Results for 'Robert K. Pretzlaff'

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  1.  8
    Should Age Be a Deciding Factor in Ethical Decision-Making?Robert K. Pretzlaff - 2005 - Health Care Analysis 13 (2):119-128.
    The question of age as a factor in ethical decision-making takes two forms. The first form considers age as a factor at the societal, or policy, level, and the second as a factor in determining the capacity of the individual patient to make decisions regarding their own care. This article satisfies itself with a consideration of only the latter question. The issue of whether age is contributing factor in medical decision-making is frequently posited when one considers ethically charged instances of (...)
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  2.  38
    Reply: Bagger and the Ghosts of GAA: ROBERT K. C. FORMAN.Robert K. C. Forman - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (3):413-420.
    I am grateful for Mr Bagger's thoughtful remarks, as well as those of Professors Cousins, Smith, Katz, and Gimello at a recent American Academy of Religion panel devoted to The Problem of Pure Consciousness . But I cannot help but be struck by the tone of Mr Bagger's notice. As one colleague communicated to me after reading the piece, this is one of the most gratuitously rude pieces he had ever seen! If our book is really as bad as all (...)
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  3.  11
    The Analysis of Knowing: A Decade of Research.Robert K. Shope - 2017 - Princeton University Press.
    This book is the first complete survey and critical appraisal of the large body of research that has appeared during approximately the last decade concerning the analysis of knowing. Robert K. Shope pays special attention to the social aspects of knowing and proposes a new formulation of the fundamental structure of the Gettier problem. Originally published in 1983. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton (...)
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  4. Looking at Upside-Down Faces.Robert K. Yin - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):141.
  5. Two Ways to Particularize a Property.Robert K. Garcia - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (4):635-652.
    Trope theory is an increasingly prominent contender in contemporary debates about the existence and nature of properties. But it suffers from ambiguity concerning the nature of a trope. Disambiguation reveals two fundamentally different concepts of a trope: modifier tropes and module tropes. These types of tropes are unequally suited for metaphysical work. Modifier tropes have advantages concerning powers, relations, and fundamental determinables, whereas module tropes have advantages concerning perception, causation, character-grounding, and the ontology of substance. Thus, the choice between modifier (...)
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  6. The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations.Robert K. Merton & Norman Storer - 1974 - Science and Society 38 (2):228-231.
     
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  7. The Analysis of Knowing: A Decade of Research.Robert K. Shope - 1983 - Princeton: New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
    The Description for this book, The Analysis of Knowing: A Decade of Research, will be forthcoming.
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  8. Tropes as Character-Grounders.Robert K. Garcia - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (3):499-515.
    There is a largely unrecognized ambiguity concerning the nature of a trope. Disambiguation throws into relief two fundamentally different conceptions of a trope and provides two ways to understand and develop each metaphysical theory that put tropes to use. In this paper I consider the relative merits that result from differences concerning a trope’s ability to ground the character of ordinary objects. I argue that on each conception of a trope, there are unique implications and challenges concerning character-grounding.
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  9. The Conditional Fallacy in Contemporary Philosophy.Robert K. Shope - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (8):397-413.
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  10. Is Trope Theory a Divided House?Robert K. Garcia - 2015 - In Gabriele Galluzzo Michael Loux (ed.), The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 133-155.
    In this paper I explore Michael Loux’s important distinction between “tropes” and “tropers”. First, I argue that the distinction throws into relief an ambiguity and discrepancy in the literature, revealing two fundamentally different versions of trope theory. Second, I argue that the distinction brings into focus unique challenges facing each of the resulting trope theories, thus calling into question an alleged advantage of trope theory—that by uniquely occupying the middle ground between its rivals, trope theory is able to recover and (...)
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  11. Curry’s Paradox.Robert K. Meyer, Richard Routley & J. Michael Dunn - 1979 - Analysis 39 (3):124 - 128.
  12. Closing in on Causal Closure.Robert K. Garcia - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (1-2):96-109.
    I examine the meaning and merits of a premise in the Exclusion Argument, the causal closure principle that all physical effects have physical causes. I do so by addressing two questions. First, if we grant the other premises, exactly what kind of closure principle is required to make the Exclusion Argument valid? Second, what are the merits of the requisite closure principle? Concerning the first, I argue that the Exclusion Argument requires a strong, “stringently pure” version of closure. The latter (...)
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  13. Finally, the Third Reason for the Extended Success of the Ebbinghaus Viewpoint is That His Methods Were Exact, His Procedures Clear, and His Date Overwhelming. Upon Reading.Robert K. Young - 1968 - In T. Dixon & Deryck Horton (eds.), Verbal Behavior and General Behavior Theory. Prentice-Hall. pp. 122.
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  14.  8
    Universes.Robert K. Clifton - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):339-344.
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  15.  50
    Patterns of Evaluation in Science: Institutionalisation, Structure and Functions of the Referee System. [REVIEW]Harriet Zuckerman & Robert K. Merton - 1971 - Minerva 9 (1):66-100.
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  16.  89
    Science and the Social Order.Robert K. Merton - 1938 - Philosophy of Science 5 (3):321-337.
    Forty-three years ago Max Weber observed that “the belief in the value of scientific truth is not derived from nature but is a product of definite cultures.” We may now add: and this belief is readily transmuted into doubt or disbelief. The persistent development of science occurs only in societies of a certain order, subject to a peculiar complex of tacit presuppositions and institutional constraints. What is for us a normal phenomenon which demands no explanation and secures many ‘self-evident’ cultural (...)
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  17.  18
    Tests of Three Hypotheses About the Effective Stimulus in Serial Learning.Robert K. Young - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (3):307.
  18. Tropes as Divine Acts: The Nature of Creaturely Properties in a World Sustained by God.Robert K. Garcia - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (3):105--130.
    I aim to synthesize two issues within theistic metaphysics. The first concerns the metaphysics of creaturely properties and, more specifically, the nature of unshareable properties, or tropes. The second concerns the metaphysics of providence and, more specifically, the way in which God sustains creatures, or sustenance. I propose that creaturely properties, understood as what I call modifier tropes, are identical with divine acts of sustenance, understood as acts of property-conferral. I argue that this *theistic conferralism* is attractive because it integrates (...)
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  19. Bare Particulars and Constituent Ontology.Robert K. Garcia - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (2):149-159.
    My general aim in this paper is to shed light on the controversial concept of a bare particular. I do so by arguing that bare particulars are best understood in terms of the individuative work they do within the framework of a realist constituent ontology. I argue that outside such a framework, it is not clear that the notion of a bare particular is either motivated or coherent. This is suggested by reflection on standard objections to bare particulars. However, within (...)
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  20. Tropes and Dependency Profiles: Problems for the Nuclear Theory of Substance.Robert K. Garcia - 2014 - American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):167-176.
    In this article I examine the compatibility of a leading trope bundle theory of substance, so-called Nuclear Theory, with trope theory more generally. Peter Simons (1994) originally proposed Nuclear Theory (NT), and continues to develop (1998, 2000) and maintain (2002/03) the view. Recently, building on Simons’s theory, Markku Keinänen (2011) has proposed what he calls the Strong Nuclear Theory (SNT). Although the latter is supposed to shore up some of NT’s weaknesses, it continues to maintain NT’s central tenet, the premise (...)
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  21.  46
    Classical Relevant Logics II.Robert K. Meyer & Richard Routley - 1974 - Studia Logica 33 (2):183 - 194.
  22. The Analysis of Knowing.Robert K. Shope - 1984 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 89 (1):131-132.
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  23.  19
    ``The Conditional Fallacy in Contemporary Philosophy&Quot.Robert K. Shope - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (8):397--413.
  24.  36
    Faith and Disbelief.Robert K. Whitaker - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):149-172.
    Is faith that p compatible with disbelief that p? I argue that it is. After surveying some recent literature on the compatibility of propositional and non-propositional forms of faith with the lack of belief, I take the next step and offer several arguments for the thesis that both these forms of faith are also compatible, in certain cases, with outright disbelief. This is contrary to the views of some significant recent commentators on propositional faith, including Robert Audi and Daniel (...)
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  25. Algebraic Analysis of Entailment I.Robert K. Meyer & Richard Routley - 1972 - Logique Et Analyse 15 (59/60):407-428.
     
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  26.  41
    Conditions and Analyses of Knowing.Robert K. Shope - 2002 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 25--70.
    In “Conditions and Analyses of Knowledge”, Robert Shope focuses on the conditions that must be satisfied for a person to have knowledge, specifically knowledge that something is so. Traditionally, knowledge has been analyzed in terms of justified true belief. Shope addresses philosophers’ disagreements concerning the truth and belief conditions. After introducing the justification condition, he presents challenges that have provoked several attempts to replace or to supplement the justification condition for knowledge. Shope presents and assesses several of these, including (...)
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  27.  62
    Logic on the Australian Plan.Robert K. Meyer & Errol P. Martin - 1986 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 15 (3):305 - 332.
  28. Nonlocal Influences and Possible Worlds—A Stapp in the Wrong Direction.Robert K. Clifton, Jeremy N. Butterfield & Michael L. G. Redhead - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (1):5-58.
    give a proof of the existence of nonlocal influences acting on correlated spin-1/2 particles in the singlet state which does not require any particular interpretation of quantum mechanics (QM). (Except Stapp holds that the proof fails under a many-worlds interpretation of QM—a claim we analyse in 1.2.) Recently, in responding to Redhead's ([1987], pp. 90-6) criticism that the Stapp 1 proof fails under an indeterministic interpretation of QM, Stapp [1989] (henceforth Stapp 2), has revised the logical structure of his proof (...)
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  29. God Exists!Robert K. Meyer - 1987 - Noûs 21 (3):345-361.
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  30.  12
    Curry's Paradox.Robert K. Meyer & Alonso Church - 1979 - Analysis 39 (3):124.
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  31.  27
    E, R, and Γ.Robert K. Meyer & J. Michael Dunn - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (3):460-474.
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  32.  17
    The Matthew Effect in Science, II: Cumulative Advantage and the Symbolism of Intellectual Property.Robert K. Merton - 1988 - Isis 79 (4):606-623.
  33.  77
    Entailment.Robert K. Meyer - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (21):808-818.
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  34.  56
    Entailment is Not Strict Implication.Robert K. Meyer - 1974 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (3):212 – 231.
  35.  42
    Conservative Extension in Relevant Implication.Robert K. Meyer - 1973 - Studia Logica 31 (1):39 - 48.
  36.  41
    Multisets and Relevant Implication I.Robert K. Meyer & Michael A. McRobbie - 1982 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 60 (2):107 – 139.
  37.  19
    E, R And.Robert K. Meyer - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34:460.
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  38. THE CASE FOR REPARATIONS.Robert K. Fullinwider - 2000 - Report From the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy 20 (2):1-8.
  39.  6
    Reason, Truth and History.Robert K. Shope - 1985 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (4):644-649.
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  40.  96
    Preferential Hiring and Compensation.Robert K. Fullinwider - 1975 - Social Theory and Practice 3 (3):307-320.
  41.  34
    New Axiomatics for Relevant Logics, I.Robert K. Meyer - 1974 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (1/2):53 - 86.
  42.  42
    Where Gamma Fails.Robert K. Meyer, Steve Giambrone & Ross T. Brady - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (3):247 - 256.
    A major question for the relevant logics has been, “Under what conditions is Ackermann's ruleγ from -A ∨B andA to inferB, admissible for one of these logics?” For a large number of logics and theories, the question has led to an affirmative answer to theγ problem itself, so that such an answer has almost come to be expected for relevant logics worth taking seriously. We exhibit here, however, another large and interesting class of logics-roughly, the Boolean extensions of theW — (...)
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  43. Nominalist Constituent Ontologies: A Development and Critique.Robert K. Garcia - 2009 - Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    In this dissertation I consider the merits of certain nominalist accounts of phenomena related to the character of ordinary objects. What these accounts have in common is the fact that none of them is an error theory about standard cases of predication and none of them deploys God or uniquely theistic resources in its explanatory framework. -/- The aim of the dissertation is to answer the following questions: -/- • What is the best nominalist account on offer? • How might (...)
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  44. Social Theory and Social Structure: Toward the Codification of Theory and Research.Robert K. Merton - 1951 - Science and Society 15 (4):366-369.
     
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  45. War and Innocence.Robert K. Fullinwider - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (1):90-97.
  46.  6
    Entailment and Relevant Implication.Robert K. Meyer - 1968 - Logique Et Analyse 11:472-479.
  47.  61
    Universally Free Logic and Standard Quantification Theory.Robert K. Meyer & Karel Lambert - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):8-26.
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  48. Remembering, Knowledge, and Memory Traces.Robert K. Shope - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (March):303-22.
  49.  3
    Jane Lancaster and Human Nature.Robert K. Hitchcock - 2020 - Human Nature 31 (2):120-122.
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  50.  2
    Grassroots Spirituality: What It is, Why It is Here, Where It is Going.Robert K. C. Forman - 2004 - Imprint Academic.
    In Grassroots Spirituality, Robert Forman documents an important and profound shift in the nature of spirituality in North America, that strongly influences Europe as well. His exciting survey graphically illustrates the possibility of this "grassroots" movement shaping a creative era that responds to new and old needs of religiosity.
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