Results for 'Seyedeh Zahra Mirezati'

141 found
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  1.  20
    Spirituality in Medical Education: A Concept Analysis.Seyedeh Zahra Nahardani, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Shoaleh Bigdeli & Kamran Soltani Arabshahi - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (2):179-189.
    Spirituality in medical education is an abstract multifaceted concept, related to the healthcare system. As a significant dimension of health, the importance and promotion of this concept has received considerable attention all over the world. However, it is still an abstract concept and its use in different contexts leads to different perceptions, thereby causing challenges. In this regard, the study aimed to clarify the existing ambiguities of the concept of spirituality in medical education. Walker and Avant concept analysis eight-step approach (...)
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  2.  8
    Redefining Liberty: Is Natural Inability a Legitimate Constraint of Liberty?Zahra Ladan - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (1):59-62.
    In P v Cheshire West, Lady Hale stated that an act that would deprive an able-bodied or able-minded person of their liberty would do the same to a mentally or physically disabled person. Throughout the judgement, there is no definition of what liberty is, which makes defining an act that would deprive a person of it difficult. Ideas of liberty are described in terms of political liberty within a society, the state of being free from external influence and individual autonomy. (...)
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  3.  51
    Dialogical Validity of Religious Measures in Iran: Relationships with Integrative Self-Knowledge and Self-Control of the “Perfect Man”.Zahra Rezazadeh, P. J. Watson, Christopher J. L. Cunningham & Nima Ghorbani - 2011 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (1):93-113.
    According to the ideological surround model of research, a more “objective” psychology of religion requires efforts to bring etic social scientific and emic religious perspectives into formal dialog. This study of 245 Iranian university students illustrated how the dialogical validity of widely used etic measures of religion can be assessed by examining an emic religious perspective on psychology. Integrative Self-Knowledge and Self-Control Scales recorded two aspects of the “Perfect Man” as described by the Iranian Muslim philosopher Mortazā Motahharī. Use of (...)
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  4.  12
    The Mediating Effect of Ethical Climate on Religious Orientation and Ethical Behavior.Zahra Marzieh Hassanian & Arezoo Shayan - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):1114-1127.
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  5.  68
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Effectiveness: A Multivariate Approach. [REVIEW]Shaker A. Zahra & Michael S. LaTour - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (6):459 - 467.
    In this paper, three major themes in research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) are identified. Of particular interest, however, is the potential link between CSR and organizational effectiveness (OE). Data collected from 410 college graduate and undergraduate students were used to examine this relationship. Using factor analysis, eight dimensions of CSR and three components of OE were extracted. Canonical analysis was then performed. The result supports the proposition that specific CSR practices affect select OE outcomes. In addition, the method employed (...)
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  6.  36
    A Robust, Particularist Ethical Assessment of Medical Tourism.Zahra Meghani - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):16-29.
    Recently, in increasing numbers, citizens of wealthy nations are heading to poorer countries for medical care. They are traveling to the global South as medical tourists because in their home nations either they cannot get timely medical care or they cannot afford needed treatments. This essay offers a robust, particularist ethical assessment of the practice of citizens of richer nations traveling to poorer countries for healthcare.
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  7.  19
    Ethics of Rationing of Nursing Care.Rooddehghan Zahra, Yekta Zohreh Parsa & N. Nasrabadi Alireza - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301666497.
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  8. Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Food and Neoliberalism: An Argument for Democratizing the Regulatory Review Protocol of the Food and Drug Administration.Zahra Meghani - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (6):967–989.
    The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified food. The FDA describes its regulatory review of GM food as a purely scientific activity, untainted by any normative considerations. This paper provides evidence that the regulatory agency is not justified in making that claim. It is argued that the FDA’s policy (...)
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  9.  20
    The Hard Sell of Genetically Engineered (GE) Mosquitoes with Gene Drives as the Solution to Malaria: Ethical, Political, Epistemic, and Epidemiological Issues in Global Health Governance.Zahra Meghani - 2020 - In Sharon Crasnow & Kristen Intemann (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Feminist Philosophy of Science. Routledge. pp. 435-457.
    This chapter analyzes the ‘hard sell’ of genetically engineered (GE) mosquitoes with gene drives as the solution to mosquito-borne diseases. A defining characteristic of the aggressive sell of the bio-technology is the ‘biologization’ of the significant prevalence of mosquito-borne diseases in certain socio-economically marginalized regions of the global South. Specifically, hard sell narratives either minimize or ignore the structural, systemic factors that are partially responsible for the public health problem that the GE mosquitoes are intended to bio-solve. The biologization of (...)
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  10.  27
    Equity in Nursing Care: A Grounded Theory Study.Zahra Rooddehghan, Zohreh ParsaYekta & Alireza N. Nasrabadi - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (2):598-610.
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  11.  25
    Executive Values and the Ethics of Company Politics: Some Preliminary Findings. [REVIEW]Shaker A. Zahra - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1):15 - 29.
    A model of correlates of executives' views of organizational politics was presented. The model incorporated three sets of variables: executives' background, values and attitudes. Data collected from 302 managers were used to validate the model. The results showed that precursors of executive perceptions of the ethics and effect of company politics were different. Values were stronger than background variables in explaining executives' views of company politics.
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  12. Autonomy of Nations and Indigenous Peoples and the Environmental Release of Genetically Engineered Animals with Gene Drives.Zahra Meghani - 2019 - Global Policy 10 (4):554-568.
    This article contends that the environmental release of genetically engineered (GE) animals with heritable traits that are patented will present a challenge to the efforts of nations and indigenous peoples to engage in self‐determination. The environmental release of such animals has been proposed on the grounds that they could function as public health tools or as solutions to the problem of agricultural insect pests. This article brings into focus two political‐economic‐legal problems that would arise with the environmental release of such (...)
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  13.  38
    Care for the Caregivers? Transnational Justice and Undocumented Non-Citizen Care Workers.Zahra Meghani & Lisa Eckenwiler - 2009 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 2 (1):77-101.
    In recent years, the flow of undocumented labor from the global South to richer nations has increased considerably. Many undocumented women workers find employment as caregivers for the dependent elderly, whose numbers are burgeoning in affluent countries. Here we present a profile of undocumented non-citizen caregivers in the United States and delineate some of the key injustices they suffer. After identifying the causal factors responsible for the flow of undocumented labor from the global South to richer nations like the United (...)
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  14. Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes, Zika and Other Arboviruses, Community Engagement, Costs, and Patents: Ethical Issues.Zahra Meghani & Christophe Boete - 2018 - PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7 (12).
    Genetically engineered (GE) insects, such as the GE OX513A Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, have been designed to suppress their wild-type populations so as to reduce the transmission of vector-borne diseases in humans. Apart from the ecological and epidemiological uncertainties associated with this approach, such biotechnological approaches may be used by individual governments or the global community of nations to avoid addressing the underlying structural, systemic causes of those infections... We discuss here key ethical questions raised by the use of GE mosquitoes, (...)
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  15.  1
    Regulating Animals with Gene Drive Systems: Lessons From the Regulatory Assessment of a Genetically Engineered Mosquito.Zahra Meghani & Jennifer Kuzma - 2018 - Journal of Responsible Innovation 5 (S1).
    For the purposes of conservation or suppression of species, gene drive technology has significant potential. Theoretically speaking, with the release of even relatively few animals with gene drive systems in an ecosystem, beneficial or harmful genes could be introduced into the entire wild-type population of that species. Given the profound impact that gene drives could have on species and ecosystems, their use is a highly contentious issue. Communities and groups have differing beliefs about nature and its conservation or preservation, as (...)
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  16.  37
    The US' Food and Drug Administration, Normativity of Risk Assessment, Gmos, and American Democracy.Zahra Meghani - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (2):125-139.
    The process of risk assessment of biotechnologies, such as genetically modified organisms (GMOs), has normative dimensions. However, the US’ Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seems committed to the idea that such evaluations are objective. This essay makes the case that the agency’s regulatory approach should be changed such that the public is involved in deciding any ethical or social questions that might arise during risk assessment of GMOs. It is argued that, in the US, neither aggregative nor deliberative (representative) democracy (...)
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  17.  21
    Genetically Engineered Animals, Drugs, and Neoliberalism: The Need for a New Biotechnology Regulatory Policy Framework.Zahra Meghani - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (6):715-743.
    Genetically engineered animals that are meant for release in the wild could significantly impact ecosystems given the interwoven or entangled existence of species. Therefore, among other things, it is all too important that regulatory agencies conduct entity appropriate, rigorous risk assessments that can be used for informed decision-making at the local, national and global levels about the release of those animals in the wild. In the United States, certain GE animals that are intended for release in the wild may be (...)
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  18.  53
    Values, Technologies, and Epistemology.Zahra Meghani - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (1):25-34.
    The aim of this paper is to make possible dialogue between those who claim that technologies are coded with social, political, or ethical values and those who argue that they are value-neutral. To demonstrate the relevance of this bridge-building project, the controversy regarding agrifood biotechnology will be used as a case study. Drawing on work by L. H. Nelson about the nature of human knowledge-building enterprises and E. F. Kittay’s account of the relationally-constituted self, the argument will be made that (...)
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  19.  30
    Facilitators and Inhibitors in Developing Professional Values in Nursing Students.Mahnaz Shafakhah, Zahra Molazem, Mojgan Khademi & Farkhondeh Sharif - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (2):153-164.
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  20.  73
    The “Revolving Door” Between Regulatory Agencies and Industry: A Problem That Requires Reconceptualizing Objectivity.Zahra Meghani & Jennifer Kuzma - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (6):575-599.
    There is a “revolving door” between federal agencies and the industries regulated by them. Often, at the end of their industry tenure, key industry personnel seek employment in government regulatory entities and vice versa. The flow of workers between the two sectors could bring about good. Industry veterans might have specialized knowledge that could be useful to regulatory bodies and former government employees could help businesses become and remain compliant with regulations. But the “revolving door” also poses at least three (...)
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  21.  23
    Background and Work Experience Correlates of the Ethics and Effect of Organizational Politics.Shaker A. Zahra - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (5):419 - 423.
    Empirical studies exploring managerial views of organizational politics (OP) are scarce. Furthermore, the literature is replete with inconsistent results regarding the correlates of OP. In this paper, data collected from 302 managers were used to examine the association between seven background and work experience variables and managerial attitudes regarding the ethics, locus, affect of OP on the organization, and the motives behind political maneuvering in the workplace. The results, however, show that association between managers' background and work experience factors and (...)
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  22.  88
    Unethical Practices in Competitive Analysis: Patterns, Causes and Effects. [REVIEW]Shaker A. Zahra - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (1):53 - 62.
    Scholars and executives have expressed concern over the growing frequency of unethical practices in companies'' conduct of competitive analysis — the process by which a firm gathers, analyzes, and interprets data about its rivals. This article reports the results of an exploratory study of 137 senior executives'' perceptions of unethical competitive analysis practices, their causes, and their potential effect on industries, companies and individuals. The article discusses the implications of the results for developing guidelines to safeguard against ethical violations in (...)
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  23.  17
    Organizational Politics and the Strategic Process.Shaker A. Zahra - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):579 - 587.
    In this paper the relationship between organizational politics (OP), and company strategy and performance was explored. Data were collected from 55 manufacturing firms. Controlling for company assets and industry type, OP intensity was associated with various stages of the strategic process. In addition, it was negatively associated with overall company performance. These results were corroborated by canonical analysis. Another important finding was that the stage of company evolution moderates the OP-strategic process relationship. Finally, future research directions and implications for managerial (...)
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  24.  7
    Zahra Meghani Women Migrant Workers: Ethical, Political and Legal Problems: Routledge, New York, 2016, 269 Pp, Price £90 , ISBN 9780415534079.Gabriela Marti - 2016 - Feminist Legal Studies 24 (2):233-237.
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  25.  14
    Observer-Based Sliding Mode Control for Path Tracking of a Spherical Robot.Majid Taheri Andani, Zahra Ramezani, Saeed Moazami, Jinde Cao, Mohammad Mehdi Arefi & Hassan Zargarzadeh - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-15.
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  26.  6
    Exploring Reader Engagement Through Emotional Intensification in the Bride: A Systemic Functional Perspective.Zahra Bokhari, Tazanfal Tehseem & Saba Zulfiqar - 2020 - Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 59 (2):28-44.
    Readers of literary narratives undergo an emotional experience by feeling varied emotions in various ways. While going through a narrative, we assume here, a fictive reader may be absorbed because they very often believe they develop a feel what is to be felt from a perspective presented and, similarly they understand what is to be understood in a given situation and character engaged in highly textually interwoven situation. Therefore, certain techniques and devices are employed by the authors of emotional fiction (...)
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  27.  9
    Effects of Minor Additions of Mg and Ag on Precipitation Phenomena in Al–4 Mass% Cu.A. -M. Zahra, C. Y. Zahra, K. Raviprasad ‡ & I. J. Polmear - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (24):2521-2541.
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  28.  14
    Is Personhood an Illusion?Zahra Meghani - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):62-63.
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  29.  2
    Action Recognition Online with Hierarchical Self-Organizing Maps.Zahra Gharaee, Peter Gärdenfors & Magnus Johnsson - unknown
    We present a hierarchical self-organizing map based system for online recognition of human actions. We have made a first evaluation of our system by training it on two different sets of recorded human actions, one set containing manner actions and one set containing result actions, and then tested it by letting a human performer carry out the actions online in real time in front of the system’s 3D-camera. The system successfully recognized more than 94% of the manner actions and most (...)
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  30.  14
    Using Modified Intelligent Experimental Design in Parameter Estimation of Chaotic Systems.Zahra Shourgashti, Hamid Keshvari & Shirin Panahi - 2017 - Complexity:1-6.
    Computational modeling plays an important role in prediction and optimization of real systems and processes. Models usually have some parameters which should be set up to the proper value. Therefore, parameter estimation is known as an important part of the modeling and system identification. It usually refers to the process of using sampled data to estimate the optimum values of parameters. The accuracy of model can be increased by adjusting its parameters to the optimum value which need a richer dataset. (...)
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  31.  15
    Palazzo Manresa—The Archbishop’s Curia.Lorenzo Zahra - 2016 - The Chesterton Review 42 (1/2):332-333.
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  32.  8
    Third-Order Epistemic Exclusion in Professional Philosophy.Zahra Thani & & Derek Anderson - forthcoming - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences.
    Zahra Thani & Derek Anderson ABSTRACT: Third-order exclusion is a form of epistemic oppression in which the epistemic lifeway of a dominant group disrupts the epistemic agency of members of marginalized groups. In this paper we apply situated perspectives in order to argue that philosophy as a discipline imposes third-order exclusions on members of marginalized ….
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  33.  6
    Family Firms’ Religious Identity and Strategic Renewal.Sondos G. Abdelgawad & Shaker A. Zahra - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (4):775-787.
    We examine the role of religious identity in promoting strategic renewal in privately held founder family firms. Religious identity in these firms refers to their collective sense of being that reflects their founders’ and owner family members’ espoused religious values and beliefs, thereby distinguishing themselves from others in what is central, distinct, and enduring about their organization. We propose that such a religious identity determines family firms’ spiritual capital, which influences strategic renewal activities such as conflict resolution and resource allocation. (...)
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  34.  3
    Family Firms’ Religious Identity and Strategic Renewal.Sondos G. Abdelgawad & Shaker A. Zahra - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (4):775-787.
    We examine the role of religious identity in promoting strategic renewal in privately held founder family firms. Religious identity in these firms refers to their collective sense of being that reflects their founders’ and owner family members’ espoused religious values and beliefs, thereby distinguishing themselves from others in what is central, distinct, and enduring about their organization. We propose that such a religious identity determines family firms’ spiritual capital, which influences strategic renewal activities such as conflict resolution and resource allocation. (...)
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  35.  14
    From Whom Do Physicians Obtain Consent for Surgery?Zahra Jarayedi & Fariba Asghari - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):366-370.
    ObjectiveTo evaluate the knowledge and performance of surgical residents regarding the person from whom informed consent should be taken for surgery and from whom the consent is taken in practice.Materials and methodsThis study was done in 2013. The population of this study was all residents of urology, surgery, orthopaedic surgery and gynaecology of Tehran and Iran University of Medical Sciences. The study tool was a self-administered questionnaire, containing questions on their knowledge and performance regarding informed consent acquisition from patients with (...)
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  36.  23
    Walter Benjamin and Reproducible Art.Zahra Kamali & Majid Akbari - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
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  37.  21
    Is Consanguineous Marriage Religiously Encouraged? Islamic and Iranian Considerations.Seyed Mohammad Akrami & Zahra Osati - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (2):313-316.
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  38.  35
    Gender Differences in Introductory University Physics Performance: The Influence of High School Physics Preparation and Affective Factors.Zahra Hazari, Robert H. Tai & Philip M. Sadler - 2007 - Science Education 91 (6):847-876.
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  39.  30
    Color in Islamic Theosophy: An Analytical Reading of Kubrā, Rāzī, Simnānī, and Kirmānī.Zahra Abdollah - 2011 - Journal of Islamic Philosophy 7:35-51.
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  40.  33
    Color in Islamic Theosophy: An Analytical Reading of Four Scholars: Kubrā, Rāzī, Simnānī, and Kirmānī.Zahra Abdollah - 2011 - Journal of Islamic Philosophy 7:35-52.
  41. Greater Khorasan: History, Geography, Archaeology and Material Culture.Zahra Lorzadeh, Abolfazl Mokarramifar & Haeedeh Laleh - 2015 - De Gruyter.
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  42.  7
    Le Paysage Urbain de Nishapur.Zahra Lorzadeh, Abolfazl Mokarramifar & Haeedeh Laleh - 2015 - In Rocco Rante (ed.), Greater Khorasan: History, Geography, Archaeology and Material Culture. De Gruyter. pp. 115-124.
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  43.  9
    PrefaceTable of ContentsPre-Mongol Khurasan. A Historical Introduction“Khorasan Proper” and “Greater Khorasan” Within a Politico-Cultural frameworkLa Crise D’Aridité Climatique de la Fin du 3ème Millénaire Av. J.-C., À la Lumière des Contextes Géomorphologique de 3 Sites D’Iran Oriental From Parthian to Islamic NisaMerv on Khorasanian Trade Routes From the 10th–13th centuriesAncient Herat Revisited. New Data From Recent Archaeological FieldworkTrois Mosquées du Début de L’Ère Islamique au Grand Khorassan : Bastam, Noh-Gonbadan/Haji-Piyadah de Balkh Et Zuzan D’Après des Investigations archéologiquesLe Paysage Urbain de NishapurNouvelles Recherches Sur la Céramique de Nishapur : La Prospection du shahrestanArchaeological Material in the Museum Setting: The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Excavations at NishapurNishapur Ceramics in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: 70 Years of Restoration TechniquesLe Grand Khorasan : Datation Par des Méthodes Physico-Chimiques IndexMaps: History, Geography, A. [REVIEW]Zahra Lorzadeh, Abolfazl Mokarramifar & Haeedeh Laleh - 2015 - In Rocco Rante (ed.), Greater Khorasan: History, Geography, Archaeology and Material Culture. De Gruyter. pp. 115-124.
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  44.  3
    Physicians’ and Nurses’ Decision Making to Encounter Neonates with Poor Prognosis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.Zahra Rafiee, Maryam Rabiee, Shiva Rafati, Nahid Rejeh, Hajieh Borna & Mojtaba Vaismoradi - 2020 - Clinical Ethics 15 (4):187-196.
    Background Decision making regarding the treatment of neonates with poor prognoses is difficult for healthcare staff working in the neonatal intensive care unit. This study aimed to investigate the attitudes of physicians and nurses about the value of life and ethical decision making when encountering neonates with poor prognosis in the NICU. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in five NICUs of five hospitals in Tehran city, Iran. The attitudes of 144 pediatricians, gynecologists and nurses were assessed using the questionnaire (...)
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  45.  6
    How Workplace Bullying Jeopardizes Employees’ Life Satisfaction: The Roles of Job Anxiety and Insomnia.Shazia Nauman, Sania Zahra Malik & Faryal Jalil - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46. Anne-Zahra Chemsseddoha, Les pratiques funéraires de l’'ge du Fer en Grèce du Nord: étude d’histoires régionales, Bordeaux (Ausonius Éditions) 2019 (Scripta Antiqua 121), 533 S., 140 Abb., ISBN 978-2-35613-249-9 (brosch.), € 30,–Les pratiques funéraires de l’'ge du Fer en Grèce du Nord: étude d’histoires régionales. [REVIEW]Marlis Arnhold - 2021 - Klio 103 (2):708-711.
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  47.  16
    Authority and Epistemology in Islamic Medical Ethics of Women’s Reproductive Health.Zahra Ayubi - 2021 - Journal of Religious Ethics 49 (2):245-269.
    Journal of Religious Ethics, Volume 49, Issue 2, Page 245-269, June 2021.
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  48.  9
    Factors Behind Ethical Dilemmas Regarding Physical Restraint for Critical Care Nurses.Zahra Salehi, Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Fatemeh Hajibabaee & Soodabeh Joolaee - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301985871.
    Background: Physical restraint is among the commonly used methods for ensuring patient safety in intensive care units. However, nurses usually experience ethical dilemmas over using physical restraint because they need to weigh patient autonomy against patient safety. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore factors behind ethical dilemmas for critical care nurses over using physical restraint for patients. Design: This is a qualitative study using conventional content analysis approach, as suggested by Graneheim and Lundman, to analyze the data. (...)
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  49.  11
    Third-Order Epistemic Exclusion in Professional Philosophy.Zahra Thani & Derek Anderson - 2020 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 7 (2):117-138.
    Third-order exclusion is a form of epistemic oppression in which the epistemic lifeway of a dominant group disrupts the epistemic agency of members of marginalized groups. In this paper we apply situated perspectives in order to argue that philosophy as a discipline imposes third-order exclusions on members of marginalized groups who are interested in participating in philosophy. We examine a number of specific aspects of the epistemic lifeway embodied by academic philosophy and show how this produces inaccessibility to the discipline. (...)
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  50.  3
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Evaluation of the Safety of Animal Clones: A Failure to Recognize the Normativity of Risk Assessment Projects.Inmaculada de Melo-Martín & Zahra Meghani - 2009 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 29 (1):9-17.
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced recently that food products derived from some animal clones and their offspring are safe for human consumption. In response to criticism that it had failed to engage with ethical, social, and economic concerns raised by livestock cloning, the FDA argued that addressing normative issues prior to issuing a final ruling on animal cloning is not part of its mission. In this article, the authors reject the FDA's claim that its mission to protect and (...)
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