Results for 'Robert E. Shaw'

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  1.  42
    Psychophysics and ecometrics.William H. Warren & Robert E. Shaw - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):209-210.
  2.  51
    Ecological foundations of cognition. I: Symmetry and specificity of animal-environment systems.M. T. Turvey & Robert E. Shaw - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    Ontological and methodological constraints on a theory of cognition that would generalize across species are identified. Within these constraints, ecological arguments for animal-environment mutuality and reciprocity and the necessary specificity of structured energy distributions to environmental facts are developed as counterpoints to the classical doctrines of animal-environment dualism and intractable nonspecificity. Implications of and for a cognitive theory consistent with Gibson's programme of ecological psychology are identified and contrasted with contemporary cognitivism.
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  3.  28
    Principles of learning and the ecological style of inquiry.Thomas R. Alley & Robert E. Shaw - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):139-141.
  4.  32
    Ecological foundations of cognition. II: Degrees of freedom and conserved quantities in animal-environment systems.Robert E. Shaw & M. T. Turvey - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    Cognition means different things to different psychologists depending on the position held on the mind-matter problem. Ecological psychologists reject the implied mind-matter dualism as an ill-posed theoretic problem because the assumed mind-matter incommensurability precludes a solution to the degrees of freedom problem. This fundamental problem was posed by both Nicolai Bernstein and James J. Gibson independently. It replaces mind-matter dualism with animal-environment duality -- a better posed scientific problem because commensurability is assured. Furthermore, when properly posed this way, a conservation (...)
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  5.  46
    Explanatory burdens and natural law: Invoking a field description of perception-action.Robert E. Shaw & Jeffrey B. Wagman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):905-906.
    Although we agree with Hommel et al. that perception and action refer to one another, we disagree that they do so via a code. Gibson (1966; 1979) attempted to frame perception-action as a field phenomenon rather than as a particle phenomenon. From such a perspective, perception and action are adjoint, mutually interacting through an information field, and codes are unnecessary.
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  6.  19
    Adjoint optimal control.Robert E. Shaw & Thomas F. Carolan - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):146-147.
  7.  34
    Ecologizing world graphs.Robert E. Shaw & Ennio Mingolla - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):648-650.
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  8.  34
    The job description of the cerebellum and a candidate model of its “tidal wave” function.Robert E. Shaw, Endre E. Kadar & M. T. Turvey - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):265-265.
    A path space integral approach to modelling the job description of the cerebellum is proposed. This new approach incorporates the equation into a kind of generalized Huygens's wave equation. The resulting exponential functional integral provides a mathematical expression of the inhibitory function by which the cerebellum the intended control signal from the background of neuronal excitation.
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  9.  24
    Path space integrals for modeling experimental measurements of cerebellar functioning.Endre E. Kadar, Robert E. Shaw & M. T. Turvey - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):253-254.
    A propagator for a path space integral can be used to represent the and provides a natural way to model a control signal that is temporally segmented by placement of pairs of stimulating and recording electrodes. Although care must be exercised in interpreting the resulting measurement, the technique should prove useful to experimenters who study cerebellar functioning.
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  10.  25
    An intentional dynamics approach to comparing robots with their biological targets.Judith A. Effken & Robert E. Shaw - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1058-1058.
    After identifying similarities in the paradigmatic problems of biorobotics and ecological psychology, we suggest a way to compare the performance of robots with that of their biological targets. The crucial comparison is between the intentional dynamics of the robot and those of the targeted animal, a measure that depends critically on recognizing and describing the underlying affordance-effectivity match of the target system.
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  11.  24
    Are You Ready for the Next Outbreak? An exercise in Legal Preparedness.John O. Agwunobi, Sara Feigenholtz, Donna E. Levin, Robert E. Ragland, Joseph M. Henderson & Frederic E. Shaw - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (s4):77-78.
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  12.  21
    Are You Ready for the Next Outbreak? An Exercise in Legal Preparedness.John O. Agwunobi, Sara Feigenholtz, Donna E. Levin, Robert E. Ragland, Joseph M. Henderson & Frederic E. Shaw - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (S4):77-78.
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  13.  59
    Patterned Hippocampal Stimulation Facilitates Memory in Patients With a History of Head Impact and/or Brain Injury.Brent M. Roeder, Mitchell R. Riley, Xiwei She, Alexander S. Dakos, Brian S. Robinson, Bryan J. Moore, Daniel E. Couture, Adrian W. Laxton, Gautam Popli, Heidi M. Clary, Maria Sam, Christi Heck, George Nune, Brian Lee, Charles Liu, Susan Shaw, Hui Gong, Vasilis Z. Marmarelis, Theodore W. Berger, Sam A. Deadwyler, Dong Song & Robert E. Hampson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16:933401.
    Rationale: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the hippocampus is proposed for enhancement of memory impaired by injury or disease. Many pre-clinical DBS paradigms can be addressed in epilepsy patients undergoing intracranial monitoring for seizure localization, since they already have electrodes implanted in brain areas of interest. Even though epilepsy is usually not a memory disorder targeted by DBS, the studies can nevertheless model other memory-impacting disorders, such as Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Methods: Human patients undergoing Phase II invasive monitoring for (...)
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  14.  26
    Corrigendum: Patterned hippocampal stimulation facilitates memory in patients with a history of head impact and/or brain injury.Brent M. Roeder, Mitchell R. Riley, Xiwei She, Alexander S. Dakos, Brian S. Robinson, Bryan J. Moore, Daniel E. Couture, Adrian W. Laxton, Gautam Popli, Heidi M. Munger Clary, Maria Sam, Christi Heck, George Nune, Brian Lee, Charles Liu, Susan Shaw, Hui Gong, Vasilis Z. Marmarelis, Theodore W. Berger, Sam A. Deadwyler, Dong Song & Robert E. Hampson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16:1039221.
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  15. Pedagogic Thinking That Grounds E-Learning for Secondary School Science Students in New Zealand.Robert Keith Shaw - 2007 - E-Learning and Digital Media 4 (4):471-481.
    Course designers adopted a language-learners approach to the online teaching of New Zealand secondary school students in the subject of astronomy. This was possible because the curriculum for astronomy that was in 2004 established as a part of New Zealand's national curriculum was specifically designed to engage underachieving students in science and technology. A criterion-referenced assessment regime was established and an Internet platform was built specifically to facilitate this form of assessment. This platform contrasts with the norm-referenced assessment programmes that (...)
     
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  16.  72
    Determinism, Moral Responsibility and Retribution.Elizabeth Shaw & Robert Blakey - 2019 - Neuroethics 13 (1):99-113.
    In this article, we will identify two issues that deserve greater attention from those researching lay people’s attitudes to moral responsibility and determinism. The first issue concerns whether people interpret the term “moral responsibility” in a retributive way and whether they are motivated to hold offenders responsible for pre-determined behaviour by considerations other than retributivism, e.g. the desires to condemn the action and to protect society. The second issue concerns whether explicitly rejecting moral responsibility and retributivism, after reading about determinism, (...)
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  17. Functional analysis.Robert E. Cummins - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (November):741-64.
  18. Ralph Waldo Emerson.Robert E. Burkholder & Joel Myerson - 1984 - In Joel Myerson (ed.), The Transcendentalists: a review of research and criticism. New York: Modern Language Association of America.
     
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  19.  10
    Trialectics: toward a practical logic of unity.Robert E. Horn (ed.) - 1983 - Lexington, Mass.: Information Resources.
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  20.  50
    On settling.Robert E. Goodin - 2012 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
    Introduction -- Modes of settling: settling down, settling in, settling up, settling for, settling one's affairs, settling on -- The value of settling: settling as an aid to planning and agency, settling, commitment, trust, and confidence, settling the social fabric -- What settling is not: settling is not just compromising, settling is not just conservatism, settling is not just resignation -- Settling in aid of striving: settling in order to strive, what strivings require settling, and why, when to switch between (...)
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  21. Epistemic Aspects of Representative Government. Goodin, E. Robert & Kai Spiekermann - 2012 - European Political Science Review 4 (3):303--325.
    The Federalist, justifying the Electoral College to elect the president, claimed that a small group of more informed individuals would make a better decision than the general mass. But the Condorcet Jury Theorem tells us that the more independent, better-than-random voters there are, the more likely it will be that the majority among them will be correct. The question thus arises as to how much better, on average, members of the smaller group would have to be to compensate for the (...)
     
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  22.  7
    The beautiful, the true, & the good: studies in the history of thought.Robert E. Wood - 2015 - Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
    "Among the foremost Catholic philosophers of his generation. He has utilized the fullness of the Catholic intellectual tradition to brilliantly take the measure of modern philosophical thought... This volume is an expression of Robert Wood's singular philosophical outlook." -Jude Dougherty, dean emeritus, school of philosophy, The Catholic University of America.
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  23.  5
    Basic Problems in Methodology and Linguistics: Part Three of the Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, London, Ontario, Canada-1975.Robert E. Butts & Jaakko Hintikka - 1977 - Springer.
    The Fifth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science was held at the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, 27 August to 2 September 1975. The Congress was held under the auspices of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science, Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, and was sponsored by the National Research Council of Canada and the University of Western Ontario. As those associated closely with the work of the Division over the years (...)
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  24.  26
    An Outline of Ethical Relativism and Ethical Absolutism.Robert E. Frederick - 1999 - In Robert Frederick (ed.), A companion to business ethics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. pp. 65–80.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Cultural relativism Ethical absolutism A cognitive alternative to EA: ethical relativism External and internal objections to ER Finding the middle ground: pluralistic relativism Ethics in business Conclusion.
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  25.  19
    Ratnākara's Haravijaya: An Introduction to the Sanskrit Court EpicRatnakara's Haravijaya: An Introduction to the Sanskrit Court Epic.Robert E. Goodwin, David Smith, Ratnākara & Ratnakara - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (2):374.
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  26.  15
    The geography of the everyday: toward an understanding of the given.Robert E. Sullivan - 2017 - Athens: University of Georgia Press.
    Starting with Goffman and ending with Foucault -- The spacetimeplace "thing" -- Time goes vertical; space yields in -- What Marx brought in from the cold : reproduction -- Bringing in the body -- Bring in geography.
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  27.  54
    Classical conditioning and brain systems: The role of awareness.Robert E. D. Clark & L. R. Squire - 1998 - Science 280:77-81.
  28.  25
    The faith of biology & the biology of faith: order, meaning, and free will in modern medical science.Robert E. Pollack - 2000 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    Originally published: c2000. With new pref. An award-winning biologist argues that the intersection of scientific creativity and religious insight is a prerequisite for the emergence of a more humane medical science.
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  29.  4
    The Faith of Biology and the Biology of Faith: Order, Meaning, and Free Will in Modern Medical Science.Robert E. Pollack - 2000 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Are there parallels between the "moment of insight" in science and the emergence of the "unknowable" in religious faith? Where does scientific insight come from? Award-winning biologist Robert Pollack argues that an alliance between religious faith and science is not necessarily an argument in favor of irrationality: the two can inform each other's visions of the world. Pollack begins by reflecting on the large questions of meaning and purpose--and the difficulty of finding either in the orderly world described by (...)
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  30. Approaches to Chan, Sŏn, and Zen Studies: Chinese Chan Buddhism and Its Spread throughout East Asia.Robert E. Buswell (ed.) - 2022 - SUNY Press.
    This volume focuses on Chinese Chan Buddhism and its spread across East Asia, with special attention to its impacts on Korean Sŏn and Japanese Zen. Zen enthralled the scholarly world throughout much of the twentieth century, and Zen Studies became a major academic discipline in its wake. Interpreted through the lens of Japanese Zen and its reaction to events in the modern world, Zen Studies incorporated a broad range of Zen-related movements in the East Asian Buddhist world. As broad as (...)
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  31. Between Nature and Art.Robert E. Innis - 2020 - In Walter B. Gulick & Gary Slater (eds.), American aesthetics: theory and practice. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 111-134.
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  32.  25
    The Many Faces of Integrity.Robert Audi & Patrick E. Murphy - 2006 - Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (1):3-21.
    Integrity is a central topic in business ethics, and in the world of business it is quite possibly the most commonly cited morally desirable trait. But integrity is conceived in widely differing ways, and as often as it is discussed in the literature and given a central place in corporate ethics statements, the notion is used so variously that its value in guiding everyday conduct may be more limited than is generally supposed. Two central questions for this paper are what (...)
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  33.  38
    William Whewell's Theory of Scientific Method.Robert E. Butts (ed.) - 1969 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    William Whewell is considered one of the most important nineteenth-century British philosophers of science and a contributor to modern philosophical thought, particularly regarding the problem of induction and the logic of discovery. In this volume, Robert E. Butts offers selections from Whewell's most important writings, and analysis of counter-claims to his philosophy.
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  34. I and Tao: Martin Buber's Encounter with Chuang Tzu.Robert E. Allinson & Jonathan R. Herman - 1998 - Philosophy East and West 48 (3):529-534.
    This review confirms Herman’s work as a praiseworthy contribution to East-West and comparative philosophical literature. Due credit is given to Herman for providing English readers with access to Buber’s commentary on, a personal translation of, the Chuang-Tzu; Herman’s insight into the later influence of I and Thou on Buber’s understanding of Chuang-Tzu and Taoism is also appropriately commended. In latter half of this review, constructive criticisms of Herman’s work are put forward, such as formatting inconsistencies, a tendency toward verbosity and (...)
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  35.  26
    An Epistemic Theory of Democracy.Robert E. Goodin & Kai Spiekermann - 2018 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Edited by Kai Spiekermann.
    This book examines the Condorcet Jury Theorem and how its assumptions can be applicable to the real world. It will use the theorem to assess various familiar political practices and alternative institutional arrangements, revealing how best to take advantage of the truth-tracking potential of majoritarian democracy.
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  36. Classical conditioning, awareness, and brain systems.Robert E. Clark, Joseph R. Manns & Larry R. Squire - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):524-531.
  37.  18
    Necessary Truth in Whewell's Theory of Science.Robert E. Butts - 1965 - American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (3):161 - 181.
  38. On the question of relativism in the Chuang-Tzu.Robert E. Allinson - 1989 - Philosophy East and West 39 (1):13-26.
    This article offers a meta-analysis of contemporary approaches aimed at resolving the internal, relativistic-non-relativistic tension within the text of the Chuang-Tzu. In the first section, the four most commonly applied approaches are unpacked and evaluated, ranging from relativistic approaches such as hard relativism and soft relativism, to approaches that acknowledge both relativism and non-relativism, as well as others which acknowledge neither of the two perspectives (relativism and non-relativism). After demonstrating the immanent difficulties these four types of approaches encounter, the latter (...)
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  39.  44
    The Kyoto School: An Introduction.Robert E. Carter & Thomas P. Kasulis - 2013 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    _An accessible discussion of the thought of key figures of the Kyoto School of Japanese philosophy._.
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  40.  97
    Functional fixedness as related to problem solving: a repetition of three experiments.Robert E. Adamson - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):288.
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  41. Enfranchising all affected interests, and its alternatives.Robert E. Goodin - 2007 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (1):40–68.
  42. Kant and the Double Government Methodology.Robert E. Butts - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (3):371-375.
     
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  43. Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy.Robert E. Goodin - 1995 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Utilitarianism, the great reforming philosophy of the nineteenth century, has today acquired the reputation for being a crassly calculating, impersonal philosophy unfit to serve as a guide to moral conduct. Yet what may disqualify utilitarianism as a personal philosophy makes it an eminently suitable guide for public officials in the pursuit of their professional responsibilities. Robert E. Goodin, a philosopher with many books on political theory, public policy and applied ethics to his credit, defends utilitarianism against its critics and (...)
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  44. The golden rule as the core value in confucianism & christianity: Ethical similarities and differences.Robert E. Allinson - 1992 - Asian Philosophy 2 (2):173 – 185.
    One side of this paper is devoted to showing that the Golden Rule, understood as standing for universal love, is centrally characteristic of Confucianism properly understood, rather than graded, familial love. In this respect Confucianism and Christianity are similar. The other side of this paper is devoted to arguing contra 18 centuries of commentators that the negative sentential formulation of the Golden Rule as found in Confucius cannot be converted to an affirmative sentential formulation (as is found in Christianity) without (...)
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  45.  30
    Functional fixedness as related to elapsed time and to set.Robert E. Adamson & Donald W. Taylor - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (2):122.
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  46.  28
    Relation of Leśniewski's mereology to boolean algebra.Robert E. Clay - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (4):241--252.
  47.  27
    Constructivism and science: essays in recent German philosophy.Robert E. Butts & James Robert Brown (eds.) - 1989 - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The idea to produce the current volume was conceived by Jiirgen Mittelstrass and Robert E. Butts in 1978. Idealist philosophers are wrong about one thing: the temporal gap separating idea and reality can be very long indeed - even ten or so years! Problems of timing were joined by personal problems and by the pressure of other professional commitments. Fortunately, James Brown agreed to cooperate in the editing of the volume; the infusion of his usual energy, good judgement and (...)
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  48.  28
    Hypothesis and explanation in kant’s philosophy of science.Robert E. Butts - 1961 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 43 (2):153-170.
  49.  57
    Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn.Robert E. Goodin - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Revisioning macro-democratic processes in light of the processes and promise of micro-deliberation, Innovating Democracy provides an integrated perspective on democratic theory and practice after the deliberative turn.
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  50. Moral values and the Taoist Sage in the Tao de Ching.Robert E. Allinson - 1994 - Asian Philosophy 4 (2):127 – 136.
    The theme of this paper is that while there are four seemingly contradictory classes of statements in the Tao de Ching regarding moral values and the Taoist sage, these statements can be interpreted to be consistent with each other. There are statements which seemingly state or imply that nothing at all can be said about the Tao; there are statements which seemingly state or imply that all value judgements are relative; there are statements which appear to attribute moral behaviour to (...)
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