Results for 'Sheldon Dealy'

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  1.  14
    Modeling Pathways of Differentiation in Genetic Regulatory Networks with Boolean Networks.Sheldon Dealy, Stuart Kauffman & Joshua Socolar - 2005 - Complexity 11 (1):52-60.
  2.  54
    Politics and Vision: Continuity and Innovation in Western Political Thought.Sheldon S. Wolin - 1960 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a significantly expanded edition of one of the greatest works of modern political theory. Sheldon Wolin's Politics and Vision inspired and instructed two generations of political theorists after its appearance in 1960. This new edition retains intact the original ten chapters about political thinkers from Plato to Mill, and adds seven chapters about theorists from Marx and Nietzsche to Rawls and the postmodernists. The new chapters, which show how thinkers have grappled with the immense possibilities and dangers (...)
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  3.  12
    Tocqueville Between Two Worlds: The Making of a Political and Theoretical Life.Sheldon S. Wolin - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    There is no grander topic for us today, and Wolin's treatment is penetrating, thorough, and authoritative. This is a major work of political theory.
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  4. The Idea of the Idea of a University and its Antithesis.Sheldon Rothblatt & H. W. Arndt - 1989
  5.  91
    Many Meanings of ‘Heuristic’.Sheldon J. Chow - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (4):977-1016.
    A survey of contemporary philosophical and scientific literatures reveals that different authors employ the term ‘heuristic’ in ways that deviate from, and are sometimes inconsistent with, one another. Given its widespread use in philosophy and cognitive science generally, it is striking that there appears to be little concern for a clear account of what phenomena heuristics pick out or refer to. In response, I consider several accounts of ‘heuristic’, and I draw a number of distinctions between different sorts of heuristics (...)
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  6. Bohmian Mechanics.Sheldon Goldstein - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Bohmian mechanics, which is also called the de Broglie-Bohm theory, the pilot-wave model, and the causal interpretation of quantum mechanics, is a version of quantum theory discovered by Louis de Broglie in 1927 and rediscovered by David Bohm in 1952. It is the simplest example of what is often called a hidden variables interpretation of quantum mechanics. In Bohmian mechanics a system of particles is described in part by its wave function, evolving, as usual, according to Schrödinger's equation. However, the (...)
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  7. Boltzmann's Approach to Statistical Mechanics.Sheldon Goldstein - unknown
    In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, Ludwig Boltzmann explained how irreversible macroscopic laws, in particular the second law of thermodynamics, originate in the time-reversible laws of microscopic physics. Boltzmann’s analysis, the essence of which I shall review here, is basically correct. The most famous criticisms of Boltzmann’s later work on the subject have little merit. Most twentieth century innovations – such as the identification of the state of a physical system with a probability distribution on its phase space, (...)
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  8. Typicality and Notions of Probability in Physics.Sheldon Goldstein - 2012 - In Yemima Ben-Menahem & Meir Hemmo (eds.), Probability in Physics. Springer. pp. 59--71.
  9. Violated Laws, Ceteris Paribus Clauses, and Capacities.Sheldon Smith - 2002 - Synthese 130 (2):235-264.
    It is often claimed that the bulk of the laws of physics -- including such venerable laws as Universal Gravitation -- are violated in many circumstances because they have counter-instances that result when a system is not isolated from other systems. Various accounts of how one should interpret these violated laws have been provided. In this paper, I examine two accounts of violated laws, that they are merely ceteris paribus laws and that they are manifestations of capacities. Through an examination (...)
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  10.  44
    Reality and the Role of the Wave Function in Quantum Theory.Sheldon Goldstein & Nino Zanghi - unknown
    The most puzzling issue in the foundations of quantum mechanics is perhaps that of the status of the wave function of a system in a quantum universe. Is the wave function objective or subjective? Does it represent the physical state of the system or merely our information about the system? And if the former, does it provide a complete description of the system or only a partial description? We shall address these questions here mainly from a Bohmian perspective, and shall (...)
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  11.  4
    A Rasa Reader: Classical Indian Aesthetics.Sheldon I. Pollock - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    From the early years of the Common Era to 1700, Indian intellectuals explored with unparalleled subtlety the place of emotion in art. Their investigations led to the deconstruction of art's formal structures and broader inquiries into the pleasure of tragic tales. _Rasa_, or taste, was the word they chose to describe art's aesthetics, and their passionate effort to pin down these phenomena became its own remarkable act of creation. This book is the first in any language to follow the evolution (...)
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  12. Ross Dealy, Before Utopia: The Making of Thomas More's Mind. [REVIEW]Thomas P. Scheck - 2021 - Moreana 58 (2):264-268.
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  13. Ross Dealy, The Stoic Origins of Erasmus’ Philosophy of Christ.Thomas P. Scheck - 2017 - Moreana 54 (2):256-260.
  14. On the Common Structure of Bohmian Mechanics and the Ghirardi–Rimini–Weber Theory Dedicated to GianCarlo Ghirardi on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday.Valia Allori, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghì - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):353 - 389.
    Bohmian mechanics and the Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber theory provide opposite resolutions of the quantum measurement problem: the former postulates additional variables (the particle positions) besides the wave function, whereas the latter implements spontaneous collapses of the wave function by a nonlinear and stochastic modification of Schrödinger's equation. Still, both theories, when understood appropriately, share the following structure: They are ultimately not about wave functions but about 'matter' moving in space, represented by either particle trajectories, fields on space-time, or a discrete set of (...)
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  15. Fugitive Democracy.Sheldon S. Wolin - 1994 - Constellations 1 (1):11-25.
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  16.  8
    Adaptation to a Rotated Visual Field as a Function of Degree of Optical Tilt and Exposure Time.Sheldon M. Ebenholtz - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (5):629.
  17.  53
    Quantum Equilibrium and the Role of Operators as Observables in Quantum Theory.Sheldon Goldstein - manuscript
    Bohmian mechanics is arguably the most naively obvious embedding imaginable of Schr¨ odinger’s equation into a completely coherent physical theory. It describes a world in which particles move in a highly non-Newtonian sort of way, one which may at first appear to have little to do with the spectrum of predictions of quantum mechanics. It turns out, however, that as a consequence of the defining dynamical equations of Bohmian mechanics, when a system has wave function ψ its configuration is typically (...)
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  18. The Stoic Origins of Erasmus' Philosophy of Christ.Ross Dealy - 2016 - University of Toronto Press.
    "This study focuses on Erasmus' two-dimensional grasp of Stoicism evident in his edition of De officiis and the huge implications he saw for religion. The author argues that "The Philosophy of Christ' for which Erasmus is famous is a Christian version of Stoicism."--.
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  19. Predictions and Primitive Ontology in Quantum Foundations: A Study of Examples.Valia Allori, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghì - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (2):323-352.
    A major disagreement between different views about the foundations of quantum mechanics concerns whether for a theory to be intelligible as a fundamental physical theory it must involve a ‘primitive ontology’ (PO), i.e. variables describing the distribution of matter in four-dimensional space–time. In this article, we illustrate the value of having a PO. We do so by focusing on the role that the PO plays for extracting predictions from a given theory and discuss valid and invalid derivations of predictions. To (...)
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  20.  69
    Quantum Theory Without Observers.Sheldon Goldstein - unknown
    Despite its extraordinary predictive successes, quantum mechanics has, since its inception some seventy years ago, been plagued by conceptual di culties. The basic problem, plainly put, is this: It is not at all clear what quantum mechanics is about. What, in fact, does quantum mechanics describe?
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  21. Are All Particles Real?Sheldon Goldstein, James Taylor, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghi - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (1):103-112.
    In Bohmian mechanics elementary particles exist objectively, as point particles moving according to a law determined by a wavefunction. In this context, questions as to whether the particles of a certain species are real---questions such as, Do photons exist? Electrons? Or just the quarks?---have a clear meaning. We explain that, whatever the answer, there is a corresponding Bohm-type theory, and no experiment can ever decide between these theories. Another question that has a clear meaning is whether particles are intrinsically distinguishable, (...)
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  22. St. Thomas Aquinas on the Immaterial Reception of Sensible Forms.Sheldon M. Cohen - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (2):193-209.
  23.  75
    Bell-Type Quantum Field Theories.Sheldon Goldstein -
    In [3] John S. Bell proposed how to associate particle trajectories with a lattice quantum field theory, yielding what can be regarded as a |Ψ|2-distributed Markov process on the appropriate configuration space. A similar process can be defined in the continuum, for more or less any regularized quantum field theory; such processes we call Bell-type quantum field theories. We describe methods for explicitly constructing these processes. These concern, in addition to the definition of the Markov processes, the efficient calculation of (...)
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  24. Are All Particles Identical?Sheldon Goldstein - manuscript
    We consider the possibility that all particles in the world are fundamentally identical, i.e., belong to the same species. Different masses, charges, spins, flavors, or colors then merely correspond to different quantum states of the same particle, just as spin-up and spin-down do. The implications of this viewpoint can be best appreciated within Bohmian mechanics, a precise formulation of quantum mechanics with particle trajectories. The implementation of this viewpoint in such a theory leads to trajectories different from those of the (...)
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  25.  39
    Aristotle on Nature and Incomplete Substance.Sheldon M. Cohen - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines Aristotle's metaphysics and his account of nature, stressing the ways in which his desire to explain observed natural processes shaped his philosophical thought. It departs radically from a tradition of interpretation, in which Aristotle is understood to have approached problems with a set of abstract principles in hand, principles derived from critical reflection on the views of his predecessors. A central example of the book interprets Aristotle's essentialism as deriving from an examination of the kinds of unity (...)
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  26. Bohmian Trajectories as the Foundation of Quantum Mechanics.Sheldon Goldstein - unknown
    Bohmian trajectories have been used for various purposes, including the numerical simulation of the time-dependent Schr¨ odinger equation and the visualization of time-dependent wave functions. We review the purpose they were invented for: to serve as the foundation of quantum mechanics, i.e., to explain quantum mechanics in terms of a theory that is free of paradoxes and allows an understanding that is as clear as that of classical mechanics. Indeed, they succeed in serving that purpose in the context of a (...)
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  27. Lethal Consumption: Death-Denying Materialism.Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg & Thomas A. Pyszczynski - 2004 - In Tim Kasser & Allen D. Kanner (eds.), Psychology and Consumer Culture: The Struggle for a Good Life in a Materialistic World. American Psychological Association. pp. 127--146.
     
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  28. Aristotle on Nature and Incomplete Substance.Sheldon Cohen - 1996 - In . Cambridge University Press.
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  29.  6
    The Bohmian Approach to the Problems of Cosmological Quantum Fluctuations.Sheldon Goldstein, Ward Struyve & Roderich Tumulka - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
  30. Should Selecting Saviour Siblings Be Banned?S. Sheldon - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):533-537.
    By using tissue typing in conjunction with preimplantation genetic diagnosis doctors are able to pick a human embryo for implantation which, if all goes well, will become a “saviour sibling”, a brother or sister capable of donating life-saving tissue to an existing child.This paper addresses the question of whether this form of selection should be banned and concludes that it should not. Three main prohibitionist arguments are considered and found wanting: the claim that saviour siblings would be treated as commodities; (...)
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  31.  57
    On the Approach to Thermal Equilibrium of Macroscopic Quantum Systems.Sheldon Goldstein & Roderich Tumulka - unknown
    We consider an isolated, macroscopic quantum system. Let H be a microcanonical “energy shell,” i.e., a subspace of the system’s Hilbert space spanned by the (finitely) many energy eigenstates with energies between E and E + δE. The thermal equilibrium macro-state at energy E corresponds to a subspace Heq of H such that dim Heq/ dim H is close to 1. We say that a system with state vector ψ H is in thermal equilibrium if ψ is “close” to Heq. (...)
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  32. What’s the Problem with the Frame Problem?Sheldon J. Chow - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (2):309-331.
    The frame problem was originally a problem for Artificial Intelligence, but philosophers have interpreted it as an epistemological problem for human cognition. As a result of this reinterpretation, however, specifying the frame problem has become a difficult task. To get a better idea of what the frame problem is, how it gives rise to more general problems of relevance, and how deep these problems run, I expound six guises of the frame problem. I then assess some proposed heuristic solutions to (...)
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  33. Many Worlds and Schrodinger's First Quantum Theory.Valia Allori, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghì - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (1):1-27.
    Schrödinger’s first proposal for the interpretation of quantum mechanics was based on a postulate relating the wave function on configuration space to charge density in physical space. Schrödinger apparently later thought that his proposal was empirically wrong. We argue here that this is not the case, at least for a very similar proposal with charge density replaced by mass density. We argue that when analyzed carefully, this theory is seen to be an empirically adequate many-worlds theory and not an empirically (...)
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  34. Governing Without A Fundamental Direction of Time: Minimal Primitivism About Laws of Nature.Eddy Keming Chen & Sheldon Goldstein - 2022 - In Yemima Ben-Menahem (ed.), Rethinking the Concept of Law of Nature. Cham: Springer. pp. 21-64.
    The Great Divide in metaphysical debates about laws of nature is between Humeans, who think that laws merely describe the distribution of matter, and non-Humeans, who think that laws govern it. The metaphysics can place demands on the proper formulations of physical theories. It is sometimes assumed that the governing view requires a fundamental / intrinsic direction of time: to govern, laws must be dynamical, producing later states of the world from earlier ones, in accord with the fundamental direction of (...)
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  35.  14
    Individualist and Ensemblist Approaches to the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics.Sheldon Goldstein - 2019 - The Monist 102 (4):439-457.
    I will contrast the two main approaches to the foundations of statistical mechanics: the individualist approach and the ensemblist approach. I will indicate the virtues of each, and argue that the conflict between them is perhaps not as great as often imagined.
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  36.  12
    Democracy and Vision: Sheldon Wolin and the Vicissitudes of the Political.Aryeh Botwinick & William E. Connolly (eds.) - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    These essays--and an introduction by William Connolly that lucidly outlines Wolin's thought and the deep uncertainty about political theory in the 1960s that did much to inspire his work--offer unprecedented insights into Wolin's lament ...
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  37. What Does the Free Will Theorem Actually Prove?Sheldon Goldstein - unknown
    Conway and Kochen have presented a “free will theorem” [4, 6] which they claim shows that “if indeed we humans have free will, then [so do] elementary particles.” In a more precise fashion, they claim it shows that for certain quantum experiments in which the experimenters can choose between several options, no deterministic or stochastic model can account for the observed outcomes without violating a condition “MIN” motivated by relativistic symmetry. We point out that for stochastic models this conclusion is (...)
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  38.  23
    Aesthetic Criteria: Gombrich and the Philosophies of Science of Popper and Polanyi.Sheldon Saul Richmond - 1994 - Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi.
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  39.  94
    Conflict of Interest Policies in Science and Medical Journals: Editorial Practices and Author Disclosures.Sheldon Krimsky & L. S. Rothenberg - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):205-218.
    This study examines the extent to which scientific and biomedical journals have adopted conflict of interest (COI) policies for authors, and whether the adoption and content of such policies leads to the publishing of authors’ financial interest disclosure statements by such journals. In particular, it reports the results of a survey of journal editors about their practices regarding COI disclosures. About 16 percent of 1396 highly ranked scientific and biomedical journals had COI policies in effect during 1997. Less than 1 (...)
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  40. Opposite Arrows of Time Can Reconcile Relativity and Nonlocality.Sheldon Goldstein - manuscript
    We present a quantum model for the motion of N point particles, implying nonlocal (i.e., superluminal) influences of external fields on the trajectories, that is nonetheless fully relativistic. In contrast to other models that have been proposed, this one involves no additional space-time structure as would be provided by a (possibly dynamical) foliation of space-time. This is achieved through the interplay of opposite microcausal and macrocausal (i.e., thermodynamic) arrows of time. PACS numbers 03.65.Ud; 03.65.Ta; 03.30.+p..
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  41.  25
    Do Financial Conflicts of Interest Bias Research?: An Inquiry Into the “Funding Effect” Hypothesis.Sheldon Krimsky - 2012 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 38 (4):566-587.
    In the mid-1980s, social scientists compared outcome measures of related drug studies, some funded by private companies and others by nonprofit organizations or government agencies. The concept of a “funding effect” was coined when it was discovered that study outcomes could be statistically correlated with funding sources, largely in drug safety and efficacy studies. Also identified in tobacco research and chemical toxicity studies, the “funding effect” is often attributed, implicitly or explicitly, to research bias. This article discusses the meaning of (...)
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  42. Quantum Equilibrium and the Origin of Absolute Uncertainty.Detlef Durr, Sheldon Goldstein & Nino Zanghi - 1992 - Journal of Statistical Physics 67:843-907.
     
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  43.  76
    Aristotle's Doctrine of the Material Substrate.Sheldon Cohen - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (2):171-194.
    Commentators have often held that aristotle's general doctrine of change commits him to a persisting material substrate for every change, And to an indeterminate material substrate (prime matter) for elemental transformation. I argue that though aristotle accepts a common matter for the four elements, Both these claims are false.
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  44. Max Weber: Legitimation, Method, and the Politics of Theory.Sheldon S. Wolin - 1981 - Political Theory 9 (3):401-424.
  45. Symmetries and the Explanation of Conservation Laws in the Light of the Inverse Problem in Lagrangian Mechanics.Sheldon R. Smith - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (2):325-345.
    Many have thought that symmetries of a Lagrangian explain the standard laws of energy, momentum, and angular momentum conservation in a rather straightforward way. In this paper, I argue that the explanation of conservation laws via symmetries of Lagrangians involves complications that have not been adequately noted in the philosophical literature and some of the physics literature on the subject. In fact, such complications show that the principles that are commonly appealed to to drive explanations of conservation laws are not (...)
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  46.  19
    Sheldon Wolin’s Theoretical Practice.Robyn Marasco, Jason Frank, Joan Tronto, Antonio Y. Vázquez-Arroyo & Nicholas Xenos - 2017 - Contemporary Political Theory 16 (1):65-115.
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  47. Alexander Meiklejohn, "Education Between Two Worlds". [REVIEW]Sheldon C. Ackley - 1943 - Philosophical Forum 1:31.
     
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  48. Preface: Apologia Pro Vita Philosophica.Sheldon C. Ackley - 1943 - Philosophical Forum 1:1.
     
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  49. Religious Education: A Re-Synthesis.Sheldon Ackley - 1948 - Philosophical Forum 6:9.
     
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  50. Value-Propositions and Empirical Verification.Sheldon C. Ackley - 1944 - Philosophical Forum 2:19.
     
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