Results for 'Scott Christopher Davidson'

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  1.  16
    Stem Cell Tourism and the Power of Hope.Charles E. Murdoch & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (5):16-23.
    This paper explores the notions of hope and how individual patient autonomy can trump carefully reasoned ethical concerns and policies intended to regulate stem cell transplants. We argue that the same limits of knowledge that inform arguments to restrain and regulate unproven treatments might also undermine our ability to comprehensively dismiss or condemn them. Incautiously or indiscriminately reasoned policies and attitudes may drive critical information and data underground, impel patients away from working with clinical researchers, and tread needlessly on hope, (...)
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  2. How Ethics Can Better Anticipate the Consequences of Emerging Biotechnologies.Dorit Barlevy & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (1):46-48.
    Ankeny et al.’s “Developing a Reflexive, Anticipatory, and Deliberative Approach to Unanticipated Discoveries: Ethical Lessons from iBlastoids” cites several places in the lite...
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  3.  5
    Treading the Line Between Sensational and Groundbreaking Science.Christopher Scott - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):1-2.
  4.  11
    What to Expect When Expecting CRISPR Baby Number Four.Cynthia Selin & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):7-9.
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  5.  13
    Scientific and Ethical Uncertainties in Brain Organoid Research.Arun Sharma, Peter Zuk & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (1):48-51.
    Hank Greely’s target article, “Human Brain Surrogates Research: The Onrushing Ethical Dilemma” reviews the manifold scientific and ethical questions surrounding models of human brains used i...
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  6.  3
    Drinking Wastewater: Public Trust in Potable Reuse.Christopher A. Scott & Kerri Jean Ormerod - 2013 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 38 (3):351-373.
    In the coming decades, highly treated wastewater, known as reclaimed water, is slated to be a major element of municipal water supplies. In particular, planners propose supplementing drinking water with reclaimed water as a sustainable solution to the growing challenge of urban water scarcity. Public opposition is currently considered the primary barrier to implementing successful potable water reuse projects; nonetheless, public responses to reclaimed water are not well understood. Based on a survey of over 250 residents of Tucson, Arizona, this (...)
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  7.  11
    Backward by Design:Building ELSI Into a Stem Cell Science Curriculum.Christopher Thomas Scott - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (3):26-32.
  8.  8
    Two Watershed Stem Cell Experiments: A Look Back.Christopher Scott - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):17-18.
  9.  7
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Stem Cell Tourism and the Power of Hope”.Charles E. Murdoch & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (5):1-3.
    This paper explores the notions of hope and how individual patient autonomy can trump carefully reasoned ethical concerns and policies intended to regulate stem cell transplants. We argue that the same limits of knowledge that inform arguments to restrain and regulate unproven treatments might also undermine our ability to comprehensively dismiss or condemn them. Incautiously or indiscriminately reasoned policies and attitudes may drive critical information and data underground, impel patients away from working with clinical researchers, and tread needlessly on hope, (...)
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  10.  16
    Off-Target Effects of a Defense of Denial.Mary Anderlik Majumder & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (9):22-24.
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  11. The Stem-Cell Century: A New Epoch and Fresh Challenge.Jennifer B. McCormick & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (1):126-133.
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  12.  17
    High-Density Lipoproteins-Associated Proteins and Subspecies Related to Arterial Stiffness in Young Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.Xiaoting Zhu, Amy S. Shah, Debi K. Swertfeger, Hailong Li, Sheng Ren, John T. Melchior, Scott M. Gordon, W. Sean Davidson & L. Jason Lu - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-14.
    Lower plasma levels of high-density lipoproteins in adolescents with type 2 diabetes have been associated with a higher pulse wave velocity, a marker of arterial stiffness. Evidence suggests that HDL proteins or particle subspecies are altered in T2D and these may drive these relationships. In this work, we set out to reveal any specific proteins and subspecies that are related to arterial stiffness in youth with T2D from proteomics data. Plasma and PWV measurements were previously acquired from lean and T2D (...)
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  13.  21
    Fit to Print? Media Accounts of Unproven Medical Treatments Across Time.Woody Chang, Tracy Caroline Bank & Christopher Thomas Scott - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (1):33-43.
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  14.  16
    History Teaches Us That Confronting Antibiotic Resistance Requires Stronger Global Collective Action.Scott H. Podolsky, Robert Bud, Christoph Gradmann, Bård Hobaek, Claas Kirchhelle, Tore Mitvedt, María Jesús Santesmases, Ulrike Thoms, Dag Berild & Anne Kveim Lie - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s3):27-32.
    Antibiotic development and usage, and antibiotic resistance in particular, are today considered global concerns, simultaneously mandating local and global perspectives and actions. Yet such global considerations have not always been part of antibiotic policy formation, and those who attempt to formulate a globally coordinated response to antibiotic resistance will need to confront a history of heterogeneous, often uncoordinated, and at times conflicting reform efforts, whose legacies remain apparent today. Historical analysis permits us to highlight such entrenched trends and processes, helping (...)
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  15.  2
    Expression Unleashed: The Evolutionary & Cognitive Foundations of Human Communication.Christophe Heintz & Thom Scott-Phillips - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-46.
    Human expression is open-ended, versatile and diverse, ranging from ordinary language use to painting, from exaggerated displays of affection to micro-movements that aid coordination. Here we present and defend the claim that this expressive diversity is united by an interrelated suite of cognitive capacities, the evolved functions of which are the expression and recognition of informative intentions. We describe how evolutionary dynamics normally leash communication to narrow domains of statistical mutual benefit, and how they are unleashed in humans. The relevant (...)
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  16.  27
    Augustine.Scott MacDonald & Christopher Kirwan - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):638.
  17.  15
    An Integrated Model of Choices and Response Times in Absolute Identification.Scott D. Brown, A. A. J. Marley, Christopher Donkin & Andrew Heathcote - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):396-425.
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  18.  39
    Ethical Leadership in Modern Employment Relationships: Lessons From St. Benedict. [REVIEW]Christopher C. A. Chan, Kenneth McBey & Brenda Scott-Ladd - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):221 - 228.
    Business ethics and leadership play an increasingly important role for contemporary organizations as employers and employees search for new ways to cope with ongoing changes in organizational environments. Research attention to date has focused upon how to improve process and structural configurations, while there has been scant attention devoted to an examination of the ethical and leadership perspective. This article breaks new ground by exploring the applicability of the Rule of St. Benedict (RSB) to modern employment relationships. A significant proportion (...)
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  19.  1
    Totality and Infinity at 50.Scott Davidson & Diane Perpich (eds.) - 2012 - Duquesne University Press.
    "Essays by 14 Levinas scholars provide a fresh acount of the argument and purpose of Emmanuel Levinas's major work, Totality and Infinity, drawing parallels between Levinas and other thinkers; considering Levinas's relationship to other disciplines such as nursing, psychotherapy, and law; and bringing this seminal text to bear on specific, concrete issues of present-day concern"--Provided by publisher.
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  20. Spinoza as an Exemplar of Foucault’s Spirituality and Technologies of the Self.Christopher Davidson - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (2):111-146.
    Practices of the self are prominent in Spinoza, both in the Ethics and On the Emendation of the Intellect. The same can be said of Descartes, e.g., his Discourse on the Method. What, if anything, distinguishes their practices of the self? Michel Foucault’s concept of “spirituality” isolates how Spinoza ’s practices are relatively unusual in the early modern era. Spirituality, as defined by Foucault in The Hermeneutics of the Subject, requires changes in the ethical subject before one can begin philosophizing, (...)
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  21.  7
    Scott Davidson: Going Grey: The Mediation of Politics in an Ageing Society.Petter Haakenstad Godli - 2019 - Intergenerational Justice Review 1 (1).
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  22.  6
    Scott Davidson, Ed., "A Companion to Ricoeur’s Freedom and Nature." Reviewed By.Timo Helenius - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (2):66-68.
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  23. Freud’s Mass Hypnosis with Spinoza’s Superstitious Wonder: Balibar’s Multiple Transindividuality.Christopher Davidson - 2018 - Australasian Philosophical Review 2 (1):77-83.
    This response focuses on Balibar’s method of thinking transindividuality through multiple figures, in their similarities as well as their productive differences. His essay ‘Philosophies of the Transindividual: Spinoza, Marx, Freud’ combines the three titular figures in order to better think the multifaceted idea of ‘classical’ transindividuality. Balibar’s method combines the three but nonetheless maintains their dissimilarities as real differences. This response attempts to test or apply that method in two ways. The first application links Balibar’s analysis of Freud’s hypnotic leader (...)
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  24.  65
    Book Review:Democracy and Distrust. John Hart Ely; Judicial Review and the National Political Process. Jesse H. Choper.Christopher Arnold & H. Scott Fairley - 1983 - Ethics 93 (3):615-618.
  25. The Rights of the Other : Levinas and Human Rights.Scott Davidson - 2012 - In Scott Davidson & Diane Perpich (eds.), Totality and Infinity at 50. Duquesne University Press.
     
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  26.  6
    The Emergence of Phenomenological Psychology in the United States.Scott D. Churchill, Christopher M. Aanstoos & James Morley - 2021 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 52 (2):218-274.
    This essay strives to bring together the institutional history of phenomenological psychology within the American academy from the middle of the 20th century to the current moment. Although phenomenological psychology has always been a dynamically international and interdisciplinary movement, the scope of this essay is limited to the different ways in which this new field expressed itself in certain psychology departments and educational institutions across the United States. After presenting this institutional history, and some individual contributors, a brief commentary is (...)
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  27.  48
    Axiomatizing Category Theory in Free Logic.Christoph Benzmüller & Dana Scott - manuscript
    Starting from a generalization of the standard axioms for a monoid we present a stepwise development of various, mutually equivalent foundational axiom systems for category theory. Our axiom sets have been formalized in the Isabelle/HOL interactive proof assistant, and this formalization utilizes a semantically correct embedding of free logic in classical higher-order logic. The modeling and formal analysis of our axiom sets has been significantly supported by series of experiments with automated reasoning tools integrated with Isabelle/HOL. We also address the (...)
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  28.  10
    Synchrony Between Sensory and Cognitive Networks is Associated with Subclinical Variation in Autistic Traits.Jacob S. Young, David V. Smith, Christopher G. Coutlee & Scott A. Huettel - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  29. Scott Soames. Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century_. _Volume 1: The Dawn of.Christopher Pincock - unknown
    The last twenty years have seen an explosion in books and papers on Russell’s philosophy and its contemporary significance. There is good reason to think that this will continue as the contents of the Collected Papers are digested by Russell scholars and as more specialists contribute to the history of analytic philosophy more generally. Given all this good news, it is disconcerting to find a 100 page discussion of Russell, in a well-reviewed book by a first-rate philosopher, repeating many of (...)
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  30.  15
    Gedanken Beleuchten. Frege Und Davidson Zum Problem der Prädikation.Christoph C. Pfisterer - 2009 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 57 (4):583-595.
    The paper examines Davidson′s discussion of Frege on the problem of predication. Simple declarative sentences are unities that are true or false; how do predicates contribute to this kind of semantic unity? According to Davidson, the problem cannot be solved by assigning referents to predicates, since this leads to an infinite regress. Frege famously contributes the idea that predicates are “incomplete” or “unsaturated” functional expressions, mapping objects to truth-values. However, he takes predicates to refer to concepts and thus (...)
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  31. Non-Decision Time Effects in the Lexical Decision Task.Christopher Donkin, Andrew Heathcote, Scott Brown & Sally Andrews - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
  32. Ricoeur and the Post-Structuralists: Bourdieu, Derrida, Deleuze, Foucault, Castoriadis.Scott Davidson (ed.) - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    In this book, a world-leading Ricoeur scholar examines Ricoeur's philosophy in relation to other major figures in contemporary French philosophy including Bourdieu, Derrida, Deleuze, Foucault, and Castoriadis.
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  33. The Husserl Heretics: Ricoeur, Levinas, and the French Reception of Husserlian Phenomenology.Scott Davidson - 2013 - Studia Phaenomenologica 13:209-229.
    The legacy of Husserlian phenomenology in France, as Paul Ricœur observes, has inspired a series of “ Husserlian heresies.” This paper seeks to shedlight on the Husserl heretics through a study of two influential thinkers who introduced Husserl’s to French readers: Levinas and Ricoeur. Their introductionsgave rise to the “standard picture” of Husserl as an Idealist. Their criticism of Husserl’s Idealism then provides the springboard into their own originalthought. What ultimately emerges from this, however, are two different visions of how (...)
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  34.  31
    Negative Cognitive Response to a Sad Mood Induction: Associations with Polymorphisms of the Serotonin Transporter (5-HTTLPR) Gene.Christopher G. Beevers, Walter D. Scott, Chinatsu McGeary & John E. McGeary - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (4):726-738.
  35. A Spinozist Aesthetics of Affect and Its Political Implications.Christopher Davidson - 2017 - In Gábor Boros, Judit Szalai & Oliver Istvan Toth (eds.), The Concept of Affectivity in Early Modern Philosophy. Budapest, Hungary: Eötvös Loránd University Press. pp. 185-206.
    Spinoza rarely refers to art. However, there are extensive resources for a Spinozist aesthetics in his discussion of health in the Ethics and of social affects in his political works. There have been recently been a few essays linking Spinoza and art, but this essay additionally fuses Spinoza’s politics to an affective aesthetics. Spinoza’s statements that art makes us healthier (Ethics 4p54Sch; Emendation section 17) form the foundation of an aesthetics. In Spinoza’s definition, “health” is caused by external objects that (...)
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  36.  3
    Listen to Your Heart: Examining Modality Dominance Using Cross-Modal Oddball Tasks.Christopher W. Robinson, Krysten R. Chadwick, Jessica L. Parker & Scott Sinnett - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  12
    Adaptive Accuracy and Adaptive Landscapes.Christophe Pélabon, W. Scott Armbruster, Thomas F. Hansen, Geir H. Bolstad & Rocío Pérez-Barrales - 2012 - In E. Svensson & R. Calsbeek (eds.), The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press.
  38.  7
    Maurice FitzGerald Scott 1924-2009.Christopher Bliss - 2011 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 172, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, X. pp. 293.
    Maurice Scott, an outstanding economics scholar associated for most of his career with Nuffield College Oxford, was involved in the revolution in economic thought of the 1960s and 1970s. His major work, A New View of Economic Growth, was coolly received. Scott, who wrote an autobiography, My Life, and a philosophical study entitled Peter's Journey: A Search for the True Purpose of Life, was elected Fellow of the British Academy in 1990. Obituary by Christopher Bliss FBA.
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  39.  15
    Michael Sohn , The Good of Recognition: Phenomenology, Ethics, and Religion in the Thought of Levinas and Ricoeur . Reviewed By.Scott Davidson - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (1):44-46.
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  40.  21
    The Imaginative Landscape of Christopher Columbus.Valerie I. J. Flint.Scott D. Westrem - 1993 - Speculum 68 (3):764-768.
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  41.  41
    Could Abstract Objects Depend Upon God?: SCOTT A. DAVISON.Scott A. Davison - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (4):485-497.
    What sorts of things are there in the world? Clearly enough, there are concrete, material things; but are there other things too, perhaps nonconcrete or non-material things? Some people believe that there are such things, which are often called abstract ; purported examples of such objects include numbers, properties, possible but non-actual states of affairs, propositions, and sets. Following a long-standing tradition, I shall describe persons who believe that there are abstract objects as ‘platonists’. In this paper, I shall not (...)
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  42.  6
    Christopher Scott Sevier, Aquinas on Beauty. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2015. Pp. Xii, 227. $85. ISBN: 978-0-7391-8424-0. [REVIEW]Robert C. Miner - 2017 - Speculum 92 (1):307-308.
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  43.  15
    Commitment and Communication: Are We Committed to What We Mean, or What We Say?Francesca Bonalumi, Thom Scott-Phillips, Julius Tacha & Christophe Heintz - 2020 - Language and Cognition 12 (2):360-384.
    Are communicators perceived as committed to what they actually say (what is explicit), or to what they mean (including what is implicit)? Some research claims that explicit communication leads to a higher attribution of commitment and more accountability than implicit communication. Here we present theoretical arguments and experimental data to the contrary. We present three studies exploring whether the saying–meaning distinction affects commitment attribution in promises, and, crucially, whether commitment attribution is further modulated by the degree to which the hearer (...)
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  44. Comments on Scott Soames, Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume I.Christopher Pincock - unknown
    Scott Soames has given us a clear, engaging but ultimately unsatisfying introduction to the history of analytic philosophy. Based on Soames’ impressive work in the philosophy of language, when these two volumes appeared I had high hopes that he would be successful. There is certainly a need for an introductory survey of the history of analytic philosophy. Currently, there is no resource for the beginning student or the amateur historian that will summarize our current understanding of the origins and (...)
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  45.  26
    The Judas Within: A Look at the Sexual Abuse Crisis in the Catholic Church.Christopher Chan & Brenda Scott-Ladd - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (4):326-339.
    Drawing from normal accident theory, high reliability theory, and systems theory, we analyze the Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People that is promulgated by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops in response to the sexual abuses of minors by clergy members. Although the Charter is a step in the right direction, there remain some areas that require immediate attention. In spite of the goodwill processes, the safety of minors must remain the concerted efforts and responsibilities of (...)
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  46.  10
    Christopher Scott Sevier. Aquinas on Beauty. Reviewed By.Daniel Gallagher - 2017 - Philosophy in Review 37 (1):28-29.
  47.  9
    The Structure of Sociological Theory and Knowledge.Christopher Dandeker & John Scott - 1979 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 9 (3):303–325.
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  48.  1
    Hobbes and the Artifice of Eternity.Christopher Scott McClure - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Hobbes argues that the fear of violent death is the most reliable passion on which to found political society. His role in shaping the contemporary view of religion and honor in the West is pivotal, yet his ideas are famously riddled with contradictions. In this breakthrough study, McClure finds evidence that Hobbes' apparent inconsistencies are intentional, part of a sophisticated rhetorical strategy meant to make man more afraid of death than he naturally is. Hobbes subtly undermined two of the (...)
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  49. Producing Marks of Distinction: Hilaritas and Devotion as Singular Virtues in Spinoza’s Aesthetic Festival.Christopher Davidson - 2019 - Textual Practice 34:1-18.
    Spinoza’s concepts of wonder, the imitation of affects, cheerfulness, and devotion provide the basis for a Spinozist aesthetics. Those concepts from his Ethics, when combined with his account of rituals and festivals in the Theological-Political Treatise and his Political Treatise, reveal an aesthetics of social affects. The repetition of ritualised participatory aesthetic practices over time generates a unique ingenium or way of life for a social group, a singular style which distinguishes them from the general political body. Ritual and the (...)
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  50.  6
    Scott L. Montgomery, Does Science Need a Global Language?Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2013. Pp. Xiii+226. ISBN 978-0-226-53503-6. £16.00. [REVIEW]Christopher Hollings - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Science 47 (4):760-762.
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