Results for 'Science Early works to 1800.'

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  1.  28
    Philosophical anthropology, ethics, and love: Toward a new religion and science dialogue.Christian Early - 2017 - Zygon 52 (3):847-863.
    Religion and science dialogues that orbit around rational method, knowledge, and truth are often, though not always, contentious. In this article, I suggest a different cluster of gravitational points around which religion and science dialogues might usefully travel: philosophical anthropology, ethics, and love. I propose seeing morality as a natural outgrowth of the human desire to establish and maintain social bonds so as not to experience the condition of being alone. Humans, of all animals, need to feel loved—defined (...)
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  2. Science in Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology: from the early work to the later philosophy.Komarine Romdenh-Romluc - 2018 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), Oxford Handbook of the History of Phenomenology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  20
    Ilkka Niiniluoto Carnap on truth.I. Carnap'S. Early Work - 2003 - In Thomas Bonk (ed.), Language, Truth and Knowledge: Contributions to the Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 2--1.
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  4.  11
    Lavoisier's Early Work in Science 1763-1771 (II).A. Meldrum - 1934 - Isis 20 (2):396-425.
    My chief purpose, in the remaining part of this paper, is to study LAVOISIER'S work upon the Nature of Water in itself and in its bearing on opinion in the eighteenth century: to show how it arose, how it was carried on, how it was published and how it was received.
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  5.  35
    What works to address prejudice? Look to developmental science research for the answer.Melanie Killen, Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Aline Hitti & Adam Rutland - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (6):439.
    Developmental perspectives on prejudice provide a fundamental and important key to the puzzle for determining how to address prejudice. Research with historically disadvantaged and advantaged groups in childhood and adolescence reveals the complexity of social cognitive and moral judgments about prejudice, discrimination, bias, and exclusion. Children are aware of status and hierarchies, and often reject the status quo. Intervention, to be effective, must happen early in development, before prejudice and stereotypes are deeply entrenched.
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  6. Principal works: The themes of affirmation and illusion in The birth of tragedy and beyond / Daniel Came ; 'Holding on to the sublime' : on Nietzsche's early 'unfashinable' project / Keith Ansell-Pearson ; The gay science / Christopher Janaway ; Zarathustra : 'that malicious Dionysian' / Gudrun von Tevenar ; Beyond good and evil / Maudemarie Clark and David Dudrick ; Nietzsche's Genealogy / Richard Schacht ; Nietzsche's Antichrist / Dylan Jaggard ; Beholding Nietzsche : Ecce homo, fate, and freedom.Christa Davis Acampora - 2013 - In Ken Gemes & John Richardson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  3
    Sasojŏl.Tŏng-mu Yi (ed.) - 1841 - Sŏul-si: Yanghyŏng̕ak.
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  8. Felix Klein’s early contributions to anschauliche Geometrie.David E. Rowe - 2024 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 78 (4):401-477.
    Between 1873 and 1876, Felix Klein published a series of papers that he later placed under the rubric anschauliche Geometrie in the second volume of his collected works (1922). The present study attempts not only to follow the course of this work, but also to place it in a larger historical context. Methodologically, Klein’s approach had roots in Poncelet’s principle of continuity, though the more immediate influences on him came from his teachers, Plücker and Clebsch. In the 1860s, Clebsch (...)
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  9.  25
    Early responses to Avery et al.'s paper on DNA as hereditary material.U. Deichmann - 2004 - Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 34 (2):207-232.
    Avery’s et al. ’s 1944 paper provides the first direct evidence of DNA having gene-like properties and marks the beginning of a new phase in early molecular genetics (with a strong focus on chemistry and DNA). The study of its reception shows that on the whole, Avery’s results were immediately appreciated and motivated new research on transformation, the chemical nature of DNA’s biological specificity and bacteria genetics. It shows, too, that initial problems of transferring transformation to other systems and (...)
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  10. The critical philosophy renewed: The bridge between Hermann Cohen's early work on Kant and later philosophy of science.Lydia Patton - 2005 - Angelaki 10 (1):109 – 118.
    German supporters of the Kantian philosophy in the late 19th century took one of two forks in the road: the fork leading to Baden, and the Southwest School of neo-Kantian philosophy, and the fork leading to Marburg, and the Marburg School, founded by Hermann Cohen. Between 1876, when Cohen came to Marburg, and 1918, the year of Cohen's death, Cohen, with his Marburg School, had a profound influence on German academia.
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  11.  16
    Deconstructive Empiricism: Science and Metaphor in Derrida's Early Work.Jeremy Butman - 2019 - Derrida Today 12 (2):115-129.
    The work of Jacques Derrida is often characterized as anti-scientific, and his philosophy of language taken to mean we are sealed off from empirical reality, confined to our metaphysical prison. This position is reinforced by the fact that his forerunners, Heidegger and Nietzsche, did diminish the importance of the sciences, and argued that we are enclosed within the limits of language. Today, philosophy continues to deconstruct the nature/culture distinction, and challenge the meaning of materialism, but in recent decades has realized (...)
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  12.  51
    Review of Raison et déraison d'État. Théoriciens et theories de la raison d'État aux XVIe et XVIIe siécles sous la direction de Yves Charles Zarka Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1994 pp. 436, 248 FF. ISBN 9-782130-461616; Beverly C. Southgate: 'Covetous of Truth': The Life and Work of Thomas White, 1593-1676 Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. 189 pp. £60.00 ISBN 0-7923-1926-5; George Dicker: Descartes: An Analytical and Historical Introduction Oxford University Press, 1993 £14.95 pbk. ISBN 0-19-507590-0; Theo Verbeek: Descartes and the Dutch: Early Reactions to Cartesian Philosophy, 1637-1650. Carbondale and Edwardsville, Southern Illinois University Press, 1992, x + 168 pp. $30.00 ISBN 0-8093-1617-X; David Berman: George Berkeley: Idealism and the Man Oxford University Press, 1994. £27.50 ISBN 0-19-826746-0; Joseph Mali: The Rehabilitation of Myth: Vico's New Science Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. pp. xv + 275. £35.00 ISBN 0-521-41952-2; R. C. Solomon. [REVIEW]Luc Foisneau, John Brooke, Katherine Morris, Desmond Clarke & John Stephens - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (2):441-472.
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  13.  61
    From Formalism to Psychology: Metaphilosophical Shifts in Wilfrid Sellars’s Early Works.Peter Olen - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):24-63.
    When discussing Wilfrid Sellars’s philosophy, very little work has been done to offer a developmental account of his systematic views. More often than not, Sellars’s complex views are presented in a systematic and holistic fashion that ignores any periodization of his work. I argue that there is a metaphilosophical shift in Sellars’s early philosophy that results in substantive changes to his conception of language, linguistic rules, and normativity. Specifically, I claim that Sellars’s shift from a formalist metaphilosophy to one (...)
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  14.  10
    Barbara Cassin: Sophistical Reading.Paul Earlie - 2022 - Diacritics 50 (1):4-31.
    Abstract:Although best known to English-speaking readers as the general editor of the Dictionary of Untranslatables, the work of French philologist and philosopher Barbara Cassin is eclectic, encompassing literary studies, ancient philosophy, rhetoric, translation theory, psychoanalysis, politics, and more. From Presocratic philosophy to more recent reflections on Big Tech and democracy, Cassin's work is rooted in "sophistics," an approach that emphasizes the primacy of language in shaping our interactions with the world. Situating this sophistical approach vis-à-vis classical philology (Bollack) and the (...)
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  15.  4
    Derrida and the legacy of psychoanalysis.Paul Earlie - 2021 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a detailed account of the importance of psychoanalysis in Derrida's thought. Based on close readings of texts from the whole of his career, including less well-known and previously unpublished material, it sheds new light on the crucial role of psychoanalysis in shaping Derrida's response to a number of key questions. These questions range from the psyche's relationship to technology to the role of fiction and metaphor in scientific discourse, from the relationship between memory and the archive to (...)
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  16.  5
    Cognitive Science and the New Testament: A New Approach to Early Christian Research.István Czachesz - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Over the last few decades, our knowledge of how the human mind and brain works increased dramatically. The field of cognitive science enables us to understand religious traditions, rituals, and visionary experiences in novel ways. This has implications for the study of the New Testament and early Christianity. How people in the ancient Mediterranean world remembered sayings and stories, what they experienced when participating in rituals, how they thought about magic and miracle, and how they felt and (...)
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  17.  7
    Complex continued fractions: early work of the brothers Adolf and Julius Hurwitz.Jörn J. Steuding & Nicola M. R. Oswald - 2014 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 68 (4):499-528.
    The two brothers Julius and Adolf Hurwitz were born in the middle of the nineteenth century in a small town near Hanover (not far from Göttingen). Already during their schooldays, the two of them became acquainted with mathematical problems and both started to study mathematics, but while the younger brother Adolf turned out to be extremely successful in his research, the elder brother and his work seem to be almost forgotten. This paper examines the lives and works of the (...)
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  18.  37
    The role of experiment in Galileo's early work on the law of fall.R. H. Naylor - 1980 - Annals of Science 37 (4):363-378.
    Beginning with an overview of Galileo's earliest work on free fall, the paper examines the relationship between experiment and theory in his study of motion in the period immediately before and after 1604. The possible role of experiment is assessed in relation to the manuscript evidence and by means of reconstructed experiments.
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  19.  9
    Science and philosophy in early modern Europe: The historiographical significance of the work of Charles B. Schmitt.Brian P. Copenhaver - 1987 - Annals of Science 44 (5):507-517.
    In his many contributions to the history of science and the history of philosophy, the late Charles Schmitt demonstrated the interdependence of these two spheres of thought in early modern Europe. Schmitt was particularly insistent on a large and positive role for Aristotelian philosophy in the development of early modern science.
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  20.  16
    Early Voltaic Batteries: an Evaluation in Modern Units and Application to the Work of Davy and Faraday.Allan A. Mills - 2003 - Annals of Science 60 (4):373-398.
    Classic voltaic batteries of the silver/zinc and copper/zinc types are the ancestors of today's primary cells, and facilitated the development of many aspects of electrical technology. Nevertheless, they appear never to have been studied and evaluated in a quantitative manner, with results recorded in terms of volts, amps, ohms, and watts. Research of this nature is reported here, and has been conducted for the most part with copper/zinc cells. Log–log graphs of voltage versus load and current, and power versus load, (...)
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  21.  41
    Pantheism and Ontology In Wittgenstein’s Early Work.Newton Garver - 1971 - Idealistic Studies 1 (3):269-277.
    In reading the Tractatus, one gets the impression that Wittgenstein, having resolved to his satisfaction the problems about language, logic, science, and mathematics, sets these painstakingly articulated findings in a disproportionately skimpy setting. There is a perfunctory ontology at the beginning, which is highly original as well as austere and perplexing; and at the end he hurries even more than usual through ethics, aesthetics and religion—as if the silence was already coming upon him, prematurely. The Notebooks 1914–1916 help a (...)
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  22.  23
    The Ethics of Courage: Volume 2: From Early Modernity to the Global Age.Jacques M. Chevalier - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    This two-volume work examines far-reaching debates on the concept of courage from Greek antiquity to the Christian and mediaeval periods, as well as the modern era. Volume 1 explains how competing accounts of epistêmê, rational wisdom, and truth dominated classical antiquity. Early Christian and mediaeval thinkers, in contrast, favoured fortitude founded on faith and fear of God over philosophical reasoning left to its own devices. Volume 2 turns to theories of courage from the early modern period to the (...)
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  23.  85
    Science, Culture, and Philosophy: The Relation between Human, All Too Human and Nietzsche's Early Thought.Vinod Acharya - 2015 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 7 (1):18-28.
    The goal of this article is to trace the transformations in Nietzsche's early thinking that led to the ideas published in Human, All Too Human, the first book of his mature philosophy. In contrast to his early works, in which he sides with art and philosophy in criticizing the scientific culture of his time, Nietzsche, in Human, All Too Human, hails the methodology of science as a way to overcome the metaphysical delusions of philosophy, art, and (...)
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  24.  14
    Prolegomena to any future metaphysics that will be able to present itself as a science: with two early reviews of the Critique of pure reason.Immanuel Kant - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Günter Zöller & Peter G. Lucas.
    This accessible and practical edition of Kant's best introduction to his own work is designed especially for students. Assuming no prior knowledge of the Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, esteemed scholar Gunter Zoller provides an extensive introduction that covers Kant's life, the origin and reception of the Prolegomena, the organization of the work, its principal arguments, and its philosophical significance. Detailed notes, a chronology, a glossary, an annotated bibliography, and two reviews of the Critique of Pure Reason--which establishes the specific (...)
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  25.  13
    The Early Wittgenstein on Metaphysics, Natural Science, Language and Value.Chon Tejedor - 2014 - New York: Routledge.
    This book advances a reading of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus that moves beyond the main interpretative options of the New Wittgenstein debate. It covers Wittgenstein’s approach to language and logic, as well as other areas unduly neglected in the literature, such as his treatment of metaphysics, the natural sciences and value. Tejedor re-contextualises Wittgenstein’s thinking in these areas, plotting its evolution in his diaries, correspondence and pre- Tractatus texts, and developing a fuller picture of its intellectual background. This broadening of the angle (...)
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  26.  13
    Early Philosophical Works: Translated and Edited by Margaret Jourdain.Denis Diderot & Margaret Jourdain - 2015 - Forgotten Books.
    Excerpt from Early Philosophical Works: Translated and Edited by Margaret Jourdain A Complete survey of the life and works of Diderot - whom Voltaire called Pantophile - is not attempted here, for the list of the topics he handled would be a very long one, including as it does various departments of art and science and speculation. The Letter on the Blind (the most interesting of his early works), however, shows him in two lights (...)
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  27.  29
    The Early Great Debate: A Comment on Ibn Al-Haytham‘s Work on the Location of the Milky Way with Respect to the Earth.Andreas Eckart - 2018 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 28 (1):1-30.
    RésuméAu tout début du dernier millénaire, Ibn al-Haytham contribua de façon importante à la recherche sur la Voie lactée. Les seuls trois témoins actuellement connus de son traité sur la localisation de la Voie lactée seront ici comparés et discutés. La comparaison entre ces témoins, d'une part et la traduction allemande de ce traité, faite en 1906 par E. Wiedemann, d'autre part, révèle plusieurs différences, ce qui nous a incité à proposer une nouvelle traduction critique du texte transmis. Nous donnons (...)
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  28.  56
    Social cognition, mindreading and narratives. A cognitive semiotics perspective on narrative practices from early mindreading to Autism Spectrum Disorder.Claudio Paolucci - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):375-400.
    Understanding social cognition referring to narratives without relying on mindreading skills has been the main aim of the Narrative Practice Hypothesis proposed by Daniel Hutto and Shaun Gallagher. In this paper, I offer a semiotic reformulation of the NPH, expanding the notion of narrative beyond its conventional common-sense understanding and claiming that the kind of social cognition that operates in implicit false belief task competency is developed out of the narrative logic of interaction. I will try to show how experience (...)
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  29.  62
    Science, philosophy, and politics in the work of J. B. S. Haldane, 1922–1937.Sahotra Sarkar - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):385-409.
    This paper analyzes the interaction between science, philosophy and politics (including ideology) in the early work of J. B. S. Haldane (from 1922 to 1937). This period is particularly important, not only because it is the period of Haldane's most significant biological work (both in biochemistry and genetics), but also because it is during this period that his philosophical and political views underwent their most significant transformation. His philosophical stance first changed from a radical organicism to a position (...)
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  30.  13
    Exploring the Limits of Preclassical Mechanics: A Study of Conceptual Development in Early Modern Science: Free Fall and Compounded Motion in the Work of Descartes, Galileo and Beeckman.Peter Damerow, Gideon Freudenthal, Peter McLaughlin & Jürgen Renn - 2011 - Springer.
    The question of when and how the basic concepts that characterize modern science arose in Western Europe has long been central to the history of science. This book examines the transition from Renaissance engineering and philosophy of nature to classical mechanics oriented on the central concept of velocity. For this new edition, the authors include a new discussion of the doctrine of proportions, an analysis of the role of traditional statics in the construction of Descartes' impact rules, and (...)
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  31. An introduction to the science of psychic condensate phase of Patanjali: Patanjali's thoughts re-looked in the light of emerging quantum science.Prabhakar Adsule - 1998 - Indore: Sudha Kiran. Edited by Patañjali.
  32.  13
    The work of ice: glacial theory and scientific culture in early Victorian Edinburgh I am particularly grateful to Professor Charles Withers, who supervised the masters thesis on which this paper is based. Dr Michael Taylors insightful comments on a shorter version of this paper are acknowledged with thanks. I am also grateful for the incisive suggestions, made by three anonymous referees, on an earlier draft. Further, I acknowledge with gratitude the help of the archivists in the Mitchell Library, Glasgow, the National Library of Scotland and the libraries of the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh. [REVIEW]Diarmid A. Finnegan - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (1):29-52.
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  33.  17
    A Science of Hope? Tracing Emergent Entanglements between the Biology of Early Life Adversity, Trauma-informed Care, and Restorative Justice.Martha Kenney & Ruth Müller - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (6):1230-1260.
    The biology of early life adversity explores how social experiences early in life affect physical and psychological health and well-being throughout the life course. In our previous work, we argued that narratives emerging from and about this research field tend to focus on harm and lasting damage with little discussion of reversibility and resilience. However, as the Science and Technology Studies literature has demonstrated, scientific research can be actively taken up and transformed as it moves through social (...)
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  34. Hume’s Optimism and Williams’s Pessimism From ‘Science of Man’ to Genealogical Critique.Paul Russell - 2018 - In Sophie Grace Chappell & Marcel van Ackeren (eds.), Ethics Beyond the Limits: New Essays on Bernard Williams' Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 37-52.
    Bernard Williams is widely recognized as belonging among the greatest and most influential moral philosophers of the twentieth-century – and arguably the greatest British moral philosopher of the late twentieth-century. His various contributions over a period of nearly half a century changed the course of the subject and challenged many of its deepest assumptions and prejudices. There are, nevertheless, a number of respects in which the interpretation of his work is neither easy nor straightforward. One reason for this is that (...)
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  35.  17
    ‘We have come to be destroyed’: The ‘extraordinary’ child in science fiction cinema in early Cold War Britain.Laura Tisdall - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (5):8-31.
    Depictions of children in British science fiction and horror films in the early 1960s introduced a new but dominant trope: the ‘extraordinary’ child. Extraordinary children, I suggest, are disturbing because they violate expected developmental norms, drawing on discourses from both the ‘psy’ sciences and early neuroscience. This post-war trope has been considered by film and literature scholars in the past five years, but this existing work tends to present the extraordinary child as an American phenomenon, and links (...)
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  36.  8
    The work of ice: glacial theory and scientific culture in early Victorian Edinburgh.Diarmid Finnegan - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (1):29-52.
    Edinburgh has long been recognized as one important place where early glacial theory was promoted and debated. This paper, rather than attend to the longer-term development of glacial theory, focuses on the ways in which the theory was assessed, disseminated and received in and through the scientific culture of early Victorian Edinburgh. Edinburgh's scientific and educational societies, science journals, newspapers and field sites are brought to view through examining their engagement with, and use of, early glacial (...)
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  37.  32
    Teaching Ethical Reasoning.G. Fletcher Linder, Allison J. Ames, William J. Hawk, Lori K. Pyle, Keston H. Fulcher & Christian E. Early - 2019 - Teaching Ethics 19 (2):147-170.
    This article presents evidence supporting the claim that ethical reasoning is a skill that can be taught and assessed. We propose a working definition of ethical reasoning as 1) the ability to identify, analyze, and weigh moral aspects of a particular situation, and 2) to make decisions that are informed and warranted by the moral investigation. The evidence consists of a description of an ethical reasoning education program—Ethical Reasoning in Action —designed to increase ethical reasoning skills in a variety of (...)
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  38. Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - Harmondsworth,: Penguin Books. Edited by C. B. Macpherson.
    v. 1. Editorial introduction -- v. 2. The English and Latin texts (i) -- v. 3. The English and Latin texts (ii).
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  39.  6
    The improvement of the mind, or, A supplement to the art of logic: containing a variety of remarks and rules for the attainment and communication of useful knowledge in religion, in the sciences, and in common life ; to which is added, a discourse on the education of children and youth.Isaac Watts - 1833 - Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria Publications.
    This is the sequel to Logic. A disciplined mind is one of the most conspicuously missing things in our society. This book can help alleviate that malady. The subtitle of this book is, "Communication of useful knowledge in religion, in the sciences, and in common life." This is a lithograph of an 1833 edition printed in London which also contains "A Discourse on the Education of Children and Youth.".
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  40.  51
    Early Greek political thought from Homer to the sophists.Michael Gagarin & Paul Woodruff (eds.) - 1995 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    This edition of early Greek writings on social and political issues includes works by more than thirty authors. There is a particular emphasis on the sophists, with the inclusion of all of their significant surviving texts, and the works of Alcidamas, Antisthenes and the 'Old Oligarch' are also represented. In addition there are excerpts from early poets such as Homer, Hesiod and Solon, the three great tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, the historians Herodotus and Thucydides, medical (...)
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  41.  18
    The Epistemic Imperialism of Science. Reinvigorating Early Critiques of Scientism.Lucas B. Mazur - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Positivism has had a tremendous impact on the development of the social sciences over the past two centuries. It has deeply influenced method and theory, and has seeped deeply into our broader understandings of the nature of the social sciences. Postmodernism has attempted to loosen the grip of positivism on our thinking, and while it has not been without its successes, postmodernism has worked more to deconstruct positivism than to construct something new in its place. Psychologists today perennially wrestle to (...)
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  42.  8
    Custom; an essay on social codes.Ferdinand Tönnies - 1961 - [New York]: Free Press of Glencoe.
    Excerpt from Custom an Essay on Social Codes Still a professor extraordinarius and thus not en cumbered with the time-consuming duties of an Ordinarius (a full professor), T onnies was living in the small town of Eutin, about an hour's ride on the train to Kiel, the seat of his university, and engaged in a prolific literary and scholarly pro duction on a great variety of theoretical as well as practical sociological, political and economic prob lems. Most of his articles (...)
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  43.  24
    Scientific Breeding in Central Europe during the Early Nineteenth Century: Background to Mendel’s Later Work.Roger J. Wood & Vítězslav Orel - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):239-272.
    Efforts to bring science into early 19th century breeding practices in Central Europe, organised from Brno, the Hapsburg city in which Mendel would later turn breeding experiments into a body of timeless theory, are here considered as a significant prelude to the great discovery. During those years prior to Mendel's arrival in Brno, enlightened breeders were seeking ways to regulate the process of heredity, which they viewed as a force to be controlled. Many were specialising in sheep breeding (...)
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  44. Mindware: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Cognitive Science.Andy Clark - 2001 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Mindware: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Cognitive Science invites readers to join in up-to-the-minute conceptual discussions of the fundamental issues, problems, and opportunities in cognitive science. Written by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, this vivid and engaging introductory text relates the story of the search for a cognitive scientific understanding of mind. This search is presented as a no-holds-barred journey from early work in artificial intelligence, through connectionist (artificial neural network) counter-visions, and (...)
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  45. Popular science as knowledge: early modern Iberian-American repertorios de los tiempos.S. Orozco-Echeverri - 2023 - Galilaeana 20 (1):34-61.
    Iberian repertorios de los tiempos stemmed from Medieval almanacs and calendars. During the sixteenth century significant editorial, conceptual and material changes in repertorios incorporated astronomy, geography, chronology and natural philosophy. From De Li’s Repertorio (1492) to Zamorano’s Cronología (1585), the genre evolved from simple almanacs to more complex cosmological works which circulated throughout the Iberian-American world. This article claims that repertorios are a form of syncretic knowledge rather than “popular science” by relying on the concept of “knowledge in (...)
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  46.  21
    The political works of James Harrington.James Harrington - 1977 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by J. G. A. Pocock.
    James Harrington (1611-77) was a pioneer in applying the methods of Machiavelli and other civic humanists to English political society and its landed structure. In the century after his death, his ideas were adapted to become an important ingredient in the vocabulary of both English and American political opposition to the methods of Hanoverian parliamentary monarchy. There has been no complete edition of Harrington's writings since 1771, or of Oceana, his best-known work, since 1924. This is a modernised edition, and (...)
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  47.  32
    The Science of Shallow Waters: Connecting and Classifying the Early Modern Atlantic.Christopher L. Pastore - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):122-129.
    Histories of ocean science have emphasized the ways that state-sponsored deep-sea expeditions ushered in a new age of oceanic understanding during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. This essay, on the other hand, examines the ways that shallow waters played host to less formal but nevertheless important efforts to create oceanic natural knowledge, often centuries earlier. By documenting the legends and experiences of people who worked on and lived by the ocean—divers, sailors, and fishermen, among others—and corroborating (...)
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  48.  26
    Monism: science, philosophy, religion, and the history of a worldview.Todd H. Weir (ed.) - 2012 - New York, N.Y.: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This groundbreaking volume casts light on the long shadow of naturalistic monism in modern thought and culture. When monism's philosophical proposition - the unity of all matter and thought in a single, universal substance - fused with scientific empiricism and Darwinism in the mid-nineteenth century, it led to the formation of a powerful worldview articulated in the work of figures such as Ernst Haeckel. The compelling essays collected here, written by leading international scholars, investigate the articulation of monism in (...), philosophy, and religion and its impact on a range of social movements, from socialism and early feminism to imperialism and eugenics. The result is a broad and comprehensive chronological, disciplinary, and geographic map of a century of monism, as well as a bellwether for innovative new directions in the interdisciplinary study of science, religion, philosophy, and culture. (shrink)
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  49.  23
    Science by Nobel committee: decision making and norms of scientific practice in the early physics and chemistry prizes.Gustav Källstrand - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Science 55 (2):187-205.
    This paper examines the early years of decision making in the award of the Nobel Prize in physics and chemistry, and shows how the prize became a tool in the boundary work which upheld the social demarcations between scientists and inventors, as well as promoting a particular normative view of individual scientific achievement. The Nobel committees were charged with rewarding scientific achievements that benefited humankind: their interpretation of that criterion, however, turned in the first instance on their assessment of (...)
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  50.  1
    On the Tacit Governance of Research by Uncertainty: How Early Stage Researchers Contribute to the Governance of Life Science Research.Lisa Sigl - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (3):347-374.
    The experience of uncertainties in exploring the unknown—and dealing with them—is a key characteristic of what it means to be a life science researcher, but we have only started to understand how this characteristic shapes cultures of knowledge production, particularly in times when other—more social—uncertainties enter the field. Although the lab studies tradition has explored the workings of epistemic uncertainties, the range of potent uncertainty experiences in research cultures has been broadened within the neoliberal reorganization of academic institutions. Most (...)
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