Results for 'Robert J. Shepherd'

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  1. Perpetual unease or being at ease? -- Derrida, daoism, and the 'metaphysics of presence'.Robert J. Shepherd - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (2):227-243.
    : Interesting work has been done on the striking similarities between the key arguments of the late Jacques Derrida and Daoism. While named otherwise, such Derridean signposts as the metaphysics of presence, the duality of language, and logocentrism are found in Daoist views of the relationship between reality, speech, writing, and knowledge. However, where the limits of language lead Derrida is different from where they take the authors of the Zhuangzi and the Daodejing, in particular regarding the question of action (...)
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  2.  13
    Eric Doyle OFM: Hidden Architect of the Retrieval of the Franciscan Charism by Brenda Abbott (review).Robert J. Karris - 2023 - Franciscan Studies 80 (1):249-250.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Eric Doyle OFM: Hidden Architect of the Retrieval of the Franciscan Charism by Brenda AbbottRobert J. Karris, OFMBrenda Abbott, Eric Doyle OFM: Hidden Architect of the Retrieval of the Franciscan Charism. Durham, UK: Franciscan Publishing, 2021. Pp. vii + 388. 16 photos. £15.00. ISBN: 9781915198013.Father Eric Doyle, OFM, a member of the Province of the Immaculate Conception, UK, was born in 1938 and died in 1984. He was (...)
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  3. Experience, Inference and God.John J. Shepherd & Robert Young - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (195):118-121.
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  4.  21
    The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe.Robert J. Richards - 2002 - University of Chicago Press.
    "All art should become science and all science art; poetry and philosophy should be made one." Friedrich Schlegel's words perfectly capture the project of the German Romantics, who believed that the aesthetic approaches of art and literature could reveal patterns and meaning in nature that couldn't be uncovered through rationalistic philosophy and science alone. In this wide-ranging work, Robert J. Richards shows how the Romantic conception of the world influenced (and was influenced by) both the lives of the people (...)
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  5. Constitutive Moral Luck and Strawson's Argument for the Impossibility of Moral Responsibility.Robert J. Hartman - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (2):165-183.
    Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument is that because self-creation is required to be truly morally responsible and self-creation is impossible, it is impossible to be truly morally responsible for anything. I contend that the Basic Argument is unpersuasive and unsound. First, I argue that the moral luck debate shows that the self-creation requirement appears to be contradicted and supported by various parts of our commonsense ideas about moral responsibility, and that this ambivalence undermines the only reason that Strawson gives for the (...)
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  6. The measure of mind: propositional attitudes and their attribution.Robert J. Matthews - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A prospective introduction -- The received view -- Troubles with the received view -- Are propositional attitudes relations? -- Foundations of a measurement-theoretic account of the attitudes -- The basic measurement-theoretic account -- Elaboration and explication of the proposed measurement-theoretic account.
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  7. The measure of mind.Robert J. Matthews - 1994 - Mind 103 (410):131-46.
  8.  23
    Experience, Inference and God By John J. Shepherd Macmillan, 1975, 190 pp., £7Freedom, Responsibility and God By Robert Young Macmillan, 1975, 254 pp., £8. [REVIEW]Keith Ward - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (195):118-.
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  9.  61
    Measurement and Computational Skepticism.Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner - 2017 - Noûs 51 (4):832-854.
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude (albeit for somewhat different reasons) that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In (...)
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  10.  29
    The Plausibility of Rationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492.
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  11.  31
    Philosophical Hermeneutics.Robert J. Matthews, Hans-Georg Gadamer & David E. Linge - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):114.
  12. Does linguistic competence require knowledge of language?Robert J. Matthews - 2003 - In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of language. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  13.  84
    Three-concept Monte: Explanation, implementation, and systematicity.Robert J. Matthews - 1994 - Synthese 101 (3):347-63.
    Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988), Fodor and McLaughlin (1990) and McLaughlin (1993) challenge connectionists to explain systematicity without simply implementing a classical architecture. In this paper I argue that what makes the challenge difficult for connectionists to meet has less to do with what is to be explained than with what is to count as an explanation. Fodor et al. are prepared to admit as explanatory, accounts of a sort that only classical models can provide. If connectionists are to meet the (...)
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  14.  74
    Could Competent Speakers Really Be Ignorant of Their Language?Robert J. Matthews - 2006 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):457-467.
    This paper defends the commonsense conception of linguistic competence according to which linguistic competence involves propositional knowledge of language. More specifically, the paper defends three propositions challenged by Devitt in his Ignorance af Language. First, Chomskian linguists were right to embrace this commonsense conception of linguistic cornpetence. Second, the grammars that these linguists propose make a substantive claim about the computational processes that are presumed to constitute a speaker’s linguistic competence. Third, Chomskian linguistics is indeed a subfield of psychology, in (...)
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  15.  16
    Insight and Illusion: Wittgenstein on Philosophy and the Metaphysics of Experience.Robert J. Richman & P. M. S. Hacker - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (1):113.
  16.  70
    That ‐clauses: Some bad news for relationalism about the attitudes.Robert J. Matthews - 2020 - Mind and Language 37 (3):414-431.
    Propositional relationalists about the attitudes claim to find support for their view in what they assume to be the dyadic relational logical form of the predicates by which we canonically attribute propositional attitudes. In this paper I argue that the considerations that they adduce in support of this assumption, specifically for the assumption that the that-clauses that figure in these predicates are singular terms, are suspect on linguistic grounds. Propositional relationalism may nonetheless be true, but the logical form of attitude (...)
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  17.  80
    Contextualism and Externalism: Trading in One Form of Skepticism for Another.Robert J. Fogelin - 2000 - Noûs 34 (s1):43 - 57.
  18.  51
    Counterfactual Triviality: A Lewis‐Impossibility Argument for Counterfactuals.J. Robert & G. Williams - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (3):648-670.
    I formulate a counterfactual version of the notorious ‘Ramsey Test’. Whereas the Ramsey Test for indicative conditionals links credence in indicatives to conditional credences, the counterfactual version links credence in counterfactuals to expected conditional chance. I outline two forms: a Ramsey Identity on which the probability of the conditional should be identical to the corresponding conditional probability/expectation of chance; and a Ramsey Bound on which credence in the conditional should never exceed the latter. Even in the weaker, bound, form, the (...)
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  19.  7
    New Perspectives on Malthus.Robert J. Mayhew (ed.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Robert Malthus was a pioneer in demography, economics and social science more generally whose ideas prompted a new 'Malthusian' way of thinking about population and the poor. On the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of his birth, New Perspectives on Malthus offers an up-to-date collection of interdisciplinary essays from leading Malthus experts who reassess his work. Part one looks at Malthus's achievements in historical context, addressing not only perennial questions such as his attitude to the (...)
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  20. Psychological reality of grammars.Robert J. Matthews - 1991 - In The Chomskyan Turn. Blackwell. pp. 182--200.
  21.  92
    Knowledge of language and linguistic competence.Robert J. Matthews - 2006 - Philosophical Issues 16 (1):200-220.
  22. Michael Ruse's Design for Living.Robert J. Richards - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (1):25 - 38.
    The eminent historian and philosopher of biology, Michael Ruse, has written several books that explore the relationship of evolutionary theory to its larger scientific and cultural setting. Among the questions he has investigated are: Is evolution progressive? What is its epistemological status? Most recently, in "Darwin and Design: Does Evolution have a Purpose?," Ruse has provided a history of the concept of teleology in biological thinking, especially in evolutionary theorizing. In his book, he moves quickly from Plato and Aristotle to (...)
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  23.  10
    Influence of Sensationalist Tradition on Early Theories of the Evolution of Behavior.Robert J. Richards - 1979 - Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (1):85.
  24.  64
    Describing and interpreting a work of art.Robert J. Matthews - 1977 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 36 (1):5-14.
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  25.  27
    The political philosophy of Spinoza.Robert J. McShea - 1968 - New York,: Columbia University Press.
  26.  26
    The Political Philosophy of Spinoza.Robert J. McShea - 1968 - New York,: Columbia University Press.
  27. The Political Philosophy of Spinoza.Robert J. Mcshea - 1972 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 162:225-227.
     
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  28.  6
    Plato Versus Parmenides: The Debate Over Coming-Into-Being in Greek Philosophy.Robert J. Roecklein - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    The issue of coming into being in Greek philosophy is investigated mostly by specialists in language analysis and philological science. Plato versus Parmenides, Robert J. Roecklein brings to the fore Plato's refutation of Parmenides' argument in his famous dialogue by that name. Roecklein offers an unprecedented exposition of the dialogue the Parmenides, and seeks to illuminate a political dimension in Parmenides' early formulations of the challenges made to the reality of coming into being in nature.
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  29. The Chomskyan Turn.Robert J. Matthews - 1991 - Blackwell.
     
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  30. Arguments in a Sartorial Mode, or the Asymmetries of History and Philosophy of Science.Robert J. Richards - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:482 - 489.
    History of science and philosophy of science are not perfectly complementary disciplines. Several important asymmetries govern their relationship. These asymmetries, concerning levels of analysis, evidence, theories, writing, and training show that to be a decent philosopher of science is more difficult than being a decent historian. But to be a good historian-well, the degree of difficulty is reversed.
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  31.  37
    Concerning a 'Linguistic Theory' of Metaphor.Robert J. Matthews - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7 (3):413-425.
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  32.  32
    Can Connectionists Explain Systematicity?Robert J. Matthews - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):154-177.
    Classicists and connectionists alike claim to be able to explain systematicity. The proposed classicist explanation, I argue, is little more than a promissory note, one that classicists have no idea how to redeem. Smolensky's (1995) proposed connectionist explanation fares little better: it is not vulnerable to recent classicist objections, but it nonetheless fails, particularly if one requires, as some classicists do, that explanations of systematicity take the form of a‘functional analysis’. Nonetheless, there are, I argue, reasons for cautious optimism about (...)
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  33.  30
    Instinct and intelligence in British natural theology: Some contributions to Darwin's theory of the evolution of behavior.Robert J. Richards - 1981 - Journal of the History of Biology 14 (2):193-230.
    In late September 1838, Darwin read Malthus's Essay on Population, which left him with “a theory by which to work.”115 Yet he waited some twenty years to publish his discovery in the Origin of Species. Those interested in the fine grain of Darwin's development have been curious about this delay. One recent explanation has his hand stayed by fear of reaction to the materialist implications of linking man with animals. “Darwin sensed,” according to Howard Gruber, “that some would object to (...)
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  34.  28
    Socrates on Political Disobedience: A Reply to Gary Young.Robert J. McLaughlin - 1976 - Phronesis 21 (3):185 - 197.
  35.  49
    The plausibility of rationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492-515.
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  36. Can connectionists explain systematicity?Robert J. Matthews - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):154-77.
    Classicists and connectionists alike claim to be able to explain systematicity. The proposed classicist explanation, I argue, is little more than a promissory note, one that classicists have no idea how to redeem. Smolensky's (1995) proposed connectionist explanation fares little better: it is not vulnerable to recent classicist objections, but it nonetheless fails, particularly if one requires, as some classicists do, that explanations of systematicity take the form of a‘functional analysis’. Nonetheless, there are, I argue, reasons for cautious optimism about (...)
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  37.  34
    Implication and presupposition.Robert J. Farrell - 1986 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (1):51-61.
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  38.  8
    Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at fifty: reflections on a science classic.Robert J. Richards & Lorraine Daston (eds.) - 2016 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was a watershed event when it was published in 1962, upending the previous understanding of science as a slow, logical accumulation of facts and introducing, with the concept of the “paradigm shift,” social and psychological considerations into the heart of the scientific process. More than fifty years after its publication, Kuhn’s work continues to influence thinkers in a wide range of fields, including scientists, historians, and sociologists. It is clear that The Structure (...)
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  39.  21
    Are two heads better than one?Robert J. Joynt - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):108-109.
  40.  39
    If This be Heresy: Haeckel=s Conversion to Darwinism.Robert J. Richards - unknown
    Just before Ernst Haeckel’s death in 1919, historians began piling on the faggots for a splendid auto-da-fé. Though more people prior to the Great War learned of Darwin’s theory through his efforts than through any other source, including Darwin himself, Haeckel has been accused of not preaching orthodox Darwinian doctrine. In 1916, E. S. Russell, judged Haeckel's principal theoretical work, Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, as "representative not so much of Darwinian as of pre-Darwinian thought."1 Both Stephen Jay Gould and Peter (...)
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  41.  21
    Troubles with representationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1984 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 51 (4):1065-97.
  42.  7
    Epilogue.S. J. Robert J. Daly - 2002 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 9 (1):193-196.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:EPILOGUE Robert J. Daly, SJ. Boston College April 2002 Iwill arrange my comments under four headings: (1) what we had hoped to accomplish; (2) what we actually did accomplish; (3) what we may have learned from this; (4) what this might now enable us to do in thefuture. This epilogueisbeingwritten in April, 2002,twenty-twomonths after the conference. To draw what good we can from this delay, writing at this (...)
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  43.  16
    Birth, death, and resurrection of evolutionary ethics.Robert J. Richards - 1993 - In Matthew H. Nitecki & Doris V. Nitecki (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics. SUNY Press. pp. 113--131.
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  44.  79
    James Gibson's passive theory of perception: A rejection of the doctrine of specific nerve energies.Robert J. Richards - 1976 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (December):218-233.
  45.  2
    Violence and Institution in Christianity.S. J. Robert J. Daly - 2002 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 9 (1):4-33.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Introduction VIOLENCE AND INSTITUTION IN CHRISTIANITY Robert J. Daly, SJ. Boston College We need both to define our terms and to indicate whether we are using them in a normative or descriptive sense. Thus the question: "Is Christianity"—or, if you will—"Are the institutions of Christianity violent or nonviolent?" can be answered with either a Yes, or a No, or with anything in between, depending on the meaning we (...)
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  46.  12
    Politicized Physics in Seventeenth Century Philosophy: Essays on Bacon, Descartes, Hobbes, and Spinoza.Robert J. Roecklein - 2014 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
    This book examines the role that natural philosophy plays in the emergence of Early Modern political thought. Robert J. Roecklein argues that the natural philosophy of Early Modernity, especially its indictment of sense perception, constitutes a major political foundation for the more concrete doctrines of political science developed by Bacon, Descartes, Hobbes, and Spinoza.
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  47.  94
    Cowie’s Anti‐Nativism.Robert J. Matthews - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (2):215-230.
  48.  15
    Interaction of sex and practice distribution effects.Robert J. McCaffrey & R. B. Payne - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (5):382-384.
  49.  12
    On the self-reference of a meaning-theory.Robert J. Richman - 1953 - Philosophical Studies 4 (5):69 - 72.
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  50.  21
    The Argument from Evil.Robert J. Richman - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):203 - 211.
    First I employ bayes' theorem to give some precision to the atheologian's thesis that it is improbable that God exists given the amount of evil in the world (e). Two arguments result from this: (1) e disconfirms god's existence, And (2) e tends to disconfirm god's existence. Secondly, I evaluate these inductive arguments, Suggesting against (1) that the atheologian has abstracted from and hence failed to consider the total evidence, And against (2) that the atheologian's evidence adduced to support his (...)
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