Results for 'Ryan W. Scott'

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  1.  5
    Which Moral Requiriments Does Constituvism Support?Ryan W. Davis - unknown
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  2.  31
    When Should we be Open to Persuasion?Ryan W. Davis & Rachel Finlayson - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):123-136.
    Being open to persuasion can help show respect for an interlocutor. At the same time, open-mindedness about morally objectionable claims can carry moral as well as epistemic risks. Our aim in this paper is to specify when there might be duty to be open to persuasion. We distinguish two possible interpretations of openness. First, openness might refer to a kind of mental state, wherein one is willing to revise or abandon present beliefs. Second, it might refer to a deliberative practice, (...)
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  3.  40
    Frontier Kantianism: Autonomy and Authority in Ralph Waldo Emerson and Joseph Smith.Ryan W. Davis - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (2):332-359.
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  4.  11
    Christopher W. Morris, Ed., Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics. [REVIEW]W. Scott Clifton - 2017 - Teaching Ethics 17 (1):129-131.
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  5.  99
    Murdochian Moral Perception.W. Scott Clifton - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):207-220.
    There has been a recent surge of interest in the moral philosophy of Iris Murdoch. One issue that has arisen is whether her view advocates a form of moral perception. In this paper I argue that her view does indeed advocate for a form of moral perception—what I call weak moral perception. In the process of moral reasoning weak moral perception plays a preparatory role for moral judgment, which means that moral judgment isn’t simply a matter of seeing what action (...)
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  6. “Humility From a Philosophical Point of View”.W. Scott Cleveland & Robert Roberts - 2017 - In Everett L. Worthington Jr, Don E. Davis & Joshua N. Hook (eds.), Handbook of Humility: Theory, Research, and Applications. New York, NY, USA:
     
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  7.  78
    Emotional Engagement in Professional Ethics.W. Scott Dunbar - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):535-551.
    Recent results from two different studies show evidence of strong emotional engagement in moral dilemmas that require personal involvement or ethical problems that involve significant inter-personal issues. This empirical evidence for a connection between emotional engagement and moral or ethical choices is interesting because it is related to a fundamental survival mechanism rooted in human evolution. The results lead one to question when and how emotional engagement might occur in a professional ethical situation. However, the studies employed static dilemmas or (...)
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  8. J. W. Scott, Syndicalism and Philosophical Realism. [REVIEW]H. J. W. Hetherington - 1919 - Hibbert Journal 18:187.
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  9.  14
    Individual Valuing of Social Equality in Political and Personal Relationships.Ryan W. Davis & Jessica Preece - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 13 (1):177-196.
    Social egalitarianism holds that individuals ought to have equal power over outcomes within relationships. Egalitarian philosophers have argued for this ideal by appealing to features of political society. This way of grounding the social egalitarian principle renders it dependent on empirical facts about political culture. In particular, egalitarians have argued that social equality matters to citizens in political relationships in a way analogous to the value of equality in a marriage. In this paper, we show how egalitarian philosophers are committed (...)
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  10. Justice: Metaphysical, After All? [REVIEW]Ryan W. Davis - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (2):207-222.
    Political liberals, following Rawls, believe that justice should be ‘political’ rather than ‘metaphysical.’ In other words, a conception of justice ought to be freestanding from first-order moral and metaethical views. The reason for this is to ensure that the state’s coercion be justified to citizens in terms that meet political liberalism’s principle of legitimacy. I suggest that privileging a political conception of justice involves costs—such as forgoing the opportunity for political theory to learn from other areas of philosophy. I argue (...)
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  11.  45
    The Authority of God and the Meaning of the Atonement.Ryan W. Davis - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (4):405-423.
  12.  17
    Symbolic Values.Ryan W. Davis - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (4):449-467.
    When a symbol is a marker of a primary bearer of value and, secondarily, a bearer of value itself, then it has symbolic value. Philosophers have long been suspicious of symbolic values, often regarding them as illusory or irrelevant. I suggest that arguments against symbolic values either overgeneralize or else require premises that can only be supported if the normative significance of some symbolic considerations is presupposed. Humans need symbols to represent identity facts to themselves and others. Symbolic values thereby (...)
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  13.  33
    Autonomy and Toleration as a Moral Attitude.Ryan W. Davis - 2017 - Journal of Social Philosophy 48 (1):92-116.
  14. The Shaping of a Behaviorist< Contrib-Group>< Contrib>< Name Index= &Quo.W. Scott Wood - 1981 - Behaviorism 9 (1):99-103.
  15.  38
    A Notorious Example of Failed Mindreading: Dramatic Irony and the Moral and Epistemic Value of Art.W. Scott Clifton - 2016 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 50 (3):73-90.
    The act of mindreading has been recognized to have great moral and epistemic value. Unfortunately, psychological research has shown that we are naturally inaccurate at mindreading, which should worry us quite a bit. It has also been shown that when motivated to mindread well, subjects become more accurate. In this paper I argue that some kinds of artwork—specifically, those utilizing dramatic irony—can educate us as to how valuable accurate mindreading is and motivate us to try to mindread well. The primary (...)
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  16.  49
    Is Revolution Morally Revolting?Ryan W. Davis - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (4):561-568.
  17.  6
    Approaching the Roman ‘Imperial Cult’ - (G.) McIntyre Imperial Cult. Pp. VI + 88. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2019. Paper, €70, Us$84. Isbn: 978-90-04-39836-8.Ryan W. Strickler - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (1):185-187.
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  18.  18
    Can Consequentialism Require Selfishness?Ryan W. Davis - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Research 41:239-262.
  19.  17
    Manipulation and the Grounds of Institutional Obligation: An Argument for International Equality.Ryan W. Davis - 2015 - Ethics and Global Politics 8 (1).
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  20.  9
    Reasons, Rights, and Values, by Robert Audi.Ryan W. Davis - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (4):487-491.
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  21. Baudrillard and the Evil Genius.Ryan Bishop & John W. P. Phillips - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (5):135-145.
    This article commemorates Jean Baudrillard’s career with an account of the consistency of his interventionist logic, the subtlety of his styles of argument and the prescience of his observations. It provides an account of Baudrillard’s sustained engagement with the intensification of simulation that has increasingly codified trends in communications, technology politics, the social, the psychological and economics in the name of functionality. The consistency of Baudrillard’s arguments belies the many superficial judgements made about them, which were anyway often knowingly encouraged (...)
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  22. Manufacturing Emergencies.Ryan Bishop & John W. P. Phillips - 2002 - Theory, Culture and Society 19 (4):91-102.
    The article examines the distinction between the state of emergency and the normal state and an inherent undecidability at the base of the distinction. We argue that states of emergency arise from strategic sovereign decisions to divide visible from invisible, enemy from ally, underground economy from above-ground, illegitimate war from legitimate war. The capacity to so divide is manifested, for instance, in the technology of air raid sirens in a way that indicates the momentum of the technicity that covertly underlies (...)
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  23. Of Method.Ryan Bishop & John W. P. Phillips - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (7-8):264-275.
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  24. The Knowledge Apparatus.Ryan Bishop & John W. P. Phillips - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):186-191.
    In this article we outline the ways in which questions of language have both revealed problems with conceptions of knowledge and suggested constructive ways of addressing those problems. Having examined the limitations of instrumental notions of language, we outline some alternatives, especially those developed from the middle of the 19th and throughout the 20th century. We locate forceful and influential philosophical interventions in the writings of Nietzsche and Heidegger and foundational revisions in the linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure and his (...)
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  25. Violence.Ryan Bishop & John W. P. Phillips - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):377-385.
    Violence is spoken of in several senses but its most basic definition, as a force exerted by one thing on another, harbors serious problems, especially when it comes to a consideration of its source or cause. We begin this article by identifying some of the aporias of violence with reference to philosophical and religious discourses and then we go on to analyze how violence problematizes concepts of law and justice in world historical contexts. We examine several traditions including Indo-European mythology, (...)
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  26. Two Reviews of B. F. Skinner's "The Shaping of a Behaviorist" No. 2. [REVIEW]W. Scott Wood - 1981 - Behavior and Philosophy 9 (1):99.
     
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  27.  43
    Petrarch and the Genealogy of Asceticism.W. Scott Blanchard - 2001 - Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (3):401-423.
  28. The Distinctiveness of Intellectual Virtues: A Response to Roberts and Wood.W. Scott Cleveland - 2012 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 86:159-169.
    Robert Roberts and Jay Wood criticize St Thomas Aquinas’ distinction between intellectual and moral virtues. They offer three objections to this distinction. They object that intellectual virtues depend on the will in ways that undermine the distinction, that the subject of intellectual virtues is not an intellectual faculty but a whole person, and that some intellectual virtues require that the will act intellectually. They hold that each of these is sufficient to undermine the distinction. I defend Aquinas’ distinction and respond (...)
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  29. The Curious Life of an Ancient Literary Forgery - (F.) Clark the First Pagan Historian. The Fortunes of a Fraud From Antiquity to the Enlightenment. Pp. X + 355, Ills. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020. Cased, £47.99, Us$74. Isbn: 978-0-19-049230-4. [REVIEW]Ryan W. Strickler - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-3.
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  30.  2
    Ignorance.Ryan Bishop & John W. P. Phillips - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):180-182.
    In this article we outline the ways in which questions of language have both revealed problems with conceptions of knowledge and suggested constructive ways of addressing those problems. Having examined the limitations of instrumental notions of language, we outline some alternatives, especially those developed from the middle of the 19th and throughout the 20th century. We locate forceful and influential philosophical interventions in the writings of Nietzsche and Heidegger and foundational revisions in the linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure and his (...)
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  31.  10
    Joan W. Scott, Théorie critique de l'histoire. Identités, expériences, politiques.Michelle Zancarini-Fournel - 2011 - Clio 34:282-283.
  32.  10
    In Defense of Descriptive Behaviorism, or Theories of Learning Still Aren't Necessary.W. Scott Wood - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):82-83.
  33.  59
    The Genesis and Justification of Feminist Standpoint Theory in Hegel and Lukács.W. Scott Cameron - 2005 - Dialogue and Universalism 15 (3-4):19-41.
    Feminist standpoint epistemology suggests that women are cognitively privileged, since gender-specific forms of oppression produce insights systematically denied to men. Yet if many forms of oppression exist, what happens when they overlap? Some reject such theories as irredeemably essentialist, triumphalist, and relativist, but I argue that their original versions in Hegel and Lukács as supplemented by Sabina Lovibond generate both the strongest arguments for standpoint theories and a way through their deepest difficulties.
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  34.  2
    Joan W. Scott, Théorie critique de l’histoire. Identités, expériences, politiques.Michelle Zancarini-Fournel - 2010 - Clio 32:281-283.
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  35. W. Scott Palmer, The Church and Modern Men. [REVIEW]G. Tyrrell - 1907 - Hibbert Journal 6:707.
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  36.  19
    Joan W. SCOTT, La Citoyenne Paradoxale : Les Féministes Françaises Et les Droits de l'Homme, Paris, Albin Michel, 1998, 286 Pages. [REVIEW]Françoise Thébaud - 2000 - Clio 12.
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  37.  29
    ΣϒΝ ΔΕ Δϒᾲ ΕΡΧΟΜΕΝΩ … - W. Scott and A. S. Ferguson: Hermetica: The Ancient Greek and Latin Writings Which Contain Religious or Philosophical Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus. Vol. IV: Testimonia. Pp. Xlix+576. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1936. Cloth, 30s. [REVIEW]H. J. Rose - 1936 - The Classical Review 50 (06):222-223.
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  38.  31
    A Defense of Spoiler Voting.W. Scott Looney & Preston Werner - 2020 - Public Affairs Quarterly 34 (3):205-228.
    A familiar debate in first-past-the-post democracies is whether ideologically disenfranchised voters should cast their vote for minor party candidates. We argue that voting for minor party candidates will sometimes be the best strategic option for voters with non-mainstream ideologies. Major parties, as rational agents, will be ideologically responsive to genuine threats of defection. By voting for a minor party, voters can simultaneously punish major parties for unfairly “bargaining” with their voting bloc and also signal their ideological reasons for defecting.
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  39.  1
    Media Art at UMAT.Ryan Bishop & John W. P. Phillips - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (7-8):359-369.
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  40.  48
    The Emotions of Courageous Activity.W. Scott Cleveland - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (4):855-882.
    An apparent paradox concerning courageous activity is that it seems to require both fear and fearlessness – on the one hand, mastering one’s fear, and, on the other, eliminating fear. I resolve the paradox by isolating three phases of courageous activity: the initial response to the situation, the choice of courageous action, and the execution of courageous action. I argue that there is an emotion that is proper to each of these phases and that each emotion positively contributes to the (...)
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  41.  18
    Leonardo Bruni and the Poetics of Sovereignty.W. Scott Blanchard - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (5):477-491.
    Leonardo Bruni’s well-known oration, the Laudatio Florentinae urbis, has long stood at the center of discussions on the emergence of the modern republican state. Recent historiographical trends have emphasized the degree to which Bruni’s oration represents a propagandistic attempt both to portray Florence as a territorial power of Northern Italy keen to impose its sovereign authority on neighboring polities and as a republic intent on fashioning an image of itself as a popular sovereignty. It is in this second element of (...)
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  42.  23
    Evaluating the Potential for Using Affect-Inspired Techniques to Manage Real-Time Systems.W. Scott Neal Reilly, Gerald Fry, Sean Guarino, Michael Reposa, Richard West, Ralph Costantini & Josh Johnston - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
    We describe a novel affect-inspired mechanism to improve the performance of computational systems operating in dynamic environments. In particular, we designed a mechanism that is based on aspects of the fear response in humans to dynamically reallocate operating system-level central processing unit (CPU) resources to processes as they are needed to deal with time-critical events. We evaluated this system in the MINIX® and Linux® operating systems and in three different testing environments (two simulated, one live). We found the affect-based system (...)
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  43.  27
    Schopenhauer and Murdoch on the Ethical Value of the Loss of Self in Aesthetic Experience.W. Scott Clifton - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 51 (4):5-25.
    In this paper, I construct an ethical-aesthetic account based on the work of Arthur Schopenhauer and Iris Murdoch, centered on the claims that motive matters to morality and that, specifically, acting from compassion—understood as a combination of cognitive empathy and concern—is necessary for making moral decisions. I present empirical evidence that we are naturally inaccurate when it comes to cognitive empathy, suggesting that many of our moral decisions are made in ignorance of the interests of others. We can improve our (...)
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  44.  20
    The Virtual Presence of Acquired Virtues in the Christian.W. Scott Cleveland & Brandon Dahm - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (1):75-100.
    Aquinas’s doctrine that infused virtues accompany sanctifying grace raises many questions. We examine one: how do the infused virtues relate to the acquired virtues? More precisely, can the person with the infused virtues possess the acquired virtues? We argue for an answer consistent with and informed by Aquinas’s writings, although it goes beyond textual evidence, as any answer to this question must. There are two plausible, standard interpretations of Aquinas on this issue: the coexistence view and transformation view. After explaining (...)
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  45.  13
    Interference with Spatial Alternation by Exposure to Other Mazes.W. Scott Terry - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (3):260-262.
  46.  63
    Joan W. Scott y Debra Keates,(Eds.): Schools of Thought. Twenty-Five Years of Interpretive Social Science. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2001. [REVIEW]Marc Llambrich - 2004 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 4:195-196.
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  47. Do Everything for the Glory of God.W. Scott Cleveland - 2021 - Religions 9 (12):754.
    St. Paul writes, “whatever you do, do everything for the glory of God (1 Corinthians 10: 31 NABRE).” This essay employs the work of St. Thomas Aquinas and the recent philosophical work of Daniel Johnson (2020) on this command to investigate a series of questions that the command raises. What is glory? How does one properly act for glory and for the glory of another? How is it possible to do everything for the glory of God? I begin with Aquinas’ (...)
     
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  48.  14
    A Marriage of Faith and Reason: One Couple’s Journey to the Catholic Church.W. Scott Cleveland & Lindsay K. Cleveland - 2019 - In Brian Besong & Jonathan Fuqua (eds.), Faith and Reason: Philosophers Explain Their Turn to Catholicism. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. pp. 205-242.
  49.  28
    The Distinctiveness of Intellectual Virtues: A Response to Roberts and Wood.W. Scott Cleveland - 2012 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 86:159-169.
    Robert Roberts and Jay Wood criticize St Thomas Aquinas’ distinction between intellectual and moral virtues. They offer three objections to this distinction. They object that intellectual virtues depend on the will in ways that undermine the distinction, that the subject of intellectual virtues is not an intellectual faculty but a whole person, and that some intellectual virtues require that the will act intellectually. They hold that each of these is sufficient to undermine the distinction. I defend Aquinas’ distinction and respond (...)
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  50.  17
    Problems for Predictive Information.W. Scott Looney - 2020 - Erkenntnis:1-13.
    Predictive information is a popular and promising family of information-based theories of biological communication. It is difficult to adjudicate between predictive information-based theories and influence-based theories of biological communication because the same acts seem to count as communicative on both theories. In this paper, I argue that predictive information theories and influence-based theories give importantly different descriptions of deceptive signals in some non-evolutionarily stable communicative systems by citing a novel case observed in nature. Moreover, predictive information gives a counter-intuitive description (...)
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