Results for 'Robert Ayres'

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  1. Strong versus Weak Sustainability: Economics, Natural Sciences, and Consilience.Robert Ayres, Jeroen van den Berrgh & John Gowdy - 2001 - Environmental Ethics 23 (2):155-168.
    The meaning of sustainability is the subject of intense debate among environmental and resource economists. Perhaps no other issue separates more clearly the traditional economic view from the views of most natural scientists. The debate currently focuses on the substitutability between the economy and the environment or between “natural capital” and “manufactured capital”—a debate captured in terms of weak versus strong sustainability. In this article, we examine the various interpretations of these concepts. We conclude that natural science and economic perspectives (...)
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  2.  16
    Logics in Fungal Mycelium Networks.Andrew Adamatzky, Phil Ayres, Alexander E. Beasley, Nic Roberts & Han A. B. Wösten - 2022 - Logica Universalis 16 (4):655-669.
    The living mycelium networks are capable of efficient sensorial fusion over very large areas and distributed decision making. The information processing in the mycelium networks is implemented via propagation of electrical and chemical signals en pair with morphological changes in the mycelium structure. These information processing mechanisms are manifested in experimental laboratory findings that show that the mycelium networks exhibit rich dynamics of neuron-like spiking behaviour and a wide range of non-linear electrical properties. On an example of a single real (...)
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  3.  32
    Catastrophe avoidance and risk aversion: Implications of formal utility maximization. [REVIEW]Robert U. Ayres & Manalur S. Sandilya - 1986 - Theory and Decision 20 (1):63-78.
  4.  24
    Databases for criminal intelligence analysis: Knowledge representation issues. [REVIEW]Robert Ayres - 1997 - AI and Society 11 (1-2):18-35.
    Criminal intelligence data poses problems for conventional database technology. It has little structure or homogeneity and queries may involve looking for unknown associations between entities; such open-ended queries cannot be made in current systems. Finally, the data must be presented in an intuitively simple fashion for both investigative and evidential purposes. We discuss a database system which uses a labelled graph as its data model. This approach obviates the need for schema design, allows queries which look for associations between entities (...)
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  5. Readings by Jacques Derrida, Robert Dodaro, Jean-Luc Marion, Rowan Williams, Lewis Ayres and John Milbank,".Re-Christianizing Augustine Postmodern Style - 1997 - Animus 2.
     
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  6. Re-Christianizing Augustine Postmodern Style: Readings by Jacques Derrida, Robert Dodaro, Jean-Luc Marion, Rowan Williams, Lewis Ayres and John Milbank.Wayne Hankey - 1997 - Animus 2:387-415.
    The Augustinian text is being radically rewritten by contemporary theologians to render it compatible with various proposals for a postmodern Christianity. The proximate stimulus is Derrida's deconstruction of the argument of the Confessions. What is positive and what is wanting in his appropriation of the Augustinian dialectic is reviewed, as also what can and cannot be seen of the historical Augustine from within the purview of a postmodern theology.
     
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  7. Dehumanization, Disability, and Eugenics.Robert A. Wilson - 2021 - In Maria Kronfeldner (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization. London, New York: Routledge. pp. 173-186.
    This paper explores the relationship between eugenics, disability, and dehumanization, with a focus on forms of eugenics beyond Nazi eugenics.
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  8. White mythologies: writing history and the west.Robert Young - 1990 - New York: Routledge.
  9.  22
    Doing Greek philosophy.Robert Wardy - 2006 - New York: Routledge.
    Doing Greek Philosophy conveys a vivid sense of dynamism and continuity of the Greek philosophical tradition and illustrates how interaction between Greek philosophers creates and sustains that tradition. It concentrates on a set of inter-related challenges and problems that emerged early in the tradition and moves on to the subsequent reactions to them.
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  10. Biological Individuals.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2024 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The impressive variation amongst biological individuals generates many complexities in addressing the simple-sounding question what is a biological individual? A distinction between evolutionary and physiological individuals is useful in thinking about biological individuals, as is attention to the kinds of groups, such as superorganisms and species, that have sometimes been thought of as biological individuals. More fully understanding the conceptual space that biological individuals occupy also involves considering a range of other concepts, such as life, reproduction, and agency. There has (...)
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  11.  7
    Evolution, Kultur und Rechtssystem: Beiträge zur new political ecology.Robert Weimar - 2002 - New York: P. Lang. Edited by Guido Leidig.
    Der Wandel der kulturellen Verhältnisse führt zu einer Zuspitzung des Verhältnisses von Gesellschaft und Rechtssystem. In diesem Prozess gestaltet New Political Ecology (NPE) Umwelt und Rechtssystem und ist zugleich evolutiv ausgerichtet. NPE erfährt Evolution in der Zeit als Überfluss und in eigenartiger Vernetzung als knappes Gut. Diese Verbindung basiert auf Zusammenhängen, die bisher noch nicht systematisch bearbeitet worden sind. Dabei geht es ganz wesentlich auch um das Verhältnis von Staat und moderner Risikogesellschaft. Wissenschaftlicher Fortschritt erweist sich vor diesem Hintergrund selbst (...)
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  12. Consequences of Calibration.Robert Williams & Richard Pettigrew - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:14.
    Drawing on a passage from Ramsey's Truth and Probability, we formulate a simple, plausible constraint on evaluating the accuracy of credences: the Calibration Test. We show that any additive, continuous accuracy measure that passes the Calibration Test will be strictly proper. Strictly proper accuracy measures are known to support the touchstone results of accuracy-first epistemology, for example vindications of probabilism and conditionalization. We show that our use of Calibration is an improvement on previous such appeals by showing how it answers (...)
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  13.  40
    Revisiting Protagoras’ Fr. DK B 1.Robert Zaborowski - 2017 - Elenchos 38 (1-2):23-43.
    The paper offers an analysis of Protagoras’ fr. DK 80 B 1 and rejects the traditional reading of Protagoras as relativist. By considering the ipsissima verba that Protagoras makes use of in his passage, it is argued that alternative interpretations are possible, of which epistemological reism and psychological individualism are proposed. On a more general level, it is discussed to what extent Protagoras’ fragment contains descriptive rather than normative claim.
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  14.  10
    Evolution and Human Values.Robert Wesson & Patricia A. Williams (eds.) - 1995 - BRILL.
    Initiated by Robert Wesson, _Evolution and Human Values_ is a collection of newly written essays designed to bring interdisciplinary insight to that area of thought where human evolution intersects with human values. The disciplines brought to bear on the subject are diverse - philosophy, psychiatry, behavioral science, biology, anthropology, psychology, biochemistry, and sociology. Yet, as organized by co-editor Patricia A. Williams, the volume falls coherently into three related sections. Entitled Evolutionary Ethics, the first section brings contemporary research to an (...)
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  15. Identification, situational constraint, and social cognition : Studies in the attribution of moral responsibility.Robert L. Woolfolk, John M. Doris & & John M. Darley - 2007 - In Joshua Knobe (ed.), Experimental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
  16. “Those that Have Most Money Must Have Least Learning”: Undergraduate Education at the University of Oxford in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries.Robert Wells - 2015 - In Kostas Gavroglu, Maria Paula Diogo & Ana Simões (eds.), Sciences in the Universities of Europe, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Academic Landscapes. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
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  17.  5
    Chapter 8: Nicolai Hartmann’s Approach to Affectivity and Its Relevance for the Current Debate Over Feelings.Robert Zaborowski - 2011 - In Roberto Poli, Carlo Scognamiglio & Frederic Tremblay (eds.), The Philosophy of Nicolai Hartmann. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 159-176.
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  18.  4
    Weltklugheit: die Tradition der europäischen Moralistik.Robert Zimmer - 2020 - Basel: Schwabe Verlag.
    Die Meisterwerke der Moralistik haben Millionen von Menschen als philosophische Lebensbegleiter gedient. Doch worum geht es in der Moralistik eigentlich? 0Die Moralistik befasst sich mit der Natur des Menschen und mit Möglichkeiten kluger, individueller Selbstbehauptung. Sie führt die antiken Ansätze einer philosophischen Klugheitslehre fort und besetzt damit einen in der neuzeitlichen Ethik vernachlässigten Teil der praktischen Philosophie. Ihre Meisterwerke vermitteln uns Menschenkenntnis und soziale Orientierung und stehen uns auf dem Weg eines gelingenden Lebens beratend zur Seite. In ihnen liegt der (...)
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  19. The Displacement of Recognition by Coercion in Fichte's Grundlage des Naturrechts'.Robert R. Williams - 2002 - In Daniel Breazeale & Tom Rockmore (eds.), New essays on Fichte's later Jena Wissenschaftslehre. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press.
     
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  20.  7
    Hans Kelsen: ein Leben im Dienste der Wissenschaft: Bericht über die Enthüllung der Büste Kelsens mit Ansprache des Herrn Bundesministers Dr. Heinz Fischer und Laudatio: Bibliographie der Werke Kelsens in systematischer und chronologischer Form.Robert Walter - 1985 - Wien: Manzsche Verlags- und Universitätsbuchhandlung.
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  21.  1
    Leibniz and philosophical analysis.Robert Morris Yost - 1954 - New York: Garland.
  22. Inequivalent Vacuum States and Rindler Particles.Robert Weingard & Barry Ward - 1998 - In Edgard Gunzig & Simon Diner (eds.), Le Vide: Univers du Tout et du Rien. Bruxelles: Revue de l'Université de Bruxelles. pp. 241-255.
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  23. Realism, Essence, and Kind: Resuscitating Species Essentialism?Robert A. Wilson - 1999 - In Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. pp. 187-207.
    This paper offers an overview of "the species problem", arguing for a view of species as homeostatic property cluster kinds, positioning the resulting form of realism about species as an alternative to the claim that species are individuals and pluralistic views of species. It draws on taxonomic practice in the neurosciences, especially of neural crest cells and retinal ganglion cells, to motivate both the rejection of the species-as-individuals thesis and species pluralism.
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  24. Introduction to Foucault, M. The order of discourse.Robert Young - 1981 - In Untying the text: a post-structuralist reader. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
     
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  25. Philosophy of psychology.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - In Sahotra Sarkar & Jessica Pfeifer (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. pp. 613-619.
    In the good old days, when general philosophy of science ruled the Earth, a simple division was often invoked to talk about philosophical issues specific to particular kinds of science: that between the natural sciences and the social sciences. Over the last 20 years, philosophical studies shaped around this dichotomy have given way to those organized by more fine-grained categories, corresponding to specific disciplines, as the literatures on the philosophy of physics, biology, economics and psychology--to take the most prominent four (...)
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  26. L'expérience de la norme.Robert Williame - 1980 - In Pierre Watté (ed.), Ethique et sociologie des valeurs: conflit ou complémentarité?: séminaire. Leuven: Peeters.
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  27. Post-structuralism: An introduction.Robert Young - 1981 - In Untying the text: a post-structuralist reader. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 1--28.
  28. Theory of the Text.Robert Young - 1981 - In Untying the text: a post-structuralist reader. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 31--47.
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  29. Art, logic, and the human presence of spirit in Hegel's philosophy of absolute spirit.Robert R. Williams - 2019 - In Marina F. Bykova (ed.), Hegel's Philosophy of Spirit: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  30.  7
    The beautiful, the true, & the good: studies in the history of thought.Robert E. Wood - 2015 - Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
    "Among the foremost Catholic philosophers of his generation. He has utilized the fullness of the Catholic intellectual tradition to brilliantly take the measure of modern philosophical thought... This volume is an expression of Robert Wood's singular philosophical outlook." -Jude Dougherty, dean emeritus, school of philosophy, The Catholic University of America.
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  31. Affect, desire and interpretation.Robert Williams - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    Are interpersonal comparisons of desire possible? Can we give an account of how facts about desires are grounded, that underpins such comparisons? This paper supposes the answer to the first question is yes, and provides an account of the nature of desire that explains how this is so. The account is a modification of the interpretationist metaphysics of representation that the author has recently been developing. The modification is to allow phenomenological affective valence into the “base facts” on which correct (...)
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  32.  52
    Human Nature and Conduct: An Introduction to Social Psychology. [REVIEW]C. E. Ayres - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (17):469-475.
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  33.  3
    La doctrina del derecho de Hans Kelsen.Robert Walter - 1999 - Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia.
    Se resume en esta obra el vasto y complejo sistema teórico-jurídico de Hans Kelsen, el jurista más grande de nuestro siglo. La doctrina de Kelsen y en particular su Teoría Pura del Derecho han conocido muchas vicisitudes y ataques debidos más a prejuicios políticos y racistas que a una verdadera confrontación con sus tesis. El autor enfatiza en el hecho de que la doctrina jurídica de Kelsen no es una teoría terminada y archivada sino en permanente desarrollo, una teoría a (...)
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  34.  2
    Problemas centrales de la teoría pura del derecho.Robert Walter - 2001 - Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia.
    Contribución de eruditos autores sobre aspectos trascendentales de la teoría pura del derecho. Esta obra debe verse como una expresión de esa renovada ocupación con los problemas de la doctrina de Kelsen.
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  35. Analyzing Marxism, new essays on analytical Marxism.Robert Ware & Kai Nielsen (eds.) - 1989 - Calgary, Alta., Canada: University of Calgary Press.
  36. Moral vision and legislating for the good in Aristotle.Robert Wardy - 2009 - In Robert Sharples (ed.), Particulars in Greek philosophy: the seventh S.V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Boston: Brill.
  37.  59
    Quantum psychology: how brain software programs you and your world.Robert Anton Wilson - 1990 - Tempe, Ariz.: New Falcon.
    Throughout human history, thoughts, values and behaviors have been colored by language and the prevailing view of the universe. With the advent of Quantum Mechanics, relativity, non-Euclidean geometries, non-Aristotelian logic and General Semantics, the scientific view of the world has changed dramatically from just a few decades ago. Nonetheless, human thinking is still deeply rooted in the cosmology of the middle ages. Quantum Psychology is the book to change your way of perceiving yourself--and the universe for the 21st Century. Some (...)
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  38. The Question of the Other in Fichte's Thought.Robert R. Williams - 1994 - In Daniel Breazeale & Tom Rockmore (eds.), Fichte: historical contexts/contemporary controversies. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press.
     
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  39.  25
    The development of Herbert Spencer's concept of evolution.Robert M. Young - 2000 - In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: critical assessments. New York: Routledge. pp. 2--378.
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  40.  4
    Filozofia i Mistyka Wincentego Lutoslawskiego (ed.).Robert Zaborowski (ed.) - 2000 - Warszawa: Stowarzyszenie Aktywnego Rozwoju Osobowości dla Studentów.
  41. A Theory of Metaphysical Indeterminacy.Elizabeth Barnes & J. Robert G. Williams - 2011 - In Karen Bennett & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 6. Oxford University Press UK. pp. 103-148.
    If the world itself is metaphysically indeterminate in a specified respect, what follows? In this paper, we develop a theory of metaphysical indeterminacy answering this question.
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  42.  3
    Kelsen, la teoría pura del derecho y el problema de la justicia.Robert Walter - 1997 - Bogotá, Colombia: Universidad Externado de Colombia.
    El profesor Robert Walter, el más eminente representante de la Teoría Pura del Derecho en nuestro tiempo, estudia en "Hans Kelsen, la Teoría Pura del Derecho y el problema de la justicia" y "Normas y enunciados sobre normas", los dos textos que componen esta obra, los puntos centrales del pensamiento filosófico y jurídico de Hans Kelsen.
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  43.  44
    Christian origins: theology, rhetoric, and community.Lewis Ayres & Gareth Jones (eds.) - 1998 - New York: Routledge.
    This collection is an exploration of the historical course and nature of early Christian theological traditions. The contributors reconsider classic themes and texts in the light of the existing traditions of interpretation. They offer critiques of early Christian ideas and texts and they consider the structure and origins of standard modern readings of these ideas and texts. Christian Origins provides a fresh and often ground-breaking analysis of the origins of Christian thought and offers a comprehensive and synchronic overview of the (...)
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  44.  16
    Economies and Social Reform.C. E. Ayres - 1959 - Science and Society 23 (1):88-90.
  45. Foucault.Robert Wicks - 2000 - In Berys Nigel Gaut & Dominic Lopes (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics. Routledge.
     
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  46. Natural beauty and optimism in Schopenhauer's aesthetics.Robert Wicks - 2009 - In Alex Neill & Christopher Janaway (eds.), Better Consciousness: Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Value. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  47. Projecting the enlightenment.Robert Wokler - 1994 - In John Horton & Susan Mendus (eds.), After Macintyre: Critical Perspectives on the Work of Alasdair Macintyre. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press.
     
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  48.  3
    The shorter Socratic writings: apology of Socrates to the jury, Oeconomicus, and Symposium: translations, with interpretive essays and notes.Robert C. Xenophon & Bartlett - 1996 - Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Edited by Robert C. Bartlett.
    This book presents translations of three dialogues Xenophon devoted to the life and thought of his teacher, Socrates. Each is accompanied by notes and an interpretative essay that will introduce new readers to Xenophon and foster further reflection in those familiar with his writing. "Apology of Socrates to the Jury" shows how Socrates conducted himself when he was tried on the capital charge of not believing in the city's gods and corrupting the young. Although Socrates did not secure his own (...)
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  49.  30
    Philosophies of India.Heinrich Robert Zimmer - 1951 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Edited by Joseph Campbell.
    Examines the diverse cultural influences which have shaped the basic philosophical traditions of India "Indian philosophy was at the heart of Zimmer's interest..
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  50.  6
    The World in Itself as a Meaningless and Almighty Will.Robert Wicks - 2008 - In Schopenhauer. Wiley. pp. 53–66.
    This chapter contains section titled: I universal subjectivity II the world as will III the Two‐Tiered objectication of the will: Platonic ideas and Spatio‐Temporalindividuals Notes Further Reading.
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