Results for 'Sergei M. Levin'

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  1.  51
    Free will, science and causes of behavior.Sergei M. Levin - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (2):153-164.
    Some scientists and philosophers, based on scientific discoveries and empirical evidence, argue that free will does not exist. Some authors defend the opposite opinion. The universality of their reasoning unites opponents. They seek to correlate scientific knowledge with the entire sum of human actions and, consequently justify the existence of freedom of will or its absence. In the paper, I propose to narrow the focus of the issue to the study of the degree of freedom of individual actions or certain (...)
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  2.  5
    Intellectually Virtuous Inquirer and the Practical Value of Truth.Sergei M. Levin - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (4):54-59.
    Veritism is the thesis that the truth is the fundamental epistemic good. According to Duncan Pritchard, the most pressing objections to veritism are the trivial truths objection and the trivial inquiry problem. The former states that veritism entails that trivial truths are as important as deep and important truths. The latter is a problem that a veritist must prefer trivial inquiry that generates many trivial truths to the serious inquiry with the hope but no guarantee to discover some deep and (...)
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  3.  81
    Aberration and the Fundamental Speed of Gravity in the Jovian Deflection Experiment.Sergei M. Kopeikin & Edward B. Fomalont - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (8):1244-1285.
    We describe our explicit Lorentz-invariant solution of the Einstein and null geodesic equations for the deflection experiment of 2002 September 8 when a massive moving body, Jupiter, passed within 3.7’ of a line-of-sight to a distant quasar. We develop a general relativistic framework which shows that our measurement of the retarded position of a moving light-ray deflecting body (Jupiter) by making use of the gravitational time delay of quasar’s radio wave is equivalent to comparison of the relativistic laws of the (...)
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  4.  18
    The blank trials law: The equivalence of positive reinforcement and nonreinforcement.M. Levine Leitenberg & M. Richter - 1964 - Psychological Review 71 (2):94-103.
  5. Reduction with autonomy.Louise M. Antony & Joseph Levine - 1997 - Philosophical Perspectives 11:83-105.
  6. Not so exceptional : away from Chomskian saltationism and towards a naturally gradual account of mindfulness.Andrew M. Winters & Alex Levine - 2012 - In Liz Stillwaggon Swan (ed.), Origins of mind. New York: Springer.
    It is argued that a chief obstacle to a naturalistic explanation of the origins of mind is human exceptionalism, as exemplified in the 17th century by Descartes, and in the 20th century by Noam Chomsky. As an antidote to human exceptionalism we turn to the account of aesthetic judgment in Darwin’s Descent of Man, according to which the mental capacities of humans differ from those of lower animals only in degree, not in kind. Thoroughgoing naturalistic explanation of these capacities is (...)
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  7. The nomic and the robust.Louise M. Antony & Joseph Levine - 1991 - In Barry M. Loewer (ed.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics. Cambridge: Blackwell.
  8.  94
    Reduction with Autonomy.Louise M. Antony & Joseph Levine - 1997 - Noûs 31 (S11):83-105.
  9.  16
    Sexual Orientation and Human Rights.Laurence M. Thomas & Michael E. Levin - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    What rights govern heterosexual and homosexual behaviors? Two distinguished philosophers debate this important issue in Sexual Orientation and Human Rights. Laurence M. Thomas argues that a society which has the constitutional resources to protect hate groups can protect homosexuals without valorizing the homosexual life-style. He defends the view that the Bible cannot warrant the venom that, in the name of religion, is often expressed against homosexuals. Michael E. Levin defends the unorthodox view that the aversion some people experience toward (...)
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  10.  25
    Lay Theories About Whether Emotion Helps or Hinders: Assessment and Effects on Emotional Acceptance and Recovery From Distress.Melissa M. Karnaze & Linda J. Levine - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    This investigation examined how people’s beliefs about the functionality of emotion shape their emotional response and regulatory strategies when encountering distressing events. In Study 1, we present data supporting the reliability and validity of an 8-item instrument, the Help and Hinder Theories about Emotion Measure (HHTEM), designed to assess an individual’s beliefs about the functionality of emotion. Participants who more strongly endorsed a Help Theory reported greater wellbeing, emotional acceptance, and use of reappraisal to regulate emotion. Participants who more strongly (...)
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  11.  23
    Navigating Bioethical Waters: Two Pilot Projects in Problem-Based Learning for Future Bioscience and Biotechnology Professionals.Roberta M. Berry, Aaron D. Levine, Robert Kirkman, Laura Palucki Blake & Matthew Drake - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1649-1667.
    We believe that the professional responsibility of bioscience and biotechnology professionals includes a social responsibility to contribute to the resolution of ethically fraught policy problems generated by their work. It follows that educators have a professional responsibility to prepare future professionals to discharge this responsibility. This essay discusses two pilot projects in ethics pedagogy focused on particularly challenging policy problems, which we call “fractious problems”. The projects aimed to advance future professionals’ acquisition of “fractious problem navigational” skills, a set of (...)
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  12.  44
    Data versus Spock: lay theories about whether emotion helps or hinders.Melissa M. Karnaze & Linda J. Levine - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):549-565.
    The android Data from Star Trek admired human emotion whereas Spock viewed emotion as irrational and maladaptive. The theory that emotions fulfil adaptive functions is widely accepted in academic psychology but little is known about laypeople’s theories. The present study assessed the extent to which laypeople share Data’s view of emotion as helpful or Spock’s view of emotion as a hindrance. We also assessed how help and hinder theory endorsement were related to reasoning, emotion regulation, and well-being. Undergraduates completed a (...)
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  13.  10
    More on Making Consent Forms More Readable.T. M. Grundner, Robert J. Levine & Alan Meisel - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (1):8.
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  14.  35
    Not So Exceptional: Away from Chomskian Saltationism and Towards a Naturally Gradual Account of Mindfulness.Andrew M. Winters & Alex Levine - 2012 - In Liz Stillwaggon Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. New York: Springer Verlag. pp. 289--299.
    It is argued that a chief obstacle to a naturalistic explanation of the origins of mind is human exceptionalism, as exempli fi ed in the seventeenth century by René Descartes and in the twentieth century by Noam Chomsky. As an antidote to human exceptionalism, we turn to the account of aesthetic judgment in Charles Darwin’s Descent of Man , according to which the mental capacities of humans differ from those of lower animals only in degree, and not in kind. Thoroughgoing (...)
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  15.  26
    Embeddings of Computable Structures.Asher M. Kach, Oscar Levin & Reed Solomon - 2010 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (1):55-68.
    We study what the existence of a classical embedding between computable structures implies about the existence of computable embeddings. In particular, we consider the effect of fixing and varying the computable presentations of the computable structures.
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  16.  10
    Magic and Myth of the MoviesThe Film Sense.Milton S. Fox, Parker Tyler, Sergei M. Eisenstein & Jay Leyda - 1950 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 8 (3):203.
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  17. Risk Disclosure and the Recruitment of Oocyte Donors: Are Advertisers Telling the Full Story?Hillary B. Alberta, Roberta M. Berry & Aaron D. Levine - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):232-243.
    This study analyzes 435 oocyte donor recruitment advertisements to assess whether entities recruiting donors of oocytes to be used for in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures include a disclosure of risks associated with the donation process in their advertisements. Such disclosure is required by the self-regulatory guidelines of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and by law in California for advertisements placed in the state. We find very low rates of risk disclosure across entity types and regulatory regimes, although risk (...)
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  18.  21
    Precarious maintenance of simple DNA repeats in eukaryotes.Alexander J. Neil, Jane C. Kim & Sergei M. Mirkin - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (9):1700077.
    In this review, we discuss how two evolutionarily conserved pathways at the interface of DNA replication and repair, template switching and break-induced replication, lead to the deleterious large-scale expansion of trinucleotide DNA repeats that cause numerous hereditary diseases. We highlight that these pathways, which originated in prokaryotes, may be subsequently hijacked to maintain long DNA microsatellites in eukaryotes. We suggest that the negative mutagenic outcomes of these pathways, exemplified by repeat expansion diseases, are likely outweighed by their positive role in (...)
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  19.  35
    Risk Disclosure and the Recruitment of Oocyte Donors: Are Advertisers Telling the Full Story?Hillary B. Alberta, Roberta M. Berry & Aaron D. Levine - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):232-243.
    In vitro fertilization using donated oocytes has proven to be an effective treatment option for many prospective parents struggling with infertility, and the usage of donated oocytes in assisted reproduction has increased markedly since the technique was first successfully used in 1984. Data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on the use of assisted reproductive technologies in the United States indicate that approximately 12% of all ART cycles in the country now use donated oocytes. The increased use (...)
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  20.  20
    Pushing The Boundaries of The Quarantine Model: Philosophical Concerns and Policy Implications.Mirko Farina, Andrea Lavazza & Sergei Levin - 2023 - Diametros 21 (79):146-162.
    The quarantine model, recently proposed by Pereboom and Caruso, is one of the most influential models developed to date in the context of criminal justice. The quarantine model challenges the very idea of criminal punishment and asserts that nobody deserves punishment on a fundamental level. Instead, in order to deal with offenders, it proposes a series of incapacitation measures based on public safety concerns. In this article, we examine several objections to the quarantine model that demonstrate how, in our view, (...)
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  21.  40
    Dealing with Criminal Behavior: the Inaccuracy of the Quarantine Analogy.Sergei Levin, Mirko Farina & Andrea Lavazza - 2021 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 17 (1):135-154.
    Pereboom and Caruso propose the quarantine model as an alternative to existing models of criminal justice. They appeal to the established public health practice of quarantining people, which is believed to be effective and morally justified, to explain why -in criminal justice- it is also morally acceptable to detain wrongdoers, without assuming the existence of a retrospective moral responsibility. Wrongdoers in their model are treated as carriers of dangerous diseases and as such should be preventively detained (or rehabilitated) until they (...)
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  22. The moral duty to reduce the risk of child sexual abuse.Sergei Levin - 2019 - Human Affairs 29 (2):188-198.
    A paedophile is a person with a sexual attraction to children; some paedophiles commit child sex abuse offences. For such acts, they hold moral and legal responsibility, which presupposes that paedophiles are moral agents who can distinguish right from wrong and are capable of self-control. Like any other moral agents, paedophiles have moral duties. Some moral duties are universal, e.g., the duty not to steal. Whether there are any specific moral duties related to paedophilia is the topic of this paper. (...)
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  23. Fundamentals of Sensation and Perception.Michael W. Levine & Jeremy M. Shefner - 1991 - Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
    Intended for courses in sensation and perception, this book covers the anatomy, physiology and phenomenology of the way humans sense and perceive the world. It is grounded in physiology to explain perceptual phenomena, on the theory that understanding sensation and perception is based in the physiology of the sensory organs and the brain.
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  24. Sellars' critical direct realism.Steven M. Levine - 2007 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (1):53 – 76.
    In this paper, I attempt to demonstrate the structure of Sellars' critical direct realism in the philosophy of perception. This position is original because it attempts to balance two claims that many have thought to be incompatible: (1) that perceptual knowledge is direct, i.e., not inferential, and (2) that perceptual knowledge is irreducibly conceptual. Even though perceptual episodes are not the result of inferences, they must still stand within the space of reasons if they are to be counted not only (...)
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  25. Quine on Analyticity in L.M. E. Levin - 1975 - Mind 84:114.
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  26.  62
    The place of picturing in Sellars' synoptic vision.Steven M. Levine - 2007 - Philosophical Forum 38 (3):247–269.
  27. Perceptual consequences of binocular matching by correlation: Effects of disparity waveform and waveform orientation.Sergei Gepshtein, H. F. Rose, M. S. Banks & M. S. Landy - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview Pub. Co. pp. 39-39.
  28.  67
    Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research.Robert J. Levine, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller, John L. Young & Judith B. Gordon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):24-30.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. ?Social context? refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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  29.  27
    Giambattista Vico and the Quarrel between the Ancients and the Moderns.Joseph M. Levine - 1991 - Journal of the History of Ideas 52 (1):55.
  30. The Universalizability of Moral Judgments Revisited.M. E. Levin - 1979 - Mind 88:115.
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  31.  18
    The Intelligible World and the Practical Standpoint.Steven M. Levine - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):137-146.
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  32.  42
    The Quarantine Model and its Limits.Andrea Lavazza, Sergei Levin & Mirko Farina - 2023 - Philosophia 51 (5):2417-2438.
    There are several well-established theories of criminal punishment and of its justification. The quarantine model (advocated by Pereboom and Caruso) has recently emerged as one of the most prominent theories in the field, by denying the very idea of criminal justice. This theory claims that no one ought to be criminally punished because fundamentally people do not deserve any kind of punishment. On these grounds, the quarantine model proposes forms of incapacitation based on public safety considerations. In this article, we (...)
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  33. Improving access to health care: A consensus ethical framework to guide proposals for reform.Mark A. Levine, Matthew K. Wynia, Paul M. Schyve, J. Russell Teagarden, David A. Fleming, Sharon King Donohue, Ron J. Anderson, James Sabin & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (5):14-19.
  34.  44
    The autonomy of history: truth and method from Erasmus to Gibbon.Joseph M. Levine - 1999 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In these learned essays, Joseph M. Levine shows how the idea and method of modern history first began to develop during the Renaissance, when a clear distinction between history and fiction was first proposed. The new claims for history were met by a new skepticism in a debate that still echoes today. Levine's first three essays discuss Thomas More's preoccupation with the distinction between history and fiction Erasmus's biblical criticism and the contribution of Renaissance philology to critical method and the (...)
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  35.  13
    Expanding the Role of Physicians in Drug Abuse Treatment: Problems, Perspectives.Carol Levine & D. M. Novick - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (2):152-156.
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  36. Signal and variability in spike trains.M. W. Levine - 1994 - In Karl H. Pribram (ed.), Origins: Brain and Self Organization. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 286--298.
  37.  15
    Visual information processing of numerical inputs.D. M. Levine, S. Wachspress, P. McGuire & M. S. Mayzner - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (6):404-406.
  38. Kant's Derivation of the Formula of Universal Law as an Ontological Argument.M. E. Levin - 1974 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 65 (1):50.
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  39.  26
    Remembering past emotions: The role of current appraisals.Linda J. Levine, Vincent Prohaska, Stewart L. Burgess, John A. Rice & Tracy M. Laulhere - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (4):393-417.
  40. Matter of Fact in the English Revolution.Joseph M. Levine - 2003 - Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (2):317-335.
    In the religious controversies of the English Revolution (1640-60), one problem became particularly urgent. How far were the Scriptures to be accepted as a faithful record of history? Much ink was spilled over the theoretical and practical problems of evidence and testimony and there swiftly developed an increasing self-consciousness and sophistication about the meaning of "matter of fact." This paper describes the response to skeptics and dogmatists of such moderate divines as Henry Hammond, Seth Ward, Richard Baxter, and Brian Walton, (...)
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  41.  23
    Erasmus and the Problem of the Johannine Comma.Joseph M. Levine - 1997 - Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (4):573-596.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Erasmus and the Problem of the Johannine CommaJoseph M. LevineWhen Edward Gibbon decided to banish primary causes from the Decline and Fall and integrate secular and ecclesiastical history, he was completing a revolution that had begun unwittingly two centuries before. 1 To bring into his narrative of empire a consideration of the “Johannine comma” (the interpolation in 1 John 5:7–8) was not perhaps either digressive or inevitable; but it (...)
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  42.  42
    Lawyers in practice: ethical decision making in context.Leslie C. Levin & Lynn M. Mather (eds.) - 2012 - London: University of Chicago Press.
    Timely and practical, this book should be required reading for law students as well as students and scholars of law and society.
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  43.  15
    Descartes' proof that he is not his body.M. E. Levin - 1973 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 51 (2):115-123.
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  44. Intellectual History as History.Joseph M. Levine - 2005 - Journal of the History of Ideas 66 (2):189-200.
    The history of ideas is an interdisciplinary field that began as an offshoot of the history of philosophy and was transformed by notions of perspective and cultural context drawn from the tradition of historical studies. The result is the practice of intellectual history, which has been carried out between the poles of inquiry commonly known as internalist and externalist, corresponding to mental phenomena and collective behavior in cultural surroundings. These are not opposed but rather complementary methods, and intellectual history may (...)
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  45.  12
    A combined study of surface roughness in polycrystalline aluminium during uniaxial deformation using laser-induced photoemission and confocal microscopy.M. Cai, M. R. Stoudt, L. E. Levine & J. T. Dickinson - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (6):907-924.
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  46.  15
    Working Alongside Gordon Graham: An unforgettable journey from aspiration to understanding.Charles M. Levine - 2015 - Logos 26 (2):15-20.
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  47. Predicting discoveries and the rule-description argument.M. E. Levin - 1974 - Logique Et Analyse 17 (67):481.
     
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  48.  13
    Remembering facts versus feelings in the wake of political events.Linda J. Levine, Gillian Murphy, Heather C. Lench, Ciara M. Greene, Elizabeth F. Loftus, Carla Tinti, Susanna Schmidt, Barbara Muzzulini, Rebecca Hofstein Grady, Shauna M. Stark & Craig E. L. Stark - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-20.
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  49.  39
    Response to Iain Morrison’s "The Intelligible World and the Practical Standpoint".Steven M. Levine - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (2):37-40.
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  50.  17
    Dilemmas of Plant Closing Policy in Liberal Society: Equality, Rights, Justice.Oren M. Levin-Waldman - 1990 - Public Affairs Quarterly 4 (1):33-53.
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