Results for 'Rudd Ter Meulen'

999 found
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  1.  22
    Human Enhancement Technologies: Understanding Governance, Policies and Regulatory Structures in the Global Context.Benjamin J. Capps, Rudd Ter Meulen & Lisbeth Witthøfft Nielson - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (4):251-258.
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  2.  44
    Pragmatics and Natural Language Understanding.Alice G. B. ter Meulen & Georgia M. Green - 1993 - Noûs 27 (4):550.
  3.  10
    Representing Time in Natural Language: The Dynamic Interpretation of Tense and Aspect.Alice G. B. Ter Meulen - 1997 - MIT Press.
    The topic of temporal meaning in texts has received considerable attention in recent years from scholars in linguistics, logical semantics, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence. Representing Time in Natural Language offers a systematic and detailed account of how we use temporal information contained in a text or in discourse to reason about the flow of time, inferring the order in which events happened when this is not explicitly stated. A new representational system is designed to formalize an appropriately context-dependent notion (...)
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  4.  24
    Generalized Quantifiers in Natural Language.Johan Van Benthem & Alice Ter Meulen (eds.) - 1984 - Foris Publications.
    REFERENCES Barwise, J. & R. Cooper (1981) — 'Generalized Quantifiers and Natural Language', Linguistics and Philosophy 4:2159-219. Van Benthem, J. (1983a) — ' Five Easy Pieces', in Ter Meulen (ed.), 1-17. Van Benthem, J. (1983b) ...
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  5.  51
    Mathematical Methods in Linguistics.Barbara H. Partee, Alice ter Meulen & Robert E. Wall - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (1):271-272.
  6. Addressing research integrity challenges: from penalising individual perpetrators to fostering research ecosystem quality care.Hub Zwart & Ruud ter Meulen - 2019 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 15 (1):1-5.
    Concern for and interest in research integrity has increased significantly during recent decades, both in academic and in policy discourse. Both in terms of diagnostics and in terms of therapy, the tendency in integrity discourse has been to focus on strategies of individualisation. Other contributions to the integrity debate, however, focus more explicitly on environmental factors, e.g. on the quality and resilience of research ecosystems, on institutional rather than individual responsibilities, and on the quality of the research culture. One example (...)
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  7.  37
    Increasing Individual Responsibility in Dutch Health Care: Is Solidarity Losing Ground?R. Ter Meulen & H. Maarse - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (3):262-279.
    This article presents various developments in Dutch health care policy toward a greater role for individual financial responsibility, such as cost-control measures, priority setting, rationing, and market reform. Instead of the collective responsibility that is characteristic of previous times, one can observe in government policies an increased emphasis on the need for individuals to take care of one’s own health and health care needs. Moreover, surveys point to decreasing levels of public support for “unlimited” solidarity and “irresponsible” health behavior. This (...)
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  8.  32
    Solidarity, justice, and recognition of the other.Ruud ter Meulen - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (6):517-529.
    Solidarity has for a long time been referred to as the core value underpinning European health and welfare systems. But there has been debate in recent years about whether solidarity, with its alleged communitarian content, can be reconciled with the emphasis on individual freedom and personal autonomy. One may wonder whether there is still a place for solidarity, and whether the concept of justice should be embraced to analyse the moral issues regarding access to health care. In this article, I (...)
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  9.  62
    Solidarity and Justice in Health Care. A Critical Analysis of their Relationship.Ruud ter Meulen - 2015 - Diametros 43:1-20.
    This article tries to analyze the meaning and relevance of the concept of solidarity as compared to the concept of justice. While ‘justice’ refers to rights and duties , the concept of solidarity refers to relations of personal commitment and recognition . The article wants to answer the question whether solidarity and liberal justice should be seen as mutually exclusive or whether both approaches should be regarded as complementary to each other. The paper starts with an analysis of liberal theories (...)
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  10.  11
    Mathematical Methods in Linguistics.Barbara Partee, Alice ter Meulen & Robert Wall - 1987 - Boston, MA, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Elementary set theory accustoms the students to mathematical abstraction, includes the standard constructions of relations, functions, and orderings, and leads to a discussion of the various orders of infinity. The material on logic covers not only the standard statement logic and first-order predicate logic but includes an introduction to formal systems, axiomatization, and model theory. The section on algebra is presented with an emphasis on lattices as well as Boolean and Heyting algebras. Background for recent research in natural language semantics (...)
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  11.  17
    Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement.Ruud ter Meulen, Ahmed Mohammed & Wayne Hall (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    This book critically explores and analyses the scientific and ethical debates surrounding cognitive enhancers. Including contributions from neuroscientists, neuropsychopharmacologists, ethicists, philosophers, public health professionals, and policy researchers, the book offers a multidisciplinary, critical consideration of this topic.
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  12.  81
    A Transhumanist Fault Line Around Disability: Morphological Freedom and the Obligation to Enhance.H. G. Bradshaw & R. Ter Meulen - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6):670-684.
    The transhumanist literature encompasses diverse nonnovel positions on questions of disability and obligation reflecting long-running political philosophical debates on freedom and value choice, complicated by the difficulty of projecting values to enhanced beings. These older questions take on a more concrete form given transhumanist uses of biotechnologies. This paper will contrast the views of Hughes and Sandberg on the obligations persons with "disabilities" have to enhance and suggest a new model. The paper will finish by introducing a distinction between the (...)
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  13.  67
    Demonstrations, indications and experiments.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 1994 - The Monist 77 (2):239 - 256.
    Meaning is made out of the world by our actions in certain situations. But there are so many different things we can do, few of which actually create meaning. Not only do we utter linguistic expressions, but we move, gesture, point; we plan our actions to satisfy particular goals, we form beliefs, presumptions and prejudices, as well as ascribe intentions to other actors. In this paper three ways of acting are singled out for their function in making meaning out of (...)
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  14.  25
    Individual Responsibility and Solidarity in European Health Care: Further Down the Road to Two-Tier System of Health Care.R. Ter Meulen & F. Jotterand - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (3):191-197.
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  15.  37
    Family solidarity and informal care: The case of care for people with dementia.Ruud ter Meulen & Katharine Wright - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (7):361-368.
    According to Bayertz the core meaning of solidarity is the perception of mutual obligations between the members of a community. This definition leaves open the various ways solidarity is perceived by individuals in different communities and how it manifests itself in a particular community. This paper explores solidarity as manifested in the context of families in respect of caregiving for a family member who has become dependent because of disease or illness. Though family caregiving is based on the same perception (...)
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  16.  29
    Supporting Stroke Patients' Autonomy During Rehabilitation.Ireen M. Proot, Ruud H. J. ter Meulen, Huda Huijer Abu-Saad & Harry F. J. M. Crebolder - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (2):229-241.
    In a qualitative study, 22 stroke patients undergoing rehabilitation in three nursing homes were interviewed about constraints on and improvements in their autonomy and about approaches of health professionals regarding autonomy. The data were analysed using grounded theory, with a particular focus on the process of regaining autonomy. An approach by the health professionals that was responsive to changes in the patients’ autonomy was found to be helpful for restoration of their autonomy. Two patterns in health professionals’ approach appeared to (...)
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  17.  24
    Limiting Solidarity in the Netherlands: A Two-Tier System on the Way.Ruud Ter Meulen - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (6):607-616.
    Health care policy in the Netherlands has long been guided by the values of solidarity and equality. As a result of several forces, particularly the scarcity of resources, the retreat of the Welfare State and the introduction of market forces in health care, both values are increasingly under strain. Next to solidarity and equality, freedom of choice and financial responsibility are playing an important role in Dutch health care. Consequently, there is a growing division in Dutch heaith care between two (...)
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  18.  13
    How 'Decent'Is a Decent Minimum of Health Care?Ruud Ter Meulen - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (6):612-623.
    This article tries to analyze the meaning of a decent minimum of health care, by confronting the idea of decent care with the concept of justice. Following the ideas of Margalith about a decent society, the article argues that a just minimum of care is not necessarily a decent minimum. The way this minimum is provided can still humiliate individuals, even if the end result is the best possible distribution of the goods as seen from the viewpoint of justice. This (...)
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  19.  25
    Consumer Choice in Dutch Health Insurance after Reform.Hans Maarse & Ruud Ter Meulen - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (1):37-49.
    This article investigates the scope and effects of enhanced consumer choice in health insurance that is presented as a cornerstone of the new health insurance legislation in the Netherlands that will come into effect in 2006. The choice for choice marks the current libertarian trend in Dutch health care policymaking. One of our conclusions is that the scope of enhanced choice should not be overstated due to many legal and non-legal restrictions to it. The consumer choice advocates have great expectations (...)
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  20.  25
    Enhancement, hybris, and solidarity: a critical analysis of Sandel’s The Case Against Perfection.Ruud ter Meulen - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):397-405.
    This article presents a critical analysis of the views of Michael Sandel on human enhancement in his book The Case Against Perfection (2007). Sandel argues that the use of biotechnologies for human enhancement is driven by a will to mastery or hybris, leading to an ‘explosion of responsibility’ and a disappearance of solidarity. I argue that Sandel is using a traditional concept of solidarity which leaves little room for individual differences and which is difficult to reconcile with the modern trend (...)
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  21. Temporal Reasoning with Aspectual Adverbs.Hans Smessaert & Alice G. B. Ter Meulen - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (2):209-261.
    Validity of dynamic temporal reasoning is semantically characterized for English and Dutch aspectual adverbs in Discourse Representation Theory. This dynamic perspective determines how the content needs to be revised and what information is preserved across updates, when the order of premises is considered relevant. Resetting contextual parameters relies on modelling the basic aspectual polarity transitions and temporal reasoning extensionally. For intensional aspectual adverbials the speaker’s attitudes regarding past alternatives to and possible continuations of the current state come into play. Additional (...)
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  22. Editorial: Mental Capacity: In Search of Alternative Perspectives.Berghmans Ron, Dickenson Donna & Meulen Ruud Ter - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (4):251-263.
    Editorial introduction to series of papers resulting from a European Commission Project on mental capacity.
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  23.  8
    Are There Limits to Solidarity with the Elderly?Ruud ter Meulen - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):36.
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  24.  28
    The Lost Voice: How Libertarianism and Consumerism Obliterate the Need for a Relational Ethics in the National Health Care Service.R. H. J. ter Meulen - 2008 - Christian Bioethics 14 (1):78-94.
    This article analyzes the contribution Christian ethics might be able to make to the ethical debate on policy and caregiving in health and social care in the United Kingdom. The article deals particularly with the concepts of solidarity and subsidiarity which are essential in Christian social ethics and health care ethics, and which may be relevant for the ethical debate on health and social caregiving in the United Kingdom. An important argument in the article is that utilitarian and market-driven policies (...)
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  25.  8
    Scientific, Ethical, and Social Issues in Mood Enhancement.Ron Berghmans, Ruud ter Meulen, Andrea Malizia & Rein Vos - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 151–165.
    Since the introduction of Prozac (fluoxetine), a number of so‐called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been developed and introduced. These mood enhancers are being presently prescribed for people whose problems are not recognized mental illnesses. It is probable that in the near future the combination of data from advanced biochips and brain imaging will accelerate the development of neurotechnology. So‐called neuroceuticals, used for therapy and enhancement, and to improve different aspects of mental health, will be efficient neuromodulators. The scientific, (...)
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  26.  25
    Into the Hidden World Behind Evidence-Based Medicine.Ruud Ter Meulen & Donna Dickenson - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (3):231-241.
    Evidence-based medicine is seen not only as an important means to improve the quality of medical care, but also as an instrument to control costs. In view of the scarcity of health care resources, decisions on the allocation of care will have to be made more explicitly and should be made more transparent.
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  27.  17
    Situation theory and mental models.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):358-359.
  28.  18
    Logic and Natural Language.Alice ter Meulen - 2017 - In Lou Goble (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Philosophical Logic. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 461–483.
    Logicians have always found inspiration for new research in the ordinary language that is used on a daily basis and acquired naturally in childhood. Whereas the logical issues in the foundations of mathematics motivated the development of mathematical logic with its emphasis on notions of proof, validity, axiomatization, decidability, consistency, and completeness, the logical analysis of natural language motivated the development of philosophical logic with its emphasis on semantic notions of presupposition, entailment, modality, conditionals, and intensionality. The relation between research (...)
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  29.  26
    Agency, argument structure, and causal inference.Alice Gb ter Meulen - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):728-729.
    Logically, weighting is transitive, but similarity is not, so clustering cannot be either. Entailments must help a child to review attribute lists more efficiently. Children's understanding of exceptions to generic claims precedes their ability to articulate explanations. So agency, as enabling constraint, may show coherent covariation with attributes, as mere extensional, observable effect of intensional entailments.
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  30. Anaphoric Definite Descriptions.Alice ter Meulen - 2004 - In Marga Reimer & Anne Bezuidenhout (eds.), Descriptions and Beyond. Clarendon Press.
  31.  4
    CARING FOR AN AGING WORLD: Allocating Scarce Resources.Ruud ter Meulen, Eva Topinková & Daniel Callahan - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):3-3.
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  32. Chronoscopes in dynamic aspect trees.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 1999 - Mind and Language: Collected Papers From 1995 International Workshop on Mind and Language 87:87.
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  33.  33
    Cognitive modelling of human temporal reasoning.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):623-624.
    Modelling human reasoning characterizes the fundamental human cognitive capacity to describe our past experience and use it to form expectations as well as plan and direct our future actions. Natural language semantics analyzes dynamic forms of reasoning in which the real-time order determines the temporal relations between the described events, when reported with telic simple past-tense clauses. It provides models of human reasoning that could supplement ACT-R models.
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  34. Dynamic definite descriptions, implicit arguments, and familiarity.A. ter Meulen - 2004 - In Marga Reimer & Anne Bezuidenhout (eds.), Descriptions and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
  35.  12
    Demonstrations, Indications and Experiments.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 1994 - The Monist 77 (2):239-256.
    Meaning is made out of the world by our actions in certain situations. But there are so many different things we can do, few of which actually create meaning. Not only do we utter linguistic expressions, but we move, gesture, point; we plan our actions to satisfy particular goals, we form beliefs, presumptions and prejudices, as well as ascribe intentions to other actors. In this paper three ways of acting are singled out for their function in making meaning out of (...)
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  36.  20
    Erratum to: Solidarity, justice, and recognition of the other.Ruud ter Meulen - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):227-227.
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  37.  37
    From Frege to dynamic theories of meaning.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):691-692.
    In designing stratified models of human language, understanding notions of logical consequence and validity of inference require separating the aspects of meaning that vary between models from logical constants. Modelling meaning requires choices regarding the primitives, where the Fregean program is still offering us the fundamental insights on the role of truth, judgement, and grasping or sharing of thoughts.
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  38. Formal methods in semantics.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 2019 - In Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: foundations, history and methods. Boston: De Gruyter.
     
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  39. Foris publications.Alice ter Meulen - 1983 - In Alice G. B. Ter Meulen (ed.), Studies in Modeltheoretic Semantics. Foris Publications. pp. 210.
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  40.  1
    Representing meaning: Magic or logic?Alice G. B. Ter Meulen - 1994 - Semiotica 99 (1-2):211-216.
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  41.  42
    Semantic realism, rigid designation, and dynamic semantics.Alice G. B. ter Meulen - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):85-86.
    Semantic realism fits Millikan's account of kind terms in its focus on information-theoretic abilities and strategic ways of gathering information in human communication. Instead of the traditional logical necessity, we should interpret rigid designation in a dynamic semantics as a legislative act to constrain possible ways in which our belief may change.
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  42.  14
    Special Supplement: What Do We Owe the Elderly? Allocating Social and Health Care Resources.Ruud ter Meulen, Eva Topinková, Daniel Callahan & Eva Topinkova - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (2):S1.
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  43.  13
    The composition of meaning: from Lexeme to discourse.Alice G. B. ter Meulen & Werner Abraham (eds.) - 2004 - Amsterdam ; Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins.
    In the modular design of generative theory the syntax-semantics interface has accounted all along for meanings at the level of Logical Form. The syntax-pragmatics interface, on the other hand, is the result of what one may call the 'pragmatic turn' in the linguistic theory, where content is partitioned into given and new information. In other words, the structural division of the clause has been subjected to criteria of information, or discourse structure. Both interfaces require a structurally descriptive inventory whose specific (...)
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  44.  10
    Temporal reasoning as indexical inference.Alice Gb ter Meulen - 2013 - In Kasia M. Jaszczolt & Louis de Saussure (eds.), Time: Language, Cognition & Reality. Oxford University Press. pp. 37.
  45.  60
    The Expectation(s) of Solidarity: Matters of Justice, Responsibility and Identity in the Reconstruction of the Health Care System. [REVIEW]Rob Houtepen & Ruud ter Meulen - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (4):355-376.
    We analyse solidarity as a mixture of social justice on the onehand and a set of cultural values and ascriptions on the otherhand. The latter defines the relevant sense of belonging togetherin a society. From a short analysis of the early stages of theDutch welfare state, we conclude that social responsibility wasoriginally based in religious and political associations. In theheyday of the welfare state, institutions such as sick funds,hospitals or nursing homes became financed collectively entirelyand became accessible to people of (...)
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  46. in Mood Enhancement.Ron Berghmans, Ruud ter Meulen, Andrea Malizia & Rein Vos - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell.
     
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  47.  62
    Logic and Linguistics Meeting: Santa Cruz, 1991.Jon Barwise, William Ladusaw, Alice ter Meulen, Richard Oehrle & Richmond Thomason - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (4):1498-1499.
  48. James D. McCawley.Josef Stern Hanson & Alice ter Meulen - 1996 - In Masayoshi Shibatani & Sandra Thompson (eds.), Grammatical Constructions. Clarendon Press.
     
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  49.  6
    Meaning and the dynamics of interpretation: selected papers of Hans Kamp.Klaus von Heusinger, Alice G. B. ter Meulen & Hans Kamp (eds.) - 2013 - Boston: Brill.
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  50.  23
    Guidelines for Appropriate Care: The Importance of Empirical Normative Analysis.Marc Berg, Ruud ter Meulen & Masja Van den Burg - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (1):77-99.
    The Royal Dutch Medical Association recently completed a researchproject aimed at investigating how guidelines for `appropriatemedical care' should be construed. The project took as a startingpoint that explicit attention should be given to ethical andpolitical considerations in addition to data about costs andeffectiveness. In the project, two research groups set out todesign guidelines and cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) for twocircumscribed medical areas (angina pectoris and majordepression). Our third group was responsible for the normativeanalysis. We undertook an explorative, qualitative pilot study ofthe (...)
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