Results for 'Rod Gapp'

600 found
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  1.  17
    The Complexity of Teaching an Emerging Paradigm: Understanding the University Educator’s View of CSR.Heather Stewart & Rod Gapp - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 10:103-124.
  2.  7
    Early Life Epigenetic Programming and Transmission of Stress-Induced Traits in Mammals.Katharina Gapp, Lukas von Ziegler, Ry Yves Tweedie-Cullen & Isabelle M. Mansuy - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (5):491-502.
    The environment can have a long‐lasting influence on an individual's physiology and behavior. While some environmental conditions can be beneficial and result in adaptive responses, others can lead to pathological behaviors. Many studies have demonstrated that changes induced by the environment are expressed not only by the individuals directly exposed, but also by the offspring sometimes across multiple generations. Epigenetic alterations have been proposed as underlying mechanisms for such transmissible effects. Here, we review the most relevant literature on these changes (...)
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  3.  2
    Modal Logics and Philosophy.Rod Girle - 2000 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    In Part 1 the reader is introduced to some standard systems of modal logic and encouraged through a series of exercises to become proficient in manipulating these logics. The emphasis is on possible world semantics for modal logics and the semantic emphasis is carried into the formal method, Jeffrey-style truth-trees. Standard truth-trees are extended in a simple and transparent way to take possible worlds into account. Part 2 systematically explores the applications of modal logic to philosophical issues such as truth, (...)
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  4.  2
    Modal Logics and Philosophy.Rod Girle - 2000 - Routledge.
    The first edition, published by Acumen in 2000, became a prescribed textbook on modal logic courses. The second edition has been fully revised in response to readers' suggestions, including two new chapters on conditional logic, which was not covered in the first edition. "Modal Logics and Philosophy" is a fully comprehensive introduction to modal logics and their application suitable for course use. Unlike most modal logic textbooks, which are both forbidding mathematically and short on philosophical discussion, "Modal Logics and Philosophy" (...)
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  5. Possible Worlds.Rod Girle - 2003 - Routledge.
    Ever since Saul Kripke and others developed a semantic interpretation for modal logic, 'possible worlds' has been a much debated issue in contemporary metaphysics. To propose the idea of a possible world that differs in some way from our actual world - for example a world where the grass is red or where no people exist - can help us to analyse and understand a wide range of philosophical concepts, such as counterfactuals, properties, modality, and of course, the notions of (...)
     
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  6.  22
    The Language of Hermeneutics: Gadamer and Heidegger in Dialogue.Rod Coltman - 1998 - State University of New York Press.
    The first book in English on Gadamer's relationship to Heidegger, this study illustrates the philosophical power Gadamer's thinking has achieved by departing from Heidegger's at certain crucial moments.
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  7.  56
    Possible Worlds.Rod Girle - 2003 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Ever since Saul Kripke and others developed a semantic interpretation for modal logic, 'possible worlds' has been a much debated issue in contemporary metaphysics. To propose the idea of a possible world that differs in some way from our actual world - for example a world where the grass is red or where no people exist - can help us to analyse and understand a wide range of philosophical concepts, such as counterfactuals, properties, modality, and of course, the notions of (...)
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  8.  29
    Selection is Entailed by Self-Organization and Natural Selection is a Special Case.Rod Swenson - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (2):167-181.
    In their book, Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection, Depew and Weber argued for the need to address the relationship between self-organization and natural selection in evolutionary theory, and focused on seven “visions” for doing so. Recently, Batten et al. in a paper in this journal, entitled “Visions of evolution: self-organization proposes what natural selection disposes,” picked up the issue with the work of Depew and Weber as a starting point. While the efforts of both sets (...)
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  9.  66
    Calibrating Randomness.Rod Downey, Denis R. Hirschfeldt, André Nies & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (3):411-491.
    We report on some recent work centered on attempts to understand when one set is more random than another. We look at various methods of calibration by initial segment complexity, such as those introduced by Solovay [125], Downey, Hirschfeldt, and Nies [39], Downey, Hirschfeldt, and LaForte [36], and Downey [31]; as well as other methods such as lowness notions of Kučera and Terwijn [71], Terwijn and Zambella [133], Nies [101, 100], and Downey, Griffiths, and Reid [34]; higher level randomness notions (...)
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  10.  32
    On the Arguments for Indirect Speech Acts.Rod Bertolet - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):533-540.
    The usual treatment of a dinner table utterance of ‘Can you pass the salt?’ is that it involves an indirect request to pass the salt as well as a direct question about the hearer’s ability to do so: an indirect speech act. These are held to involve two illocutionary forces and two illocutionary acts. Rod Bertolet has raised doubts about whether consideration of such examples warrants the postulation of indirect speech acts and illocutionary forces other than the literal ones. In (...)
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  11.  27
    A Scoping Study to Identify Opportunities to Advance the Ethical Implementation and Scale-Up of HIV Treatment as Prevention: Priorities for Empirical Research.Rod Knight, Will Small, Basia Pakula, Kimberly Thomson & Jean Shoveller - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):54.
    Despite the evidence showing the promise of HIV treatment as prevention (TasP) in reducing HIV incidence, a variety of ethical questions surrounding the implementation and “scaling up” of TasP have been articulated by a variety of stakeholders including scientists, community activists and government officials. Given the high profile and potential promise of TasP in combatting the global HIV epidemic, an explicit and transparent research priority-setting process is critical to inform ongoing ethical discussions pertaining to TasP.
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  12.  72
    Lowness and Π₂⁰ Nullsets.Rod Downey, Andre Nies, Rebecca Weber & Liang Yu - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):1044-1052.
    We prove that there exists a noncomputable c.e. real which is low for weak 2-randomness, a definition of randomness due to Kurtz, and that all reals which are low for weak 2-randomness are low for Martin-Löf randomness.
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  13. The Status of Animals in Biblical and Christian Thought: A Study in Colliding Values.Rod Preece & David Fraser - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (3):245-263.
    A common contemporary view is that the Bible and subsequent Christian thought authorize humans to exploit animals purely as means to human ends. This paper argues that Biblical and Christian thought have given rise to a more complex ethic of animal use informed by its pastoralist origins, Biblical pronouncements that permit different interpretations, and competing ideas and doctrines that arose during its development, and influenced by the rich and often contradictory features of ancient Hebrew and Greco-Roman traditions. The result is (...)
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  14.  8
    Selection Is Entailed by Self-Organization and Natural Selection Is a Special Case.Rod Swenson - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (2):167-181.
    In their book, Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection, Depew and Weber argued for the need to address the relationship between self-organization and natural selection in evolutionary theory, and focused on seven “visions” for doing so. Recently, Batten et al. in a paper in this journal, entitled “Visions of evolution: self-organization proposes what natural selection disposes,” picked up the issue with the work of Depew and Weber as a starting point. While the efforts of both sets (...)
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  15.  25
    Not Just What, but How: Creating Agricultural Sustainability and Food Security by Changing Canada's Agricultural Policy Making Process. [REVIEW]Rod MacRae - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):187-202.
    Agriculture has been enormously productive in recent decades. The main problem is that fragmentation of issues, knowledge, and responsibilities has hidden the costs associated with this success. These are mainly environmental, social, and health costs, which have been assigned to other ministries, with their own histories unconnected to agriculture. Now that agricultural policy has achieved its success, its costs are becoming apparent. The current system is preoccupied with traditional views of competitiveness and efficiency. Policies, programs, and regulations are organized to (...)
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  16.  22
    ‘Information’: Praxeological Considerations. [REVIEW]Rod Watson & Andrew P. Carlin - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (2):327-345.
    Harold Garfinkel wrote a series of highly detailed and lengthy 'memos' during his time (1951-53) at Princeton, where remarkable developments in information theory were taking place. These very substantial manuscripts have been edited by Anne Warfield Rawls in Toward a Sociological Theory of Information (Garfinkel 2008). This paper explores some of the implications of these memos, which we suggest are still relevant for the study of 'information' and information theory. Definitional privilege of 'information' as a technical term has been arrogated (...)
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  17.  46
    How Do ‘Public’ Values Influence Individual Health Behaviour? An Empirical-Normative Analysis of Young Men’s Discourse Regarding HIV Testing Practices: Table 1.Rod Knight, Will Small & Jean Shoveller - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (3):264-275.
    Philosophical arguments stemming from the public health ethics arena suggest that public health interventions ought to be subject to normative inquiry that considers relational values, including concepts such as solidarity, reciprocity and health equity. As yet, however, the extent to which ‘public’ values influence the ‘autonomous’ decisions of the public remains largely unexplored. Drawing on interviews with 50 men in Vancouver, Canada, this study employs a critical discourse analysis to examine participants’ decisions and motivations to voluntarily access HIV testing and/or (...)
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  18.  4
    The Debate Over Cognitivism.Rod Watson & Jeff Coulter - 2008 - Theory, Culture and Society 25 (2):1-17.
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  19.  18
    On $\pi^0_1$ Classes and Their Ranked Points.Rod Downey - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (4):499-512.
  20.  77
    Totally Ω-Computably Enumerable Degrees and Bounding Critical Triples.Rod Downey, Noam Greenberg & Rebecca Weber - 2007 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):145-171.
    We characterize the class of c.e. degrees that bound a critical triple as those degrees that compute a function that has no ω-c.e. approximation.
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  21. Modal Logics and Philosophy: Second Edition.Rod Girle - 2010 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    The new edition of this widely used and respected textbook includes three new chapters on conditional logic. Other chapters have been revised and updated, making the second edition a fully comprehensive introduction to modal logics and their application. Unlike most modal logic textbooks, which are both forbidding mathematically and short on philosophical discussion, Modal Logics and Philosophy focuses on showing how useful modal logic can be as a tool for formal philosophical analysis. In Part 1, the reader is introduced to (...)
     
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  22. The Need for Healthcare.Rod Sheaff - 1996
     
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  23.  3
    Punctual Categoricity and Universality.Rod Downey, Noam Greenberg, Alexander Melnikov, Keng Meng Ng & Daniel Turetsky - 2020 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 85 (4):1427-1466.
    We describe punctual categoricity in several natural classes, including binary relational structures and mono-unary functional structures. We prove that every punctually categorical structure in a finite unary language is ${\text {PA}}$-categorical, and we show that this upper bound is tight. We also construct an example of a punctually categorical structure whose degree of categoricity is $0''$. We also prove that, with a bit of work, the latter result can be pushed beyond $\Delta ^1_1$, thus showing that punctually categorical structures can (...)
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  24.  13
    Relativizing Chaitin's Halting Probability.Rod Downey, Denis R. Hirschfeldt, Joseph S. Miller & André Nies - 2005 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 5 (02):167-192.
    As a natural example of a 1-random real, Chaitin proposed the halting probability Ω of a universal prefix-free machine. We can relativize this example by considering a universal prefix-free oracle machine U. Let [Formula: see text] be the halting probability of UA; this gives a natural uniform way of producing an A-random real for every A ∈ 2ω. It is this operator which is our primary object of study. We can draw an analogy between the jump operator from computability theory (...)
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  25.  7
    [Omnibus Review].Rod Downey - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):1048-1055.
    Robert I. Soare, Automorphisms of the Lattice of Recursively Enumerable Sets. Part I: Maximal Sets.Manuel Lerman, Robert I. Soare, $d$-Simple Sets, Small Sets, and Degree Classes.Peter Cholak, Automorphisms of the Lattice of Recursively Enumerable Sets.Leo Harrington, Robert I. Soare, The $\Delta^0_3$-Automorphism Method and Noninvariant Classes of Degrees.
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  26. Book Review: Adrian C. Brock, Ed., Internationalizing the History of Psychology. New York: New York University Press, 2006. 0-8147-9944-2. $50.00 (Cloth), Viii + 260 Pp. [REVIEW]Rod Buchanan - 2008 - History of the Human Sciences 21 (2):120-123.
  27. Are There Indirect Speech Acts.Rod Bertolet - 1994 - In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), Foundations of Speech Act Theory: Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 335--349.
     
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  28.  22
    On Schnorr and Computable Randomness, Martingales, and Machines.Rod Downey, Evan Griffiths & Geoffrey Laforte - 2004 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (6):613-627.
    We examine the randomness and triviality of reals using notions arising from martingales and prefix-free machines.
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  29. Computability Theory and Linear Orders.Rod Downey - 1998 - In I͡Uriĭ Leonidovich Ershov (ed.), Handbook of Recursive Mathematics. Elsevier. pp. 138--823.
     
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  30.  10
    Epistemic Ordering and the Development of Space-Time: Intentionality as a Universal Entailment.Rod Swenson - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):567-598.
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  31.  90
    The Semantic Significance of Donnellan's Distinction.Rod Bertolet - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (3):281 - 288.
  32.  11
    Splitting Theorems in Recursion Theory.Rod Downey & Michael Stob - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 65 (1):1-106.
    A splitting of an r.e. set A is a pair A1, A2 of disjoint r.e. sets such that A1 A2 = A. Theorems about splittings have played an important role in recursion theory. One of the main reasons for this is that a splitting of A is a decomposition of A in both the lattice, , of recursively enumerable sets and in the uppersemilattice, R, of recursively enumerable degrees . Thus splitting theor ems have been used to obtain results about (...)
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  33.  16
    The Claims of Generalized Darwinism.Rod Thomas - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (2):149-167.
    Generalized Darwinism claims to be a conceptual and theoretical framework for researching evolutionary change processes in organizations. This paper examines the claims of GD. It finds that in contrast to Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection proper, the GD framework is not an explanatory deductive argument form. What it is that GD actually generalizes and intends to explain thereby becomes somewhat moot. It is proposed that the so-called ‘generalization’ that the GD framework supplies might be best understood schematically. Two (...)
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  34.  55
    On a Fictional Ellipsis.Rod Bertolet - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (2):189 - 194.
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  35.  3
    The Rod and the Crocodile. Temporal Relations in Textual Hermeneutics: An Application of Petri Nets to Semantics.Ephraim Nissan - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (184):187-227.
    We use a graphic formalism to make explicit differences in the interpretation of temporal relations in natural-language text. Out of the panoply of computational representation methods for time or tense, we select Petri nets, and discuss why. We illustrate their potential for semantics and for sign theorists, by analyzing how some late antique and medieval exegeses understood the narrative of Moses and Pharaoh's magicians, and the former's rod swallowing up the rods of the other ones, once these rods had been (...)
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  36.  76
    The Role of Rods and Clocks in General Relativity and the Meaning of the Metric Field.Harvey Brown & D. E. Rowe - unknown
  37.  36
    A Δ20 Set with No Infinite Low Subset in Either It or its Complement.Rod Downey, Denis R. Hirschfeldt, Steffen Lempp & Reed Solomon - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (3):1371-1381.
    We construct the set of the title, answering a question of Cholak, Jockusch, and Slaman [1], and discuss its connections with the study of the proof-theoretic strength and effective content of versions of Ramsey's Theorem. In particular, our result implies that every ω-model of RCA 0 + SRT 2 2 must contain a nonlow set.
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  38.  46
    Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States.Rod Bush - 2006 - Science and Society 70 (3):431-434.
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  39.  31
    Jumps of Hemimaximal Sets.Rod Downey & Mike Stob - 1991 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 37 (8):113-120.
  40. Rods and Axes.Al Carthill - 1928 - London: W. Blackwood & Sons.
     
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  41.  21
    Wolfgang Röd, "Die Philosophie der Neuzeit 2. Von Newton Bis Rousseau". [REVIEW]Hiram Caton - 1986 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 24 (4):561.
  42. Plato on the Unity of the Virtues: A Dialectic Reading.Rod Jenks - 2022 - Lexington Books.
    In Plato on the Unity of the Virtues, Rod Jenks argues that while Plato makes several attempts to show how virtue is one, he deliberately fails to secure this because he thinks the way in which the virtues are both one and many is finally ineffable.
     
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  43. The Visibility Arrangements of Public Space: Conceptual Resources and Methodological Issues in Analysing Pedestrian Movements.Rod Watson - 2005 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 38 (3-4):201-227.
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  44.  21
    Jumps of Hemimaximal Sets.Rod Downey & Mike Stob - 1991 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 37 (8):113-120.
  45.  19
    Awe for the Tiger, Love for the Lamb: A Chronicle of Sensibility to Animals.Rod Preece (ed.) - 2002 - Ubc Press.
    From the myths of the ancient world to the Middle Ages to Darwin and beyond, Preece captures the most telling and fascinating accounts of humankind's ...
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  46.  53
    Robots With Internal Models A Route to Machine Consciousness?Owen Holland & Rod Goodman - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4-5):4-5.
    We are engineers, and our view of consciousness is shaped by an engineering ambition: we would like to build a conscious machine. We begin by acknowledging that we may be a little disadvantaged, in that consciousness studies do not form part of the engineering curriculum, and so we may be starting from a position of considerable ignorance as regards the study of consciousness itself. In practice, however, this may not set us back very far; almost a decade ago, Crick wrote: (...)
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  47.  8
    A Hierarchy of Computably Enumerable Degrees.Rod Downey & Noam Greenberg - 2018 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 24 (1):53-89.
    We introduce a new hierarchy of computably enumerable degrees. This hierarchy is based on computable ordinal notations measuring complexity of approximation of${\rm{\Delta }}_2^0$functions. The hierarchy unifies and classifies the combinatorics of a number of diverse constructions in computability theory. It does so along the lines of the high degrees and the array noncomputable degrees. The hierarchy also gives a number of natural definability results in the c.e. degrees, including a definable antichain.
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  48.  18
    Locating Rods and Cones: Microscopic Investigations of the Retina in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Berlin and Würzburg.Jutta Schickore - 2000 - Science in Context 13 (1):137-152.
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  49.  3
    Lattice Nonembeddings and Initial Segments of the Recursively Enumerable Degrees.Rod Downey - 1990 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 49 (2):97-119.
  50.  29
    Dieter Rödding. Anzahlquantoren in der Kleene-Hierarchie.Archiv für mathematische Logik und Grundlagenforschung, vol. 9 no. 3–4 , pp. 61–65. [REVIEW]Joan Rand Moschovakis - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (3):472-473.
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