Results for 'Rpbert Mayhew'

142 found
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  1.  35
    Geography as the Eye of Enlightenment Historiography: Robert J. Mayhew.Robert J. Mayhew - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (3):611-627.
    Whilst Edward Gibbon's Memoirs of My Life comprise a notoriously complex document of autobiographical artifice, there is no reason to question the honesty of its revelation of his attitudes to geography and its relationship to the historian's craft. Writing of his boyhood before going up to Oxford, Gibbon commented that his vague and multifarious reading could not teach me to think, to write, or to act; and the only principle, that darted a ray of light into the indigested chaos, was (...)
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  2.  70
    Moral Judgement Development in Higher Education: Insights From the Defining Issues Test.Patricia M. King & Matthew J. Mayhew - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (3):247-270.
    This article reviews 172 studies that used the Defining Issues Test to investigate the moral development of undergraduate college students and provides an organisational framework for analysing educational contexts in higher education. These studies addressed collegiate outcomes related to character or civic outcomes, selected aspects of students' collegiate experiences related to moral judgement development and changes in moral reasoning during the college years as they related to changes in other domains of development. Findings suggest that dramatic gains in moral judgement (...)
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  3.  49
    The Theory of Planned Behavior as a Model of Academic Dishonesty in Engineering and Humanities Undergraduates.Trevor S. Harding, Matthew J. Mayhew, Cynthia J. Finelli & Donald D. Carpenter - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):255 – 279.
    This study examines the use of a modified form of the theory of planned behavior in understanding the decisions of undergraduate students in engineering and humanities to engage in cheating. We surveyed 527 randomly selected students from three academic institutions. Results supported the use of the model in predicting ethical decision-making regarding cheating. In particular, the model demonstrated how certain variables (gender, discipline, high school cheating, education level, international student status, participation in Greek organizations or other clubs) and moral constructs (...)
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  4.  19
    Mayhew Plato, Laws 10: Translation and Commentary . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2008. Pp. Vi + 238. £35. 9780199225965. [REVIEW]Alice van Harten - 2010 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 130:276-277.
  5.  20
    Diversity Courses and Students' Moral Reasoning: A Model of Predispositions and Change.Sylvia Hurtado, Matthew J. Mayhew & Mark E. Engberg - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (2):201-224.
    The purpose of this study was to examine how moral reasoning develops for 236 students enrolled in either a diversity course or a management course. These courses were compared based on the level of diversity inclusion and type of pedagogy employed in the classroom. We used causal modelling to compare the two types of courses, controlling for the effects of demographic (i.e., race, gender), curricular (i.e., previous course-related diversity learning) and pedagogical (i.e., active learning) covariates. Results showed that students enrolled (...)
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  6.  12
    Jonathan Mayhew: Conservative Revolutionary.Howard Lubert - 2011 - History of Political Thought 32 (4):589-616.
    In this article I suggest that perceived tension in Jonathan Mayhew's political and social thought is resolved by taking full account of the conservative (i.e. traditional) aspects of his political thought. Mayhew's social thought did contain elements that were profoundly conservative, most notably his belief in a relatively fixed social hierarchy. More, the presumption of a natural social ordering of men and the attendant emphasis on deference stands in tension with the more radical principles that characterized Mayhew's (...)
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  7. Robert Mayhew (Ed.), Plato: Laws 10.Cătălin Partenie - 2009 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science:221-223.
  8. British Geography's Republic of Letters: Mapping an Imagined Community, 1600-1800.Robert Mayhew - 2004 - Journal of the History of Ideas 65 (2):251-276.
  9.  9
    Robert Mayhew. The Female in Aristotle’s Biology: Reason or Rationalization. X + 136 Pp., Bibl., Indexes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. $28. [REVIEW]R. J. Hankinson - 2005 - Isis 96 (4):647-649.
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  10.  31
    PRODICUS - Mayhew Prodicus the Sophist. Texts, Translations, and Commentary. Pp. Xxx + 272. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Cased, £52.50, US$80. ISBN: 978-0-19-960787-7. [REVIEW]Susan Prince - 2014 - The Classical Review 64 (2):379-382.
  11.  29
    Aristotle’s Criticism of Plato’s Republic.Joyce L. Jenkins & Robert Mayhew - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):425.
    Robert Mayhew’s Aristotle’s Criticism of Plato’s Republic focuses on Aristotle’s main objections to Plato’s political philosophy: the degree of unity envisioned by Plato is impossible/undesirable; too much unity undermines self-sufficiency; community of women and children and community of property have numerous adverse effects on society. Mayhew claims that the objections have been largely ignored on the ground that they are facile or unfair. But the purpose of the book is not to show that Aristotle’s thought has been unjustifiably (...)
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  12. Psychophysical and Computational Studies Towards a Theory of Human Stereopsis.John E. W. Mayhew & John P. Frisby - 1981 - Artificial Intelligence 17 (1-3):349-385.
  13.  23
    The Impact of Ethics Education on Reporting Behavior.Brian W. Mayhew & Pamela R. Murphy - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (3):397-416.
    We examine the impact of an ethics education program on reporting behavior using two groups of students: fourth year Masters of Accounting students who just completed a newly instituted ethics education program, and fifth year students in the same program who did not receive the ethics program. In an experiment providing both the opportunity and motivation to misreport for more money, we design two social condition treatments – anonymity and public disclosure – to examine whether or to what extent ethical (...)
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  14. The Female in Aristotle’s Biology: Reason or Rationalization.R. Mayhew - 2005 - American Journal of Philology 126 (3):458.
    While Aristotle's writings on biology are considered to be among his best, the comments he makes about females in these works are widely regarded as the nadir of his philosophical oeuvre. Among many claims, Aristotle is said to have declared that females contribute nothing substantial to generation; that they have fewer teeth than males; that they are less spirited than males; and that woman are analogous to eunuchs. In _The Female in Aristotle's Biology_, Robert Mayhew aims not to defend (...)
     
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  15.  41
    Determinants of Perceptions of Cheating: Ethical Orientation, Personality and Demographics. [REVIEW]Dean E. Allmon, Diana Page & Ralph Rpberts - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (4):411 - 422.
    A sample of 227 business students from the United States and Australia was used to evaluate factors that impact business students' ethical orientation and factors that impact students' perceptions of ethical classroom behaviors. Perceptions of classroom behaviors was considered a surrogate for future perceptions of business behaviors. Independent factors included age, gender, religious orientation, country of origin, personality, and ethical orientation. A number of factors were related to ethical orientation, but only age and religious orientation exhibited much impact upon perceptions (...)
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  16.  5
    Prodicus the Sophist: Texts, Translations, and Commentary.Robert Mayhew - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    The past fifty years have witnessed the flourishing of scholarship in virtually every area of ancient Greek philosophy, but the sophists have for the most part been neglected. This is certainly true of Prodicus of Ceos: of the four most well-known sophists--Protagoras, Gorgias, Prodicus, and Antiphon--he has received the least attention. Robert Mayhew provides a reassessment of his life and thought, and especially his views on language, religion, and ethics. This volume consists of ninety texts with facing translations--far more (...)
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  17.  82
    Aristotle’s Criticism of Plato’s Republic.Robert Mayhew - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The first five chapters of the second book of Aristotle's Politics contain a series of criticisms levelled against Plato's Republic. Despite the abundance of studies that have been done on Aristotle's Politics, these chapters have for the most part been neglected; there has been no book-length study of them this century. In this important new book, Robert Mayhew fills this unfortunate gap in Aristotelian scholarship, analyzing these chapters in order to discover what they tell us about Aristotle's political philosophy. (...)
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  18.  26
    How Curricular Content and Pedagogical Strategies Affect Moral Reasoning Development in College Students.Matthew J. Mayhew & Patricia King - 2008 - Journal of Moral Education 37 (1):17-40.
    College instructors use a variety of approaches to teach students to reason more effectively about issues with a moral dimension and achieve mixed results. This pre?post study of 423 undergraduate students examined the effects of morally explicit and implicit curricular content and of selected pedagogical strategies on moral reasoning development. Using causal modelling to control for a range of student background variables as well as Time 1 scores, 52% of the variance in moral reasoning scores was explained; we found that (...)
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  19.  10
    Robert J. Mayhew. Malthus: The Life and Legacies of an Untimely Prophet. 284 Pp., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014. $29.95. [REVIEW]Brian Dolan - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):189-191.
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  20.  44
    Roundtable 3: Political Ignorance, Empirical Realities.Samuel DeCanio, Jeffrey Friedman, David R. Mayhew, Michael H. Murakami & Nick Weller - 2008 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 20 (4):463-480.
  21.  13
    Aristotle on Homer on Eels and Fish in Iliad Book 21.Robert Mayhew - 2020 - Classical Quarterly 70 (2):639-649.
    The phrase ἐγχέλυές τε καὶ ἰχθύες appears twice in Iliad Book 21, in descriptions of actions involving the river Xanthus:τὸν μὲν ἄρ’ ἐγχέλυές τε καὶ ἰχθύες ἀμφεπένοντο the eels and fish dealt with him [sc. Asteropaeus].τείροντ᾽ ἐγχέλυές τε καὶ ἰχθύες οἱ κατὰ δίνας distressed were the eels and fish beneath the eddies.The context in which these verses appear is not that important here, as this combination of words itself raised an interpretative problem in the minds of some ancient Homeric scholars: (...)
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  22. A Concise Dictionary of Middle English From A. D. 1150 to 1580.J. M. G., A. L. Mayhew & Walter W. Skeat - 1889 - American Journal of Philology 10 (1):99.
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  23.  13
    Foundations of a Free Society: Reflections on Ayn Rand's Political Philosophy.Gregory Salmieri & Robert Mayhew - 2019 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Foundations of a Free Society brings together some of the most knowledgeable Ayn Rand scholars and proponents of her philosophy, as well as notable critics, putting them in conversation with other intellectuals who also see themselves as defenders of capitalism and individual liberty. United by the view that there is something importantly right—though perhaps also much wrong—in Rand’s political philosophy, contributors reflect on her views with the hope of furthering our understandings of what sort of society is best and why. (...)
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  24.  47
    Prodicus the Sophist. By Robert Mayhew.John Palmer - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):853-855.
    © 2013 The Editors of The Philosophical QuarterlyProdicus of Ceos was a major figure of the sophistic movement in Greece during the latter part of the fifth century bc. He features in a number of Platonic dialogues in ways that suggest he was regarded by Socrates more sympathetically than the other sophists. Robert Mayhew has undertaken to present and discuss all the extant textual evidence for Prodicus’ life and thought. The presentation consists of ninety pieces of mostly Greek and (...)
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  25.  25
    Review of Mayhew, The Female in Aristotle's Biology. [REVIEW]Thornton Lockwood - 2004 - Bryn Mawr Classical Review 9:19.
    Natural philosophers make mistakes. Descartes got the laws of inertia wrong, Kant misunderstood the primacy of Euclidian geometry, and almost everyone (except perhaps Aristarchus of Samos) prior to the discovery of the telescope mistakenly thought that the solar system was geocentric. That we find Aristotle mistaken on questions in the life sciences — questions which required advances such as the microscope to even articulate — should come as little surprise. There seems nothing remarkable in the fact that Aristotle mistakenly thought (...)
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  26.  10
    THEOPHRASTUS’ DISCUSSION OF WINDS. Mayhew Theophrastus of Eresus: On Winds. Pp. X + 374. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2018. Cased, €165, US$190. ISBN: 978-90-04-35182-0. [REVIEW]Joanna Komorowska - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-2.
  27. The Female in Aristotle’s Biology: Reason or Rationalization.Robert Mayhew - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):400-402.
     
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  28.  18
    Book Reviews: Robert Mayhew, The Female in Aristotle’s Biology: Reason or Rationalization , Xi + 136 Pp., $28.00. [REVIEW]Marguerite Deslauriers - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):400-402.
  29. The Aristotelian Problemata Physica : Philosophical and Scientific Investigations.Robert Mayhew (ed.) - 2015 - Brill.
    The Problemata physica has long been neglected. The essays in this collection do much to remedy this, and provide insights into the nature of philosophical inquiry in the Lyceum during Aristotle’s life and in the years following his death.
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  30.  38
    Plato Laws 10.Robert Mayhew - 2010 - Ancient Philosophy 30 (2):437-441.
  31.  13
    Laws 10. Plato & Robert Mayhew - 2008 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Knowledge of Greek is not assumed, and the Greek that does appear has been transliterated. It is the first commentary in English of any kind on Laws 10 for nearly 140 years.
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  32.  21
    PROBLEMATA. R. Mayhew The Aristotelian Problemata Physica. Philosophical and Scientific Investigations. Pp. Xvi + 467, Ills. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2015. Cased, €168, US$218. ISBN: 978-90-04-28085-4. [REVIEW]Laura M. Castelli - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (2):369-371.
  33.  28
    Overview of Systematic Reviews of the Effectiveness of Reminders in Improving Healthcare Professional Behavior.Amy Cheung, Michelle Weir, Alain Mayhew, Nicole Kozloff, Kaitlyn Brown & Jeremy Grimshaw - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  34. Aristotle Politics: Books V and VI.Robert Mayhew & David Keyt - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):593.
    This book completes the Clarendon Aristotle Series edition of the Politics. One might assume that, since David Keyt’s contribution is the last of the four on the Politics, when Aristotle scholars agreed to write these volumes, he was fourth in line and so got stuck with Politics V–VI. Surely, one might think, few would choose Politics V–VI over Politics I–II, with its fascinating discussions of the fundamental nature of the polis, the infamous chapters on slavery, and the critique of the (...)
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  35.  6
    ARISTOTLE ON HOMER - Mayhew Aristotle's Lost Homeric Problems. Textual Studies. Pp. Xxvi + 224, Ills. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. Cased, £60, US$75. ISBN: 978-0-19-883456-4. [REVIEW]Yoav Rinon - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-2.
  36.  62
    Part and Whole in Aristotle‘s Political Philosophy.Robert Mayhew - 1997 - The Journal of Ethics 1 (4):325-340.
    It is often held that according to Aristotle the city is a natural organism. One major reason for this organic interpretation is no doubt that Aristotle describes the relationship between the individual and the city as a part-whole relationship, seemingly the same relationship that holds between the parts of a natural organism and the organism itself. Moreover, some scholars (most notably Jonathan Barnes) believe this view of the city led Aristotle to accept an implicit totalitarianism. I argue, however, that an (...)
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  37.  26
    Review of Robert Mayhew, Plato: Laws 10[REVIEW]Nathan Powers - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).
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  38. Theophrastus of Eresus: on Winds.Robert Mayhew - 2017 - Brill.
    Robert Mayhew’s _Theophrastus of Eresus: On Winds_ includes an edition of the Greek text with an English translation and lengthy commentary on the sole Peripatetic treatise devoted to winds.
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  39. Essays on Ayn Rand's Anthem.Robert Mayhew - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (2):392-396.
    The essays in this collection treat historical, literary, and philosophical topics related to Ayn Rand's Anthem, an anti-utopia fantasy set in the future. The first book-length study on Anthem, this collection covers subjects such as free will, political freedom, and the connection between freedom and individual thought and privacy.
     
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  40. New Perspectives on Malthus.Robert J. Mayhew (ed.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Robert Malthus was a pioneer in demography, economics and social science more generally whose ideas prompted a new 'Malthusian' way of thinking about population and the poor. On the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of his birth, New Perspectives on Malthus offers an up-to-date collection of interdisciplinary essays from leading Malthus experts who reassess his work. Part one looks at Malthus's achievements in historical context, addressing not only perennial questions such as his attitude to the Poor (...)
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  41.  6
    Comments on Arturo Hermann's Paper, 'The Decline of the “Original Institutional Economics”'.Anne Mayhew - 2018 - Economic Thought 7 (1):87.
    Read Arturo Hermann's paper, 'The Decline of the "Original Institutional Economics" in the Post-World War II Period and the Perspectives of Today'...
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  42.  2
    Essays on Ayn Rand's We the Living.Robert Mayhew (ed.) - 2004 - Lexington Books.
    Ayn Rand's first novel, We the Living, offers an early form of the author's nascent philosophy—the philosophy Rand later called Objectivism. Robert Mayhew's collection of entirely new essays brings together pre-eminent scholars of Rand's writing. In part a history of We the Living, from its earliest drafts to the Italian film later based upon it, Mayhew's collection goes on to explore the enduring significance of Rand's first novel as a work both of philosophy and of literature.
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  43.  5
    Plato: Laws 10: Translated with an Introduction and Commentary.Robert Mayhew (ed.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Book 10 of the Laws sets out Plato's last thoughts on the gods, piety, and religion. Robert Mayhew presents a new English translation of this important text with a detailed commentary that highlights its philosophical, political, and religious significance.
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  44.  1
    Book Review: Nick Mayhew Smith, Britain’s Holiest Places: The All-New Guide to 500 Sacred Sites. [REVIEW]Beverley Clack - 2012 - Feminist Theology 21 (1):116-117.
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  45.  34
    King-Bees and Mother-Wasps: A Note on Ideology and Gender in Aristotle's Entomology.Robert Mayhew - 1999 - Phronesis 44 (2):127-134.
  46.  2
    Odysseus Left Sleeping: A Note on a Possible Fragment From Aristotle’s Homeric Problems in the Divisiones Quae Dicuntur Aristoteleae.Robert Mayhew - 2022 - Hermes 150 (2):232.
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  47.  16
    Aristotle's Biology and His Lost Homeric Puzzles.Robert Mayhew - 2015 - Classical Quarterly 65 (1):109-133.
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  48.  70
    Aristotle on Property.Robert Mayhew - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (4):803 - 831.
    JONATHAN BARNES HAS WRITTEN RECENTLY that "Aristotle's remarks [on property] in the Politica are too nebulous to sustain any serious critical discussion." Some scholars are more confident about successfully getting to the bottom of Aristotle's opinions concerning property, but few have dealt with the topic in any detail. In this essay I shall investigate the relevant texts on property from the Aristotelian corpus, beginning with an especially careful look at Aristotle's criticism of Plato's communism of property. I shall also consider (...)
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  49.  21
    Between Love and Aggression: The Politics of John Bowlby.Ben Mayhew - 2006 - History of the Human Sciences 19 (4):19-35.
    While much has been written on the work of the psychoanalyst John Bowlby, little comment has been made on his political activities and how they related to his theorizing. In his work it can be seen how psychoanalytic ideas of love underlay not only his theory of attachment, but also the creation of new political ideas. Bowlby’s collaboration with Evan Durbin, a little-known but important economist and political philosopher, was underpinned by a belief that social responsibility was an evolved psychological (...)
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  50. Aristotle on Prayer.Robert Mayhew - 2007 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 2:295-309.
    In Metaphysics L, Aristotle presents a proof for the existence of an eternal, immaterial being – a prime mover, which he calls ‘god’. This being is pure thought, and the objects of divine thought do not seem to include particulars. This conception of god has major implications for religion. If the gods can not know individual humans, then they cannot knowingly act to benefit specific humans, responding to particular sacrifices, prayers, and actions. But this would seem to conflict with those (...)
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