22 found
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  1.  25
    Hypothesizing from introspections: A model for the role of mental entities in psychological explanation.Sam S. Rakover - 1983 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 13 (2):211–230.
  2.  31
    AI and consciousness.Sam S. Rakover - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-2.
  3. In defense of memory viewed as stored mental representation.Sam S. Rakover - 1983 - Behaviorism 11 (April):53-62.
    The present paper develops a defense for the representational approach to memory which wilcox and Katz believe leads to logical paradoxes. It is suggested that three of the central arguments of Wilcox and Katz make sense when one ascribes to the representational theory a "human-like" model, rather is based. the fourth major argument of Wilcox and Katz, which in the present article had been labelled the "eliminative' argument, has been shown to confuse ontological assuptions with logical considerations.
     
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  4.  12
    The Paradox of Fiction: A Proposal for a Solution Based on the Information-Processing Approach.Sam S. Rakover - 2023 - Philosophy and Literature 46 (2):301-311.
    Abstract:The paradox of fiction deals with the following question: how is it possible to react emotionally to a fictive image? After a discussion of two important solutions to the paradox, I present an outline of my solution. The "real/fictional information-processing" theory proposes that all kinds of stimuli (real or fictive) are undergoing information processing by the cognitive system. Each stimulus consists of bundle of particular stimuli (for example, a cat) and certain indicators that specify whether it is real or fictitious. (...)
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  5.  26
    Scientific rules of the game and the mind/body: A critique based on the theory of measurement.Sam S. Rakover - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (11):52-57.
  6.  22
    The place of consciousness in the information processing approach: The mental-pool thought experiment.Sam S. Rakover - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):537-538.
    Velmans (1991a; 1991b) proposed that consciousness plays a minor explanatory role in the information processing approach and that unconscious mechanisms process stimuli and responses and intervene between them. In contrast, the present commentary describes a thought experiment suggesting that, although input information is initially processed unconsciously, subsequent processing involves consciousness, and consciousness plays an important role in the explanation of behavior.
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  7.  58
    A plea for methodological dualism and multi-explanation framework in psychology.Sam S. Rakover - 2011 - Behavior and Philosophy 39:17-43.
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  8.  17
    Avoidance theory: The nature of innate responses and their interaction with acquired responses.Sam S. Rakover - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):752.
  9.  40
    Consciousness explained?: A commentary on Dennett's Consciousness Explained.Sam S. Rakover - 1994 - International Studies in Philosophy 26 (2):97-99.
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  10.  53
    Experimental psychology and Duhem's problem.Sam S. Rakover - 2003 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (1):45–66.
    The paper proposes a practical answer to Duhem's problem within the framework of experimental psychology. First, this problem is briefly discussed; second, two studies in psychology are presented illustrating how theories are tested. Thirdly, based on the foregoing, an approach called the “Empirical Reasoning” is developed and justified. It is shown that the ER approach can successfully cope with Duhem's problem. Finally, the ER approach and the Error Statistics approach of Mayo are critically compared with regard to Duhem's problem.
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  11.  2
    How to Explain Behavior: A Critical Review and New Approach.Sam S. Rakover - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    In this book, Sam S. Rakover provides an explanation of human behavior and the behavior of animals, such as monkeys, dogs, and cats.
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  12.  16
    Individual trauma and national response to external threat: The case of Israel.Sam S. Rakover & A. Yaniv - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (3):217-220.
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  13.  15
    Incommensurability: The scaling of mind-body theories as a counter example.Sam S. Rakover - 1989 - Behaviorism 17 (2):103-118.
    An opponent thesis to that of incommensurability—the commensurability approach—is proposed. The new thesis is based on the delineation of an empirical comparative metatheory for comparing theories of different paradigms. The method of multidimensional scaling together with the proximity-predictability hypothesis instantiate and substantiate this metatheory. The scaling of mind body theories, and the confirmation of certain predictions derived from MDS and the PP hypothesis concerning the relations that exist among these theories, are brought as actual examples supporting the present paper's approach.
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  14.  10
    Latent avoidance learning: Positive transfer from barpress to shuttle avoidance and vice versa.Sam S. Rakover - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (4):286-289.
  15.  12
    Learning without awareness: What counts as an appropriate test of learning and of awareness.Sam S. Rakover - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):417-418.
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  16.  30
    One or two different sets of laws of learning—Is this an empirical question?Sam S. Rakover - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (1):41-43.
  17.  40
    Outflanking the mind-body problem: Scientific progress in the history of psychology.Sam S. Rakover - 1992 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (2):145–173.
  18.  55
    Psychology as an Associational Science: A Methodological Viewpoint.Sam S. Rakover - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):143-152.
    Unlike the sciences (physics), psychology has not developed in any of its areas (such as perception, learning, cognition) a top-theory like Newtonian theory, the theory of relativity, or quantum theory in physics. This difference is explained by a methodological discrepancy between the sciences and psychology, which centers on the measurement procedure: in psychology, measurement units similar to those in physics have not been discovered. Based on the arguments supporting this claim, a methodological distinction is made between the sciences and psychology (...)
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  19.  10
    Serial learning and filled and unfilled delay intervals: Effects of informative feedback contingencies.Sam S. Rakover & Malka Maon - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (2):87-88.
  20.  29
    Theories of mind: Some methodological/conceptual problems and an alternative approach.Sam S. Rakover - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):73-74.
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  21.  16
    Tallying the “tally argument”: What next?Sam S. Rakover - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):727-729.
  22.  6
    Understanding Human Conduct: The Innate and Acquired Meaning of Life.Sam S. Rakover - 2021 - Lexington Books.
    Understanding Human Conduct: The Innate and Acquired Meaning of Life develops the Consciousness-Meaning (CM) model, which aims to explain why most human beings are able to lead a meaningful life without undergoing an existentialist life crisis.
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