Results for 'Robert John Inkpen'

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  1.  33
    Explaining the Past in the Geosciences.Robert John Inkpen - 2008 - Philosophia 36 (4):495-507.
    Abductive reasoning is central to reconstructing the past in the geosciences. This paper outlines the nature of the abductive method and restates it in Bayesian terms. Evidence plays a key role in this working method and, in particular, traces of the past are important in this explanatory framework. Traces, whether singularly or as groups, are interpreted within the context of the event for which they have evidential claims. Traces are not considered as independent entities but rather as inter-related pieces of (...)
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  2.  4
    Philosophy of History.Giuseppina D'oro, Mark Day, Luke O'sullivan, Jakub Capek, Nick Tosh, Adrian Haddock & Robert John Inkpen - 2008 - Philosophia 36 (4):495-507.
    Abductive reasoning is central to reconstructing the past in the geosciences. This paper outlines the nature of the abductive method and restates it in Bayesian terms. Evidence plays a key role in this working method and, in particular, traces of the past are important in this explanatory framework. Traces, whether singularly or as groups, are interpreted within the context of the event for which they have evidential claims. Traces are not considered as independent entities but rather as inter-related pieces of (...)
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  3.  30
    The Philosophy of Karl Popper.Robert John Ackermann - 1976 - University of Massachusetts Press.
    Studie over de filosofie van de in Oostenrijk geboren Engelse wijsgeer.
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  4.  72
    Belief and Knowledge.Robert John Ackermann - 1972 - Garden City, N.Y., Anchor Books.
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  5.  2
    Nietzsche a Frenzied Look.Robert John Ackermann - 1990 - Univ of Massachusetts Press.
    This study challenges the common view that Nietzsche passed through several discrete periods of thought, each based upon a different set of values, and that his work can best be understood as a collection of isolated insights. Ackermann's textual analysis shows the underlying unity of Nietzsche's thought. Ackermann, offering an introduction to Nietzsche, also covers his main texts, such as The Birth of Tragedy, Thus Spake Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil and Human, All too Human.
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  6.  75
    The Law Governed Universe.John T. Roberts - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    The law-governed world-picture -- A remarkable idea about the way the universe is cosmos and compulsion -- The laws as the cosmic order : the best-system approach -- The three ways : no-laws, non-governing-laws, governing-laws -- Work that laws do in science -- An important difference between the laws of nature and the cosmic order -- The picture in four theses -- The strategy of this book -- The meta-theoretic conception of laws -- The measurability approach to laws -- What (...)
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  7.  72
    Wittgenstein's City.Robert John Ackermann - 1988 - University of Massachusetts Press.
    One PANORAMA T, HE LIFE of Wittgenstein was quite different from the lives of most of those who later extolled him as perhaps the major philosopher of the ...
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  8.  50
    Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation.Robert John Ackermann - 1981 - Philosophical Books 22 (1):44-46.
  9.  47
    Postscript to The Logic of Scientific Discovery. [REVIEW]Robert John Ackermann - 1984 - Philosophical Books 25 (3):164-167.
  10.  66
    Robert John Russell Versus the New Atheists.Nancey Murphy - 2010 - Zygon 45 (1):193-212.
    This essay compares Robert John Russell's work in his recent book Cosmology from Alpha to Omega: The Creative Mutual Interaction of Theology and Science (2008) to that of the authors known collectively as "the new atheists." I treat the latter as recent contributors to the modern tradition of scientific naturalism. This tradition makes claims to legitimacy on the basis of its close relations to the natural sciences. The purpose of this essay is to show up the poverty of (...)
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  11.  56
    Aspects of Time.Robert John Ackermann - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):111-112.
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  12.  36
    Wesley C. Salmon., Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World.Robert John Ackermann - 1989 - International Studies in Philosophy 21 (1):112-113.
  13.  2
    Modern Deductive Logic; an Introduction to its Techniques and Significance.Robert John Ackermann - 1970 - London, England: Garden City, N.Y., Anchor Books.
  14.  1
    Modern Deductive Logic: An Introduction to Its Techniques and Significance.Robert John Ackermann - 1970 - London, England: [London]Macmillan.
  15. Philosophy of Science.Robert John Ackermann - 1970 - New York: Pegasus.
  16.  1
    Philosophy of Science an Introduction.Robert John Ackermann - 1970 - Pegasus.
  17. Simplicity and the Acceptability of Scientific Theories.Robert John Ackermann - 1960 - Dissertation, Michigan State University
  18.  79
    Corporate Governance and the Ethics of Narcissus.John Roberts - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (1):109-127.
    This paper offers an extended critique of the proliferation of talk and writing of business ethics in recent years. FollowingLevinas, it is argued that the ground of ethics lies in our corporeal sensibility to proximate others. Such moral sensibility, however, isreadily blunted by a narcissistic preoccupation with self and securing the perception of self in the eyes of powerful others. Drawing upon a Lacanian account of the formation of the subject, and a Foucaultian account of the workings of disciplinary power, (...)
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  19. Chaos and Complexity: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action.Robert John Russell, Nancey Murphy & Arthur R. Peacocke - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (4):519-521.
  20. Divine Action and Quantum Mechanics : A Fresh Assessment.Robert John Russell - 2009 - In F. LeRon Shults, Nancey C. Murphy & Robert J. Russell (eds.), Philosophy, Science and Divine Action. Brill.
     
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  21. Robert John Russell, Nancey Murphy, and Arthur R. Peacocke.Divine Action - 1997 - Zygon 32 (3).
  22.  47
    Cosmology From Alpha to Omega.Robert John Russell - 1994 - Zygon 29 (4):557-577.
  23.  11
    Southgate's Compound Only‐Way Evolutionary Theodicy: Deep Appreciation and Further Directions.Robert John Russell - 2018 - Zygon 53 (3):711-726.
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  24.  67
    A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley.John Russell Roberts - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    George Berkeley notoriously claimed that his immaterialist metaphysics was not only consistent with common sense but that it was also integral to its defense. Roberts argues that understanding the basic connection between Berkeley's philosophy and common sense requires that we develop a better understanding of the four principle components of Berkeley's positive metaphysics: The nature of being, the divine language thesis, the active/passive distinction, and the nature of spirits. Roberts begins by focusing on Berkeley's view of the nature of being. (...)
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  25.  31
    Karl Popper.Robert John Ackermann - 1982 - Philosophical Books 23 (1):26-28.
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  26. Theories of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction.Robert John Ackermann - 1965 - New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
     
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  27.  60
    Cosmology From Alpha to Omega: Response to Reviews.Robert John Russell - 2010 - Zygon 45 (1):237-250.
    I gratefully acknowledge and respond here to four reviews of my recent book, Cosmology from Alpha to Omega. Nancey Murphy stresses the importance of showing consistency between Christian theology and natural science through a detailed examination of my recent model of their creative interaction. She suggests how this model can be enhanced by adopting Alasdair MacIntyre's understanding of tradition in order to adjudicate between competing ways of incorporating science into a wider worldview. She urges the inclusion of ethics in my (...)
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  28. Chaos and Complexity: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action, Edited by Robert John Russell, Nancey Murphy, and Arthur R. Peacocke JOHN R. ALBRIGHT 433 The Transformation of Consciousness in Myth.John W. Tigue Robert A. Segal - 1997 - Zygon 32 (3):298.
  29. A Puzzle About Laws, Symmetries and Measurability.John T. Roberts - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (2):143-168.
    I describe a problem about the relations among symmetries, laws and measurable quantities. I explain why several ways of trying to solve it will not work, and I sketch a solution that might work. I discuss this problem in the context of Newtonian theories, but it also arises for many other physical theories. The problem is that there are two ways of defining the space-time symmetries of a physical theory: as its dynamical symmetries or as its empirical symmetries. The two (...)
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  30.  77
    Quantum Physics and the Theology of Non-Interventionist Objective Divine Action.Robert John Russell - 2006 - In Philip Clayton (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 579-595.
    Accession Number: ATLA0001712257; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 579-595.; Language(s): English; General Note: Bibliography: p 594-595.; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay.
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  31.  1
    Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action: Twenty Years of Challenge and Progress.Robert John Russell, Nancey Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.) - 2008 - Vatican Observatory Fnd Ndup.
    __Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action: Twenty Years of Challenge and Progress_ _is a collection of thirteen essays assessing the scholarly contributions to the _Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action_ series, which is comprised of five volumes resulting from international research conferences co-sponsored by the Vatican Observatory and the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences between 1991 and 2000. The overarching goal of the series is to advance the engagement of constructive theology with the natural sciences with special attention to the (...)
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  32.  4
    The Scientific World-Perspective and Other Essays, 1931-1963.Robert John Ackermann - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (2):298.
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  33. Ceteris Paribus Lost.John Earman, John T. Roberts & Sheldon Smith - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (3):281-301.
    Many have claimed that ceteris paribus laws are a quite legitimate feature of scientific theories, some even going so far as to claim that laws of all scientific theories currently on offer are merely CP. We argue here that one of the common props of such a thesis, that there are numerous examples of CP laws in physics, is false. Moreover, besides the absence of genuine examples from physics, we suggest that otherwise unproblematic claims are rendered untestable by the mere (...)
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  34. "Ceteris Paribus", There Is No Problem of Provisos.John Earman & John T. Roberts - 1999 - Synthese 118 (3):439 - 478.
    Much of the literature on "ceteris paribus" laws is based on a misguided egalitarianism about the sciences. For example, it is commonly held that the special sciences are riddled with ceteris paribus laws; from this many commentators conclude that if the special sciences are not to be accorded a second class status, it must be ceteris paribus all the way down to fundamental physics. We argue that the (purported) laws of fundamental physics are not hedged by ceteris paribus clauses and (...)
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  35. Contact with the Nomic.John T. Roberts - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):1-22.
    This is the first part of a two-part article in which we defend the thesis of Humean Supervenience about Laws of Nature (HS). According to this thesis, two possible worlds cannot differ on what is a law of nature unless they also differ on the Humean base. The Humean base is easy to characterize intuitively, but there is no consensus on how, precisely, it should be defined. Here in Part I, we present and motivate a characteriza- tion of the Humean (...)
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  36. “Laws of Nature” as an Indexical Term: A Reinterpretation of Lewis's Best-System Analysis.John Roberts - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):511.
    David Lewis's best-system analysis of laws of nature is perhaps the best known sophisticated regularity theory of laws. Its strengths are widely recognized, even by some of its ablest critics. Yet it suffers from what appears to be a glaring weakness: It seems to grant an arbitrary privilege to the standards of our own scientific culture. I argue that by reformulating, or reinterpreting, Lewis's exposition of the best-system analysis, we arrive at a view that is free of this weakness. The (...)
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  37.  27
    Critique Today. Edited by Robert Sinnerbrink, Jean-Philippe Deranty, Nicholas H. Smith and Peter Schmiedgen. [REVIEW]John Roberts - 2007 - Journal of Critical Realism 6 (2):286-290.
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  38. Fine-Tuning and the Infrared Bull’s-Eye.John T. Roberts - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (2):287-303.
    I argue that the standard way of formalizing the fine-tuning argument for design is flawed, and I present an alternative formalization. On the alternative formalization, the existence of life is not treated as the evidence that confirms design; instead it is treated as part of the background knowledge, while the fact that fine tuning is required for life serves as the evidence. I argue that the alternative better captures the informal line of thought that gives the fine-tuning argument its intuitive (...)
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  39.  20
    God and Infinity: Theological Insights From Cantor's Mathematics.Robert John Russell - 2011 - In Michał Heller & W. H. Woodin (eds.), Infinity: New Research Frontiers. Cambridge University Press.
  40.  36
    The Relevance of Tillich for the Theology and Science Dialogue.Robert John Russell - 2001 - Zygon 36 (2):269-308.
  41. Leibniz on Force and Absolute Motion.John T. Roberts - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (3):553-573.
    I elaborate and defend an interpretation of Leibniz on which he is committed to a stronger space-time structure than so-called Leibnizian space-time, with absolute speeds grounded in his concept of force rather than in substantival space and time. I argue that this interpretation is well-motivated by Leibniz's mature writings, that it renders his views on space, time, motion, and force consistent with his metaphysics, and that it makes better sense of his replies to Clarke than does the standard interpretation. Further, (...)
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  42.  35
    CP-Law Statements as Vague, Self-Referential, Self-Locating, Statistical, and Perfectly in Order.John T. Roberts - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S10):1775-1786.
    I propose understanding CP-law statements as statements that assert the existence of vague statistical laws, not by fully specifying the contents of those laws, but by picking them out via a description that is both self-referential and self-locating. I argue that this proposal validates many common assumptions about CP-laws and correctly classifies many examples of putative CP-laws. It does this while avoiding the most serious worries that motivate some philosophers to be skeptical of CP-laws, namely the worry that they lack (...)
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  43.  53
    Entropy and Evil.Robert John Russell - 1984 - Zygon 19 (4):449-468.
  44.  97
    Undermining Undermined: Why Humean Supervenience Never Needed to Be Debugged (Even If It's a Necessary Truth).John T. Roberts - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S98-.
    The existence of "undermining futures" appears to show that a contradiction can be deduced from the conjunction of Humean supervenience (HS) about chance and the Principal Principle. A number of strategies for rescuing HS from this problem have been proposed recently. In this paper, a novel way of defending HS from the threat is presented, and it is argued that this defense has advantages not shared by others. In particular, it requires no revisionism about chance, and it is equally available (...)
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  45. Contact with the Nomic: A Challenge for Deniers of Humean Supervenience About Laws of Nature.John Roberts - manuscript
    This is the first part of a two-part article in which we defend the thesis of Humean Supervenience about Laws of Nature (HS). According to this thesis, two possible worlds cannot differ on what is a law of nature unless they also differ on the Humean base. The Humean base is easily to characterize intuitively, but there is no consensus on how, precisely, it should be defined. Here in Part I, we present and motivate a characterization of the Humean base (...)
     
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  46.  8
    Identification and Evaluation of Neuropsychological Tools Used in the Assessment of Alcohol-Related Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review.Robert Heirene, Bev John & Gareth Roderique-Davies - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  47. Some Laws of Nature Are Metaphysically Contingent.John T. Roberts - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):445-457.
    Laws of nature are puzzling because they have a 'modal character'—they seem to be 'necessary-ish'—even though they also seem to be metaphysically contingent. And it is hard to understand how contingent truths could have such a modal character. Scientific essentialism is a doctrine that seems to dissolve this puzzle, by showing that laws of nature are actually metaphysically necessary. I argue that even if the metaphysics of natural kinds and properties offered by scientific essentialism is correct, there are still some (...)
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  48.  70
    Lewis, Carroll, and Seeing Through the Looking Glass.John T. Roberts - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (3):426 – 438.
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  49.  47
    Idealizations and Approximations in Physics.Robert John Schwartz - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (4):595-603.
    While the use of so-called idealizations in science has been widely recognized for many years, the philosophical problems that arise from this use have received relatively little attention. Even a cursory reading of the philosophical literature devoted to these problems reveals that the following questions remain unanswered: In general, what, if any, are the distinguishing characteristics of idealizations? More specifically, do idealizations have any distinguishing syntactic or semantic characteristics? In addition to these questions there exist the following pragmatic questions, questions (...)
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  50.  35
    Book Reviews: Crossroads: The Drama of a Soap Opera by Dorothy Hobson, London: Methuen, Pp 176, £4.50 1982, Coronation Street BFI TV Monograph No. 13) by Richard Dyer, Christine Geraghty, Marion Jordan, Terry Lovell, Richard Paterson and John Stewart, London: British Film Institute, 1981, Pp 108, £3.50. [REVIEW]John Roberts - 1983 - Theory, Culture and Society 1 (3):168-170.
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