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Robert Kirkman [38]Robert Joseph Kirkman [1]
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Robert Kirkman
Georgia Institute of Technology
  1.  33
    The Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT): A Discipline-Specific Approach to Assessing Moral Judgment. [REVIEW]Jason Borenstein, Matthew J. Drake, Robert Kirkman & Julie L. Swann - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):387-407.
    To assess ethics pedagogy in science and engineering, we developed a new tool called the Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT). ESIT measures moral judgment in a manner similar to the Defining Issues Test, second edition, but is built around technical dilemmas in science and engineering. We used a quasi-experimental approach with pre- and post-tests, and we compared the results to those of a control group with no overt ethics instruction. Our findings are that several (but not all) stand-alone classes (...)
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  2.  23
    The Ethics of Metropolitan Growth: A Framework.Robert Kirkman - 2004 - Philosophy and Geography 7 (2):201 – 218.
    Although debates about the shape and future of the built environment are usually cast in economic and political terms, they also have an irreducible ethical component that stands in need of careful examination. This paper is the report of an exploratory study in descriptive ethics carried out in Atlanta, Georgia. Archival sources and semi-structured interviews provide the basis for identifying and sorting the diverse value judgments and value conflicts that come into play in a rapidly growing metropolitan area. The goal (...)
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  3. At Home in the Seamless Web: Agency, Obduracy, and the Ethics of Metropolitan Growth.Robert Kirkman - 2009 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 34 (2):234-258.
    Political responses to metropolitan growth in the United States and elsewhere should include careful ethical deliberation, but ethical judgment and action are limited by the involvement of individual moral agents in the complex processes that give shape to the built environment. I propose that casting the built environment as a heterogeneous sociotechnical ensemble can provide useful insight into the limits of ethics, particularly through the concept of obduracy. To the extent components of an ensemble are obdurate, they can stop or (...)
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  4.  22
    Reasons to Dwell on (If Not Necessarily in) the Suburbs.Robert Kirkman - 2004 - Environmental Ethics 26 (1):77-95.
    Environmental philosophers should look beyond stereotypes to consider American suburbs as an environment worthy of serious philosophical scrutiny for three reasons. First, for better or worse, the suburbs are the environment of primary concern to most Americans, and suburban patterns of development have caught on elsewhere in the industrialized world. Second, the suburbs are much more of a problem than many environmental theorists suppose, in part because suburban patterns of development are entrenched and difficult to change, and in part because (...)
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  5.  11
    Navigating Bioethical Waters: Two Pilot Projects in Problem-Based Learning for Future Bioscience and Biotechnology Professionals.Roberta M. Berry, Aaron D. Levine, Robert Kirkman, Laura Palucki Blake & Matthew Drake - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1649-1667.
    We believe that the professional responsibility of bioscience and biotechnology professionals includes a social responsibility to contribute to the resolution of ethically fraught policy problems generated by their work. It follows that educators have a professional responsibility to prepare future professionals to discharge this responsibility. This essay discusses two pilot projects in ethics pedagogy focused on particularly challenging policy problems, which we call “fractious problems”. The projects aimed to advance future professionals’ acquisition of “fractious problem navigational” skills, a set of (...)
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  6.  44
    Did Americans Choose Sprawl?Robert Kirkman - 2010 - Ethics and the Environment 15 (1):123.
    Did Americans choose to live in sprawling metropolitan regions? Rhetoric and argumentation driven by this question form a strong undercurrent in the more general debate about urban sprawl in the United States. That debate runs between a broad and diverse coalition of anti-sprawl advocates and those who oppose them in the political arena. It would not be accurate to characterize the opposition as "pro-sprawl": many who speak for the opposition recognize that there are problems with sprawl but, for one reason (...)
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  7.  44
    Through the Looking-Glass: Environmentalism and the Problem of Freedom. [REVIEW]Robert Kirkman - 2002 - Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (1):29-43.
  8.  49
    Teaching for Moral Imagination: Assessment of a Course in Environmental Ethics.Robert Kirkman - 2008 - Teaching Philosophy 31 (4):333-350.
    This paper reports the results of an assessment project conducted in a semester-length course in environmental ethics. The first goal of the project was to measure the degree to which the course succeeded in meeting its overarching goal of enriching students’ moral imagination and its more particular objectives relating to ethics in the built environment. The second goal of the project was to contribute toward a broader effort to develop assessment tools for ethics education. Through qualitative analysis of an exit (...)
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  9. Robert Elliott, Faking Nature: The Ethics of Environmental Restoration. [REVIEW]Robert Kirkman - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (1):129-133.
  10.  52
    Transitory Places.Robert Kirkman - 2012 - Environmental Philosophy 9 (1):95-108.
    As a contribution to an experiential approach to environmental ethics, I seek to incorporate into the experience of place a sense of the passing of time across multiple scales. This may spur the recognition that places we are pleased to experience as stable backdrops for our projects may be transitory, in the short or long term, with important consequences for ethical deliberation. The occasion for this essay is a visit to the Karori Sanctuary in Wellington, New Zealand, the site of (...)
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  11. Earth Ways: Framing Geographical Meanings.Deepanwita Dasgupta, Robert Kirkman, Jason W. Moore, François-Xavier Nzi Iyo Nsenga, Lawrence A. Peskin, Dennis E. Skocz & Paul Steege (eds.) - 2004 - Lexington Books.
    How do you connect the discipline of anthropology to both philosophy and geography? What about history, sociology, and other applied and theoretical forms of knowledge? In Earth Ways: Framing Geographical Meanings, Gary Backhaus and John Murungi challenge contributors to find the organizing component, or "framings," that enables them to bridge their own work to philosophy and geography. What emerges are truly creative contributions to interdisciplinary thought.
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  12.  46
    Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism: The Challenge of Difference for Environmentalism.Robert Kirkman - 2001 - Environmental Ethics 23 (1):109-110.
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  13.  29
    The Green State: Rethinking Democracy and Sovereignty.Robert Kirkman - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (4):437-440.
  14.  31
    Michael Maniates and John M. Meyer, Eds., The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice.Robert Kirkman - 2012 - Environmental Ethics 34 (3):321-324.
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  15.  30
    Technological Momentum and the Ethics of Metropolitan Growth.Robert Kirkman - 2004 - Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (3):125 – 139.
    One goal of environmental ethics is to recommend changes to patterns of human life so as to bring inhabited landscapes into line with a vision of the good. However, the complex intertwining of nature and culture in inhabited landscapes makes this project much more difficult, complicating ethical judgment and limiting the efficacy of ethical action. Technological momentum, a model introduced by historian Thomas P. Hughes to describe the development of complex technological systems, can shed some light on these difficulties. The (...)
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  16.  20
    The Skeptical Environmentalist.Robert Kirkman - 2003 - Environmental Ethics 25 (4):423-426.
  17.  3
    Getting a Feel for Systems.Robert Kirkman - 2020 - Teaching Ethics 20 (1-2):1-13.
    In response to the challenges of teaching a course in environmental ethics to engineering majors at a technological university, I have developed an approach that emphasizes the role of moral imagination in conjunction with systems imagination in responding to problems that arise in shared environments. The course is set out on a model of problem-based learning, conceived as a cognitive apprenticeship: by working together to understand and consider responses to problems that are of interest to them, with guidance and tools (...)
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  18.  18
    The New Ecological Order.Robert Kirkman - 1998 - Environmental Ethics 20 (1):101-104.
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  19.  28
    Failures of Imagination: Stuck and Out of Luck in the American Metropolis.Robert Kirkman - 2008 - Ethics, Place and Environment 11 (1):17 – 32.
    Ethical choice and action in the built environment are complicated by the fact that moral agents often get stuck as they pursue their goals. A common way of getting stuck has its roots in human cognition: the failure of moral imagination, which shows most clearly when moral agents stand on either side of a sharp cultural divide, like the traditional divide between city and suburb. Being stuck is akin to bad moral luck: it is a situation beyond the control of (...)
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  20.  20
    Ethics and Scale in the Built Environment.Robert Kirkman - 2005 - Environmental Philosophy 2 (2):38-52.
    On the way to a phenomenology of the moral space within which people make decisions about the built environments they inhabit, I take up Bryan Norton’s proposal for a non-linear, multi-scalar approach to environmental ethics. Inspired by a recent development in ecology, hierarchy theory, Norton’s key insight is that ethical concerns play themselves out across distinct spatio-temporal scales. I adapt this insight to the context of the built environment by way of a phenomenology of constraint as a scaling criterion, then (...)
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  21.  12
    The Greening of Conservative America.Robert Kirkman - 2003 - Environmental Ethics 25 (2):221-222.
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  22.  2
    Getting a Feel for Systems.Robert Kirkman - 2020 - Teaching Ethics 20 (1-2):1-13.
    In response to the challenges of teaching a course in environmental ethics to engineering majors at a technological university, I have developed an approach that emphasizes the role of moral imagination in conjunction with systems imagination in responding to problems that arise in shared environments. The course is set out on a model of problem-based learning, conceived as a cognitive apprenticeship: by working together to understand and consider responses to problems that are of interest to them, with guidance and tools (...)
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  23.  25
    Why Ecology Cannot Be All Things to All People: The “Adaptive Radiation” of Scientific Concepts.Robert Kirkman - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (4):375-390.
    On the basis of a model of the development of scientific concepts as analogous to the “adaptive radiation” of organisms, I raise questions concerning the speculative project of many environmental philosophers, especially insofar as that project reflects on the relationship between ecology (the science) and ecologism (the worldview or ideology). This relationship is often understood in terms of anopposition to the “modern” worldview, which leads to the identification of ecology as an ally or as a foe of environmental philosophy even (...)
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