37 found
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  1. A Short History and Theory of Respect.Roberto Mordacci - 2019 - International Philosophical Quarterly 59 (2):121-136.
    It has become common, following Stephen Darwall’s “Two Kinds of Respect”, to distinguish between “appraisal respect” and “recognition respect.” I propose, rather, to distinguish between hierarchical and egalitarian respect. The way the two meanings interact and the way they either support or contrast with each other have yet to be made clear. The meanings gathered under the broad rubric of respect can be highlighted by a genealogy that convincingly shows that the hierarchical notion is fundamental and that the definition of (...)
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  2.  19
    Training Ethical Competence in a World Growing Old: A Multimethod Ethical Round in Hospital and Residential Care Settings.Federico Pennestrì, Giulia Villa, Noemi Giannetta, Roberta Sala, Duilio Fiorenzo Manara & Roberto Mordacci - 2023 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 20 (2):279-294.
    Ethical challenges are traditionally described in a negative light, even though moral conflict can express the individual ability to perceive when something is not working and promote change. The true question, therefore, is not to how to silence moral conflict but how to educate it. Although the need for ethical support of health- and social-care professionals in elderly care is clearly perceived, there is no universal method for providing effective interventions. The authors hypothesize that adequate training sessions can help care (...)
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  3.  17
    A Short History and Theory of Respect.Roberto Mordacci - 2019 - International Philosophical Quarterly 59 (2):121-136.
    It has become common, following Stephen Darwall’s “Two Kinds of Respect” (1977), to distinguish between “appraisal respect” and “recognition respect.” I propose, rather, to distinguish between hierarchical and egalitarian respect. The way the two meanings interact and the way they either support or contrast with each other have yet to be made clear. The meanings gathered under the broad rubric of respect can be highlighted by a genealogy that convincingly shows that the hierarchical notion is fundamental and that the definition (...)
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  4.  36
    From Sympathy to Respect.Roberto Mordacci - 2023 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 40 (4):359-378.
    Despite the differences, there is some convergence between Adam Smith's and Immanuel Kant's theories of moral motivation. Both rely on a peculiar feeling, respect, as the proper source of motive in moral matters. An analysis of Smith's and Kant's conception of respect shows that both recognize that it has a specific normative import and plays a decisive role in morality. This convergence offers some support to the idea that Smith's sentimentalism and Kant's rationalism are compatible, at least as far as (...)
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  5.  13
    The Challenges of Solidarity in a Critical Age.Roberto Mordacci - 2024 - Critical Horizons 25 (1):1-1.
    Solidarity is often invoked in our times. The challenges posed by a complex juncture in human history seem to impose a rethinking of the concept and of the social practices that respond to the need...
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  6.  37
    Health as an analogical concept.Roberto Mordacci - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (5):475-497.
    This article examines the normative structure of the concept of health and tries to suggest an account of it in a phenomenological-hermeneutic framework. It is argued that the concept of health has a logical priority to illness, though the latter has an experiential priority. The fundamental feature of the concept of health as discussed in the literature is initially recognized in the notion of ‘norm’, in both the bio-statistical and normative-ideal sense. An analysis of this body of literature reveals some (...)
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  7.  13
    Active Respect and Critical Solidarity.Roberto Mordacci - 2024 - Critical Horizons 25 (1):2-12.
    This article argues that, to distinguish between “critical” and “uncritical” solidarity, the normative concept of solidarity must be grounded on the principle of respect for persons. I start analyzing the principle of respect for persons from a modified Kantian perspective, arguing that it must be interpreted as a normative relation of power in which each person must recognize the autonomy of the other as a source of power. In this perspective, the principle of respect offers a foundation for an ethical (...)
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  8.  44
    The desire for health and the promises of medicine.Roberto Mordacci - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):21-30.
    The varieties of meaning in which we use the terms illness and health requires that we develope a conceptualization allowing us to maintain a unity between the differences. In fact, the experiences of health and illness are complex ones and they need to be understood in their different levels so that the need for help of patients and their desire for health is adequately faced. At its roots, the experience of illness is that of a threat posed to the unreflective (...)
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  9.  8
    The desire for health and the promises of medicine.Roberto Mordacci - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):21-30.
    The varieties of meaning in which we use the terms illness and health requires that we develope a conceptualization allowing us to maintain a unity between the differences. In fact, the experiences of health and illness are complex ones and they need to be understood in their different levels so that the need for help of patients and their desire for health is adequately faced. At its roots, the experience of illness is that of a threat posed to the unreflective (...)
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  10.  33
    Cognitive Enhancement and Personal Identity.Roberto Mordacci - 2014 - Humana Mente 7 (26).
    Enhancing cognition is a complex activity, for the sake of which humanity has developed a rich array of techniques and skills. We can distinguish between three categories: a) cognitive supports and education; b) neural cognitive enhancers: drugs and other ways to improve the functionality of cognitive neural networks; c) technological cognitive enhancers: implants, extended minds and technological supports variously integrated in the neural cognitive networks. Applying a version of the Parity Principle, I argue that there is no morally relevant difference (...)
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  11.  33
    Health: A Comprehensive Concept.Roberto Mordacci & Richard Sobel - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (1):34-37.
    Health is one of those everyday words that only seems self-evident in its meaning. Physiological measurements alone fail to capture the subjective dimension of health. "Health" is an end and a means--it is a foundation for achievement, a first achievement itself, and a precondition for further achievement.
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  12.  14
    Intergenerational Justice and Lifespan Extension.Roberto Mordacci - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 410–420.
    Problems of distributive justice throughout the lifespan are not new. Yet, the increased aging rate of contemporary societies and an array of new life‐extending technologies (LETs) make these problems more and more urgent and complicated. This chapter analyzes the moral and political impact of the LET. There are three kinds of “intergenerational” justice: justice between non‐coexisting generations, justice between partially co‐existing generations, and justice between coexisting generations. The advantage of considering LETs in the light of justice between age groups is (...)
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  13. Tra legge e virtù. La filosofia pratica angloamericana contemporanea. A cura di Angelo Campodonico.Angelo Campodonico, Sergio Cremaschi, Massimo Reichlin, Roberto Mordacci, Alberto Pirni & Mario Ricciardi - 2004 - Genova: Il nuovo melangolo.
    Nella seconda metà del Novecento la conoscenza dell'etica anglosassone in Italia è stata alquanto parziale. Si pensava che il mondo dell'etica di lingua inglese fosse stato dominato nel Novecento dallo scientismo neopositivista o pragmatista che non riusciva a concepire l'etica se non nella forma tecnicizzata dell'analisi del linguaggio o metaetica. In questo modo si è ignorata tutta una ripresa dell'etica normativa, in particolare di Kant e di Aristotele, o la ripresa del diritto naturale che ha tra i suoi principali riferimenti (...)
     
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  14.  4
    Al cinema con il filosofo: imparare ad amare i film.Roberto Mordacci - 2015 - Milano: Mondadori.
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  15. and Lifespan Extension.Roberto Mordacci - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 410.
     
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  16.  4
    Come fare filosofia con i film.Roberto Mordacci (ed.) - 2017 - Roma: Carocci editore.
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  17. Charles Taylor: l'identità moderna fra genealogia e normatività.Roberto Mordacci - 2002 - Etica E Politica 4 (1).
    This article tries to point out a source of potential conflict in Charles Taylor’s theoretical perspective. There is an unsolved tension between the historical reconstruction of the genealogy of the modern identity and the theoretical claim that our moral reactions are the basis of an objective assessment of practices. My intention is to analyse this tension at three different levels of discourse: first, Taylor’s position as a liberal non-atomist thinker hinges upon his idea that our moral identity depends on our (...)
     
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  18.  20
    Emotions and challenges to justice.Roberto Mordacci & Francesca Forlè - 2023 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 26 (1):1-6.
    In this special issue, our aim is to analyse the role of emotions with particular attention to shaping political actions in the face of present challenges to justice. The relationship between the widespread rise of collective emotions and the experience of injustice in our societies is a pressing issue, both in our everyday practice of ethical and political discourse and in philosophical reflection and discussion. Some negative emotions—such as fear, resentment, greed, distrust towards institutions, and disrespect for basic human rights—are (...)
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  19. Etica ed eugenetica.Roberto Mordacci - 2004 - Etica E Politica 6 (2):1-7.
    Recent developments in molecular biology and genetic engineering open the possibility of rethinking the meaning of an eugenic project in contemporary society. Whereas the old eugenic movement aimed at an “improvement of the race” and explicitly adopted coercitive means, eugenetics in a liberal society would be the result of the free and equal access of the public to the genetic technologies available. Buchanan, Brock, Daniels and Wikler suggest in a recent book that access to genetic therapy and enhancement can be (...)
     
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  20. Etica e genetica. Storia, concetti e pratiche.M. Loi & Roberto Mordacci (eds.) - 2012 - Bruno Mondadori.
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  21.  9
    Essence et méthode de l’utopie.Roberto Mordacci - 2022 - Diogène n° 273-274 (1):7-22.
    Dans le développement de l’idée de l’utopie, de la création du terme à sa diffusion et à sa torsion dans de nombreux dérivés (dystopie, hétérotropie, rétrotopie), l’intuition originale et la méthode inaugurée par Sir Thomas More en philosophie politique ont été oubliées et souvent trahies. Il faut restaurer l’esprit humaniste, réaliste et imaginatif de la pensée utopique, en clarifiant ses structures essentielles et le modus operandi de l’expérience de pensée que l’utopie utilise pour déterminer les principes d’une société raisonnablement juste (...)
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  22. Filmmaking as self-writing: Federico Fellini's 81/2 (1963).Roberto Mordacci - 2019 - In Christina Rawls, Diana Neiva & Steven S. Gouveia (eds.), Philosophy and Film: Bridging Divides. New York: Routledge Press, Research on Aesthetics.
     
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  23.  24
    Flynn, E.P. 1997, Issues in Medical Ethics.Roberto Mordacci - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (2):188-189.
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  24.  12
    Flynn, E.P. 1997, Issues in Medical Ethics.Roberto Mordacci - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (2):188-189.
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  25. Grande divisione e modelli alternativi di fondazione dell’etica. Commento a Zecchinato.Roberto Mordacci - 2006 - Etica E Politica 8 (1):1-8.
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  26. I Limiti Del Naturalismo In Etica.Roberto Mordacci - 2007 - Etica E Politica 9 (2):194-200.
    Philippa Foot’s Natural Goodness is a restatement of a naturalistic theory of ethics. It is an interesting book for many reasons, since the author changes her position from a broadly Humean position to a more thoroughly Aristotelian one. Foot criticizes the non-cognitivist stance and various forms of expressivism and utilitarianism. She now declares that there are categorical imperatives, a thesis she used to deny. These imperatives are based on the idea of «patterns of natural normativity» which depend on the forms (...)
     
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  27. Internal to what? A critique of the distinction between internal and external reasons for action.Roberto Mordacci - 2000 - Etica E Politica 2 (1).
    The distinction between internalism and externalism can be interpreted in different ways, which must be kept clearly distinct. The distinction between internal and external reasons for action, proposed by Bernard Williams , can be interpreted as expressing a form of internalism. If we assume that internalism seems preferable to externalism and Williams’s "internal reason theorist" as an internalist, we have an example of an anti-rationalistic form of internalism. I will suggest that Williams’s arguments do not justify his distinction and the (...)
     
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  28.  19
    Kantian Naturalism in Moral Theory.Roberto Mordacci - 2013 - In Stefano Bacin, Alfredo Ferrarin, Claudio La Rocca & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Kant und die Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. Akten des XI. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Boston: de Gruyter. pp. 431-902.
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  29.  2
    La condizione neomoderna.Roberto Mordacci - 2017 - Torino: Giulio Einaudi editore.
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  30. La normatività delle ragioni morali nell’intuizionismo: una critica.Roberto Mordacci - 2005 - Etica E Politica 7 (2):1-19.
    According to the intuitionist picture of moral normativity, prima facie duties are features of the overall nature of an act, which together make them overall right or wrong. W.D. Ross says that prima facie duties are «not a duty», but something which has a special relation to duty. These fea-tures are «apprehended» by way of an intellectual act , which implies that they are the object of a theoretical cognitive act. This image creates serious problems for both the theory of (...)
     
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  31. La praticità del giudizio morale. Replica a Gianfranco Pellegrino.Roberto Mordacci - 2005 - Etica E Politica 7 (2):1-3.
     
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  32.  10
    Medicine as a Practice and the Ethics of Illness.Roberto Mordacci - 2001 - In Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka & Evandro Agazzi (eds.), Life interpretation and the sense of illness within the human condition. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 117--131.
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  33. Neuroscience and Metaethics: A Kantian Hypothesis.Roberto Mordacci - 2009 - Etica E Politica 11 (2):43-56.
    The interpretation of experimental data in neuroscientific research concerning moral decisions is controversial. One of the leading experimenters in the field, Joshua Greene, holds that the data show that deontological theories of morality are the expression of a confabulation which tries to give a rational justification for emotional responses. His arguments are criticized on the basis of a different interpretation of deontology. On the other hand, Marc Hauser, John Mikhail and others have proposed a research project in moral psychology called (...)
     
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  34.  9
    Reproductive Utopias and Dystopias: More, Campanella, Bacon and Huxley.Roberto Mordacci - 2020 - Phenomenology and Mind 19 (19):22.
    Our reproductive imaginaries have changed considerably in the XX century. This cultural change can be described as a transition from Utopia to Dystopia. Plato imagined that in his perfect State women and children were in common, and that adequately matched couples would yield a perfect breed. On the contrary, Thomas More’s Utopia (1516) is based on a modern liberal view of the family, where divorce is allowed and relationships are free. Tommaso Campanella’s The City of the Sun (1602) understands relationships (...)
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  35.  5
    Relativismo, Veirtà e ragioni morali.Roberto Mordacci - 2008 - Jura Gentium 5 (S1):91-98.
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  36.  8
    Sapere, progetto, azione. Sul primato del pratico.Roberto Mordacci - 2021 - Phenomenology and Mind 20:176-182.
    Recent proposals to think about philosophy as conceptual design (Floridi, 2019) fail to understand the scope and method of philosophical thinking. The goal of philosophy is truth, but truth has a double direction: towards theory and towards practice. The design is in the middle and it lacks the criteria in order to evaluate itself, since its truth depends on the theory on which it is based and on the practical use of its functions. Furthermore, design lacks critical ability, since only (...)
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  37.  14
    Three Concepts of Character.Roberto Mordacci - 2021 - Phenomenology and Mind 21:154-166.
    The concept of character has a long history in moral philosophy. Three fundamental versions can be identified: the Aristotelian, the Humean, and the Kantian. The Aristotelian concept of character is based on the model of the wise person, who shapes her feeling according to reason. The Humean character is based exclusively on feelings, having as a criterion the feeling of approval for virtue and disapproval for vice. The Kantian character is based on freedom as autonomy and on the feeling of (...)
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