122 found
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  1.  22
    The Duhem thesis.Roger Ariew - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4):313-325.
  2.  5
    Descartes and the last Scholastics.Roger Ariew - 1999 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    The volume touches upon many topics and themes shared by Cartesian and late scholastic philosophy: matter and form; infinity, place, time, void, and motion; the ...
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  3.  55
    Descartes and the First Cartesians.Roger Ariew - 2014 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Roger Ariew presents a new account of Descartes as a philosopher who sought to engage his contemporaries and society. He argues that the Principles of Philosophy was written to rival Scholastic textbooks, and considers Descartes' enterprise in contrast to the tradition it was designed to replace and in relation to the works of the first Cartesians.
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  4.  11
    Descartes' Philosophy Interpreted According to the Order of Reasons.Martial Guéroult, Roger Ariew & Alan Donagan - 1984
  5.  6
    Descartes among the Scholastics.Roger Ariew - 2011 - Boston: Brill. Edited by Roger Ariew.
    Descartes and the last Scholastics: objections and replies -- Descartes and the Scotists -- Ideas, before and after Descartes -- The Cartesian destiny of form and matter -- Descartes, Basso, and Toletus: three kinds of Corpuscularians -- Scholastics and the new astronomy on the substance of the heavens -- Descartes and the Jesuits of La Fleche: the Eucharist -- Condemnations of Cartesianism: the extension and unity of the universe -- Cartesians, Gassendists, and censorship -- The cogito in the seventeenth century.
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  6.  86
    G. W. Leibniz Philosophical Essays.Roger Ariew & Daniel Garber (eds.) - 1989 - Hackett.
    Although Leibniz's writing forms an enormous corpus, no single work stands as a canonical expression of his whole philosophy. In addition, the wide range of Leibniz's work--letters, published papers, and fragments on a variety of philosophical, religious, mathematical, and scientific questions over a fifty-year period--heightens the challenge of preparing an edition of his writings in English translation from the French and Latin.
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  7.  11
    Descartes and the tree of knowledge.Roger Ariew - 1992 - Synthese 92 (1):101 - 116.
    Descartes' image of the tree of knowledge from the preface to the French edition of the Principles of Philosophy is usually taken to represent Descartes' break with the past and with the fragmentation of knowledge of the schools. But if Descartes' tree of knowledge is analyzed in its proper context, another interpretation emerges. A series of contrasts with other classifications of knowledge from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries raises some puzzles: claims of originality and radical break from the past do (...)
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  8.  10
    Pierre Duhem.Roger Ariew - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9.  8
    Revolution and Continuity.Peter Barker & Roger Ariew - 2018 - CUA Press.
    This volume presents new work in history and historiography to the increasingly broad audience for studies of the history and philosophy of science. These essays are linked by a concern to understand the context of early modern science in its own context.
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  10.  6
    Galileo's lunar observations in the context of medieval lunar theory.Roger Ariew - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (3):213-226.
  11.  36
    The Nature of Cartesian Logic.Roger Ariew - 2021 - Perspectives on Science 29 (3):275-291.
    I argue that Descartes and the Cartesians are likely in agreement that logic is an ars cogitandi whose aim is to perfect the ingenium by the exercise of its operations: ideating, judging, discoursing, and ordering. We can see that these elements are the underpinning of both the Regulae and the Discourse on Method, and thus, like Adrien Baillet and others in the seventeenth century, we can understand these two works as embodying Descartes’ “logic,” despite Descartes’ notorious anti-logic Renaissance rhetoric in (...)
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  12. The scholastic background.Roger Ariew & Alan Gabbey - 1998 - In Daniel Garber & Michael Ayers (eds.), The Cambridge history of seventeenth-century philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--425.
     
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  13. What Descartes read : his intellectual background.Roger Ariew - 2019 - In Steven Nadler, Tad M. Schmaltz & Delphine Antoine-Mahut (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
     
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  14.  52
    Descartes' Meditations: Background Source Materials.Roger Ariew, John Cottingham & Tom Sorell (eds.) - 1998 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    No single text could be considered more important in the history of philosophy than Descartes' Meditations. This unique collection of background material to this magisterial philosophical text has been translated from the original French and Latin. The texts gathered here illustrate the kinds of principles, assumptions, and philosophical methods that were commonplace when Descartes was growing up. The selections are from: Francisco Sanches, Christopher Clavius, Pierre de la Ramee, Francisco Suárez, Pierre Charron, Eustachius a Sancto Paulo, Scipion Dupleix, Marin Mersenne, (...)
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  15.  7
    Philosophical Essays.Roger Ariew & Daniel Garber (eds.) - 1695 - Hackett.
    Features Leibniz's writings including letters, published papers, and fragments on a variety of philosophical, religious, mathematical, and scientific questions.
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  16.  15
    A Study of Spinoza's Ethics.Roger Ariew - 1987 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (4):649-654.
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  17.  20
    Duhem and Continuity in the History of Science.Roger Ariew & Peter Barker - 1992 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 46 (182):323-343.
  18.  35
    The Phases of Venus Before 1610.Roger Ariew - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (1):81.
  19.  6
    The Infinite in Descartes' Conversation with Burman.Roger Ariew - 1987 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 69 (2):140-163.
  20.  8
    La Logique de Port-Royal, les premiers cartésiens et la scolastique tardive.Roger Ariew - 2015 - Archives de Philosophie 78 (1):29-48.
    Résumé Dans quelle mesure la Logique de Port-Royal peut-elle être considérée comme une logique cartésienne? Et dans quelle mesure l’ Art de penser diffère-t-il des logiques antérieures? Telles sont les deux questions, étroitement liées l’une à l’autre, auxquelles je souhaite répondre dans cette étude en procédant à une série de comparaisons, d’une part avec ce que Descartes appelait sa logique, d’autre part avec ce que les cartésiens de la première génération entendaient par logique cartésienne, et pour finir avec l'évolution de (...)
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  21. Descartes and scholasticism: The intellectual background to Descartes' thought.Roger Ariew - 1992 - In John Cottingham (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Descartes. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 58--90.
     
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  22.  23
    Descartes: Philosophical Essays and Correspondence.Roger Ariew (ed.) - 2000 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    A superb text for teaching the philosophy of Descartes, this volume includes all his major works in their entirety, important selections from his lesser known writings, and key selections from his philosophical correspondence. The result is an anthology that enables the reader to understand the development of Descartes’s thought over his lifetime. Includes a biographical Introduction, chronology, bibliography, and index.
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  23.  27
    Theory of Comets at Paris During the Seventeenth Century.Roger Ariew - 1992 - Journal of the History of Ideas 53 (3):355-372.
  24.  7
    Duhem on Maxwell: A Case-Study in the Interrelations of History of Science and Philosophy of Science.Roger Ariew & Peter Barker - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:145 - 156.
    We examine Duhem's critique of Maxwell, especially Duhem's complaints that Maxwell's theory is too bold or not systematic enough, that it is too dependent on models, and that its concepts are not continuous with those of the past. We argue that these complaints are connected by Duhem's historical criterion for the evaluation of physical theories. We briefly compare Duhem's criterion of historical continuity with similar criteria developed by "historicists" like Kuhn and Lakatos. We argue that Duhem's rejection of theoretical pluralism (...)
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  25. Descartes and His Contemporaries: Meditations, Objections, and Replies.Roger Ariew & Marjorie Grene (eds.) - 1995 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Before publishing his landmark _Meditations_ in 1641, Rene Descartes sent his manuscript to many leading thinkers to solicit their objections to his arguments. He included these objections, along with his own detailed replies, as part of the first edition. This unusual strategy gave Descartes a chance to address criticisms in advance and to demonstrate his willingness to consider diverse viewpoints—critical in an age when radical ideas could result in condemnation by church and state, or even death. _Descartes and his Contemporaries_ (...)
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  26.  61
    Leibniz and Clarke: Correspondence.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Samuel Clarke & Roger Ariew - 2000 - Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company. Edited by Samuel Clarke & Roger Ariew.
    For this new edition, Roger Ariew has adapted Samuel Clarke's edition of 1717, modernizing it to reflect contemporary English usage. Ariew's introduction places the correspondence in historical context and discusses the vibrant philosophical climate of the times. Appendices provide those selections from the works of Newton that Clarke frequently refers to in the correspondence. A bibliography is also included.
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  27.  13
    Descartes and Pascal.Roger Ariew - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (4):397-409.
    There is a popular view that Descartes and Pascal were antagonists. I argue instead that Pascal was a Cartesian, in the manner of other Cartesians in the seventeenth century. That does not, of course, mean that Pascal accepted everything Descartes asserted, given that there were Cartesian atomists, for example, when Descartes was a plenist and anti-atomist. Pascal himself was a vacuuist and thus in opposition to Descartes in that respect, but he did accept some of the more distinctive and controversial (...)
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  28.  11
    Descartes, les premiers cartésiens et la logique.Roger Ariew - 2006 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 1 (1):55-71.
  29.  4
    Leibniz On the Unicorn and Various Other Curiosities.Roger Ariew - 1998 - Early Science and Medicine 3 (4):267-288.
    I discuss some of Leibniz's pronouncements about fringe phenomena__various monsters; talking dogs; genies and prophets; unicorns, glossopetrae, and other games of nature__in order to understand better Leibniz's views on science and the role these curiosities play in his plans for scientific academies and societies. However, given that Leibniz's sincerity has been called into question in twentieth-century secondary literature, I begin with a few historiographical remarks so as to situate these pronouncements within the Leibnizian corpus. What emerges is an image of (...)
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  30.  8
    Mind-body interaction in cartesian philosophy: A reply to Garber.Roger Ariew - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (S1):33-37.
  31.  17
    Historical Dictionary of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy.Roger Ariew, Dennis Des Chene, Douglas Michael Jesseph, Tad M. Schmaltz & Theo Verbeek - 2003 - Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. Edited by Dennis Des Chene, Douglas Michael Jesseph, Tad M. Schmaltz & Theo Verbeek.
    This is a dictionary of Descartes and Cartesian philosophy, primarily covering philosophy in the 17th century, with a chronology and biography of Descartes's life and times and a bibliography of primary and secondary works related to Descartes and to Cartesians.
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  32.  26
    The Intersections of Knowledge: Hobbes, Mersenne, Descartes.Roger Ariew - 2023 - Hobbes Studies 36 (2):197-212.
    Gregorio Baldin’s book, La croisée des savoirs, concerns the intellectual relations among Hobbes, Mersenne, and Descartes. The study is limited to the time between 1634 and 1648, starting when Hobbes first met Mersenne in Paris and ending when Mersenne died. It covers three main topics. Part i is devoted to the relations maintained by Hobbes with the circle of Mersenne during 1634–1636, which Baldin thinks are essential for the development of Hobbes’ scientific thought. Part ii develops the theme of the (...)
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  33. Descartes and Leibniz as readers of Suárez: theory of distinctions and principle of individuation.Roger Ariew - 2012 - In Benjamin Hill & Henrik Lagerlund (eds.), The Philosophy of Francisco Surez. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
  34.  26
    Modern Philosophy: An Anthology of Primary Sources.Roger Ariew & Eric Watkins (eds.) - 2009 - Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co..
    The leading anthology of its kind, this volume provides the key works of seven major philosophers, along with a rich selection of associated texts by other ...
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  35.  17
    Some Reflections on Thomas Kuhn's Account of Scientific Change.Roger Ariew - 2009 - Centaurus 51 (4):294-298.
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  36.  11
    Duhem on Maxwell: A Case-Study in the Interrelations of History of Science and Philosophy of Science.Roger Ariew & Peter Barker - 1986 - PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986 (1):145-156.
    Since the revival of historicist philosophy of science in the 1960s many philosophers have acknowledged a debt to Duhem. But Duhem’s opinions are imperfectly understood and, as McMullin has shown in his (1970) and (1979), there are many strands in the current revival of historicism. We consider here Duhem’s views on the role of history in the appraisal of scientific theories. However, there is no single text offering Duhem’s views on the subject; rather, they are revealed during their application to (...)
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  37. Ideas, in and before Descartes.Roger Ariew & Marjorie Grene - 1995 - Journal of the History of Ideas 56 (1):87-106.
  38.  11
    Damned If You Do: Cartesians and Censorship, 1663–1706.Roger Ariew - 1994 - Perspectives on Science 2 (3):255-274.
    I consider two events in late seventeenth-century philosophy: the condemnation of Cartesianism by the church, the throne, and the university and the noncondemnation of Gassendism by the same powers. What is striking about the two events is that both Cartesians and Gassendists accepted the same proposition deemed heretical. Thus, what was sufficient to condemn Cartesianism was not sufficient to condemn Gassendism. As a result, I suggest that to understand what is involved in condemnation one has to pay close attention to (...)
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  39.  51
    Did Ockham Use His Razor?Roger Ariew - 1977 - Franciscan Studies 37 (1):5-17.
  40. Descartes, the first Cartesians, and logic.Roger Ariew - 2003 - In Daniel Garber & Steven M. Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 3--241.
     
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  41. Modern Philosophy. An Anthology of Primary Sources.Roger Ariew & Eric Watkins - 2000 - Studia Leibnitiana 32 (2):242-244.
     
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  42.  29
    A Metaphysical Element in Descartes and the First Cartesians: Non-Univocal Predication.Roger Ariew - 2022 - The European Legacy 27 (3-4):227-238.
    Descartes’ physics is dependent on his metaphysics, which is to say, on knowledge of the nature of God and of the human soul. This is clear throughout Descartes’ work, but it is especially so in th...
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  43. Bernier et les doctrines gassendistes et cartésiennes de l'espace: Réponses au problème de l'explication de l'eucharistie.Roger Ariew - 1992 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 20:155-170.
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  44.  6
    Leibniz on the Unicorn and Various Other Curiosities.Roger Ariew - 1998 - Early Science and Medicine 3 (4).
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  45.  7
    Christopher Clavius and the Classification of Sciences.Roger Ariew - 1990 - Synthese 83 (2):293 - 300.
    I discuss two questions: (1) would Duhem have accepted the thesis of the continuity of scientific methodology? and (2) to what extent is the Oxford tradition of classification/subalternation of sciences continuous with early modern science? I argue that Duhem would have been surprised by the claim that scientific methodology is continuous; he expected at best only a continuity of physical theories, which he was trying to isolate from the perpetual fluctuations of methods and metaphysics. I also argue that the evidence (...)
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  46.  15
    Chronology of Eclipses and Comets, A.D. 1-1000D. Justin Schove Alan Fletcher.Roger Ariew & Peter Barker - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):347-348.
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  47.  14
    Comments on John Schuster and Frederic de Buzon concerning Physico–Mathematics and Mathesis in Descartes.Roger Ariew - 2018 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 7 (1):175-186.
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  48.  9
    Critiques scolastiques de Descartes: le cogito.Roger Ariew - 1997 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 53 (3):587-603.
  49.  14
    Descartes as critic of Galileo's scientific methodology.Roger Ariew - 1986 - Synthese 67 (1):77 - 90.
    Some philosophers of science suggest that philosophical assumptions must influence historical scholarship, because history (like science) has no neutral data and because the treatment of any particular historical episode is going to be influenced to some degree by one's prior philosophical conceptions of what is important in science. However, if the history of science must be laden with philosophical assumptions, then how can the history of science be evidence for the philosophy of science? Would not an inductivist history of science (...)
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  50. Descartes and Leibniz as Readers of Suárez: Theory of Distinctions and Principle of Individuation.Roger Ariew - 2012 - In Benjamin Hill & Henrik Lagerlund (eds.), The Philosophy of Francisco Surez. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    This essay explores the reception and used of Suárez’s philosophy by two canonical early modern philosophers, René Descartes and Gottfried Leibniz. It is argued that Descartes’ theory of distinctions does not betray any indications of being Suárezian, despite many claims to the contrary. Leibniz, however, was a very different reader of Suárez’s works, it is argued, and his thinking about individuation was clearly influenced by Suárez even if he did not adopt the Suárezian position in the end.
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