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Rosemarie Tong [74]Rosemarie Putnam Tong [2]Rosemarie Behensky Tong [1]
  1.  25
    Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics. By Margaret Urban Walker. New York: Routledge, 1998.Rosemarie Tong - 1998 - Hypatia 14 (2):121-124.
  2.  25
    Feminist Thought: A Comprehensive Introduction.Rosemarie Tong - 2013 - Routledge.
    In this survey of feminist theory, Rosemarie Tong provides coverage of the psychoanalytic, existential and postmodern schools of feminism. The author guides the reader through the complexities of even the most notoriously difficult thinkers. Students will meet and become familiar with many of the essential figures in the feminist tradition, from Wollstonecraft and Engel, on through de Beauvoir, Dinnerstein, and Daly, and up to Mitchell and Cixous. The text treats all views with respect and encourages students to think critically and (...)
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  3.  6
    Feminist Approaches To Bioethics: Theoretical Reflections And Practical Applications.Rosemarie Tong - 1997 - Westview Press.
    No other cluster of medical issues affects the genders as differently as those related to procreationcontraception, sterilization, abortion, artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization, surrogate motherhood, and genetic screening. Rosemarie Tong s approach to feminist bioethics serves as a catalyst to bring together different feminist voices in hope of actually doing something to make gender equity a present reality rather than a mere future possibility.".
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  4. Feminine and Feminist Ethics.Rosemarie Tong - 1995 - Social Philosophy Today 10:183-205.
  5. Feminist Approaches to Bioethics: Theoretical Reflections and Practical Applications.Rosemarie Tong - 1998 - Hypatia 13 (4):112-116.
     
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  6. The ethics of care: A feminist virtue ethics of care for healthcare practitioners.Rosemarie Tong - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (2):131 – 152.
    In this paper I seek to distinguish a feminist virtue ethics of care from (1) justice ethics, (2) narrative ethics, (3) care ethics and (4) virtue ethics. I also connect this contemporary discussion of what makes a virtue ethics of care feminist to eighteenth and nineteenth century debates about male, female, and human virtue. I conclude that by focusing on issues related to gender - primarily those related to the systems, structures, and ideologies that create and sustain patterns of male (...)
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  7.  33
    Feminine and Feminist Ethics.Rosemarie Tong - 1995 - Social Philosophy Today 10:183-205.
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  8.  15
    Introduction: Feminist Approaches to Bioethics.Rosemarie Tong - 1996 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (4):315-319.
  9.  9
    Towards a feminist global ethics.Rosemarie Tong - 2022 - Global Bioethics 33 (1):14-31.
    In this article, I explain what makes a global bioethics “feminist” and why I think this development makes a better bioethics. Before defending this assertion explicitly, I engage in some preliminary work. First, I attempt to define global bioethics, showing why the so-called feminist sameness-difference debate [are men and women fundamentally the same or fundamentally different?] is of relevance to this attempt. I then discuss the difference between rights-based feminist approaches to global bioethics and care-based feminist approaches to global bioethics. (...)
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  10. Linking Visions: Feminist Bioethics, Human Rights, and the Developing World.Karen L. Baird, María Julia Bertomeu, Martha Chinouya, Donna Dickenson, Michele Harvey-Blankenship, Barbara Ann Hocking, Laura Duhan Kaplan, Jing-Bao Nie, Eileen O'Keefe, Julia Tao Lai Po-wah, Carol Quinn, Arleen L. F. Salles, K. Shanthi, Susana E. Sommer, Rosemarie Tong & Julie Zilberberg - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This collection brings together fourteen contributions by authors from around the globe. Each of the contributions engages with questions about how local and global bioethical issues are made to be comparable, in the hope of redressing basic needs and demands for justice. These works demonstrate the significant conceptual contributions that can be made through feminists' attention to debates in a range of interrelated fields, especially as they formulate appropriate responses to developments in medical technology, global economics, population shifts, and poverty.
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  11.  8
    Controversies in Feminism.James P. Sterba, Claudia Card, Jane Flax, Virginia Held, Ellen Klein, Janet Kournay, Michael Levin, Martha Nussbaum & Rosemarie Tong - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Feminism was born in controversy and it continues to flourish in controversy. The distinguished contributors to this volume provide an array of perspectives on issues including: universal values, justice and care, a feminist philosophy of science, and the relationship of biology to social theory.
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  12.  73
    The overdue death of a feminist chameleon: Taking a stand on surrogacy arrangements.Rosemarie Tong - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (2-3):40-56.
  13.  40
    Feminist perspectives on empathy as an epistemic skill and caring as a moral virtue.Rosemarie Tong - 1997 - Journal of Medical Humanities 18 (3):153-168.
  14.  26
    The epistemology and ethics of consensus: Uses and misuses of 'ethical' expertise.Rosemarie Tong - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (4):409-426.
    In this paper I examine the epistemology and ethics of consensus, focusing on the ways in which decision makers use/misuse ethical expertise. The major questions I raise and tentative answers I give are the following: First, are the ‘experts’ really experts? My tentative answer is that they are bona fide experts who often represent specific interest groups. Second, is the experts' authority merely epistemological or is it also ethical? My tentative answer is that the experts' authority consists not only in (...)
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  15.  29
    Long-term care for the elderly worldwide: Whose responsibility is it?Rosemarie Tong - 2009 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 2 (2):5-30.
    As human longevity increases, with people living well into their seventies and eighties, the need for long-term care for the elderly most certainly will grow. The longer people live, the more likely they fall prey to chronic disease, as well as to the standard toll the aging process takes on human bodies and psyches. In this article, I examine some of the concerns that a wide variety of governments, individuals, and families have expressed about meeting the long-term care needs of (...)
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  16. International migrant eldercare workers in Italy, Germany, and Sweden: A feminist critique of eldercare policy in the United States.Rosemarie Tong - 2013 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 6 (2):41-59.
    Hiring international migrant eldercare workers to work hard for little pay simply because this traveling workforce needs wages higher than those they would receive back home seems somehow “wrong.” The standard justification for hiring migrants seems more like an excuse than a justification. My purpose in this article, however, is not to condemn people who hire international migrant eldercare workers, but to suggest that these employers as well as their employees are caught in the same moral bind. Depending on how (...)
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  17.  38
    Love's Labor in the Health Care System: Working Toward Gender Equity.Rosemarie Tong - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):200-213.
    In this commentary on Eva Feder Kittay's Love's Labor: Essays on Women, Equality, and Dependency, I focus on Kittay's dependency theory. I apply this theory to an analysis of women's inadequate access to high-quality, cost-effective healthcare. I conclude that while quandaries remain unresolved, including getting men to do their share of dependency work, Kittay's book is an important and original contribution to feminist healthcare ethics and the development of a normative feminist ethic of care.
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  18. Cutting to the Core: Exploring the Ethics of Contested Surgeries.Michael Benatar, Leslie Cannold, Dena Davis, Merle Spriggs, Julian Savulescu, Heather Draper, Neil Evans, Richard Hull, Stephen Wilkinson, David Wasserman, Donna Dickenson, Guy Widdershoven, Françoise Baylis, Stephen Coleman, Rosemarie Tong, Hilde Lindemann, David Neil & Alex John London - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    When the benefits of surgery do not outweigh the harms or where they do not clearly do so, surgical interventions become morally contested. Cutting to the Core examines a number of such surgeries, including infant male circumcision and cutting the genitals of female children, the separation of conjoined twins, surgical sex assignment of intersex children and the surgical re-assignment of transsexuals, limb and face transplantation, cosmetic surgery, and placebo surgery.
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  19. Special section: Feminist approaches to bioethics.Rosemarie Tong - 1996 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 7.
  20.  23
    Towards a just, courageous, and honest resolution of the futility debate.Rosemarie Tong - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):165-189.
    This essay discusses the history of the "futility debate" and the motives that sometimes prompt health care professionals, health care providers, patients, and surrogates to take different sides in it. Changes in the health care system, financial responsibility shifts, technical medical advances, and medical care rationing are analyzed as contributors to the futility debate. So too are variations in the definition of futility examined as part of the current controversy. The respective attitudes of professionals, providers, patients, and surrogates in accepting (...)
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  21.  32
    Teaching bioethics in the new millennium: Holding theories accountable to actual practices and real people.Rosemarie Tong - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):417 – 432.
    Teaching bioethics in the new millennium requires its practitioners to confront a wide area of methodological alternatives. This essay chronicles the author's journey from the principlism of Beauchamp and Childress, through narrative and postmodern bioethics, to a complex feminist critique of postmodern bioethics that emphasizes functional human capabilities and the creation of structures that can facilitate free discussion of those capabilities and how best to realize them. Teaching bioethics concerns not only the acknowledgement of differences but also reminding ourselves of (...)
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  22.  11
    Vulnerability and Aging in the Context of Care.Rosemarie Tong - 2013 - In Catriona Mackenzie, Wendy Rogers & Susan Dodds (eds.), Vulnerability: New Essays in Ethics and Feminist Philosophy. Oup Usa. pp. 288.
  23.  83
    Out-of-Body Gestation.Rosemarie Tong - 2004 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):67-76.
    This article revisits the question of ectogenesis (out-of-body gestation) as our neonatal care and biogenetic technologies bring us closer to the possibility. In 1923, J.B.S. Haldane wrote approvingly of ectogenesis as a eugenic technique, using a science fiction format. In the 1970s and 1980s, feminists debated whether ectogenesis, if possible, would be liberating or oppressive for women. Given current legal and bioethical issues, we must now take seriously the possible costs of ectogenesis: the possibility of growing bodies for use as (...)
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  24.  32
    Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society.John-Stewart Gordon, Michael Boylan, Robert Paul Churchill, James A. Donahue, Marcus Duwell, Dale Jacquette, Tanja Kohen, Christopher Lowry, Seumas Miller, Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, Johann-Christian Poder, Edward H. Spence, Udo Schuklenk, Wanda Teays & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 2009 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
    The essays in this book engage the original and controversial claims from Michael Boylan's A Just Society. Each essay discusses Boylan's claims from a particular chapter and offers a critical analysis of these claims. Boylan responds to the essays in his lengthy and philosophically rich reply.
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  25. Feminist bioethics: Toward developing a "feminist" answer to the surrogate motherhood question.Rosemarie Tong - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (1):37-52.
    : Although a wide variety of feminist approaches to bioethics presently share a common feminist methodology (sometimes referred to as "raising the woman question"), they do not all share the same feminist politics, ontology, epistemology, and ethics. As a result of their philosophical differences, feminist bioethicists do not always agree on which biomedical principles, practices, and policies are best suited to serving women's interests. In other words, some feminist bioethicists insist that so-called "assisted reproduction" enhances women's procreative liberty, while others (...)
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  26.  13
    The virtues of blurring boundaries in body worlds.Rosemarie Tong - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):32 – 33.
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  27.  32
    In tribute to Anne Donchin.Susan Dodds, Carolyn Ells, Ann Garry, Helen Bequaert Holmes, Laura Purdy, Mary C. Rawlinson, Jackie Leach Scully & Rosemarie Tong - 2015 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1):1-17.
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  28.  37
    Competent refusal of nursing care.Denise M. Dudzinski, Sarah Elizabeth Shannon & Rosemarie Tong - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (2):14-15.
  29. Feminism and philosophy: essential readings in theory, reinterpretation, and application.Nancy Tuana & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 1995 - Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
    Feminist philosophy has had a powerful impact not just on philosophy but on other disciplines as well. This imaginatively edited anthology enables readers to sample this literature widely and to trace the breadth and the depth of its influence.
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  30.  72
    Feminism, Pornography and Censorship.Rosemarie Tong - 1982 - Social Theory and Practice 8 (1):1-17.
  31.  9
    The promises and perils of pragmatism: Commentary on Fins, Bacchetta, and Miller.Rosemarie Tong - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (2):147-152.
    : Fins, Bacchetta, and Miller's clinical pragmatism has several appealing features: an emphasis on dialogue, a commitment to consensus, a focus on particular individuals rather than persons in general, and a strong interest in the process as well as the product of moral decision making. Nevertheless, for all its protests to the contrary, clinical pragmatism has a tendency to privilege medical facts over nonmedical values, to conflate appropriate medical decisions with right moral decisions, and to conceive problems at the bedside (...)
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  32.  13
    Surrogate Motherhood.Rosemarie Tong - 2005 - In R. G. Frey & Christopher Heath Wellman (eds.), A Companion to Applied Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 369–381.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Moral Arguments against and for Surrogate Motherhood Legal Remedies for Surrogate Motherhood Perspectives of Health‐care Practitioners on Surrogate Motherhood Perspectives of Society on Surrogate Motherhood Conclusion.
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  33. Feminist Perspectives and Gestational Motherhood: the Search for a Unified Legal Focus.Rosemarie Tong - 1995 - In Joan C. Callahan (ed.), Reproduction, Ethics, and the Law: Feminist Perspectives. Indiana University Press. pp. 55--79.
  34.  8
    Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues.Robert Baker, Tom L. Beauchamp, Michael Boylan, Bernard Gert, Lawrence O. Gostin, Akiko Ito, Peter Tan & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 2014 - Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Editors Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon, and Alison Dundes Renteln have assembled the works of an interdisciplinary, international team of experts in bioethics into a comprehensive, innovative and accessible book. Topics covered range from torture and lethal injection to euthanasia, sex selection, vulnerable human subjects, to health equity, safety and public health, and environmental disasters like Bhopal, Fukushima, and more.
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  35.  26
    Setting organizational ethics within a broader social and legal context.George Khushf & Rosemarie Tong - 2002 - HEC Forum 14 (2):77-85.
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  36.  44
    Working within Contradiction: The Possibility of Feminist Cosmetic Surgery.Anna Kirkland & Rosemarie Tong - 1996 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (2):151-159.
  37.  4
    Editorial: International perspectives on the baby trade.Lisa M. Rasmussen & Rosemarie Tong - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (8):ii-iv.
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  38.  77
    David Archard, Sexual Consent:Sexual Consent.Rosemarie Putnam Tong - 1999 - Ethics 109 (3):643-644.
  39.  13
    Feminist justice: A study in difference.Rosemarie Tong - 1991 - Journal of Social Philosophy 22 (3):81-91.
  40.  22
    A Feminist Analysis of the Abuse and Neglect of Elderly Women.Rosemarie Tong & Howard Lintz - 2019 - In Wanda Teays (ed.), Analyzing Violence Against Women. Springer. pp. 167-176.
    There have been few feminist analyses of the abuse and neglect of elderly women per se. We think that most standard gerontological studies of the abuse and neglect of aging people have not disaggregated the group – elderly people – according to their differences in gender, race, ethnicity, social status, economic well-being, and so on. In contrast, feminist theory has certainly paid attention to gender differences, but many analyses have been surprisingly ageist. Feminists still focus on issues of concern to (...)
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  41. A Feminist Interpretation Of Engelhardt's Bioethics: More a Moral Friend Than a Moral Stranger.Rosemarie Tong - 1997 - Reason Papers 22:60-74.
     
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  42. A feminist personal worldview imperative.Rosemarie Tong - 2009 - In John-Stewart Gordon (ed.), Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society. Lexington Books.
     
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  43.  10
    An Introduction to Feminist Approaches to Bioethics: Unity in Diversity.Rosemarie Tong - 1996 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (1):13-19.
  44. Blessed are the peacemakers: Commentary on making peace in gestational conflicts.Rosemarie Tong - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (4).
    The purpose of this commentary on James Nelson's article [1] is to advocate introducing the ethics of care into the arena of gestational conflict. Too often the debate gets stalled in a maternal versus fetal rights headlock. Interventionists stress fetal over maternal rights: they believe education, post-birth prosecution or pre-birth seizure of pregnant women may be permissible. In contrast to interventionists, other philosophers stress that favoring fetal rights treats women like fetal containers. I question whether we should really consider issues (...)
     
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  45.  6
    Disability bioethics: Moral bodies, moral difference (review).Rosemarie Tong - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (2):175-180.
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  46.  35
    Disability bioethics: Moral bodies, moral difference, by Jackie Leach Scully.Rosemarie Tong - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (2):175-180.
    Jackie Leach Scully, Disability Bioethics: Moral Bodies, Moral difference, Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2008, reviewed by Rosemarie Tong.
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  47.  13
    Feminism and Feminist Bioethics: The search for a measure of unity in a field with rich diversity.Rosemarie Tong - 2003 - New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):85-100.
  48.  37
    Feminist Teachers, Graduate Students, and “Consensual Sex”.Rosemarie Putnam Tong - 1999 - Teaching Philosophy 22 (2):123-133.
    Taking up the case of Jane Gallop, this paper explores whether an eroticized pedagogical style can be truly effective for teaching feminist philosophy and to what extent there exists the possibility of consensual romantic relationships between teachers and students. In a book published five years after accusations of discriminatory sexual harassment, Gallop argues that an eroticized pedagogy more effectively delivers a feminist message than non-eroticized pedagogies because it provides a context in which sexual norms can be foregrounded, challenged, and even (...)
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  49.  31
    Gender and sexual discrimination.Rosemarie Tong - 2003 - In LaFollette H. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 219.
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  50.  28
    Gender‐Based Disparities East/West: Rethinking the Burden of Care in the United States and Taiwan.Rosemarie Tong - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (9):488-499.
    When feminist bioethicists express concerns about health‐related gender disparities, they raise considerations about justice and gender that traditional bioethicists have either not raised or raised somewhat weakly. In this article, I first provide a feminist analysis of long‐term healthcare by and for women in the United States and women in Taiwan. Next, I make the case that, on average, elderly US and Taiwanese women fare less well in long‐term care contexts than do elderly US and Taiwanese men. Finally, I explore (...)
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