Results for 'Simon James Prosser'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Infinitely Demanding Anarchism: An Interview with Simon Critchley.Simon Critchley & Seferin James - 2009 - Perspectives: International Postgraduate Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):3-21.
  2. Memory and Philosophy. Vol. 1. Individual Memory Between Cognition and Individuation.Simone Guidi & Steven James (eds.) - 2019 - Roma RM, Italia: Lo Sguardo.
    Why do we remember? And, for that matter, what is remembering? Placed between body and mind, the phenomenon of memory simultaneously involves biological, psychological, semiotic, and metaphysical elements. Memory’s place at the heart of our understanding of ourselves is why many of the greatest philosophers of all the time have dealt with the problem – or, better, have had to deal with it. Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Descartes, Locke, Kant, Hegel, Bergson, Russell, and Wittgenstein, are just a few among many who (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  3
    Reconsidering Triage: Medical, Ethical and Historical Perspectives on Planning for Mass Casualty Events in Military and Civilian Settings.Simon Horne, Robert James, Heather Draper & Emily Mayhew - 2023 - In Sheena M. Eagan & Daniel Messelken (eds.), Resource Scarcity in Austere Environments: An Ethical Examination of Triage and Medical Rules of Eligibility. Springer Verlag. pp. 33-54.
    A mass casualty (MASCAL) event is different to a major incident. The crux of this difference is that in a major incident, by the adoption of special measures, normal or near-normal standards of care can be maintained. In a MASCAL, irrespective of what special measures are instituted, standards of care inevitably drop. This is a, currently unmet, challenge for medical planning and planning policy. Twenty-First century weaponry is capable of producing thousands of causalities a day over a period of several (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Falkenfeld, Hellmuth, Die Musik der Schlachten.James Simon - 1918 - Kant Studien 22:177.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  6
    Nurturing democracy, citizenship and civic virtue: The Kids Voting program revisited.James L. Simon, Bruce D. Merrill & Nicholas Alozie - 1998 - Journal of Social Studies Research 22 (1).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Boosting Voter Turnout: The Kids Voting Program.Bruce D. Merrill, James Simon & Elaine Adrian - 1994 - Journal of Social Studies Research 18:2-7.
  7.  1
    Ludwig Feuerbach und Richard Wagner.James Simon - 1923 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 28:191.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  4
    Ludwig Feuerbach und Richard Wagner.James Simon - 1923 - Kant Studien 28 (1-2):191.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Falkenfeld, Hellmuth, Die Musik der Schlachten. [REVIEW]James Simon - 1918 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 22:177.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Experiencing Time.Simon Prosser - 2016 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press UK.
    Our engagement with time is a ubiquitous feature of our lives. We are aware of time on many scales, from the briefest flicker of change to the way our lives unfold over many years. But to what extent does this encounter reveal the true nature of temporal reality? To the extent that temporal reality is as it seems, how do we come to be aware of it? And to the extent that temporal reality is not as it seems, why does (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  11. Immunity to error through misidentification.Simon Prosser & François Recanati (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of newly commissioned essays, the contributors present a variety of approaches to it, engaging with historical and empirical aspects of the subject as well as contemporary philosophical work.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  12. Sources of Immunity to Error Through Misidentification.Simon Prosser - 2012 - In Simon Prosser Francois Recanati (ed.), Immunity to Error Through Misidentification: New Essays. Cambridge University Press. pp. 158-179.
    Saying ┌ that ψ is F ┐ when one should have said ┌ that φ is F ┐ involves making one of two different kinds of error. Either the wrong nominal term (┌ ψ ┐ instead of ┌ φ ┐) is ascribed to the right object or the right nominal term is ascribed to the wrong object. Judgments susceptible to one kind of error are immune to the other. Indexical terms such as ‘here’ and ‘now’ exhibit a corresponding pattern of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  13. Why Does Time Seem to Pass?Simon Prosser - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (1):92-116.
    According to the B-theory, the passage of time is an illusion. The B-theory therefore requires an explanation of this illusion before it can be regarded as fullysatisfactory; yet very few B-theorists have taken up the challenge of trying to provide one. In this paper I take some first steps toward such an explanation by first making a methodological proposal, then a hypothesis about a key element in the phenomenology of temporal passage. The methodological proposal focuses onthe representational content of the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  14. Shared modes of presentation.Simon Prosser - 2018 - Mind and Language 34 (4):465-482.
    What is it for two people to think of an object, natural kind or other entity under the same mode of presentation (MOP)? This has seemed a particularly difficult question for advocates of the Mental Files approach, the Language of Thought, or other ‘atomistic’ theories. In this paper I propose a simple answer. I first argue that, by parallel with the synchronic intrapersonal case, the sharing of a MOP should involve a certain kind of epistemic transparency between the token thoughts (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  15. Could we experience the passage of time?Simon Prosser - 2007 - Ratio 20 (1):75-90.
    This is an expanded and revised discussion of the argument briefly put forward in my 'A New Problem for the A-Theory of Time', where it is claimed that it is impossible to experience real temporal passage and that no such phenomenon exists. In the first half of the paper the premises of the argument are discussed in more detail than before. In the second half responses are given to several possible objections, none of which were addressed in the earlier paper. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  16. Passage and Perception.Simon Prosser - 2011 - Noûs 47 (1):69-84.
    The nature of experience has been held to be a major reason for accepting the A-theory of time. I argue, however, that experience does not favour the A-theory over the B-theory; and that even if the A-theory were true it would not be possible to perceive the passage of time. The main argument for this draws on the constraint that a satisfactory theory of perception must explain why phenomenal characters map uniquely onto perceived worldly features. Thus, if passage is perceived, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  17. XII—Why Are Indexicals Essential?Simon Prosser - 2015 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 115 (3pt3):211-233.
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 115, Issue 3pt3, Page 211-233, December 2015.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  18. Affordances and Phenomenal Character in Spatial Perception.Simon Prosser - 2011 - Philosophical Review 120 (4):475-513.
    Intentionalism is the view that the phenomenal character of a conscious experience is wholly determined by, or even reducible to, its representational content. In this essay I put forward a version of intentionalism that allows (though does not require) the reduction of phenomenal character to representational content. Unlike other reductionist theories, however, it does not require the acceptance of phenomenal externalism (the view that phenomenal character does not supervene on the internal state of the subject). According the view offered here, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  19. A new problem for the A-theory of time.Simon Prosser - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):494-498.
    : I offer a new approach to the increasingly convoluted debate between the A- and B-theories of time, the ‘tensed’ and ‘tenseless’ theories. It is often assumed that the B-theory faces more difficulties than the A-theory in explaining the apparently tensed features of temporal experience. I argue that the A-theory cannot explain these features at all, because on any physicalist or supervenience theory of the mind, in which the nature of experience is fixed by the physical state of the world, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  20. The Metaphysics of Mental Files.Simon Prosser - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 100 (3):657-676.
    There is much to be said for a diachronic or interpersonal individuation of singular modes of presentation (MOPs) in terms of a criterion of epistemic transparency between thought tokens. This way of individuating MOPs has been discussed recently within the mental files framework, though the issues discussed here arise for all theories that individuate MOPs in terms of relations among tokens. All such theories face objections concerning apparent failures of the transitivity of the ‘same MOP’ relation. For mental files, these (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  21. Cognitive dynamics and indexicals.Simon Prosser - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (4):369–391.
    Frege held that indexical thoughts could be retained through changes of context that required a change of indexical term. I argue that Frege was partially right in that a singular mode of presentation can be retained through changes of indexical. There must, however, be a further mode of presentation that changes when the indexical term changes. This suggests that indexicals should be regarded as complex demonstratives; a change of indexical term is like a change between 'that φ' and 'that ψ', (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  22. Experience, thought, and the metaphysics of time.Simon Prosser - 2013 - In Kasia M. Jaszczolt & Louis de Saussure (eds.), Time: Language, Cognition & Reality. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--157.
    In this chapter I argue that there can be no mental representation of objective ‘tensed’ features of reality of the kind that might be thought to occur when we experience time passing or think of times as past, present or future, whether or not such features are part of mind-independent reality. This, I hold, has important consequences for metaphysics; but (as will be most relevant to this volume) it is also likely to have important consequences for a correct semantics for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23. Temporal metaphysics in z-land.Simon Prosser - 2006 - Synthese 149 (1):77 - 96.
    John Perry has argued that language, thought and experience often contain unarticulated constituents. I argue that this idea holds the key to explaining away the intuitive appeal of the A-theory of time and the endurance theory of persistence. The A-theory has seemed intuitively appealing because the nature of temporal experience makes it natural for us to use one-place predicates like past to deal with what are really two-place relations, one of whose constituents is unarticulated. The endurance view can be treated (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  24. Replies to Deng, Lee, and Skow.Simon Prosser - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):328-350.
    This paper is a contribution to a book symposium on my book Experiencing Time. I reply to comments on the book by Natalja Deng, Geoffrey Lee and Bradford Skow. Although several chapters of the book are discussed, the main focus of my reply is on Chapters 2 and 6. In Chapter 2 I argue that the putative mind-independent passage of time could not be experienced, and from this I develop an argument against the A-theory of time. In Chapter 6 I (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25. The Passage of Time.Simon Prosser - 2013 - In Adrian Bardon Heather Dyke (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Time. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 315-327.
    This chapter discusses the notion that time passes, along with two major families of objections to this notion. The first kind of objection concerns the rate at which time passes; it has often been suggested that no coherent rate can be given. The alleged problems for the standard view, that time passes at one second per second, are discussed. A positive suggestion is then made for a way of making sense of the claim that time passes at one second per (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26. The eleatic non-stick frying pan.Simon Prosser - 2006 - Analysis 66 (3):187–194.
    A novel way of making a non-stick frying pan using a topologically open surface is described. While the article has a slight humorous element to it, it is also intended to contain some serious philosophical points concerning the nature of infinitely divisible matter and the kind of contact that must occur between objects in order for them to interact.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  27. Zeno objects and supervenience.Simon Prosser - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):18 - 26.
    Many philosophers accept a ‘layered’ world‐view according to which the facts about the higher ontological levels supervene on the facts about the lower levels. Advocates of such views often have in mind a version of atomism, according to which there is a fundamental level of indivisible objects known as simples or atoms upon whose spatiotemporal locations and intrinsic properties everything at the higher levels supervenes.1 Some, however, accept the possibility of ‘gunk’ worlds in which there are parts ‘all the way (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28. Emergent Causation.Simon Prosser - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (1):21-39.
    Downward causation is commonly held to create problems for ontologically emergent properties. In this paper I describe two novel examples of ontologically emergent properties and show how they avoid two main problems of downward causation, the causal exclusion problem and the causal closure problem. One example involves an object whose colour does not logically supervene on the colours of its atomic parts. The other example is inspired by quantum entanglement cases but avoids controversies regarding quantum mechanics. These examples show that (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29. The Two-Dimensional Content of Consciousness.Simon Prosser - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 136 (3):319 - 349.
    In this paper I put forward a representationalist theory of conscious experience based on Robert Stalnaker's version of two-dimensional modal semantics. According to this theory the phenomenal character of an experience correlates with a content equivalent to what Stalnaker calls the diagonal proposition. I show that the theory is closely related both to functionalist theories of consciousness and to higher-order representational theories. It is also more compatible with an anti-Cartesian view of the mind than standard representationalist theories.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  29
    The emergence of linguistic structure: An overview of the iterated learning model.Simon Kirby & James R. Hurford - 2002 - In A. Cangelosi & D. Parisi (eds.), Simulating the Evolution of Language. Springer Verlag. pp. 121--147.
  31.  4
    The presence of nature: a study in phenomenology and environmental philosophy.Simon P. James - 2009 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Are any nonhuman animals conscious? Why, if at all, should we strive to conserve natural environments? In what sense are we parts of nature? In this book, Simon James draws on a range of philosophical and literary sources to develop original answers to these and other questions, setting out a refreshingly new approach to environmental philosophy"--Provided by publisher.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  32.  19
    Locating the contradiction in our understanding of time.Simon Prosser - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    I offer some clarification concerning the kind of contradiction that Hoerl & McCormack's account could help explain and the scope of the metaphysical intuitions that could be explained by such a theory. I conclude that we need to know more about the sense in which the temporal reasoning system would represent time as a dimension.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  23
    Contextual predictability shapes signal autonomy.James Winters, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith - 2018 - Cognition 176 (C):15-30.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  34. Zen Buddhism and Environmental Ethics.Simon P. James - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (2):281-283.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  35. [Book Chapter] (Unpublished).James R. Hurford & Simon Kirby - 1998
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  36.  69
    Self domestication and the evolution of language.James Thomas & Simon Kirby - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):9.
    We set out an account of how self-domestication plays a crucial role in the evolution of language. In doing so, we focus on the growing body of work that treats language structure as emerging from the process of cultural transmission. We argue that a full recognition of the importance of cultural transmission fundamentally changes the kind of questions we should be asking regarding the biological basis of language structure. If we think of language structure as reflecting an accumulated set of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  37. Ontological theory for ontological engineering: Biomedical systems information integration.James M. Fielding, Jonathan Simon, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith - 2004 - In Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR2004), Whistler, BC, 2-5 June 2004. AMIA. pp. 114–120.
    Software application ontologies have the potential to become the keystone in state-of-the-art information management techniques. It is expected that these ontologies will support the sort of reasoning power required to navigate large and complex terminologies correctly and efficiently. Yet, there is one problem in particular that continues to stand in our way. As these terminological structures increase in size and complexity, and the drive to integrate them inevitably swells, it is clear that the level of consistency required for such navigation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  38.  31
    Foster, John. The Nature of Perception. [REVIEW]Simon Prosser - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (1):132-134.
    This is a review of John Foster's book, The Nature of Perception (OUP, 2000).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  5
    The Nature of Perception. [REVIEW]Simon Prosser - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (1):132-133.
    Following his earlier books The Case for Idealism and The Immaterial Self John Foster once again defends a form of idealism. For much of this book, however, idealism remains in the background. Instead, the focus is on theories of perception; Foster examines what purports to be an exhaustive taxonomy of physical realist theories of perception and, finding each one wanting, portrays idealism as the only acceptable alternative. The arguments, a selection of which are summarized below, are highly organized and clearly (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  28
    Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction.Simon P. James - 2015 - Polity.
    Climate change, habitat loss, rising extinction rates - such problems call for more than just new policies and practices. They raise fundamental questions about the world and our place in it. What, for instance, is the natural world? Do we humans belong to it? Which parts of it are we morally obliged to protect? Drawing on an exceptionally wide range of sources, from virtue ethics to Buddhism, leading environmental philosopher Simon P. James sets out to answer these vitally (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  18
    Human Virtues and Natural Values.Simon P. James - 2006 - Environmental Ethics 28 (4):339-353.
    In several works, Holmes Rolston, III has argued that a satisfactory environmental ethic cannot be built on a virtue ethical foundation. His first argument amounts to the charge that because virtue ethics is by nature “self-centered” or egoistic, it is also inherently “human-centered” and hence ill suited to treating environmental matters. According to his second argument, virtue ethics is perniciously human-centeredsince it “locates” the value of a thing, not in the thing itself, but in the agent who is “ennobled” by (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  85
    “Thing-Centered” Holism in Buddhism, Heidegger, and Deep Ecology.Simon P. James - 2000 - Environmental Ethics 22 (4):359-375.
    I address the problem of reconciling environmental holism with the intrinsic value of individual beings. Drawing upon Madhyamaka Buddhism, the later philosophy of Martin Heidegger, and deep ecology, I present a distinctly holistic conception of nature that, nevertheless, retains a commitment to the intrinsic worth of individual beings. I conclude with an examination of the practical implications of this “thing-centered holism” for environmental ethics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  43.  35
    Women's Movements in America: Their Successes, Disappointments, and Aspirations.Rita James Simon & Gloria Danziger - 1991 - Praeger.
    This work is a survey of the efforts through which women have changed their place in American society from the nation's founding to the present. Examining the historical struggle for suffrage, legal and property rights, and rights in the work place, the authors show how these experiences have shaped a contemporary movement for economic, political, and social equality that has become increasingly independent and less and less likely to place women's issues second to other national concerns. The authors recount a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Levinas and 'Finite Freedom'.James H. P. Lewis & Simon Thornton - 2022 - In Joe Saunders (ed.), Freedom After Kant: From German Idealism to Ethics and the Self. London: Blackwell's.
    The ethical philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas is typically associated with a punishing conception of responsibility rather than freedom. In this chapter, our aim is to explore Levinas’s often overlooked theory of freedom. Specifically, we compare Levinas’s account of freedom to the Kantian (and Fichtean) idea of freedom as autonomy and the Hegelian idea of freedom as relational. Based on these comparisons, we suggest that Levinas offers a distinctive conception of freedom—“finite freedom.” In contrast to Kantian autonomy, finite freedom constitutively involves (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  17
    Brief report.Simone Schnall & James Laird - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (5):787-797.
  46.  29
    Co-evolution of language-size and the critical period.James R. Hurford & Simon Kirby - 1998 - In [Book Chapter] (Unpublished).
    Species evolve, very slowly, through selection of genes which give rise to phenotypes well adapted to their environments. The cultures, including the languages, of human communities evolve, much faster, maintaining at least a minimum level of adaptedness to the external, non- cultural environment. In the phylogenetic evolution of species, the transmission of information across generations is via copying of molecules, and innovation is by mutation and sexual recombination. In cultural evolution, the transmission of information across generations is by learning, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  3
    The Ethiopian Campaign and French Political Thought.Yves R. Simon & A. James McAdams - 2009 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    "While it is true that Yves R. Simon did not intend this to be a history book, The Ethiopian Campaign and French Political Thought is an important historical work well deserving of a close reading by students of twentieth-century European history and international relations. This book, which finds a worthy English translation after too many years, was Simon's first serious foray into the public square on the side of justice and the common good. Simon's analysis is wide-ranging, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  27
    Natural Meanings and Cultural Values.Simon P. James - 2019 - Environmental Ethics 41 (1):3-16.
    In many cases, rivers, mountains, forests, and other so-called natural entities have value for us because they contribute to our well-being. According to the standard model of such value, they have instrumental or “service” value for us on account of their causal powers. That model tends, however, to come up short when applied to cases when nature contributes to our well-being by virtue of the religious, political, historical, personal, or mythic meanings it bears. To make sense of such cases, a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  49.  24
    Why Old Things Matter.Simon P. James - 2015 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (3):313-329.
    It is, I suggest, unclear whether any old inanimate objects deserve to be treated with respect simply because they are old. Yet this does not entail that an object’s age has no bearing at all on the question of how it may permissibly be treated. I defend the claim that those who fail to take seriously the histories of old inanimate objects typically deserve to be criticized on aretaic grounds. Such people, I argue, tend to lack the virtue of humility.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  50.  20
    Why Old Things Matter.Simon James - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):313-329.
    It is, I suggest, unclear whether any old inanimate objects deserve to be treated with respect simply because they are old. Yet this does not entail that an object’s age has no bearing at all on the question of how it may permissibly be treated. I defend the claim that those who fail to take seriously the histories of old inanimate objects typically deserve to be criticized on aretaic grounds. Such people, I argue, tend to lack the virtue of humility.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000