Results for 'Sam Alma'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Thomas Hobbes and Thomas White on Identity and Discontinuous Existence.Han Thomas Adriaenssen & Sam Alma - 2021 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 102 (3):429-454.
    Is it possible for an individual that has gone out of being to come back into being again? The English Aristotelian, Thomas White, argued that it is not. Thomas Hobbes disagreed, and used the case of the Ship of Theseus to argue that individuals that have gone out of being may come back into being again. This paper provides the first systematic account of their arguments. It is doubtful that Hobbes has a consistent case against White. Still his criticism may (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Michel Foucault: El alma es la prisión del cuerpo.N'Dré Sam Beugré - 2024 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Teórica y Práctica 4 (1):63-81.
    En este artículo, se examinará la visión de Foucault del cuerpo y el surgimiento del cuerpo como un elemento indispensable del poder político. Por lo tanto, se discutirá cómo se objetiva la organización en períodos de poder disciplinario y regulatorio. En el contexto de la regulación del poder, trataremos de mostrar qué dinámica básica corresponde el alma, que es la prisión del cuerpo, al poder y al cuerpo. En ambos períodos, vemos que el poder elige el cuerpo como espacio. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  8
    Levinas and the Cinema of Redemption: Time, Ethics, and the Feminine / Sam B. Girgus.Sam B. Girgus - 2010 - Columbia University Press.
    Introduction : time, film, and the ethical vision of Emmanuel Levinas. American transcendence : Levinas and a short history of an American idea in film -- Frank Capra and James Stewart : time, transcendence, and the other -- The changing face of American redemption : Henry Fonda, Marilyn Monroe, Paul Newman, and Denzel Washington -- Sex, art, and Oedipus : The unbearable lightness of being -- Fellini and La dolce vita : documentary, decadence, and desire -- Antonioni and L'avventura : (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  16
    The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values.Sam Harris - 2010 - New York: Free Press.
    Bestselling author Sam Harris dismantles the most common justification for religious faith-that a moral system cannot be based on science.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   73 citations  
  5. Teaching & Learning Guide for: ‘Border Disputes: Recent Debates along the Perception–Cognition Border’.Sam Clarke & Jacob Beck - 2023 - Philosophy Compass 18 (10):e12949.
  6. Free will.Sam Harris - 2012 - New York: Free Press.
    In this enlightening book, Sam Harris argues that free will is an illusion but that this truth should not undermine morality or diminish the importance of social and political freedom; indeed, this truth can and should change the way we think about some of the most important questions in life.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   57 citations  
  7. Bad Question!Sam Berstler - 2023 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 51 (4):413-449.
    Philosophy &Public Affairs, Volume 51, Issue 4, Page 413-449, Fall 2023.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  37
    Owning land versus governing a land: Property, sovereignty, and nationalism: Sam Fleischacker.Sam Fleischacker - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):373-403.
    This essay attempts to clarify the distinction between property and sovereignty, and to bring out the importance of that distinction to a liberal nationalism. Beginning with common intuitions about what distinguishes our rights to our possessions from the state's rightful governance over us, it proceeds to explore some historical sources of these intuitions, and the importance of a sharp distinction between ownership and governance to the rise of liberalism. From here, the essay moves into an exploration of group ownership, and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Dogmatism & Inquiry.Sam Carter & John Hawthorne - forthcoming - Mind.
    Inquiry aims at knowledge. Your inquiry into a question succeeds just in case you come to know the answer. However, combined with a common picture on which misleading evidence can lead knowledge to be lost, this view threatens to recommend a novel form of dogmatism. At least in some cases, individuals who know the answer to a question appear required to avoid evidence bearing on it. In this paper, we’ll aim to do two things. First, we’ll present an argument for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10. Curricular Aspects of the Fogarty Bioethics International Training Programs.Sam Garner, Amal Matar, J. Millum, B. Sina & H. Silverman - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 9 (2):12-23.
    The curriculum design, faculty characteristics, and experience of implementing masters' level international research ethics training programs supported by the Fogarty International Center was investigated. Multiple pedagogical approaches were employed to adapt to the learning needs of the trainees. While no generally agreed set of core competencies exists for advanced research ethics training, more than 75% of the curricula examined included international issues in research ethics, responsible conduct of research, human rights, philosophical foundations of research ethics, and research regulation and ethical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  11.  37
    Moral landscape: how science can determine human values.Sam Harris - 2011 - New York: Free Press.
    Sam Harris dismantles the most common justification for religious faith--that a moral system cannot be based on science.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  12.  2
    Begegungen mit Alma von Stockhausen: Festschrift der Freunde, Mitarbeiter, und Schüler zum 70. Geburtstag der Philosophin.Alma von Stockhausen & Tadeusz Guz (eds.) - 1997 - Weilheim-Bierbronnen: G.-Siewerth-Akademie.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Abstract Entities.Sam Cowling - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    Think of a number, any number, or properties like fragility and humanity. These and other abstract entities are radically different from concrete entities like electrons and elbows. While concrete entities are located in space and time, have causes and effects, and are known through empirical means, abstract entities like meanings and possibilities are remarkably different. They seem to be immutable and imperceptible and to exist "outside" of space and time. This book provides a comprehensive critical assessment of the problems raised (...)
  14.  1
    Phänomenologie des Scheins: die Seinsweise der gesellschaftlichen Scheinformen.Miklós Almási - 1977 - Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  47
    Misunderstanding in Clinical Research: Distinguishing Therapeutic Misconception, Therapeutic Misestimation, & Therapeutic Optimism.Sam Horng & Christine Grady - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (1):11.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  16. The number sense represents (rational) numbers.Sam Clarke & Jacob Beck - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44:1-57.
    On a now orthodox view, humans and many other animals possess a “number sense,” or approximate number system, that represents number. Recently, this orthodox view has been subject to numerous critiques that question whether the ANS genuinely represents number. We distinguish three lines of critique – the arguments from congruency, confounds, and imprecision – and show that none succeed. We then provide positive reasons to think that the ANS genuinely represents numbers, and not just non-numerical confounds or exotic substitutes for (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  17.  34
    The mathematics of novelty: Badiou's minimalist metaphysics.Sam Gillespie - 2008 - Melbourne: Re.Press.
    Sam Gillespie's The Mathematics of Novelty presents a new account of Alain Badiou and Gilles Deleuze, identifying conceptual impasses in their philosophical ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  18. How Mathematics Can Make a Difference.Sam Baron, Mark Colyvan & David Ripley - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    Standard approaches to counterfactuals in the philosophy of explanation are geared toward causal explanation. We show how to extend the counterfactual theory of explanation to non-causal cases, involving extra-mathematical explanation: the explanation of physical facts by mathematical facts. Using a structural equation framework, we model impossible perturbations to mathematics and the resulting differences made to physical explananda in two important cases of extra-mathematical explanation. We address some objections to our approach.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  19.  30
    Beyond the Octopus: From General Intelligence Toward a Human-Like Mind.Sam S. Adams & Steve Burbeck - 2012 - In Pei Wang & Ben Goertzel (eds.), Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence. Springer. pp. 49--65.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20. Panpsychism and Neutral Monism: How to make up One's Mind.Sam Coleman - 2016 - In Jaskolla Brüntrup (ed.), Panpsychism. Oxford University Press.
  21. The normality of error.Sam Carter & Simon Goldstein - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (8):2509-2533.
    Formal models of appearance and reality have proved fruitful for investigating structural properties of perceptual knowledge. This paper applies the same approach to epistemic justification. Our central goal is to give a simple account of The Preface, in which justified belief fails to agglomerate. Following recent work by a number of authors, we understand knowledge in terms of normality. An agent knows p iff p is true throughout all relevant normal worlds. To model The Preface, we appeal to the normality (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  22. Beyond the icon: Core cognition and the bounds of perception.Sam Clarke - 2022 - Mind and Language 37 (1):94-113.
    This paper refines a controversial proposal: that core systems belong to a perceptual kind, marked out by the format of its representational outputs. Following Susan Carey, this proposal has been understood in terms of core representations having an iconic format, like certain paradigmatically perceptual outputs. I argue that they don’t, but suggest that the proposal may be better formulated in terms of a broader analogue format type. Formulated in this way, the proposal accommodates the existence of genuine icons in perception, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  23. Joint action goals reduce visuomotor interference effects from a partner’s incongruent actions.Sam Clarke, Luke McEllin, Anna Francová, Marcell Székely, Stephen Andrew Butterfill & John Michael - 2019 - Scientific Reports 9 (1).
    Joint actions often require agents to track others’ actions while planning and executing physically incongruent actions of their own. Previous research has indicated that this can lead to visuomotor interference effects when it occurs outside of joint action. How is this avoided or overcome in joint actions? We hypothesized that when joint action partners represent their actions as interrelated components of a plan to bring about a joint action goal, each partner’s movements need not be represented in relation to distinct, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  24. Increased gamma-band synchrony precedes switching of conscious perceptual objects in binocular rivalry.Sam M. Doesburg, Keiichi Kitajo & Lawrence M. Ward - 2005 - Neuroreport 16 (11):1139-1142.
  25.  16
    The Value of Categorical Polythetic Diagnoses in Psychiatry.Sam Fellowes - 2022 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 73 (4):941-963.
    Some critics argue that the types of psychiatric diagnosis found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and International Classification of Disease are superfluous and should be abandoned. These are known as categorical polythetic psychiatric diagnoses. To receive a categorical polythetic psychiatric diagnosis an individual need only exhibit some, rather than all, of the symptoms on the diagnostic criteria. Consequently, categorical polythetic psychiatric diagnoses only associate an individual with a range of symptoms rather than specify which symptoms they (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26. Names.Sam Cumming - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  27. Cognitive penetration and informational encapsulation: Have we been failing the module?Sam Clarke - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (8):2599-2620.
    Jerry Fodor deemed informational encapsulation ‘the essence’ of a system’s modularity and argued that human perceptual processing comprises modular systems, thus construed. Nowadays, his conclusion is widely challenged. Often, this is because experimental work is seen to somehow demonstrate the cognitive penetrability of perceptual processing, where this is assumed to conflict with the informational encapsulation of perceptual systems. Here, I deny the conflict, proposing that cognitive penetration need not have any straightforward bearing on the conjecture that perceptual processing is composed (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  28.  99
    Food sovereignty as decolonization: some contributions from Indigenous movements to food system and development politics.Sam Grey & Raj Patel - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):431-444.
    The popularity of ‘food sovereignty’ to cover a range of positions, interventions, and struggles within the food system is testament, above all, to the term’s adaptability. Food sovereignty is centrally, though not exclusively, about groups of people making their own decisions about the food system—it is a way of talking about a theoretically-informed food systems practice. Since people are different, we should expect decisions about food sovereignty to be different in different contexts, albeit consonant with a core set of principles. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  29. Border Disputes: Recent Debates along the Perception–Cognition Border.Sam Clarke & Jacob Beck - 2023 - Philosophy Compass 18 (8):e12936.
    The distinction between perception and cognition frames countless debates in philosophy and cognitive science. But what, if anything, does this distinction actually amount to? In this introductory article, we summarize recent work on this question. We first briefly consider the possibility that a perception-cognition border should be eliminated from our scientific ontology, and then introduce and critically examine five positive approaches to marking a perception–cognition border, framed in terms of phenomenology, revisability, modularity, format, and stimulus-dependence.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30. The Real Combination Problem: Panpsychism, Micro-Subjects, and Emergence.Sam Coleman - 2013 - Erkenntnis 79 (1):19-44.
    Taking their motivation from the perceived failure of the reductive physicalist project concerning consciousness, panpsychists ascribe subjectivity to fundamental material entities in order to account for macro-consciousness. But there exists an unresolved tension within the mainstream panpsychist position, the seriousness of which has yet to be appreciated. I capture this tension as a dilemma, and offer advice to panpsychists on how to resolve it. The dilemma is as follows: Panpsychists take the micro-material realm to feature phenomenal properties, plus micro-subjects to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   69 citations  
  31. Mapping the Visual Icon.Sam Clarke - 2022 - Philosophical Quarterly 72 (3):552-577.
    It is often claimed that pre-attentive vision has an ‘iconic’ format. This is seen to explain pre-attentive vision's characteristically high processing capacity and to make sense of an overlap in the mechanisms of early vision and mental imagery. But what does the iconicity of pre-attentive vision amount to? This paper considers two prominent ways of characterising pre-attentive visual icons and argues that neither is adequate: one approach renders the claim ‘pre-attentive vision is iconic’ empirically false while the other obscures its (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  32. Compositionality and constituent structure in the analogue mind.Sam Clarke - 2023 - Philosophical Perspectives 37 (1):90-118.
    I argue that analogue mental representations possess a canonical decomposition into privileged constituents from which they compose. I motivate this suggestion, and rebut arguments to the contrary, through reflection on the approximate number system, whose representations are widely expected to have an analogue format. I then argue that arguments for the compositionality and constituent structure of these analogue representations generalize to other analogue mental representations posited in the human mind, such as those in early vision and visual imagery.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. Degrees of Assertability.Sam Carter - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 104 (1):19-49.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Volume 104, Issue 1, Page 19-49, January 2022.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  34. Moral and Rational Commitment.Sam Shpall - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (1):146-172.
    Argues that the normative relation of commitment is routinely overlooked by philosophers, and that investigating it reveals some interesting similarities between the moral and rational domains.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  35. Naïve realism and phenomenal similarity.Sam Clarke & Alfonso Anaya - 2023 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 66 (5):885-902.
    It has been claimed that naïve realism predicts phenomenological similarities where there are none and, thereby, mischaracterises the phenomenal character of perceptual experience. If true, this undercuts a key motivation for the view. Here, we defend naïve realism against this charge, proposing that such arguments fail (three times over). In so doing, we highlight a more general problem with critiques of naïve realism that target the purported phenomenological predictions of the view. The problem is: naïve realism, broadly construed, doesn’t make (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36. Panpsychism and Neutral Monism}: How to Make Up One}’s Mind.Sam Coleman - 2016 - In Godehard Brüntrup & Ludwig Jaskolla (eds.), Panpsychism: Contemporary Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 249--282.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  37. Higher order ignorance inside the margins.Sam Carter - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (7):1789-1806.
    According to the KK-principle, knowledge iterates freely. It has been argued, notably in Greco, that accounts of knowledge which involve essential appeal to normality are particularly conducive to defence of the KK-principle. The present article evaluates the prospects for employing normality in this role. First, it is argued that the defence of the KK-principle depends upon an implausible assumption about the logical principles governing iterated normality claims. Once this assumption is dropped, counter-instances to the principle can be expected to arise. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  38. The dynamics of loose talk.Sam Carter - 2019 - Noûs 55 (1):171-198.
    In non‐literal uses of language, the content an utterance communicates differs from its literal truth conditions. Loose talk is one example of non‐literal language use (amongst many others). For example, what a loose utterance of (1) communicates differs from what it literally expresses: (1) Lena arrived at 9 o'clock. Loose talk is interesting (or so I will argue). It has certain distinctive features which raise important questions about the connection between literal and non‐literal language use. This paper aims to (i.) (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  39. Causal Theories of Spacetime.Sam Baron & Baptiste Le Bihan - 2024 - Noûs 58 (1):202-224.
    We develop a new version of the causal theory of spacetime. Whereas traditional versions of the theory seek to identify spatiotemporal relations with causal relations, the version we develop takes causal relations to be the grounds for spatiotemporal relations. Causation is thus distinct from, and more basic than, spacetime. We argue that this non-identity theory, suitably developed, avoids the challenges facing the traditional identity theory.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. Pluralities as Nothing Over and Above.Sam Roberts - 2022 - Journal of Philosophy 119 (8):405-424.
    This paper develops an account of pluralities based on the following simple claim: some things are nothing over and above the individual things they comprise. For some, this may seem like a mysterious statement, perhaps even meaningless; for others, like a truism, trivial and inferentially inert. I show that neither reaction is correct: the claim is both tractable and has important consequences for a number of debates in philosophy.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  41. Wide and narrow scope.Sam Shpall - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):717-736.
    Offers a conciliatory solution to one of the central contemporary debates in the theory of rationality, the debate about the proper formulation of rational requirements. Introduces a novel conception of the “symmetry problem” for wide scope rational requirements, and sketches a theory of rational commitment as a response.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  42. Ideological parsimony.Sam Cowling - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3889-3908.
    The theoretical virtue of parsimony values the minimizing of theoretical commitments, but theoretical commitments come in two kinds : ontological and ideological. While the ontological commitments of a theory are the entities it posits, a theory’s ideological commitments are the primitive concepts it employs. Here, I show how we can extend the distinction between quantitative and qualitative parsimony, commonly drawn regarding ontological commitments, to the domain of ideological commitments. I then argue that qualitative ideological parsimony is a theoretical virtue. My (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   71 citations  
  43.  11
    Handbook of Intelligence: Evolutionary Theory, Historical Perspective, and Current Concepts.Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri & Dana Princiotta (eds.) - 2015 - New York, NY: Imprint: Springer.
    Numerous functions, cognitive skills, and behaviors are associated with intelligence, yet decades of research has yielded little consensus on its definition. Emerging from often conflicting studies is the provocative idea that intelligence evolved as an adaptation humans needed to keep up with - and survive in - challenging new environments. The Handbook of Intelligence addresses a broad range of issues relating to our cognitive and linguistic past. It is the first full-length volume to place intelligence in an evolutionary/cultural framework, tracing (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Cogitator's treasury.Sam Goodman - 1962 - New York,: Philosophical Library.
  45. GIS and research into historical "spaces of practice" : overcoming the epistemological barriers.Sam Griffiths - 2013 - In Alexander von Lünen & Charles Travis (eds.), History and GIS: epistemologies, considerations and reflections. Springer.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  3
    Atopien des Widerstands: Max Horkheimers platonische Akademie.Alma Koeppe - 2009 - Wien: Passagen. Edited by Selma Koeppe & Hartwig Zander.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  23
    Moral identity.Sam A. Hardy & Gustavo Carlo - 2011 - In Seth J. Schwartz, Koen Luyckx & Vivian L. Vignoles (eds.), Handbook of Identity Theory and Research. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 495--513.
  48.  14
    Folk-Psychological Interpretation of Human vs. Humanoid Robot Behavior: Exploring the Intentional Stance toward Robots.Sam Thellman, Annika Silvervarg & Tom Ziemke - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  49. Haecceitism.Sam Cowling - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  50. Causation Sans Time.Sam Baron & Kristie Miller - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):27-40.
    Is time necessary for causation? We argue that, given a counterfactual theory of causation, it is not. We defend this claim by considering cases of counterfactual dependence in quantum mechanics. These cases involve laws of nature that govern entanglement. These laws make possible the evaluation of causal counterfactuals between space-like separated entangled particles. There is, for the proponent of a counterfactual theory of causation, a possible world in which causation but not time exists that can be reached by ‘stripping out’ (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000