14 found
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  1. Abduction as a Logic and Methodology of Discovery: The Importance of Strategies. [REVIEW]Sami Paavola - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):267-283.
    There are various ``classical'' arguments against abduction as a logic of discovery,especially that (1) abduction is too weak a mode of inference to be of any use, and (2) in basic formulation of abduction the hypothesisis already presupposed to be known, so it is not the way hypotheses are discovered in the first place. In this paper I argue, by bringing forth the idea of strategies,that these counter-arguments are weaker than may appear. The concept of strategies suggests, inter alia, that (...)
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  2.  76
    Hansonian and Harmanian Abduction as Models of Discovery.Sami Paavola - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):93 – 108.
    In this article, I compare two varieties of abduction as reconstructive models for analysing discovery. The first is 'Hansonian abduction', which is based on N. R. Hanson's formulations of abduction. The other is 'Harmanian abduction', the Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) model, formulated especially by Gilbert Harman. Peter Lipton has analysed processes of discovery on the basis of his developed form of Harmanian abduction. I argue that Hansonian abduction would, however, be a more apt model for this purpose. As (...)
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  3.  40
    Peircean Abduction: Instinct or Inference?Sami Paavola - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (153 - 1/4):131-154.
  4.  65
    Three Abductive Solutions to the Meno Paradox – with Instinct, Inference, and Distributed Cognition.Sami Paavola & Kai Hakkarainen - 2005 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 24 (3-4):235-253.
    This article analyzes three approaches to resolving the classical Meno paradox, or its variant, the learning paradox, emphasizing Charles S. Peirce’s notion of abduction. Abduction provides a way of dissecting those processes where something new, or conceptually more complex than before, is discovered or learned. In its basic form, abduction is a “weak” form of inference, i.e., it gives only tentative suggestions for further investigation. But it is not too weak if various sources of clues and restrictions on the abductive (...)
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  5.  34
    The Knowledge Creation Metaphor – An Emergent Epistemological Approach to Learning.Sami Paavola & Kai Hakkarainen - 2005 - Science & Education 14 (6):535-557.
  6.  25
    Diagrams, Iconicity, and Abductive Discovery.Sami Paavola - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (186):297-314.
    In this article, the role of abductive reasoning within Peirce's diagrammatic reasoning is discussed. Both abduction and diagrammatic reasoning bring in elements of discovery but it is not clear if abduction should be a part of a fully developed diagrammatic system or not for Peirce. This relates to Peirce's way of interpreting abduction in his later writings. Iconicity and perceptual elements as a basis for discoveries are analyzed, both in deductive and abductive reasoning. At the end, the role of modern (...)
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  7.  12
    Abduction with Dialogical and Trialogical Means.Sami Paavola, Kai Hakkarainen & Matti Sintonen - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (2):137-150.
    In this paper we maintain that abductive inferential processes should be embedded to a more general outlook on human cognition. Abduction has clear a.nities to the so-called interrogative model of inquiry in which inquiry and reasoning are conceptualized as a dialogue. We think, in addition, that dialogicality must be broadened to a “trialogical” framework which means a threefold relationship with mediating artefacts where the inquirer, other inquirers , and the object of knowledge are inextricably bound up with each other in (...)
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  8.  43
    From Habituality to Change: Contribution of Activity Theory and Pragmatism to Practice Theories.Reijo Miettinen, Sami Paavola & Pasi Pohjola - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (3):345-360.
    The new social theories of practice have been inspired by Wittgenstein's late philosophy, phenomenology and more recent sociological theories. They regard embodied skills and routinized, mostly unconscious habits as a key foundation of human practice and knowledge. This position leads to an overstatement of the significance of the habitual dimension of practice. As several critics have suggested this approach omits the problems of transformative agency and change of practices. In turn classical practice theories, activity theory and pragmatism have analyzed the (...)
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  9.  30
    A Digital Companion to C.S. Peirce.Mats Bergman, Sami Paavola & João Queiroz - 2014 - The Commens Working Papers: Preprints, Research Reports and Scientific Communications.
    The Commens Papers (http://www.commens.org/papers) publishes preprints, reports, and communications that deal with the philosophy, scientific contributions, and life of C. S. Peirce. The Commens Papers are primarily meant for scholarly products that lack other means of publication, but which the author wishes to bring to the attention of the research community. The papers must meet editorial approval, but they are not fully peer reviewed. -/- The Commens Papers accepts a broad variety of intellectual products in various formats, including: Conference papers, (...)
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  10.  7
    Abduction in Cognition and Action: Logical Reasoning, Scientific Inquiry, and Social Practice.John R. Shook & Sami Paavola (eds.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This book gathers together novel essays on the state-of-the-art research into the logic and practice of abduction. In many ways, abduction has become established and essential to several fields, such as logic, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, philosophy of science, and methodology. In recent years this interest in abduction’s many aspects and functions has accelerated. There are evidently several different interpretations and uses for abduction. Many fundamental questions on abduction remain open. How is abduction manifested in human cognition and intelligence? What (...)
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  11.  24
    Lorenzo Magnani: Abductive Cognition. The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning. [REVIEW]Sami Paavola - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):201-205.
  12. Abduktivistinen salapoliisimetodologia-esimerkkinään Semmelweisin lapsivuodekuumetutkimukset.Sami Paavola - 1998 - Ajatus 55:211-239.
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  13.  2
    Lorenzo Magnani: Abductive Cognition. The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning: Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 2009, 534 Pp., 160.45 €, ISBN 978-3-642-03630-9. [REVIEW]Sami Paavola - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):201-205.
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  14.  35
    Abduction Through Grammar, Critic, and Methodeutic.Sami Paavola - 2004 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 40 (2):245 - 270.