Results for 'Robert McGuire'

999 found
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  1.  15
    Challenges to Building a Gene Variant Commons to Assess Hereditary Cancer Risk: Results of a Modified Policy Delphi Panel Deliberation.Mary A. Majumder, Matthew L. Blank, Janis Geary, Juli M. Bollinger, Christi J. Guerrini, Jill Oliver Robinson, Isabel Canfield, Robert Cook-Deegan & Amy McGuire - 2021 - J. Pers. Med 7 (11):646.
    Understanding the clinical significance of variants associated with hereditary cancer risk requires access to a pooled data resource or network of resources—a “cancer gene variant commons”—incorporating representative, well-characterized genetic data, metadata, and, for some purposes, pathways to case-level data. Several initiatives have invested significant resources into collecting and sharing cancer gene variant data, but further progress hinges on identifying and addressing unresolved policy issues. This commentary provides insights from a modified policy Delphi process involving experts from a range of stakeholder (...)
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  2. Shaker Village Views.Robert P. Emlen, Don Gifford, Janice Holt Giles, Jerry V. Grant, Douglas R. Allen & John Mcguire - 1990 - Utopian Studies 1 (2):144-150.
  3.  81
    Ethical Challenges Arising in the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Overview from the Association of Bioethics Program Directors (ABPD) Task Force.Amy L. McGuire, Mark P. Aulisio, F. Daniel Davis, Cheryl Erwin, Thomas D. Harter, Reshma Jagsi, Robert Klitzman, Robert Macauley, Eric Racine, Susan M. Wolf, Matthew Wynia & Paul Root Wolpe - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):15-27.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has raised a host of ethical challenges, but key among these has been the possibility that health care systems might need to ration scarce critical care resources. Rationing p...
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  4. Hermeticism and the Scientific Revolution Papers Read at a Clark Library Seminar, March 9, 1974.Robert S. Westman & James Eugene Mcguire - 1977 - William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California.
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  5. Introduction to the New Testament.A. Robert, A. Feuillet, Patrick W. Skehan, Edward P. Arbez, Kathryn Sullivan, Lawrence J. Dannemiller, Edward F. Siegman, John P. McCormick & Martin R. P. McGuire - 1965
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  6.  69
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  7.  33
    Who Owns the Data in a Medical Information Commons?Amy L. McGuire, Jessica Roberts, Sean Aas & Barbara J. Evans - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):62-69.
    In this paper, we explore the perspectives of expert stakeholders about who owns data in a medical information commons and what rights and interests ought to be recognized when developing a governance structure for an MIC. We then examine the legitimacy of these claims based on legal and ethical analysis and explore an alternative framework for thinking about participants' rights and interests in an MIC.
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  8.  22
    The Organization of Power: Aspects of Bureaucracy in the Ancient Near East.Hartmut Waetzoldt, McGuire Gibson & Robert D. Biggs - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):637.
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  9.  18
    Seals and Sealing in the Ancient near East.J. D. Muhly, McGuire Gibson & Robert D. Biggs - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (3):399.
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  10.  41
    Hopeful and Concerned: Public Input on Building a Trustworthy Medical Information Commons.Patricia A. Deverka, Dierdre Gilmore, Jennifer Richmond, Zachary Smith, Rikki Mangrum, Barbara A. Koenig, Robert Cook-Deegan, Angela G. Villanueva, Mary A. Majumder & Amy L. McGuire - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):70-87.
    A medical information commons is a networked data environment utilized for research and clinical applications. At three deliberations across the U.S., we engaged 75 adults in two-day facilitated discussions on the ethical and social issues inherent to sharing data with an MIC. Deliberants made recommendations regarding opt-in consent, transparent data policies, public representation on MIC governing boards, and strict data security and privacy protection. Community engagement is critical to earning the public's trust.
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  11.  36
    Genomic Data-Sharing Practices.Angela G. Villanueva, Robert Cook-Deegan, Jill O. Robinson, Amy L. McGuire & Mary A. Majumder - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):31-40.
    Making data broadly accessible is essential to creating a medical information commons. Transparency about data-sharing practices can cultivate trust among prospective and existing MIC participants. We present an analysis of 34 initiatives sharing DNA-derived data based on public information. We describe data-sharing practices captured, including practices related to consent, privacy and security, data access, oversight, and participant engagement. Our results reveal that data-sharing initiatives have some distance to go in achieving transparency.
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  12.  21
    Characterizing the Biomedical Data-Sharing Landscape.Angela G. Villanueva, Robert Cook-Deegan, Barbara A. Koenig, Patricia A. Deverka, Erika Versalovic, Amy L. McGuire & Mary A. Majumder - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):21-30.
    Advances in technologies and biomedical informatics have expanded capacity to generate and share biomedical data. With a lens on genomic data, we present a typology characterizing the data-sharing landscape in biomedical research to advance understanding of the key stakeholders and existing data-sharing practices. The typology highlights the diversity of data-sharing efforts and facilitators and reveals how novel data-sharing efforts are challenging existing norms regarding the role of individuals whom the data describe.
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  13.  46
    What is a Medical Information Commons?Juli M. Bollinger, Peter D. Zuk, Mary A. Majumder, Erika Versalovic, Angela G. Villanueva, Rebecca L. Hsu, Amy L. McGuire & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):41-50.
    A 2011 National Academies of Sciences report called for an “Information Commons” and a “Knowledge Network” to revolutionize biomedical research and clinical care. We interviewed 41 expert stakeholders to examine governance, access, data collection, and privacy in the context of a medical information commons. Stakeholders' attitudes about MICs align with the NAS vision of an Information Commons; however, differences of opinion regarding clinical use and access warrant further research to explore policy and technological solutions.
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  14.  45
    When bins blur: Patient perspectives on categories of results from clinical whole genome sequencing.Leila Jamal, Jill O. Robinson, Kurt D. Christensen, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Melody J. Slashinski, Denise Lautenbach Perry, Jason L. Vassy, Julia Wycliff, Robert C. Green & Amy L. McGuire - 2017 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 8 (2):82-88.
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  15.  67
    Newton and the mechanical philosophy: Gravitation as the balance of the heavens.Peter Machamer, J. E. Mcguire & Hylarie Kochiras - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):370-388.
    We argue that Isaac Newton really is best understood as being in the tradition of the Mechanical Philosophy and, further, that Newton saw himself as being in this tradition. But the tradition as Newton understands it is not that of Robert Boyle and many others, for whom the Mechanical Philosophy was defined by contact action and a corpuscularean theory of matter. Instead, as we argue in this paper, Newton interpreted and extended the Mechanical Philosophy's slogan “matter and motion” in (...)
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  16.  80
    Davidson on Metaphorical Meaning: A Reply to Stainton.John Michael McGuire - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (2):355-.
    That the central thesis of Donald Davidson’s classic article on metaphor “What Metaphor Means” (WMM) is ambiguous between a weak and a strong interpretation is the primary claim that I sought to establish in my article “Sentence Meaning, Speaker Meaning, and Davidson’s Denial of Metaphorical Meaning.” In addition to this, I argued that the weak claim is trivially true and the strong claim is obviously false. Therefore, I concluded that when the central thesis of WMM is disambiguated, it is insignificant. (...)
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  17.  29
    Eighteenth Century Mechanism and Materialism. British Natural Philosophy in an Age of Reason. By Robert E. Schofield. Princeton University Press & Oxford University Press. 1970. Pp. vi + 336. £4.50. [REVIEW]J. E. Mcguire - 1971 - British Journal for the History of Science 5 (4):418-419.
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  18.  18
    Seventeenth Century Atomism in England from Hariot to Newton. By Robert Hugh Kargon. London: Clarendon Press: Oxford University Press. Pp. viii + 168. 1966. 42s. net. Physiologia Epicuro—Gassendo—Charltoniana. By Walter Charleton. Edited by Robert Hugh Kargon. Reprinted from the 1654 edition. New York and London: Johnson Reprint Corporation. Pp. xxv + 491. 1966. $29.50. [REVIEW]J. E. Mcguire - 1968 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (1):73-76.
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  19.  25
    The Content, Structure, and Operation of Thought Systems.Robert S. Wyer & Thomas K. Srull (eds.) - 1991 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    If anyone deserves the title "father of social cognition," it is William J. McGuire who, along with his wife and colleague Claire V. McGuire, has written the ...
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  20.  53
    Speaker Meaning and Davidson on Metaphor.Robert J. Stainton - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (2):345-354.
    John Michael McGuire presents a dilemma for Donald Davidson’s denial of metaphorical content in the latter’s “What Metaphors Mean”. Probably, says McGuire, Davidson has simply overlooked the possibility that speakers mean propositions when they speak metaphorically. If so, all Davidson is saying is that expressions do not have additional metaphorical meanings. This is so obvious as to make Davidson’s paper “insignificant”. Besides which, McGuire continues, if Davidson intended to deny that speakers mean propositions in speaking metaphorically, his (...)
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  21.  12
    Coreen McGuire 2020: Measuring difference, numbering normal. Setting the standards for disability in the interwar period und Jaipreet Virdi 2020: Hearing Happiness. Deafness Cures in History. [REVIEW]Robert Stock - 2023 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 31 (1):101-105.
  22.  28
    How Things Are: Studies in Predication and the History of Philosophy and Science. James Bogen, James E. McGuire[REVIEW]Robert Rynasiewicz - 1986 - Isis 77 (1):113-114.
  23.  17
    Robert S. Westman and J. E. McGuire, "Hermeticism and the Scientific Revolution". [REVIEW]Piyo Rattansi - 1981 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 19 (3):392.
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  24.  20
    Hermeticism and the Scientific Revolution: Papers Read at a Clark Library Seminar, March 9, 1974 by Robert S. Westman; J. E. McGuire[REVIEW]Richard Olson - 1979 - Isis 70:321-321.
  25.  39
    Scientific Revolution Hermeticism and the Scientific Revolution. Papers read at a Clark Library Seminar, 9 March 1974. By Robert S. Westman and J. E. McGuire. Los Angeles: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, 1977. Pp. iv + 150. No price stated. [REVIEW]P. B. Wood - 1980 - British Journal for the History of Science 13 (1):70-72.
  26. Words and thoughts: subsentences, ellipsis, and the philosophy of language.Robert Stainton - 2006 - New York: Published in the United States by Oxford University Press.
    It is a near truism of philosophy of language that sentences are prior to words--that they are the only things that fundamentally have meaning. Robert's Stainton's study interrogates this idea, drawing on a wide body of evidence to argue that speakers can and do use mere words, not sentences, to communicate complex thoughts.
  27.  8
    Democracy in an Uncertain World: Expertise as a Provisional Response to Vulnerability.Robert Smid - 2024 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 44 (3):30-43.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Democracy in an Uncertain World:Expertise as a Provisional Response to VulnerabilityRobert Smid (bio)In the final chapter of American Immanence, Michael Hogue writes that "[r]ather than asking the foundationalist question of what epistemology is needed to ground or justify democracy, the pragmatist asks what epistemology democracy entails. What 'way of knowing' follows from, or is appropriate to, democracy as an associational ethos of vulnerable life?"1 While Hogue and I have (...)
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  28.  71
    What is De re belief?Robert Stalnaker - 2010 - In Joseph Almog & Paolo Leonardi (eds.), The philosophy of David Kaplan. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 233--245.
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  29.  28
    Freedom and reactance.Robert A. Wicklund - 1974 - Potomac, Md.,: L. Erlbaum Associates; distributed by the Halsted Press Division, Wiley.
  30. Phenomenology of the human person.Robert Sokolowski - 2008 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Robert Sokolowski argues that being a person means to be involved with truth. He shows that human reason is established by syntactic composition in language, pictures, and actions and that we understand things when they are presented to us through syntax. Sokolowski highlights the role of the spoken word in human reason and examines the bodily and neurological basis for human experience. Drawing on Husserl and Aristotle, as well as Aquinas and Henry James, Sokolowski here employs (...)
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  31. Persons: the difference between "someone" and "something".Robert Spaemann - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    An examination and defence of the concept of personality, long central to Western moral culture but now increasingly under attack. Robert Spaemann tackles urgent practical questions, such as our treatment of the severely disabled human and the moral status of intelligent non-human animals.
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  32. In defense of sentimentality.Robert C. Solomon - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy has as much to do with feelings as it does with thoughts and thinking. Philosophy, accordingly, requires not only emotional sensitivity but an understanding of the emotions, not as curious but marginal psychological phenomena but as the very substance of life. In this, the second book in a series devoted to his work on the emotions, Robert Solomon presents a defense of the emotions and of sentimentality against the background of what he perceives as a long history of (...)
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  33. Common ground.Robert Stalnaker - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):701-721.
  34.  26
    In the spirit of Hegel: a study of G.W.F. Hegel's Phenomenology of spirit.Robert C. Solomon - 1983 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The Phenomenology of Spirit was Hegel's grandest experiement, changing our vision of the world and the very nature of philosophical enterprise. In this book, Solomon captures the bold and exhilarating spirit, presenting the Phenomenology as a thoroughly personal as well as philosophical work. He begins with a historical introduction, which lays the groundwork for a section-by-section analysis of the Phenomenology. Both the initiated as well as readers unacquainted with the intricacies of German idealism will find this to be an accessible (...)
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  35.  14
    Atoms and the 'Analogy of Nature': Newton's Third Rule of Philosophizing.J. E. Mcguire - 1970 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1 (1):3.
  36.  70
    Hegelian metaphysics.Robert Stern - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The volume concludes by examining a critique of Hegel's metaphysical position from the perspective of the "continental" tradition, and in particular Gilles ...
  37.  17
    The selective deployment of AI in healthcare.Robert Vandersluis & Julian Savulescu - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (5):391-400.
    Machine‐learning algorithms have the potential to revolutionise diagnostic and prognostic tasks in health care, yet algorithmic performance levels can be materially worse for subgroups that have been underrepresented in algorithmic training data. Given this epistemic deficit, the inclusion of underrepresented groups in algorithmic processes can result in harm. Yet delaying the deployment of algorithmic systems until more equitable results can be achieved would avoidably and foreseeably lead to a significant number of unnecessary deaths in well‐represented populations. Faced with this dilemma (...)
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  38. The Passions.Robert Solomon - 1976 - Noûs 12 (1):78-81.
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  39.  43
    Form and function in a legal system: a general study.Robert S. Summers - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book addresses three major questions about law and legal systems: (1) What are the defining and organizing forms of legal institutions, legal rules, interpretive methodologies, and other legal phenomena? (2) How does frontal and systematic focus on these forms advance understanding of such phenomena? (3) What credit should the functions of forms have when such phenomena serve policy and related purposes, rule of law values, and fundamental political values such as democracy, liberty, and justice? This is the first book (...)
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  40. Ways a world might be: metaphysical and anti-metaphysical essays.Robert Stalnaker - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Robert Stalnaker draws together in this volume his seminal work in metaphysics. The central theme is the role of possible worlds in articulating our various metaphysical commitments. The book begins with reflections on the general idea of a possible world, and then uses the framework of possible worlds to formulate and clarify some questions about properties and individuals, reference, thought, and experience. The essays also reflect on the nature of metaphysics, and on the relation between questions about what there (...)
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  41. Ethics and excellence: cooperation and integrity in business.Robert C. Solomon - 1992 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The Greek philosopher Aristotle, writing over two thousand years before Wall Street, called people who engaged in activities which did not contribute to society "parasites." In his latest work, renowned scholar Robert C. Solomon asserts that though capitalism may require capital, but it does not require, much less should it be defined by the parasites it inevitably attracts. Capitalism has succeeded not with brute strength or because it has made people rich, but because it has produced responsible citizens and--however (...)
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  42. Victims of Circumstances? A Defense of Virtue Ethics in Business.Robert C. Solomon - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (1):43-62.
    Abstract:Should the responsibilities of business managers be understood independently of the social circumstances and “market forces” that surround them, or (in accord with empiricism and the social sciences) are agents and their choices shaped by their circumstances, free only insofar as they act in accordance with antecedently established dispositions, their “character”? Virtue ethics, of which I consider myself a proponent, shares with empiricism this emphasis on character as well as an affinity with the social sciences. But recent criticisms of both (...)
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  43.  7
    Evolution, Kultur und Rechtssystem: Beiträge zur new political ecology.Robert Weimar - 2002 - New York: P. Lang. Edited by Guido Leidig.
    Der Wandel der kulturellen Verhältnisse führt zu einer Zuspitzung des Verhältnisses von Gesellschaft und Rechtssystem. In diesem Prozess gestaltet New Political Ecology (NPE) Umwelt und Rechtssystem und ist zugleich evolutiv ausgerichtet. NPE erfährt Evolution in der Zeit als Überfluss und in eigenartiger Vernetzung als knappes Gut. Diese Verbindung basiert auf Zusammenhängen, die bisher noch nicht systematisch bearbeitet worden sind. Dabei geht es ganz wesentlich auch um das Verhältnis von Staat und moderner Risikogesellschaft. Wissenschaftlicher Fortschritt erweist sich vor diesem Hintergrund selbst (...)
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  44. Dehumanization, Disability, and Eugenics.Robert A. Wilson - 2021 - In Maria Kronfeldner (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization. London, New York: Routledge. pp. 173-186.
    This paper explores the relationship between eugenics, disability, and dehumanization, with a focus on forms of eugenics beyond Nazi eugenics.
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  45. Why machines cannot be moral.Robert Sparrow - 2021 - AI and Society (3):685-693.
    The fact that real-world decisions made by artificial intelligences (AI) are often ethically loaded has led a number of authorities to advocate the development of “moral machines”. I argue that the project of building “ethics” “into” machines presupposes a flawed understanding of the nature of ethics. Drawing on the work of the Australian philosopher, Raimond Gaita, I argue that ethical dilemmas are problems for particular people and not (just) problems for everyone who faces a similar situation. Moreover, the force of (...)
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  46.  20
    About love: reinventing romance for our times.Robert C. Solomon - 1994 - Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co..
    A subtle and distinguished work by a philosopher renowned for his groundbreaking analysis of human emotions, About Love.
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  47.  21
    Silencing the Sceptic? The Prospects for Transcendental Arguments in Practical Philosophy.Robert Stern - 2017 - In Jens Peter Brune, Robert Stern & Micha H. Werner (eds.), Transcendental Arguments in Moral Theory. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 9-24.
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  48. A pragmatic philosophy of democracy : communities of inquiry.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - In Jennifer McMahon (ed.), Aesthetics and Material Beauty: Aesthetics Naturalized. New York: Routledge.
     
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  49. There are few hazards in recombinant dna research abstract.Robert Wake - 1982 - In David Roger Oldroyd (ed.), Science and Ethics: Papers Presented at a Symposium Held Under the Aegis of the Australian Academy of Science, University of New South Wales, November 7, 1980. New South Wales University Press.
  50. White mythologies: writing history and the west.Robert Young - 1990 - New York: Routledge.
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