 2018 - The Reasoner 12 (9):71-72.
    I present an argument that for any computer-simulated civilization we design, the mathematical knowledge recorded by that civilization has one of two limitations. It is untrustworthy, or it is weaker than our own mathematical knowledge. This is paradoxical because it seems that nothing prevents us from building in all sorts of advantages for the inhabitants of said simulation.
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  3.  85
    Learning From a Simulated Universe: The Limits of Realistic Modeling in Astrophysics and Cosmology.Stéphanie Ruphy - unknown
    As noticed recently by Winsberg (2003), how computer models and simulations get their epistemic credentials remains in need of epistemological scrutiny. My aim in this paper is to contribute to fill this gap by discussing underappreciated features of simulations (such as “path-dependency” and plasticity) which, I’ll argue, affect their validation. The focus will be on composite modeling of complex real-world systems in astrophysics and cosmology. The analysis leads to a reassessment of the epistemic goals actually achieved by this kind of (...)
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  4.  7
    Deterministic Automata Simulation, Universality and Minimality.Cristian Calude, Elena Calude & Bakhadyr Khoussainov - 1997 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 90 (1-3):263-276.
    Finite automata have been recently used as alternative, discrete models in theoretical physics, especially in problems related to the dichotomy between endophysical/intrinsic and exophysical/ extrinsic perception . These studies deal with Moore experiments; the main result states that it is impossible to determine the initial state of an automaton, and, consequently, a discrete model of Heisenberg uncertainty has been suggested. For this aim the classical theory of finite automata — which considers automata with initial states — is not adequate, and (...)
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  5. A Theodicy for Artificial Universes: Moral Considerations on Simulation Hypotheses.Stefano Gualeni - 2021 - International Journal of Technoethics 12 (1):21-31.
    ‘Simulation Hypotheses’ are imaginative scenarios that are typically employed in philosophy to speculate on how likely it is that we are currently living within a simulated universe as well as on our possibility for ever discerning whether we do in fact inhabit one. These philosophical questions in particular overshadowed other aspects and potential uses of simulation hypotheses, some of which are foregrounded in this article. More specifically, “A Theodicy for Artificial Universes” focuses on the moral implications of simulation (...)
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  6.  66
    Computer Simulation and Philosophy of Science: Eric Winsberg: Science in the Age of Computer Simulation. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010, 168pp, $24.00 PB.Wendy S. Parker - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):111-114.
    Computer simulation and philosophy of science Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9567-8 Authors Wendy S. Parker, Department of Philosophy, Ellis Hall 202, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  7.  4
    Simulation of Knowledge Transfer Process Model Between Universities: A Perspective of Cluster Innovation Network.Fang Wei & Xiao Limin - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-13.
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  8.  78
    Universal Belief-Desire Psychology? A Dilemma for Theory Theory and Simulation Theory.Derek W. Strijbos & Leon C. de Bruin - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (5):744-764.
    In this article we take issue with theory theory and simulation theory accounts of folk psychology committed to (i) the belief-desire (BD) model and (ii) the assumption of universality (AU). Recent studies cast doubt on the compatibility of these commitments because they reveal considerable cross-cultural differences in folk psychologies. We present both theory theory and simulation theory with the following dilemma: either (i) keep the BD-model as an account of the surface properties of specific explicit folk psychologies and give up (...)
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  9.  25
    Objectivity, Simulation and the Unity of Consciousness: Current Issues in the Philosophy of Mind Ed.Christopher Peacocke Oxford University Press,Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol.83,1994, 162 + Xxvi, £14.95. [REVIEW]Howard Robinson - 1995 - Philosophy 70 (273):469-472.
  10.  1
    Online Simulation Training of Child Sexual Abuse Interviews With Feedback Improves Interview Quality in Japanese University Students.Shumpei Haginoya, Shota Yamamoto, Francesco Pompedda, Makiko Naka, Jan Antfolk & Pekka Santtila - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  11. Is the Universe a Vast, Consciousness-Created Virtual Reality Simulation?Bernard Haisch - 2014 - Cosmos and History 10 (1):48-60.
    Two luminaries of 20th century astrophysics were Sir James Jeans and Sir Arthur Eddington. Both took seriously the view that there is more to reality than the physical universe and more to consciousness than simply brain activity. In his Science and the Unseen World Eddington speculated about a spiritual world and that "conscious is not wholly, nor even primarily a device for receiving sense impressions." Jeans also speculated on the existence of a universal mind and a non-mechanical reality, writing (...)
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  12.  67
    Semblance or Similarity? Reflections on Simulation and Similarity: Michael Weisberg: Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World. Oxford University Press, 2013. 224pp. ISBN 9780199933662, $65.00.Jay Odenbaugh - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (2):277-291.
    In this essay, I critically evaluate components of Michael Weisberg’s approach to models and modeling in his book Simulation and Similarity. First, I criticize his account of the ontology of models and mathematics. Second, I respond to his objections to fictionalism regarding models arguing that they fail. Third, I sketch a deflationary approach to models that retains many elements of his account but avoids the inflationary commitments.
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  13.  7
    Simulating Human Origins and Evolution. By Ken Wessen. Pp. 241+Xv. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005.) £70.00, ISBN 0-521-84399-5, Hardback. [REVIEW]Sonia Zakrzewski - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (1):157-158.
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  14.  75
    Simulation and Knowledge of Action.Jérôme Dokic & Joëlle Proust (eds.) - 2002 - John Benjamins.
    CHAPTER Simulation theory and mental concepts Alvin I. Goldman Rutgers University. Folk psychology and the TT-ST debate The study of folk psychology, ...
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  15.  83
    Robust Simulations.Ryan Muldoon - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):873-883.
    As scientists begin to study increasingly complex questions, many have turned to computer simulation to assist in their inquiry. This methodology has been challenged by both analytic modelers and experimentalists. A primary objection of analytic modelers is that simulations are simply too complicated to perform model verification. From the experimentalist perspective it is that there is no means to demonstrate the reality of simulation. The aim of this paper is to consider objections from both of these perspectives, and to argue (...)
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  16. Simulation and Transfer Results in Modal Logic – a Survey.Marcus Kracht & Frank Wolter - 1997 - Studia Logica 59 (2):149-177.
    This papers gives a survey of recent results about simulations of one class of modal logics by another class and of the transfer of properties of modal logics under extensions of the underlying modal language. We discuss: the transfer from normal polymodal logics to their fusions, the transfer from normal modal logics to their extensions by adding the universal modality, and the transfer from normal monomodal logics to minimal tense extensions. Likewise, we discuss simulations of normal polymodal logics by normal (...)
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  17.  65
    Confirmation Via Analogue Simulation: What Dumb Holes Could Tell Us About Gravity.Radin Dardashti, Karim P. Y. Thébault & Eric Winsberg - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1).
    In this article we argue for the existence of ‘analogue simulation’ as a novel form of scientific inference with the potential to be confirmatory. This notion is distinct from the modes of analogical reasoning detailed in the literature, and draws inspiration from fluid dynamical ‘dumb hole’ analogues to gravitational black holes. For that case, which is considered in detail, we defend the claim that the phenomena of gravitational Hawking radiation could be confirmed in the case that its counterpart is detected (...)
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  18.  23
    Viii Notes on Contributors Alvin Goldman is Board of Governors Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. His Principal Research Areas Are Episte-Mology, Philosophy of Mind, and Cognitive Science. His Most Recent Book is Simulating Minds (2006). [REVIEW]Frank Jackson, Jesse J. Prinz, Ernest Sosa & Kim Sterelny - 2009 - In Michael Bishop & Dominic Murphy (eds.), Stich and His Critics. Blackwell.
  19.  3
    Simulating the World: The Digital Enactment of Pandemics as a Mode of Global Self-Observation.Sven Opitz - 2017 - European Journal of Social Theory 20 (3):392-416.
    If the twentieth century was the age of the world picture taken as a photograph of the Whole Earth from outer space, today’s observations of the planet are produced by means of computer simulation. Pandemic models are of paramount sociological interest in this respect, since modelling contagion is closely intertwined with modelling the material connectivities of social life. By envisioning the global dynamics of disease transmission, pandemic simulations enact the relationscapes of a transnational world. This article seeks to analyse such (...)
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  20.  19
    How to Model the World?: Michael Weisberg: Simulation and Similarity. Using Models to Understand the World. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, 224pp, $58.25 HB.V. S. Pronskikh - 2014 - Metascience 23 (3):597-601.
    Simulation and Similarity is a novel and comprehensive account of, in first place, models and modeling. The author’s writing is exceptionally clear and intelligible. Simulation is referred to in the book only once, where it is defined as a kind of numerical analysis involving “computing the behavior of the model using a particular set of initial conditions” (82). Modeling, which is defined as “the indirect study of real-world systems via the construction and analysis of models” (4), appears to be the (...)
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  21.  92
    Simulation Theory and Interpersonal Utility Comparisons Reconsidered.Mauro Rossi - 2014 - Synthese 191 (6):1185-1210.
    According to a popular strategy amongst economists and philosophers, in order to solve the problem of interpersonal utility comparisons, we have to look at how ordinary people make such comparisons in everyday life. The most recent attempt to develop this strategy has been put forward by Goldman in his “Simulation and Interpersonal Utility” (Ethics 4:709–726, 1995). Goldman claims, first, that ordinary people make interpersonal comparisons by simulation and, second, that simulation is reliable for making interpersonal comparisons. In this paper, I (...)
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  22.  35
    Models, Mathematics, and Measurement: A Review of Reconstructing Reality by Margaret MorrisonMargaret Morrison, Reconstructing Reality: Models, Mathematics, and Simulations. Oxford: Oxford University Press , Viii+334 Pp., $65.00. [REVIEW]Paul Humphreys - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (4):627-633.
  23.  5
    Massive Simulation of Complex Behaviour.Max Urchs - 2016 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 48 (1):71-84.
    The promise of Newtonian science to create a universal precise explanation of all phenomena seems to be out-dated. “Cutting through complexity” may kill potential solutions. The complexity of real phenomena should be accepted and at best tamed by appropriate techniques. Complexity, a recent megatrend in the sciences, may effectuate another scientific revolution.
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  24.  46
    Simulation of Biological Evolution and the Nfl Theorems.Ronald Meester - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):461-472.
    William Dembski (No free lunch: why specified complexity cannot be purchased without intelligence, 2002) claimed that the NFL theorems from optimization theory render darwinian biological evolution impossible. Häggström (Biology and Philosophy 22:217–230, 2007) argued that the NFL theorems are not relevant for biological evolution at all, since the assumptions of the NFL theorems are not met. Although I agree with Häggström (Biology and Philosophy 22:217–230, 2007), in this article I argue that the NFL theorems should be interpreted as dealing with (...)
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  25.  23
    A Simulation Study on Word Order Bias.Tao Gong, James W. Minett & William S.-Y. Wang - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (1):51-76.
    The majority of the extant languages have one of three dominant basic word orders: SVO, SOV or VSO. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this word order bias, including the existence of a universal grammar, the learnability imposed by cognitive constraints, the descent of modern languages from an ancestral protolanguage, and the constraints from functional principles. We run simulations using a multi-agent computational model to study this bias. Following a local order approach, the model simulates individual language processing mechanisms (...)
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  26.  1
    Decision Tree Algorithm-Based Model and Computer Simulation for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Physical Education in Universities.Zhifei Zhang, Zijian Zhao & Doo-Seoung Yeom - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-11.
    In this paper, the forest algorithm and the decision tree algorithm are mainly used to analyze students’ physical education information, course exam results, and student learning data and relevant feature attributes from the online teaching platform. We aim to generate decision trees using the decision tree algorithm for the purpose of generating classification rules, based on which we can find factors that are important to students’ physical education performance and form data basis for improving teaching quality to help teaching management (...)
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  27.  15
    A Simulation Study on Word Order Bias.Tao Gong, James W. Minett & William S.-Y. Wang - 2009 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 10 (1):51-75.
    The majority of the extant languages have one of three dominant basic word orders: SVO, SOV or VSO. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this word order bias, including the existence of a universal grammar, the learnability imposed by cognitive constraints, the descent of modern languages from an ancestral protolanguage, and the constraints from functional principles. We run simulations using a multi-agent computational model to study this bias. Following a local order approach, the model simulates individual language processing mechanisms (...)
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  28.  79
    Eric Winsberg: Science in the Age of Computer Simulation: The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 2010, 168 Pp., $ 24.00 , ISBN: 978-0-226-90204-3. [REVIEW]Stefan Gruner - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (2):251-254.
  29.  30
    Unreal Zoos Stephen Spotte, Zoos in Postmodernism: Signs and Simulation. Madison and Teaneck: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2006. 208 Pages. [REVIEW]Matthew Chrulew - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (1):97-100.
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  30.  93
    Simulation of Biological Evolution Under Attack, but Not Really: A Response to Meester.Stefaan Blancke, Maarten Boudry & Johan Braeckman - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):113-118.
    The leading Intelligent Design theorist William Dembski (Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham MD, 2002) argued that the first No Free Lunch theorem, first formulated by Wolpert and Macready (IEEE Trans Evol Comput 1: 67–82, 1997), renders Darwinian evolution impossible. In response, Dembski’s critics pointed out that the theorem is irrelevant to biological evolution. Meester (Biol Phil 24: 461–472, 2009) agrees with this conclusion, but still thinks that the theorem does apply to simulations of evolutionary processes. According to Meester, the theorem shows (...)
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  31.  1
    Human Simulation: Perspectives, Insights, and Applications.Saikou Y. Diallo, Wesley J. Wildman, F. LeRon Shults & Andreas Tolk (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This uniquely inspirational and practical book explores human simulation, which is the application of computational modeling and simulation to research subjects in the humanities disciplines. It delves into the fascinating process of collaboration among experts who usually don’t have much to do with one another – computer engineers and humanities scholars – from the perspective of the humanities scholars. It also explains the process of developing models and simulations in these interdisciplinary teams. Each chapter takes the reader on a journey, (...)
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  32. Freak Observers and the Simulation Argument.Lyle Crawford - 2013 - Ratio 26 (3):250-264.
    The simulation hypothesis claims that the whole observable universe, including us, is a computer simulation implemented by technologically advanced beings for an unknown purpose. The simulation argument (as I reconstruct it) is an argument for this hypothesis with moderately plausible premises. I develop two lines of objection to the simulation argument. The first takes the form of a structurally similar argument for a conflicting conclusion, the claim that I am a so-called freak observer, formed spontaneously in a quantum or (...)
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  33.  4
    Calculating surprises: a review for a philosophy of computer simulations: Johannes Lenhard: Calculated Surprises. A philosophy of computer simulations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019, 256pp, 64,12 €.Juan M. Durán - 2020 - Metascience 29 (2):337-340.
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  34.  2
    Eric Winsberg: Science in the Age of Computer Simulation: The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 2010, 168 Pp., $24.00 (Paper), ISBN: 978-0-226-90204-3 (Book Review). [REVIEW]Stefan Gruner - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (2):251-254.
  35.  71
    Natural Evil and the Simulation Hypothesis.David Kyle Johnson - 2011 - Philo 14 (2):161-175.
    Some theists maintain that they need not answer the threat posed to theistic belief by natural evil; they have reason enough to believe that God exists and it renders impotent any threat that natural evil poses to theism. Explicating how God and natural evil coexist is not necessary since they already know both exist. I will argue that, even granting theists the knowledge they claim, this does not leave them in an agreeable position. It commits the theist to a very (...)
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  36.  16
    Simulation in Higher Education: A Sociomaterial View.Nick Hopwood, Donna Rooney, David Boud & Michelle Kelly - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (2):165-178.
    This article presents a sociomaterial account of simulation in higher education. Sociomaterial approaches change the ontological and epistemological bases for understanding learning and offer valuable tools for addressing important questions about relationships between university education and professional practices. Simulation has grown in many disciplines as a means to bring the two closer together. However, the theoretical underpinnings of simulation pedagogy are limited. This paper extends the wider work of applying sociomaterial approaches to educational phenomena, taking up Schatzki’s practice theory as (...)
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  37. Framework for Models and Simulations with Agents in Regard to Agent Simulations in Social Sciences: Emulation and Simulation.Franck Varenne - 2010 - In Alexandre Muzy, David R. C. Hill & Bernard P. Zeigler (eds.), Activity-Based Modeling and Simulation. Presses Universitaires Blaise-Pascal.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss the “Framework for M&S with Agents” (FMSA) proposed by Zeigler et al. [2000, 2009] in regard to the diverse epistemological aims of agent simulations in social sciences. We first show that there surely are great similitudes, hence that the aim to emulate a universal “automated modeler agent” opens new ways of interactions between these two domains of M&S with agents. E.g., it can be shown that the multi-level conception at the core of (...)
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  38.  17
    The Simulation of Verbal Communication Activities.J. J. Sparkes - 1976 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 10:162-173.
    One lesson the Open University teaches its academic staff is to be wary of misjudging the level and character of the conceptual development of others. This lesson, coupled with previous encounters I have had with philosophers and psychologists, has taught me with great clarity that I, an electronic engineer-cumphysicist with, I must admit, philosophical leanings, am likely to make errors about your preconceptions, your use of words and the meanings you attach to them, particularly such words as memory, concept, recognition (...)
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  39.  13
    The Simplicity Assumption and Some Implications of the Simulation Argument for Our Civilization.Lorenzo Pieri - manuscript
    According to the most common interpretation of the simulation argument, we are very likely to live in an ancestor simulation. It is interesting to ask if some families of simulations are more likely than others inside the space of all simulations. We argue that a natural probability measure is given by computational complexity: easier simulations are more likely to be run. Remarkably this allows us to extract experimental predictions from the fact that we live in a simulation. For instance we (...)
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  40.  41
    Agent-Based Computer Simulation and Ethics: Steven Mascaro, Kevin B. Korb, Ann E. Nicholson and Owen Woodberry: Evolving Ethics: The New Science of Good and Evil. Exeter, UK: Imprint Academic, 2010, Xv+259pp, £17.95 PB. [REVIEW]Beckett Sterner - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):403-407.
    Agent-based computer simulation and ethics Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9660-7 Authors Beckett Sterner, Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science, The University of Chicago, Social Sciences Building 205, 1126 E 59th St, Chicago, IL 60637, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  41.  2
    The Simulation of Verbal Communication Activities.J. J. Sparkes - 1976 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 10:162-173.
    One lesson the Open University teaches its academic staff is to be wary of misjudging the level and character of the conceptual development of others. This lesson, coupled with previous encounters I have had with philosophers and psychologists, has taught me with great clarity that I, an electronic engineer-cumphysicist with, I must admit, philosophical leanings, am likely to make errors about your preconceptions, your use of words and the meanings you attach to them, particularly such words as memory, concept, recognition (...)
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  42.  2
    Simulation-Based Optimisation for Urban Environmental Noise Coupled with Auditory and Visual Subjective Evaluation.Yizhou Wu, Wentao Li, Jiacheng Yang, Siqin Wu, Heyuan You, Shenyan Wu, Xin Wu & Xuxu Guo - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-21.
    Environmental noise has a major negative impact, causing interference for people to communicate, rest, sleep, and general annoyance. In order to control urban environmental noise, simulation-based optimisation for urban environmental noise is conducted. On the basis of the current acoustic environment of Zhaohui Campus of Zhejiang University of Technology, three optimisation plans that include noise barrier optimisation, greenbelt optimisation, and a combination optimisation of noise barrier and greenbelt are proposed. These scenarios are simulated using NoiseSystem software to obtain their (...)
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  43.  92
    The Mathematical Universe.Max Tegmark - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 38 (2):101-150.
    I explore physics implications of the External Reality Hypothesis (ERH) that there exists an external physical reality completely independent of us humans. I argue that with a sufficiently broad definition of mathematics, it implies the Mathematical Universe Hypothesis (MUH) that our physical world is an abstract mathematical structure. I discuss various implications of the ERH and MUH, ranging from standard physics topics like symmetries, irreducible representations, units, free parameters, randomness and initial conditions to broader issues like consciousness, parallel universes (...)
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  44.  51
    Design, Development, and Evaluation of an Interactive Simulator for Engineering Ethics Education (Seee).Christopher A. Chung & Michael Alfred - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):189-199.
    Societal pressures, accreditation organizations, and licensing agencies are emphasizing the importance of ethics in the engineering curriculum. Traditionally, this subject has been taught using dogma, heuristics, and case study approaches. Most recently a number of organizations have sought to increase the utility of these approaches by utilizing the Internet. Resources from these organizations include on-line courses and tests, videos, and DVDs. While these individual approaches provide a foundation on which to base engineering ethics, they may be limited in developing a (...)
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  45.  39
    Alvin I. Goldman, Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience of Mindreading. [REVIEW]Susan Stuart - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (2):279-282.
    Alvin I. Goldman, Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience of Mindreading Content Type Journal Article Pages 279-282 DOI 10.1007/s11023-009-9142-x Authors Susan Stuart, University of Glasgow Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute 11 University Gardens Glasgow G12 8QQ Scotland, UK Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 19 Journal Issue Volume 19, Number 2.
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  46.  75
    Meta-Induction and Social Epistemology: Computer Simulations of Prediction Games.Gerhard Schurz - 2009 - Episteme 6 (2):200-220.
    The justification of induction is of central significance for cross-cultural social epistemology. Different ‘epistemological cultures’ do not only differ in their beliefs, but also in their belief-forming methods and evaluation standards. For an objective comparison of different methods and standards, one needs (meta-)induction over past successes. A notorious obstacle to the problem of justifying induction lies in the fact that the success of object-inductive prediction methods (i.e., methods applied at the level of events) can neither be shown to be universally (...)
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  47. Optimization and Simulation of Controller Area Network Communication Model Based on Industrial Internet of Things Platform.Haifeng Lin & Lin Du - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-11.
    The Internet of Things is an information carrier based on network communication, and it can make all general physical objects which can be independently addressed from an interconnected network. Controller Area Network is a kind of serial communication network which can effectively support distributed control or real-time control. This paper proposes the design of an IoT-oriented universal CAN bus. In order to build a complete CAN communication simulation model, message sending and message receiving models are constructed, respectively. The simulation experiment (...)
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  48.  1
    Analysis and Simulation of Intervention Strategies Against Bus Bunching by Means of an Empirical Agent-Based Model.Wei Liang Quek, Ning Ning Chung, Vee-Liem Saw & Lock Yue Chew - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-24.
    In this paper, we propose an empirically based Monte Carlo bus-network model as a test bed to simulate intervention strategies to overcome the inefficiencies of bus bunching. The EMB model is an agent-based model which utilizes the positional and temporal data of the buses obtained from the Global Positioning System to constitute a set of empirical velocity distributions of the buses and a set of exponential distributions of interarrival time of passengers at the bus stops. Monte Carlo sampling is then (...)
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  49.  26
    Universe Creation on a Computer.Gordon McCabe - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (4):591-625.
    The purpose of this paper is to provide an account of the epistemology and metaphysics of universe creation on a computer. The paper begins with F.J.Tipler's argument that our experience is indistinguishable from the experience of someone embedded in a perfect computer simulation of our own universe, hence we cannot know whether or not we are part of such a computer program ourselves. Tipler's argument is treated as a special case of epistemological scepticism, in a similar vein to (...)
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  50.  10
    Forecasting the Acquisition of University Spin-Outs: An RBF Neural Network Approach.Weiwei Liu, Zhile Yang & Kexin Bi - 2017 - Complexity:1-8.
    University spin-outs, creating businesses from university intellectual property, are a relatively common phenomena. As a knowledge transfer channel, the spin-out business model is attracting extensive attention. In this paper, the impacts of six equities on the acquisition of USOs, including founders, university, banks, business angels, venture capitals, and other equity, are comprehensively analyzed based on theoretical and empirical studies. Firstly, the average distribution of spin-out equity at formation is calculated based on the sample data of 350 UK USOs. According to (...)
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