Results for 'Robert E. Cummins'

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  1. Functional analysis.Robert E. Cummins - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (November):741-64.
  2. New York branch of the american psychological association.Robert A. Cummins, G. C. Myers, E. L. Cornell, A. I. Gates & A. T. Poffenberger - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (5):130-134.
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  3. Neo-teleology.Robert Cummins - 2002 - In Andre Ariew, Robert Cummins & Mark Perlman (eds.), Functions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology and Biology. Oxford University Press.
    Neo-teleology is the two part thesis that, e.g., (i) we have hearts because of what hearts are for: Hearts are for blood circulation, not the production of a pulse, so hearts are there--animals have them--because their function is to circulate the blood, and (ii) that (i) is explained by natural selection: traits spread through populations because of their functions. This paper attacks this popular doctrine. The presence of a biological trait or structure is not explained by appeal to its function. (...)
     
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  4. Truth and meaning.Robert C. Cummins - 2002 - In Joseph Keim-Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & David Shier (eds.), Meaning and Truth: Investigations in Philosophical Semantics. Seven Bridges Press. pp. 175-197.
    D O N A L D D AV I D S O N’S “ Meaning and Truth,” re vo l u t i o n i zed our conception of how truth and meaning are related (Davidson    ). In that famous art i c l e , Davidson put forw a rd the bold conjecture that meanings are satisfaction conditions, and that a Tarskian theory of truth for a language is a theory of meaning for that language. (...)
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  5. Epistemological strata and the rules of right reason.Robert C. Cummins, Pierre Poirier & Martin Roth - 2004 - Synthese 141 (3):287 - 331.
    It has been commonplace in epistemology since its inception to idealize away from computational resource constraints, i.e., from the constraints of time and memory. One thought is that a kind of ideal rationality can be specified that ignores the constraints imposed by limited time and memory, and that actual cognitive performance can be seen as an interaction between the norms of ideal rationality and the practicalities of time and memory limitations. But a cornerstone of naturalistic epistemology is that normative assessment (...)
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  6.  77
    Cognitive evolutionary psychology without representational nativism.Denise D. Cummins, Robert C. Cummins & Pierre Poirier - 2003 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 15 (2):143-159.
    A viable evolutionary cognitive psychology requires that specific cognitive capacities be (a) heritable and (b) ‘quasi-independent’ from other heritable traits. They must be heritable because there can be no selection for traits that are not. They must be quasi-independent from other heritable traits, since adaptive variations in a specific cognitive capacity could have no distinctive consequences for fitness if effecting those variations required widespread changes in other unrelated traits and capacities as well. These requirements would be satisfied by innate cognitive (...)
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  7.  12
    The beautiful, the true, & the good: studies in the history of thought.Robert E. Wood - 2015 - Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
    "Among the foremost Catholic philosophers of his generation. He has utilized the fullness of the Catholic intellectual tradition to brilliantly take the measure of modern philosophical thought... This volume is an expression of Robert Wood's singular philosophical outlook." -Jude Dougherty, dean emeritus, school of philosophy, The Catholic University of America.
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  8.  34
    Finders, Keepers: Collecting Sciences and Collecting Practice.Robert E. Kohler - 2007 - History of Science 45 (4):428-454.
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  9.  20
    Philosophy of science in Canada.Robert E. Butts - 1974 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (2):341-358.
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    Veröffentlichungen kanadischer Wissenschaftstheoretiker.Robert E. Butts & John Galinaitis - 1974 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (2):390-406.
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  11.  2
    The Benefits of Multiple Biased Observers.Robert E. Goodin - 2006 - Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 3 (3):166-174.
  12.  36
    Stimulus encoding and memory.Robert E. Warren - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (1):90.
  13. Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy.Robert E. Goodin - 1995 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Utilitarianism, the great reforming philosophy of the nineteenth century, has today acquired the reputation for being a crassly calculating, impersonal philosophy unfit to serve as a guide to moral conduct. Yet what may disqualify utilitarianism as a personal philosophy makes it an eminently suitable guide for public officials in the pursuit of their professional responsibilities. Robert E. Goodin, a philosopher with many books on political theory, public policy and applied ethics to his credit, defends utilitarianism against its critics and (...)
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  14.  19
    Association, directionality, and stimulus encoding.Robert E. Warren - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):151.
  15. Frege’s puzzle and Frege cases: Defending a quasi-syntactic solution.Robert D. Rupert - 2008 - Cognitive Systems Research 9:76-91.
    There is no doubt that social interaction plays an important role in language-learning, as well as in concept acquisition. In surprising contrast, social interaction makes only passing appearance in our most promising naturalistic theories of content. This is particularly true in the case of mental content (e.g., Cummins, 1996; Dretske, 1981, 1988; Fodor, 1987, 1990a; Millikan, 1984); and insofar as linguistic content derives from mental content (Grice, 1957), social interaction seems missing from our best naturalistic theories of both.1 In (...)
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  16.  28
    An Epistemic Theory of Democracy.Robert E. Goodin & Kai Spiekermann - 2018 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Edited by Kai Spiekermann.
    This book examines the Condorcet Jury Theorem and how its assumptions can be applicable to the real world. It will use the theorem to assess various familiar political practices and alternative institutional arrangements, revealing how best to take advantage of the truth-tracking potential of majoritarian democracy.
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  17.  28
    Reflective Democracy.Robert E. Goodin - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this strikingly original book, one of the leading scholars in the field focuses on the influential idea of deliberative democracy. Goodin examines the great challenge of how to implement the deliberative ideal among millions of people at once and comes up with a novel solution: 'democratic deliberation within'.
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  18. Enfranchising all affected interests, and its alternatives.Robert E. Goodin - 2007 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (1):40–68.
  19.  11
    On the representation of certain digit sequences in memory.Robert E. Warren & Michael Hess - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (2):213-215.
  20.  24
    Hollywood Westerns and American myth: The importance of Howard Hawks and John Ford for political philosophy.Robert E. Watkins - 2013 - Contemporary Political Theory 12 (2):e1.
  21.  16
    Hollywood Westerns and American myth: The importance of Howard Hawks and John Ford for political philosophy.Robert E. Watkins - 2013 - Contemporary Political Theory 12 (2):e1-e4.
  22. Vulnerability, vengeance, and community : Butler's political thought and Eastwood's Mystic river.Robert E. Watkins - 2008 - In Terrell Carver & Samuel Allen Chambers (eds.), Judith Butler's Precarious Politics: Critical Encounters. Routledge.
     
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  23.  57
    Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn.Robert E. Goodin - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Revisioning macro-democratic processes in light of the processes and promise of micro-deliberation, Innovating Democracy provides an integrated perspective on democratic theory and practice after the deliberative turn.
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  24. What is so special about our fellow countrymen?Robert E. Goodin - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):663-686.
  25. Benefiting from the Wrongdoing of Others.Robert E. Goodin & Christian Barry - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):363-376.
    Bracket out the wrong of committing a wrong, or conspiring or colluding or conniving with others in their committing one. Suppose you have done none of those things, and you find yourself merely benefiting from a wrong committed wholly by someone else. What, if anything, is wrong with that? What, if any, duties follow from it? If straightforward restitution were possible — if you could just ‘give back’ what you received as a result of the wrongdoing to its rightful owner (...)
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  26. Reflective democracy.Robert E. Goodin - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Democracy used to be seen as a relatively mechanical matter of merely adding up everyone's votes in free and fair elections. That mechanistic model has many virtues, among them allowing democracy to 'track the truth', where purely factual issues are all that is at stake. Political disputes invariably mix facts with values, however, and then it is essential to listen to what people are saying rather than merely note how they are voting. The great challenge is how to implement that (...)
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  27.  99
    Reasons for Welfare: The Political Theory of the Welfare State.Robert E. Goodin - 1988 - Princeton University Press.
    Discusses the justification for a minimal welfare state independent of political rhetoric from the right or the left.
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  28.  54
    Classical conditioning and brain systems: The role of awareness.Robert E. D. Clark & L. R. Squire - 1998 - Science 280:77-81.
  29. What does character education mean to character education experts? A prototype analysis of expert opinions.Robert E. McGrath, Hyemin Han, Mitch Brown & Peter Meindl - 2022 - Journal of Moral Education 51 (2):219-237.
    Having an agreed-upon definition of character education would be useful for both researchers and practitioners in the field. However, even experts in character education disagree on how they would define it. We attempted to achieve greater conceptual clarity on this issue through a prototype analysis in which the features perceived as most central to character education were identified. In Study 1 (N = 77), we asked character education experts to enumerate features of character education. Based on these lists, we identified (...)
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  30.  56
    Landscape and ideology in American renaissance literature: topographies of skepticism.Robert E. Abrams - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Robert Abrams argues that new concepts of space and landscape emerged in mid-nineteenth-century American writing, marking a linguistic and interpretative limit to American expansion. Abrams supports the radical elements of antebellum writing, where writers from Hawthorne to Rebecca Harding Davis disputed the naturalizing discourses of mid-nineteenth century society. Whereas previous critics find in antebellum writing a desire to convert chaos into an affirmative, liberal agenda, Abrams contends that authors of the 1840s and 50s deconstructed more than they constructed.
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  31.  18
    Using the VIA Classification to Advance a Psychological Science of Virtue.Robert E. McGrath & Mitch Brown - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The VIA Classification of Character Strengths and Virtue has received substantial attention since its inception as a model of 24 dimensions of positive human functioning, but less so as a potential contributor to a psychological science on the nature of virtue. The current paper presents an overview of how this classification could serve to advance the science of virtue. Specifically, we summarize previous research on the dimensional versus categorical characterization of virtue, and on the identification of cardinal virtues. We give (...)
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  32.  8
    Mechanism and materialism.Robert E. Schofield - 1969 - Princeton, N.J.,: Princeton University Press.
    Robert Schofield explores the rational elements of British experimental natural philosophy in the 18th century by tracing the influence of two opposing concepts of the nature of matter and its action—mechanism and materialism. Both concepts rested on the Newtonian interpretation of their proponents, although each developed more or less independently. By integrating the developments in all the areas of experimental natural philosophy, describing their connections and the influences of Continental science, natural theology, and to a lesser degree social and (...)
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  33. Epistemic Aspects of Representative Government. Goodin, E. Robert & Kai Spiekermann - 2012 - European Political Science Review 4 (3):303--325.
    The Federalist, justifying the Electoral College to elect the president, claimed that a small group of more informed individuals would make a better decision than the general mass. But the Condorcet Jury Theorem tells us that the more independent, better-than-random voters there are, the more likely it will be that the majority among them will be correct. The question thus arises as to how much better, on average, members of the smaller group would have to be to compensate for the (...)
     
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  34. Demandingness as a Virtue.Robert E. Goodin - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (1):1-13.
    Philosophers who complain about the ‹demandingness’ of morality forget that a morality can make too few demands as well as too many. What we ought be seeking is an appropriately demanding morality. This article recommends a ‹moral satisficing’ approach to determining when a morality is ‹demanding enough’, and an institutionalized solution to keeping the demands within acceptable limits.
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  35.  90
    Double Voting.Robert E. Goodin & Ana Tanasoca - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (4):743-758.
    The democratic egalitarian ideal requires that everyone should enjoy equal power over the world through voting. If it is improper to vote twice in the same election, why should it be permissible for dual citizens to vote in two different places? Several possible excuses are considered and rejected.
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  36. Functional analysis and proper functions.Paul E. Griffiths - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):409-422.
    The etiological approach to ‘proper functions’ in biology can be strengthened by relating it to Robert Cummins' general treatment of function ascription. The proper functions of a biological trait are the functions it is assigned in a Cummins-style functional explanation of the fitness of ancestors. These functions figure in selective explanations of the trait. It is also argued that some recent etiological theories include inaccurate accounts of selective explanation in biology. Finally, a generalization of the notion of (...)
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  37.  60
    Discretionary Time: A New Measure of Freedom.Robert E. Goodin, James Mahmud Rice, Antti Parpo & Lina Eriksson - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    A healthy work-life balance has become increasingly important to people trying to cope with the pressures of contemporary society. This trend highlights the fallacy of assessing well-being in terms of finance alone; how much time we have matters just as much as how much money. The authors of this book have developed a novel way to measure 'discretionary time': time which is free to spend as one pleases. Exploring data from the US, Australia, Germany, France, Sweden and Finland, they show (...)
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  38.  98
    Democratic Deliberation Within.Robert E. Goodin - 2000 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (1):81-109.
  39.  51
    The Ontological Argument.Robert E. Maydole - 2009 - In William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 553–592.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Validity of Anselm's Ontological Argument The Truth of the Anselmian Premises On Whether Anselm's Ontological Argument Begs the Question On Parodies The Validity of the Ontological Argument of Descartes and Leibniz On the Truth of the Descartes–Leibniz Premises Critiques of the Descartes–Leibniz Ontological Argument Ontological Arguments of the Twentieth Century Gödel's Ontological Argument On Whether Gödel's Argument is Sound The Modal Perfection Argument The Temporal‐Contingency Argument Conclusion References Appendix 1. Logic Matters Appendix 2. Formal (...)
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  40.  22
    Joseph Priestley, The Theory of Oxidation and the Nature of Matter.Robert E. Schofield - 1964 - Journal of the History of Ideas 25 (2):285.
  41.  43
    Psychophysics and ecometrics.William H. Warren & Robert E. Shaw - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):209-210.
  42.  98
    Functional fixedness as related to problem solving: a repetition of three experiments.Robert E. Adamson - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):288.
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  43. Green Political Theory.Robert E. Goodin - 1992 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Polity.
    With their remarkable electoral successes, Green parties worldwide seized the political imagination of friends and foes alike. Mainstream politicians busily disparage them and imitate them in turn. This new book shows that 'greens' deserve to be taken more seriously than that. This is the first full-length philosophical discussion of the green political programme. Goodin shows that green public policy proposals are unified by a single, coherent moral vision - a 'green theory of value' - that is largely independent of the (...)
     
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  44.  51
    No Smoking: The Ethical Issues.Robert E. Goodin - 1989 - University of Chicago Press Journals.
  45. On the Experience of Time.Robert E. Ornstein - 1969 - Harmondsworth.
    "How do we experience time? What do we use to experience it?In a series of remarkable experiments, Robert Ornstein shows that it is difficult to maintain an “inner clock” explanation of the experience".
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  46.  44
    Pragmatism in Environmental Ethics.Robert E. Manning - 1999 - Environmental Ethics 21 (2):191-207.
    A growing number of contributors to environmental philosophy are beginning to rethink the field’s mission and practice. Noting that the emphasis of protracted conceptual battles over axiology may not get us very far in solving environmental problems, many environmental ethicists have begun to advocate a more pragmatic, pluralistic, and policy-based approach in philosophical discussions abouthuman-nature relationships. In this paper, we argue for the legitimacy of this approach, stressing that public deliberation and debate over alternative environmental ethics is necessary for a (...)
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  47. Assessing teaching/learning successes in multiple domains of science and science education.Robert E. Yager & Alan J. McCormack - 1989 - Science Education 73 (1):45-58.
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  48. Manipulatory politics.Robert E. Goodin - 1980 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
  49.  22
    Robert G. Morrison, Nietzsche and Buddhism: A Study in Nihilism and Ironic Affinities.Robert E. Carter - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 45 (2):139-141.
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  50.  32
    Functional fixedness as related to elapsed time and to set.Robert E. Adamson & Donald W. Taylor - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (2):122.
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