Results for 'Science Philosophy.'

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  1. The Logic in Philosophy of Science.Hans Halvorson - 2019 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Major figures of twentieth-century philosophy were enthralled by the revolution in formal logic, and many of their arguments are based on novel mathematical discoveries. Hilary Putnam claimed that the Löwenheim-Skølem theorem refutes the existence of an objective, observer-independent world; Bas van Fraassen claimed that arguments against empiricism in philosophy of science are ineffective against a semantic approach to scientific theories; W. V. O. Quine claimed that the distinction between analytic and synthetic truths is trivialized by the fact that any (...)
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  2.  79
    Philosophy of science at sea: Clarifying the interpretability of machine learning.Claus Beisbart & Tim Räz - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12830.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  3.  40
    How is philosophy in science possible?Michał Heller - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:231-249.
    The Michael Heller’s article entitled “How is philosophy in science possible?” was originally published in Polish in 1986 and then translated into English by Bartosz Brożek and Aeddan Shaw and published in 2011 in the collection of essays entitled Philosophy in Science. Methods and Applications. This seminal paper has founded further growth of the ‘philosophy in science’ and become the reference point in the methodological discussions, especially in Poland. On the 40th anniversary of Philosophical Problems in (...) we wanted to make this paper freely available to the international public by reprinting its English version. In this issue it is followed by two additional articles-commentaries. (shrink)
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  4.  44
    The National Science Foundation and philosophy of science's withdrawal from social concerns.Krist Vaesen & Joel Katzav - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 78 (C):73-82.
    At some point during the 1950s, mainstream American philosophy of science began increasingly to avoid questions about the role of non-cognitive values in science and, accordingly, increasingly to avoid active engagement with social, political and moral concerns. Such questions and engagement eventually ceased to be part of the mainstream. Here we show that the eventual dominance of 'value-free' philosophy of science can be attributed, at least in part, to the policies of the U.S. National Science Foundation's (...)
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  5.  13
    Philosophy and Cognitive Science.James H. Fetzer - 1991 - New York: Paragon House.
  6.  73
    Mach's philosophy of science.Mario Bunge - 1971 - [London]: Athlone Press of the University of London.
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  7. The visibility of philosophy of science in the sciences, 1980–2018.Mahdi Khelfaoui, Yves Gingras, Mael Lemoine & Thomas Pradeu - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):1-31.
    In this paper, we provide a macro level analysis of the visibility of philosophy of science in the sciences over the last four decades. Our quantitative analysis of publications and citations of philosophy of science papers, published in 17 main journals representing the discipline, contributes to the longstanding debate on the influence of philosophy of science on the sciences. It reveals the global structure of relationships that philosophy of science maintains with science, technology, engineering and (...)
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  8.  13
    Social Science, Philosophy and Theology in Dialogue: A Relational Perspective.Pierpaolo Donati & Antonio Malo (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    This volume explores the potential of employing a relational paradigm for the purposes of interdisciplinary exchange. Bringing together scholars from the social sciences, philosophy and theology, it seeks to bridge the gap between subject areas by focusing on real phenomena.Although these phenomena are studied by different disciplines, the editors demonstrate that it is also possible to study them from a common relational perspective that connects the different languages, theories and perspectives which characterize each discipline, by going beyond their differences to (...)
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  9. Philosophy in Science: Can philosophers of science permeate through science and produce scientific knowledge?Thomas Pradeu, Mael Lemoine, Mahdi Khelfaoui & Yves Gingras - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
  10.  87
    Teleology revisited and other essays in the philosophy and history of science.Ernest Nagel - 1979 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    Ernest Nagel, one of the world's leading philosophers of science, is an unreconstructed empirical rationalist who continues to believe that the logical methods of the modern natural sciences are the most successful instruments men have devised to acquire reliable knowledge. This book presents "Teleology Revisited"-the John Dewey lectures delivered at Columbia University- and eleven of Nagel's articles on the philosophy of science.
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  11.  13
    The Philosophy of Ecology: From Science to Synthesis.Lee Thayer (ed.) - 2000 - Wildside Press Llc.
    This is the first introductory anthology on the philosophy of ecology edited by an ecologist and a philosopher. It illustrates the range of philosophical approaches available to ecologists and provides a basis for understanding the thinking on which many of today's environmental ideas are founded. Collectively, these seminal readings make a powerful statement on the value of ecological knowledge and thinking in alleviating the many problems of modern industrial civilization. Issues covered include: the challenges of defining scientific ecology, tracing its (...)
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  12. What is General Philosophy of Science?Stathis Psillos - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):93-103.
    The very idea of a general philosophy of science relies on the assumption that there is this thing called science —as opposed to the various individual sciences. In this programmatic piece I make a case for the claim that general philosophy of science is the philosophy of science in general or science as such. Part of my narrative makes use of history, for two reasons. First, general philosophy of science is itself characterised by an (...)
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  13. Philosophy, Rhetoric and the End of Knowledge: The Coming of Science and Technology Studies.Steve Fuller - 1996 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 29 (2):200-205.
  14.  7
    A Tale of Seven Scientists and a New Philosophy of Science.Eric R. Scerri - 2016 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press USA.
    In his latest book, Eric Scerri presents a completely original account of the nature of scientific progress. It consists of a holistic and unified approach in which science is seen as a living and evolving single organism. Instead of scientific revolutions featuring exceptionally gifted individuals, Scerri argues that the "little people" contribute as much as the "heroes" of science. To do this he examines seven case studies of virtually unknown chemists and physicists in the early 20th century quest (...)
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  15.  35
    Can Philosophy be a Rigorous Science?Herman Philipse - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:155-176.
    It is difficult to imagine that a Royal Institute of Physics would organize an annual lecture series on the theme ‘conceptions of physics’. Similarly, it is quite improbable that a Royal Institute of Astronomy would even contemplate inviting speakers for a lecture series called ‘conceptions of astronomy’. What, then, is so special about philosophy that the theme of this lecture series does not appear to be altogether outlandish? Is it, perhaps, that philosophy is the reflective discipline par excellence, so that (...)
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  16.  7
    Philosophy and the 'Dazzling Ideal' of Science.Graham McFee - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    Recent decades have seen attacks on philosophy as an irrelevant field of inquiry when compared with science. In this book, Graham McFee defends the claims of philosophy against attempts to minimize either philosophy’s possibility or its importance by deploying a contrast with what Wittgenstein characterized as the “dazzling ideal” of science. This ‘dazzling ideal’ incorporates both the imagined completeness of scientific explanation—whereby completing its project would leave nothing unexplained—and the exceptionless character of the associated conception of causality. On (...)
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  17.  21
    Philosophy of Complex Systems (Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, vol. 10).Cliff Hooker (ed.) - 2011 - North Holland.
    The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and (...)
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  18. Philosophy of Social Science in a nutshell: from discourse to model and experiment.Michel Dubois & Denis Phan - 2007 - In Denis Phan & Phan Amblard (eds.), Agent Based Modelling and Simulations in the Human and Social Siences. Oxford: The Bardwell Press. pp. 393-431.
    The debates on the scientificity of social sciences in general, and sociology in particular, are recurring. From the original methodenstreitat the end the 19th Century to the contemporary controversy on the legitimacy of “regional epistemologies”, a same set of interrogations reappears. Are social sciences really scientific? And if so, are they sciences like other sciences? How should we conceive “research programs” Lakatos (1978) or “research traditions” for Laudan (1977) able to produce advancement of knowledge in the field of social and (...)
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  19.  16
    Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Problems, Perspectives, and Case Studies.Friedrich Stadler (ed.) - 2017 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This book features papers on the history and philosophy of science. It also includes related reviews of recent research literature on Rudolf Carnap, Eino Kaila, Ernst Mach, and Otto Neurath. The central idea behind this volume is that this distinctive field is both historical and philosophical at the same time. Good history and philosophy of science is not just history of science into which some philosophy of science may enter. On the other hand, it is neither (...)
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  20.  12
    On scientific representations: from Kant to a new philosophy of science.Giovanni Boniolo - 2007 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Scientific concepts, laws, theories, models and thought experiments are representations but uniquely different. In On Scientific Representation each is given a full philosophical exploration within an original, coherent philosophical framework that is strongly rooted in the Kantian tradition (Kant, Hertz, Vaihinger, Cassirer). Through a revisionist historical approach, Boniolo shows how the Kantian tradition can help us renew and rethink contemporary issues in epistemology and the philosophy of science.
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  21.  9
    Of Problematology: Philosophy, Science, and Language.Michel Meyer - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    Michel Meyer offers a new beginning for philosophy rooted in a theory of questioning that he calls "problematology." Meyer argues that a new beginning is necessary in order to resituate philosophy, science, and linguistic analysis, and he proposes a global view of rationality by returning to the nature of questioning itself. For Meyer, philosophy does not solve problems or give answers but instead shows how propositions are related to a whole field of questions that give them meaning. Reason is (...)
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  22. The Part of Cognitive Science That Is Philosophy.Daniel C. Dennett - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):231--236.
    There is much good work for philosophers to do in cognitive science if they adopt the constructive attitude that prevails in science, work toward testable hypotheses, and take on the task of clarifying the relationship between the scientific concepts and the everyday concepts with which we conduct our moral lives.
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  23.  11
    Science & religion in contemporary philosophy.Emile Boutroux & Jonathan Nield - 1909 - Port Washington, N.Y.,: Kennikat Press. Edited by Jonathan Nield.
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  24.  56
    Essays in science and philosophy.Alfred North Whitehead - 1947 - New York,: Greenwood Press.
    The first three chapters are personal history, highly picturesque and amusing, illumined by flashes of his lively humor....From here the chapters go on into Philosophy, Education, and Science. covering a span of thrity years though these writings do, they are surprizingly unified. Atlantic.
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  25.  51
    Science and philosophy in Aristotle's biological works.Anthony Preus - 1975 - New York: G. Olms.
  26.  5
    New Directions in the Philosophy of Science.M. C. Galavotti (ed.) - 2014 - Cham: Springer.
    This volume sheds light on still unexplored issues and raises new questions in the main areas addressed by the philosophy of science. Bringing together selected papers from three main events, the book presents the most advanced scientific results in the field and suggests innovative lines for further investigation. It explores how discussions on several notions of the philosophy of science can help different scientific disciplines in learning from each other. Finally, it focuses on the relationship between Cambridge and (...)
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  27.  27
    Readings in philosophy of science.Philip Paul Wiener - 1953 - New York,: Scribner.
  28.  99
    Philosophy of Science.Jeff Kochan & Hans Bernhard Schmid - 2011 - In Sebastian Luft & Søren Overgaard (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology. Routledge.
    This chapter briefly summarises work by four key figures in the phenomenological philosophy of science: Edmund Husserl; Martin Heidegger; Patrick Heelan; and Joseph J. Kockelmans. In addition, some comparison is made with well-known figures in mainstream philosophy of science, and suggestions are given for further readings in the phenomenological philosophy of science.
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  29.  47
    History and Philosophy of Science and the Teaching of Macroevolution.Kostas Kampourakis & Ross H. Nehm - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 401-421.
    Although macroevolution has been the subject of sustained attention in the history and philosophy of science (HPS) community, only in recent years have science educators begun to more fully engage with the topic. This chapter first explores how science educators have conceptualized macroevolution and how their perspectives align with the views from HPS. Second, it illustrates how science educators’ limited engagement with HPS scholarship on macroevolution has influenced construct delineation, measurement instrument development, and educational arguments about (...)
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  30.  18
    Science and the open society: the future of Karl Popper's philosophy.Mark Amadeus Notturno - 2000 - New York, N.Y.: Central European University Press.
    A Clearly argued and easy to read defense of Karl Popper's philosophy.
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  31.  12
    Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: revolutions in the history and philosophy of science.Friedel Weinert - 2008 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Note: Sections at a more advanced level are indicated by ∞. Preface ix Acknowledgments x Introduction 1 I Nicolaus Copernicus: The Loss of Centrality 3 1 Ptolemy and Copernicus 3 2 A Clash of Two Worldviews 4 2.1 The geocentric worldview 5 2.2 Aristotle’s cosmology 5 2.3 Ptolemy’s geocentrism 9 2.4 A philosophical aside: Outlook 14 2.5 Shaking the presuppositions: Some medieval developments 17 3 The Heliocentric Worldview 20 3.1 Nicolaus Copernicus 21 3.2 The explanation of the seasons 25 3.3 (...)
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  32.  16
    Marxism and Philosophy of Science.Valentin A. Bazhanov & Elena V. Kudryashova - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (3):211-217.
    This is a review of the book: Sheehan H. Marxism and the Philosophy of Science. A Critical History. The First Hundred Years. (L.: Verso, 2017. XII. 450 p.). The keynote of the book serves the conviction that Marxism is a sort of “super-theory” that can explain not only any social and political life, but also profound philosophy of science, including natural science. Science is presented in the book as a form of social practice. The main idea (...)
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  33.  16
    Routledge Handbook on the Philosophy and Science of Punishment.Farah Focquaert, Bruce Waller & Elizabeth Shaw (eds.) - 2020 - London: Routledge.
    Philosophers, legal scholars, criminologists, psychiatrists and psychologists have long asked important questions about punishment: What is its purpose? What theories helps us better understand its nature? Is punishment just? Are there effective alternatives to punishment? How can empirical data from the sciences help us better understand punishment? What are the relationships between punishment and our biology, psychology and social environment? How is punishment understood and administered differently in different societies? The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Science of Punishment (...)
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  34.  14
    The Birth of Philosophy of Science from the Spirit of Victorian Era.Ilya T. Kasavin - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):23-33.
    The Victorian era is a unique historical period of turbulent political, economic and social changes. These changes also touched upon science: the emergence of new theories and experimental data, new discoveries and inventions, the growth of the number of scientific societies, the debate about teaching methods in universities and the significance of science and scientists for the state laid the foundations for the institutional structure of the modern sciences. In addition, it is the Victorian era when a fundamentally (...)
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  35.  23
    Contextualism in philosophy of science.Vladimir N. Porus - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (2):75-93.
    The author discusses the possibility of spreading of the contextualism principles into the field of philosophy of science. He argues that, while discovering science in all of its aspects (viz. cultural, institutional, economic, communicative, etc.), philosophy of science identifies the relevant contexts for justifying the genesis, development, and reproduction of knowledge. Meanwhile, there is a complex interaction between philosophical and scientific analysis of these contexts. The author claims this process gives raise for a conflict which comes from (...)
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  36.  62
    Science, Philosophy and Physical Geography.Robert Inkpen - 2005 - Routledge.
    This accessible and engaging text explores the relationship between philosophy, science and physical geography. It addresses an imbalance that exists in opinion, teaching and to a lesser extent research, between a philosophically enriched human geography and a perceived philosophically ignorant physical geography. Science, Philosophy and Physical Geography , challenges the myth that there is a single self-evident scientific method, that can and is applied in a straightforward manner by physical geographers. It demonstrates the variety of alternative philosophical perspectives. (...)
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  37.  7
    The science fiction mythmakers: religion, science and philosophy in Wells, Clarke, Dick and Herbert.Jennifer Simkins - 2016 - Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers.
    This book considers the significance of this confluence through an examination of myths in the writings of H. G. Wells, Arthur C. Clarke, Philip K. Dick and Frank Herbert. Presenting fresh insights into their works, the author brings to light the tendency of science fiction narratives to reaffirm spiritual myths.
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  38.  48
    Modern Philosophy of Science.Wesley C. Salmon, Hans Reichenbach, Maria Reichenbach & Rudolf Carnap - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (3):409.
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  39.  27
    Philosophy of Science and the Kyoto School: An Introduction to Nishida Kitaro, Tanabe Hajime and Tosaka Jun by Dean Anthony Brink.Dennis Stromback - 2022 - Philosophy East and West 72 (1):1-4.
    There is certainly a lot of academic buzz these days around the relationship between Buddhism and physics. Of course, as we learned from Donald Lopez's famed book Buddhism and Science, there is a long history, beginning in the nineteenth century, to this proclamation that Buddhism is compatible with modern day science. Indeed, Dean Anthony Brink's book Philosophy of Science and the Kyoto School: An Introduction to Nishida Kitaro, Tanabe Hajime and Tosaka Jun is one of many contemporary (...)
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  40.  11
    Ethics, Science, and Democracy: The Philosophy of Abraham Edel.Irving Louis Horowitz & Horace Standish Thayer - 1987 - Routledge.
    This volume, modeled after those published in The Library of Living Philosophers, attempts to provide a coherent statement of the work of Abraham Edel in moral and political theory, and on the impact of his work on such diverse areas as education, law, and social science. The methodological element of Edel's work is to see ethical and social theory in the full context of human life; specifically how twentieth-century modes of analysis impact classical concerns about right and wrong, good (...)
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  41. Engineering philosophy of science: American pragmatism and logical empiricism in the 1930s.Alan W. Richardson - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S36-S47.
    This essay examines logical empiricism and American pragmatism, arguing that American philosophy's embrace of logical empiricism in the 1930s was not a turning away from Dewey's pragmatism. It places both movements within scientific philosophy and finds two key points on which they agreed: their revolutionary ambitions and their social engineering sensibility. The essay suggests that the disagreement over emotivism in ethics should be placed within the context of a larger issue on which the movements disagreed: demarcationism and imperialism.
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  42.  4
    The science of breath and the philosophy of the tattvas.Rāma Prasāda - 1894 - New York: The Path. Edited by G. R. S. Mead.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
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  43.  70
    What Science Means for Postmodernist Epistemology and the Philosophy of Education.Thaddeus Metz - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1397–1398.
    In my view, postmodernism, as a cluster of bold epistemological claims, foundered on the rocks of contemporary science. Many postmodern positions about knowledge have conflicted with views of science that are extraordinarily difficult to doubt, which in this short article (composed to honour Educational Philosophy and Theory's 50th anniversary), I point out and argue holds a lesson about how to undertake the philosophy of education.
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  44.  2
    Science and the Lebenswelt on Husserl’s Philosophy of Science.Jairo José da Silva - 2012 - Phainomenon 25 (1):83-107.
    I present and discuss in this paper Husserl’s investigation of the genesis of the modem conception of empirical reality as carried out in his last work The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. The goal of Husserl’s genetic investigation was to uncover the rnany layers of constitution that frorn the life-world (the Lebenswelt) the modem scientific conception of Nature was originated and to point out the need to ground the scientific project of rnodemity in the life-world so as to (...)
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  45.  6
    Religion, philosophy, and science: a sketch of a global view.Debi Prasad Chattopadhyaya - 2006 - Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Studies.
  46. A feminist naturalized philosophy of science.Lynn Hankinson Nelson - 1995 - Synthese 104 (3):399 - 421.
    Building on developments in feminist science scholarship and the philosophy of science, I advocate two methodological principles as elements of a naturalized philosophy of science. One principle incorporates a holistic account of evidence inclusive of claims and theories informed by and/or expressive of politics and non-constitutive values; the second takes communities, rather than individual scientists, to be the primary loci of scientific knowledge. I use case studies to demonstrate that these methodological principles satisfy three criteria for naturalization (...)
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  47.  27
    Philosophy of Science or Science and Technology Studies? Economic Methodology and Auction Theory.Ivan A. Boldyrev - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (3):289-307.
    This article addresses some recent tendencies in economic methodology defined as a philosophy of science for economics. I review the problem of normative/positive distinction in methodology and argue that normativity in its past forms is intolerable today but is, at the same time, indispensable for methodological inquiry. Using recent texts by Mirowski and Nik-Khah and by Alexandrova and Northcott on the applications of auction theory as a case study, I compare in more detail various approaches to economic methodology inspired (...)
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  48.  19
    Philosophy of Social Science.Alan Ross Anderson & Richard S. Rudner - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (3):378.
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  49.  73
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science * By R. COOPER.J. McMillan - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):195-197.
    "Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" explores conceptual issues in psychiatry from the perspective of analytic philosophy of science. Through an examination of those features of psychiatry that distinguish it from other sciences - for example, its contested subject matter, its particular modes of explanation, its multiple different theoretical frameworks, and its research links with big business - Rachel Cooper explores some of the many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry. She shows how these pose interesting (...)
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  50.  41
    A philosophy of science for personality theory.Joseph F. Rychlak - 1968 - Malabar, Fla.: Krieger Pub. Co..
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