Results for 'Scott A. Wowra'

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  1. Moral Identities, Social Anxiety, and Academic Dishonesty Among American College Students.Scott A. Wowra - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):303 – 321.
    Academic dishonesty is a persistent problem in the American educational system. The present investigation examined how reports of academic cheating related to students' emphasis on their moral identities and their sensitivity to social evaluation. Seventy college students at a large southeastern university completed a battery of surveys. Symptoms of social anxiety were positively correlated with recall of academic cheating. Additionally, relative to students who placed less importance on their moral identities, students who placed more importance on their moral identities recalled (...)
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  2.  28
    Academic Dishonesty.Scott A. Wowra - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):211 – 214.
    The data in this special issue are both encouraging and discouraging. On the positive side, researchers are making theoretical breakthroughs into the psychology of the academic cheater, which may result in practical interventions. Yet the studies illustrate the sheer magnitude of the problem and the resources needed to address unethical behavior among the younger members of the American academe. In short, this special issue shows that the "Internet revolution" facilitates new types of academic dishonesty (Sisti, this issue; Stephens, Young, & (...)
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  3.  42
    Could Abstract Objects Depend Upon God?: SCOTT A. DAVISON.Scott A. Davison - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (4):485-497.
    What sorts of things are there in the world? Clearly enough, there are concrete, material things; but are there other things too, perhaps nonconcrete or non-material things? Some people believe that there are such things, which are often called abstract ; purported examples of such objects include numbers, properties, possible but non-actual states of affairs, propositions, and sets. Following a long-standing tradition, I shall describe persons who believe that there are abstract objects as ‘platonists’. In this paper, I shall not (...)
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  4.  11
    Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation.Scott A. Davison - 2012 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This volume explores the philosophical issues involved in the idea of petitionary prayer, where this is conceived as an activity designed to influence the action of the all-knowing, all-powerful, perfectly good God of traditional theism. Theists have always recognized various logical and moral limits to divine action in the world, but do these limits leave any space among God's reasons for petitionary prayer to make a difference? Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation develops a new account of the conditions required for (...)
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  5. A Naturalistic Intrinsic Value Theodicy.Scott A. Davison - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 9:236-258.
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  6. A Model of Language Processing and Spatial Reasoning Using Skill Acquisition to Situate Action.Scott A. Douglass & John R. Anderson - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2281--2286.
  7. Modalism.Scott A. Shalkowski - 2018 - In Otávio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Modality. Routledge.
     
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  8.  59
    A New Look at Kepler and Abductive Argument.Scott A. Kleiner - 1983 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 14 (4):279.
  9.  9
    Cognitive Control as a 5-HT1A-Based Domain That Is Disrupted in Major Depressive Disorder.Scott A. Langenecker, Brian J. Mickey, Peter Eichhammer, Srijan Sen, Kathleen H. Elverman, Susan E. Kennedy, Mary M. Heitzeg, Saulo M. Ribeiro, Tiffany M. Love, David T. Hsu, Robert A. Koeppe, Stanley J. Watson, Huda Akil, David Goldman, Margit Burmeister & Jon-Kar Zubieta - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  34
    Tax Practitioners' Ethical Sensitivity: A Model and Empirical Examination. [REVIEW]Scott A. Yetmar & Kenneth K. Eastman - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (4):271 - 288.
    Ethical sensitivity triggers the entire ethical decision-making process (i.e., recognition of ethical content in work situations). In this article, five factors are examined that affect tax practitioners' professional ethical sensitivity. The five factors that were examined include role conflict, role ambiguity, job satisfaction, professional commitment, and ethical orientation. Ethical content in work situations is examined in relation to professional ethics as enumerated by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountant's (AICPA) Statements on Responsibilities in Tax Practice (SRTP). Utilizing Hunt and (...)
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  11. The Metaphysics of Modality: A Study in the Foundations of Necessity.Scott A. Shalkowski - 1984 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
    In the past three decades there has been a rapid development of the formal machinery for modal logic. Quantified modal logic has developed along with a semantics and model theory that is appropriate to it. With this technical development there has been relatively little discussion of what modality is all about. There are two fundamental questions that have gone unanswered. First, to what does necessity amount? Is this a new logical notion, or is it something that can be further analyzed (...)
     
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  12.  52
    Evidentialism and Theology: A Reply to Kaufman.Scott A. Shalkowski - 1992 - Faith and Philosophy 9 (2):249-258.
  13. LSA as a Measure of Coherence in Second Language Natural Discourse.Scott A. Crossley, Philip M. McCarthy, Thomas Salsbury & Danielle S. McNamara - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  14. In Good Faith: Questioning Religion and Atheism.Scott A. Shay - 2018 - New York: Post Hill Press.
    Prominent atheists claim the Bible is a racist text. Yet Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. read it daily. Then again, so did many ardent segregationists. Some atheists claim religion serves to oppress the masses. Yet the classic text of the French Revolution, What is the Third Estate?, was written by a priest. On the other hand, the revolutionaries ended up banning religion. What do we make of religion's confusing role in history? And what of religion's relationship to science? Some scientists (...)
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  15.  25
    A Brief History of the Changing Occupations and Demographics of Coleopterists From the 18th Through the 20th Century.Scott A. Elias - 2014 - Journal of the History of Biology 47 (2):1-30.
    Systematic entomology flourished as a branch of Natural History from the 1750s to the end of the nineteenth century. During this interval, the “era of Heroic Entomology,” the majority of workers in the field were dedicated amateurs. This article traces the demographic and occupational shifts in entomology through this 150-year interval and into the early twentieth century. The survey is based on entomologists who studied beetles (Coleoptera), and who named sufficient numbers of species to have their own names abbreviated by (...)
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  16.  66
    A Natural Law Based Environmental Ethic.Scott A. Davison - 2009 - Ethics and the Environment 14 (1):pp. 1-13.
    In his recent book Natural Law and Practical Rationality , Mark Murphy develops a sophisticated version of a natural law account of practical rationality. I shall show that with only a few minor changes, Murphy's account can be developed into an environmental ethic that generates human obligations to non-human animals, plants, and perhaps even ecosystems and machines. (I shall not discuss here the plausibility of this extension of Murphy's account, relative to competing accounts in environmental ethics; that discussion will have (...)
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  17.  33
    A Statistical Analysis of the Relationship Between Harmonic Surprise and Preference in Popular Music.Scott A. Miles, David S. Rosen & Norberto M. Grzywacz - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  18.  19
    Sex Differences in Music: A Female Advantage at Recognizing Familiar Melodies.Scott A. Miles, Robbin A. Miranda & Michael T. Ullman - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  19. A Plea for a Modal Realist Epistemology.Otavio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski - 2000 - Acta Analytica 15 (24):175--194.
    In this paper we examine Lewis's attempts to provide an epistemology of modality and we argue that he fails to provide an account that properly weds his metaphysics with an epistemology that explains the knowledge of modality that both he and his critics grant. We argue that neither the appeals to acceptable paraphrases of ordinary modal discourse nor parallels with Platonistic theories of mathematics suffice. We conclude that no proper epistemology for modal realism has been provided and that one is (...)
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  20. A Sonoran Afternoon: A Dialogue on Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness.Stuart R. Hameroff & A. C. Scott - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press.
    _Sonoran Desert, Stuart Hameroff and Alwyn Scott awoke from their_ _siestas to take margaritas in the shade of a ramada. On a nearby_ _table, a tape recorder had accidentally been left on and the following_ _is an unedited transcript of their conversation._.
     
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  21. Ether and Electrons in Relativity Theory.Scott A. Walter - 2018 - In Jaume Navarro (ed.), Ether and Modernity. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. pp. 67-87.
    This chapter discusses the roles of ether and electrons in relativity theory. One of the most radical moves made by Albert Einstein was to dismiss the ether from electrodynamics. His fellow physicists felt challenged by Einstein’s view, and they came up with a variety of responses, ranging from enthusiastic approval, to dismissive rejection. Among the naysayers were the electron theorists, who were unanimous in their affirmation of the ether, even if they agreed with other aspects of Einstein’s theory of relativity. (...)
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  22. Figures of Light in the Early History of Relativity (1905-1914).Scott A. Walter - 2018 - In David E. Rowe, Tilman Sauer & Scott A. Walter (eds.), Einstein Studies. New York, USA: Birkhäuser. pp. 3-50.
    Albert Einstein's bold assertion of the form-invariance of the equation of a spherical light wave with respect to inertial frames of reference became, in the space of six years, the preferred foundation of his theory of relativity. Early on, however, Einstein's universal light-sphere invariance was challenged on epistemological grounds by Henri Poincaré, who promoted an alternative demonstration of the foundations of relativity theory based on the notion of a light-ellipsoid. Drawing in part on archival sources, this paper shows how an (...)
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  23.  35
    Objectivity Versus Beneficence in a Death Row Evaluation.Scott A. Freeman - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (3):295-298.
  24.  61
    Moral Luck and the Flicker of Freedom.Scott A. Davison - 1999 - American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (3):241 - 251.
    I argue that a well-known argument concerning moral luck supports something like the Principle of Alternate Possibilities (PAP), despite the attacks on PAP by Harry Frankfurt and John Martin Fischer.
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  25.  39
    A Framework for Structural Constraints on Feature Creation.Scott A. Huettel & Gregory R. Lockhead - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):29-29.
    We address two major limitations of Schyns et al. First, we clarify their concept of “features” by postulating several levels for processing. The composition of the feature set at each level determines the set at the next higher level, following simple structural guidelines. Second, we show that our proposed framework reconciles feature-creation and fixed-feature approaches.
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  26. Fred I. Dretske, "Seeing and Knowing". [REVIEW]Scott A. Kleiner - 1972 - Theory and Decision 2 (3):291.
     
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  27. Michael Radner and Stephen Winokur , "Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume IV. Analyses of Theories and Methods of Physics and Psychology".Scott A. Kleiner - 1974 - Theory and Decision 4 (3/4):417.
  28.  85
    Coercion as Enforcement.Scott A. Anderson - unknown
    This essay provides a positive account of coercion that avoids significant difficulties that have confronted most other recent accounts. It enters this territory by noting a dispute over whether coercion has to manipulate the will of the coercee, or whether direct force inhibiting action (such as manhandling or imprisoning) is itself coercive. Though this dispute may at first seem a mere matter of taxonomic categorization, I argue that this dispute reflects an important divergence in thought about the nature of coercion. (...)
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  29.  12
    Scott A. Davison, On the Intrinsic Value of Everything, Continuum, 2012.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen - 2012 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  30.  12
    Deriving Rights to Liberty.Scott A. Boykin - 2018 - Libertarian Papers 10.
    : The rights to liberty championed by classical liberal and libertarian theorists may be supported as products of practical reason. The foundations for these rights rest initially on the idea that the separateness of persons is embedded in the circumstances of life that make justice a meaningful concept. We can discover the duties justice imposes […].
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  31.  71
    Fear, Cultural Anxiety, and Transformation: Horror, Science Fiction, and Fantasy Films Remade.Scott A. Lukas & John Marmysz (eds.) - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    This collection was inspired by the observation that film remakes offer us the opportunity to revisit important issues, stories, themes, and topics in a manner that is especially relevant and meaningful to contemporary audiences. Like mythic stories that are told again and again in differing ways, film remakes present us with updated perspectives on timeless ideas. While some remakes succeed and others fail aesthetically, they always say something about the culture in which_and for which_they are produced. Contributors explore the ways (...)
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  32.  35
    A Nexus Model of the Temporal–Parietal Junction.R. McKell Carter & Scott A. Huettel - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (7):328-336.
  33.  16
    Essay Review.Scott A. Kleiner - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (4):523-542.
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  34.  14
    La vérité en géométrie: sur le rejet mathématique de la doctrine conventionnaliste.Scott A. Walter - 1997 - Philosophia Scientiae 2 (3):103-135.
    The reception of Poincaré’s conventionalist doctrine of space by mathematicians is studied for the period 1891–1911. The opposing view of Riemann and Helmholtz, according to which the geometry of space is an empirical question, is shown to have swayed several geometers. This preference is considered in the context of changing views of the nature of space in theoretical physics, and with respect to structural and social changes within mathematics. Included in the latter evolution is the emergence of non-Euclidean geometry as (...)
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  35. Hypothetical and Inductive Heuristics.Scott A. Kleiner - 1990 - Philosophica 45 (1):77-113.
  36.  26
    Conventions, Cognitivism, and Necessity.Scott A. Shalkowski - 1996 - American Philosophical Quarterly 33 (4):375 - 392.
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  37. Atheological Apologetics.Scott A. Shalkowski - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (1):1 - 17.
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  38.  6
    Ontological and Terminological Commitment and the Methodological Commensurability of Theories.Scott A. Kleiner - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:507 - 518.
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  39.  7
    Breaking in the Four-Vectors: The Four-Dimensional Movement in Gravitation.Scott A. Walter - 2007 - In Jürgen Renn & Matthias Schemmel (eds.), The Genesis of General Relativity, Volume 3. Springer. pp. 193-252.
    The law of gravitational attraction is a window on three formal approaches to laws of nature based on Lorentz-invariance: Poincaré’s four-dimensional vector space (1906), Minkowski’s matrix calculus and spacetime geometry (1908), and Sommerfeld’s 4-vector algebra (1910). In virtue of a common appeal to 4-vectors for the characterization of gravitational attraction, these three contributions track the emergence and early development of four-dimensional physics.
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  40.  66
    Petitionary Prayer.Scott A. Davison - 2008 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    Traditional theists believe that there exists an all-knowing, all-powerful, perfectly loving, and perfectly good God. They also believe that God created the world, sustains it in being from moment to moment, and providentially guides all events, in accordance with a plan, towards a good ending. Historically, most traditional theists have believed that God sometimes answers prayers for particular things. In keeping with the literature on this subject, these prayers are referred to as ‘petitionary prayers’. This article discusses several problems related (...)
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  41. The Ethics of War.Scott A. Wildey - 2007 - In Laurie DiMauro (ed.), Ethics. Greenhaven Press.
     
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  42.  5
    A Review of “When School Reform Goes Wrong”. [REVIEW]Scott A. Morrison - 2010 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 46 (2):279-284.
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  43. Divine Providence and Human Freedom.Scott A. Davison - 1999 - In Michael Murray (ed.), Reason for the Hope Within. Eerdmans. pp. 217--237.
     
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  44.  3
    The Structure of Inquiry in Developmental Biology.Scott A. Kleiner - 1997 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 51:165-180.
  45.  7
    Implicit Attentional Orienting in a Target Detection Task with Central Cues.Scott A. Peterson & Tanja N. Gibson - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1532-1547.
    Studies using Posner’s spatial cueing paradigm have demonstrated that participants can allocate their attention to specific target locations based on the predictiveness of preceding cues. Four experiments were conducted to investigate attentional orienting processes operating in a high probability condition as compared to a low probability condition using various types of centrally-presented cues. Spatially-informative cues resulted in cueing effects for both probability conditions, with significantly larger CEs in the high probability conditions than the low probability conditions. Participants in the high (...)
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  46. Luck and Fairness in The Good Place.Scott A. Davison & Andrew R. Davison - 2020 - In Kimberly S. Engels (ed.), The Good Place and Philosophy: Everything is Forking Fine!
    The story of the show, The Good Place, begins with a common picture of what happens to us after we die. One of the key philosophical issues in the story involves how to assess correctly the moral goodness or badness of a person's life on Earth, since this is the basis of the judgment concerning their eternal destiny. Thomas Nagel claims that there are four kinds of “moral luck”: luck in the circumstances in which we find ourselves, luck with respect (...)
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  47.  19
    Vittorio Bufacchi , Social Injustice . Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Scott A. Anderson - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (4):259-263.
  48.  2
    Uncertain Belief: Is It Rational to Be a Christian?Scott A. Davison - 1998 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 43 (3):183-185.
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  49.  16
    Physicians, Mass Incarceration, and Medical Ethics.Scott A. Allen - 2008 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (3):260.
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  50.  14
    Intimacy and Parental Rights.Scott A. Altman - 2012 - In Marmor Andrei (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law. Routledge. pp. 305.
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