Results for 'Science Philosophy'

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  1. Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science.Ian Hacking - 1983 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This 1983 book is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction (...)
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  2.  89
    Reading the Book of Nature: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Peter Kosso - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an introductory survey to the philosophy of science suitable for beginners and nonspecialists. Its point of departure is the question: why should we believe what science tells us about the world? In this attempt to justify the claims of science the book treats such topics as observation data, confirmation of theories, and the explanation of phenomena. The writing is clear and concrete with detailed examples drawn from contemporary science: solar neutrinos, the gravitational bending (...)
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  3. Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics.Nancy Cartwright, Jordi Cat, Lola Fleck & Thomas E. Uebel (eds.) - 1996 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    An international team of four authors, led by distinguished philosopher of science, Nancy Cartwright, and leading scholar of the Vienna Circle, Thomas E. Uebel, have produced this lucid and elegant study of a much-neglected figure. The book, which depicts Neurath's science in the political, economic and intellectual milieu in which it was practised, is divided into three sections: Neurath's biographical background and the socio-political context of his economic ideas; the development of his theory of science; and his (...)
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  4.  73
    Mach's philosophy of science.Mario Bunge - 1971 - [London]: Athlone Press of the University of London.
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  5.  31
    The Philosophy of Science. An Introduction.Michael Scriven & Stephen Toulmin - 1955 - Philosophical Review 64 (1):124.
  6. New Philosophy of Social Science.James Bohman - 1997 - Human Studies 20 (4):429-440.
    This article defends methodological and theoretical pluralism in the social sciences. While pluralistic, such a philosophy of social science is both pragmatic and normative. Only by facing the problems of such pluralism, including how to resolve the potential conflicts between various methods and theories, is it possible to discover appropriate criteria of adequacy for social scientific explanations and interpretations. So conceived, the social sciences do not give us fixed and universal features of the social world, but rather contribute (...)
     
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  7.  37
    Descartes Embodied: Reading Cartesian Philosophy Through Cartesian Science.Daniel Garber - 2000 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This volume collects some of the seminal essays on Descartes by Daniel Garber, one of the pre-eminent scholars of early-modern philosophy. A central theme unifying the volume is the interconnection between Descartes' philosophical and scientific interests, and the extent to which these two sides of the Cartesian program illuminate each other, a question rarely treated in the existing literature. Amongst the specific topics discussed in the essays are Descartes' celebrated method, his demand for certainty in the sciences, his account (...)
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  8. Space-Perception And The Philosophy Of Science.Patrick A. Heelan - 1983 - University Of California Press.
    00 Drawing on the phenomenological tradition in the philosophy of science and philosophy of nature, Patrick Heelan concludes that perception is a cognitive, ...
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  9.  37
    Adapting practice-based philosophy of science to teaching of science students.Sara Green, Hanne Andersen, Kristian Danielsen, Claus Emmeche, Christian Joas, Mikkel Willum Johansen, Caio Nagayoshi, Joeri Witteveen & Henrik Kragh Sørensen - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-18.
    The “practice turn” in philosophy of science has strengthened the connections between philosophy and scientific practice. Apart from reinvigorating philosophy of science, this also increases the relevance of philosophical research for science, society, and science education. In this paper, we reflect on our extensive experience with teaching mandatory philosophy of science courses to science students from a range of programs at University of Copenhagen. We highlight some of the lessons we (...)
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  10.  20
    Philosophy and science: the axes of evil in disability studies?S. Vehmas - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (1):21-23.
    In this review, I concentrate on analysing the response Tom Shakespeare’s Disability rights and wrongs has awoken in the disability studies community. I argue that the complicated relationship between politics and science is the underlying cause for many controversies in disability studies. The research field should regain its autonomy and scrutinise properly its ontological premises.The field of disability studies in the UK is in turmoil. During the past 10 years or so, there have been several debates that have revolved (...)
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  11. Naturalized philosophy of science with a plurality of methods.David Stump - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):456-460.
    Naturalism implies unity of method--an application of the methods of science to the methodology of science itself and to value theory. Epistemological naturalists have tried to find a privileged discipline to be the methodological model of philosophy of science and epistemology. However, since science itself is not unitary, the use of one science as a model amounts to a reduction and distorts the philosophy of science just as badly as traditional philosophy (...)
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  12.  40
    How is philosophy in science possible?Michał Heller - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:231-249.
    The Michael Heller’s article entitled “How is philosophy in science possible?” was originally published in Polish in 1986 and then translated into English by Bartosz Brożek and Aeddan Shaw and published in 2011 in the collection of essays entitled Philosophy in Science. Methods and Applications. This seminal paper has founded further growth of the ‘philosophy in science’ and become the reference point in the methodological discussions, especially in Poland. On the 40th anniversary of Philosophical (...)
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  13. Scientism: Philosophy and the Infatuation with Science.Tom Sorell - 1991 - New York: Routledge.
    First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
     
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  14.  16
    Thomas Kuhn's revolutions: a historical and an evolutionary philosophy of science?James A. Marcum - 2015 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
    An historical survey of Thomas Kuhn's 1962 The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, charting the development of this influential work throughout Kuhn's career and exploring the continuing impact of Kuhn on the philosophy of science.
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  15.  67
    Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy.Mazviita Chirimuuta - 2015 - Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press.
    Is color real or illusory, mind independent or mind dependent? Does seeing in color give us a true picture of external reality? The metaphysical debate over color has gone on at least since the seventeenth century. In this book, M. Chirimuuta draws on contemporary perceptual science to address these questions. Her account integrates historical philosophical debates, contemporary work in the philosophy of color, and recent findings in neuroscience and vision science to propose a novel theory of the (...)
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  16.  56
    Philosophy and Revolutions in Genetics: Deep Science and Deep Technology.Keekok Lee - 2003 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The last century saw two great revolutions in genetics the development of classic Mendelian theory and the discovery and investigation of DNA. Each fundamental scientific discovery in turn generated its own distinctive technology. These two case studies, examined in this text, enable the author to conduct a philosophical exploration of the relationship between fundamental scientific discoveries on the one hand, and the technologies that spring from them on the other. As such it is also an exercise in the philosophy (...)
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  17.  67
    Formal Methods in the Philosophy of Science.Leon Horsten & Igor Douven - 2008 - Studia Logica 89 (2):151-162.
    In this article, we reflect on the use of formal methods in the philosophy of science. These are taken to comprise not just methods from logic broadly conceived, but also from other formal disciplines such as probability theory, game theory, and graph theory. We explain how formal modelling in the philosophy of science can shed light on difficult problems in this domain.
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  18. The social organisation of science as a question for philosophy of science.Jaana Eigi - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Tartu
    Philosophy of science is showing an increasing interest in the social aspects and the social organisation of science—the ways social values and social interactions and structures play a role in the creation of knowledge and the ways this role should be taken into account in the organisation of science and science policy. My thesis explores a number of issues related to this theme. I argue that a prominent approach to the social organisation of science—Philip (...)
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  19.  83
    The nature of life: classical and contemporary perspectives from philosophy and science.Mark Bedau & Carol Cleland (eds.) - 2010 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Bringing together the latest scientific advances and some of the most enduring subtle philosophical puzzles and problems, this book collects original historical and contemporary sources to explore the wide range of issues surrounding the nature of life. Selections ranging from Aristotle and Descartes to Sagan and Dawkins are organised around four broad themes covering classical discussions of life, the origins and extent of natural life, contemporary artificial life creations and the definition and meaning of 'life' in its most general form. (...)
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  20. Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science: Scientific Realism and Commonsense.S. Clarke & T. D. Lyons (eds.) - 2010 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of thematically-connected essays edited by scholars based in Australia or New Zealand with special expertise in that particular area. In each volume, a majority ofthe contributors are from Australia or New Zealand. (...)
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  21.  57
    Toward a Pragmatist Philosophy of Science.Philip Kitcher - 2013 - Theoria 28 (2):185-231.
    This article attempts to describe new directions for the general philosophy of science. In the opening section, I take stock of the current situation. The second and third parts explore science as a social enterprise, conceived first as the collective search for knowledge, and then as an institution within society.
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  22. Natural Philosophy and the Sciences: Challenging Science’s Tunnel Vision.Arran Gare - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):33.
    Prior to the nineteenth century, those who are now regarded as scientists were referred to as natural philosophers. With empiricism, science was claimed to be a superior form of knowledge to philosophy, and natural philosophy was marginalized. This claim for science was challenged by defenders of natural philosophy, and this debate has continued up to the present. The vast majority of mainstream scientists are comfortable in the belief that through applying the scientific method, knowledge will (...)
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  23.  19
    Philosophy of Social Science.Alan Ross Anderson & Richard S. Rudner - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (3):378.
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  24.  13
    Social Science, Philosophy and Theology in Dialogue: A Relational Perspective.Pierpaolo Donati & Antonio Malo (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    This volume explores the potential of employing a relational paradigm for the purposes of interdisciplinary exchange. Bringing together scholars from the social sciences, philosophy and theology, it seeks to bridge the gap between subject areas by focusing on real phenomena.Although these phenomena are studied by different disciplines, the editors demonstrate that it is also possible to study them from a common relational perspective that connects the different languages, theories and perspectives which characterize each discipline, by going beyond their differences (...)
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  25.  38
    Logic, methodology, and philosophy of science.Ernest Nagel (ed.) - 1962 - Stanford, Calif.,: Stanford University Press.
  26.  32
    Philosophy of Science and Information.Ioannis Votsis - 2016 - In Luciano Floridi (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information. Routledge.
    Of all the sub-disciplines of philosophy, the philosophy of science has perhaps the most privileged relationship to information theory. This relationship has been forged through a common interest in themes like induction, probability, confirmation, simplicity, non-ad hocness, unification and, more generally, ontology. It also has historical roots. One of the founders of algorithmic information theory, Ray Solomonoff, produced his seminal work on inductive inference as a direct result of grappling with problems first encountered as a student of (...)
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  27.  63
    Science, philosophy, and politics in the work of J. B. S. Haldane, 1922–1937.Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):385-409.
    This paper analyzes the interaction between science, philosophy and politics (including ideology) in the early work of J. B. S. Haldane (from 1922 to 1937). This period is particularly important, not only because it is the period of Haldane's most significant biological work (both in biochemistry and genetics), but also because it is during this period that his philosophical and political views underwent their most significant transformation. His philosophical stance first changed from a radical organicism to a position (...)
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  28.  49
    Towards a Social Philosophy of Science: Russian Prospects.Ilya Kasavin - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (1):1-15.
    Philosophy of science as a scholarly discipline exists today side by side with other disciplines within an interdisciplinary framework of the history and philosophy of science or science and technology studies. The rationale for this “joint venture” is commonly seen in the division of labor. The history of science focuses on the rise and development of scientific theories in the past; the sociology of science deals with science as a social institution; the (...)
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  29. Science, Knowledge, and Mind: A Study in the Philosophy of C. S. Peirce.C. F. Delaney - 1993 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 29 (3):457-462.
     
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  30.  11
    The Science and Philosophy of the Organism.E. G. Spaulding - 1909 - Philosophical Review 18 (1):63.
  31.  5
    Kant and Philosophy of Science Today.Michela Massimi (ed.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    What good is Kant's philosophy for current philosophy of science? There has been an increasing interest in Kant and philosophy of science in the past twenty years. Through the reconstruction of a variety of Kantian legacies in the development of nineteenth and twentieth century physics and mathematics, this edited volume explores the relevance that Kant's philosophy still has for current debates in philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of (...)
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  32. The Implications for Science Education of Heidegger’s Philosophy of Science.Robert Shaw - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (5):546-570.
    Science teaching always engages a philosophy of science. This article introduces a modern philosophy of science and indicates its implications for science education. The hermeneutic philosophy of science is the tradition of Kant, Heidegger, and Heelan. Essential to this tradition are two concepts of truth, truth as correspondence and truth as disclosure. It is these concepts that enable access to science in and of itself. Modern science forces aspects of reality (...)
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  33.  66
    Kant on Proper Science: Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus postumum.Hein van den Berg - 2014 - Dordrecht: Springer Science + Business Media.
    Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus postumum Hein van den Berg. Parts of Chap. 2 have been previously published in Hein van den Berg (2011), “ Kant's Conception of Proper Science.” Synthese 183 (1): 7–26. Parts of Chap.
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  34.  34
    Pierre Gassendi's Philosophy And Science: Atomism for Empiricists.Saul Fisher - 2005 - Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
    This look at Gassendi’s philosophy and science illuminates his contributions to early modern thought and to the broader history of philosophy of science. Two keys to his thought are his novel picture of acquiring and judging empirical belief, and his liberal account of criteria for counting empirical beliefs as parts of warranted physical theories. By viewing his philosophical and scientific pursuits as part of one and the same project, Gassendi’s arguments on behalf of atomism can be (...)
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  35.  17
    How Philosophy of Science Can Unlock New Methods in Bioethics.Mark Fedyk - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):51-53.
    Blumenthal-Barby and colleagues (2022) argue that philosophy continues to be relevant to bioethics. To support their argument, they offer several examples of how—not philosophy, exactly—but normati...
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  36. Philosophy and meta-philosophy of science: Empiricism, popperianism and realism.C. A. Hooker - 1975 - Synthese 32 (1-2):177 - 231.
    An explicit philosophy and meta-philosophy of positivism, empiricism and popperianism is provided. Early popperianism is argued to be essentially a form of empiricism, the deviations from empiricism are traced. In contrast, the meta-philosophy and philosophy of an evolutionary naturalistic realism is developed and it is shown how the maximal conflict of this doctrine with all forms of empiricism at the meta-philosophical level both accounts for the form of its development at the philosophical level and its defense (...)
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  37.  47
    Philosophy of Science and the Curse of the Case Study.Adrian Currie - 2015 - In Christopher Daly (ed.), Palgrave Handbook on Philosophical Methods. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 553-572.
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  38.  45
    Postmodernism and philosophy of science: A critical engagement.Raphael Sassower - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (4):426-445.
    This essay examines critically two related claims: first, that postmodernism and philosophy of science depend on each other in a manner similar to the Enlightenment and Romanticism, that is, they respond and dispute each other's claims; and second, that what underlies and emanates from both postmodernism and philosophy of science is a political perspective and commitment. These claims suggest not only the possibility of translating from one area to the other when they are critically engaged with (...)
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  39.  4
    Philosophy in Sport Made Science in Earnest: Being an Attempt to Illustrate the First Principles of Natural Philosophy by the Aid of the Popular Toys and Sports.John Ayrton Paris & George Cruikshank - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Ayrton Paris, writer and physician, became a member of the Linnean Society in 1810, and served as president of the Royal College of Physicians from 1844 until his death. Intended for children and originally composed for the author's family, this three-volume work about science was first published in 1827. Dedicated to the writer Maria Edgeworth and with illustrations by George Cruikshank, it aims 'to blend amusement with instruction', since youth, as Paris writes, 'is naturally addicted to amusement'. Topics (...)
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  40.  11
    Philosophy as a Science: Its Matter and Its Method.Roger W. Holmes - 1942 - Philosophical Review 51 (6):621.
  41.  4
    The Philosophy of Science: A Systematic Account.Jaegwon Kim - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (3):396.
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  42.  2
    Philosophy of Science.Anthony O'Hear (ed.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is based on the lectures given in The Royal Institute of Philosophy's annual lecture series in London for 2005–6. In it leading figures in the philosophy of science focus on key topics in the subject: realism, natural kinds, scientific progress, the confirmation of theories and the notion of simplicity in theory evaluation, the use of models in science and the relation of physics and metaphysics. There are also discussions of action at a distance, of (...)
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  43.  52
    Engineering Philosophy of Science: American Pragmatism and Logical Empiricism in the 1930s.Alan W. Richardson - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S36-S47.
    This essay examines logical empiricism and American pragmatism, arguing that American philosophy's embrace of logical empiricism in the 1930s was not a turning away from Dewey's pragmatism. It places both movements within scientific philosophy and finds two key points on which they agreed: their revolutionary ambitions and their social engineering sensibility. The essay suggests that the disagreement over emotivism in ethics should be placed within the context of a larger issue on which the movements disagreed: demarcationism and imperialism.
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  44.  17
    An introduction to the philosophy of science.David William Theobald - 1968 - London,: Methuen.
  45.  22
    Keeping Philosophy in Mind: Shadworth H. Hodgson's Articulation of the Boundaries of Philosophy and Science.Thomas W. Staley - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (2):289-315.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Keeping Philosophy in Mind:Shadworth H. Hodgson's Articulation of the Boundaries of Philosophy and ScienceThomas W. StaleyIntroductionShadworth H. Hodgson's (1832–1912) contributions to Victorian intellectual discourse have faded from prominence over the past century. However, despite his current anonymity, Hodgson's case is important to an understanding of the historical split between philosophy and science in late nineteenth century Britain. In particular, his example illuminates the specific role (...)
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  46.  8
    History of Philosophy of Science: New Trends and Perspectives. Vienna Circle Institute yearbook (9).Michael Heidelberger & Friedrich Stadler (eds.) - 2002 - Springer.
    This volume includes recent contributions to the philosophy of science from a historical point of view and of the highest topicality: the range of the topics covers all fields in the philosophy of the science provided by authors from around the world focusing on ancient, modern and contemporary periods in the development of the science philosophy. This proceedings is for the scientific community and students at graduate level as well as postdocs in this interdisciplinary (...)
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  47.  16
    Philosophy, science and analysis: essays dedicated to the memory of Sibajiban Bhattacharya.Sibajiban Bhattacharyya, Dikshit Gupta & Dilip K. Basu (eds.) - 2015 - New Delhi: New Delhi Publishers.
    Sibajiban Bhattacharyya, Indian philosopher; contributed articles.
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  48.  4
    Causality in science and philosophy.Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya - 1969 - Calcutta,: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
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  49.  3
    Natural law in science and philosophy.Emile Boutroux & Fred Rothwell - 1914 - New York,: The Macmillan company. Edited by Fred Rothwell.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.This work is in the public domain in (...)
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  50.  39
    Using History and Philosophy of Science to Promote Students’ Argumentation.Pablo Antonio Archila - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (9-10):1201-1226.
    This article describes the effect of a teaching–learning sequence based on the discovery of oxygen in promoting students’ argumentation. It examines the written and oral arguments produced by 63 high school students in France during a complete TLS supervised by the same teacher. The data used in this analysis was derived from students’ written responses, audio and video recordings, and written field notes. The first goal of this investigation was to provide evidence that an approach combining history and philosophy (...)
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