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Robert Phillips [22]Robert A. Phillips [18]Robert L. Phillips [13]Robert E. Phillips [3]
Robert T. M. Phillips [2]Robert J. Phillips [2]Robert G. Phillips [2]Robert W. Phillips [1]

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Robert Phillips
University of Connecticut
  1. Stakeholder Theory and A Principle of Fairness.Robert A. Phillips - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (1):51-66.
    Stakeholder theory has become a central issue in the literature on business ethics / business and society. There are, however, a number of problems with stakeholder theory as currently understood. Among these are: 1) the lack of a coherent justificatory framework, 2) the problem of adjudicating between stakeholders, and 3) the problem of stakeholder identification. In this essay, I propose that a possible source of obligations to stakeholders is the principle of fairness (or fair play) as discussed in the political (...)
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  2.  36
    Tensions in Stakeholder Theory.Rajendra Sisodia, Robert Phillips & R. Edward Freeman - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (2):213-231.
    A number of tensions have been suggested between stakeholder theory and strategic management. Following a brief review of the histories of stakeholder theory and mainstream SM, we argue that many of the tensions are more apparent than real, representing different narratives about stakeholder theory, SM, business, and ethics. Part of the difference in these two theoretical positions is due to the fact that they seek to solve different problems. However, we suggest how there are areas of overlap, and we argue (...)
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  3. Stakeholder Legitimacy.Robert Phillips - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (1):25-41.
    This paper is a preliminary attempt to better understand the concept of legitimacy in stakeholder theory. The normative componentof stakeholder theory plays a central role in the concept of legitimacy. Though the elaboration of legitimacy contained hereinapplies generally to all “normative cores” this paper relies on Phillips’s principle of stakeholder fairness and therefore begins with a brief description of this work. This is followed by a discussion of the importance of legitimacy to stakeholder theory as well as the general ambiguity (...)
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  4. Stakeholder Theory: A Libertarian Defense.R. Edward Freeman & Robert A. Phillips - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (3):331-350.
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to suggest that at least one strain of what has come to be called “stakeholder theory” has roots that are deeply libertarian. We begin by explicating both “stakeholder theory” and “libertarian arguments.” We show how there are libertarian arguments for both instrumental and normative stakeholder theory, and we construct a version of capitalism, called “stakeholder capitalism,” that builds on these libertarian ideas. We argue throughout that strong notions of “freedom” and “voluntary action” are (...)
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  5. The Environment as a Stakeholder? A Fairness-Based Approach.Robert A. Phillips & Joel Reichart - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):185 - 197.
    Stakeholder theory is often unable to distinguish those individuals and groups that are stakeholders from those that are not. This problem of stakeholder identity has recently been addressed by linking stakeholder theory to a Rawlsian principle of fairness. To illustrate, the question of stakeholder status for the non-human environment is discussed. This essay criticizes a past attempt to ascribe stakeholder status to the non-human environment, which utilized a broad definition of the term "stakeholder." This paper then demonstrates how, despite the (...)
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  6.  36
    Ties That Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory1.Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):283-302.
    Social contract theory offers a powerful method and metaphor for the study of organizational ethics. This paper considers the variant of the social contract that has arguably gained the most attention among business ethicists: integrative social contracts theory or ISCT [Donaldson and Dunfee: 1999, Ties That Bind (Harvard Business School Press, Boston)]. A core precept of ISCT - that consent to membership in an organization entails obligations to follow the norms of that organization, subject to the moral minimums of basic (...)
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  7.  29
    Private Security Companies and Institutional Legitimacy: Corporate and Stakeholder Responsibility.Heather Elms & Robert A. Phillips - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (3):403-432.
    The private provision of security services has attracted a great deal of recent attention, both professional and popular. Much of that attention suggests the questioned moral legitimacy of the private vs. public provision of security. Linking the literature on moral legitimacy and responsibility from new institutional and stakeholder theories, we examine the relationship between moral legitimacy and responsible behavior by both private security companies and their stakeholders. We ask what the moral-legitimacy-enhancing responsibilities of both might be, and contribute to both (...)
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  8.  52
    New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):401-425.
    This essay attempts to provide a useful research agenda for researchers in both strategic management and business ethics. We motivate this agenda by suggesting that the two fields started with similar interests, diverged, and are beginning to converge again. We then identify several streams that hold particular promise for developing our understanding of the relationship between strategy and ethics: stakeholder theory, managerial discretion, behavioral strategy, strategy as practice, and environmental sustainability.
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  9. Ethics and Network Organizations.Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):533-543.
    As value chains become longer with increases in outsourcing and subcontracting, the challenges of fi xing responsibility become more diffi cult. Using concepts from the literature on social networks, this paper considers issues of diffusion of responsibility and plausible deniability in such relationships. Specifi cally, this paper isolates three sources of denial of – or defense against – attributions of responsibility: connection, control and knowledge. It goes on to consider the effects on network density and actor centrality as third parties (...)
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  10.  4
    The Past, History, and Corporate Social Responsibility.Robert Phillips, Judith Schrempf-Stirling & Christian Stutz - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 166 (2):203-213.
    An emerging body of research recognizes the importance of the past and history for corporate social responsibility scholarship and practice. However, the meanings that scholars and practitioners can ascribe to the past and history differ fundamentally, posing challenges to the integration of history and CSR thinking. This essay reviews diverse approaches and proposes a broad conceptualization of the relationship between the past, history, and CSR. We suggest historical CSR as an umbrella term that comprises three distinct theoretical perspectives. The “past-of-CSR” (...)
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  11.  14
    Value Chain Responsibility: A Farewell to Arm's Length.Robert Phillips & Craig B. Caldwell - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (4):345-370.
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  12.  6
    Ties That Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory.Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):283-302.
    Social contract theory offers a powerful method and metaphor for the study of organizational ethics. This paper considers the variant of the social contract that has arguably gained the most attention among business ethicists: integrative social contracts theory or ISCT [Donaldson and Dunfee: 1999, Ties That Bind ]. A core precept of ISCT - that consent to membership in an organization entails obligations to follow the norms of that organization, subject to the moral minimums of basic human rights - is (...)
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  13.  16
    Business Ethis Quarterly Twentieth Anniversary Forum, Part I: New Directions for Business New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Heather Elms, Stephen Brammer, Jared D. Harris & Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):401.
    This essay attempts to provide a useful research agenda for researchers in both strategic management and business ethics. We motivate this agenda by suggesting that the two fields started with similar interests, diverged, and are beginning to converge again. We then identify several streams that hold particular promise for developing our understanding of the relationship between strategy and ethics: stakeholder theory, managerial discretion, behavioral strategy, strategy as practice, and environmental sustainability.
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  14.  1
    The Environment as a Stakeholder.Robert A. Phillips & Joel E. Reichart - 1997 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 8:521-532.
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  15.  6
    Young’s Social Connection Model and Corporate Responsibility.Robert Phillips & Judith Schrempf-Stirling - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
    Recent structural innovations in global commerce present difficult challenges for legacy understandings of responsibility. The rise of outsourcing, sub-contracting, and mobile app-based platforms have dramatically restructured relationships between and among economic actors. Though not entirely new, the remarkable rise in the prevalence of these “not-quite-arm’s-length” relationships present difficulties for conceptions of responsibility based on interrogating the past for specifiable actions by blameworthy actors. Iris Marion Young invites investigation of a “social connection model of responsibility” that is, in many ways, better (...)
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  16.  11
    Emerging Paradigms of Corporate Social Responsibility, Regulation, and Governance: Introduction to the Thematic Symposium.Bimal Arora, Arno Kourula & Robert Phillips - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (2):265-268.
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  17.  38
    History Teaching, Nationhood and the State: A Study in Educational Politics.Robert Phillips - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (4):458-460.
  18.  5
    Stakeholder Friction.Kirsten Martin & Robert Phillips - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 177 (3):519-531.
    A mainstay of stakeholder management is the belief that firms create value when they invest more time, money, and attention to stakeholders than is necessary for the immediate transaction. This tendency to repeat interactions with the same set of stakeholders fosters what we call stakeholder friction. Stakeholder friction is a term for the collection of social, legal, and economic forces leading firms to prioritize and reinvest in current stakeholders. For many stakeholder scholars, such friction is close to universally beneficial, but (...)
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  19. On Stakeholder Delimitation.Robert Phillips - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (1):32-4.
     
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  20.  21
    European and American Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility.Robert Phillips - 2008 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 17 (1):69-73.
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  21.  1
    2009 Sbe Presidential Address New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):533.
    As value chains become longer with increases in outsourcing and subcontracting, the challenges of fixing responsibility become more difficult. Using concepts from the literature on social networks, this paper considers issues of diffusion of responsibility and plausible deniability in such relationships. Specifically, this paper isolates three sources of denial of – or defense against – attributions of responsibility: connection, control and knowledge. It goes on to consider the effects on network density and actor centrality as third parties alter the structure (...)
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  22.  5
    What We Talk About When We Talk About Stakeholders.Heather Elms, Shawn L. Berman, Hussein Fadlallah, Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (5):1083-1135.
    Will stakeholder theory continue to transform how we think about business and society? On the occasion of this journal’s 60th anniversary, this review article examines the journal’s role in shaping stakeholder theory to date and suggests that it still has transformative potential. We conducted a bibliometric analysis of co-citations in the literature from 1984 to 2020. Reporting these results, we examine the field’s evolving structure. Contextualized theoretically as an accomplishment of institutional work—the creation of a meaningful and innovative field ideology—this (...)
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  23.  7
    Governance of Voice in Digital Platforms.Hussein Fadlallah & Robert A. Phillips - 2020 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 31:24-36.
    We study the governance of voice in digital platforms in light of contestations and struggles over meaning and resources among their stakeholders. In particular, we argue that social media platforms as fields are subject to power imbalances that might constrain the voices of marginalized and under-represented individuals and groups. Consequently, the governance decisions that private firms undertake are critical in providing users and communities with the capacity to self-present and identify. Through a qualitative longitudinal study of a popular social media (...)
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  24.  41
    Report From the President.Robert Phillips - 2008 - The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 19 (2):3-3.
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  25.  31
    Nuclear Deterrence and Just War Theory.Robert L. Phillips - 1987 - Analyse & Kritik 9 (1-2):142-154.
    The just war tradition stands as the moral and prudential alternatie to both pacifism and realism. It forms the only reasonable ethical basis for the understanding of state initiated force. As applied to questions of nuclear deterrence, just war theory is incompatible with Mutual Assured Destruction and with the threat of MAD. Just war theory entails a move toward counterforce with discriminate targeting of military capabilities and away from city targeting. This is now becoming possible technically and is morally indicated. (...)
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  26.  43
    Brief Remarks on the Evolutionary Method.Robert A. Phillips - 2004 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2004:235-238.
    There are explicit claims to Darwinian thinking in numerous fields of study. A common temptation associated with this method across disciplines is to call some attributes “natural” and others “cultural” in origin. But this distinction can be dangerous—particularly when applied to ethics. When employing the Darwinian method, ideas should be evaluated in the same way whether the characteristics are described as natural or as cultural. We should ascertain the moral usefulness of a trait irrespective of its genetic basis or lack (...)
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  27. A Resource Dependence Perspective on Stakeholder Performance.Shawn Berman, Robert Phillips & Andrew Wicks - 2003 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 14:325-334.
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  28. Logical subjects and descriptive metaphysics.Robert L. Phillips - 1965 - Theoria 31 (3):278.
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  29. Religious Revelations and Bovine Ketosis.Robert W. Phillips - 1978 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 21 (3):398-405.
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  30. Special Issue on" The Accountable Corporation": Guest Editors' Introduction.Shawn L. Berman & Robert A. Phillips - forthcoming - Business and Professional Ethics Journal.
     
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  31.  22
    What Is the State of the American Regime: A Response.Robert J. Phillips - 2000 - Catholic Social Science Review 5:111-120.
    The three papers interpret the American regime in different ways. Stack thinks that the American regime is the best of available alternatives, and may evenbe fundamentally healthy. Shankman finds the regime presently in ill health, but suggests how a neglected thread of American political thought could help to restore its health. Holloway, while silent on the direct issue of the American regime, argues that modernity is deeply flawed and thus suggests that the American regime is systemically unhealthy. Phillips addresses these (...)
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  32.  10
    Mr. Aune on Strawson.Robert L. Phillips - 1965 - Mind 74 (296):588-589.
  33.  43
    Brave New World and the Liberal Concept of Freedom.Robert L. Phillips - 1973 - Journal of Value Inquiry 7 (3):198-203.
  34.  22
    Is There an Ethic to NATO?Robert L. Phillips - 1987 - Ethics International Affairs 1 (1):211-219.
    Phillips suggests ways to reaffirm the rule of law and the commitment to social justice and to build such values into Western foreign policy, rather than use them as public relations tinsel.
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  35.  20
    Is There an Ethic to NATO?Robert L. Phillips - 1987 - Ethics and International Affairs 1:211-219.
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  36.  31
    Intuitonism Revisited.Robert L. Phillips - 1972 - Journal of Value Inquiry 6 (3):185-199.
  37.  26
    Classical and Contemporary Readings in the Philosophy of Religion. Edited by John Hick. Prentice Hall, Englewood, N. J. And Scarborough, Ont. 1964. Pp. Xv, 494. $8.60. [REVIEW]Robert L. Phillips - 1964 - Dialogue 3 (3):337-338.
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  38.  23
    Physicians Should Treat Mentally Ill Death Row Inmates, Even If Treatment Is Refused.Melissa McDonnell & Robert T. M. Phillips - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):774-788.
    Competency to be executed evaluations are conducted with a clear understanding that no physician-patient relationship exists. Treatment however, is not so neatly re-categorized in large measure because it involves the physician's active provision of the healing arts. A natural tension exists between what practices may be legally permissible and what are ethically acceptable. We present an overview of the existing positions on this matter in the process of framing our argument.
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  39.  20
    State Tort Reforms and Hospital Malpractice Costs.Charles R. Ellington, Martey Dodoo, Robert Phillips, Ronald Szabat, Larry Green & Kim Bullock - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):127-133.
    This study explored the relation between state medical liability reform measures, hospital malpractice costs, and hospital solvency. It suggests that state malpractice caps are desirable but not essential for improved hospital financial solvency or viability.
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  40.  35
    Contesting the Past, Constructing the Future: History, Identity and Politics in Schools.Robert Phillips - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (1):40-53.
    This paper examines the ways in which the history curriculum in UK schools has been subject to contestation in recent years and considers the implications of the impact of postmodernism -particularly consumption - upon history teaching. It explores the relationship between 'official history' taught in schools and the 'unofficial histories' which influence children in the community, in the media and through the heritage industry. It argues that the powerful images gained outside the 'official' environment have profound implications for the ways (...)
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  41.  12
    The Principle of Self-Determination.Robert Phillips - 1989 - Social Philosophy Today 2:60-67.
  42. The War Against Pluralism.Robert L. Phillips - 2003 - In James Sterba (ed.), Terrorism and International Justice. Oxford University Press. pp. 101--113.
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  43. Issues in History Teaching.James Arthur & Robert Phillips - 2001 - British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (4):469-470.
     
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  44.  8
    Brief Remarks on the Evolutionary Method.Robert A. Phillips - 2004 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 4:235-238.
    There are explicit claims to Darwinian thinking in numerous fields of study. A common temptation associated with this method across disciplines is to call some attributes “natural” and others “cultural” in origin. But this distinction can be dangerous—particularly when applied to ethics. When employing the Darwinian method, ideas should be evaluated in the same way whether the characteristics are described as natural or as cultural. We should ascertain the moral usefulness of a trait irrespective of its genetic basis or lack (...)
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  45.  10
    The Gothic Architecture of The Member of the Wedding.Robert S. Phillips - 1964 - Renascence 16 (2):59-72.
  46.  10
    The Market for Virtue.Robert Phillips - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (2):367-367.
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  47. Splitting the Difference—Patient Preference Vs Conservation of Resources.Robert Phillips - 2004 - AMA Journal of Ethics 6 (6):258-260.
  48.  10
    Guest Editors' Introduction.Robert Phillips - 2005 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (4):3-6.
  49.  14
    Justus Hartnack, Philosophical Problems. Scandinavian University Books, Copenhagen, 1962. 130 Pp. D. Kr. 22:50. [REVIEW]Robert L. Phillips - 1963 - Dialogue 2 (2):228-229.
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  50.  7
    Guest Editors’ Introduction.Shawn Berman & Robert Phillips - 2005 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (4):3-6.
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