Results for 'Ross W. I. Kessel'

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  1. Introduction.Ross W. I. Kessel & Andrew J. Griffin - 1983 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (2).
     
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  2. Changing access to hospital care: Altered values at the academic health center.Ross W. I. Kessel - 1983 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (2).
    Under the impact of cultural, economic and legislative forces the traditional role of the university health center is changing. The academic health center is rapidly evolving from a relatively undifferentiated general hospital, primarily responsible for the education of undergraduate students of medicine, into a center of clinical research, caring for very specialized mixes of patients, and having as its primary educational mission the training of subspecialists. The nature of the forces responsible for this change are analyzed, and some of its (...)
     
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  3.  96
    The works of Aristotle.J. A. Aristotle, W. D. Smith, John I. Ross, G. R. T. Beare & Harold H. Ross - 1978 - Franklin Center, Pa.: Franklin Library. Edited by W. D. Ross.
    v. 1. Nicomachean ethics. Politics. The Athenian Constitution. Rhetoric. On Poetics.--v. 2. Logic.--v. 3. Physics. Metaphysics. On the soul. Short physical treaties.--v. 4. On the heavens. On generation and corruption. Meteorology. Biological treatises.
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  4.  17
    Vector symbolic architectures are a viable alternative for Jackendoff's challenges.Ross W. Gayler - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):78-79.
    The authors, on the basis of brief arguments, have dismissed tensor networks as a viable response to Jackendoff's challenges. However, there are reasons to believe that connectionist approaches descended from tensor networks are actually very well suited to answering Jackendoff's challenges. I rebut their arguments for dismissing tensor networks and briefly compare the approaches.
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  5.  96
    British Medical Association: 1988, Philosophy & Practice of Medical Ethics, B.M. A., London, 94 pp. plus appendices, etc., 9.50 (paper). [REVIEW]R. W. I. Kessel - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (6):709-710.
  6. The Works of Aristotle. Vol. I, Categoriae and De Interpretatione.W. D. Ross, E. M. Edghill, A. J. Jenkinson, G. R. G. Mure & W. A. Pickard-Cambridge - 1929 - Humana Mente 4 (14):257-259.
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  7.  61
    Uffe Juul Jensen and Gavin Mooney (editors): 1990, Changing Values in Medical and Health Care Decision Making, John Wiley & Sons, 195 pp., Chichester, 21.50; New York, $57.50. [REVIEW]R. W. I. Kessel - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (4):479-480.
  8.  4
    The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith: Iii: Essays on Philosophical Subjects: With Dugald Stewart's `Account of Adam Smith'.W. P. D. Wightman, J. C. Bryce & I. S. Ross (eds.) - 1980 - Oxford University Press.
    A scholarly edition of a work by Adam Smith. The edition presents an authoritative text, together with an introduction, commentary notes, and scholarly apparatus.
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  9.  8
    The epistemology of patient safety research.W. B. Runciman, G. Ross Baker, P. Michel, I. L. Jauregui, R. J. Lilford, A. Andermann, R. Flin & W. B. Weeks - 2008 - International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare 6 (4).
    Patient safety has only recently been subjected to wide-spread systematic study. Healthcare differs from other high risk industries in being more diverse and multi-contextual, and less certain and regulated. Also many patient safety problems are low-frequency events associated with many, varied contributing factors. The subject of this paper is the epistemology of patient safety (the science of the method of finding out about patient safety). Patient safety research is considered here on the background of a risk management framework which requires (...)
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  10. Small stakes risk aversion in the laboratory: A reconsideration.Glenn W. Harrison, Morten I. Lau, Don Ross & J. Todd Swarthout - unknown
    Evidence of risk aversion in laboratory settings over small stakes leads to a priori implausible levels of risk aversion over large stakes under certain assumptions. One core assumption in statements of this calibration puzzle is that small-stakes risk aversion is observed over all levels of wealth, or over a â sufficiently largeâ range of wealth. Although this assumption is viewed as self-evident from the vast experimental literature showing risk aversion over laboratory stakes, it actually requires that lab wealth be varied (...)
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  11.  2
    The Student's Oxford Aristotle: Metaphysics: Metaphysica.W. D. Aristotle & Ross - 1942 - New York [etc.]: Oxford University Press. Edited by W. D. Ross.
    vol. I. Logic: Categoriae. De interpretatione. Analytica priora. Analytica posteriora.--vol. II. Natural philosophy: Physica. De caelo. De generatione et corruptione.--vol. III. Psychology: De anima. Parva Naturalia.--vol. IV. Metaphysics: Metaphysica.--vol. V. Ethics: Ethica Nicomachea.--vol. VI. Politics and poetics: Politica. De poetica.
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  12. Color science and spectrum inversion: A reply to Nida-Rumelin.Peter W. Ross - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):566-570.
    Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996) argues that color science indicates behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion is possible and raises this possibility as an objection to functionalist accounts of visual states of color. I show that her argument does not rest solely on color science, but also on a philosophically controversial assumption, namely, that visual states of color supervene on physiological states. However, this assumption, on the part of philosophers or vision scientists, has the effect of simply ruling out certain versions of functionalism. While (...)
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  13.  23
    The Tarikh-i-Rashidi of Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlát. A History of the Moghuls of Central AsiaMuntakhabu-t-tawārikhThe Tarikh-i-Rashidi of Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlat. A History of the Moghuls of Central AsiaMuntakhabu-t-tawarikh.James A. Bellamy, N. Elias, E. Denison Ross, Abdu-L.-Qādir Ibn-I.-Mulūk Shāh, George S. A. Ranking, W. H. Lowe, Wolseley Haig & Abdu-L.-Qadir Ibn-I.-Muluk Shah - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):138.
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  14. Empirical constraints on the problem of free will.Peter W. Ross - 2006 - In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. pp. 125-144.
    With the success of cognitive science's interdisciplinary approach to studying the mind, many theorists have taken up the strategy of appealing to science to address long standing disputes about metaphysics and the mind. In a recent case in point, philosophers and psychologists, including Robert Kane, Daniel C. Dennett, and Daniel M. Wegner, are exploring how science can be brought to bear on the debate about the problem of free will. I attempt to clarify the current debate by considering how empirical (...)
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  15. Spectrum Inversion.Peter W. Ross - forthcoming - In Derek Brown & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Colour. Routledge.
    This chapter examines the spectrum inversion hypothesis as an argument against certain kinds of account of what it’s like to be conscious of color. The hypothesis aims to provide a counterexample to accounts of what it’s like to be conscious of color in non-qualitative terms, as well as to accounts of what it’s like to be conscious of color in terms of the representational content of conscious visual states (which, according to some philosophers, is in turn given an account in (...)
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  16. The location problem for color subjectivism.Peter W. Ross - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (1):42-58.
    According to color subjectivism, colors are mental properties, processes, or events of visual experiences of color. I first lay out an argument for subjectivism founded on claims from visual science and show that it also relies on a philosophical assumption. I then argue that subjectivism is untenable because this view cannot provide a plausible account of color perception. I describe three versions of subjectivism, each of which combines subjectivism with a theory of perception, namely sense datum theory, adverbialism, and the (...)
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  17. Being Red and Seeing Red: Sensory and Perceptible Qualities.Peter W. Ross - 1997 - Dissertation, City University of New York
    I examine the metaphysical issue of the nature of color. I argue that there are two distinct ranges of colors, namely, physical colors, which are disjunctive monadic physical properties of physical objects, and mental colors, which are properties of neural processes. ;A pair of claims provide the motivation for subjectivist and dispositionalist proposals about the nature of color, proposals which I reject. The first claim holds that a description of colors according to our ordinary experience of color provides a specification (...)
     
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  18. Fitting color into the physical world.Peter W. Ross - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (5):575-599.
    I propose a strategy for a metaphysical reduction of perceived color, that is, an identification of perceived color with properties characterizable in non-qualitative terms. According to this strategy, a description of visual experience of color, which incorporates a description of the appearance of color, is a reference-fixing description. This strategy both takes color appearance seriously in its primary epistemic role and avoids rendering color as metaphysically mysterious. I’ll also argue that given this strategy, a plausible account of perceived color claims (...)
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  19. Phenomenal Externalism's Explanatory Power.Peter W. Ross - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (3):613-630.
    I argue that phenomenal externalism is preferable to phenomenal internalism on the basis of externalism's explanatory power with respect to qualitative character. I argue that external qualities, namely, external physical properties that are qualitative independent of consciousness, are necessary to explain qualitative character, and that phenomenal externalism is best understood as accepting external qualities while phenomenal internalism is best understood as rejecting them. I build support for the claim that external qualities are necessary to explain qualitative character on the basis (...)
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  20.  87
    The Relativity Of Color.Peter W. Ross - 2000 - Synthese 123 (1):105-129.
    C. L. Hardin led a recent development in the philosophical literature on color in which research from visual science is used to argue that colors are not properties of physical objects, but rather are mental processes. I defend J. J. C. Smart's physicalism, which claims that colors are physical properties of objects, against this attack. Assuming that every object has a single veridical (that is, nonillusory) color, it seems that physicalism must give a specification of veridical color in terms natural (...)
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  21. Common sense about qualities and senses.Peter W. Ross - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 138 (3):299 - 316.
    There has been some recent optimism that addressing the question of how we distinguish sensory modalities will help us consider whether there are limits on a scientific understanding of perceptual states. For example, Block has suggested that the way we distinguish sensory modalities indicates that perceptual states have qualia which at least resist scientific characterization. At another extreme, Keeley argues that our common-sense way of distinguishing the senses in terms of qualitative properties is misguided, and offers a scientific eliminativism about (...)
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  22. The appearance and nature of color.Peter W. Ross - 1999 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):227-252.
    The problem of the nature of color is typically put in terms of the following question about the intentional content of visual experiences: what’s the nature of the property we attribute to physical objects in virtue of our visual experiences of color? This problem has proven to be tenacious largely because it’s not clear what the constraints are for an answer. With no clarity about constraints, the proposed solutions range widely, the most common dividing into subjectivist views which hold that (...)
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  23. Explaining motivated desires.Peter W. Ross - 2002 - Topoi 21 (1-2):199-207.
    I examine a dispute about the nature of practical reason, and in particular moral reason, generated by Thomas Nagel's proposal of an internalist rationalism which claims we can explain motivation in terms of reason and belief alone. In opposition, Humeans contend that such explanations must also appeal to further desires. Arguments on either side of this debate typically assume that a rationalist or Humean conclusion can be reached independently of a claim about the nature of moral judgment. I'll maintain, to (...)
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  24. Color science and spectrum inversion: Further thoughts.Peter W. Ross - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):575-6.
    Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996) argues that color science indicates behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion is possible and raises this possibility as an objection to functionalist accounts of visual states of color. I show that her argument does not rest solely on color science, but also on a philosophically controversial assumption, namely, that visual states of color supervene on physiological states. However, this assumption, on the part of philosophers or vision scientists, has the effect of simply ruling out certain versions of functionalism. While (...)
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  25.  48
    Trichromacy and the neural basis of color discrimination.Peter W. Ross - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):206-207.
    I take issue with Saunders & van Brakel's claim that neural processes play no interesting role in determining color categorizations. I distinguish an aspect of color categorization, namely, color discrimination, from other aspects. The law of trichromacy describes conditions under which physical properties cannot be discriminated in terms of color. Trichromacy is explained by properties of neural processes.
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  26. Reading Pictures: the Impossible Dream?Ross Woodrow - 2010 - Analysis and Metaphysics 9:62-75.
    In this paper I chart the seismic shift that has occurred over the past three decades in attitudes towards the interpretation of visual images. My strategy implies the argument that the reading of visual images would appear to be an inevitability given the accelerating change of attitudes towards pictures as containers of determinate knowledge. French critical theorists (Foucault, Barthes, Derrida et. al.) dominated debate on interpretation of text and image in the 1980s, where my survey begins. Michel Foucault dismissed the (...)
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  27. What’s in a world? Du Bois and Heidegger on politics, aesthetics, and foundings.Ross Mittiga - 2019 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (2):180-201.
    Central to W.E.B. Du Bois’s political theory is a conception of “world” remarkably similar to that put forward, years later, by Martin Heidegger. This point is more methodological than historical: I claim that approaching Du Bois’s work as a source, rather than as a product, of concepts that resonated with subsequent thinkers allows us to better appreciate the novelty and vision of his political theory. Exploring this resonance, I argue, helps to refine the notions of world and founding present in (...)
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  28. Aristotle, Works of. Trans. into English under editorship of J. A. Smith and W. D. Ross. Parts I. and II., The Parva Naturalio, tr. J. I. Beare, and De Lineis Insecabilibus, tr. H. H. Joachim. [REVIEW]J. Handyside - 1908 - Mind 17:566.
     
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  29.  20
    Observation, working images and procedure: the ‘Great Spiral’ in Lord Rosse's astronomical record books and beyond.Omar W. Nasim - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):353-389.
    This paper examines the interrelations between astronomical images of nebulae and their observation. In particular, using the case of the ‘Great Spiral’ , we follow this nebula beginning with its discovery and first sketch made by the third Earl of Rosse in 1845, to giving an account, using archival sources, of exactly how other images of the same object were produced over the years and stabilized within the record books of the Rosse project. It will be found that a particular (...)
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  30.  22
    The Works of Aristotle.W. D. Ross (ed.) - 1908 - Encyclopæia Britannica.
  31. The Right and the Good.W. D. Ross - 1930 - Philosophy 6 (22):236-240.
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  32. The right and the good.W. Ross - 1932 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 39 (2):11-12.
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  33. The Right and the Good.W. D. Ross - 1931 - Mind 40 (159):341-354.
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  34. The Right and the Good.W. D. Ross - 1930 - International Journal of Ethics 41 (3):343-351.
     
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  35. The Right and the Good.W. D. Ross - 1935 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 119 (1):124-124.
     
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  36. The Right and the Good.W. D. Ross - 1932 - The Monist 42:157.
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  37. The Right and the Good. Some Problems in Ethics.W. D. Ross - 1930 - Oxford: Clarendon Press. Edited by Philip Stratton-Lake.
    The Right and the Good, a classic of twentieth-century philosophy by the eminent scholar Sir David Ross, is now presented in a new edition with a substantial introduction by Philip Stratton-Lake, a leading expert on Ross. Ross's book is the pinnacle of ethical intuitionism, which was the dominant moral theory in British philosophy for much of the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Intuitionism is now enjoying a considerable revival, and Stratton-Lake provides the context for a proper understanding (...)
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  38.  51
    W.D. Ross - Das Richtige und das Gute.W. D. Ross, Philipp Schwind & Bernd Goebel (eds.) - 2020 - Felix Meiner Verlag.
    Das »Richtige und das Gute« (1930), das ethische Hauptwerk W. D. Ross’, enthält eine Vielzahl wichtiger moralphilosophischer Thesen und Argumente, die bis in die Gegenwart kontrovers diskutiert werden. Im Mittelpunkt steht seine pluralistische Deontologie, der zufolge sich die richtige Handlung aus einer Abwägung der in der jeweiligen Situation relevanten und unableitbaren Prima-facie-Pflichten ergibt, von denen nur ein Teil auf die Optimierung der Handlungsfolgen bezogen ist. Diese Deontologie wurde zu einem modernen Klassiker unter den normativen ethischen Theorien. Darüber hinaus stellt (...)
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  39. Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics.W. D. Ross - 1949 - Philosophy 25 (95):380-382.
  40. Selections. Aristotle & W. D. Ross - 1956 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 18 (3):494-494.
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  41. Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics.W. D. Ross - 1953 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (12):374-375.
     
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  42. Aristotle’s Physics.W. D. Ross - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (43):352-354.
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  43. Aristotle's Metaphysics. A Revised text with Introduction and Commentary.W. D. Ross - 1925 - Mind 34 (135):351-361.
     
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  44. Aristotle's Physics.W. D. Ross - 1936 - Mind 45 (179):378-383.
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  45. Aristote.W. D. Ross - 1971 - Gordon & Breach.
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  46.  34
    The ethics of whistleblowing: Creating a new limit on intelligence activity.Ross W. Bellaby - 2018 - Journal of International Political Theory 14 (1):60-84.
    One of the biggest challenges facing modern societies is how to monitor one’s intelligence community while maintaining the necessary level of secrecy. Indeed, while some secrecy is needed for mission success, too much has allowed significant abuse. Moreover, extending this secrecy to democratic oversight actors only creates another layer of unobserved actors and removes the public scrutiny that keeps their power and decision-making in check. This article will therefore argue for a new type of oversight through a specialised ethical whistleblowing (...)
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  47.  45
    The Philosophical Aspect of the Theory of Relativity: A Symposium.W. D. Ross - 1920 - Mind 29 (116):415 - 445.
  48.  40
    The Right and the Good.Some Problems in Ethics.W. D. Ross & H. W. B. Joseph - 1933 - Journal of Philosophy 30 (19):517-527.
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  49. Aristotle.W. Ross - 1925 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 32 (1):10-11.
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  50.  17
    Justifying Cyber-intelligence?Ross W. Bellaby - 2016 - Journal of Military Ethics 15 (4):299-319.
    The surge in threats aided by or carried out through cyberspace has placed significant pressure on the intelligence community to adapt or leave itself open to attack. Indeed, many in both political and intelligence circles argue for access to ever greater amounts of cyber information in order to catch potential threats before they become real. By collecting all our digital information, the intelligence community argues that it is not only able to detail what people have done or are currently doing (...)
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