Results for 'Shirli Kopelman'

113 found
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  1.  21
    The Price of Equality: Suboptimal Resource Allocations Across Social Categories.Stephen M. Garcia, Max H. Bazerman, Shirli Kopelman, Avishalom Tor & Dale T. Miller - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (1):75-88.
    This paper explores the influence of social categories on the perceived trade-off between a relatively bad but equal distribution of resources between two parties and a profit maximizing yet unequal one. Studies 1 and 2 showed that people prefer to maximize profitswhen interacting within their social category, but chose not to maximize individual and joint profits when interacting across social categories. Study 3 demonstrated that outside observers, who were not members of the focal social categories, also were less likely to (...)
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  2.  25
    The Price of Equality: Suboptimal Resource Allocations Across Social Categories.Stephen M. Garcia, Max H. Bazerman, Shirli Kopelman, Avishalom Tor & Dale T. Miller - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (1):75-88.
    This paper explores the influence of social categories on the perceived trade-off between a relatively bad but equal distribution of resources between two parties and a profit maximizing yet unequal one. Studies 1 and 2 showed that people prefer to maximize profitswhen interacting within their social category, but chose not to maximize individual and joint profits when interacting across social categories. Study 3 demonstrated that outside observers, who were not members of the focal social categories, also were less likely to (...)
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  3.  7
    Information Structure: The Syntax-Discourse Interface.Nomi Erteschik-Shir - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This introduction to the role of information structure in grammar discusses a wide range of phenomena on the syntax-information structure interface. It examines theories of information structure and considers their effectiveness in explaining whether and how information structure maps onto syntax in discourse. Professor Erteschik-Shir begins by discussing the basic notions and properties of information structure, such as topic and focus, and considers their properties from different theoretical perspectives. She covers definitions of topic and focus, architectures of grammar, information structure, (...)
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  4.  4
    Musicality Was Not Selected for, Rather Humans Have a Good Reason to Learn Music.Shir Atzil & Lior Abramson - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    We propose that not social bonding, but rather a different mechanism underlies the development of musicality: being unable to survive alone. The evolutionary constraint of being dependent on other humans for survival provides the ultimate driving force for acquiring human faculties such as sociality and musicality, through mechanisms of learning and neural plasticity. This evolutionary mechanism maximizes adaptation to a dynamic environment.
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  5.  30
    Children as Research Subjects: A Dilemma.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (6):723-744.
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  6.  5
    La conciencia desgraciada hacia el reencuentro del amor: Hegel y Rosenzweig.Shirly Mariel Catz - 2019 - Universitas Philosophica 36 (73):17-38.
    The Star of Redemption is proposed as a criticism of Hegel’s thought and its logic of the Aufhebung, but Rosenzweig does not deny the truth of Hegel’s system, only the idea that it is absolute. From this point of view, Rosenzweig takes up “another” Hegel: that of his early writings—from which he draws Hegel’s conception of love—and that of The Phenomenology of Spirit—in which he searches for a system that is linked to experience. Based on these particular aspects of Hegel’s (...)
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  7. Metáforas Lévinasianas.Shirly Catz - 2021 - In Samuel M. Cabanchik & Sebastián Botticelli (eds.), Humanismo y posthumanismo: crisis, restituciones y disputas. Teseo.
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  8.  9
    Kein Antisemitismus, sondern notwendige Kritik: Erwiderung auf Lührs’ Angriff auf Ulrich Duchrow in der Zeitschrift für Evangelische Ethik.Shir Hever - 2019 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 63 (2):137-142.
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  9.  12
    Entgegnungen: Antwort auf Lührs’ Kommentar »Selbstdemontage«.Shir Hever & Ulrich Duchrow - 2019 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 63 (2):145-147.
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  10.  1
    Perceptions of Art Therapy in Adolescent Clients Treated Within the School System.Shir Harpazi, Dafna Regev, Sharon Snir & Racheli Raubach-Kaspy - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  11.  74
    Wittgenstein's Aesthetics and the Theory of Literature.Jay Shir - 1978 - British Journal of Aesthetics 18 (1):3-11.
  12.  68
    Truth and Verisimilitude.Jay Shir - 1980 - British Journal of Aesthetics 20 (3):254-256.
  13.  16
    Symbolism and Autosymbolism.Jay Shir - 1978 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (1):81-89.
  14.  71
    Wh-Questions and Focus.Nomi Erteschik-Shir - 1986 - Linguistics and Philosophy 9 (2):117 - 149.
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  15.  27
    Not All Selfies Took Alike: Distinct Selfie Motivations Are Related to Different Personality Characteristics.Etgar Shir & Amichai-Hamburger Yair - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  16.  9
    The Incompatibility of the United Nations' Goals and Conventionalist Ethical Relativism.Phd Loretta M. Kopelman - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):234–243.
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  17.  10
    The Volume in Commemoration of the 500th Anniversary of His Birth.N. Martinovitch, Mīr 'Alī Shīr & Mir 'Ali Shir - 1929 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 49:185.
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  18. Dren and Health Care: Moral and Social Issues. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Press, 1989: Xx-Xx. Weijer C. Thinking Clearly About Re. [REVIEW]L. Kopelman & J. Moskop - 2000 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 22.
     
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  19. Case Method and Casuistry: The Problem of Bias.Loretta M. Kopelman - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).
    Case methods of reasoning are persuasive, but we need to address problems of bias in order to use them to reach morally justifiable conclusions. A bias is an unwarranted inclination or a special perspective that disposes us to mistaken or one-sided judgments. The potential for bias arises at each stage of a case method of reasoning including in describing, framing, selecting and comparing of cases and paradigms. A problem of bias occurs because to identify the relevant features for such purposes, (...)
     
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  20.  5
    Autobiographical Memory in Clinical Research and Practice.Michael D. Kopelman - 1992 - In Martin A. Conway, David C. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 427--450.
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  21. Research Policy: Risk and Vulnerable Groups.Loretta M. Kopelman - 1995 - Encyclopedia of Bioethics 4:2291-6.
     
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  22. 'Research Methodology/II.L. M. Kopelman - 1994 - Controlled Clinical Trials’, in W. T. Reich (Editor in Chief), Encyclopedia of Bioethics 4:2270-2285.
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  23.  10
    Rejoinder: If Grief Is Not Bad, Is It Good?Loretta M. Kopelman - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (4):225-226.
  24. Review. [REVIEW]Loretta Kopelman - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (1).
     
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  25. Reviews. [REVIEW]Loretta Kopelman & Gregory E. Pence - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (2).
     
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  26.  32
    Normal Grief: Good or Bad? Health or Disease?Loretta M. Kopelman - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (4):209-220.
  27. When Should Research with Infants, Children, or Adolescents Be Permitted?Loretta M. Kopelman - 2006 - In Ana Smith Iltis (ed.), Research Ethics. Routledge.
     
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  28.  26
    Using the Best-Interests Standard in Treatment Decisions for Young Children.Loretta M. Kopelman - forthcoming - Pediatric Bioethics.
  29.  4
    The Role of Value Judgments in Psychiatric Practice.Loretta M. Kopelman - 1997 - In Alastair V. Campbell (ed.), Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 275.
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  30. The Loss of Episodic Memories in Retrograde Amnesia: Single-Case and Group Studies.Michael D. Kopelman & Narinder Kapur - 2002 - In Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton & Martin Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press.
     
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  31.  31
    AIDS and Africa.Loretta M. Kopelman & Anton A. van Niekerk - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):139 – 142.
    Sub-Saharan Africa is the epicenter of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and in this issue of the Journal, seven authors discuss the moral, social and medical implications of having 70% of those stricken living in this area. Anton A. van Niekerk considers complexities of plague in this region (poverty, denial, poor leadership, illiteracy, women's vulnerability, and disenchantment of intimacy) and the importance of finding responses that empower its people. Solomon Benatar reinforces these issues, but also discusses the role of global politics in (...)
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  32.  63
    The Well-Being of Subjects and Other Parties in Genetic Research and Testing.Janet Malek & Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (4):311 – 319.
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  33.  88
    Topic, Focus, and the Interpretation of Bare Plurals.Ariel Cohen & Nomi Erteschik-Shir - 2002 - Natural Language Semantics 10 (2):125-165.
    In this paper we show that focus structure determines the interpretation of bare plurals in English: topic bare plurals are interpreted generically, focused bare plurals are interpreted existentially. When bare plurals are topics they must be specific, i.e. they refer to kinds. After type-shifting they introduce variables which can be bound by the generic quantifier, yielding characterizing generics. Existentially interpreted bare plurals are not variables, but denote properties that are incorporated into the predicate.The type of predicate determines the interpretation of (...)
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  34. Philosophical Critique of Bioethics: Introduction to the Issue.K. D. Clouser & L. M. Kopelman - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):121-124.
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  35.  21
    The Role of Defaultness in Affecting Pleasure: The Optimal Innovation Hypothesis Revisited.Rachel Giora, Shir Givoni, Vered Heruti & Ofer Fein - 2017 - Metaphor and Symbol 32 (1):1-18.
    The Optimal Innovation Hypothesis, following from the Graded Salience Hypothesis, is being reviewed and revisited. The attempt is to expand the notion of Optimal Innovation to allow it to apply to both stimuli’s coded meanings as well as their noncoded, constructed interpretations. According to the Optimal Innovation Hypothesis, Optimal Innovations, when devised, will be more pleasing than nonoptimally innovative counterparts. Unlike such competitors, Optimal Innovations deautomatize familiar coded alternatives, which invoke unconditional responses alongside novel but distinct ones, allowing both responses (...)
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  36.  1
    Thank You for Hearing My Voice – Listening to Women Combat Veterans in the United States and Israeli Militaries.Shir Daphna-Tekoah, Ayelet Harel-Shalev & Ilan Harpaz-Rotem - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The military service of combat soldiers may pose many threats to their well being and often take a toll on body and mind, influencing the physical and emotional make-up of combatants and veterans. The current study aims to enhance our knowledge about the combat experiences and the challenges that female soldiers face both during and after their service. The study is based on qualitative methods and narrative analysis of in-depth semi-structured personal interviews with twenty military veterans. It aims to analyze (...)
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  37.  4
    Fighting for Equal Spiritual Voice: The Case of the “Women of the Wall”.Shir Daphna-Tekoah & Rachel Sharaby - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  38.  19
    Fetal Protection in Wisconsin's Revised Child Abuse Law: Right Goal, Wrong Remedy.Kenneth A. De Ville & Loretta M. Kopelman - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):332-342.
    In the summer of 1998, the Wisconsin State legislature amended its child protection laws. Under new child abuse provisions, Wisconsin judges can confine pregnant women who abuse alcohol or drugs for the duration of their pregnancies. South Dakota enacted similar legislation almost simultaneously. The South Dakota statute requires mandatory drug and alcohol treatment for pregnant women who abuse those substances and classifies such activity as child abuse. In addition, the South Dakota legislation gives relatives the power to commit pregnant women (...)
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  39.  39
    Diversity, Trust, and Patient Care: Affirmative Action in Medical Education 25 Years After Bakke.Kenneth DeVille & Loretta M. Kopelman - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (4):489 – 516.
    The U.S. Supreme Court's seminal 1978 Bakke decision, now 25 years old, has an ambiguous and endangered legacy. Justice Lewis Powell's opinion provided a justification that allowed leaders in medical education to pursue some affirmative action policies while at the same time undermining many other potential defenses. Powell asserted that medical schools might have a "compelling interest" in the creation of a diverse student body. But Powell's compromise jeopardized affirmative action since it blocked many justifications for responding to increases in (...)
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  40.  27
    Defaultness Reigns: The Case of Sarcasm.Rachel Giora, Shir Givoni & Ofer Fein - 2015 - Metaphor and Symbol 30 (4):290-313.
    Findings from two experiments argue in favor of the superiority of default, preferred interpretations over non-default less favored counterparts, outshining degree of non-salience, non-literalness, contextual strength, and negation. They show that, outside of a specific context, the default interpretation of specific negative constructions is a non-salient interpretation 1; their non-default interpretation is a salience-based alternative. In contrast, the default interpretation of the affirmative counterparts is a salience-based interpretation ; their non-default interpretation is a non-salient alternative. When in equally strongly supportive (...)
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  41. Baal and the Politics of Poetry. By Aaron Tugendhaft.Shirly Natan-Yulzary - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
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  42.  16
    Fetal Protection in Wisconsin's Revised Child Abuse Law: Right Goal, Wrong Remedy.Kenneth A. Ville & Loretta M. Kopelman - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):332-342.
  43.  15
    Fetal Protection in Wisconsin's Revised Child Abuse Law: Right Goal, Wrong Remedy.Kenneth A. Ville & Loretta M. Kopelman - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):332-342.
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  44.  1
    Suppressing Scientific Discourse on Vaccines? Self-perceptions of researchers and practitioners.Ety Elisha, Josh Guetzkow, Yaffa Shir-Raz & Natti Ronel - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-19.
    The controversy over vaccines has recently intensified in the wake of the global COVID-19 pandemic, with calls from politicians, health professionals, journalists, and citizens to take harsh measures against so-called “anti-vaxxers,” while accusing them of spreading “fake news” and as such, of endangering public health. However, the issue of suppression of vaccine dissenters has rarely been studied from the point of view of those who raise concerns about vaccine safety. The purpose of the present study was to examine the subjective (...)
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  45.  6
    Response to G.R. McLean's Review of Ethics and Aids in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking.Anton A. van Niekerk & Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):163-165.
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  46.  9
    Response to G.R. McLean's Review of Ethics and Aids in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking.Anton A. van Niekerk & Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):163–165.
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  47.  13
    Why the Best Interest Standard Is Not Self-Defeating, Too Individualistic, Unknowable, Vague or Subjective.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):34-36.
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  48.  17
    What is Unique About the Doctor and Patient Medical Encounter? A Moral and Economic Perspective.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):85-88.
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  49. What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics?Loretta M. Kopelman, David Resnick & Douglas L. Weed - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):255 – 258.
    (2004). What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 255-258.
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  50.  24
    What is Applied About "Applied" Philosophy?Loretta M. Kopelman - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):199-218.
    "Applied" is a technical term describing a variety of new philosophical enterprises. The author examines and rejects the view that these fields are derivative. Whatever principles, judgments, or background theories that are employed to solve problems in these areas are either changed by how they are used, or at least the possibility exists of their being changed. Hence we ought to stop calling these endeavors "applied", or agree that the meaning of "apply" will have to include the possibility that what (...)
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