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Robert J. Matthews
Rutgers University - New Brunswick
  1. The measure of mind: propositional attitudes and their attribution.Robert J. Matthews - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A prospective introduction -- The received view -- Troubles with the received view -- Are propositional attitudes relations? -- Foundations of a measurement-theoretic account of the attitudes -- The basic measurement-theoretic account -- Elaboration and explication of the proposed measurement-theoretic account.
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  2. The measure of mind.Robert J. Matthews - 1994 - Mind 103 (410):131-46.
  3.  21
    On the hypothesis that grammars are mentally represented.William Demopoulos & Robert J. Matthews - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):405-406.
  4.  76
    Measurement and Computational Skepticism.Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner - 2017 - Noûs 51 (4):832-854.
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude (albeit for somewhat different reasons) that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In (...)
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  5.  22
    The Plausibility of Rationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492.
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  6.  24
    Philosophical Hermeneutics.Robert J. Matthews, Hans-Georg Gadamer & David E. Linge - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):114.
  7. Does linguistic competence require knowledge of language?Robert J. Matthews - 2003 - In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of Language. Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  65
    Could Competent Speakers Really Be Ignorant of Their Language?Robert J. Matthews - 2006 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):457-467.
    This paper defends the commonsense conception of linguistic competence according to which linguistic competence involves propositional knowledge of language. More specifically, the paper defends three propositions challenged by Devitt in his Ignorance af Language. First, Chomskian linguists were right to embrace this commonsense conception of linguistic cornpetence. Second, the grammars that these linguists propose make a substantive claim about the computational processes that are presumed to constitute a speaker’s linguistic competence. Third, Chomskian linguistics is indeed a subfield of psychology, in (...)
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  9.  73
    Three-concept Monte: Explanation, implementation, and systematicity.Robert J. Matthews - 1994 - Synthese 101 (3):347-63.
    Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988), Fodor and McLaughlin (1990) and McLaughlin (1993) challenge connectionists to explain systematicity without simply implementing a classical architecture. In this paper I argue that what makes the challenge difficult for connectionists to meet has less to do with what is to be explained than with what is to count as an explanation. Fodor et al. are prepared to admit as explanatory, accounts of a sort that only classical models can provide. If connectionists are to meet the (...)
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  10. Doing cognitive neuroscience: A third way.Frances Egan & Robert J. Matthews - 2006 - Synthese 153 (3):377-391.
    The “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches have been thought to exhaust the possibilities for doing cognitive neuroscience. We argue that neither approach is likely to succeed in providing a theory that enables us to understand how cognition is achieved in biological creatures like ourselves. We consider a promising third way of doing cognitive neuroscience, what might be called the “neural dynamic systems” approach, that construes cognitive neuroscience as an autonomous explanatory endeavor, aiming to characterize in its own terms the states and (...)
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  11. Psychological reality of grammars.Robert J. Matthews - 1991 - In The Chomskyan Turn. Blackwell. pp. 182--200.
  12.  82
    Knowledge of language and linguistic competence.Robert J. Matthews - 2006 - Philosophical Issues 16 (1):200-220.
  13.  45
    Describing and interpreting a work of art.Robert J. Matthews - 1977 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 36 (1):5-14.
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  14.  97
    That ‐clauses: Some bad news for relationalism about the attitudes.Robert J. Matthews - 2020 - Mind and Language 37 (3):414-431.
    Propositional relationalists about the attitudes claim to find support for their view in what they assume to be the dyadic relational logical form of the predicates by which we canonically attribute propositional attitudes. In this paper I argue that the considerations that they adduce in support of this assumption, specifically for the assumption that the that-clauses that figure in these predicates are singular terms, are suspect on linguistic grounds. Propositional relationalism may nonetheless be true, but the logical form of attitude (...)
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  15. The Chomskyan Turn.Robert J. Matthews - 1991 - Blackwell.
     
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  16.  32
    Concerning a 'Linguistic Theory' of Metaphor.Robert J. Matthews - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7 (3):413-425.
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  17.  27
    Can Connectionists Explain Systematicity?Robert J. Matthews - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):154-177.
    Classicists and connectionists alike claim to be able to explain systematicity. The proposed classicist explanation, I argue, is little more than a promissory note, one that classicists have no idea how to redeem. Smolensky's (1995) proposed connectionist explanation fares little better: it is not vulnerable to recent classicist objections, but it nonetheless fails, particularly if one requires, as some classicists do, that explanations of systematicity take the form of a‘functional analysis’. Nonetheless, there are, I argue, reasons for cautious optimism about (...)
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  18.  43
    The plausibility of rationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492-515.
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  19. Can connectionists explain systematicity?Robert J. Matthews - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):154-77.
    Classicists and connectionists alike claim to be able to explain systematicity. The proposed classicist explanation, I argue, is little more than a promissory note, one that classicists have no idea how to redeem. Smolensky's (1995) proposed connectionist explanation fares little better: it is not vulnerable to recent classicist objections, but it nonetheless fails, particularly if one requires, as some classicists do, that explanations of systematicity take the form of a‘functional analysis’. Nonetheless, there are, I argue, reasons for cautious optimism about (...)
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  20.  20
    Troubles with representationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1984 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 51 (4):1065-97.
  21.  4
    Inquiries and Provocations: Selected Writings, 1929-1974.Robert J. Matthews - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (2):339-344.
  22.  86
    Cowie’s Anti‐Nativism.Robert J. Matthews - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (2):215-230.
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    Are the grammatical sentences of a language a recursive set?Robert J. Matthews - 1979 - Synthese 40 (2):209 - 224.
    Many believe that the grammatical sentences of a natural language are a recursive set. In this paper I argue that the commonly adduced grounds for this belief are inconclusive, if not simply unsound. Neither the native speaker's ability to classify sentences nor his ability to comprehend them requires it. Nor is there at present any reason to think that decidability has any bearing on first-language acquisition. I conclude that there are at present no compelling theoretical grounds for requiring that transformational (...)
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  24.  12
    Cowie’s Anti‐Nativism.Robert J. Matthews - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (2):215-230.
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  25. Perceptual Individualism: Reply to Burge [1988].Robert J. Matthews - 1988 - In R. H. Grimm & D. D. Merrill (eds.), Contents of Thought. University of Arizona Press.
  26. Logical form and the relational conception of belief.Robert J. Matthews - 2002 - In Gerhard Preyer Georg Peter (ed.), Logical Form and Language. Oxford University Press. pp. 421--43.
     
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  27.  18
    Language learning versus grammar growth.Robert J. Matthews - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):25-26.
  28. Philosophy of Linguistics.John Collins, Robert J. Matthews, Barry C. Smith & Brian Epstein - 2008 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8 (22).
  29. Belief and Belief’s Penumbra.Robert J. Matthews - 2013 - In Nikolaj Nottelmann (ed.), New Essays on Belief: Constitution, Content and Structure. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 100–123.
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  30. Literary works and institutional practices.Robert J. Matthews - 1981 - British Journal of Aesthetics 21 (1):39-49.
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  31.  9
    Art and Philosophy: Conceptual Issues in Aesthetics.Robert J. Matthews - 1982 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 16 (4):109.
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  32.  22
    Arthur F. Smullyan 1912-1998.Robert J. Matthews & Laurent Stern - 1999 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 72 (5):216 - 217.
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  33. Connectionism and systematicity.Robert J. Matthews - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  34.  20
    Does cognitive science need “real” intentionality?Robert J. Matthews - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):616-617.
  35.  22
    Explaining and Explanation.Robert J. Matthews - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):71 - 77.
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  36.  22
    Epistemic Heresies: Reply to John Collins’ Redux.Robert J. Matthews - 2008 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):45-55.
    Elaborating on views I have expressed elsewhere, I argue that the common-sense notion of linguistic competence as a kind of knowledge is both required by common-sense explanatory and justificatory practice and furthermore fully compatible with the non-intentional characterization of linguistic competence provided by current linguistic theory, which is itself non-intentional.
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  37. Interpretation and Understanding: An Essay in Philosophical Metacriticism.Robert J. Matthews - 1974 - Dissertation, Cornell University
     
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  38. Is there vindication through representationalism?Robert J. Matthews - 1991 - In Barry M. Loewer & Georges Rey (eds.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics. Blackwell.
  39.  31
    Traditional aesthetics defended.Robert J. Matthews - 1979 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 38 (1):39-50.
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  40.  19
    The alleged evidence for representationalism.Robert J. Matthews - 1989 - In Stuart Silvers (ed.), Rerepresentation. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  41. The case for linguistic nativism.Robert J. Matthews - 2006 - In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell.
     
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  42.  34
    The Elusive Case for Relationalism about the Attitudes: Reply to Rattan.Robert J. Matthews - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (2):453-462.
    The question I address here is whether there is anything about what Rattan describes as the normative and perspectival aspects of propositional attitudes that demands a relational account of the attitudes, specifically anything that cannot equally well be explained on measurement-theoretic accounts of the sort that I (and others) have defended which do not incorporate or presume a cognitive relation to a proposition. I argue that there is not.
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  43. That-clauses in attitude predicates: Giving syntax its due.Robert J. Matthews - 2020 - Theoretical Linguistics 46 (3-4):289-245.
    Abstract: In this brief commentary, I focus on two issues, first on Moltmann’s proposed Davidsonian event semantics for transitive verb attitude predicates, and second on the import of what she calls ‘the underspecification of content’ for the proper semantic interpretation of that-clauses. With respect to the first of these issues, I question the empirical justification of her proposed semantics, suggesting that she needs a syntactic rationale for her semantics. With respect to the second issue, I question whether, as she claims, (...)
     
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  44.  19
    Two remarks on the characterization of IBBs.Robert J. Matthews - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):239-240.
  45.  13
    The Act of Interpretation: A Critique of Literary Reason (review).Robert J. Matthews - 1980 - Philosophy and Literature 4 (1):141-142.
  46. Measurement‐Theoretic Accounts of Propositional Attitudes. [REVIEW]Robert J. Matthews - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):828-841.
    In the late 1970s and early 1980s a number of philosophers, notably Churchland, Field, Stalnaker, Dennett, and Davidson, began to argue that propositional attitude predicates (such as believes that it’s sunny outside) are a species of measure predicate, analogous in important ways to numerical predicates by which we attribute physical magnitudes (such as mass, length, and temperature). Other philosophers, including myself, have subsequently developed the idea in greater detail. In this paper I sketch the general outlines of measurement‐theoretic accounts of (...)
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  47.  20
    Philosophical Hermeneutics. [REVIEW]Robert J. Matthews - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):114-117.
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  48.  2
    Book Reviews : Belief, Language, and Experience. RODNEY NEEDHAM. Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, I972. Pp. xvii+269. $I0.00. [REVIEW]Robert J. Matthews - 1974 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 4 (1):91-97.
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  49.  21
    Book reviews. [REVIEW]Robert J. Matthews - 1992 - Mind 101 (403):576-578.
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  50.  3
    How Is Criticism Possible?The Possibility of Criticism. [REVIEW]Robert J. Matthews - 1972 - Diacritics 2 (1):23.
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