Results for 'Robert Bowles'

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  1. Cooperation, Reciprocity and Punishment in Fifteen Small- scale Societies.Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - unknown
    Recent investigations have uncovered large, consistent deviations from the predictions of the textbook representation of Homo economicus (Roth et al, 1992, Fehr and Gächter, 2000, Camerer 2001). One problem appears to lie in economists’ canonical assumption that individuals are entirely self-interested: in addition to their own material payoffs, many experimental subjects appear to care about fairness and reciprocity, are willing to change the distribution of material outcomes at personal cost, and reward those who act in a cooperative manner while punishing (...)
     
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  2.  18
    Foundations of Human Sociality - Economic Experiments and Ethnographic: Evidence From Fifteen Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr & Herbert Gintis (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What motives underlie the ways humans interact socially? Are these the same for all societies? Are these part of our nature, or influenced by our environments?Over the last decade, research in experimental economics has emphatically falsified the textbook representation of Homo economicus. Literally hundreds of experiments suggest that people care not only about their own material payoffs, but also about such things as fairness, equity and reciprocity. However, this research left fundamental questions unanswered: Are such social preferences stable components of (...)
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  3. “Economic man” in cross-cultural perspective: Behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  4. Models of decision-making and the coevolution of social preferences.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  5. The evolution of altruistic punishment.Robert Boyd, Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Peter Richerson & J. - 2003 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100 (6):3531-3535.
     
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  6. Explaining altruistic behaviour in humans.Herb Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd & Fehr & Ernst - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  38
    Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety?Elaine Fox, Riccardo Russo, Robert Bowles & Kevin Dutton - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):681.
  8.  25
    The punishment that sustains cooperation is often coordinated and costly.Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, Sarah Mathew & Peter J. Richerson - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):20 - 21.
    Experiments are not models of cooperation; instead, they demonstrate the presence of the ethical and other-regarding predispositions that often motivate cooperation and the punishment of free-riders. Experimental behavior predicts subjects' cooperation in the field. Ethnographic studies in small-scale societies without formal coercive institutions demonstrate that disciplining defectors is both essential to cooperation and often costly to the punisher.
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  9.  37
    Models of decision-making and the coevolution of social preferences.Henrich Joseph, Boyd Robert, Bowles Samuel, Camerer Colin, Fehr Ernst, Gintis Herbert, McElreath Richard, Alvard Michael, Barr Abigail & Ensminger Jean - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6).
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  10.  18
    On the Status of Implicit Memory Bias in Anxiety.Riccardo Russo, Elaine Fox & Robert J. Bowles - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (4):435-456.
  11.  7
    My body until proven otherwise: Exploring the time course of the full body illusion.Samantha Keenaghan, Lucy Bowles, Georgina Crawfurd, Simon Thurlbeck, Robert W. Kentridge & Dorothy Cowie - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 78:102882.
  12.  60
    The Educational Significance of the Ethics Bowl.Robert F. Ladenson - 2001 - Teaching Ethics 1 (1):63-78.
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  13.  18
    Defeasability and Conditional Obligation.Robert P. McArthur - 1981 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 3:50-57.
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  14.  12
    Ethics and Professionalism.Robert Wachbroit - 1983 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 5:59-72.
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  15.  34
    Nothing to Be Proud Of.Robert C. Solomon - 1979 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 1:18-35.
    Emotions, according to David Hume, are “simple and uniform impressions,” “internal” impressions which are related to other impressions according to an empirically demonstrable set of “laws of association.” The notion that an emotion is “simple” and a mere “impression” accounts for the relatively little attention the topic of “the passions” has received in modern philosophy, at least until very recently. Unlike “ideas,” to which such “impressions” are usually contrasted, emotions are thought to be preconceptual, unintelligent, irrational, causal products of “animal (...)
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  16.  14
    On What Ought We Vote?Robert Strikwerda - 1984 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 6:182-190.
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  17.  21
    Liberty or Liberties?Robert B. Westmoreland - 1985 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 7:204-219.
  18.  21
    The Exploitation of Human Death.Robert B. Hallborg Jr - 1986 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8:155-167.
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  19.  7
    Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd y Ernst Fehr (Eds.): Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2005.Jorge Luis Salcedo - 2007 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 7:179-182.
  20.  1
    Points of intersection: meeting Paul Bowles, Allen Ginsberg, Brion Gysin, Robert Graves, Pauline Réage, and others.Gregory Stephenson - 2018 - Thy, Denmark: EyeCorner Press.
    Chasing the fading contours if the past. Pursuing points of intersection. Encounters with aging literary figures and surviving witnesses to history. Excavating printed artifacts in the back rooms of used book shops. Locating of equipment lost or discarded. Conversations with Paul Bowles & Mohammed Mrabet, Brion Gysin, "Pauline Réage, Robert Graves, Maurice Girodias, Berthe Cleyrergue, Edouard Roditi, Allen Ginsberg & Peter Orlovsky." --Back cover.
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  21.  18
    The growth of Ethics Bowls: a pedagogical tool to develop moral reasoning in a complex world.Lisa M. Lee - 2020 - International Journal of Ethics Education 6 (1):141-148.
    The first Ethics Bowl competition was established in the 1990s by Dr. Robert Ladenson of the Illinois Institute of Technology to help students reason through ethical challenges they will face in their personal and professional lives, and help them develop responsibilities as citizens of a democracy. Since then, the Ethics Bowl format and its pedagogical goals have been adapted to many other academic disciplines and a variety of student and professional populations. Our aim was to quantify the growth of (...)
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  22.  18
    Brennan, Geoffrey;, Eriksson, Lina;, Goodin, Robert E.; and Southwood, Nicholas. Explaining Norms.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 290. $55.00. [REVIEW]David K. Henderson - 2014 - Ethics 124 (4):882-888.
    Explaining Norms is a work in philosophy of social science aspiring to provide an account of norms, their general character, their kinds ðformal, legal, moral, and socialÞ, what they can explain, and what explains their dynamic ðemergence, persistence, and unravelingÞ. The authors engage with various positions in ethics, political philosophy, and ðto some extentÞ the philosophy of law. The discussion is rewarding and inventive—it provides distinctive and intriguing views on several topics ðe.g., on the distinction between moral and social normsÞ. (...)
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  23.  4
    Paul Bowles on Music: Includes the Last Interview with Paul Bowles.Paul Bowles - 2003 - Univ of California Press.
    "In this wonderfully engaging and informative collection we hear the voice of a different Paul Bowles. Writing on a wide range of subjects--jazz, film music, classical music, popular music, ethnic music--he is direct, opinionated, incisive, analytical, humorous, and passionate."—Millicent Dillon, author of You Are Not I: A Portrait of Paul Bowles.
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  24.  6
    Unequal Chances: Family Background and Economic Success.Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis & Melissa Osborne Groves (eds.) - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
    Is the United States "the land of equal opportunity" or is the playing field tilted in favor of those whose parents are wealthy, well educated, and white? If family background is important in getting ahead, why? And if the processes that transmit economic status from parent to child are unfair, could public policy address the problem? Unequal Chances provides new answers to these questions by leading economists, sociologists, biologists, behavioral geneticists, and philosophers.New estimates show that intergenerational inequality in the United (...)
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  25.  2
    The Unity of European History: A Political and Cultural Survey.John Bowle - 1970 - Oxford University Press USA.
  26. Schooling in Capitalist America: Educational Reform and the Contradiction of Economic Life.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1977 - Science and Society 41 (2):232-234.
     
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  27.  3
    The moral economy: why good incentives are no substitute for good citizens.Samuel Bowles - 2016 - London: Yale University Press.
    Should the idea of economic man-the amoral and self-interested Homo economicus-determine how we expect people to respond to monetary rewards, punishments, and other incentives? Samuel Bowles answers with a resounding "no." Policies that follow from this paradigm, he shows, may "crowd out" ethical and generous motives and thus backfire. But incentives per se are not really the culprit. Bowles shows that crowding out occurs when the message conveyed by fines and rewards is that self-interest is expected, that the (...)
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  28. The evolution of altruistic punishment.Rob Boyd - manuscript
    Robert Boyd*†, Herbert Gintis‡, Samuel Bowles§, and Peter J. Richerson¶.
     
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  29. Political Philosophy.John Bowle - 1974 - Encyclopaedia Britannica.
     
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  30.  7
    Heidegger and the Absence of Body.Brian E. Bowles - 2001 - International Studies in Philosophy 33 (2):1-29.
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  31. Democracy and Capitalism: Property, Community, and the Contradictions of Modern Social Thought.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1987 - Science and Society 51 (3):362-364.
  32. A Political and Economic Case for the Democratic Enterprise.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1993 - Economics and Philosophy 9 (1):75.
    We consider two reasons why firms should be owned and run democratically by their workers. The first concerns accountability : Because the employment relationship involves the exercise of power, its governance should on democratic grounds be accountable to those most directly affected. The second concerns efficiency : The democratic firm uses a lower level of inputs per unit of output than the analogous capitalist firm.
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  33. Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane’s Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons.<sup>1</sup> That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop other dispositions, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. To say it again, a person has a free will just in case her character is the product (...)
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  34.  9
    Workplace Harassment Intensity and Revenge: Mediation and Moderation Effects.Qiang Wang, Nathan A. Bowling, Qi-tao Tian, Gene M. Alarcon & Ho Kwong Kwan - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (1):213-234.
    This study examines the mediating role of rumination, state anger, and blame attribution, and the moderating role of trait forgiveness in the relationship between workplace harassment intensity and revenge among employed students at a medium-sized Midwestern U.S. university and full-time employees from various industries in Shanghai, China. We tested the proposed model using techniques described by Hayes. Results within both samples suggested that workplace harassment intensity is positively associated with both major and minor revenge. Results of multiple mediation tests showed (...)
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  35. Is Liberal Society a Parasite on Tradition?Samuel Bowles - 2011 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 39 (1):46-81.
  36. On Representing True-in-L'in L Robert L. Martin and Peter W. Woodruff.Robert L. Martin - 1984 - In Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox. Oxford University Press. pp. 47.
     
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  37. Power and wealth in a competitive capitalist economy.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1992 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (4):324-353.
  38.  29
    Propositional Relevance.George Bowles - 1990 - Informal Logic 12 (2).
  39.  34
    Social preferences, homo economicus, and zoon politikon.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 2006 - In Robert E. Goodin & Charles Tilly (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis. Oxford University Press. pp. 172--86.
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  40.  48
    The evolution of altruistic punishment.Peter Richerson - manuscript
    Robert Boyd*†, Herbert Gintis‡, Samuel Bowles§, and Peter J. Richerson¶.
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  41.  3
    Multiagent learning using a variable learning rate.Michael Bowling & Manuela Veloso - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 136 (2):215-250.
  42.  16
    Selected Philosophical Papers of Robert Boyle.Robert Boyle (ed.) - 1979 - Manchester University Press.
    "The availability of a paperback version of Boyle's philosophical writings selected by M. A. Stewart will be a real service to teachers, students, and scholars with seventeenth-century interests. The editor has shown excellent judgment in bringing together many of the most important works and printing them, for the most part, in unabridged form. The texts have been edited responsibly with emphasis on readability.... Of special interest in connection with Locke and with the reception of Descarte's Corpuscularianism, to students of the (...)
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  43. The Significance of Free Will.Robert Kane - 1996 - New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    Robert Kane provides a critical overview of debates about free will of the past half century, relating this recent inquiry to the broader history of the free will issue and to vital currents of twentieth century thought. Kane also defends a traditional libertarian or incompatibilist view of free will, employing arguments that are both new to philosophy and that respond to contemporary developments in physics and biology, neuro science, and the cognitive and behavioral sciences.
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  44.  25
    Robert Nichols in Conversation with Kelly Aguirre, Phil Henderson, Cressida J. Heyes, Alana Lentin, and Corey Snelgrove.Robert Nichols, Phil Henderson, Cressida J. Heyes, Kelly Aguirre, Alana Lentin & Corey Snelgrove - 2021 - Journal of World Philosophies 6 (2):181-222.
    Kelly Aguirre, Phil Henderson, Cressida J. Heyes, Alana Lentin, and Corey Snelgrove engage with different aspects of Robert Nichols’ Theft is Property! Dispossession and Critical Theory. Henderson focuses on possible spaces for maneuver, agency, contradiction, or failure in subject formation available to individuals and communities interpellated through diremptive processes. Heyes homes in on the ritual of antiwill called “consent” that systematically conceals the operation of power. Aguirre foregrounds tensions in projects of critical theory scholarship that aim for dialogue and (...)
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  45.  69
    Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane’s Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons. That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop values and beliefs besides those that presently make up her motives, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. An agent wills freely, on this view, by beingultimately (...)
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  46.  7
    A Political and Economic Case for the Democratic Enterprise.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1993 - Economics and Philosophy 9 (1):75-100.
    We consider two reasons why firms should be owned and run democratically by their workers. The first concernsaccountability: Because the employment relationship involves the exercise of power, its governance should on democratic grounds be accountable to those most directly affected. The second concernsefficiency: The democratic firm uses a lower level of inputs per unit of output than the analogous capitalist firm.
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  47. Beyond the Wasteland: A Democratic Alternative to Economic Decline.Samuel Bowles, David Gordon & Thomas Weisskopf - 1984 - Science and Society 48 (2):224-229.
     
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  48. The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle.Robert Boyle - 1999 - Thoemmes Press.
    'almost every branch of modern science can trace phases of its origin in his writings... in the broad field of science Boyle made a greater number and variety of discoveries than one man is ever likely to make again' - John Fulton, Boyle's bibliographer Robert Boyle (1627-91) was one of the most influential scientists and philosophers of the seventeenth century. The founder of modern chemistry, he headed the movement that turned it from an occult science into a subject well-grounded (...)
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  49.  44
    Favorable Relevance and Arguments.George Bowles - 1989 - Informal Logic 11 (1).
  50. Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind.Robert D. Rupert - 2009 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    Robert Rupert argues against the view that human cognitive processes comprise elements beyond the boundary of the organism, developing a systems-based conception in place of this extended view. He also argues for a conciliatory understanding of the relation between the computational approach to cognition and the embedded and embodied views.
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