Results for 'Sebastian Vith'

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  1.  21
    Envisioning the ‘Sharing City’: Governance Strategies for the Sharing Economy.Sebastian Vith, Achim Oberg, Markus A. Höllerer & Renate E. Meyer - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (4):1023-1046.
    Recent developments around the sharing economy bring to the fore questions of governability and broader societal benefit—and subsequently the need to explore effective means of public governance, from nurturing, on the one hand, to restriction, on the other. As sharing is a predominately urban phenomenon in modern societies, cities around the globe have become both locus of action and central actor in the debates over the nature and organization of the sharing economy. However, cities vary substantially in the interpretation of (...)
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  2.  8
    Envisioning the ‘Sharing City’: Governance Strategies for the Sharing Economy.Renate Meyer, Markus Höllerer, Achim Oberg & Sebastian Vith - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (4):1023-1046.
    Recent developments around the sharing economy bring to the fore questions of governability and broader societal benefit—and subsequently the need to explore effective means of public governance, from nurturing, on the one hand, to restriction, on the other. As sharing is a predominately urban phenomenon in modern societies, cities around the globe have become both locus of action and central actor in the debates over the nature and organization of the sharing economy. However, cities vary substantially in the interpretation of (...)
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  3.  17
    Sebastian Franck: Paradoxa.Sebastian Franck - 1995 - De Gruyter.
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  4.  50
    I—Sebastian Gardner: German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):211-228.
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  5.  16
    Sebastian Rand Review of John MacCumber, Time in the Ditch : American Philosophy and the McCarthy Era Northwestern, University Press, 2001, 213 P. [REVIEW]Sebastian Rand - unknown
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  6.  31
    From Kant to Post-Kantian Idealism: German Idealism: Sebastian Gardner.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):211-228.
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  7.  6
    Book Reviews: Lorraine Daston and Elizabeth Lunbeck (Eds), Histories of Scientific Observation_, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2011 (Sebastian Mateiescu) Robert Goulding, _Defending Hypatia: Ramus, Savile, and the Renaissance Rediscovery of Mathematical History_, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London and New York: Springer, 2010 (Iovan Drehe) Tudor Dinu, _Dimitrie Cantemir Ş Nicolae Mavrocordat. Rivalităţi Politice Şi Literare la Începutul Secolului XVIII_, [_Démétrius Cantemir Et Nicolas Mavrocordatos. Rivalités Politiques Et Littéraires au Début du XVIIIe Siècle_] Bucureşti, Humanitas, 2011 (Ovidiu Olar); Book Received: G. W. Leibniz, _Discourse on Metaphysics and Other Writings, Edited by Peter Loptson, Translated by Robert Latta and George R. Montgomery, with Revisions by Peter Loptson, Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Editions, 2012 (Sorin Costreie). [REVIEW]Sebastian Mateiescu, Iovan Drehe & Ovidiu Olar - 2013 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 2 (1):165-190.
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  8.  21
    Structuring Mind. The Nature of Attention and How It Shapes Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2017 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    What is attention? How does attention shape consciousness? In an approach that engages with foundational topics in the philosophy of mind, the theory of action, psychology, and the neurosciences this book provides a unified and comprehensive answer to both questions. Sebastian Watzl shows that attention is a central structural feature of the mind. The first half of the book provides an account of the nature of attention. Attention is prioritizing, it consists in regulating priority structures. Attention is not another (...)
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  9.  40
    Menschenrechte, Weltgesundheit und unsere Verantwortung: Thomas Pogge (Yale) im Gespräch mit Sebastian Laukötter (Münster)(Aktuelles).Thomas Pogge & Sebastian Laukötter - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (2):157-163.
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  10.  28
    Kann die Geschichte der DDR heute schon geschrieben werden?: Rundfunkvortrag von Kurt Nowak, gesendet von Deutschland-Radio Berlin am 11.8.2001 Mit einer Einleitung hg. von Sebastian Kranich.Sebastian Kranich - 2012 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 19 (2):293-308.
    This edition contains the last radio essay of the church-historian Kurt Nowak. It has the title: “Is it able, to write the history of the GDR yet?” The introduction takes up this question in the context of his reflections about the former GDR in other texts.
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  11.  2
    Space of Culture: Towards a Neo Kantian Philosophy Culture.Sebastian Luft - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Sebastian Luft presents and defends the philosophy of culture championed by the Marburg School of Neo-Kantianism. Following a historical trajectory from Hermann Cohen to Paul Natorp and through to Ernst Cassirer, this book makes a systematic case for the viability and attractiveness of a philosophical culture in a transcendental vein, in the manner in which the Marburgers intended to broaden Kant's approach.
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  12.  58
    Artificial Intelligence, Social Media and Depression. A New Concept of Health-Related Digital Autonomy.Sebastian Laacke, Regina Mueller, Georg Schomerus & Sabine Salloch - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):4-20.
    The development of artificial intelligence in medicine raises fundamental ethical issues. As one example, AI systems in the field of mental health successfully detect signs of mental disorders...
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  13. The Ethics of Attention: An Argument and a Framework.Sebastian Watzl - forthcoming - In Sophie Alice Archer (ed.), Salience: A Philosophical Inquiry. Routledge.
    This paper argues for the normative significance of attention. Attention plays an important role when describing an individual’s mind and agency, and in explaining many central facts about that individual. In addition, many in the public want answers and guidance with regard to normative questions about attention. Given that attention is both descriptively central and the public cares about normative guidance with regard to it, attention should be central also in normative philosophy. We need an ethics of attention: a field (...)
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  14. On Believing Indirectly for Practical Reasons.Sebastian Schmidt - 2021 - Philosophical Studies (6):1-25.
    It is often argued that there are no practical reasons for belief because we could not believe for such reasons. A recent reply by pragmatists is that we can often believe for practical reasons because we can often cause our beliefs for practical reasons. This paper reveals the limits of this recently popular strategy for defending pragmatism, and thereby reshapes the dialectical options for pragmatism. I argue that the strategy presupposes that reasons for being in non-intentional states are not reducible (...)
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  15.  7
    Kant and the Interests of Reason.Sebastian Raedler - 2015 - De Gruyter.
    This book argues that we can only develop a proper grasp of Kant s practical philosophy if we appreciate the central role played in it by the notion of the interests of reason. While it is generally acknowledged that Kant does not regard reason as a purely instrumental faculty, this book is the first to show how his notion of reason as guided by its own interests offers the key to some of the most puzzling aspects of his practical philosophy.".
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  16.  25
    The Value of Rationality. [REVIEW]Sebastian Schmidt - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 73 (1):153-157.
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  17. Attention as Structuring of the Stream of Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - In Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies & Wayne Wu (eds.), Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 145.
    This paper defends and develops the structuring account of conscious attention: attention is the conscious mental process of structuring one’s stream of consciousness so that some parts of it are more central than others. In the first part of the paper, I motivate the structuring account. Drawing on a variety of resources I argue that the phenomenology of attention cannot be fully captured in terms of how the world appears to the subject, as well as against an atomistic conception of (...)
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  18. Epistemic Blame and the Normativity of Evidence.Sebastian Schmidt - 2021 - Erkenntnis:1-24.
    The normative force of evidence can seem puzzling. It seems that having conclusive evidence for a proposition does not, by itself, make it true that one ought to believe the proposition. But spelling out the condition that evidence must meet in order to provide us with genuine normative reasons for belief seems to lead us into a dilemma: the condition either fails to explain the normative significance of epistemic reasons or it renders the content of epistemic norms practical. The first (...)
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  19.  5
    Kommentar Zu Nietzsches "Morgenröthe", "Idyllen Aus Messina".Sebastian Kaufmann & Jochen Schmidt - 2015 - De Gruyter.
    This volume includes the commentaries on two works from the third volume of the Critical Studies Edition of Nietzsche s Works Morgenrothe, and Idyllen aus Messina. Volume 3.2 will be devoted to commentary on The Gay Science. This volume includes the manuscript facsimiles of the Idyllen aus Messina.".
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  20.  2
    On Believing Indirectly for Practical Reasons.Sebastian Schmidt - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 179 (6):1795-1819.
    It is often argued that there are no practical reasons for belief because we could not believe for such reasons. A recent reply by pragmatists is that we can often believe for practical reasons because we can often cause our beliefs for practical reasons. This paper reveals the limits of this recently popular strategy for defending pragmatism, and thereby reshapes the dialectical options for pragmatism. I argue that the strategy presupposes that reasons for being in non-intentional states are not reducible (...)
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  21. The Nature of Attention.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):842-853.
    What is attention? Attention is often seen as a subject matter for the hard sciences of cognitive and brain processes, and is understood in terms of sub-personal mechanisms and processes. Correspondingly, there still is a stark contrast between the central role attention plays for the empirical investigation of the mind in psychology and the neurosciences, and its relative neglect in philosophy. Yet, over the past years, several philosophers have challenged the standard conception. A number of interesting philosophical questions concerning the (...)
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  22. Irrationality and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Sebastian Gardner - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a reconstruction of the theories of Freud and Klein, Sebastian Gardner asks: what causes irrationality, what must the mind be like for it to be irrational, to what extent does irrationality involve self-awareness, and what is the point of irrationality? Arguing that psychoanalytic theory provides the most penetrating answers to these questions, he rejects the widespread view of the unconscious as a 'second mind', in favour of a view of it as a source of inherently irrational desires seeking (...)
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  23.  88
    Polarity in Natural Language: Predication, Quantification and Negation in Particular and Characterizing Sentences.Sebastian Löbner - 2000 - Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (3):213-308.
    The present paper is an attempt at the investigation of the nature of polarity contrast in natural languages. Truth conditions for natural language sentences are incomplete unless they include a proper definition of the conditions under which they are false. It is argued that the tertium non datur principle of classical bivalent logical systems is empirically invalid for natural languages: falsity cannot be equated with non-truth. Lacking a direct intuition about the conditions under which a sentence is false, we need (...)
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  24.  3
    The Vith Inter-American Specialized Conference on Private International Law : A New Step Towards Interamerican Legal Integration.Paul Volken & Petar Sarcevic - 2009 - In Paul Volken & Petar Sarcevic (eds.), Yearbook of Private International Law: Volume Iv. Sellier de Gruyter.
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  25. Categories of the Temporal: An Inquiry Into the Forms of the Finite Understanding.Sebastian Rödl - 2012 - Harvard University Press.
    The publication of Frege’s Begriffsschrift in 1879 forever altered the landscape for many Western philosophers. Here, Sebastian Rödl traces how the Fregean influence, written all over the development and present state of analytic philosophy, led into an unholy alliance of an empiricist conception of sensibility with an inferentialist conception of thought. -/- According to Rödl, Wittgenstein responded to the implosion of Frege’s principle that the nature of thought consists in its inferential order, but his Philosophical Investigations shied away from (...)
     
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  26. The Philosophical Significance of Attention.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (10):722-733.
    What is the philosophical significance of attention? The present article provides an overview of recent debates surrounding the connections between attention and other topics of philosophical interest. In particular, it discusses the interplay between attention and consciousness, attention and agency, and attention and reference. The article outlines the questions and contemporary positions concerning how attention shapes the phenomenal character of experience, whether it is necessary or sufficient for consciousness, and whether it plays a special role in the best philosophical theories (...)
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  27.  62
    Definites.Sebastian Löbner - 1985 - Journal of Semantics 4 (4):279-326.
    The paper develops a uniform analysis of the definite article in its various uses and of definite NPs in general. Starting from the observation that singular and plural mass and count definites all refer to single, though possibly complex objects (Ch. 1), it is argued that the logical role of definites is that of individual expressions (terms). To treat definites as quantifiers is logically inadequate, but (referential) quantification involves definite reference to the domain of quantification (Ch. 2). In Ch. 3 (...)
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  28.  24
    Methodological Reflections on the Contribution of Qualitative Research to the Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Support Services.Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):237-245.
    This article describes a process of developing, implementing and evaluating a clinical ethics support service intervention with the goal of building up a context-sensitive structure of minimal clinical-ethics in an oncology department without prior clinical ethics structure. Scholars from different disciplines have called for an improvement in the evaluation of clinical ethics support services for different reasons over several decades. However, while a lot has been said about the concepts and methodological challenges of evaluating CESS up to the present time, (...)
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  29. Wojciech Sady: The Structure of the Relativity and Quantum Revolution in Physics (Struktura Rewolucji Relatywistycznej I Kwantowej W Fizyce): Universitas: Kraków, 2020, 238 Pp., 42 PLN/10 EUR (Paperback), ISBN: 9788324264971. [REVIEW]Sebastian Kozera, Marcin Gileta & Andrzej Łukasik - 2022 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 53 (2):223-229.
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  30.  43
    Space of Culture: Towards a Neo Kantian Philosophy Culture.Sebastian Luft - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Sebastian Luft explores the philosophy of culture championed by the Marburg School of Neo-Kantianism. Following a historical trajectory from Hermann Cohen to Paul Natorp and through to Ernst Cassirer, he defends the attractiveness of a philosophical culture in the transcendental vein.
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  31. The Significance of Attention.Sebastian Watzl - 2010 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    This dissertation investigates the nature, the phenomenal character and the philosophical significance of attention. According to its central thesis, attention is the ongoing mental activity of structuring the stream of consciousness or phenomenal field. The dissertation connects the scientific study of attention in psychology and the neurosciences with central discussions in the philosophy of mind. Once we get clear on the nature and the phenomenal character of attention, we can make progress toward understanding foundational issues concerning the nature and the (...)
     
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  32.  8
    Leibniz’ Metaphysik der Modalität.Sebastian Bender - 2016 - Berlin & Boston: De Gruyter.
    Im Alltag äußern wir nicht nur Aussagen darüber, wie die Welt tatsächlich beschaffen ist, sondern auch darüber, was notwendigerweise oder möglicherweise der Fall ist. Doch worin ist die Wahrheit solcher sogenannten Modalaussagen fundiert? Auf diese Frage gibt Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz bereits in der Frühen Neuzeit eine höchst interessante Antwort: Für ihn sind modale Wahrheiten im Intellekt Gottes fundiert. Diese Modalitätskonzeption analysiert Sebastian Bender in der vorliegenden Studie auf systematisch informierte Weise. Dabei kommt er zu folgenden Ergebnissen: Erstens vertritt Leibniz, (...)
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  33. Silencing the Experience of Change.Sebastian Watzl - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (3):1009-1032.
    Perceptual illusions have often served as an important tool in the study of perceptual experience. In this paper I argue that a recently discovered set of visual illusions sheds new light on the nature of time consciousness. I suggest the study of these silencing illusions as a tool kit for any philosopher interested in the experience of time and show how to better understand time consciousness by combining detailed empirical investigations with a detailed philosophical analysis. In addition, and more specifically, (...)
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  34.  46
    A New Application of the Modal-Hamiltonian Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: The Problem of Optical Isomerism.Sebastian Fortin, Olimpia Lombardi & Juan Camilo Martínez González - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:123-135.
    The modal-Hamiltonian interpretation belongs to the modal family of interpretations of quantum mechanics. By endowing the Hamiltonian with the role of selecting the subset of the definite-valued observables of the system, it accounts for ideal and non-ideal measurements, and also supplies a criterion to distinguish between reliable and non-reliable measurements in the non-ideal case. It can be reformulated in an explicitly invariant form, in terms of the Casimir operators of the Galilean group, and the compatibility of the MHI with the (...)
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  35.  42
    Germanschon - Erst - Noch: An Integrated Analysis. [REVIEW]Sebastian Löbner - 1989 - Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (2):167 - 212.
  36.  84
    Isomerism and Decoherence.Sebastian Fortin, Olimpia Lombardi & Juan Camilo Martínez González - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):225-240.
    In the present paper we address the problem of optical isomerism embodied in the socalled “Hund’s paradox”, which points to the difficulty to account for chirality by means of quantum mechanics. In particular, we explain the answer to the problem proposed by the theory of decoherence. The purpose of this article is to challenge this answer on the basis of a conceptual analysis of the phenomenon of decoherence, that reveals the limitations of the theory of decoherence to solve the difficulties (...)
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  37. Can Representationism Explain How Attention Affects Appearances?Sebastian Watzl - 2019 - In Adam Pautz & Daniel Stoljar (eds.), Blockheads! Essays on Ned Block’s Philosophy of Mind and Consciousness. Boston, USA: The MIT Press. pp. 481-607.
    Recent psychological research shows that attention affects appearances. An “attended item looks bigger, faster, earlier, more saturated, stripier.” (Block 2010, p. 41). What is the significance of these findings? Ned Block has argued that they undermine representationism, roughly the view that the phenomenal character of perception is determined by its representational content. My first goal in this paper is to show that Block’s argument has the structure of a Problem of Arbitrary Phenomenal Variation and that it improves on other instances (...)
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  38.  14
    Causal Factors Implicated in Research Misconduct: Evidence From ORI Case Files.Sebastian R. Diaz, Michelle Riske-Morris & Mark S. Davis - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):297-298.
    The online version of the original article can be found under doi:10.1007/s11948-007-9045-2.
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  39.  11
    “I Don’T Want to Do Anything Bad.” Perspectives on Scientific Responsibility: Results From a Qualitative Interview Study with Senior Scientists.Sebastian Wäscher, Nikola Biller-Andorno & Anna Deplazes-Zemp - 2020 - NanoEthics 14 (2):135-153.
    This paper presents scientists’ understanding of their roles in society and corresponding responsibilities. It discusses the researchers’ perspective against the background of the contemporary literature on scientific responsibility in the social sciences and philosophy and proposes a heuristic that improves the understanding of the complexity of scientific responsibility. The study is based on qualitative interviews with senior scientists. The presented results show what researchers themselves see as their responsibilities, how they assume them, and what challenges they perceive with respect to (...)
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  40.  32
    Do Publics Share Experts’ Concerns About Brain–Computer Interfaces? A Trinational Survey on the Ethics of Neural Technology.Matthew Sample, Sebastian Sattler, David Rodriguez-Arias, Stefanie Blain-Moraes & Eric Racine - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 2019 (6):1242-1270.
    Since the 1960s, scientists, engineers, and healthcare professionals have developed brain–computer interface (BCI) technologies, connecting the user’s brain activity to communication or motor devices. This new technology has also captured the imagination of publics, industry, and ethicists. Academic ethics has highlighted the ethical challenges of BCIs, although these conclusions often rely on speculative or conceptual methods rather than empirical evidence or public engagement. From a social science or empirical ethics perspective, this tendency could be considered problematic and even technocratic because (...)
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  41.  19
    The Relationship Between Informal Controls, Ethical Work Climates, and Organizational Performance.Sebastian Goebel & Barbara E. Weißenberger - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (3):505-528.
    Due to the frequent occurrence of ethical transgressions and unethical employee behaviors, there has lately been an increasing interest in the ethical foundations of contemporary organizations. However, large-scale comprehensive analyses of organizational ethics are still comparatively limited. Our study contributes to both management control and business ethics literature by empirically examining potential antecedents as well as resulting effects of ethical work climates on organizational-level outcomes. Based on a cross-sectional survey among 295 large- and medium-sized companies, we find that more informal (...)
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  42.  35
    Nietzsche and the Machines.Sebastian Sunday Grève - 2021 - The Philosophers' Magazine 93:12-15.
    Sebastian Sunday Grève calls on us to decide what kind of life with machines we want.
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  43. Extended High Frequency Hearing, but Not Tinnitus, Is Associated With Every-Day Cognitive Performance.Sebastian Waechter, Wayne J. Wilson, Måns Magnusson & K. Jonas Brännström - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Research into the potential associations between tinnitus and cognition has investigated specific cognitive domains in laboratory settings despite adults with tinnitus reporting broad cognitive difficulties in every-day life. To address this limitation, the present study compared performance and perceived exertion on a visual office-like task in 38 adults with tinnitus and 38 adults without tinnitus matched for age, sex and educational background. All participants were also assessed for hearing, anxiety and depression, and participants with tinnitus were also assessed for tinnitus (...)
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  44.  5
    Role of the Hypothalamus in the Regulation of Food and Water Intake.Sebastian P. Grossman - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (3):200-224.
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  45.  7
    A Framework for the Ethical Assessment of Chimeric Animal Research Involving Human Neural Tissue.Sebastian Porsdam Mann, Rosa Sun & Göran Hermerén - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):10.
    Animal models of human diseases are often used in biomedical research in place of human subjects. However, results obtained by animal models may fail to hold true for humans. One way of addressing this problem is to make animal models more similar to humans by placing human tissue into animal models, rendering them chimeric. Since technical and ethical limitations make neurological disorders difficult to study in humans, chimeric models with human neural tissue could help advance our understanding of neuropathophysiology. In (...)
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  46.  53
    Attentional Organization and the Unity of Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (7-8):56-87.
    Could the organization of consciousness be the key to understanding its unity? This paper considers how the attentional organization of consciousness into centre and periphery bears on the phenomenal unity of consciousness. Two ideas are discussed: according to the first, the attentional organization of consciousness shows that phenomenal holism is true. I argue that the argument from attentional organization to phenomenal holism remains inconclusive. According to the second idea, attentional organization provides a principle of unity for conscious experience, i.e. it (...)
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  47. Is Attention a Non-Propositional Attitude?Sebastian Watzl - 2018 - In Alex Grzankowski & Michelle Montague (eds.), Non-Propositional Intentionality. Oxford University Press. pp. 272-302.
    I argue first that attention is a (maybe the) paradigmatic case of an object-directed, non-propositional intentional mental episode. In addition attention cannot be reduced to any other (propositional or non-propositional) mental episodes. Yet, second, attention is not a non-propositional mental attitude. It might appear puzzling how one could hold both of these claims. I show how to combine them, and how that combination shows how propositionality and non-propositionality can co-exist in a mental life. The crucial move is one away from (...)
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  48.  14
    Multidimensional Recurrence Quantification Analysis for the Analysis of Multidimensional Time-Series: A Software Implementation in MATLAB and Its Application to Group-Level Data in Joint Action.Sebastian Wallot, Andreas Roepstorff & Dan Mønster - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  49. Merleau-Ponty’s Transcendental Theory of Perception.Sebastian Gardner - 2015 - In Sebastian Gardner & Matthew Grist (eds.), The Transcendental Turn. Oxford University Press UK.
    This chapter argues that Merleau-Ponty’s account of perception should be understood, not as a theory of perception in the usual sense, but as belonging squarely to transcendental philosophy. Contra the interpretation of Phenomenology of Perception as essentially a work in the philosophy of psychology, and the associated naturalistic construal of his ideas, it is suggested that Merleau-Ponty must be seen in the light of the history of transcendental philosophy and that an original form of idealism lies at the heart of (...)
     
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  50.  4
    Entanglement and Indistinguishability in a Quantum Ontology of Properties.Sebastian Fortin & Olimpia Lombardi - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 91:234-243.
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