Results for 'Sharon E. Mason'

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  1.  82
    Climate Science Denial as Willful Hermeneutical Ignorance.Sharon E. Mason - 2020 - Social Epistemology 34 (5):469-477.
    Climate science denial results from ignorance and perpetuates ignorance about scientific facts and methods of inquiry. In this paper, I explore climate science denial as a type of active ignorance...
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  2.  70
    Dilemmas, Conspiracies, and Sophie’s Choice: Vignette Themes and Ethical Judgments.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):639-653.
    Knowledge about ethical judgments has not advanced appreciably after decades of research. Such research, however, has rarely addressed the possible importance of the content of such judgments; that is, the material appearing in the brief vignettes or scenarios on which survey respondents base their evaluations. Indeed, this content has seemed an afterthought in most investigations. This paper closely examined the vast array of vignettes that have appeared in relevant research in an effort to reduce this proliferation to a more concise (...)
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  3.  38
    Individual ethical beliefs and perceived organizational interests.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (8):851 - 861.
    Two contrasting types of individuals were each predicted to agree, for different reasons, that conventional ethical standards of society need not be upheld if organizational interests appear to demand otherwise. The hypotheses were investigated using questionnaire responses from two samples (employed and student, total N=308). Clear support was obtained for the prediction that individuals inclined toward self-interest and behavior counter to conventional standards would agree with the preceding position. Partial support was obtained for the hypothesis that individuals who simply feel (...)
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  4.  5
    Daniel R. DeNicola, "Understanding Ignorance: The Surprising Impact of What We Don’t Know." Reviewed by. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Mason - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (3):121-123.
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  5.  22
    Food Philosophy: An Introduction, by David M. Kaplan. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Mason - 2020 - Teaching Philosophy 43 (2):207-210.
  6.  54
    Ethical Judgments: What Do We Know, Where Do We Go? [REVIEW]Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):575-597.
    Investigations into ethical judgments generally seem fuzzy as to the relevant research domain. We first attempted to clarify the construct and determine domain parameters. This attempt required addressing difficulties associated with pinpointing relevant literature, most notably the varied nomenclature used to refer to ethical judgments (individual evaluations of actions’ ethicality). Given this variation in construct nomenclature and the difficulties it presented in identifying pertinent focal studies, we elected to focus on research that cited papers featuring prominent and often-used measures of (...)
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  7.  9
    Vignette Themes and Moral Reasoning in Business Contexts: The Case for the Defining Issues Test. [REVIEW]Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 181 (4):979-995.
    Some researchers interested in assessing moral reasoning among business practitioners or students have developed their own vignettes or scenarios set in business contexts, based on assumptions that the situations presented in the often-used Defining Issues Test (DIT) will somehow be inappropriate for these specific types of respondents. This paper is the first to examine in depth both the actual details contained in these business-oriented scenarios and empirical findings emerging from them. Among this paper’s conclusions are: (1) assumptions underpinning the presumed (...)
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  8.  21
    A relativistic approach to moral judgment in individuals: Review and reinterpretation.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (2):403-416.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
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  9.  23
    Utilitarian Traits and the Janus-Headed Model: Origins, Meaning, and Interpretation.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):227-240.
    Two distinct and perhaps mutually exclusive understandings of utilitarianism have emerged in the ethics literature. Utilitarianism is typically regarded as an approach to determine ethicality by focusing on whether or not actions produce the greater good, but has also been conceptualized as a set of traits to which individuals might be predisposed. This paper is designed to clarify the meaning and implications of such utilitarian traits as “results-oriented,” “innovative,” and “a winner.” Although the Janus-headed model of ethical theory from which (...)
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  10.  75
    Gender and ethical orientation: A test of gender and occupational socialization theories. [REVIEW]E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):599 - 604.
    Ethics and associated values influence not only managerial behavior but also managerial success (England and Lee, 1973). Gender socialization theory hypothesizes gender differences in ethics variables whether or not individuals are full time employees; occupational socialization hypothesizes gender similarity in employees. The conflicting hypotheses were investigated using questionnaire responses from a sample of 308 individuals. Analysis of variance and hierarchical regression yielded unexpected results. Although no significant gender differences emerged in individuals lacking full time employment, significant differences existed between employed (...)
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  11.  26
    Moral Reasoning and Its Connections With Machiavellianism and Authoritarianism: The Critical Roles of Index Choice and Utilization.E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 2019 - Business and Society 58 (4):779-812.
    Moral reasoning typically relates unexpectedly weakly with both Machiavellianism and authoritarianism. Although researchers often explain this by pointing to apparent shortcomings in both the construct and the measure of moral reasoning, such explanations are questionable given the many instances of support for hypotheses involving moral reasoning using the same construct and measure. As these latter cannot only sometimes be flawed, we explored the possible influence of moral reasoning index choice on observed results by using multiple indices available in the Defining (...)
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  12.  22
    Utilitarian Traits and the Janus-Headed Model: Origins, Meaning, and Interpretation.E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):227-240.
    Two distinct and perhaps mutually exclusive understandings of utilitarianism have emerged in the ethics literature. Utilitarianism is typically regarded as an approach to determine ethicality by focusing on whether or not actions produce the greater good, but has also been conceptualized as a set of traits to which individuals might be predisposed. This paper is designed to clarify the meaning and implications of such utilitarian traits as “results-oriented,” “innovative,” and “a winner.” Although the Janus-headed model of ethical theory from which (...)
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  13.  45
    Do complex moral reasoners experience greater ethical work conflict?E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1311-1318.
    Individuals who disagree that organizational interests legitimately supersede those of the wider society may experience conflict between their personal standards of ethics and those demanded by an employing organization, a conflict that is well documented. An additional question is whether or not individuals capable of complex moral reasoning experience greater conflict than those reasoning at a less developed level. This question was first positioned in a theoretical framework and then investigated using 115 survey responses from a student sample. Correlational analysis (...)
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  14.  65
    Agapic friendship.Sharon E. Sytsma - 2003 - Philosophy and Literature 27 (2):428-435.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Philosophy and Literature 27.2 (2003) 428-435 [Access article in PDF] Agapic Friendship Sharon E. Sytsma ARISTOTLE CATEGORIZED FRIENDSHIP into three types: friendships of pleasure, friendships of utility, and complete (perfect or true) friendships (1156a5-10). 1 The thesis developed here is that Aristotle neglects an important kind of friendship. Various aspects of his theory of friendship have been challenged, but no one has charged that his categorization is incomplete. (...)
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  15.  17
    The Battling Botanist: Daniel Trembly MacDougal, Mutation Theory, and the Rise of Experimental Evolutionary Biology in America, 1900-1912.Sharon E. Kingsland - 1991 - Isis 82 (3):479-509.
  16.  54
    Coincidence Avoidance and Formulating the Access Problem.Sharon E. Berry - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (6):687 - 701.
    In this article, I discuss a trivialization worry for Hartry Field’s official formulation of the access problem for mathematical realists, which was pointed out by Øystein Linnebo (and has recently been made much of by Justin Clarke-Doane). I argue that various attempted reformulations of the Benacerraf problem fail to block trivialization, but that access worriers can better defend themselves by sticking closer to Hartry Field’s initial informal characterization of the access problem in terms of (something like) general epistemic norms of (...)
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  17.  59
    Compassion and Moral Worth.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1997 - Dialogue 36 (3):583.
    Mon projet est de montrer qu'une meilleure compréhension de la position de Kant sur la valeur morale et sur le rôle de la compassion révèle que les objections soulevées par les théoriciens contemporains de la psychologie morale et par les féministes ne sont pas fondées, et que la position de Kant sur ces questions n'est pas du tout contre-intuitive. D'autres on dej´ soutenu que Kant accorde un rôle important á la compassion et que sa présence, pour lui, ne diminue pas (...)
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  18.  51
    Ethical internalism and moral indifference.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (2):193-201.
    I examine the argument that Ethical Internalism (the theory that moral judgment entails or guarantees motivation to act morally) must be false because of the fact of moral indifference. I argue that no facts of moral indifference can be adduced as evidence against the internalism. I begin by distinguishing two main versions of internalism. Then I identify and characterize four common forms of moral indifference and explain why each form fails to offer evidence against internalism. Only what I call Authentic (...)
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  19.  35
    The role of Achtung in Kant's moral theory.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1993 - Auslegung 19 (2):117-122.
  20. Anencephalics as organ sources.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
    In recent years, the need for infant organs for transplantation has increased. There is a growing recognition of the potential use of anencephalics as sources of organs. Prevalent arguments defending the use of live anencephalics for organ sources are identified and criticized. I argue that attempts to deny the applicability of the dead-donor rule are either question-begging or based on false premises and that attempts to skirt the Kantian dictum against treating others as a means only are not successful. I (...)
     
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  21.  14
    Frits Went’s Atomic Age Greenhouse: The Changing Labscape on the Lab-Field Border.Sharon E. Kingsland - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (2):289-324.
    In Landscapes and Labscapes Robert Kohler emphasized the separation between laboratory and field cultures and the creation of new "hybrid" or mixed practices as field sciences matured in the early twentieth century. This article explores related changes in laboratory practices, especially novel designs for the analysis of organism-environment relations in the mid-twentieth century. American ecologist Victor Shelford argued in 1929 that technological improvements and indoor climate control should be applied to ecological laboratories, but his recommendations were too ambitious for the (...)
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  22.  24
    The Significance of Dewey's Democracy and Education for 21st-Century Education.E. Mason Lance - 2017 - Education and Culture 33 (1):41-57.
    This paper explores Dewey's landmark book Democracy and Education1 and the insights it holds for 21st-century education. Regarding the term "21st-century education," Alfie Kohn aptly notes that "we can take whatever objectives of teaching strategies we happen to favor and, merely by attaching a label that designates a future time period, endow them and ourselves with an aura of novelty and significance."2 The intention of this paper is to re-appropriate this term from two groups that tend to employ it. The (...)
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  23.  43
    For the Sake of the Children: Destigmatizing Intersexuality.Sharon E. Preves - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (4):411-420.
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  24.  16
    The cross in the midst of creation: following Jesus, engaging the powers, transforming the world.Sharon E. Delgado - 2022 - Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press.
    The Cross in the Midst of Creation asserts that the crucifixion is ongoing as institutional powers diminish human life and destroy creation, and that the resurrection is ongoing as faith overcomes despair and the Spirit equips people to follow Jesus and to struggle for a transformed world.
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  25.  24
    Nursing ethics committees and policy development.Sharon E. Igoe & Susan A. Goncalves - 1997 - HEC Forum 9 (1):20-26.
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  26.  20
    Mathematical figments, biological facts: Population ecology in the thirties.Sharon E. Kingsland - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):235-256.
  27.  44
    Battered Woman Who Kill: Victims and Agents of Violence.Sharon E. Hartline - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (2):56-67.
  28.  16
    Shaking the gates of hell: faith-led resistance to corporate globalization.Sharon E. Delgado - 2020 - Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
    Shaking the Gates of Hell: Faith-Led Resistance to Corporate Globalization breaks new ground by describing the global economy and its effects from the perspective of an integrated theology of "the earth as primary revelation" and the institutional powers of this world. It reaches the conclusion that hope lies in nonviolent resistance and ecological and social responsibility based on God's action in Jesus and in the triumph of God over the powers. This book describes today's interrelated social, economic, and ecological crises (...)
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  29.  11
    Holding chromatids together to ensure they go their separate ways.Sharon E. Bickel & Terry L. Orr-Weaver - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):293-300.
    Association between sister chromatids is essential for their attachment and segregation to opposite poles of the spindle in mitosis and meiosis II. Sister‐chromatid cohesion is also likely to be involved in linking homologous chromosomes together in meiosis I. Cytological observations provide evidence that attachment between sister chromatids is different in meiosis and mitosis and suggest that cohesion between the chromatid arms may differ mechanistically from that at the centromere. The physical nature of cohesion is addressed, and proteins that are candidates (...)
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  30. Gunk Mountains: A puzzle.Sharon E. Berry - 2019 - Analysis 79 (1):3-10.
    This note points out a conflict between some common intuitions about metaphysical possibility. On the one hand, it is appealing to deny that there are robust counterfactuals about how various physically impossible substances would interact with the matter that exists at our world. On the other hand, our intuitions about how concepts like MOUNTAIN apply at other metaphysically possible worlds seem to presuppose facts about ‘solidity’ which cash out in terms of these counterfactuals. I consider several simple attempts to resolve (...)
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  31.  10
    A Humanistic Science: Charles Judson Herrick and the Struggle for Psychobiology at the University of Chicago.Sharon E. Kingsland - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1 (3):445-477.
    This article examines the study of mind and behavior at the University of Chicago through the career of Charles Judson Herrick, neuroanatomist and psychobiologist. Herrick’s views on human nature, education, and social control are discussed in the context of the progressive evolutionism pervading the university in the early twentieth century. The religious background of Herrick’s work is important to understanding the service ethos that permeated his science, which was also the basis of his interest in pragmatism and of his opposition (...)
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  32.  26
    Neural Processing of Facial Identity and Emotion in Infants at High-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders.Sharon E. Fox, Jennifer B. Wagner, Christine L. Shrock, Helen Tager-Flusberg & Charles A. Nelson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  33.  16
    Maintaining Continuity through a Scientific Revolution.Sharon E. Kingsland - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):468-488.
    ABSTRACT A rereading of the American scientific literature on sex determination from 1902 to 1926 leads to a different understanding of the construction of the Mendelian‐chromosome theory after 1910. There was significant intellectual continuity, which has not been properly appreciated, underlying this scientific “revolution.” After reexamining the relationship between the ideas of key scientists, in particular Edmund B. Wilson and Thomas Hunt Morgan, I argue that, contrary to the historical literature, Wilson and Morgan did not adopt opposing views on Mendelism (...)
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  34.  19
    Data-Driven Decision Making and Dewey's Science of Education.Natalie Schelling & Lance E. Mason - 2021 - Education and Culture 37 (1):41-59.
  35. Efthalia C. Constantinides, The Wall Paintings of the Panagia Olympiotissa at Elasson in Northern Thessaly. Ed. Jacques Y. Perreault. Preface by Doula Mouriki (†). 2 vols.(Publications of the Canadian Archaeological Institute at Athens, 2.) Athens: Canadian Archaeological Institute at Athens, 1992. 1: pp. 410; 14 plans, 3 maps, 2 black-and-white illustrations. 2: pp. 255; 110 color plates, 143 black-and-white plates. $150. Distributed in the US by Medieval Materials, 6 Follen St., Cambridge, MA 02138. [REVIEW]Sharon E. J. Gerstel - 1994 - Speculum 69 (2):447-449.
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  36.  8
    Book Review: Intersexuality and the Law: Why Sex Matters by Julie A. Greenberg. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Preves - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (1):167-169.
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  37.  46
    The J.H.B. bookshelf.Shirley A. Roe, Sharon E. Kingsland, Jane Maienschein & Barbara G. Beddall - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (1):177-184.
  38.  8
    Tracing village communities: unknown inscriptions from the church of St. Philip, Ano Poula, Mani.Panayotis S. Katsafados & Sharon E. J. Gerstel - 2024 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 117 (1):137-156.
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  39.  20
    Illuminating the Complexities of Ethical Decision Making: APA Ethics Code Commentary and Case Illustrations. Linda Campbell, Melba Vasquez, Stephen Behnke, and Robert Kinscherff. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010, 392 pages, $69.95. [REVIEW]Rebecca A. Rialon & Sharon E. Williams - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (3):261-262.
    Ethics & Behavior, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 261-262, May-June 2011.
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  40.  81
    Essay review: The history of ecology. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Kingsland - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):349-357.
  41.  17
    Intensity-time relationship and perceived shape.H. W. Leibowitz, Sharon E. Toffey & John L. Searle - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):7.
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  42. Kurt Weitzmann and Herbert L. Kessler, The Cotton Genesis.(The Illustrations in the Manuscripts of the Septuagint, 1.) Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. Pp. xiii, 250; many black-and-white illustrations, 25 color plates. $150. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Gerstel - 1988 - Speculum 63 (3):731-733.
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  43.  37
    Ethics briefings.M. Davies, S. Brannan, E. Chrispin, S. Mason, R. Mussell, J. Sheather & A. Sommerville - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):447-449.
    Update on donation of bodily material in the UKIn March 2010, the Human Tissue Authority announced that the first pooled kidney transplants, each involving three living donors and three recipients, had been performed in the UK. 1 While the vast majority of living donor transplants take place between people who are genetically related or are otherwise emotionally close, the Human Tissue Act 2004 introduced greater flexibility, permitting, for example, altruistic, paired and pooled donation. The HTA commented that these types of (...)
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  44.  27
    The relationship between death anxiety and level of self-esteem: A reassessment.Victoria L. Buzzanga, Holly R. Miller, Sharon E. Perne, Julie A. Sander & Stephen F. Davis - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):570-572.
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  45.  18
    Ethics briefings.M. Davies, S. Brannan, E. Chrispin, S. Mason, R. Mussell, J. Sheather & A. Sommerville - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):62-64.
  46. The JHB bookshelf.Mark V. Barrow Jr, Keith R. Benson, Paula Findlen, Deborah Fitzgerald, Joel B. Hagen, Joy Harvey, Sharon E. Kingsland, Jane Maienschein, Gregg Mitman & Lynn K. Nyhart - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29:463-479.
     
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  47.  25
    Pediatric Cancer Genetics Research and an Evolving Preventive Ethics Approach for Return of Results after Death of the Subject.Sarah Scollon, Katie Bergstrom, Laurence B. McCullough, Amy L. McGuire, Stephanie Gutierrez, Robin Kerstein, D. Williams Parsons & Sharon E. Plon - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):529-537.
    The return of genetic research results after death in the pediatric setting comes with unique complexities. Researchers must determine which results and through which processes results are returned. This paper discusses the experience over 15 years in pediatric cancer genetics research of returning research results after the death of a child and proposes a preventive ethics approach to protocol development in order to improve the quality of return of results in pediatric genomic settings.
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  48.  34
    The J.H.B. bookshelf.Shirley A. Roe, Keith R. Benson, Joy Harvey & Sharon E. Kingsland - 1987 - Journal of the History of Biology 20 (1):131-135.
  49.  59
    The J.H.B. bookshelf.Shirley A. Roe, Eugene Cittadino, Sharon E. Kingsland, Janet Browne, Ronald Rainger, A. R. S. & Keith R. Benson - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):313-322.
  50.  12
    Brett Coppenger and Michael Bergmann, eds., Intellectual Assurance, Essays on Traditional Epistemic Internalism. Reviewed by.Mason Sharon - 2017 - Philosophy in Review 37 (2):56-58.
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