Results for 'Robert J. Lederman'

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  1.  95
    Intrinsic Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: A Need for Disclosure.Sharmon Sollitto, Sharona Hoffman, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Robert J. Lederman, Stuart J. Youngner & Michael M. Lederman - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):83-91.
    : Protection of human subjects from investigators' conflicts of interest is critical to the integrity of clinical investigation. Personal financial conflicts of interest are addressed by university policies, professional society guidelines, publication standards, and government regulation, but "intrinsic conflicts of interest"—conflicts of interest inherent in all clinical research—have received relatively less attention. Such conflicts arise in all clinical research endeavors as a result of the tension among professionals' responsibilities to their research and to their patients and both academic and financial (...)
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  2. Kant Does Not Deny Resultant Moral Luck.Robert J. Hartman - 2019 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 43 (1):136-150.
    It is almost unanimously accepted that Kant denies resultant moral luck—that is, he denies that the lucky consequence of a person’s action can affect how much praise or blame she deserves. Philosophers often point to the famous good will passage at the beginning of the Groundwork to justify this claim. I argue, however, that this passage does not support Kant’s denial of resultant moral luck. Subsequently, I argue that Kant allows agents to be morally responsible for certain kinds of lucky (...)
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  3. Free Will and Moral Luck.Robert J. Hartman - 2022 - In Joseph Keim Campbell, Kristin M. Mickelson & V. Alan White (eds.), A Companion to Free Will. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 378-392.
    Philosophers often consider problems of free will and moral luck in isolation from one another, but both are about control and moral responsibility. One problem of free will concerns the difficult task of specifying the kind of control over our actions that is necessary and sufficient to act freely. One problem of moral luck refers to the puzzling task of explaining whether and how people can be morally responsible for actions permeated by factors beyond their control. This chapter explicates and (...)
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  4.  15
    Institutional Review Board: member handbook.Robert J. Amdur - 2022 - Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Edited by Elizabeth A. Bankert.
    This book is a small handbook designed to give Institutional Review Board (IRB) members the information they need to protect the rights and welfare of research subjects in a way that is both effective and efficient. The chapters of this book are short and to the point. Topic-specific chapters list the criteria IRB members should use to determine how to vote on specific kinds of studies and offer practical advice on what IRB members should do before and during full-committee meetings.
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  5.  21
    The Political Philosophy of Spinoza.Robert J. Mcshea - 1968 - New York,: Columbia University Press.
  6.  17
    The Nature, Scope, and Justification of Clinical Research.Robert J. Levine - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford textbook of clinical research ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 211.
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  7.  4
    Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at fifty: reflections on a science classic.Robert J. Richards & Lorraine Daston (eds.) - 2016 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was a watershed event when it was published in 1962, upending the previous understanding of science as a slow, logical accumulation of facts and introducing, with the concept of the “paradigm shift,” social and psychological considerations into the heart of the scientific process. More than fifty years after its publication, Kuhn’s work continues to influence thinkers in a wide range of fields, including scientists, historians, and sociologists. It is clear that The Structure (...)
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  8.  4
    Leading learning/learning leading: a retrospective on a life's work: the selected works of Robert J. Starratt.Robert J. Starratt - 2017 - New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    Introduction -- Knowing at the level of sympathy -- The drama of schooling/the schooling of drama -- The challenging world of educational leadership -- Cultivating a perspective on learning -- Building an ethical school -- Working within the geography of human development -- Foundational qualities of an ethical person -- The moral dimension of human resource development -- The ethics of teaching -- Cultivating a mature community -- The complexity of ethical living and learning.
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  9.  59
    Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research.Robert J. Levine, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller, John L. Young & Judith B. Gordon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):24-30.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. ?Social context? refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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  10.  94
    Perception from the First‐Person Perspective.Robert J. Howell - 2013 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):187-213.
    This paper develops a view of the content of perceptual states that reflects the cognitive significance those states have for the subject. Perhaps the most important datum for such a theory is the intuition that experiences are ‘transparent’, an intuition promoted by philosophers as diverse as Sartre and Dretske. This paper distinguishes several different transparency theses, and considers which ones are truly supported by the phenomenological data. It is argued that the only thesis supported by the data is much weaker (...)
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  11.  56
    A Reading of Aquinas's Five Ways.Robert J. Fogelin - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4):305 - 313.
  12.  8
    Goethe's Use of Kant in the Erotics of Nature.Robert J. Richards - 2007 - In Philippe Huneman (ed.), Understanding purpose: Kant and the philosophy of biology. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press. pp. 8--137.
  13. Belief and Belief’s Penumbra.Robert J. Matthews - 2013 - In Nikolaj Nottelmann (ed.), New Essays on Belief: Constitution, Content and Structure. New York: Palgrave. pp. 100–123.
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  14.  24
    Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism.George A. Akerlof & Robert J. Shiller - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    "This book is a sorely needed corrective. Animal Spirits is an important--maybe even a decisive--contribution at a difficult juncture in macroeconomic theory.
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  15.  28
    The Palgrave Handbook of Transformational Giftedness for Education.Robert J. Sternberg, Don Ambrose & Sareh Karami (eds.) - 2022 - Palgrave Macmillan.
    This handbook examines what education would look like if it prepared gifted students to transform the world—to make it a better place for all, not just for those who receive extra resources from schools in return for being labeled as “gifted.” The editors explore how transformationally gifted people can seek to make the world a better and more just place: they try to make a positive, meaningful, and possibly enduring contribution to changing things in the world that are not working. (...)
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  16. The beautiful skulls of Schiller and the Georgian girl : quantitative and aesthetic scaling of the races, 1750-1850.Robert J. Richards - 2018 - In Nicolaas A. Rupke & Gerhard Lauer (eds.), Johann Friedrich Blumenbach: race and natural history, 1750-1850. New York, NY: Routledge.
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  17.  7
    Teaching college students how to solve real-life moral dilemmas: an ethical compass for quarterlifers.Robert J. Nash - 2016 - New York: Peter Lang.
    "Teaching College Students How to Solve Real-Life Moral Dilemmas" will speak to the sometimes confounding, real-life, moral challenges that quarterlife students actually face each and every day of their lives. It will spell out an original, all-inclusive approach to thinking about, and applying, ethical problem-solving that takes into consideration people's acts, intentions, circumstances, principles, background beliefs, religio-spiritualities, consequences, virtues and vices, narratives, communities, and the relevant institutional and political structures. This approach doesn't tell students exactly what to do as much (...)
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  18.  78
    Projecting unprojectibles.Robert J. Ackermann - 1966 - Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):70-75.
  19. Should ethics be taught? Ethics in the secular university.Robert J. Howell - 2020 - In C. R. Crespo & Rita Kirk (eds.), Ethics at the heart of higher education. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications.
     
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  20. Is there vindication through representationalism?Robert J. Matthews - 1991 - In Barry M. Loewer (ed.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics. Cambridge: Blackwell.
  21.  4
    Thinking through revelation: Islamic, Jewish, and Christian philosophy in the Middle Ages.Robert J. Dobie - 2019 - Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press.
    Reason and revelation in the Middle Ages -- What is decisive about Averroes's decisive treatise? -- Is revelation really necessary? Revelation and the intellect in Averroes and Al-Ghazali -- Law, covenant, and intellect in Moses Maimonides's guide of the perplexed -- Natura as Creatura: Aquinas on nature as implicit revelation -- Why does the unity of the intellect become such a burning issue in medieval thought? Aquinas on human knowing as incarnate knowing -- Aquinas on revelation as incarnate divine intellect (...)
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  22. Heidegger's hermeneutics, Gadamer's hermeneutics.Robert J. Dostal - 2016 - In Michael J. Bowler & Ingo Farin (eds.), Hermeneutical Heidegger. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
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  23.  46
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research”.Robert J. Levine, Judith B. Gordon, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller & John L. Young - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):W1-W2.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. “Social context” refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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  24. Conflicts of interest in public policy research.Robert J. MacCoun - 2005 - In Don A. Moore (ed.), Conflicts of interest: challenges and solutions in business, law, medicine, and public policy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  25.  6
    The adaptive school: a sourcebook for developing collaborative groups.Robert J. Garmston & Bruce M. Wellman - 2016 - Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. Edited by Bruce M. Wellman.
    A sourcebook for developing and facilitating collaborative groups capable of continuously adapting to anticipate the evolving learning needs of students. Based on a theoretical foundation of schools as complex systems in which linear management models are no longer sufficient.
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  26.  6
    The soul's upward yearning: clues to our transcendent nature from experience and reason.Robert J. Spitzer - 2015 - San Francisco: Ignatius Press.
    Western culture has been moving away from its Christian roots for several centuries but the turn from Christianity accelerated in the 20th century. At the core of this decline is a loss of a sense of our own transcendence. Scientific materialism has so seriously impacted our belief in human transcendence that many people find it difficult to believe in God and the human soul. This anti-transcendent perspective has not only cast its spell on the natural sciences, psychology, philosophy, and literature, (...)
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  27. Education for Professional Responsibility in the Law School.Robert J. National Council on Legal Clinics & Levy - 1962 - National Council on Legal Clinics, American Bar Center.
  28.  4
    Evidence for God from physics and philosophy: extending the legacy of Monsignor Georges Lemaître and St. Thomas Aquinas.Robert J. Spitzer - 2015 - South Bend, Indiana: St. Augustine's Press.
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  29.  2
    The modern land-grant university.Robert J. Sternberg (ed.) - 2014 - West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press.
    In an increasingly competitive higher education environment, America's public universities are seeking ways to differentiate themselves. This book suggests that a hopeful vision of what a university should be lies in a reexamination of the "land-grant mission," the common system of values originally set forth in the Morrill Land Grant Acts of 1862 and 1890, which established a new system of practically oriented higher learning across the United States. While hard to define, these values are often expressed by the one (...)
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  30. Armstrong on Probabilistic Laws of Nature.Jonathan D. Jacobs & Robert J. Hartman - 2017 - Philosophical Papers 46 (3):373-387.
    D. M. Armstrong famously claims that deterministic laws of nature are contingent relations between universals and that his account can also be straightforwardly extended to irreducibly probabilistic laws of nature. For the most part, philosophers have neglected to scrutinize Armstrong’s account of probabilistic laws. This is surprising precisely because his own claims about probabilistic laws make it unclear just what he takes them to be. We offer three interpretations of what Armstrong-style probabilistic laws are, and argue that all three interpretations (...)
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  31.  94
    Ethics and regulation of clinical research.Robert J. Levine - 1981 - Baltimore: Urban & Schwarzenberg.
    In this book, Dr. Robert J. Levine reviews federal regulations, ethical analysis, and case studies in an attempt to answer these questions.
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  32.  19
    The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe.Robert J. Richards - 2002 - University of Chicago Press.
    "All art should become science and all science art; poetry and philosophy should be made one." Friedrich Schlegel's words perfectly capture the project of the German Romantics, who believed that the aesthetic approaches of art and literature could reveal patterns and meaning in nature that couldn't be uncovered through rationalistic philosophy and science alone. In this wide-ranging work, Robert J. Richards shows how the Romantic conception of the world influenced (and was influenced by) both the lives of the people (...)
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  33.  60
    Dependent and Independent Reasons.Robert J. Yanal - 1991 - Informal Logic 13 (3).
    How are dependent (or linked) premises to be distinguished from independent (or convergent) premises? Deductive validity, sometimes proposed as a necessary condition for depende'nce, cannot be, for the premises of both inductive and deductive but invalid arguments can be dependent. The question is really this: When do multiple premises for a certain conclusion fonn one argument for that conclusion and when do they form multiple arguments? Answer: Premises are dependent when the evidence they offer for their conclusion is more than (...)
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  34.  24
    Paradoxes of Emotion and Fiction.Robert J. Yanal - 1999 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    How can we experience real emotions when viewing a movie or reading a novel or watching a play when we know the characters whose actions have this effect on us do not exist? This is a conundrum that has puzzled philosophers for a long time, and in this book Robert Yanal both canvasses previously proposed solutions to it and offers one of his own. First formulated by Samuel Johnson, the paradox received its most famous answer from Samuel Taylor Coleridge, (...)
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  35. Paradoxes of Emotion and Fiction.Robert J. Yanal - 1999 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 61 (4):406-408.
     
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  36.  6
    Basic Logic.Robert J. Yanal - 1988 - St. Paul, MN, USA: West Publishing.
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  37. Data, Instruments, and Theory; A Dialectical Approach to Understanding Science.Robert J. Ackerman - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (3):399-404.
     
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  38.  10
    The Paradox of Emotion and Fiction.Robert J. Yanal - 1994 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 75 (1):54-75.
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  39. The paradox of suspense.Robert J. Yanal - 1996 - British Journal of Aesthetics 36 (2):146-158.
    arratives, fictional and factual, commonly raise in their audience suspense. A narrative lays out over time a sequence of events; and because the events of the narrative are not completely told all at once, questions arise for the audience which will be answered only later in the narrative’s telling. Will the transfigured panther-woman pounce on her rival as she walks home alone at night, hearing strange noises around her? Will Sam and Annie ever make their date at the top of (...)
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  40.  99
    Self-esteem.Robert J. Yanal - 1987 - Noûs 21 (3):363-379.
  41. Hume and others on the paradox of tragedy.Robert J. Yanal - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (1):75-76.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of J STOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. J STOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non—commercial use.
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  42. Hume's skepticism in the Treatise of human nature.Robert J. Fogelin - 1985 - Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Examines the skeptical arguments in David Hume's major work and analyzes the place of skepticism in his philosophy.
  43.  9
    Irrational Exuberance.Robert J. Shiller - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    This first edition of this book was a broad study, drawing on a wide range of published research and historical evidence, of the enormous stock market boom that started around 1982 and picked up incredible speed after 1995. Although it took as its specific starting point this ongoing boom, it placed it in the context of stock market booms generally, and it also made concrete suggestions regarding policy changes that should be initiated in response to this and other such booms. (...)
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  44.  9
    Linked and Convergent Reasons — Again.Robert J. Yanal - unknown
  45. The measure of mind: propositional attitudes and their attribution.Robert J. Matthews - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A prospective introduction -- The received view -- Troubles with the received view -- Are propositional attitudes relations? -- Foundations of a measurement-theoretic account of the attitudes -- The basic measurement-theoretic account -- Elaboration and explication of the proposed measurement-theoretic account.
  46. The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe.Robert J. Richards - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (3):618-619.
     
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  47. Pyrrhonian reflections on knowledge and justification.Robert J. Fogelin - 1994 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This work, written from a neo-Pyrrhonian perspective, is an examination of contemporary theories of knowledge and justification. It takes ideas primarily found in Sextus Empiricus's Outlines of Pyrrhonism, restates them in a modern idiom, and then asks whether any contemporary theory of knowledge meets the challenges they raise. The first part, entitled "Gettier and the Problem of Knowledge," attempts to rescue our ordinary concept of knowledge from those philosophers who have assigned burdens to it that it cannot bear. Properly understood, (...)
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  48. Discussion: A corrected model of explanation.Robert J. Ackermann - 1966 - Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):168.
  49. The Institutional Theory of Art.Robert J. Yanal - unknown
    he first institutional theory of art is outlined in a 1964 essay by Arthur Danto, “The Artworld,” which ruminates on the paradox that Andy Warhol’s Brillo Boxes is art though any of its perceptually indistinguishable twins—any stack of Brillo boxes in a grocery store—is not. Danto’s offers this solution to the paradox: “To see something as art requires something the eye cannot descry—an atmosphere of artistic theory, a knowledge of the history of art: an artworld.” Ultimately, though, it is “art (...)
     
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  50.  51
    Wittgenstein.Robert J. Fogelin - 1976 - New York: Routledge.
    This book is available either individually, or as part of the specially-priced Arguments of the Philosphers Collection.
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