Results for 'Scottish Executive'

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  1. Public Attitudes to Windfarms: A Survey of Local Residents in Scotland. Scottish Executive.S. Braunholtz - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  2. Resident Survey of the Dundee Home Zone.Scottish Executive - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
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  3. Alan Wilson.Alan Wilson, Scottish Executive & Pentland House - 1989 - In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in Human Geography. Barnes & Noble. pp. 29.
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  4.  5
    [Book Review] the Scottish Enlightenment and the Theory of Spontaneous Order. [REVIEW]Ronald Hamowy - 1990 - Ethics 101 (1):199-200.
    “Every step and every movement of the multitude, even in what are termed enlightened ages, are made with equal blindness to the future; and nations stumble upon establishments, which are indeed the result of human action, but not the execution of any human design.”—_Adam Ferguson_ During the Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume, Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson, and other lesser thinkers described a theory of spontaneously generated social order. Ronald Hamowy discusses their contributions to this significant area of social theory, noting (...)
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  5.  23
    The Role of Teacher Research in Continuing Professional Development.Margaret Kirkwood & Donald Christie - 2006 - British Journal of Educational Studies 54 (4):429-448.
    This article sets out to examine the role of teacher research and enquiry in the professional development of teachers. The context derives from the initiative of the Scottish Executive to enhance the status and working conditions of teachers. We consider the extent to which continuing professional development activities arising out of the Chartered Teacher Programme encourage teachers to value research, equip them to become research-minded and support them to engage in research and enquiry in their own professional contexts.
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  6. Philosophy with Children: Learning to Live Well.Claire Cassidy - 2012 - Childhood and Philosophy 8 (16):243-264.
    A filosofia com crianças, em todas as suas guisas, visa engendrar o pensamento filosófico e o raciocínio nas crianças. Muito é escrito sobre o que a participação na filosofia poderia fazer para a criança academicamente e emocionalmente. O que propomos aqui é que permitindo às crianças participar de diálogos filosóficos elas aprenderão uma abordagem que poderia dar suporte a sua participação na sociedade e que poderia envolvê-las na consideração e no arejamento de suas vistas, tomando decisões em suas interações e (...)
     
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  7.  24
    The Morning–After Pill.Anne Williams - 2010 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 13 (1):8-36.
    The morning-after pill has been promoted as a solution to the growing teenage sexual health problem being witnessed in Scotland. The continuing increase in sexually transmitted infections (STIs), recorded in recent reports of the Scottish Centre for Infections and Environmental Health2, has come as a shock to members of the health profession across Scotland. Documenting a marked increase in teenage sexual activity, the report raises urgent questions about the impact of the “safe sex” message in our classrooms and the (...)
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  8.  9
    Divide et impera?Andrew Johnson & Alison Johnson - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (2):143 - 144.
    Instead of an editorial, in this issue of Environmental Values the publishers have been invited to comment on a local environmental issue that currently looms large in our Scottish island backyard. Divided from mainland Scotland by fifty miles of sea, the Outer Hebrides are a peripheral part of the already peripheral Scottish Highlands - a region of low production, and high demands on thinly spread national services. Fifteen years ago our economic salvation was to be the creation of (...)
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  9.  11
    Cloning and Public Policy.Ruth Macklin - 2002 - In Justine Burley & John Harris (eds.), A companion to genethics. Blackwell. pp. 206-215.
    It seemed like only minutes after a team of Scottish scientists announced, in late February 1997, that they had successfully cloned a sheep, that governmental officials and private citizens throughout the world called for a ban on cloning human beings. The rush to legislate or issue executive orders was so swift, it is reasonable to wonder why the news that a mammal had been cloned ignited such a stampede to prohibit, even criminalize, attempts to clone humans. These events (...)
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  10.  7
    ‘Barons’ Wars, Under Other Names’: Feudalism, Royalism and the American Founding.Eric Nelson - 2017 - History of European Ideas 43 (2):198-214.
    SUMMARYThe Machiavellian Moment was largely responsible for establishing what remains the dominant understanding of American Revolutionary ideology. Patriots, on this account, were radical whigs; their great preoccupation was a terror of crown power and executive corruption. This essay proposes to test the whig reading of patriot political thought in a manner suggested by Professor Pocock's pioneering first book, The Ancient Constitution and the Feudal Law. The whig tradition, as he taught us, located in the remote Saxon past an ‘ancient (...)
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  11. Standards of Ethical Conduct for Health Service Executives.Canadian College of Health Service Executives - 1991 - Codes of Ethics: Ethical Codes, Standards and Guidelines for Professionals Working in a Health Care Setting in Canada, Department of Bioethics, the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto 224:31-36.
     
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  12.  56
    Psychopathy, Executive Functions, and Neuropsychological Data: A Response to Sifferd and Hirstein.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (1):55-65.
    Psychopathy, executive functions, and neuropsychological data: a response to Sifferd and Hirstein.
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  13.  26
    The Scottish Philosophy: Biographical, Expository, Critical, From Hutcheson to Hamilton.James McCosh - 1966 - Cambridge University Press.
    James McCosh, the Scottish philosopher, graduated from the University of Glasgow, spent some time as a minister in the Church of Scotland but then returned to philosophy and spent most of his career at Princeton University. The eighteenth-century Scottish Enlightenment had many influential philosophers at its core. In this book, first published in 1875, McCosh outlines the theories of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century philosophers and identifies Scottish philosophy as a distinct school of thought. He summarises both the merits (...)
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  14.  12
    The Scottish Philosophy: Biographical, Expository, Critical, From Hutcheson to Hamilton.James McCosh - 1874 - Hildesheim, Georg Olms.
    1875. McCosh, Eleventh President of Princeton University, he was a supporter of the Scottish School of Philosophy, and the work of Thomas Reid and Dugald ...
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  15.  46
    Executive Pay and Legitimacy: Changing Discursive Battles Over the Morality of Excessive Manager Compensation. [REVIEW]Maria Joutsenvirta - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):459-477.
    How is the (il)legitimacy of manager compensation constructed in social interaction? This study investigated discursive processes through which heavily contested executive pay schemes of the Finnish energy giant Fortum were constructed as (il)legitimate in public during 2005–2009. The critical discursive analysis of media texts identified five legitimation strategies through which politicians, journalists, and other social actors contested these schemes and, at the same time, constructed subject positions for managers, politicians, and citizens. The comparison of two debate periods surrounding the (...)
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  16. Executive Compensation : Unjust or Just Right?John R. Boatright - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  17.  86
    The Scottish Enlightenment, Unintended Consequences and the Science of Man.Craig Smith - 2009 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 7 (1):9-28.
    It is a commonplace that the writers of eighteenth century Scotland played a key role in shaping the early practice of social science. This paper examines how this ‘Scottish’ contribution to the Enlightenment generation of social science was shaped by the fascination with unintended consequences. From Adam Smith's invisible hand to Hume's analysis of convention, through Ferguson's sociology, and Millar's discussion of rank, by way of Robertson's View of Progress, the concept of unintended consequences pervades the writing of the (...)
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  18.  2
    Executive Integrity: The Search for High Human Values in Organizational Life.Suresh Srivastva (ed.) - 1988 - Jossey-Bass.
    Shows that executive integrity is not merely a moral trait but a dynamic process of making empathetic, responsible, and sound decisions. Describes key features of executive integrity including effective social interaction, open dialogue, and responsive leadershipand explains how integrity can be developed and practiced in today's organizations.
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  19. Scottish Common Sense in Germany, 1768--1800: A Contribution to the History of Critical Philosophy.Manfred Kuehn - 1980 - Dissertation, Mcgill University (Canada)
    This work attempts to show that the Scottish common sense philosophers Thomas Reid, James Oswald and James Beattie, had a substantial influence upon the development of German thought during the period of the late enlightenment. Their works were thoroughly reviewed in German philosophical journals and translated into German soon after they had appeared in English. Whether it was Mendelssohn, a rationalist, Lossius, a materialist, Feder, a sensationalist, Tetens, a critical empiricist, or Hamann and Jacobi, irrationalist philosophers of faith, important (...)
     
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  20. The Scottish Enlightenment: Race, Gender, and the Limits of Progress.Silvia Sebastiani - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  21. Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ‐Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine.Jukka Varelius - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (3):140-149.
    ABSTRACTIn a recent issue of this journal, David Silver and Gerald Dworkin discuss the physicians' role in execution by lethal injection. Dworkin concludes that discussion by stating that, at that point, he is unable to think of an acceptable set of moral principles to support the view that it is illegitimate for physicians to participate in execution by lethal injection that would not rule out certain other plausible moral judgements, namely that euthanasia is under certain conditions legitimate and that organ‐donation (...)
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  22.  73
    Executive Functions and Self-Regulation.Wilhelm Hofmann, Brandon J. Schmeichel & Alan D. Baddeley - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):174-180.
  23. Scottish Philosophy and British Physics, 1750-1880: A Study in the Foundations of the Victorian Scientific Style.Richard Olson - 1975 - Princeton University Press.
    Historians of science have long been intrigued by the impact of disparate cultural styles on the science of a given country and time period. Richard Olson’s book is a case study in the interaction between philosophy and science as well as an examination of a particular scientific movement. The author investigates the methodological arguments of the Common Sense philosophers Thomas Reid, Dugald Stewart, Thomas Brown, and William Hamilton and the possible transmission of their ideas to scientists from John Playfair to (...)
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  24. Executive Attention and Metacognitive Regulation.Diego Fernandez-Duque, Jodie A. Baird & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):288-307.
    Metacognition refers to any knowledge or cognitive process that monitors or controls cognition. We highlight similarities between metacognitive and executive control functions, and ask how these processes might be implemented in the human brain. A review of brain imaging studies reveals a circuitry of attentional networks involved in these control processes, with its source located in midfrontal areas. These areas are active during conflict resolution, error correction, and emotional regulation. A developmental approach to the organization of the anatomy involved (...)
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  25.  62
    Program Execution in Connectionist Networks.Martin Roth - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (4):448-467.
    Recently, connectionist models have been developed that seem to exhibit structuresensitive cognitive capacities without executing a program. This paper examines one such model and argues that it does execute a program. The argument proceeds by showing that what is essential to running a program is preserving the functional structure of the program. It has generally been assumed that this can only be done by systems possessing a certain temporalcausal organization. However, counterfactualpreserving functional architecture can be instantiated in other ways, for (...)
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  26. The Scottish Pragmatist? The Dilemma of Common Sense and the Pragmatist Way Out.Peter Baumann - 1999 - Reid Studies 2 (2):47-58.
    One of the great attractions of Thomas Reid's account of knowledge is that he attempted to avoid the alternative between skepticism and dogmatism. This attempt, however, faces serious problems. It is argued here that there is a pragmatist way out of the problems, and that there are even hints to this solution in Reid's writings.
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  27.  34
    Executive Function is Necessary for Perspective Selection, Not Level-1 Visual Perspective Calculation: Evidence From a Dual-Task Study of Adults.Adam W. Qureshi, Ian A. Apperly & Dana Samson - 2010 - Cognition 117 (2):230-236.
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  28.  40
    The Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense.S. A. GRAVE - 1960 - Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press.
  29.  67
    Executive Functions in Insight Versus Non-Insight Problem Solving: An Individual Differences Approach.E. Fioratou & K. J. Gilhooly - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376.
    This study investigated the roles of the executive functions of inhibition and switching, and of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities, in insight and non-insight tasks. A total of 18 insight tasks, 10 non-insight tasks, and measures of individual differences in working memory capacities, switching, and inhibition were administered to 120 participants. Performance on insight problems was not linked with executive functions of inhibition or switching but was linked positively to measures of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities. (...)
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  30.  34
    Recasting Scottish Sentimentalism: The Peculiarity of Moral Approval.Remy Debes - 2012 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 10 (1):91-115.
    By founding morality on the particular sentiments of approbation and disapprobation, Shaftesbury, Hutcheson, Hume, and Smith implied that the nature of moral judgment was far more intuitive and accessible than their rationalist predecessors and contemporaries would, or at least easily could, allow. And yet, these ‘Sentimentalists’ faced the longstanding belief that the human affective psyche is a veritable labyrinth – an obstacle to practical morality if not something literally brutish in us. The Scottish Sentimentalists thus implicitly tasked themselves with (...)
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  31.  26
    Executive Function, Disability, and Agency.Kevin Timpe - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (4):767-796.
    This paper considers how a number of particular disabilities can impact agency primarily by affecting what psychologists refer to as ‘executive function.’ Some disabilities, I argue, could decrease agency even without fully undermining it. I see this argument as contributing to the growing literature that sees agency as coming in degrees. The first section gives a broad outline of a fairly standard approach to agency. The second section relates that framework to the existing literature, which suggests that agency comes (...)
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  32.  56
    Scottish Philosophy in the 18th Century.Alexander Broadie - 2001 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Philosophy was at the core of the eighteenth century movement known as the Scottish Enlightenment. The movement included major figures, such as Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, Adam Smith, Thomas Reid and Adam Ferguson, and also many others who produced notable works, such as Gershom Carmichael, George Turnbull, George Campbell, James Beattie, Alexander Gerard, Henry Home (Lord Kames) and Dugald Stewart. I discuss some of the leading ideas of these thinkers, though paying less attention than I otherwise would to Hume, (...)
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  33. Scottish Philosophy in its National Development.Henry Laurie - 1902 - J.Maclehose.
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  34.  44
    Scottish Civil Society and Devolution: The New Case for Ronald Preston's Defence of Middle Axioms.William F. Storrar - 2004 - Studies in Christian Ethics 17 (2):37-46.
    Ronald Preston defended the middle axiom approach to doing Christian social ethics developed by J. H. Oldham for the 1937 ‘Life and Work’ conference. Preston argued that middle axioms continue to offer the churches a relevant ecumenical method. Middle axions has since been subject to fundamental criticism by ethicists such as Duncan Forrester. It will be argued that a case study of the Church of Scotland's contribution to the devolution debate, as part of Scottish civil society, supports Preston's defence (...)
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  35.  17
    Executive Control of Visual Attention in Dual-Task Situations.Gordon D. Logan & Robert D. Gordon - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (2):393-434.
  36.  8
    The Scottish Enlightenment and Hegel’s Account of “Civil Society,”. [REVIEW]Norbert Waszek - 1988 - Science and Society 54 (4):492-495.
  37.  19
    Business Executives' Perceptions of Ethical Leadership and Its Development.Catherine Marsh - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):565-582.
    This paper summarized the findings of a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of ethical leadership held by those who perceived themselves to be ethical leaders, and how life experiences shaped the values called upon when making ethical decisions. The experiences of 28 business executives were shared with the researcher, beginning with the recollection of a critical incident that detailed an ethical issue with which each executive had been involved. With the critical incident in mind, each executive told (...)
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  38.  15
    Scottish Philosophy in its National Development.A. T. Ormond - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12:575.
  39.  83
    Executive Functions in Decision Making: An Individual Differences Approach.Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Timo Mäntylä & Fabio Del Missier - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (2):69-97.
    This individual differences study examined the relationships between three executive functions (updating, shifting, and inhibition), measured as latent variables, and performance on two cognitively demanding subtests of the Adult Decision Making Competence battery: Applying Decision Rules and Consistency in Risk Perception. Structural equation modelling showed that executive functions contribute differentially to performance in these two tasks, with Applying Decision Rules being mainly related to inhibition and Consistency in Risk Perception mainly associated to shifting. The results suggest that the (...)
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  40.  35
    Why Scottish Philosophy Matters.Alexander Broadie - 2000 - Saltire Society.
    CHAPTER Introduction I do not take lightly the title of this book. I believe that Scottish philosophy matters greatly and my principal aim is to say why it ...
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  41. Executive Dysfunction in Autism.Elisabeth L. Hill - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):26-32.
  42. Scottish Philosophy a Comparison of the Scottish and German Answers to Hume.A. Seth Pringle-Pattison - 1885 - W. Blackwood and Sons.
  43.  32
    Executive Compensation and Corporate Fraud in China.Martin J. Conyon & Lerong He - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):669-691.
    This study investigates the relation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud in China. We document a significantly negative correlation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud using data on publicly traded firms between 2005 and 2010. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that firms penalize CEOs for fraud by lowering their pay. We also find that CEO compensation is lower in firms that commit more severe frauds. Panel data fixed effects and propensity score methods are used to demonstrate these effects. (...)
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  44.  20
    Executive Functioning as a Potential Mediator of Age-Related Cognitive Decline in Normal Adults.Timothy A. Salthouse, Thomas M. Atkinson & Diane E. Berish - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (4):566.
  45. Scottish Common Sense in Germany, 1768-1800: A Contribution to the History of Critical Philosophy by Manfred Kuehn. [REVIEW]Gary Hatfield - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):574-575.
    A review of: Manfred Kuehn. Scottish Common Sense in Germany, 1768-1800: A Contribution to the History of Critical Philosophy. (McGill-Queen's Studies in the History of Ideas.) xiv + 300 pp., app., bibl., index. Kingston, Ont./Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1987. $35.
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  46.  23
    The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology.Alexander Broadie (ed.) - 1997 - Canongate Books.
    In his lengthy introduction, Alexander Broadie emphasizes not only the diversity of intellectual discussion taking place in Scotland, but also the European ...
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  47.  90
    Executive Compensation: Excessive or Equitable? [REVIEW]Donald Nichols & Chandra Subramaniam - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (4):339 - 351.
    The eighties and nineties have seen much debate about CEO compensation. Critics of CEO compensation support their contention of excessive and inequitable CEO pay based on a number of factors and premises. This paper examines the validity of these arguments. We show why many of these arguments fail to persuade, in part, because they attempt to determine propriety of CEO pay without having a definitive standard for comparison. Arguments based on comparisons between CEO pay and the pay of other individuals (...)
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  48.  82
    'Scottish Commonsense' About Memory: A Defence of Thomas Reid's Direct Knowledge Account.Andy Hamilton - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (2):229-245.
    Reid rejects the image theory --the representative or indirect realist position--that memory-judgements are inferred from or otherwise justified by a present image or introspectible state. He also rejects the trace theory , which regards memories as essentially traces in the brain. In contrast he argues for a direct knowledge account in which personal memory yields unmediated knowledge of the past. He asserts the reliability of memory, not in currently fashionable terms as a reliable belief-forming process, but more elusively as a (...)
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  49. The Legal Self: Executive Processes and Legal Theory.William Hirstein & Katrina Sifferd - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):151-176.
    When laws or legal principles mention mental states such as intentions to form a contract, knowledge of risk, or purposely causing a death, what parts of the brain are they speaking about? We argue here that these principles are tacitly directed at our prefrontal executive processes. Our current best theories of consciousness portray it as a workspace in which executive processes operate, but what is important to the law is what is done with the workspace content rather than (...)
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  50.  42
    Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW]Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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