Results for 'Rolf Pfister'

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  1.  32
    Towards a theory of abduction based on conditionals.Rolf Pfister - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-30.
    Abduction is considered the most powerful, but also the most controversially discussed type of inference. Based on an analysis of Peirce’s retroduction, Lipton’s Inference to the Best Explanation and other theories, a new theory of abduction is proposed. It considers abduction not as intrinsically explanatory but as intrinsically conditional: for a given fact, abduction allows one to infer a fact that implies it. There are three types of abduction: Selective abduction selects an already known conditional whose consequent is the given (...)
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  2.  18
    Correction: Towards a theory of abduction based on conditionals.Rolf Pfister - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-1.
  3.  51
    Networked Expertise in the Era of Many-to-many Communication: On Wikipedia and Invention.Damien Smith Pfister - 2011 - Social Epistemology 25 (3):217-231.
    This essay extends the observations made in E. Johanna Hartelius’ The rhetoric of expertise about the nature of expertise in digital contexts. I argue that digital media introduce a scale of communication—many-to-many—that reshapes how the invention of knowledge occurs. By examining how knowledge production on Wikipedia occurs, I illustrate how many-to-many communication introduces a new model of “participatory expertise.” This model of participatory expertise challenges traditional information routines by elevating procedural expertise over subject matter expertise and opening up knowledge production (...)
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  4.  4
    Inertia and Gravitation: The Fundamental Nature and Structure of Space-Time.Herbert Pfister - 2015 - Cham: Imprint: Springer. Edited by Markus King.
    This book focuses on the phenomena of inertia and gravitation, one objective being to shed some new light on the basic laws of gravitational interaction and the fundamental nature and structures of spacetime. Chapter 1 is devoted to an extensive, partly new analysis of the law of inertia. The underlying mathematical and geometrical structure of Newtonian spacetime is presented from a four-dimensional point of view, and some historical difficulties and controversies - in particular the concepts of free particles and straight (...)
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  5.  5
    The Psychoanalytic Method.Oskar Pfister - 1999 - Routledge.
    First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  6.  8
    Justified belief as an epistemic aim of education.Jonas Pfister - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy of Education.
    Critical thinking is considered to be a central epistemic aim of education. The claim may be about skills, but also about the state of justified belief. In opposition to this latter view, Alvin Goldman claimed that justification is only a means to true belief and that the only fundamental epistemic aim of education is true belief. Harvey Siegel’s response defended the view that justified belief is in fact a fundamental epistemic aim of education. In a recent article, Alessia Marabini and (...)
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  7.  2
    Fiktionerna i det estetiska livet.Rolf Ekman - 1949 - Lund,: C. W. K. Gleerup.
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  8. Die Wirtschaftsethik Antonin's von Florenz (1389-1459).August Pfister - 1946 - Freiburg, Schweiz,:
     
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  9. Il metodo della scienca.Federico Pfister - 1948 - Firenze,: G. C. Sansoni.
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  10. The spirit has reasons that rationalists cannot fathom : the emergence of Christian Dao-ology in late twentieth century China.Lauren Pfister - 2011 - In Wayne Cristaudo & Heung-Wah Wong (eds.), From Faith in Reason to Reason in Faith: Transformations in Philosophical Theology From the Eighteenth to Twentieth Centuries. Upa.
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  11.  43
    Brentano's relation to Aristotle.Rolf George & Glen Koehn - 1986 - In Abraham Zvie Bar-On (ed.), Grazer Philosophische Studien. Distributed in the U.S.A. By Humanities Press. pp. 249-266.
    The paper tries to illustrate the influence of Aristotle's thought upon Brentano by arguing that the view that all psychological phenomena have objects was proably derived from the Aristotelian conception that the mind can know itself only en parergo, and that this knowledge presupposes that some other thing be in the mind "objectively". Brentano's contribution to Aristotle scholarship is illustrated by reviewing some of his arguments against Zeller's claim that Aristotle's God, contemplating only himself, is ignorant of the world. The (...)
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  12.  5
    Nikomachische Ethik.Eugen Rolfes - 1985 - Hamburg: F. Meiner. Edited by Günther Bien.
    Gegenstand der Nikomachischen Ethik (ca. 335-323 v. Chr.) ist das >tätige Leben.
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  13.  5
    Die lehre von der identität in der deutschen logik-wissenschaft seit Lotze.Rolf W. Göldel - 1935 - Leipzig,: S. Hirzel.
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  14.  2
    Stände und Repräsentation beim jungen Hegel.Rolf K. Hočevar - 1968 - München,: Beck.
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  15. Integrating population genetics with landscape ecology to infer spatio-temporal processes.Rolf Holderegger - 2007 - In Felix Kienast, Otto Wildi & S. Ghosh (eds.), A changing world: challenges for landscape research. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
  16.  1
    I egna ögon--och andras.Rolf Lagerborg - 1942 - Helsingfors,: Söderström.
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  17.  3
    Om Gud och världen: Thomas ab Aquinos lära om skapelsen.Rolf Lindborg - 1975 - Lund: Doxa.
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  18. Rechtserkenntnistheorie und fiktionslehre.Rolf Mallachow - 1922 - München,: Röel & cie.
     
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  19.  5
    Das Christentum und die Angst.Oskar Pfister - 1944 - Freiburg i.Br.: Walter. Edited by Thomas Bonhoeffer.
  20.  4
    Die Publizistik Karl Ludwig von Hallers in der Frühzeit, 1791-1815.Christoph Pfister - 1975 - Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang.
    Leben und Werk des Berner Staatstheoretikers und politischen Schriftstellers Karl Ludwig von Haller sind bisher nur ungenugend untersucht. Die fruhere wissenschaftliche Betrachtung beschrankte sich einseitig auf sein Restaurationswerk. Weiter fehlt bis heute eine Biographie Hallers. Eine erneute Betrachtung seiner Anschauungen und eine Biographie erfordern aber zuerst eine vollstandige Sichtung und Auswertung der vorhandenen Quellen. Die Untersuchung von Hallers publizistischem Wirken bis 1815 zeigt, wie viele unbekannte und unbeachtete Quellen der Forschung bisher verschlossen waren. Weiter weist die Darstellung nach, dass Haller (...)
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  21.  5
    Die Willensfreiheit: Eine Kritisch-Systematische Untersuchung.Oskar Pfister - 1904 - Berlin,: De Gruyter.
    Keine ausführliche Beschreibung für "Die Willensfreiheit" verfügbar.
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  22.  7
    The Metaphysics and the Epistemology of Meaning.Jonas Pfister - 2007 - De Gruyter.
    The book develops the metaphysics of meaning along the lines set up by Paul Grice, defining the three central notions of what is meant, said and implicated. The Gricean notion of what is said is threatened by semantic underdetermination: If the sentence underdetermines the thought it is used to express, what is said cannot be the proposition expressed by the sentence and meant by the speaker. This leads to a number of questions: How far does semantic underdetermination reach? Do we (...)
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  23.  15
    Hermeneutics: Philosophical understanding and basic orientations.Lauren F. Pfister - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (s1):3-23.
  24.  3
    Des Aristoteles schrift über die seele. Aristotle & Eugen Rolfes - 1901 - Bonn,: P. Hanstein.
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  25.  2
    Hippias minor oder Der falsche Wahre: über den Ursprung der moralischen Bedeutung von 'gut'.Rolf Schönberger & Thomas - 1989
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  26.  16
    The different faces of contemporary religious confucianism: An account of the diverse approaches of some major twentieth century chinese confucian scholars.Lauren Pfister - 1995 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 22 (1):5-79.
  27.  43
    Nicholas Pastore. Selective history of theories of visual perception: 1650–1950. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971. np.Rolf A. George - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (3):296-297.
  28.  76
    A first-order axiomatization of the theory of finite trees.Rolf Backofen, James Rogers & K. Vijay-Shanker - 1995 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (1):5-39.
    We provide first-order axioms for the theories of finite trees with bounded branching and finite trees with arbitrary (finite) branching. The signature is chosen to express, in a natural way, those properties of trees most relevant to linguistic theories. These axioms provide a foundation for results in linguistics that are based on reasoning formally about such properties. We include some observations on the expressive power of these theories relative to traditional language complexity classes.
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  29.  47
    A Study in Comparative Utopias - K’ang Yu-Wei and Plato.Lauren F. Pfister - 1989 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 16 (1):59-117.
  30.  17
    Considerations for the contemporary revitalization of confucianism: Meditations on te in the analects.Lauren Pfister - 1986 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 13 (2):239-265.
  31.  11
    Early Chinese Texts A Bibliographical Guide. Edited by Michael Loewe. Berkeley: The Society for the Study of Early China and The Institute of East Asian Studies, 1993. pp. xiv + 546. Hardback, US$35.00. ISBN 1-55729-943-1.Lauren Pfister - 1997 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24 (1):129-133.
  32.  49
    Left–right coding of past and future in language: The mental timeline during sentence processing.Rolf Ulrich & Claudia Maienborn - 2010 - Cognition 117 (2):126-138.
  33.  74
    Event-related potentials and cognition: A critique of the context updating hypothesis and an alternative interpretation of P3.Rolf Verleger - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):343.
    P3 is the most prominent of the electrical potentials of the human electroencephalogram that are sensitive to psychological variables. According to the most influential current hypothesis about its psychological significance [E. Donchin's], the “context updating” hypothesis, P3 reflects the updating of working memory. This hypothesis cannot account for relevant portions of the available evidence and it entails some basic contradictions. A more general formulation of this hypothesis is that P3 reflects the updating of expectancies. This version implies that P3-evoking stimuli (...)
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  34.  8
    Swimming problems: Hegel, Kant, and the demand for metatheory.Kasey Hettig-Rolfe - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    Hegel argues that Kant's critical project is analogous to the attempt to learn to swim before getting in the water. Some have taken this to indicate the broadly anti-epistemological nature of Hegel's philosophical system. In this paper, I offer a novel interpretation of the swimming argument which is both (i) compatible with a broadly epistemological conception of his Logic and (ii) more obviously efficacious against its intended target (viz. Kant). Briefly stated, the swimming argument is intended to reveal the reflexive (...)
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  35. Effects of perceptual fluency on judgments of truth.Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):338-342.
    Statements of the form ''Osorno is in Chile'' were presented in colors that made them easy or difficult to read against a white background and participants judged the truth of the statement. Moderately visible statements were judged as true at chance level, whereas highly visible statements were judged as true significantly above chance level. We conclude that perceptual fluency affects judgments of truth.
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  36.  18
    Who is talking in backward crosstalk? Disentangling response- from goal-conflict in dual-task performance.Markus Janczyk, Roland Pfister, Bernhard Hommel & Wilfried Kunde - 2014 - Cognition 132 (1):30-43.
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  37.  66
    Positive Empathy and Prosocial Behavior: A Neglected Link.Nils-Torge Telle & Hans-Rüdiger Pfister - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):154-163.
    Empathy facilitates everyday social interactions and has often been linked in the literature to prosocial behavior. Robust evidence has been found for a positive relationship between experiencing empathy and behaving prosocially. However, empathy, and the empathy–prosocial behavior relationship in particular, has been studied mostly in combination with negative emotions. Less research has been conducted on empathy for positive emotions, and the link between positive empathy and displayed prosocial behavior has not been intensively investigated so far. The purpose of the present (...)
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  38.  69
    The Frankfurt School: Its History, Theories, and Political Significance.Rolf Wiggershaus - 1994 - MIT Press.
    The book is based on documentary and biographical materials that have only recently become available.
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  39.  37
    Making replication mainstream.Rolf A. Zwaan, Alexander Etz, Richard E. Lucas & M. Brent Donnellan - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:1-50.
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  40.  26
    How Do Individuals Judge Organizational Legitimacy? Effects of Attributed Motives and Credibility on Organizational Legitimacy.Rolf Brühl, Melanie Eichhorn & Johannes Jahn - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (3):545-576.
    This experimental study examines individuals’ legitimacy judgments. We develop a model that demonstrates the role of attributed motives and corporate credibility for the evaluation of organizational legitimacy and test this model with an experimental vignette study. Our results show that when a corporate activity creates benefits for the firm—in addition to social benefits—individuals attribute more extrinsic motives. Extrinsic motives are ascribed when a corporation is perceived as being driven by external rewards as opposed to an altruistic commitment to a social (...)
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  41.  3
    Ontologische Aspekte der Nominalsemantik.Rolf Mayer - 1981 - Tübingen: ISSN.
    The book series Linguistische Arbeiten (LA) publishes high-quality work in linguistics that addresses current issues in synchrony and diachrony, theoretically or empirically oriented.
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  42. Marx und die Antike.Rolf Sannwald - 1957 - Zürich,: Polygraphischer Verlag.
     
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  43.  15
    Who Leads More and Why? A Mediation Model from Gender to Leadership Role Occupancy.Rolf Dick, Sebastian Schuh, Jordi Escartín & Alina Hernandez Bark - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (3):473-483.
    Previous research has shown that female leaders lead slightly more effective than male leaders. However, women are still underrepresented in higher management. In this study, we seek to contribute to a deeper understanding of this paradox by proposing and testing an innovative model that integrates different research streams on gender and leadership. Specifically, we propose power motivation and transformational leadership as two central yet opposing dynamics that underlie the relation between gender and leadership role occupancy. We tested this model in (...)
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  44. The Epistemic Status of Processing Fluency as Source for Judgments of Truth.Rolf Reber & Christian Unkelbach - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):563-581.
    This article combines findings from cognitive psychology on the role of processing fluency in truth judgments with epistemological theory on justification of belief. We first review evidence that repeated exposure to a statement increases the subjective ease with which that statement is processed. This increased processing fluency, in turn, increases the probability that the statement is judged to be true. The basic question discussed here is whether the use of processing fluency as a cue to truth is epistemically justified. In (...)
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  45. The Idea of Culture and the History of Emotions.Rolf Petri - 2012 - Historein 12:21-37.
    The essay operates an itemisation of the three main streams in the history of emotions: the history of individual emotions, the study of the role that emotions have in historical processes, and the reflection on the influence of emotions on history writing. The second part of the article is devoted to the methodological and theoretical status of the study of past emotions. It highlights how many studies in the history of emotions remain heavily conditioned by an idea of culture typical (...)
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  46. Thema Gott.Rolf Baumann - 1970 - [Stuttgart]: Evangelisches Bibelwerk; Katholisches Bibelwerk. Edited by Hellmut Haug.
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  47.  6
    Eine altfranzösische Übersetzung der Consolatio philosophiae des Boethius (Handschrift Troyes Nr. 898): Edition und Kommentar.Rolf Boethius, Schroth & Bibliothèque de Troyes - 1976 - Frankfurt M.: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften. Edited by Rolf Schroth.
    Die Untersuchung der wallonischen consolatio-Übersetzung führte zur Entdeckung und Neudatierung eines lateinischen consolatio-Kommentars, der auch von Jean de Meun benutzt wurde. Somit kann durch Gegenüberstellung von Vorlage und Übersetzung an einem konkreten Beispiel Einblick in die Übersetzungspraxis im Mittelalter gewonnen werden.
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  48.  4
    Naturvetenskapens ursprung.Rolf Ejvegård - 1968 - [Solna,: Seelig].
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  49. Boureau-Deslandes.Rolf Geissler - 1967 - Berlin,: Rütten & Loening. Edited by Deslandes.
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  50.  1
    René Descartes.Rolf Lindborg - 1968 - Stockholm [Sweden]: Natur och kultur.
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