Results for 'Romy Eskens'

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Romy Eskens
Stockholm University
  1.  10
    Other-Sacrificing Options: Reply to Lange.Romy Eskens - 2022 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 21 (2).
    In “Other-Sacrificing Options”, Benjamin Lange argues that, when distributing benefits and burdens, we may discount the interests of the people to whom we stand in morally negative relationships relative to the interests of other people. Lange’s case for negative partiality proceeds in two steps. First, he presents a hypothetical example that commonly elicits intuitions favourable to negative partiality. Second, he invokes symmetry considerations to reason from permissible positive partiality towards intimates to permissible negative partiality towards adversaries. In this paper, I (...)
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  2.  5
    Connecting Breaths.Romi Crawford - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (S2):S119-S120.
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  3. Agents’ Abilities.Romy Jaster - 2020 - Berlin, New York: De Gruyter.
    In the book, I provide an account of what it is for an agent to have an ability. According to the Success View, abilities are all about success across possible situations. In developing and applying the view, the book elucidates the relation between abilities on the one hand and possibility, counterfactuals, and dispositions on the other; it sheds light on the distinction between general and specific abilities; it offers an understanding of degrees of abilities; it explains which role intentions and (...)
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  4. Intentional Action Without Knowledge.Romy Vekony, Alfred Mele & David Rose - 2020 - Synthese 197:1-13.
    In order to be doing something intentionally, must one know that one is doing it? Some philosophers have answered yes. Our aim is to test a version of this knowledge thesis, what we call the Knowledge/Awareness Thesis, or KAT. KAT states that an agent is doing something intentionally only if he knows that he is doing it or is aware that he is doing it. Here, using vignettes featuring skilled action and vignettes featuring habitual action, we provide evidence that, in (...)
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  5.  47
    Neural Delays, Visual Motion and the Flash-Lag Effect.Romi Nijhawan - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (9):387-393.
  6. What is Fake News?Romy Jaster & David Lanius - 2018 - Versus 2 (127):207-227.
    Recently, the term «fake news» has become ubiquitous in political and public discourse and the media. Despite its omnipresence, however, it is anything but clear what fake news is. An adequate and comprehensive definition of fake news is called for. We take steps towards this goal by providing a systematic account of fake news that makes the phenomenon tangible, rehabilitates the use of the term, and helps us to set fake news apart from related phenomena. (You can email us for (...)
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  7. Speaking of Fake News: Definitions and Dimensions.Romy Jaster & David Lanius - 2021 - In Sven Bernecker, Amy Flowerree & Thomas Grundmann (eds.), The Epistemology of Fake News. Oxford University Press. pp. 19-45.
    This paper shows why defining „fake news“ is worthwhile and what a suitable definition of “fake news” might look like. We begin by introducing our definition of “fake news” (§2) and employ it to set fake news apart from related phenomena that are often conflated with it (§3). We then extract seven potential dimensions of the concept of fake news from the literature (§4) and compare the most representative definitions that have been proposed so far along those dimensions (§5). In (...)
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  8.  16
    50 Years of Responsibility Without Alternative Possibilities: Guest Editors’ Introduction.Jaster Romy & Keil Geert - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    2019 marked the 50th anniversary of Harry Frankfurt’s seminal paper ‘Moral responsibility without alternate possibilities’. The paper set an avalanche of research on the role of alternative possibilities for freedom and responsibility in motion which has not abated to this day. A good 50 years later, the debate over Frankfurt’s central argument and its implications is still very much alive. [...].
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  9.  12
    A Permanent Struggle Against an Omnipresent Death: Revisiting Environmental Racism with Frantz Fanon.Romy Opperman - 2019 - Critical Philosophy of Race 7 (1):57-80.
    This article contributes to recent work that has turned to Frantz Fanon for a socio-ecological approach to racism and colonization. Its intervention is to take up Fanon to critically reflect on the concept and use of “environmental racism,” one of the few approaches we have to hand to interrogate the place of race in discussions of the Anthropocene. It shows that a Fanonian approach to environmental racism integrates a socio-ecological perspective with decolonial political phenomenology. It uses this position as a (...)
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  10.  11
    Neuroadaptive Bayesian Optimization and Hypothesis Testing.Romy Lorenz, Adam Hampshire & Robert Leech - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (3):155-167.
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  11. Die Wahrheit schafft sich ab - Wie Fake News Politik machen.Romy Jaster & David Lanius - 2019 - Ditzingen: Reclam.
    Warum gibt es Fake News? Und warum verbreiten sie sich so erfolgreich? Weil der Mensch nicht so rational ist, wie er gerne denkt. Denn Fake News gibt es schon, solange es Nachrichten gibt. Neu ist nur ihr Ausmaß. Und das hat mit der Funktionslogik sozialer Netzwerke zu tun. Inhalte werden geteilt, weil man zu einer Gruppe gehören möchte, oder weil sie zu dem passen, was man ohnehin schon glaubt. Die Autoren des Bandes bieten eine umfassende Analyse der Erfolgsgeschichte von Fake (...)
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  12. Dispositional Accounts of Abilities.Barbara Vetter & Romy Jaster - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (8):e12432.
    This paper explores the prospects for dispositional accounts of abilities. According to so-called new dispositionalists, an agent has the ability to Φ iff they have a disposition to Φ when trying to Φ. We show that the new dispositionalism is beset by some problems that also beset its predecessor, the conditional analysis of abilities, and bring up some further problems. We then turn to a different approach, which links abilities not to motivational states but to the notion of success, and (...)
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  13.  2
    Christian Witness in a Multi-Religious World: Brazil and its Pulsating Plurality.Romi Márcia Bencke - 2019 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 36 (1):29-35.
    This article traces the efforts of the National Council of Churches in Brazil to endorse the document ‘Christian witness in a multi-religious world’ and to implement its recommendations in the practice of churches in Brazil. The reception of the document is placed into the historical development of the ecumenical movement in Brazil since an important conference in 1962 in Recife, Brazil, and the impact the Second Vatican Council had in the Latin American country. The focus is then on how the (...)
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  14.  29
    Does the Voluntary Adoption of Corporate Governance Mechanisms Improve Environmental Risk Disclosures? Evidence From Greenhouse Gas Emission Accounting.Gary F. Peters & Andrea M. Romi - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (4):1-30.
    Prior research suggests that voluntary environmental governance mechanisms operate to enhance a firm’s environmental legitimacy as opposed to being a driver of proactive environmental performance activities. To understand how these mechanisms contribute to the firm’s environmental legitimacy, we investigate whether environmental corporate governance characteristics are associated with voluntary environmental disclosure. We examine an increasingly important attribute of a firm’s disclosure setting, namely the disclosure of greenhouse gas (GHG) information. GHG information represents proprietary non-financial information about the firm’s exposure to environmental (...)
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  15.  42
    Motion, Space, and Mental Imagery.Romi Nijhawan & Beena Khurana - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):203-204.
    In the imagery debate, a key question concerns the inherent spatial nature of mental images. What do we mean by spatial representation? We explore a new idea that suggests that motion is instrumental in the coding of visual space. How is the imagery debate informed by the representation of space being determined by visual motion?
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  16. Johan Vincent Galtung.Romy Messerschmidt - 2004 - In Gisela Riescher (ed.), Politische Theorie der Gegenwart in Einzeldarstellungen. Von Adorno Bis Young. Alfred Kröner Verlag. pp. 343--187.
     
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  17. Adapt or Exchange: Making Changes Within or Between Contexts in a Modular Plant Scenario.Romy Müller & Leon Urbas - forthcoming - Journal of Dynamic Decision Making:1-1.
    Most psychological studies investigating the balance between stability and flexibility in decision making use specific restrictions in their scenarios. These restrictions are likely to affect decision process, and it is unclear which of the findings can be transferred to more naturalistic decision contexts that call for a balance between stability and flexibility. Therefore, the present study used a scenario that is inspired by the problem structure found in a particular domain: Adapt/Exchange decisions in modular chemical plants. In this setting, we (...)
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  18. Contextualizing Free Will.Romy Jaster - 2020 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 74 (2):187-204.
    Hawthorne toys with the view that ascriptions of free will are context-sensitive. But the way he formulates the view makes freedom contextualism look like a non-starter. I step into the breach for freedom contextualism. My aim is twofold. On the one hand, I argue that freedom contextualism can be motivated on the basis of our ordinary practice of freedom attribution is not ad hoc. The view explains data which cannot be accounted for by an ambiguity hypothesis. On the other hand, (...)
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  19.  4
    Prototyping Criptical Neural Engineering — Tentatively Cripping Neural Engineering’s Cultural Practices for Cyborg Survival and Flourishing.Romy Rasper - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):35-49.
    This Discussion Note calls for attention to the cultural practices of Neural Engineering as part of the life sciences as practices and technologies of manufacturing life. Through focusing on Disability, Ableism, and especially Technoableism within the field, I point out instances of onto-epistemological violence, which influence the likelihood of survival of disabled people individually and as a group. By drawing on Crip Technoscience, a method assemblage is introduced that allows to address these issues in an intersectional-kyriarchal understanding of interlocking systems (...)
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  20.  31
    An Interview with Peter Carruthers.Romy Aran, Nathan Beaucage, Melissa Kwan & Peter Carruthers - 2020 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 27:13-21.
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  21.  37
    The Ability to Do Otherwise and the New Dispositionalism.Romy Jaster - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    According to the New Dispositionalist’s response to the Frankfurt Cases, Jones can do otherwise because Black merely masks (or finks), but does not deprive Jones of the relevant ability. This reasoning stands in the tradition of a line of thought according to which an informed view of the truth conditions of ability attributions allows for a compatibilist stance. The promise is that once we understand how abilities work, it turns out that the ability to do otherwise is compatible with determinism, (...)
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  22. The Linkage Between Leadership Styles, Employee Loyalty, and Turnover Intention in Healthcare Industry.Mochamad Vrans Romi, Nada Alsubki, Hana Mohammed Almadhi & Arfendo Propheto - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
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  23.  8
    The Influence of Corporate Sustainability Officers on Performance.Gary F. Peters, Andrea M. Romi & Juan Manuel Sanchez - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (4):1065-1087.
    The creation of a specialized executive position that oversees sustainability activities represents a distinct shift in the structure of top management teams and their approach for addressing sustainability concerns. However, little is known about these management team members, namely the corporate sustainability officers or CSOs. We examine CSO appointments and their association with subsequent sustainability performance. Our results indicate that the creation of a CSO position may represent more of a symbolic versus substantive governance mechanism. Further tests suggest that CSO (...)
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  24.  51
    Hamid Reza Yousefi/Ina Braun-Interkulturalität. Eine interdisziplinäre Einführung.Romy Albrecht - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (4):62.
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  25.  11
    Environmental Duty of Care: From Ethical Principle Towards a Code of Practice for the Grazing Industry in Queensland (Australia). [REVIEW]Romy Greiner - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (4):527-547.
    Among the options of government for reducing negative environmental externalities from agriculture is the institution of a polluter statutory liability. An environmental duty of care imposes a statutory liability on agents who interact with the environment to avoid causing environmental harm. This paper documents environmental duty of care provisions governing landholders in Queensland, Australia, with specific reference to the 2007 Queensland State Rural Leasehold Land Strategy. The paper reports on a positive response by a group of leaseholders within the Northern (...)
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  26.  16
    Euthanasia Requests in Dementia Cases; What Are Experiences and Needs of Dutch Physicians? A Qualitative Interview Study.Jaap Schuurmans, Romy Bouwmeester, Lamar Crombach, Tessa van Rijssel, Lizzy Wingens, Kristina Georgieva, Nadine O’Shea, Stephanie Vos, Bram Tilburgs & Yvonne Engels - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-9.
    In the Netherlands, in 2002, euthanasia became a legitimate medical act, only allowed when the due care criteria and procedural requirements are met. Legally, an Advanced Euthanasia Directive can replace direct communication if a patient can no longer express his own wishes. In the past decade, an exponential number of persons with dementia share a euthanasia request with their physician. The impact this on physicians, and the consequent support needs, remained unknown. Our objective was to gain more insight into the (...)
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  27. Mark Rothko and Romy Castro.Paulo Alexandre E. Castro (ed.) - 2014 - New York: Thephilosophersbookcompany & Createspace.
    This book is about what Mark Rothko and Romy Castro think about painting. The bottom line placed here is: what is matter for a painter? What they want to communicate with their art? And how they do it? This book seeks to uncover some of the secrets that are in minds painters. In the backgrond, waht unites, apparently, two such different artists is the way they establish intimacy with matter, even that a concept of matter or intimacy may assume (...)
     
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  28.  2
    Misreferencing Practice of Scientists: Inside Researchers’ Sociological and Bibliometric Profiles.Romy Sauvayre - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-12.
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  29.  22
    Hamid Reza Yousefi/Ina Braun: Interkulturalität. Eine interdisziplinäre Einführung.Romy Albrecht - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (1):062-065.
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  30.  24
    Young Children’s Protest: What It Can (Not) Tell Us About Early Normative Understanding.Johannes L. Brandl, Frank Esken, Beate Priewasser & Eva Rafetseder - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):719-740.
    In this paper we address the question how children come to understand normativity through simple forms of social interaction. A recent line of research suggests that even very young children can understand social norms quite independently of any moral context. We focus on a methodological procedure developed by Rakoczy et al., Developmental Psychology, 44, 875–881, that measures children’s protest behaviour when a pre-established constitutive rule has been violated. Children seem to protest when they realize that rule violations are not allowed (...)
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  31.  32
    Predictive Perceptions, Predictive Actions, and Beyond.Romi Nijhawan - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):222-239.
    Challenges to visual prediction as an organizing concept come from three main sources: (1) from observations arising from the results of experiments employing unpredictable motion, (2) from the assertions that motor processes compensate for all neural delays, and (3) from multiple interpretations specific to the flash-lag effect. One clarification that has emerged is that visual prediction is a process that either complements or reflects non-visual (e.g., motor) prediction.
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  32.  18
    Early Forms of Metacognition in Human Children.Frank Esken - 2012 - In Michael Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The Foundations of Metacognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 134.
  33.  19
    Spatial Position and Perceived Color of Objects.Romi Nijhawan - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):43-44.
    Visual percepts are called veridical when a “real” object can be identified as their cause, and illusions otherwise. The perceived position and color of a flashed object may be called veridical or illusory depending on which viewpoint one adopts. Since “reality” is assumed to be fixed (independent of viewpoint) in the definition of veridicality (or illusion), this suggests that “perceived” position and color are not properties of “real” objects.
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  34. A Consciousness Reader.F. Esken & F.-D. Heckman (eds.) - 1998 - Schoeningh Verlag.
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  35.  8
    Begriffliches versus nicht-begriffliches Selbstbewusstsein.Frank Esken - 2014 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (5).
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  36.  3
    Schwerpunkt: Selbstbewusstseinsfähigkeiten in ihrer Entwicklung.Frank Esken - 2014 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (5).
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  37. Schlechte Nachrichten: Fake News in Politik und Öffentlichkeit.Romy Jaster & David Lanius - 2020 - In Michael Harnischmacher, Elfi Heinke, Ralf Hohlfeld & Michael Sengl (eds.), Fake News und Desinformation: Herausforderungen für die vernetzte Gesellschaft und die empirische Forschung. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
    Das Funktionieren moderner Demokratien hängt von der Informiertheit der Öffentlichkeit ab. Durch den Erfolg von Fake News und post-faktischer Politik ist die Informiertheit der Öffentlichkeit jedoch in Gefahr, zumal parallele Öffentlichkeiten zunehmend sogenannte alternative analoge und digitale Medienangebote nutzen. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir, wie sich Fake News verbreiten und Einfluss auf Öffentlichkeit und Politik gewinnen. Dazu analysieren wir das Zusammenspiel einer Reihe kognitiver Verzerrungen mit der Funktionsweise sozialer Medien sowie die strukturellen Anreize, die der digitalisierte Medienkapitalismus setzt. Beides spielt (...)
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  38.  1
    Seeking Public Values of Digital Energy Platforms.Rinie van Est, Romy Dekker & Irene A. Niet - 2022 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 47 (3):380-403.
    Digital energy platforms play a central role in the transition toward a more sustainable energy system. This research explores the effect of digital energy platforms on public values. We developed and tested a novel public value framework, combining values already embedded in energy and digitalization regulations and emerging values that have become more relevant in recent debates. We analyzed value changes and potential value tensions. We found that sustainability is prioritized, security is broadened to include cybersecurity, and values relevant for (...)
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  39. Wenn Wahrheit wertlos wird: Demonstrativer Bullshit in der digitalisierten Öffentlichkeit.Romy Jaster & David Lanius - forthcoming - In Politische Bildung für die «neue» Öffentlichkeit? Springer.
    Das aktuelle politische Zeitgeschehen offenbart zunehmend ein Phänomen, das in der philosophischen Fachliteratur als „Bullshit“ bezeichnet wird. Im Unterschied zum Lügner, der über die Fakten täuschen will, stellt der Bullshitter seine Behauptungen ohne jedwede Orientierung an der Wahrheitsfindung auf. Wir unterscheiden verschiedene Arten von Bullshit und führen das Konzept des demonstrativen Bullshits ein. Wie wir zeigen, hat demonstrativer Bullshit im politischen Diskurs besondere Sprengkraft. Bullshitten politische Akteure demonstrativ, untergraben sie damit die Norm der Wahrheit im gesellschaftlichen Diskurs und tragen auf (...)
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  40. Précis Zu: Agents' Abilities.Romy Jaster - 2020 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 74 (3):443-447.
  41.  24
    Wen sollte man nicht an die Universität einladen?Romy Jaster & Geert Keil - 2021 - In Elif Özmen (ed.), Wissenschaftsfreiheit im Konflikt. Berlin, Deutschland: Springer / Metzler. pp. 141-159.
    Welche Beschränkungen sollten sich Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler bei der Entscheidung auferlegen, wen sie als Vortragende zu universitären Veranstaltungen einladen? Und von welchen Überlegungen sollten sie sich dabei leiten lassen? Gibt es Personen, die für einen Auftritt an der Universität schlechthin ungeeignet sind? Wenn ja, aufgrund welcher Eigenschaften oder aus welchen anderen Gründen? Wir argumentieren zunächst, dass jüngere Kontroversen über die Einladung politisch exponierter Sprecher zu akademischen Veranstaltungen den Blick auf diese universitätspolitischen Fragen eher verstellt haben, insoweit sie als Streit um (...)
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  42. Fähigkeiten und das Problem des Determinismus.Romy Jaster & Ansgar Beckermann - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 3 (72):317-342.
    Nicht nur Locke war der Auffassung, dass Willensfreiheit voraussetzt, dass ein Mensch bestimmte Fähigkeiten besitzt. Aber kann ein Mensch die für Freiheit entscheidenden Fähigkeiten auch dann besitzen, wenn der Weltverlauf vollständig determiniert ist? Unsere These ist, dass Akteure auch in einer deterministischen Welt über die freiheitsrelevanten Fähigkeiten verfügen können. Unser Argument hat vier Schritte. Im ersten Schritt argumentieren wir dafür, dass eine Fähigkeitstheorie bestimmte Anforderungen erfüllen muss, die sich im Zusammenhang mit freiheitsrelevanten Fähigkeiten als einschlägig erweisen werden, und stellen exemplarisch (...)
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  43.  13
    Measuring Mainstream US Cultural Values.Caroline Josephine Doran & Romie Frederick Littrell - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):261-280.
    To determine and describe ‘mainstream US culture’ responses to the Schwartz Values Survey version 57 were collected and analyzed amongst two samples, one from 49 states, disregarding state of residence, and another from 27 US states comparing samples by state, with the 27-state populations representing about 82 % of the total US population. Statistical comparisons indicate that the responses of the samples categorised by the total US and state of residence samples and Schwartz’ ten individual cultural values show a cohesive (...)
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  44. Nicht (ganz) agentive Fähigkeiten, unterlassene Handlungen und misslungene Versuche: Antworten auf David Heering und David Löwenstein.Romy Jaster - 2020 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 74 (3):460-464.
  45. Mehr Öffentlichkeit wagen. Wie(so) über Wahrheit reden?Romy Jaster - 2020 - In Georg Brun & Claus Beisbart (eds.), Mit Philosophie die Welt verändern. Basel: Schwabe. pp. 135-175.
  46.  4
    Wen sollte man nicht an die Universität einladen?Romy Jaster & Geert Keil - 2021 - In Elif Özmen (ed.), Wissenschaftsfreiheit Im Konflikt. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 141-159.
    Welche Beschränkungen sollten sich Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler bei der Entscheidung auferlegen, wen sie als Vortragende zu universitären Veranstaltungen einladen? Wir argumentieren zunächst, dass einladungspolitische Fragen weder die Wissenschafts- noch die Meinungs- und Redefreiheit betreffen. Dann erörtern wir die liberale Auffassung, nach der sich Einladungsverbote überhaupt nicht begründen lassen. Demgegenüber vertreten manche Debattenteilnehmer ein moralisches Ausschlusskriterium: Positionen, in denen Rassismus oder andere Arten gruppenbezogener Menschenfeindlichkeit zum Ausdruck kommen, dürften an Universitäten kein Forum bekommen. Andere ziehen die rote Linie dort, wo zu (...)
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  47. Fähigkeiten und Dispositionen (Draft).Romy Jaster - manuscript
    In diesem Aufsatz argumentiere ich für eine teleologische Fähigkeitstheorie, derzufolge Fähigkeiten Dispositionen zu zweckmäßigem Handeln sind.
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  48.  10
    Student Teachers' Discipline Strategies: Relations with Self-Images, Anticipated Student Responses and Control Orientation.Romi de Jong, Jan van Tartwijk, Theo Wubbels, Ietje Veldman & Nico Verloop - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (5):582-597.
    Teacher discipline strategies are well documented when it comes to its effects on students and the working climate in the classroom. Although it is commonly acknowledged that for student teachers classroom management is a major concern, student teachers? use of discipline strategies is largely unknown. In this paper, we examine student teachers? beliefs in relation to their discipline strategies. Three clusters of discipline strategies are distinguished: sensitive, directive and aggressive discipline strategies. Beliefs that were taken into account are self-images on (...)
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  49. Contextualism and Gradability.Romy Jaster - 2013 - GAP.8 Proceedings.
    Contextualism in epistemology is the claim that the knowledge predicate is contextsensitive in the sense that it has different truth conditions across different contexts of use. Jason Stanley objects against this view that if it were correct! then "know" should be gradable in the same way as gradable adjectives. Since it lacks gradability it also lacks the postulated contextsensitivity. Or so Stanley argues. In this paper I show that the contextualist is not committed to the gradability of the knowledge predicate (...)
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  50.  12
    Praktische Intelligenz als Fähigkeit. Kommentar zu Praktische Intelligenz und die Zweiteilung des Wissens.Romy Jaster - 2021 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 75 (2):300-305.
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