Results for 'Sharon L. Gardner'

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  1.  29
    Fair, Just and Compassionate: A Pilot for Making Allocation Decisions for Patients Requesting Experimental Drugs Outside of Clinical Trials.Arthur L. Caplan, J. Russell Teagarden, Lisa Kearns, Alison S. Bateman-House, Edith Mitchell, Thalia Arawi, Ross Upshur, Ilina Singh, Joanna Rozynska, Valerie Cwik & Sharon L. Gardner - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):761-767.
    Patients have received experimental pharmaceuticals outside of clinical trials for decades. There are no industry-wide best practices, and many companies that have granted compassionate use, or ‘preapproval’, access to their investigational products have done so without fanfare and without divulging the process or grounds on which decisions were made. The number of compassionate use requests has increased over time. Driving the demand are new treatments for serious unmet medical needs; patient advocacy groups pressing for access to emerging treatments; internet platforms (...)
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  2. Science as Social Knowledge.Sharon L. Crasnow - 1992 - Hypatia 8 (3):194-201.
    In Science as Social Knowledge, Helen Longino offers a contextual analysis of evidential relevance. She claims that this "contextual empiricism" reconciles the objectivity of science with the claim that science is socially constructed. I argue that while her account does offer key insights into the role that values play in science, her claim that science is nonetheless objective is problematic.
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  3.  78
    Collateral Damage: How High-Stakes Testing Corrupts America's Schools.Sharon L. Nichols, David C. Berliner & Nel Noddings - 2007 - Harvard Education Press.
    Drawing on their extensive research, Nichols and Berliner document and categorize the ways that high-stakes testing threatens the purposes and ideals of the American education system. For more than a decade, the debate over high-stakes testing has dominated the field of education. This passionate and provocative book provides a fresh perspective on the issue and powerful ammunition for opponents of high-stakes tests. Their analysis is grounded in the application of Campbell’s Law, which posits that the greater the social consequences associated (...)
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  4. How Natural Can Ontology Be?Sharon L. Crasnow - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (1):114-132.
    Arthur Fine's Natural Ontological Attitude (NOA) is intended to provide an alternative to both realism and antirealism. I argue that the most plausible meaning of "natural" in NOA is "nonphilosophical," but that Fine comes to NOA through a particular conception of philosophy. I suggest that instead of a natural attitude we should adopt a philosophical attitude. This is one that is self-conscious, pragmatic, pluralistic, and sensitive to context. I conclude that when scientific realism and antirealism are viewed with a philosophical (...)
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  5. Can Science Be Objective? Longino's Science as Social Knowledge.Sharon L. Crasnow - 1993 - Hypatia 8 (3):194-201.
    InScience as Social Knowledge, Helen Longino offers a contextual analysis of evidential relevance. She claims that this “contextual empiricism” reconciles the objectivity of science with the claim that science is socially constructed. I argue that while her account does offer key insights into the role that values play in science, her claim that science is nonetheless objective is problematic.
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  6.  10
    Physical Stigma, Interaction, and Compliance.Sharon L. Soble & Lloyd H. Strickland - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):130-132.
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  7.  67
    Models and Reality: When Science Tackles Sex.Sharon L. Crasnow - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (3):138-148.
    Through a discussion of the way science has been used to address intersexuality, I explore an idea about how to understand science as objective and yet influenced by social, historical, and cultural factors. I propose that the Semantic View of theories provides a means of understanding how science describes reality, and I look at the way science has been used to distinguish the sexes to provide an illustration.
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  8.  34
    Exploring the Public Understanding of Basic Genetic Concepts.Sharon L. R. Kardia, Jane P. Sheldon, Elizabeth M. Petty, Merle Feldbaum, Elizabeth S. Anderson, Angela D. Lanie & Toby Epstein Jayaratne - unknown
    It is predicted that the rapid acquisition of new genetic knowledge and related applications during the next decade will have significant implications for virtually all members of society. Currently, most people get exposed to information about genes and genetics only through stories publicized in the media. We sought to understand how individuals in the general population used and understood the concepts of ???genetics??? and ???genes.??? During in-depth one-on-one telephone interviews with adults in the United States, we asked questions exploring their (...)
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  9.  91
    Bayes Not Bust! Why Simplicity Is No Problem for Bayesians.David L. Dowe, Steve Gardner & and Graham Oppy - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (4):709 - 754.
    The advent of formal definitions of the simplicity of a theory has important implications for model selection. But what is the best way to define simplicity? Forster and Sober ([1994]) advocate the use of Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC), a non-Bayesian formalisation of the notion of simplicity. This forms an important part of their wider attack on Bayesianism in the philosophy of science. We defend a Bayesian alternative: the simplicity of a theory is to be characterised in terms of Wallace's Minimum (...)
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  10.  11
    The Evocative Power of Words: Activation of Concepts by Verbal and Nonverbal Means.Gary Lupyan & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):170-186.
  11.  46
    Reworking the Language Network.Evelina Fedorenko & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (3):120-126.
  12.  42
    Sundials Sharon L. Gibbs: Greek and Roman Sundials. Pp. Viii + 421; 68 Plates (and Line Drawings). New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1976. Cloth, £11·55. [REVIEW]Philip Pattenden - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (02):336-339.
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  13.  14
    Of African American Women in Academe.Sharon L. Holmes - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  14.  3
    Regional Governance and East Central Europe: The EU, NATO and the Consolidation of Democracy.Sharon L. Wolchik - 2003 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 4 (2):273-292.
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  15.  36
    A. Luisi: Il perdono negato. Ovidio e la corrente filoantoniana. Pp. 178. Bari: Edipuglia, 2001. Paper, €15.90. ISBN: 88-7228-315-9. [REVIEW]Sharon L. James - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (1):248-249.
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  16.  9
    The Ecology of Collaborative Child Rearing: A Systems Approach to Child Care on the Kibbutz.Sharone L. Maital & Marc H. Bornstein - 2003 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 31 (2):274-306.
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  17.  41
    The Economics of Roman Elegy: Voluntary Poverty, the Recusatio, and the Greedy Girl.Sharon L. James - 2001 - American Journal of Philology 122 (2):223-253.
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  18. Twenty Years of Ovid and Literary Theory.Sharon L. James - 2015 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 108 (2):205-220.
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  19.  5
    The Ecology of Collaborative Child Rearing: A Systems Approach to Child Care on the Kibbutz.Sharone L. Maital & Marc H. Bornstein - 2003 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 31 (2):274-306.
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  20.  33
    Ethics and Law: Guiding the Invisible Hand to Correct Corporate Social Responsibility Externalities. [REVIEW]Paul K. Shum & Sharon L. Yam - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):549 - 571.
    Tokenistic short-term economic success is not good indicia of long-term success. Sustainable business success requires sustained existence in a corporation's political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental contexts. Far beyond the traditional economic focus, consumers, governments and public interest groups alike increasingly expect the business sector to take on more social and environmental responsibilities. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is the model in which economic, social and environmental responsibilities are fulfilled simultaneously. However, there is insufficient empirical evidence that demonstrates genuine widespread (...)
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  21.  10
    Powerplay in Tibullus: Reading Elegies Book 1 (Review).Sharon L. James - 2002 - American Journal of Philology 123 (2):308-312.
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  22.  2
    Sharon L. James & Sheila Dillon (Dir.), A Companion to Women in the Ancient World.Violaine Sebillotte Cuchet - 2013 - Clio 38.
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  23.  4
    String Quartet Performance as Ritual.Sharon L. Scholl - 1992 - American Journal of Semiotics 9 (1):115 - 129.
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  24. Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries.Valerie J. Bunce & Sharon L. Wolchik - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    From 1998 to 2005, six elections took place in postcommunist Europe that had the surprising outcome of empowering the opposition and defeating authoritarian incumbents or their designated successors. Valerie J. Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik compare these unexpected electoral breakthroughs. They draw three conclusions. First, the opposition was victorious because of the hard and creative work of a transnational network composed of local opposition and civil society groups, members of the international democracy assistance community and graduates of successful electoral (...)
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  25.  7
    Philippine Indic Studies.A. L. Kroeber & Fletcher Gardner - 1944 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 64 (1):34.
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  26.  1
    Semantic Influences on Episodic Memory Distortions.Alexa Tompary & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  27.  69
    Out From the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy.Anita M. Superson & Sharon L. Crasnow (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection showcases the work of 18 analytical feminists from a variety of traditional areas of philosophy. It highlights successful uses of concepts and approaches from traditional philosophy, and illustrates the contributions that feminist approaches have made and could make to the analysis of issues in key areas of traditional philosophy, while also demonstrating that traditional philosophy ignores feminist insights and feminist critiques of traditional philosophy at its own peril.
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  28.  22
    The Matter of Disability.David T. Mitchell & Sharon L. Snyder - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (4):487-492.
    By ruling out questions of impairment from the social critique of disability, Disability Studies analyses establish a limit point in the field. Of course the setting of “limits” enables possibilities in multiple directions as well as fortifies boundaries of refusal. For instance, impairment becomes in DS simultaneously a productive refusal to interpret disabled bodies as inferior to non-disabled bodies and a bar to thinking through more active engagements with disability as materiality. Disability materiality such as conditions produced by ecological toxicities (...)
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  29.  31
    Freud's Rome: Psychoanalysis and Latin Poetry.Sharon L. James - 2011 - American Journal of Philology 132 (2):327-330.
    This Cambridge "little book" takes up residence in the influential aerie of psychoanalytic studies in Latin poetry, whose best-known members are the Lacanianists Paul Allen Miller and Micaela Janan. Oliensis' contribution is to introduce the father of psychoanalysis to the club. She rightly insists that "the 'Freud' of Freud's Rome is not just a synecdoche for psychoanalysis", and she carefully distinguishes Freud from Lacan. She focuses on mourning, motherhood, and sexual difference, and she studies what she calls the "textual unconscious," (...)
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  30.  4
    Biotech or Biowreck? The Implications of Jurassic Park and Genetic Engineering.Leslie D. Chapin & Sharon L. Chapin - 1994 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 14 (1):19-23.
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  31.  19
    Suppression of Play Fighting by Amphetamine Does Not Depend Upon Peripheral Catecholaminergic Influences.William W. Beatty, Sharon L. Berry & Kevin B. Costello - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (5):407-410.
  32.  19
    From the Structure of Experience to Concepts of Structure: How the Concept “Cause” is Attributed to Objects and Events.Anna Leshinskaya & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (4):619-643.
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  33.  37
    Categorization is Modulated by Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Over Left Prefrontal Cortex.Gary Lupyan, Daniel Mirman, Roy Hamilton & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2012 - Cognition 124 (1):36-49.
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  34.  15
    Local Patterns to Global Architectures: Influences of Network Topology on Human Learning.Elisabeth A. Karuza, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill & Danielle S. Bassett - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):629-640.
  35.  4
    Looking to Other Professions to Advance the Health Care Ethics Consultant Certification Program.Susannah Leigh Rose, Georgina Morley, Sharon L. Feldman & Jane Jankowski - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):21-24.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 21-24.
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  36.  5
    Function Follows Form: Activation of Shape and Function Features During Object Identification.Eiling Yee, Stacy Huffstetler & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (3):348-363.
  37. Visual Imagery, Neural Basis Of.Sharon L. Thompson‐Schill - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  38.  7
    Fast Mapping Rapidly Integrates Information Into Existing Memory Networks.Marc N. Coutanche & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (6):2296-2303.
  39.  8
    Motor Experience Influences Object Knowledge.Evangelia G. Chrysikou, Daniel Casasanto & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (3):395-408.
  40. “The Church.William J. Abraham, Jose Miguez Bonino, Robert F. Drinan, Leo Pfeffer, Seymour Siegel, George Huntston Williams & Sharon L. Worthing - 2010 - In Charles Taliaferro & Chad V. Meister (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Christian Philosophical Theology. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  41.  9
    Graduate Students’ Experiences with Research Ethics in Conducting Health Research.Wendy Petillion, Sherri Melrose, Sharon L. Moore & Simon Nuttgens - 2017 - Research Ethics 13 (3-4):139-154.
    Graduate students typically first experience research ethics when they submit their masters or doctoral research projects for ethics approval. Research ethics boards in Canada review and grant ethical approval for student research projects and often have to provide additional support to these novice researchers. Previous studies have explored curriculum content, teaching approaches, and the learning environment related to research ethics for graduate students. However, research does not exist that examines students’ actual experience with the research ethics process. Qualitative description was (...)
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  42.  17
    Convergent Behavioral and Neuropsychological Evidence for a Distinction Between Identification and Production Forms of Repetition Priming.John De Gabrieli, Chandan J. Vaidya, Maria Stone, Wendy S. Francis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, Debra A. Fleischman, Jared R. Tinklenberg, Jerome A. Yesavage & Robert S. Wilson - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):479.
  43.  18
    Political Protest and Prophecy Under Henry VIII.Sharon L. Jansen.Philip Soergel - 1994 - Speculum 69 (1):183-184.
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  44. The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition?Evangelia G. Chrysikou, Jared M. Novick, John C. Trueswell & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):253-256.
    Cognitive control refers to the regulation of mental activity to support flexible cognition across different domains. Cragg and Nation (2010) propose that the development of cognitive control in children parallels the development of language abilities, particularly inner speech. We suggest that children’s late development of cognitive control also mirrors their limited ability to revise misinterpretations of sentence meaning. Moreover, we argue that for certain tasks, a tradeoff between bottom-up (data-driven) and top-down (rule-based) thinking may actually benefit performance in both children (...)
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  45.  25
    Rapid Consolidation of New Knowledge in Adulthood Via Fast Mapping.Marc N. Coutanche & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (9):486-488.
  46.  7
    A Taxonomy and an Ethicist’s Toolbox: Mapping a Plurality of Normative Approaches.Paul J. Ford, Douglas O. Stewart, Joseph P. DeMarco & Sharon L. Feldman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):78-80.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 78-80.
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  47.  13
    More Examples of Chimpanzees Teaching.Matthew H. Scheel, Heidi L. Shaw & R. Allen Gardner - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  48.  3
    Generating Visual Images: Units and Relations.Stephen M. Kosslyn, Brian J. Reiser, Martha J. Farah & Sharon L. Fliegel - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (2):278-303.
  49.  11
    Putting Lexical Constraints in Context Into the Visual-World Paradigm.Jared M. Novick, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill & John C. Trueswell - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):850-903.
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  50. Evaluation of the Preparation of Teachers in Science and Mathematics: Assessment of Preservice Teachers' Attitudes and Beliefs.Teresa M. McDeviw, Henry W. Heikkinen, Janet K. Alcorn, Anthony L. Ambrosio & April L. Gardner - 1993 - Science Education 77 (6):593-610.
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