Results for 'Shawn Hedman'

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  1. A first course in logic: an introduction to model theory, proof theory, computability, and complexity.Shawn Hedman - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The ability to reason and think in a logical manner forms the basis of learning for most mathematics, computer science, philosophy and logic students. Based on the author's teaching notes at the University of Maryland and aimed at a broad audience, this text covers the fundamental topics in classical logic in an extremely clear, thorough and accurate style that is accessible to all the above. Covering propositional logic, first-order logic, and second-order logic, as well as proof theory, computability theory, and (...)
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  2.  22
    Quantifier-eliminable locally finite graphs.Shawn Hedman & Wai Yan Pong - 2011 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 57 (2):180-185.
    We identify the locally finite graphs that are quantifier-eliminable and their first order theories in the signature of distance predicates. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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  3. Shame and the Scope of Moral Accountability.Shawn Tinghao Wang - 2021 - Philosophical Quarterly 71 (3):544-564.
    It is widely agreed that reactive attitudes play a central role in our practices concerned with holding people responsible. However, it remains controversial which emotional attitudes count as reactive attitudes such that they are eligible for this central role. Specifically, though theorists near universally agree that guilt is a reactive attitude, they are much more hesitant on whether to also include shame. This paper presents novel arguments for the view that shame is a reactive attitude. The arguments also support the (...)
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  4. The Communication Argument and the Pluralist Challenge.Shawn Tinghao Wang - 2021 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 51 (5):384-399.
    Various theorists have endorsed the “communication argument”: communicative capacities are necessary for morally responsible agency because blame aims at a distinctive kind of moral communication. I contend that existing versions of the argument, including those defended by Gary Watson and Coleen Macnamara, face a pluralist challenge: they do not seem to sit well with the plausible view that blame has multiple aims. I then examine three possible rejoinders to the challenge, suggesting that a context-specific, function-based approach constitutes the most promising (...)
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  5.  17
    Thinking Outside the Black Box: What Policy Theory Can Offer Healthcare Ethicists.Shawn Winsor & Mita Giacomini - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):16-18.
    Gilroy and Wade wrote 20 years ago that every policy presupposes an underlying moral argument that justifies it. This claim is now rarely contested: policy making is an inescapably moral enterprise...
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  6.  96
    Response-Dependence in Moral Responsibility: A Granularity Challenge.Shawn Tinghao Wang - 2022 - American Philosophical Quarterly 59 (3):273–285.
    According to the response-dependence view of moral responsibility, a person is morally responsible just in case, and in virtue of the fact that, she is an appropriate target for reactive attitudes. This paper raises a new puzzle regarding response-dependence: there is a mismatch between the granularity of the reactive attitudes and of responsibility facts. Whereas the reactive attitudes are comparatively coarse-grained, responsibility facts can be quite fine-grained. This poses a challenge for response-dependence, which seeks to ground facts about responsibility in (...)
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  7.  26
    Getting some (non-classical) closure with justification logic.Shawn Standefer, Ted Shear & Rohan French - 2023 - Asian Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):1-25.
    Justification logics provide frameworks for studying the fine structure of evidence and justification. Traditionally, these logics do not impose any closure requirements on justification. In this paper, we argue that for some applications they should subject justification to closure under some variety of logical consequence. Specifically, we argue, building on ideas from Beall, that the non-classical logic FDE offers a particularly attractive notion of consequence for this purpose and define a justification logic where justification is closed under FDE consequence. We (...)
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  8.  39
    Intending the Impossible.Carl G. Hedman - 1970 - Philosophy 45 (171):33 - 38.
    Can a man intend to do the impossible? That is, can a man undertake to do some action, A—and not merely to come as close as possible to doing A with the hope that the doing of A will result—when he believes he has no chance of doing A?
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  9.  26
    Invoices on scraps of paper: trust and reciprocity in local food systems.Shawn A. Trivette - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (3):529-542.
    One of the many claims about the value of local food is that local food exchanges generate trust between producers and consumers. To what degree is this actually the case and how does such trust develop? Drawing on interview and fieldwork data in one local food system in the Northeastern U.S., I show how local food participants build trust and reciprocity with one another in order to mitigate the challenges imposed by the conventional system. This trust and reciprocity builds primarily (...)
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  10.  16
    Invoices on scraps of paper: trust and reciprocity in local food systems.Shawn A. Trivette - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (3):529-542.
    One of the many claims about the value of local food is that local food exchanges generate trust between producers and consumers. To what degree is this actually the case and how does such trust develop? Drawing on interview and fieldwork data in one local food system in the Northeastern U.S., I show how local food participants build trust and reciprocity with one another in order to mitigate the challenges imposed by the conventional system. This trust and reciprocity builds primarily (...)
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  11.  59
    CSR-Washing is Rare: A Conceptual Framework, Literature Review, and Critique.Shawn Pope & Arild Wæraas - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (1):173-193.
    Growth in CSR-washing claims in recent decades has been dramatic in numerous academic and activist contexts. The discourse, however, has been fragmented, and still lacks an integrated framework of the conditions necessary for successful CSR-washing. Theorizing successful CSR-washing as the joint occurrence of five conditions, this paper undertakes a literature review of the empirical evidence for and against each condition. The literature review finds that many of the conditions are either highly contingent, rendering CSR-washing as a complex and fragile outcome. (...)
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  12.  29
    Rethinking Functionalist Accounts of Blame.Shawn Tinghao Wang - forthcoming - The Journal of Ethics:1-17.
    Functionalist accounts of blame have been rising in popularity. Proponents of the approach claim that, by defining blame in terms of its function or functions, their account has the advantage of being able to accommodate a wide range of attitudes and activities as blame; but their opponents question the extensional and explanatory adequacy of such accounts. This paper contributes to this burgeoning literature by presenting new challenges to the existing functionalist accounts. The fundamental problem, I shall argue, lies in the (...)
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  13.  28
    The importance of food retailers: applying network analysis techniques to the study of local food systems.Shawn A. Trivette - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (1):77-90.
    As local food activities expand and grow, an important question to answer is how various participants contribute to a local food system’s overall vitality and strength. This paper does so by focusing on the relationships between locally-oriented farm and retail actors and assessing what the configuration of these relationships tells us about the workings of the broader local food system. Such an analysis reveals two things. Empirically, it shows the important role food retailers play in the overall vibrancy of local (...)
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  14.  31
    How local is local? Determining the boundaries of local food in practice.Shawn A. Trivette - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):475-490.
    This paper addresses the question of how local can be defined in practice. It contributes to the growing literature on local food systems and particularly our understanding of what counts as local and the elements that influence those contours. While most of our conceptions of local food tend to rely on an articulation of either proximity traveled or relationship between entities, I argue that a more nuanced and complete understanding must take account of both of these aspects. I draw on (...)
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  15.  14
    The war on science: who's waging it, why it matters, and what we can do about it.Shawn Lawrence Otto - 2016 - Minneapolis, Minnesota: Milkweed Editions.
    An “insightful” and in-depth look at anti-science politics and its deadly results (Maria Konnikova, New York Times–bestselling author of The Biggest Bluff). Thomas Jefferson said, “Wherever the people are well informed, they can be trusted with their own government.” But what happens when they aren’t? From climate change to vaccinations, transportation to technology, health care to defense, we are in the midst of an unprecedented expansion of scientific progress—and a simultaneous expansion of danger. At the very time we need them (...)
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  16.  9
    Progressive and Regressive Uses of Reasonable Distrust.Carl Hedman - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (1):87-100.
  17.  17
    What the radical communitarian can learn from the radical materialist.Carl G. Hedman - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (1):76-96.
  18.  23
    Interactive constructionism: A more preferable anti-realist approach to the metaphysics of race.Shawn Wandile Mavundla - 2019 - South African Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):219-225.
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  19. Variable-Sharing as Relevance.Shawn Standefer - forthcoming - In Igor Sedlár, Shawn Standefer & Andrew Tedder (eds.), New Directions in Relevant Logic.
  20. Varieties of Relevant S5.Shawn Standefer - 2023 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 32 (1):53–80.
    In classically based modal logic, there are three common conceptions of necessity, the universal conception, the equivalence relation conception, and the axiomatic conception. They provide distinct presentations of the modal logic S5, all of which coincide in the basic modal language. We explore these different conceptions in the context of the relevant logic R, demonstrating where they come apart. This reveals that there are many options for being an S5-ish extension of R. It further reveals a divide between the universal (...)
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  21.  13
    Sowing the seeds of character: the moral education of adolescents in public and private schools.Shawn Y. Holmes - 2011 - Journal of Moral Education 40 (2):268-269.
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  22.  24
    Plantingian Religious Epistemology and World Religions: Prospects and Problems, written byErik Baldwin and Tyler Dalton McNabb.Shawn M. Langley - 2021 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 48 (1):111-113.
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  23. What is a Relevant Connective?Shawn Standefer - 2022 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 51 (4):919-950.
    There appears to be few, if any, limits on what sorts of logical connectives can be added to a given logic. One source of potential limitations is the motivating ideology associated with a logic. While extraneous to the logic, the motivating ideology is often important for the development of formal and philosophical work on that logic, as is the case with intuitionistic logic. One family of logics for which the philosophical ideology is important is the family of relevant logics. In (...)
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  24.  40
    A practical approach to the ethical use of memory modulating technologies.Shawn Zheng Kai Tan & Lee Wei Lim - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundRecent advancements in neuroscientific techniques have allowed us to make huge progress in our understanding of memories, and in turn has paved the way for new memory modification technologies that can modulate memories with a degree of precision, which was not previously possible. With advancements in such techniques, new and critical ethical questions have emerged. Understanding and framing these ethical questions within the current philosophical theories is crucial in order to systematically examine them as we translate these techniques to the (...)
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  25. Perplexity and Passion in Heidegger: A Study in the Continuity of his Thought.Shawn Moi - 2006 - Gnosis 8 (1):14-24.
     
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  26.  33
    Bone Marrow Micro‐Environment in Normal and Deranged Hematopoiesis: Opportunities for Regenerative Medicine and Therapies.Shawn M. Sarkaria, Matthew Decker & Lei Ding - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (3):1700190.
    Various cell types cooperate to create a highly organized and dynamic micro-environmental niche in the bone marrow. Over the past several years, the field has increasingly recognized the critical roles of the interplay between bone marrow environment and hematopoietic cells in normal and deranged hematopoiesis. These advances rely on several new technologies that have allowed us to characterize the identity and roles of these niches in great detail. Here, we review the progress of the last several years, list some of (...)
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  27.  13
    Response Inhibition Is Facilitated by a Change to Red Over Green in the Stop Signal Paradigm.Shawn Blizzard, Adriela Fierro-Rojas & Mazyar Fallah - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  28. God and Moral Perfection.Shawn Graves - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 5:122-146.
    One will be hard-pressed to find a morally perfect agent in this world. It’s not that there aren’t any morally good people. It just takes a lot to be morally perfect. However, theists claim that God is morally perfect. (Atheists claim that if God exists, God is morally perfect.) Perhaps they are mistaken. This chapter presents an argument for the conclusion that God is not morally perfect. The argument depends upon two things: (1) the nature of the concept of moral (...)
     
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  29. Actual Issues for Relevant Logics.Shawn Standefer - 2020 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 7.
    In this paper, I motivate the addition of an actuality operator to relevant logics. Straightforward ways of doing this are in tension with standard motivations for relevant logics, but I show how to add the operator in a way that permits one to maintain the intuitions behind relevant logics. I close by exploring some of the philosophical consequences of the addition.
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  30.  9
    Hearing is believing: Lexically guided perceptual learning is graded to reflect the quantity of evidence in speech input.Shawn N. Cummings & Rachel M. Theodore - 2023 - Cognition 235 (C):105404.
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  31.  33
    Tracking reasons with extensions of relevant logics.Shawn Standefer - 2019 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 27 (4):543-569.
    In relevant logics, necessary truths need not imply each other. In justification logic, necessary truths need not all be justified by the same reason. There is an affinity to these two approaches that suggests their pairing will provide good logics for tracking reasons in a fine-grained way. In this paper, I will show how to extend relevant logics with some of the basic operators of justification logic in order to track justifications or reasons. I will define and study three kinds (...)
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  32.  16
    Guest Editors’ Introduction.Shawn Berman & Robert Phillips - 2005 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (4):3-6.
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  33.  29
    Introduction.Shawn L. Berman - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):597-601.
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  34.  22
    Introduction to the Special Section on Accountability.Shawn L. Berman - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (3):449-452.
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  35. Special Issue on" The Accountable Corporation": Guest Editors' Introduction.Shawn L. Berman & Robert A. Phillips - forthcoming - Business and Professional Ethics Journal.
     
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  36.  11
    The liberalism of care: community, philosophy, and ethics.Shawn C. Fraistat - 2021 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Attention to care in modern society has fallen out of view as an ethos of personal responsibility, free markets, and individualism has been in the ascendant. The Liberalism of Care argues that contemporary liberalism is suffering from a crisis of care, manifest in a decaying sense of collective political responsibility for citizens' well- being and for the most vulnerable members of our communities. The book maintains that this practical crisis stems from a theoretical one. We have lost the political language (...)
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  37.  14
    Pride and humility: a new interdisciplinary analysis.Shawn R. Tucker - 2016 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This interdisciplinary analysis presents an innovative examination of the nature of pride and humility, including all their slippery nuances and points of connection. By combining insights from visual art, literature, philosophy, religious studies, and psychology, this volume adapts a complementary rather than an oppositional approach to examine how pride and humility reinforce and inform one another. This method produces a robust, substantial, and meaningful description of these important concepts. The analysis takes into account key elements of pride and humility, including (...)
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  38.  60
    Using movement and intentions to understand human activity.Jeffrey M. Zacks, Shawn Kumar, Richard A. Abrams & Ritesh Mehta - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):201-216.
  39. The Self-undermining Objection to the Epistemology of Disagreement.Shawn Graves - 2013 - Faith and Philosophy 30 (1):93-106.
    Disagreements about, within, and between religions are widespread. It’s no surprise, then, that there’s an enormous philosophical literature on religious diversity. But in recent years, philosophers working in mainstream epistemology have done a lot of work on disagreement in general. This work has focused in particular upon the epistemology of peer disagreement, i.e., disagreements between parties who are justifiably believed to be epistemic equals regarding the matter at hand. In this paper, I intend to defend a thesis in the epistemology (...)
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  40.  22
    Review of Lawrence Crocker: Positive liberty: an essay in normative political philosophy[REVIEW]Carl Hedman - 1983 - Ethics 93 (3):598-600.
  41.  11
    Nicolai Hartmann and Alfred North Whitehead; a Study in Recent Platonism. [REVIEW]Carl Hedman - 1958 - Journal of Philosophy 55 (6):255-258.
  42.  47
    An Incompleteness Theorem for Modal Relevant Logics.Shawn Standefer - 2021 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 62 (4):669 - 681.
    In this paper, an incompleteness theorem for modal extensions of relevant logics is proved. The proof uses elementary methods and builds upon the work of Fuhrmann.
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  43.  45
    Phosphatidylinositol 4,5‐bisphosphate: Targeted production and signaling.Yue Sun, Narendra Thapa, Andrew C. Hedman & Richard A. Anderson - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (6):513-522.
    Phosphatidylinositol 4,5‐bisphosphate (PI4,5P2) is a key lipid signaling molecule that regulates a vast array of biological activities. PI4,5P2 can act directly as a messenger or can be utilized as a precursor to generate other messengers: inositol trisphosphate, diacylglycerol, or phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5‐trisphosphate. PI4,5P2 interacts with hundreds of different effector proteins. The enormous diversity of PI4,5P2 effector proteins and the spatio‐temporal control of PI4,5P2 generation allow PI4,5P2 signaling to control a broad spectrum of cellular functions. PI4,5P2 is synthesized by phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinases (...)
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  44.  29
    Radar, Modems, and Air Defense Systems: Noise as a Data Communication Problem in the 1950s.Shawn M. Bullock - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (1):73-92.
    In the aftermath of World War II, the government of the United States provided considerable funding for military projects that promised to provide a technological edge during the nascent Cold War. The most famous example is likely the V-2 rocket-testing program that began in the late 1940s. The 67 rockets launched from White Sands developed a knowledge base that was critically important to the launch of the first U.S. satellite in 1958 and to the subsequent manned space program. Less well (...)
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  45. Giving the Devil much more than his due.Shawn Carlson & A. Larue - 1990 - Free Inquiry 10 (3):25-27.
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  46.  16
    The Authority of Writing in Plato’s Laws.Shawn Fraistat - 2015 - Political Theory 43 (5):657-677.
    While traditionally Plato has been read as a critic of democracy and an advocate of philosopher-kingship, a number of more recent interpretations have argued that Plato’s views about these issues changed over the course of his life. Several scholars argue that Plato shifts from an authoritarian outlook in “middle period” dialogues, such as the Republic, to a more democratic view in “late” dialogues, such as the Laws. In contrast to these scholars, this article argues that Plato’s attitude towards authority and (...)
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  47. A real-time expert system.Shawn A. Gaither - 1990 - Ai and Simulation Theory and Applications: Proceedings of the Scs Eastern Multiconference, 23-26 April, 1990, Nashville, Tennessee 22:47.
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  48.  17
    Counter-Novels.Shawn Gonzalez - 2018 - CLR James Journal 24 (1):89-105.
    While Sylvia Wynter emphasizes the written word’s capacity to transform our systems of organizing knowledge, she repeatedly questions the extent to which novels can have this transformative capacity. Both her theoretical writing and the plot of her 1962 novel The Hills of Hebron emphasize the novel’s limitations. However, Wynter does not totally reject the form. Instead, she reimagines the novel through the idea of the “counter-novel,” developed in conjunction with her close reading of Ralph Ellison’s The Invisible Man. This essay (...)
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  49.  21
    Ethics of Opacity in Harold Sonny Ladoo’s No Pain Like This Body.Shawn Gonzalez - 2018 - CLR James Journal 24 (1):215-237.
    Harold Sonny Ladoo’s 1972 novel No Pain Like This Body has been analyzed for its seminal representation of the traumas experienced by a formerly indentured Indo-Trinidadian family in the early twentieth century. However, relatively little attention has been given to Ladoo’s experimentation with multiple languages, particularly English, Trinidadian Creole, and Hindi. This article argues that Ladoo’s multilingualism offers a guide for approaching the traumatic experiences he represents. While some aspects of the novel, such as its glossary, make the characters’ language (...)
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  50.  23
    On the Problem of Origin in Sartre's Phenomenology: Essentialism versus Unlimited Semiosis.Shawn Gorman - 2009 - Sartre Studies International 15 (1):39-53.
    One of the basic intuitions guiding Sartre's phenomenological works is that phenomena cannot be reduced to essences that are separate from appearances. Such a separation leads to a type of semiotic profusion that Sartre criticizes in L'Etre et le néant by evoking the example of Proust. Sartre's ontology must avoid this infinite proliferation of meaning without falling into a type of essentialism where things are merely what they appear to be. Sartre's references to Proust demonstrate not only the pitfalls of (...)
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