Results for 'Sean B. Gleason'

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  1.  4
    Remarkable Creatures: Epic Adventures in the Search for the Origins of Species.Sean B. Carroll - 2009 - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
    An award-wining biologist takes us on the dramatic expeditions that unearthed the history of life on our planet. Just 150 years ago,most of our world was an unexplored wilderness.Our sense of how old it was? Vague and vastly off the mark. And our sense of our own species’ history? A set of fantastic myths and fairy tales. Fossils had been known for millennia, but they were seen as the bones of dragons and other imagined creatures. In the tradition of The (...)
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  2.  29
    The Disunity of Pavlovian and Instrumental Values.Sean B. Ostlund & Bernard W. Balleine - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):456-457.
    A central theme of the unified framework for addiction advanced by Redish et al. is that there exists a common value or incentive process controlling Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning. Here we briefly review evidence from a variety of sources demonstrating that these incentive processes are in fact independent. Clearly the influence of Pavlovian predictors and goal values on choice offer distinct potential targets for pathologies of decision-making.
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  3.  6
    The Origin, Patterning and Evolution of Insect Appendages.Jim A. Williams & Sean B. Carroll - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (9):567-577.
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  4.  6
    Wax, Sex and the Origin of Species: Dual Roles of Insect Cuticular Hydrocarbons in Adaptation and Mating.Henry Chung & Sean B. Carroll - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (7):822-830.
  5.  14
    Videogame Interventions and Spatial Ability Interactions.Thomas S. Redick & Sean B. Webster - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  6.  32
    Mother Nature Kicks Back: Review of Sean B. Carroll’s 2016 The Serengeti Rules. [REVIEW]Lachlan Douglas Walmsley - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (1):133-146.
    Sean B. Carroll’s new book, The Serengeti Rules: The Quest to Discover How Life Works and Why it Matters, is a well-written mix of history of science and philosophy of biology. In his book, Carroll articulates a set of ecological generalisations, the Serengeti Rules, which are supposed to make salient the structures in ecosystems that ensure the persistence of those ecosystems. In this essay review, I evaluate Carroll’s use of the controversial concept of regulation and his thesis that ecosystems (...)
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  7.  77
    Readiness Potentials Preceding Unrestricted Spontaneous Pre-Planned Voluntary Acts.B. Libet, E. Wright & C. Gleason - 1982 - Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 54:322-325.
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  8.  56
    Does EvoDevo Equal Regulatory Evolution?: Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo and the Making of the Animal Kingdom Sean B. Carroll New York and London : Norton , 2005 (350 Pp; $25.95 Hbk; ISBN 0393060160); From DNA to Diversity: Molecular Genetics and the Evolution of Animal Design (2nd Ed.) Sean B. Carroll , Jennifer K. Grenier , Scott D. Weatherbee Malden, MA : Blackwell , 2004 (258 Pp; $49.95 Pbk; ISBN 1405119500).Manfred D. Laubichler - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):102-103.
  9.  25
    A Review of “Into the Jungle: Great Adventures in the Search of Evolution” Carroll, Sean B. San Francisco, CA. Benjamin Cummings, 2008 (XI+ 206 Pp.,£ 13.99, Paperback (Soft Cover), ISBN: 978-0-321-55671-4). [REVIEW]S. K. Basu & A. Goyal - 2010 - World Futures 66 (6):455-457.
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  10. From DNA to Diversity. Molecular Genetics and the Evolution of Animal Design By Sean B. Carroll, Jennifer K. Grenier and Scott D. Weatherbee. [REVIEW]J. S. Deutsch - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (8):757-758.
     
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  11.  30
    "Enhanced" Interrogation of Detainees: Do Psychologists and Psychiatrists Participate?Abraham L. Halpern, John H. Halpern & Sean B. Doherty - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:21-.
    After revelations of participation by psychiatrists and psychologists in interrogation of prisoners at Guantánamo Bay and Central Intelligence Agency secret detention centers, the American Psychiatric Association and the American Psychological Association adopted Position Statements absolutely prohibiting their members from participating in torture under any and all circumstances, and, to a limited degree, forbidding involvement in interrogations. Some interrogations utilize very aggressive techniques determined to be torture by many nations and organizations throughout the world. This paper explains why psychiatrists and psychologists (...)
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  12.  62
    Attitudes Toward, and Intentions to Report, Academic Cheating Among Students in Singapore.Sean K. B. See & Vivien K. G. Lim - 2001 - Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):261-274.
    In this study, we examined students' attitudes toward cheating and whether they would report instances of cheating they witnessed. Data were collected from three educational institutions in Singapore. A total of 518 students participated in the study. Findings suggest that students perceived cheating behaviors involving exam-related situations to be serious, whereas plagiarism was rated as less serious. Cheating in the form of not contributing one's fair share in a group project was also perceived as a serious form of academic misconduct, (...)
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  13.  20
    Competing Against the Unknown: The Impact of Enabling and Constraining Institutions on the Informal Economy.B. D. Mathias, Sean Lux, T. Russell Crook, Chad Autry & Russell Zaretzki - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):251-264.
    In addition to facing the known competitors in the formal economy, entrepreneurs must also be concerned with rivalry emanating from the informal economy. The informal economy is characterized by actions outside the normal scope of commerce, such as unsanctioned payments and gift-giving, as means of influencing competition. Scholars and policy makers alike have an interest in mitigating the impacts of such informal activity in that it might present an obstacle for legitimate commerce. Received theory suggests that country institutions can enable (...)
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  14.  35
    The Program and First Platform of Six Realists.Edwin B. Holt, Walter T. Marvin, W. P. Montague, Ralph Barton Perry, Walter B. Pitkin & Edward Gleason Spaulding - 1910 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 7 (15):393-401.
  15.  6
    The Influence of Fear on Risk Taking: A Meta-Analysis.Sean Wake, Jolie Wormwood & Ajay B. Satpute - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (6):1143-1159.
    A common finding in the study of emotion and decision making is the tendency for fear and anxiety to decrease risk taking. The current meta-analysis summarises the strength and variability of this...
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  16.  13
    Towards an Optimal Model for Community‐Based Diabetes Care: Design and Baseline Data From the Mayo Health System Diabetes Translation Project.Sean F. Dinneen, Susan S. Bjornsen, Sandra C. Bryant, Bruce R. Zimmerman, Colum A. Gorman, Jens B. Knudsen, Robert A. Rizza & Steven A. Smith - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (4):421-429.
  17. Introduction to the Special Issue.Sean Finnigan & Harris B. McDowell - 2009 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 29 (2):79-80.
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  18.  24
    The Composition of Sayf B. ‘Umar's Account of King Paul and His Corruption of Ancient Christianity.Sean W. Anthony - 2009 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 85 (1):164-202.
    The discovery and publication of the manuscript of the Kitāb al-ridda wal-futūḥ of the 2nd/8th century historian Sayf b. ‘Umar al-Tamīmī brought with it the potential for profound new insights into the Sayfian historical corpus as well as into the origins of Islamic historiography more generally speaking. The present study examines a new, previously unknown Sayfian narrative brought to light by this manuscript concerning the origins of Christanity and its corruption by Paul the apostle. After demonstrating how Sayf employs this (...)
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  19.  87
    From Retinotopy to Recognition: fMRI in Human Visual Cortex.Roger B. H. Tootell, Nouchine K. Hadjikhani, Janine D. Mendola, Sean Marrett & Anders M. Dale - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (5):174-183.
  20. Demonstrative Concepts and Experience.Sean Dorrance Kelly - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):397-420.
    A number of authors have argued recently that the content of perceptual experience can, and even must, be characterized in conceptual terms. Their claim, more precisely, is that every perceptual experience is such that, of necessity, its content is constituted entirely by concepts possessed by the subject having the experience. This is a surprising result. For it seems reasonable to think that a subject’s experiences could be richer and more fine-grained than his conceptual repertoire; that a subject might be able, (...)
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  21.  20
    10. Charles Bernstein Replies Charles Bernstein Replies (P. 362).Dipesh Chakrabarty, Robert B. Pippin, Ambrosio Fornet, Nancy Bentley, Sean Shesgreen, Lev Manovich & Sophia Roosth - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (2):255-269.
  22. Galilee From Alexander the Great to Hadrian, 323 B C E to 135 C E A Study of Second Temple Judaism.Seán Freyne & Jouette M. Bassler - 1980
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  23.  8
    English Constitutional Ideas in the Fifteenth Century. S. B. Chrimes.S. E. Gleason - 1937 - Speculum 12 (3):397-399.
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  24.  6
    Trusting Robocop: Gender-Based Effects on Trust of an Autonomous Robot.Darci Gallimore, Joseph B. Lyons, Thy Vo, Sean Mahoney & Kevin T. Wynne - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  25.  50
    Implicit Statistical Learning in Language Processing: Word Predictability is the Key.Christopher M. Conway, Althea Bauernschmidt, Sean S. Huang & David B. Pisoni - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):356-371.
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  26.  50
    An Ethical Decision-Making Framework for Competitor Intelligence Gathering.Terri L. Rittenburg, Sean R. Valentine & James B. Faircloth - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):235-245.
    Competitor intelligence gathering involves the aggregation of competitive information to facilitate strategic development and a competitive advantage. Unfortunately, companies are sometimes willing to carry out questionable gathering practices to collect such information. An ethical decision making framework for competitor intelligence gathering is presented in this paper that outlines the impact of several strengthening and weakening factors on individual ethical reasoning. Dialogue is provided about the management of intelligence gathering from various viewpoints, and the implications of these managerial suggestions are discussed.
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  27.  19
    Ethics Versus Outcomes: Managerial Responses to Incentive-Driven and Goal-Induced Employee Behavior.Gary M. Fleischman, Eric N. Johnson, Kenton B. Walker & Sean R. Valentine - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (4):951-967.
    Management plays an important role in reinforcing ethics in organizations. To support this aim, managers must use incentive and goal programs in ethical ways. This study examines experimentally the potential ethical costs associated with incentive-driven and goal-induced employee behavior from a managerial perspective. In a quasi-experimental setting, 243 MBA students with significant professional work experience evaluated a hypothetical employee’s ethical behavior under incentive pay systems modeled on a business case. In the role of the employee’s manager, participants evaluated the ethicality (...)
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  28.  11
    Bystander Ethics and Good Samaritanism: A Paradox for Learning Health Organizations.James E. Sabin, Noelle M. Cocoros, Crystal J. Garcia, Jennifer C. Goldsack, Kevin Haynes, Nancy D. Lin, Debbe McCall, Vinit Nair, Sean D. Pokorney, Cheryl N. McMahill-Walraven, Christopher B. Granger & Richard Platt - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (4):18-26.
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  29.  5
    The Impact of End‐of‐Course Testing in Chemistry on Curriculum and Instruction.P. Sean Smith, Paul B. Hounshell, Cynthia Copolo & Sheila Wilkerson - 1992 - Science Education 76 (5):523-530.
  30.  6
    Bystander Ethics and Good Samaritanism: A Paradox for Learning Health Organizations.James E. Sabin, Noelle M. Cocoros, Crystal J. Garcia, Jennifer C. Goldsack, Kevin Haynes, Nancy D. Lin, Debbe McCall, Vinit Nair, Sean D. Pokorney, Cheryl N. McMahill‐Walraven, Christopher B. Granger & Richard Platt - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (4):18-26.
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  31.  21
    Book Reviews Section 2.Robert Cowen, Sean D. Healy, Edgar B. Gumbert, Geoffrey M. Ibim, Fannie R. Cooley, Stuart J. Cohen, Maurice F. Freehill, Evan R. Powell, Virginia K. Wiegand, Geraldine Johncich Clifford, Charles E. Mcclelland, George C. Stone, Glenn C. Atkyns, Barbara Finkelstein, Gene P. Agre, Harrison Jr & William G. Williams - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (4):210-221.
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  32.  7
    Implicit Statistical Learning in Language Processing: Word Predictability is the Key.David B. Pisoni Christopher M. Conway, Althea Baurnschmidt, Sean Huang - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):356.
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  33. Distributing Collective Obligation.Sean Aas - 2015 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 9 (3):1-23.
    In this paper I develop an account of member obligation: the obligations that fall on the members of an obligated collective in virtue of that collective obligation. I use this account to argue that unorganized collections of individuals can constitute obligated agents. I argue first that, to know when a collective obligation entails obligations on that collective’s members, we have to know not just what it would take for each member to do their part in satisfying the collective obligation, but (...)
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  34.  14
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Bernard J. Kohlbrenner, Edgar B. Gumbert, Richard Wisniewski, Daniel Dorotich, James R. Sheffield, George W. Bilicic, Frank A. Stone, Thomas P. Gleason, Richard S. Pelczar, H. C. Sherman, Kal I. Gezi & Anand Malik - 1974 - Educational Studies 5 (1-2):52-61.
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  35. Propositional Gratitude.Sean McAleer - 2012 - American Philosophical Quarterly 49 (1):55-66.
    Philosophical writing on gratitude displays a pronounced preference for targeted gratitude (A’s being grateful to B for x) over propositional gratitude (A’s being grateful that p), treating the latter as a poor, less interesting cousin of the former, when it treats it at all. This paper challenges and attempts to rectify the relegation of propositional gratitude to second-class status. It argues that propositional gratitude is not only not reducible to targeted gratitude but indeed is more basic than it and that (...)
     
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  36. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, Xi+ 246 Pp.,£ 55.00. Believing Bullshit: How Not to Get Sucked Into an Intellectual Black Hole, Stephen Law. Amherst, MA: Prometheus Books, 2011, 271 Pp., Pb. $19.00. Idealism: The History of a Philosophy, Jeremy Dunham, Iain Hamilton Grant, Sean Watson. Durham: Acumen, 2011, X+ 334 Pp., Pb.£ 19.99. [REVIEW]Robert Pogue Harrison Gumbrecht, Michael R. Hendrickson & B. Robert - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (4):410.
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  37.  29
    Relative and Absolute Presence.Sean Enda Power - 2016 - In B. Mölder, V. Arstila & P. Øhrstrøm (eds.), Philosophy and Psychology of Time. Springer. pp. 69-100.
    Different ways of thinking about presence can have significant consequences for one's thinking about temporal experience. Temporal presence can be conceived of as either absolute or relative. Relative presence is analogous to spatial presence, whereas absolute presence is not. For each of these concepts of presence, there is a theory of time which holds that this is how presence really is. For the A-theory, temporal presence is absolute; it is a special moment in time, a time defined by events in (...)
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  38. A Philosophical Introduction to the Experience of Time.Sean Enda Power - 2009 - Neuroquantology 7 (1):16-29.
    In this introduction to contemporary conceptions of time and change, I investigate what our experience of time, that is, our experience of change, seems to be and ask whether or not we can say that how it seems could match the reality. My conclusion is that more recent contemporary conceptions of time can do this but that more intuitive or traditional conceptions cannot. Thus, the more contemporary conceptions are preferable for research into time consciousness.
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  39. History of American Political Thought.John Agresto, John E. Alvis, Donald R. Brand, Paul O. Carrese, Laurence D. Cooper, Murray Dry, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Thomas S. Engeman, Christopher Flannery, Steven Forde, David Fott, David F. Forte, Matthew J. Franck, Bryan-Paul Frost, David Foster, Peter B. Josephson, Steven Kautz, John Koritansky, Peter Augustine Lawler, Howard L. Lubert, Harvey C. Mansfield, Jonathan Marks, Sean Mattie, James McClellan, Lucas E. Morel, Peter C. Meyers, Ronald J. Pestritto, Lance Robinson, Michael J. Rosano, Ralph A. Rossum, Richard S. Ruderman, Richard Samuelson, David Lewis Schaefer, Peter Schotten, Peter W. Schramm, Kimberly C. Shankman, James R. Stoner, Natalie Taylor, Aristide Tessitore, William Thomas, Daryl McGowan Tress, David Tucker, Eduardo A. Velásquez, Karl-Friedrich Walling, Bradley C. S. Watson, Melissa S. Williams, Delba Winthrop, Jean M. Yarbrough & Michael Zuckert - 2003 - Lexington Books.
    This book is a collection of secondary essays on America's most important philosophic thinkers—statesmen, judges, writers, educators, and activists—from the colonial period to the present. Each essay is a comprehensive introduction to the thought of a noted American on the fundamental meaning of the American regime.
     
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  40.  30
    Market Fairness: The Poor Country Cousin of Market Efficiency.Michael J. Aitken, Angelo Aspris, Sean Foley & Frederick H. de B. Harris - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (1):5-23.
    Both fairness and efficiency are important considerations in market design and regulation, yet many regulators have neither defined nor measured these concepts. We develop an evidencebased policy framework in which these are both defined and measured using a series of empirical proxies. We then build a systems estimation model to examine the 2003–2011 explosive growth in algorithmic trading on the London Stock Exchange and NYSE Euronext Paris. Our results show that greater AT is associated with increased transactional efficiency and reduced (...)
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  41. The Psychophysics of Order and Anisotropy: Comment on Riemer.Sean Enda Power - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:198-204.
    Riemer’s recent paper on the perception of time discusses a neglected yet important topic in the psychological literature: the consequences for psychology (and psychophysics) from the ‘anisotropy’ of time. The paper presents an argument that there are unique kinds of challenges for psychophysics from such temporal anisotropy: (a) Challenges because the psychological experience of time has temporal anisotropy and the physical concept of time does not have temporal anisotropy. (b) Challenges for experimental research which are unique to temporal anisotropy. -/- (...)
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  42. Pure Russellianism.Sean Crawford - 2004 - Philosophical Papers 33 (2):171-202.
    Abstract According to Russellianism, the content of a Russellian thought, in which a person ascribes a monadic property to an object, can be represented as an ordered couple of the object and the property. A consequence of this is that it is not possible for a person to believe that a is F and not to believe b is F, when a=b. Many critics of Russellianism suppose that this is possible and thus that Russellianism is false. Several arguments for this (...)
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  43.  11
    Market Fairness: The Poor Country Cousin of Market Efficiency.J. Aitken Michael, Aspris Angelo, Foley Sean & B. Harris Frederick H. De - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (1):5-23.
    Both fairness and efficiency are important considerations in market design and regulation, yet many regulators have neither defined nor measured these concepts. We develop an evidencebased policy framework in which these are both defined and measured using a series of empirical proxies. We then build a systems estimation model to examine the 2003–2011 explosive growth in algorithmic trading on the London Stock Exchange and NYSE Euronext Paris. Our results show that greater AT is associated with increased transactional efficiency and reduced (...)
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  44. Amy Allen, The Power of Feminist Theory: Domination, Resistance, Solidarity. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1999, 150 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-8133-9072-9, $49.00 (Hb). Richard B. Brandt, A Theory of the Good and the Right. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1998, 362 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 1-57392-220-X, $18.95. [REVIEW]Michael Brown, Owen R. Cote Jr, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Steven E. Miller & Eric Caplan - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34:135-138.
     
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  45.  25
    Context and Structure: The Nature of Students' Knowledge About Three Spatial Diagram Representations.Sean M. Hurley & Laura R. Novick - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (3):281 – 308.
    The authors investigated whether college students possess abstract rules concerning the applicability conditions for three spatial diagrams that are important tools for thinking—matrices, networks, and hierarchies. A total of 127 students were asked to select which type of diagram would be best for organising the information in each of several short scenarios. The scenarios were written using three different story contexts: (a) neutral, presenting a real-life situation but not cueing a particular representation; (b) abstract, presenting only variable names and relations; (...)
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  46. Absorbing New Subjects: Holography as an Analog of Photography.Sean F. Johnston - 2006 - Physics in Perspective 8:164-188.
    I discuss the early history of holography and explore how perceptions, applications, and forecasts of the subject were shaped by prior experience. I focus on the work of Dennis Gabor (1900–1979) in England,Yury N. Denisyuk (1927-2005) in the Soviet Union, and Emmett N. Leith (1927–2005) and Juris Upatnieks (b. 1936) in the United States. I show that the evolution of holography was simultaneously promoted and constrained by its identification as an analog of photography, an association that influenced its assessment by (...)
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  47. The Postwar American Scientific Instrument Industry.Sean F. Johnston - 2007 - In Workshop on postwar American high tech industry, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, 21-22 June 2007.
    The production of scientific instruments in America was neither a postwar phenomenon nor dramatically different from that of several other developed countries. It did, however, undergo a step-change in direction, size and style during and after the war. The American scientific instrument industry after 1945 was intimately dependent on, and shaped by, prior American and European experience. This was true of the specific genres of instrument produced commercially; to links between industry and science; and, just as importantly, to manufacturing practices (...)
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  48.  43
    Disguised Vices: Theories of Virtue in Early Modern French Thought.Sean Greenberg - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (1):123-124.
    Present-day philosophy has witnessed an efflorescence of virtue ethics. Although the return to virtue has been portrayed as a rehabilitation of the notion of virtue from the neglect into which it fell in the early modern period, in his seminal article, “The Misfortunes of Virtue,” J. B. Schneewind argues that virtue’s misfortune in the early modern period was not its neglect, but rather its displacement as the central concept in ethics. In Disguised Vices, Michael Moriarty uncovers another misfortune that befell (...)
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  49.  1
    Empty Esotericisms: Doctrines of Secret Writing and the Politics of a Platonic Code.Sean Noah Walsh - 2012 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 29 (1):62-82.
    The aim of this article is to address the recently renewed debate pertaining to esotericism, secret messages encoded within writings from antiquity, especially in the writings of Plato. The question of esotericism has assumed a prominent role within debates concerning the history of political thought. Ever since Leo Strauss offered his suspicion that there were secrets ‘buried in the writings of the rhetoricians of antiquity’, the idea that philosophers deliberately concealed their true beliefs in a way that few could detect (...)
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  50.  29
    Labelled Modal Logics: Quantifiers. [REVIEW]David Basin, Seán Matthews & Luca Viganò - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (3):237-263.
    In previous work we gave an approach, based on labelled natural deduction, for formalizing proof systems for a large class of propositional modal logics that includes K, D, T, B, S4, S4.2, KD45, and S5. Here we extend this approach to quantified modal logics, providing formalizations for logics with varying, increasing, decreasing, or constant domains. The result is modular with respect to both properties of the accessibility relation in the Kripke frame and the way domains of individuals change between worlds. (...)
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